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  2. On page one, column 7 of the Richmond Daily Dispatch of 27 NOV 1861 is a report submitted by General Beauregard relating "the moment during the Battle of Manassas that he beheld a vast column advancing towards his position; but the lack of wind prevented positive determination of 'to whom this column belonged: us or them.' First reports indicated it was an enemy column; General Beauregard readied a special scout to ride forward and determine the allegiance for certain... when a puff of wind caught the flag of the advancing column, stiffened it straight out. And there was no mistake: it was the Confederate National Flag, the Stars and Bars. But, from that moment, General Beauregard determined that a more distinctive Flag must be used in battle." https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024738/1861-11-27/ed-1/seq-1/ Richmond Daily Dispatch of 27 NOV 1861.
  3. Not only is Muster Roll of the USS Alfred Robb (or simply USS Robb) now available, with its listing of names and residences of Tennessee men recruited into Federal Navy service, online for viewing. The Muster Roll of USS Conestoga is now available. Working slowly but surely, the collection of Civil War vessel muster rolls is being released online to the public; and while we wait for USS Lexington and USS Tyler, the roll of USS Conestoga (which ascended the Tennessee River as far as Muscle Shoals in February 1862) is ready now. What can be learned? Crew size; ratings (warfare specialization) of the members of the crew; ages of the men and boys... And in the case of Conestoga, many of her crew joined from USS Cairo after the sinking of their vessel due to torpedo (mine) end of 1862. https://catalog.archives.gov/id/134415932 Muster Rolls and Crew Lists of USS Conestoga.
  4. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/18839644/james-henry-hallonquist [Start here.] http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/Army/USMA/Cullums_Register/1803*.html Entry in Cullum's Register of West Point Graduates: James Henry Hallonquist, appointed from South Carolina, assigned upon graduation as Artillery specialist. https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-battle-units-detail.htm?battleUnitCode=CAL0002BAL 2nd Batt, ALA Light Artillery https://books.google.com.au/books?id=867sVhrVSzUC&pg=PA211&lpg=PA211&dq=confederate+James+Hallonquist&source=bl&ots=lAQTd1gKxW&sig=ACfU3U3-sQwX491E_YVzyPy0UwF085HAxg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiXoN2x2YDqAhXQV30KHd45CLwQ6AEwAXoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=confederate James Hallonquist&f=false [Hallonquist entry point in Index, page 211, "Confederate Officers" by Arthur Wyllie (published 2007).] Lieutenant James Hallonquist features in the chapter, "Battle for Santa Rosa Island" in The Struggle for Pensacola, 1860 - 1862 ...due to be published end of 2020. Cheers Ozzy
  5. U.S. Navy Crew Lists and Muster Rolls Good news for those interested in complete crew lists for U.S. Navy vessels during the Civil War: Family Search is engaged in making those lists available to the public, free of charge. Currently, the lists accessible are for ship names beginning Letter "A" through Letter "C" (so USS Colorado and USS Carondelet and USS Cairo and USS Alfred Robb are available for viewing now.) Review the below site every couple of weeks to check on progress... https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=Muster_Rolls_of_Naval_Ships,_1860_-_1900_-_National_Archives_Catalog&mobileaction=toggle_view_desktop U.S. Navy ship crew lists and muster rolls (Civil War) N.B. For those interested in Savannah Tennessee men that joined the crew of tinclad steamer Alfred Robb (sometimes labeled USS Robb) in 1862 and afterwards, that list is available now... https://catalog.archives.gov/id/134410287 begin page 40 thru 54. At least twenty men named with Hardin County Tennessee indicated as "place of enlistment." [Confederate steamer Alfred Robb was hidden away up the Tennessee River near Florence Alabama until captured by timberclads Lexington and Tyler on 21 April 1862, and subsequently pressed into service as Tinclad No.21 (although it was the FIRST tinclad vessel.)]
