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  2. Just a couple more references to add to this McNairy County site: http://www.mcnairytnhistory.com/images/-_looking_back_ii.pdf "Looking Back at McNairy County" by Nancy Wardlaw Kennedy (2004) especially Page 3 (Table of Contents), Page 24 (Stantonville History) and Page 43 (Isham Forsythe connections). Names of interest, due to proximity to Hardin County and Pittsburg Landing include Duncan, Bell, Crump, Harrison, Adams, Chambers, Wright and Michie (Mickey). Locations mentioned include various ridges, church cemeteries and roads. Investigating one of the Church cemeteries led to discovery of: https://www.findagrave.com/cemetery/10240/memorial-search?firstName=&lastName=Michie&page=1#sr-54445076 Carter Cemetery (with Michie family burials). This cemetery is just east of Michie Tennessee, and about three miles south of Pebble Hill Cemetery (Pebble Hill Cemetery was adjacent to, or in close proximity to site of "Mickey's White House.") Because Carter Cemetery pre-dates the Civil War, there are likely burials of interest to SDG members.)
  3. For those interested in "what Civil War records are held at the National Archives?" the Guide to Civil War Records (1962) provides over 600 pages of detail. Some records (such as individual soldier CMSR -- combined military service records) are readily available (for a fee, ranging from $35 - $100). Others are only accessible by patrons and researchers fronting up to the National Archives at Washington D.C. Recommend begin pages 250 - 266 and expand enquiries from that explanatory segment. https://books.google.com.au/books?id=z8XhAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA490&lpg=PA490&dq=naval+historical+center+william+w.+McKean&source=bl&ots=famnoNNACR&sig=ACfU3U3sQ0wmtWOcWmHdqD8ISZe2fmmKLA&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiC0cuWmp3mAhVo6nMBHZruCtsQ6AEwBnoECAcQAQ#v=onepage&q=fishing&f=false
  4. Over 900 pages long (including photographs and maps and “additional references”) this library desk reference with Forward written by James M. McPherson is designed to “quickly answer basic questions regarding people and places involved with the Civil War,” and for those interested in Battle of Shiloh, the most significant pages: 401 U. S. Grant 415 Albert Sidney Johnston 405 Braxton Bragg 402 Henry Halleck 251 Shiloh (included in segment, “Federal Penetration up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers” The Library of Congress Civil War Desk Reference (2002) edited by M. E. Wagner, Gary Gallagher and Paul Finkelman (Simon & Schuster of New York) is available on Google Books at https://books.google.com.au/books?id=7svFnyOLknUC&pg=PA572&lpg=PA572&dq=lieutenant+cash+u.+s.+marine+corps+civil+war&source=bl&ots=ZLcfgsyDxk&sig=ACfU3U2rgUb2yg9q-jI0RHlaj-RvnDTqzw&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj68fHphKLmAhWYIbcAHUo3Ai4Q6AEwDXoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Shiloh&f=false
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  6. 14th Wisconsin Dresden Suhl Rifles-- class A weapons 15th Illinois-- a hodge podge-- Companies A, B, G, and E- Enfield Rifles-- the rest .69 cal smoothbores, Co. C of all things old British Tower Muskets 77th Ohio- Armed in the Field, Austrian-Belgian conversions .69 cal smoothbores... Prussian Muskets 70th Ohio- 264 Austrian rifles-- Belgian Conversion smoothbores-- then Regimental History says Enfields right before Shiloh.
  7. The 11th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment on Dec 2 1861 received Prussian muskets.[9] Flank Companies received Springfield model 1857 instead the Prussian muskets which the rest of the regiment had received.[10] The 11th Infantry received 800 smooth bore Prussian muskets and 200 French rifled muskets. The 12th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment was issued part of the 4,000 Austrian rifled muskets that had recently arrived. The 13th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment was issued arms from the same shipment as the 12th Regiment. Another report indicates that the first arms they received were Springfield rifles.[11] The 14th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment originally received one hundred State owned smooth bore muskets. The 14th Infantry, Mulligan Regiment, Quinn Regiment and Stuart Regiment received Austrian rifles on January 29 1862. The 12th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment, a.k.a. the Quinn Regiment was mustered into federal service on March 15 1862 in Niles Michigan. The first regimental commander was Colonel Francis Quinn of Niles. Their first issued uniforms were provided by the federal government, to include the boots and hats. This was part of a shipment of equipment sent to Captain Lee the US Army Quartermaster in Detroit from New York and Philadelphia. Captain received at that time 200 boxes of clothing, 3,000 suits in total, which had arrived for the 12th, 13th and 14 Infantry Regiments . One former member of Company D indicated that army blue uniforms were arriving in January of 1862. A photograph of the 12th Regiment at Camp Barker (Niles Michigan) taken before the regiment left Michigan shows enlisted men in short dark blouses, most wear dark trousers but some wear light trousers. All wear dark hats. Only one enlisted man wears a frock coat. The green and gray blankets purchased for this regiment were worthless and quickly replaced.
