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  2. Three Letters from Fort Donelson

    Part of why these three letters from Fort Donelson are special, is that they help "flesh out" two of the significant Federal leaders of the Western Theatre; and these letters reveal details not included in the Official Records. Colonel Lauman's Fort Donelson report (OR 52 pages 9- 11) : http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0109;node=waro0109%3A2;view=image;seq=17;size=100;page=root Colonel Tuttle's Fort Donelson report (OR 7 pages 229- 231): http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;q1=Tuttle;rgn=full text;idno=waro0007;didno=waro0007;node=waro0007%3A2;view=image;seq=245;page=root;size=100 Ozzy
  3. The first letter is dated 17 FEB 1862, and is from Colonel Jacob Lauman: "Dear Wife, I am again safe. My life is still prolonged. Let me hope it is for some good purpose. We have had a great battle, the fight lasting for three days, but you will hear of it, and the great result to flow out of it long before this reaches you. I commanded the Fourth Brigade of the Second Division and my command made their mark... Poor Jack Slaymaker was killed, gallantly leading his men to the charge on the last day -- indeed, the only day the Second Iowa were in the engagement. Captain Cloutman fell, also bravely doing his duty. Harry [Doolittle] was wounded very severely, but the surgeons say he will recover. I left my command to see him and poor Jack last evening -- I have ordered Jack's remains to be properly cared for, to send home to his parents, and will see that it is done properly, although my time is so occupied I have scarcely time to write this note, nor do I know when or how it will leave here. I am now in command of Fort Donelson, and my brigade are quartered in the fortifications. We will be ordered forward soon, I hope, and I sincerely hope our success will be the harbinger of a speedy close of the horrid rebellion. I received your two letters just before we were ordered into action, and I had to laugh over your congratulations at my good quarters in Smithland [Kentucky] when for two nights I had been camped under a tree, and it raining and snowing on me, without a tent. But my health is improving, and my cold, under which I have been suffering, is getting better. General Smith (Paducah Smith) is a good soldier. The reputation of the Iowa Seventh is as bright as ever, although their loss is trifling. The State may well be proud of her troops. I lost all my bedding yesterday, and doubt very much if I find it again. We marched out of camp leaving everything behind, and our friends helped themselves. I will look after Harry -- I think he will do well. Dr. Marsh says the wound in his stomach did not penetrate far enough for it to do any serious injury. I trust this may be so. He is in good spirits and bore his flag like a hero. Love to all. Good bye. Yours affectionately, J.G. Lauman" The second letter, also from Colonel Lauman, is dated 19 FEB 1862: "Dear Brother, The battle is fought, the dead are buried and the wounded cared for, and we are again settling down to the old routine of military discipline. But what a scene to have passed through, and what a victory we have won! We have already sent off 8000 or 9000 prisoners, and we have more yet to send. But such a lot of humanity I never saw before -- all butternut color; but they can shoot, as many of our boys can testify. I have made my report to General Smith, which I suppose will be published, and before this reaches you, you will know more about the battle than I do. I have already seen that the Iowa Seventh was all cut up on the first day's fight. I hope you did not let any of these [false] reports disturb you. We did have a hard time: for three days we lay in the open air without tents, and some without blankets, raining and snowing all night. The last night we remained under arms all night, prepared to repel an assault; but when morning came -- and oh! how long it was in coming -- the enemy attracted our attention to their white flag, and I received proposals for capitulation, which we promptly forwarded to General Smith, and through him to General Grant. General Grant refused terms and insisted on unconditional surrender, and an hour was given them to consider. At the end of that time the loud shouts of the men gave indications that the surrender was unconditional. Then commenced the rejoicing. I claimed for my brigade the right to enter first, which was accorded; when with drums beating and colors flying we entered the fort. The Rebels were drawn up in line, with their arms in great heaps, and looked quite woe-begone, I assure you, as the victors passed along. My brigade is in the fort, of which I have command. General Smith's division is quartered all around about. The fortifications extend over the country for miles, and the other division of the army encamped at other points. The greatest loss was on our right, in General McClernand's division. The enemy endeavored to cut through at that point, and fought with great desperation -- loss very heavy. But you know all this and more, and this will be stale news to you. I found the pistols I lost at Belmont at Fort Donelson... if not the same, then others just as good. Captain R_____ will return to Burlington, he informed me to-day, for a short time. So he informed me, but he may not be able to get off. If he does, I will send a flag -- Secesh -- captured in the fort. They either destroyed or secreted their flags, as none could be found. I have not yet seen the reports of my commanding officer, but General Grant has caused a highly complimentary order to be read to the troops. General Smith is a good officer, and as brave as a lion. I am proud to be under him. I had a good brigade, and I believe they like me. I hope the rebellion will receive such a shock from this that they will not be able to hold up their heads for some time to come. I am obliged to Jenny for her kind and very acceptable letter, and hope she will write again. I received a letter from Governor Kirkwood covering the resolutions of the legislature of Iowa, and had them read to my regiment last evening. Tell Lou that Harry Doolittle is doing well. I went to the boat to see him, but it had started before I got there. He will remain for the present at Paducah, I suppose. I met, as I was on my way to Dover, where the boat was lying, Doctors Marsh and Nassau of Iowa Second, who gave me this information. Among the hundreds of wounded and dead, it is almost impossible to keep the whereabouts of anyone. I must now bring this to a close. Let Lou [Lauman's wife] see this, and it will be the same as if I had written to her. Captain Slaymaker's remains were forwarded to St. Louis for preparation to send home. I cut off a lock of his hair and sent it to Betty, fearing something might happen and the coffin be unable to be opened when it arrived home. Give my love to all, and if anything should befall me, take good care of wife and little ones, and believe me to be your affectionate brother, Jacob." The third letter is from Colonel James Tuttle, 2nd Iowa Infantry, dated 18 FEB 1862: [All three letters found in Iowa in War Times by SHM Byers (1905) http://archive.org/stream/iowainwartimes02byer#page/n123/mode/2up ]
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  5. Cpt. John Morrow Hedrick, Company K, 15th Iowa Infantry