  6. It is always interesting to learn what “outsiders” thought of the internal upheaval that came to be known as the Civil War. And as we know, one of the ways the South could have emerged victorious: gain international recognition of the Confederate States of America as sovereign nation. Coupled with a mutual defense treaty (with France or Great Britain) the North would likely have found continued prosecution of the war too difficult. As foreign powers made up their minds how to come to terms with the CSA, observers from Russia, France, England and one or two German States were noticed in Washington and Richmond. Of most concern were the representatives of France and England: extraordinary efforts were prosecuted in order to attempt persuasion of those powerful nations, by North and South. The Illustrated London News is now available on HathiTrust for the years 1843 - 1875. Of interest to SDG is Volume 40 (Jan – June 1862) which contains: Page 184 [Col.3 bottom] “America: The capture of Fort Henry.”] Page 241 “America: Grant's capture of Fort Donelson.” Page 280 The capture of Nashville; President Davis admits, “Our defenses were stretched too thin.” Page 383 “The war in America seems to be drawing to a close” [19 APR 1862 cover.] Seems to put great faith in McClellan's Expedition... Page 384 News delivered by steamer [current through 5 April.] Page 408 26 APR edition: “News of Pittsburg Landing: the bloodiest battle which ever took place on United States' soil.” Page 409 [top of column 1] “The Western men are proving themselves the heroes of the war...” Page 433 The 3 May edition: “America: more from Pittsburg Landing...” https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.c0000066837&view=1up&seq=166&size=125 Illustrated London News volume 40. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000520935 All editions of Illustrated London News (1843 - 1875).
  7. General Johnston's Horses As we know, at the time General Johnston was shot he was riding Fire-eater, a thoroughbred, and gift of Captain J.D. Adams of Little Rock, Arkansas. Two other horses were available to General Johnston at Shiloh: “a large, gray horse, gift of Colonel W. B. Smith of Lamar, Mississippi” and another, gift of Dr. James H. Meriwether of Kentucky, named Umpire. This last horse, Umpire, is subject of the attached article, found page 2 col.3 of New York Herald of 13 OCT 1861: Additional Reference: "General Johnston's Horses at Shiloh" by Arthur Marvin Shaw, Jr. in Arkansas Historical Quarterly of Autumn 1949 (vol.8 no.3) pp.206 – 210.
  8. Confederate uniforms As we know, Confederate uniforms were not mass produced to the extent that uniforms for Northern soldiers were: by the end of the war over 75 percent of Union uniforms were machine sewn, while less than 5 percent of Confederate shirts, jackets and trousers were machine stitched (primarily due lack of availability of sewing machines in the South.) However, one source for mass produced Confederate uniforms was located at Corinth Mississippi: Simon & Rubel, Dry Goods Merchants. Originally known as Simon & Dobbins, with the eruption of war in 1861 the manufacture of uniforms for Mississippi regiments commenced under that name; and in 1862 became Simon & Rubel. Before the Union occupation of Corinth, the company relocated to Memphis... and ceased trading with the fall of Memphis in June 1862. Reference: Goodspeed's Mississippi vol.2 page 710. N.B. F. E. Whitfield is mentioned as "in command of one of the units supplied with uniforms by E. Rubel in 1861."
  9. Goodspeed's Biographies Late in the 19th Century the Goodspeed Company (sometimes called Goodspeed Brothers) set about providing collections of Historical Records, based on counties and states. Prominent citizens of those counties and states were contacted, interviewed, and brief memoirs obtained (which were then rewritten as biographies.) The biographies were submitted to the interviewees, errors corrected, and the biographies published. An interesting six page biography of General PGT Beauregard is contained in Goodspeed's Louisiana, beginning page 272. “Mississippi in the War” begins page 150 and runs thirty pages in Goodspeed's Mississippi. General James R. Chalmers has a brief biography beginning page 535; Nathan Bedford Forrest and his cavalry are covered from page 159 to 165. General Albert Pike has his information in Goodspeed's Northeastern Arkansas, beginning page 70. Missouri and Indiana get pretty full coverage; and there is Goodspeed's Tennessee, and Goodspeed's Texas... For those conducting family history research (especially of Confederate officers, and veterans who enjoyed political and business success after the war) Goodspeed's deserves to be examined. References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goodspeed_Publishing List of States and Counties addressed by Goodspeed's http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Goodspeed Publishing Co Goodspeed's Tennessee (Missouri, Indiana) https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011441179 Goodspeed's Louisiana (1891) https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/100736861 Goodspeed's Mississippi (1891) https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009567153 Goodspeed's Northeastern Arkansas (1889)
  10. Joe The period following Capture of Fort Donelson must have been one of unbelievable euphoria and stratospheric rise (for General Grant) followed by precipitous decline. And there is no doubt that Henry Halleck and George McClellan (with input from Don Carlos Buell, who had access to the telegraph) conspired to see if Ulysses Grant could be removed permanently, replaced by the more highly regarded Charles Ferguson Smith. And there is evidence that General Grant did offer to resign, or at least suggest his transfer out of Halleck's Department, twice, during this brief period (March 3rd until March 13.) But it is also known that U.S. Grant kept his own counsel; and only opened himself to his family (Julia) and closest associates (Rawlins, Hillyer, Lagow... and eventually William Tecumseh Sherman). And Colonel Thayer from Nebraska does not present as member of Grant's "inner circle." So it is one of those mysteries: "How did John Thayer really come across his story?" Did he overhear Grant talking to Rawlins? Did he overhear Rawlins talking to Hillyer? Because there is every likelihood that Colonel Thayer, despite his claim, did not receive Grant's "confession" first-hand. My considered opinion... Ozzy Reference: Papers of US Grant vol.4 page 331 and 334 and notes of page 352.