  8. From the LOC-- unidentified member of the 12th Michigan, Co. A., with his Austrian musket... cal .54
  9. Stan I have started to write my book on Shiloh Arms. I see on this Site you have included a number of accounts of  letters of men who fought at Shiloh. I am looking or will look for any info on arms carried if the soldier has a negative or positive comment on what they carried. I have five or six mentioning firearms and how they reported their Regiment outgunned or better armed than the enemy at certain times during the Battle. I have also discovered with facts and evidence the CS Officers out here in the West and the East were aware of the quality of arms issued to the men and knew much of it was antique and of poor quality. They tried to convince the men otherwise by promoting the use of the bayonet in a Battle over Rifles... Some great propaganda came out on how Napoleon won the Battle with the Bayonet and with the crummy guns you were issued, the bayonet is your weapon of choice! Even Lee commented... and Johnston and Bragg-- anyway-- I will send you from time to time the manuscript for comment-- I am also doing a section on uniforms and Flags--  I know you are working on a Flag Book-- We will shake up the Shiloh World or at least contribute to the overall research of the Battle and that not everyone carried a smoothbore that day.... Tom

  10. I watched the Prentiss walk on You-Tube-- It was awesome, but there is an addition... At Fraley? Field and the first contact between the 3rd Miss Batt. and the 25th Missouri-- Professor Tim stated he believed the troops were armed with smoothbores... No they were not... Research shows the 25th MO. were issued Model 1842 rifles, .69 cal. firing big minies with long range rear sites and the Confederates some had rifles and even Sharps Rifles-- a very accurate and devastating weapon. The casualties were minimal-- not because of the use of smoothbores, but the darkness and distance between the contestants. At distances of 300 yards or more-- a soldier would have trouble sighting in and hitting a target-- especially when bullets are flying your way. The 16th Wisconsin were armed with the Class A Dresden Suhl Rifle, the 12th Michigan with .54 caliber Austrian rifles, and the 21st MO, Model 1842 rifled muskets, .69 caliber --all of them in Peabody's Brigade. The 23rd and 21st wore short jackets and bummers, the 18th Wisconsin in the State 5 button blouse and bummers some in black hats, and the 12th, I am still working on as to uniforms-- Tom
  11. Ozzy

    Peabody's headquarters marker

    Turns out this was not only the site of Peabody's HQ but the Chicago Daily Tribune of 28 APR 1862 front page column one indicates Colonel Peabody's body was initially buried "under his tent" (before being exhumed and relocated to Springfield Massachusetts) see https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1862-04-28/ed-1/seq-1/#date1=1862&sort=date&date2=1862&words=Everett&language=&sequence=0&lccn=&index=17&state=Illinois&rows=20&ortext=&proxtext=Everett&year=&phrasetext=&andtext=&proxValue=&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=3 .
