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  1. Yesterday
  2. Stan Hutson

    Chaplain I. T. Tichenor, 17th Alabama Infantry, colt rifle at Shiloh

    Not sure what "Colonel" he killed, or if that was reported in error.
  3. Last week
  4. Ozzy

    Name this man (2).

    We're all familiar with the story: a man claiming to be a graduate of West Point, Class of 1843, found work assisting the Governor of his State following the Emergency at Fort Sumter. Then, this man talked his way into being appointed Colonel of one of the State's first infantry regiments of volunteers. Later, in Missouri, this officer had an encounter that resulted in him being briefly removed from command... but things were put right, and this officer arrived at Pittsburg Landing in time to participate in Battle of Shiloh... as a Brigade Commander. Name this man. Hint: NOT Ulysses S. Grant.
  5. Ozzy

    Barrett's Battery B

    Stan You are correct about the importance of letters and diaries: so much of our history relies on a handful of hurriedly-gathered sources, rarely afterwards verified, that it is a wonder that historical records are anywhere close to accurate... which is why the 250 Civil War letters written by William Shepherd are so significant. With such an astute observer recording what was taking place, it was always going to be difficult for History to just disappear. Just a few important details revealed by Private Shepherd: The pace and flow of artillery battery operation during engagements; Shepherd acts as witness to battle casualties in his proximity; The visit of Captain Ezra Taylor to Nashville (aboard steamer W.H.B. with Major General Grant, end of February 1862) is confirmed; Confirmation that McClernand's First Division was held at Savannah "a few days longer than everyone else." (At that time, Taylor's Battery belonged to McClernand.) Confirmation of the late transfer of Taylor's Battery from McClernand to Sherman. Once part of the Fifth Division, Ezra Taylor was promoted to Major, and gained assignment as Chief of Artillery for the Fifth Division. Barrett was promoted Captain of the Battery (and Private Shepherd seems to verify that Major Taylor "looked after" his old Battery during the chaos and confusion of that April Sunday in 1862.) In addition, William Shepherd clearly reveals his reasons for taking an active role in the Emergency of 1861. Cheers Ozzy
  6. Stan Hutson

    Barrett's Battery B

    I am a firm believer that there are some "jewels" out there, letters and diaries and such, about Shiloh, that the public has never seen.
  7. As noted in the piece above, it says he was killed on the 7th, while his military records clearly state he was killed on the 6th.
  8. Ozzy

    Hero of Chattanooga

    Hero of Chattanooga The 1864 Biography of Ulysses S. Grant Have given this particular article its title due to the fact it refers to the first biography of General U.S. Grant, published by Julian K. Larke of New York in March 1864 (after the stunning victory of Grant’s Army at Chattanooga, and before it was known “how the war would end.”) For our purposes, pages 50 – 97 are the most interesting, beginning with “the Seizure of Paducah” on 6 SEP 1861 (we are informed that John Fremont had no role in Grant’s decision to take possession of that strategically important Ohio River port.) Battle of Belmont runs from pages 53 – 58 (with excellent List of General Grant’s Staff Officers.) Also, an interesting relationship with Eleazer Paine is introduced, concerning atrocities committed by Southern citizens of Missouri against U.S. troops at Bird’s Point; and subsequently details “imperfect plans” provided to the Press, and potential spies, by General Grant, to keep real intentions and military movements from being known. Fort Henry occupies pages 66 – 69 (and John McClernand’s assignment as commander of the First Division is revealed.) The description of Fort Donelson is a good summary, except it ignores the roles played by John McClernand and John McArthur in facilitating the breakout attempt of Saturday morning 15 FEB 1862. Also, no credit is accorded Lew Wallace for sapping the momentum of the Confederate breakout. And, of course, ample coverage is provided to the Unconditional Surrender (although, the breaching of the topic of “Grant’s intemperance” following victory at Fort Donelson is unexpected; as is possible complicity by Henry Halleck...) Beginning with “Grant’s new District of West Tennessee,” leading to the occupation of Clarksville, followed by the Return to Federal control of Nashville (with no mention made of Grant’s role there) and concluding with “Grant’s army moved up the Tennessee River,” the two or three weeks following Fall of Fort Donelson are carefully massaged to present U.S. Grant in the best light. The buildup to the Battle of Shiloh begins page 84, with emphasis on destroying Confederate railroads. And the Battle, itself – including Buell’s importance; the issue of “surprise” and the role of Prentiss; and the inclusion of William Carroll’s Battle of Pittsburg article – all are covered pages 86 – 97 (which concludes with mention of Sherman’s advance on April 8th.) General Grant and his Campaigns by Julian K. Larke (published 1864) is of value for learning how the Hero of Chattanooga was perceived, before he was called to Washington… before he ended up winning the war. https://archive.org/details/generalgrantandh00larkrich/page/n5 N.B. For those in search of "something more," the description of the Public Dinner attended by General Grant in St. Louis on 26 JAN 1864 is to be found pages 455 - 462; "Grant's Appearance and Character" are described pages 463 - 468. And in the Appendix, pages 15 - 23, a remarkable justification for General Grant's performance at Shiloh, presented before the House of Representatives on 2 May 1862, by Elihu Washburne. Julian K. Larke at find-a-grave https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/172074446/julian-k.-larke.
  9. Ozzy