  11. [Above map found on page 8 of New York Herald of 29 SEP 1861 and is in Public Domain.] It is significant because the Rebel incursion into Kentucky had occurred earlier in the month, followed by General Grant's occupation of Paducah on September 6th. The New York Herald provided its readers with visual representation of the areas of importance; and inadvertently highlighted the foci of armed conflict to come, and staging areas for imminent offensive operations: Fort Columbus; New Madrid, Missouri (and the swamp General Pope had to march through to reach New Madrid for the Island No.10 campaign); Cairo Illinois (staging site for Naval operations and Army troop transports); Smithland; the locations of Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, Belmont (although not marked, easy enough to figure out due to state boundary lines and the siting of Columbus Kentucky.) One can never have too many maps... https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030313/1861-09-29/ed-1/seq-8/ New York Herald of 29 SEP 1861.
  12. Shortly after General Ulysses S. Grant captured Fort Donelson in mid-February 1862, his superior, Henry Halleck, ordered Grant’s main force on an expedition up the Tennessee River under a subordinate, General Charles Smith. Grant was to remain downriver at Fort Henry. He was certainly not, however, “virtually in arrest and without a command,” as claimed in his Personal Memoirs. Such noted biographers as Ron Chernow, Dr. Brooks Simpson, and Bruce Catton have repeated the story of Colonel John Thayer, who supposedly called to see General Grant at this point. A tearful Grant “said mournfully: ‘I don’t know what they mean to do with me…. What command have I now?’” The source of this account came from Hamlin Garland, one in the long line of biographers who have taken Grant’s side on issue after issue, despite clearly contradictory evidence. McClure’s Magazine lauded the “new and valuable material” that Garland found about Grant’s life and stated one reason that they chose Garland to write: “he has always loved and admired Grant.” Garland claimed that his intention was to “keep as closely to original sources as possible,” and he interviewed hundreds of people. Notwithstanding this assurance, he was dismissive of interviewees who were critical of Grant. A different problem existed with the narrative that Thayer provided Garland. The transcript reads: “I never shall forget the expression of sadness on Grant’s face as I called at his headquarters at Fort Henry to say goodbuy[sic] before going up the river. He was compelled to witness the departure of the Army of the Tennessee which he had organized and which was now under the command of General Smith. The army which he had handled so splendidly and so successfully at Henry and Donelson. [Next paragraph] In a couple of weeks, Grant came to see Smith at Crump’s landing. I saw he was in great depression of spirits. He referred to his humiliating position and drew from his pocket a dispatch which he handed to me to read. It was a curt message from Halleck which said: ‘Why don’t you report?’ As I handed the dispatch back, I raised my eyes and saw the tears coursing down his face, as he uttered these sorrowful words: ‘l don’t know what they intend to do with me. I have sent in my reports daily.’ and then he added: ‘But what command have I now?’” Therein lies a huge discrepancy. After having been instructed to remain at Fort Henry on March 4th, Grant had made explanations about his shortcomings to Halleck, who reversed his decision. Two weeks later, Grant was upriver and in command of the expedition. Any meeting with Thayer at Crump’s Landing—where part of Grant’s main force was stationed at this time—could not have Grant bemoaning, “what command have I now?” Thayer’s anecdote can not have happened as he described it to Garland. More dismaying is how Garland did not let this obvious inaccuracy get in the way. His book, Ulysses S. Grant: His Life and Character, twisted Thayer’s text so that Grant was apparently left behind downriver when he complained of having no command: “One of his subordinates called to see him at Fort Henry, and was much moved by the expression of deep sadness on the face of his general. He was in great dejection. The army he had organized and led so splendidly was passing out of his hands. ‘After alluding to his position, the general took from his pocket Halleck’s curt despatch. When his friend looked up from reading it he saw tears on General Grant’s face. He said mournfully: “I don’t know what they mean to do with me.” Then he added with a sad cadence in his voice: ‘What command have I now?’” Catton and Simpson cited Ulysses S. Grant: His Life and Character in this matter and may have been fooled by Garland’s falsehood. Ron Chernow, on the other hand, cited USC’s Hamlin Garland Papers. With the transcript—and a basic knowledge of the chronology between the Battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh—he should have understood the utter implausibility of Thayer’s rendering. So, unless other evidence exists showing otherwise, this episode should be considered mythical.