    Another image of Hedrick
  6. Boring letters.

    thanks..i will give this a try
  7. Buell Wins Shiloh

    Rbn3 Thanks for confirming that the original Volume 2 was "lost along the way" to creating the more concise summary of 1963. Another unexpected place to find Battle of Shiloh information is in the 1963 Volume 8 -- Gulf and Inland Waters. Beginning on page 28 is the claim, "Lieutenant Gwin proceeded to Pittsburg Landing on March 1st." Then a gap follows (to allow details of the Island No.10 Operation to be examined.) Re-commencing page 36 is a two-page explanation of how the U.S. Navy (in cooperation with Stephen Hurlbut and William Nelson) won the Battle of Shiloh: the Navy's important role confirmed by U.S. Grant and PGT Beauregard (page 38). Most enlightening in Volume 8 pages 90 - 91 are "all the excuses" given by Mahan why Vicksburg was not subjugated May/June 1862 (while leaving out the real reasons...) Ozzy
  8. Buell Wins Shiloh

    Why read the Reader's Digest version when the real 1881 version is available, including Fort Henry to Corinth (Vol 2)? https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000339399
  9. Buell Wins Shiloh

    For those who enjoy "alternative views of history" the attached link leads to a 9-volume examination of Campaigns of the Civil War. Originally devised in 1880 (and published as a 13-volume set) this HathiTrust version is dated 1963 with a view to "reduce the unwieldy number of volumes for a modern-day reader not so accepting of multiple-volume histories as was the reader of two generations ago." http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39076006502236;view=1up;seq=37 Of particular interest is the chapter "Concentration at Nashville" (to be found in the above link to Volume 4 pages 21 - 31). Beginning with an explanation of how and why Don Carlos Buell occupied Nashville, the chapter presents a solid biography of General Buell leading up to his taking command of the Army of the Ohio; and includes a brief explanation and history of each of the Divisions (and their commanders) functioning as components of that army. On page 27, the reader is introduced to the claim that, "General Buell wrote at length to Henry Halleck on January 3rd 1862 proposing a joint campaign against the enemy involving Federal movements up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers." On page 29, the positioning of Buell's forces at Nashville is examined, preparatory to the Campaign against Corinth. Also on page 29 is the following: "Buell's Army, after crossing Duck River, pressed rapidly forward" (without any mention of the delay, or possible effects on April 6th.) And the reader is left with the impression (upon review of page 30) that Buell and his fellows won the Battle of Shiloh (because all mentions of U.S. Grant and the Army of the Tennessee appear to be purely accidental.) A bit tongue-in-cheek, this post is presented as evidence of the danger of "summarizing History too much" ...because on page 30 the reader is invited to "review the Battle of Shiloh in more detail," yet that original Volume 2 appears to be one of the "extraneous volumes" deleted for benefit of the "overwhelmed reader of Civil War history." What remains in this 1963 version of Campaigns of the Civil War is an Eastern Theatre-focused examination of the Civil War that many of us were exposed to during our schooling in the 1960 - 1980s (and which Shiloh Discussion Group is attempting to redress.) Cheers Ozzy Reference: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009915611 1963 version of Campaigns of the Civil War, edited and published (1881-1883) by Thomas Yoseloff (with subject of volumes and contributors to those volumes as indicated): Outbreak of Rebellion (from Sumter to Bull Run) by John G. Nicolay, Secretary to President Lincoln Peninsula Campaign of George B. McClellan by Alexander Webb Antietam and Fredericksburg by Francis W. Palfrey Army of the Cumberland (from Crazy Sherman to success at Chattanooga) by Henry M. Cist Atlanta (from Chattanooga to Sherman's Conquest) by Jacob D. Cox Shenandoah Valley (1864) by George E. Pond The Blockade and the Cruisers by James R. Soley The Gulf and Inland Waters by Alfred Thayer Mahan [this chapter is where Fort Henry, Fort Donelson and the Navy at Shiloh is discussed] Atlas.
  10. Boring letters.