  12. A little late to the party, but that's ok. Came across the story of Samuel Everett and was glad to see it had already been previously discussed. Very interesting, indeed. -Paul
  13. Ozzy

    First Capital to fall

    [Henry Burnett from Wikipedia.] A big, burly man, Henry Burnett (had he participated in Battle of Shiloh) could have been the antithesis of Army of the Ohio officer, William “Bull” Nelson... Born in Virginia in 1825, Henry moved with his family to Kentucky while young and was educated at Hopkinsville. Entering local politics in 1850, Henry Burnett parlayed his experience into a run for National politics, and was elected as Member of Congress, representing Kentucky's First District in 1854. During the next six years, Congressman Burnett developed a reputation as gifted speaker of biting oratory, able to shame into silence opponents. With the nation edging towards Disunion, Henry Burnett threw his support behind the Cotton States. Returned to the U.S. House of Representatives following the Special Kentucky election of June 1861, Henry Burnett devoted his energy elsewhere: in response to Brigadier General Bull Nelson forming Union Camp of Instruction at Camp Dick Robinson, a rival training ground was named Camp Burnett. And Congressman Burnett organized a regiment of Kentucky troops to oppose Federal incursion into the State (and was elected Colonel of what became the 8th Kentucky Infantry, CSA.) In November, Colonel Burnett chaired the Russellville Convention, which created a shadow government for Kentucky and elected George W. Johnson as Governor (and which resulted in Kentucky getting the 13th star on the Confederate flag.) Sometime after the CSA Capital of Kentucky was established at Bowling Green, Henry Burnett took the field and joined the 8th Kentucky Volunteers. (And on December 3rd 1861 Mr. Burnett was expelled from the U.S. House of Representatives.) Present at Fort Donelson, Henry Burnett took advantage of a steamer evacuating General Floyd and General Pillow and other important people, and made his escape before the surrender. Henry Cornelius Burnett died in 1866. References: https://completely-kentucky.fandom.com/wiki/Henry_Cornelius_Burnett https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Kentucky_Infantry http://sites.rootsweb.com/~orphanhm/campboone.htm Camp Boone, Camp Burnett and the Orphan Brigade https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_Representatives_from_Kentucky https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Donelson_Confederate_order_of_battle Colonel Burnett is not listed (but Generals Floyd and Pillow are...) https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024443/1862-02-28/ed-1/seq-1/#date1=1862&index=10&rows=20&words=Floyd&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=Tennessee&date2=1862&proxtext=Floyd&y=0&x=0&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1 Athens Tennessee Post of 28 FEB 1862 page one has details IRT Battle of Fort Donelson (and mentions the steamer used by General Floyd, General Pillow and 800 others to evacuate was the Anderson.) Elsewhere, this steamer is named as the "General Anderson."
  14. Ran across an extremely interesting 250 page Doctorate Dissertation on the Life of McPherson. Produced in 2016 this work by Eric Dudley sheds light on West Point Graduate McPherson that many of us either take for granted, or ignore. Some highlights: Born in 1828 Jimmy McPherson just “made the cut” before becoming too old for admission to the U.S. Military Academy. Graduating in 1853, Lieutenant McPherson was 24 years old and ranked Number One in his West Point Class. Initially assigned to Instructor duty at West Point, McPherson put his Engineer training to use at Fort Delaware (south of Philadelphia) improving that facility; then went to San Francisco in 1857 to complete the fort on Alcatraz Island. Still a Lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers during most of his stay in California, McPherson followed with interest the deterioration of the Nation taking place “Back East” via slow mail from New York – Panama – San Francisco (six weeks delayed.) With initiation of the Pony Express the delay in receiving news diminished to 8 – 12 days (with no telegraph to San Francisco during McPherson's stay.) Captain McPherson did not depart California (via steamer to Panama; then steamer to New York) until last week of July/ first week of August 1861. During McPherson's stay in California, he would have met Henry Halleck; become re-acquainted with William Tecumseh Sherman; and served under Albert Sidney Johnston. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c6a4/98c03e2ee2cc70f6fe249be693588b0bb37a.pdf The Memory & Memorialization of James B. McPherson (2016)
  15. yes...the info is all on the facebook page and not here you go figure..but sat am we leave out at 8am so get there earlier to pay tim 30.00 cash..we will meet at the visitor center..and then car caravan down to the church were we will begin our trek..lunch will be somewhere along the way...ive got sandwich galore and jeanie will have snickerdoodles and other cookies..we will end up at the v.c...see you sat..it is very very wet here ..the place looks like the battle just happened with many many trees down from sat storm.
  16. IS IT THIS WEEKEND? PLS. ADVISE
  17. Item No.3: Rebel units involved According to published reports, the Rebel unit that initiated contact with a picket post manned by soldiers of the 70th Ohio Infantry was Clanton's 1st Alabama Cavalry. In effect, the advance elements of Grant's Army were engaged by advance units of General Johnston's Army. But, how can a mounted group “sneak up” on an attentive force of well posted infantry pickets? According to Surgeon Frank Riley, the Union pickets were playing Euchre (a card game imported to the United States by Belgium) and taken unawares... their attention was misdirected. Surgeon Riley also reports that “one of the card players was shot in the hand by the attacking Rebels.” https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1862-04-14/ed-1/seq-1/ Daily Chicago Tribune of 14 APR 1862 page one.
  18. Another curious aspect... Part of what makes “the skirmish” of 4 April 1862 difficult to comprehend, is that it appears to have commenced between 2 and 2:30 pm. And yet regiments were still falling into line late in the evening (with the last alerted regiments being dismissed about midnight.) Did this afternoon skirmish really persist until nearly midnight? Or was something else going on?
  19. Ozzy

    Who am I?