  13. Mona, you are correct! Thanks for persisting with this Quiz Question, one that has been a puzzle for many years (after uncovering the posted Battle Honors for 5th Ohio Cavalry and the 72nd Ohio Infantry and struggling to determine where the reputed engagement took place, and with whom.) Surprisingly, the engagement in question links to the Picket Skirmish of 4 April 1862 (which for the longest time was assumed to have taken place further south “on the road to Corinth.”) But while investigating the physical location of the Picket Skirmish versus Clanton's Alabama Cavalry it was realized that there were multiple roads to Corinth (all referred to as Corinth Road by William T. Sherman, the acting camp commander.) There was the Main Corinth road and the East Corinth Road, with which we are all familiar. There was a Corinth Road leading from Hamburg (which is a major reason why General Grant was intending to locate Buell's campground for the Army of the Ohio in vicinity of Hamburg.) And the fourth Corinth Road was the one that ran south from Adamsville, passed adjacent to Mickey's, through to Monterey and south. And this fourth Corinth Road was bolstered by a spur that ran northeast towards Stoney Lonesome, an improvement completed by late March 1862 which became known as the Shunpike. Until 3 April 1862, with the River Road impassable due to the flooded Snake Creek (making Wallace Bridge unusable) the Corinth Road running north past Mickey's with deviation right onto the Shunpike, became the quickest route to Crump's Landing from Corinth, for anyone so inclined... As a result of the Picket Skirmish of April 4th, fought in vicinity of General Meek's Place, there must have been discussion, “What do we call this engagement?” The Battle of General Meek's Place? The Battle of the Corinth Road? The Battle of the Shunpike? General Grant, as result of the April 4th Picket Skirmish, came to believe Crump's Landing was the proposed target of a Confederate raid (and is one of the reasons no significant orders were issued to Lew Wallace early morning April 6th.) Therefore, since the April 4th engagement COULD be interpreted as disrupting a Rebel movement north towards Stoney Lonesome, it is my interpretation that this is the reason the Picket Skirmish of April 4th was given the more impressive name of 'The Battle of Crump's Landing, Tennessee.' Cheers Ozzy References: SDG topic “General Meek's Place” [especially Atwell Thompson map]. SDG topic “Friday 4 April 1862 and the Picket Skirmish”
  14. ok i have gone to the Park..t. Arnold and T Smith helped me..both the 5th oh cav and 72nd oh inf were involved in a skirmish on the 4th with rebel cav...location?? maybe they used crump landing as they only knew of that location where they were based out of at that time? buckland does mention action with the rebels in his or report on the 4th..
  15. [Just to provide clarity, the above Regimental Record of the 5th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry is attached (the 5th OVC was the only other Federal regiment credited with involvement in the “Crump's Landing” engagement of April 4th).]
  16. Welcome! We're very glad to have you with us. 🙂
  17. well now i am, comfused..i rad where 72nd was down skirmish fighting around owl creek bridge..not at crump landing..guess ive not heard the rest of the story.
  18. mona

    Hi, everyone!

    you are just getting started..one book will lead to the need to read another!
  19. Ozzy

    Belgian musket

    "We were provided with Belgian rifles which we soon decided were worth more as scrap iron than as weapons of war. In our target practice I soon experienced the worthlessness of the beech-stock-rifles. At a target four hundred yards distance, I missed it by four feet and got knocked down. So we very soon concluded that we need not aspire to sharp shooting in such practice as these afforded. After shooting a few shots our shoulders were so sore that we were unfit for further practice. Our departure for the front was delayed four days by having such guns. Our Colonel went to Chicago to see headquarters regarding the guns and succeeded in having arrangements made for other weapons. Soon we were supplied with new Enfield rifles, and they were splendid guns" -- Corporal Michael Hileman, 96th Illinois Co.H.