    Mona I assume you are referring to Benjamin Boring's letter of 12 September 1862 (which I attempted to "save as" ...and print ...and all I got was a yellow square.) However, each page of Boring's letter is transcribed at bottom of each page: if you drag your mouse over the text of the transcript, you can "copy," and then "paste" that bit of the transcript to an existing Word Document. Not as pretty as the original cursive handwritten letter, but better than nothing. All the best Ozzy
  11. Boring letters.

    Ozzy...do you know how I can print off the Britton Lane section? I will see a gentleman this sat. that lives there and does alot with the battlefield history. Mona
  12. Boring letters.

    Mona You are correct: Sergeant Boring provides a compelling account of the September 1862 action at Britton's Lane (which pitted perhaps 3000 Confederate cavalry from a variety of units, under command of BGen Frank Armstrong against 1500 - 2000 men under overall command of Colonel Elias Dennis, in charge of a combined force of infantry (20th Illinois and 30th Illinois), cavalry (4th Ohio and some of the 4th Illinois) and one section of artillery (two guns of Gumbart's Battery E of the 2nd Illinois). The OR 17 (part 2) pages 180 - 197 contains important details of the lead-up to Britton's Lane (the Federal emphasis on rebuilding railroads, and the Confederate success at denying use of those railroads... and, most importantly, U.S. Grant's request for more Federal cavalry to combat the sizable-and-growing force of Confederate cavalry; and Halleck's denial of that request (page 182); and Halleck's admission (page 186) in a letter to Sherman in August 1862 that, "things are not going well in the West"). For reports (both sides) of the aftermath of Britton's Lane see OR 17 (part 1) pages 43 - 51. And for the best overall summary of the Battle of Britton's Lane: http://www.brittonlane1862.madison.tn.us/battle_history.htm The Battle of Britton's Lane may be considered a Federal victory (because Union forces were in possession of the battlefield when the fighting was over); or it may be considered a "costly, but successful Confederate raid" because of the capture of Gumbart's artillery, as well as over 200 Union soldiers taken prisoner; the capture or destruction of much of the Federal supply train; and the "tearing up" of a mile of track and destruction of railroad bridges. Cheers Ozzy References: http://www.civilwar.org/visit/heritage-sites/britton-lane-battlefield Brief summary of Britton's Lane http://visions.indstate.edu:8888/cdm/ref/collection/vcpl/id/3337 Letter of Sergeant Boring dated 12 SEP 1862 http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;q1=Dennis;rgn=full text;idno=waro0024;didno=waro0024;node=waro0024%3A2;view=image;seq=70;page=root;size=100 OR 17 parts one and two
  13. Boring letters.

    these are interesting esp his account of the battle at britton lane
  14. Boring letters.

    Whether by accident or design, Terre Haute Indiana not only found itself on the National Road (leading from Cumberland Maryland to St. Louis Missouri -- today's Route 40), but Terre Haute sits within a stone's throw of Illinois. That accidental location led to many Indiana citizens joining an infantry regiment associated with Crawford County, Illinois... or more particularly, a regiment associated -- by design -- with a brigade created by Illinois Congressman John McClernand, consisting of the 27th, 30th and 31st Illinois Infantry regiments. One of these "Indiana soldiers" serving Illinois was Benjamin Franklin Boring, who joined the 30th Illinois, Company D, at the age of 21 in August 1861. Rapidly advancing to Corporal, Benjamin Boring first saw action at Belmont; then was "part of the reserve" supporting the 8th Illinois (as part of Oglesby's Brigade) at Fort Donelson. The March 29th 1862 letter from Corporal Boring to his friend, Will Jones of Robinson Illinois, describes the visual scars of battle still evident in the landscape around Fort Donelson; the onset of illness (so severe that at one point only eleven men of 81 could report for duty in Company D); and following the battle, several regiments were sent to garrison Clarksville (which is where Benjamin Boring hopes his regiment will be sent, not really fond of his current location... although he indicates that he "has taught himself to play the piano tolerably well" by making use of the piano found in an abandoned house near Dover.) http://visions.indstate.edu:8888/cdm/ref/collection/vcpl/id/3337 [Letter of 29 March 1862, courtesy of Wabash Valley Visions and Voices of Indiana Libraries.] At the time of Corporal Boring's letter, Major General McClernand's original brigade had been comprehensively removed from his control: the 30th Illinois was on garrison duty at Fort Donelson; the 31st Illinois was also on garrison duty at Fort Donelson; and the 27th Illinois was taking part in the Operation against Island No.10. Following the Battle of Shiloh, the 30th Illinois and 31st Illinois reported to Pittsburg Landing and became part of McClernand's Reserve (Sergeant Benjamin Boring has a number of letters written from Jackson Tennessee: the letter dated 27 May 1862 is most revealing.) The 27th Illinois also joined the Crawl to Corinth, but remained part of Pope's Army of the Mississippi. Sergeant Boring continued to write letters (and contributed stories to Illinois and Indiana newspapers) until his muster-out at expiry of his three-years' term of service in 1864. Many of those letters are to be found at the listed online site (with some of the most interesting detailing his involvement with the Vicksburg -- Raymond -- Champion Hills campaign.) Cheers Ozzy References: http://visions.indstate.edu:8888/cdm/ref/collection/vcpl/id/3337 Letters of Benjamin F. Boring 30th Illinois Co.D http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/26334910/benjamin-f-boring Benjamin Boring at find-a-grave http://www.vigo.lib.in.us/archives/inventories/wars/civilwar/boring.php Benjamin Boring bio at Vigo County Library
  15. Fort Donelson