    Shiloh Primary Sources No.2

    https://archive.org/details/catalogueoflibra00nichuoft/page/696 Catalogue of Library of LtCol John P. Nicholson (published 1914.) LtCol Nicholson must have been engrossed with the History of the Civil War; during the course of his life, he amassed the best collection of references (superior, even, to most University libraries.) Containing reference to diaries, letters, memoirs, biographies, this catalog acts as a bibliography revealing the existence of most known, and many obscure, Civil War resources. Found during my own perusal were resources concerning U.S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Leonidas Polk, PGT Beauregard, Whitelaw Reid. Maps of battlefields. MOLLUS records. (The above link at archive.org opens to the entries for works by David W. Reed.) After learning of the existence of a reference, search Google (or other search engine) and find its current location... Cheers Ozzy N.B. See also "Shiloh Primary Sources" of 20 SEP 2018 at Shiloh Discussion Group.
  10. Ozzy

    Tribune's Crystal Ball

    Mona The other interesting inclusion is the list of defenses possessed by Corinth -- rifle pits, redoubts, abattis -- none of which were determined to be necessary for defence of Pittsburg Landing (and even actively discouraged, at least by General Sherman.) Ozzy
  11. mona

    Tribune's Crystal Ball

    The last sentence is very foretelling the future will reveal.
  12. Earlier
  13. Ozzy

    Barrett's Battery B

    Review of To Rescue My Native Land by Wm. T. Shepherd It is not often that letters and diaries compiled by artillerymen during the Civil War are encountered, and this collection is a gem: the “Civil War Letters of William T. Shepherd.” Native of Wisconsin, who enlisted in Chicago as Private in Taylor’s Battery B, 1st Illinois Light Artillery 16 July 1861, Private Shepherd (sometimes spelled Shepard) is a gifted, intelligent writer who sent letters to friends and family back in Illinois on a daily basis. Encountered in the many letters: · Camp life (and looking forward to letters, newspapers and parcels from home) · Details of duty (and October 1861 Skirmish at Fredericktown) in Missouri · Description of duty (and Christmas) at Bird’s Point, Missouri. Letter of 10 NOV 1861 describes participation in Battle of Belmont. Letter of 9 JAN 1862 reveals “everyone at Cairo, Fort Holt and Bird’s Point is under Marching Orders” (which everyone believes is for “somewhere down the Mississippi River…”) Instead, a feint is conducted to the east of Fort Columbus, which “confuses everyone”). Letter of 1 FEB 1862: under Marching Orders, again… 8 FEB 1862: describes “how easily their Fort Henry became ours.” 16 FEB: Letter begins “while besieging Fort Donelson” and describes previous four days of activity, and ends abruptly when orders arrive to “reposition the Battery.” (See 21 FEB letter.) 28 FEB: “Our Captain Taylor has just returned from a visit to Nashville…” 12 MAR: aboard steamer Silver Moon, going up the Tennessee River… 21 MAR: at Savannah, returning to steamer for move up river… 23 MAR letter written from Pitsburg Landing. “Arrived aboard John J. Roe. There are 75000 men at this place, and more arriving constantly…” 25 MAR: “Captain Taylor has been promoted, and Lieutenant Barrett is now in command of the Battery.” Letters of 8 APR and 14 APR 1862: aftermath of Battle of Shiloh. And more good news: Private William Shepherd (who was promoted to Sergeant Major by the end of the War) also kept a Diary… Cheers Ozzy To Rescue My Native Land: the Civil War Letters of William T. Shepherd (edited by Kurt H. Hakemer) Tennessee University Press 2005 (365 pages) is available at amazon.con and better libraries. [Limited access: https://books.google.com.au/books?id=a6HQRB6UimYC&pg=PA331&lpg=PA331&dq=israel+p.+rumsey+letter&source=bl&ots=JG_cwqaoUX&sig=dQa8blZoWwiMXVAQGfu3JkaSAHE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiIg5yUx4nfAhUF448KHReGDdcQ6AEwBXoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=israel p. rumsey letter&f=false And for those able to visit Kenosha, Wisconsin: https://museums.kenosha.org/civilwar/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2018/05/Wisconsin-Resources-for-Website.pdf Civil War letters and diaries on file
  14. Ozzy