    For whatever reason, the Battle of Shiloh spawned Confederate veterans that gravitated towards “special operations,” with George Dixon and CSS Hunley, George P. Canning and CSS Shenandoah, and Jacob Thompson and the Canadian Cabinet... and this original member of Strawbridge's Louisiana and his special assignment. It would be difficult to find another battle that produced so many similar-minded individuals.
  20. Thanks for the listing of the Army of the Ohio weaponry. I still have some questions about 4 regiments in the Army of the Tennessee regarding their weapons. I have received some contradictory info on these regiments: 15th Illinois (Veatch), 70th and 72nd Ohio (Buckland) and the unassigned 14th Wisconsin. Does anyone have info or a good educated guess to the weapons of these units? Thanks in advance for any help.
  21. Other considerations... 2 APR Lew Wallace's force moves towards Purdy. This “expedition” is misinterpreted and its size overstated, likely leading to initiation of Rebel advance from Corinth. 3 APR IAW orders dated April 2nd WHL Wallace is placed in temporary command of Smith's Second Division (and likely informed personally by Major General US Grant.) BGen Wallace writes his wife that day and informs her, “[he will move from the First Division to the Second Division] and assume command tomorrow.” 3 APR Lew Wallace tells US Grant of concern IRT possible Rebel move on him from Purdy. [This concern is repeated April 4th.] 3 APR Likely based on report that “the Tennessee River is falling” received from WT Sherman and Colonel Webster, General Grant orders rebuild of “Wallace Bridge” over Snake Creek. Colonel McPherson and a work party from the Second Division spend all day Friday rebuilding the bridge, with only the approaches remaining to be attached. [Without approaches, it would be extremely difficult to move artillery onto, and off of the bridge.] 3 APR Probing scout sent towards Monterey before dawn Thursday, authorized by Sherman (involving 5th Ohio cavalry and in conjunction with 54th Ohio, an attempt to ambush CSA cavalry.) Ambush unsuccessful; but several rebels captured [Papers of USG vol.5 p.5]. 3 APR Telegraph line from Savannah to Waynesboro completed, with first contact with General Bull Nelson that evening [Nelson is informed that his advance party has arrived.] As efforts to get telegraph to function are underway, US Grant is likely present at the shop on Main Street Savannah during much of Thursday and Friday observing events, and sending/receiving sample messages. References: SDG “Not just pictures...” post of 5 July 2017 [“Report of Special Correspondent of Cincinnati Gazette” dated 1 April 1862, which was published April 4th.] SDG “General Johnston, an 1885 Disagreement” post of 23 AUG 2019 [details move of Wallace towards Purdy on April 2nd and Confederate response.] Papers of US Grant vol.5 page 3 [General Nelson's advance in sight.] Papers of US Grant vol.5 pp.11 – 12 [April 4 report of Hammond to Rawlins.]
  22. [Life & Letters of WHL Wallace page 191.] The above report of an occurrence Saturday afternoon, 5 April 1862 is indicative of the information that will be revealed when "The Diary of I. P. Rumsey" is published...
  23. Mona Thanks for having a look at this topic, and I agree with your start time (2 – 2:30pm) and your list of Union forces that participated appears to be complete (48th OVI (one man, 1/LT Geer, serving as Staff officer to General Buckland) and 72nd OVI (of Sherman's Fifth Division) Buckland's 4th Brigade. 5th Ohio Cavalry, Co's B & H. And the Picket engaged belonged to the 70th OVI.) The events of April 4th had potential to develop into something more momentous, and yet the gunfire that erupted could NOT be heard at Crump's Landing; and many of the forces camped north and east of Sherman's Division were unaware that anything unusual had taken place that Friday afternoon.