  20. One of the speaking phenomenons of the past year or two is Victor Davis Hanson, a university professor from California who possesses vast knowledge of “the classics” of ancient literature; and who also dabbles in farming, and the study of military history. Over the years, Professor Hanson has written a number of books on military engagements, from ancient times to the present day. As an example, “The Ripples of Battle” was published in 2003; and three “historically important contests” were reviewed and examined in order to determine their long-lasting effects on the culture, as well as how they altered the participants. And it turns out that one of the battles discussed is Shiloh. [Hanson indicates he included Shiloh because he has a family connection to Albert Sidney Johnston.] While promoting his book in 2003 Professor Hanson gave a presentation at Santa Cruz, California which devoted nearly the entire hour to Battle of Shiloh and two key men involved (Albert Sidney Johnston and William Tecumseh Sherman). Other participants (U.S. Grant and Lew Wallace) gain an airing. The discussion of Shiloh begins at 13:30 minute mark; Sherman (and Grant) begins at 18 minute mark; 23:20 begins Albert Sidney Johnston; 29:30 begins Lew Wallace: 35:30 begins discussion of Ben-Hur (and how it related to Shiloh, Wallace and Grant); 39:30 begins examination of Nathan Bedford Forrest. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EvBG-H9XqGo cspan2 presentation "Ripples of Battle" by Victor Davis Hanson (added to YouTube 13 OCT 2018.)
  21. Thanks for these details! Pieces of the puzzle that start to form a picture. I like the Dodge staff photo. John King joined Ford's Independent Cavalry. Ford was from Ottawa, Il as was WHL Wallace. Thanks gain for the pains taking research. RBN
  22. And in this Digital Age, there are electronic device accessible databases that assist with marker location: https://www.tracesofwar.com/sights/100038/Where-is-General-WHL-Wallaces-2nd-Division-Headquarters-Marker.htm European system, relatively new, but gives detailed information. A work-in-progress that should improve over time (as there is increasing interest in American Civil War in Europe.) https://www.hmdb.org/m.asp?m=21840 HMdb has been around for a while, and its information is pretty good. http://www.shilohbattlefield.org/searchops.html Shiloh Battlefield Markers. The most accurate and complete database.
  23. Battlefield America prints a series of these maps. You can get them from www.trailheadgraphics.com. You can usually find them at the bookshop at the Shiloh VC (that's the Visitors' Center for those of us in the know). Don't leave home without one!
  24. What's the name of the printed map that contains all the marker locations by number, and where can the map be obtained?
  25. Southern Bivouac Monthly (1882 – 1887) Much like the Union Veteran's National Tribune, the Southern Bivouac provided a forum for Southern Veterans wanting to air views on battles and leaders. Published by the Southern Historical Association of Louisville, Kentucky from 1882 until 1887 the monthly magazine benefited from the quality of its editors: Wm. N. McDonald, R. W. Knott and Basil Duke. All six volumes are available at HathiTrust at the below link: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002909878 Southern Bivouac Monthly Magazine And for SDG readers, these are some of the most interesting articles: Vol.1 – “General John H. Morgan” (pp.45 – 49; 149 – 151); Island No.10 (pp.55 – 62); Morgan's Men and the Camp Douglas Conspiracy (pp.65 – 67). Vol.2 – “General Joseph Wheeler” (pp.240 – 244); “General Cheatham” (pp.145 – 150); “General N. B. Forrest” (pp.289 – 298; 337 - 345 ); Shiloh by editor (pp. 150 – 162); Shiloh by Basil Duke (pp.201 – 216); “Bagwell vs. Hicks: Two Illinois men meet at Shiloh” (pp.270 – 1.) Vol.3 – “Grant at Shiloh” (pp.305 – 307); “Incident at Shiloh” (pg.418). Vol.4 – “Morgan's Escape” by Thos. Hines (pp.49 – 60); Grant as General (pp.60 – 62). “Liddell's Record of the Civil War – A.S. Johnston vs. President Davis” (pp.411 – 420). Vol.5 – “Grant vs. Lee: a comparison” (pp.279 – 283); A.S. Johnston (pp.320 – 325). Vol.6 – “INDEX” (pp.777 – 1050). N.B. The run of Southern Bivouac ended in 1887 by being sold to Century Magazine. Additional Note: To easily find a subject of interest, select a volume; SEARCH for topic in that volume (i.e. Shiloh, or Morgan, or Bragg); select one of the HITS returned. This will have to be done for each of the six volumes. [Alternatively, an INDEX is included in Volume SIX beginning page 777.]
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