    Stephen A. Hurlbut

    Removed from command in Northern Missouri in September 1861 and sent home to Belvidere Illinois in disgrace, it was only the timely removal of Major General Fremont from control of the Western Department that provided an unexpected opportunity for Stephen Hurlbut to "salvage his career." Brigadier General Hurlbut wrote to Governor Richard Yates of Illinois to intercede on his behalf (and it is unknown what influence was exerted by Yates; but at the behest of Brigadier General William T. Sherman, and agreement of Major General Henry Halleck, Stephen Hurlbut was quietly returned to Missouri and deposited at the Camp of Instruction, Benton Barracks.) Not knowing how the "remedial training" was organized, but considering Richard Yates a benefactor of his rejuvenated career, General Hurlbut wrote the following Letter of 10 APR 1862 to Governor Yates, in regard to his performance at Battle of Shiloh: http://alplm-cdi.com/chroniclingillinois/items/show/3461.
  15. Cleveland Morning Leader of 5 APR 1862 Page 2 Col.3 (from 41st OVI). [Just a reminder: the 41st Ohio Infantry was part of Hazen's Brigade, of Nelson's Fourth Division. Hazen's Brigade crossed the Tennessee River during the night of 6/7 April and took part in Day Two at Battle of Shiloh.] https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=coo.31924077730160;view=1up;seq=365 OR 10 page 347 Report No. 111.
  16. Ozzy

    Tribune's Crystal Ball

    The Cleveland Morning Leader of Saturday 5 APR 1862 also made an effort to predict the future (with their article on Page 2 Col.3 "Preparing for the Great Conflict" reprinted from a late March 1862 edition of the St. Louis Democrat, by an unidentified reporter):
  17. mona

    Tribune's Crystal Ball

    Savannah to Memphis most likely on the Stage Road...now highway 64 somewhat follows this route.
  18. Ozzy

    Grant's six divisions

    Sherman’s Sleight-of-Hand Was pondering the question, “What caused the Sixth Division to be initiated?” …when the obvious answer presented: “Sherman’s Fifth Division was full.” But, on close examination of that Fifth Division, there were uncovered “idiosyncrasies” that defied explanation: · Four complete brigades (while every other division contained 3 brigades) · The largest division (by number of men assigned/ present for duty) · Improper assignment of brigade commanders. We are all familiar with the story of the 1st Brigade of Sherman’s Division: BGen Sherman was saddled with Colonel Thomas Worthington (whom Sherman believed unfit, and undeserving of brigade command. And the elaborate story concocted to prevent Worthington getting that brigade command (to which he believed he was entitled, by law)… eventually resolved by the timely arrival of John McDowell (with date-of-rank as Colonel June 1861, compared to Colonel Worthington’s date-of-rank January 1862.) But, while smiling at Sherman’s clever shunting aside of Worthington (eventually, all the way back to Ohio) no attention is paid to the other brigades of the Fifth Division: · 2nd Brigade – no problem. Stuart was senior to Mason (71st OVI) and Kilby Smith (54th OVI). · 3rd Brigade – Jesse Hildebrand was elected Colonel of the 77th Ohio in OCT 1861; but Jesse Appler had date-of-rank 16 SEP 1861. (If Appler was deemed unfit to command a brigade, how was he fit to command a regiment?) · 4th Brigade – Ralph Buckland was appointed Colonel 72nd Ohio on 30 OCT 1861; but Joseph Cockerill’s date of rank was 2 OCT 1861. The point: Was brigade command offered to Cockerill and Appler, but they both declined? Or did General Sherman simply select Hildebrand and Buckland to be brigade commanders, without reference to date of rank? Reference: https://archive.org/details/briefhistoryof4600wort/page/n159 Brief History of the 46th Ohio Volunteers by Colonel Thomas Worthington (published 1878.) Page 97 of 98 (at archive.org) indicated as Page 4 of section titled, "Facts Developed as to the Battle of Shiloh..." contains a letter from Ohio Senator Thomas Sherman, dated 21 APR 1862, putting the case for moving Worthington's date-of-rank as Colonel to August 1861. This pending adjustment (obviously discussed between Worthington and General Sherman, some time in March 1862) was made O.B.E., overridden by John McDowell's assignment to 1st Brigade of Fifth Division, and subsequent appointment to command of that brigade.
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