  24. im going to have to answer these bit by bit..very busy dont have much time at all to research.. 1-warm in the morning which led to later showers... 2-Ohio..72nd--48th--70th 5th Oh cav 4-2-2:30pm 5-Sherman 6-Buckland 14-7 men and 1 officer Herbert of the 70th will be back..go to go check my cows that are calving.... Mona
  25. Belfoured Thanks for your continued interest in Pfaender and Peebles and Munch's Battery. I have attempted to find primary sources that confirm your claims, but without success. There is indeed “a mystery” concerning WHO commanded the section of howitzers during the Chickasaw Bluff recon (Pfaender claims he did; but there is an almost complete lack of a roster of participants in that expedition conducted by Sherman; and without knowing full details (i.e. did other officers of the battery go along; was anyone sick and left behind at Pittsburg Landing), all that can be made are assumptions.) These are the best references I have run across with significant mention of the 1st Minnesota Light Artillery and its key players: “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (1890 – 93) [contains details not in 2005.] “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (2005) [contains info not in 1890 version.] OR 10 parts 1 and 2 OR 52 part 1 Minnesota Historical Society http://www.mnopedia.org/group/first-battery-minnesota-light-artillery http://libguides.mnhs.org/firstartillery 1st Minnesota Battery resources The Battle of Shiloh: the Union Armies (2019) by Lanny K. Smith Shiloh Discussion Group [a number of topics and posts on the SDG site, easily found by searching for “Minnesota” or “Munch” or “Pfaender” via Search Box at top of Home Page.] http://www2.mnhs.org/library/findaids/civwar04.pdf Report of the Shiloh Monument Commission William Pfaender http://www.mnopedia.org/person/pfaender-wilhelm-1826-1905 William Pfaender and New Ulm http://collections.mnhs.org/MNHistoryMagazine/articles/30/v30i01p024-035.pdf Brother of Mine: the Civil War Letters of Thomas and William Christie (2011). Cheers Ozzy
  26. The Weather and other References In a Letter dated 4 April 1862, Bugler Charles Dickey of Illinois reports the weather at Pittsburg Landing: “The weather is rather uncomfortable warm in the daytime, but the nights are delicious, just cool enough to sleep well.” BGen WHL Wallace in his Letter of 5 April to his wife reports the “skirmish in front of General Sherman's division,” and recalls, “last night brought storm and rain.” Confederate soldier L. I. Nixon, who began April 4th seven miles south of Shiloh Church recorded in his diary: “It commenced raining before day...” Lieutenant J.J. Geer reports “a torrent of rain” that fell on Friday afternoon, before sunset. General William Hardee, in his report following the April 4th Skirmish, recorded: “The rain fell in torrents, swelling streams to where they became impassible. Our planned overnight march [of 4/5 April] was cancelled.” Based on the above, it appears Friday, April 4th began with a clearing shower. The sun came out, and the day warmed (probably to the low 80s) before cloud and showers returned during the afternoon, turning into heavy rain and storms late in the evening, with rain persisting until daybreak on Saturday. [The same band of stormy weather allowed USS Carondelet to run the gauntlet at Island No.10 on Friday evening.] Here are a few other references that may be of use IRT Picket Skirmish of April 4th: SDG “Shiloh account, pre-battle patrols” by Stan Hutson on 20 AUG 2017. Geer, J.J. “A Yankee Loose in Dixie” (1862) pages 23 – 26 available online https://archive.org/stream/beyondlinesory00geer#page/25/mode/1up SDG “Correspondence (Union) – April 4, 1862” posted by Manassas 1 SDG “Correspondence (Union) – April 5, 1862” posted by Manassas 1 [especially reports from General Sherman and General Grant regarding events of that Friday.] OR 10 part 1 page 89 Report of U.S. Grant to General Halleck IRT Picket Skirmish OR 10 part 1 pages 89 – 90 Report of W. T. Sherman OR 10 part 1 pages 90 – 92 Report of Colonel Ralph Buckland http://dan-masters-civil-war.blogspot.com/2019/01/general-buckland-explains-battle-of.html Buckland comments on Picket Skirmish OR 10 part 1 page 93 and page 567 Reports of General William Hardee. William Posegate Letter of 11 APR 1862 at http://www.48ovvi.org/ Corporal William Srofe Letter of noon 4 April 1862 at http://www.48ovvi.org/ https://cmkinhuntercm.wordpress.com/category/1862/page/1/ SGT I. N. Carr 11th Iowa diary entry for 4 APR 1862 SDG “Another reporter's story” [Surgeon Frank Reilly knowledge of Picket Skirmish] https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1862-04-14/ed-1/seq-1/ Daily Chicago Tribune of 14 APR 1862 page one report of Surgeon Frank Reilly [with details of Picket Skirmish of April 4th.] https://archive.org/details/lifelettgeneral00wallrich/page/182 Life and Letters of WHL Wallace (especially pages 180 – 182.) https://pickusottawail.com/murals/general-w-h-l-wallace/ Recent mural added at Ottawa. https://archive.org/stream/recollectionswit00thomp#page/206/mode/2up SGT Seymour Thompson (3rd Iowa Infantry) recalls events of Friday, April 4th on pages 206 – 207. http://content.lib.auburn.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/civil/id/23854/rec/20 L.I. Nixon of the 26th Alabama records in his diary entry for April 4th, “We saw a bare-headed Union officer escorted to the rear (before sunset) and after sunset, picket firing was heard away to the east.”
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