    Soldiers killed and wounded at Fort Donelson
  16. Illinois Officers

    Ozzy, thank you so much buddy. You are a fountain of information my friend. My gosh you're able to dig up some neat stuff!
  17. Friends march to Corinth

    Another friend (USMA Class of 1829) who marched to Corinth was Thomas A. Davies, who arrived at Pittsburg Landing after April 14th 1862 (at the request of U.S. Grant -- see Papers of US Grant vol.5 page 44) and was installed as Commander of the Second Division, replacing the unfortunate General WHL Wallace. (See Special Orders No.54 of 14 April 1862, signed by John Rawlins -- Papers Of US Grant vol.5 page 44.) Brigadier General Davies was a veteran of Bull Run, where he commanded a Brigade of General Mile's Fifth Division. After Bull Run, Davies was assigned responsibility for the defense of Union-occupied Alexandria Virginia (just across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.) at which place he was serving until called west to join the Army of the Tennessee. Unfortunately, at the end of May 1862 the heat, poor food and bad water caught up with General Davies as the Conquest of Corinth loomed... and in early June he was forced to take a Leave of Absence in an attempt to restore his damaged health. And the departure of Thomas Davies opened the door for "another friend" ...who was not required to march to Corinth, but merely was "parachuted in" -- Edward Otho Cresap Ord, USMA Class of 1839 (same West Point class as Henry Halleck.) At the commencement of the Civil War, Captain EOC Ord was serving in the Pacific Northwest; and after the Disaster at Bull Run he was called east and installed as a Brigade Commander in the badly-requiring-organization Army of the Potomac. Apparently, Ord's efforts were noticed: he was promoted to Brigadier General of Volunteers, effective 14 September 1861; and on December 20th General Ord's force of approx. 5000 men was accorded credit for the victory over General J.E.B. Stuart (4000 men) at Dranesville Virginia. Promoted to Major General of Volunteers effective 2 May 1862, Edward Ord was serving as Division commander in the Department of the Rappahannock when he received orders to head west and join Halleck's Army at Corinth. Major General Ord arrived in Mississippi in time to replace Major General George Thomas as commander of the Post of Corinth, effective 22 June 1862. [As for Thomas Davies, he recovered from his illness and returned to the Army of the Tennessee in time to assist Edward Ord at the September 19th 1862 Battle of Iuka.] Just a bit more of the story... Ozzy References: Papers of US Grant vol. 5 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Corinth_Union_order_of_battle (see Right Wing, AoT 2nd Division commander) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/Army/USMA/Cullums_Register/565*.html Thos. Davies career http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/Army/USMA/Cullums_Register/1002*.html EOC Ord's career http://www.encyclopediavirginia.org/Army_of_the_Potomac Army of the Potomac at Encyclopedia of Virginia
  18. Illinois Officers

    Just a couple more useful sources... because Illinois had so many regiments of infantry, artillery and cavalry at Shiloh; many of the Federal leaders were from Illinois: http://alplm-cdi.com/chroniclingillinois/search?query=Marsh&query_type=exact_match&record_types[0]=Item&page=3 Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, with the Search Box permitting access to persons and documents (and images) not to be found anywhere else. (Unfortunately, no image of Colonel Marsh.) http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi= Bibliography of Illinois Regiments. Updated frequently, this reference lists mostly regiment-specific sources of information: diaries and regimental histories, and most dated before 1920. These can usually be found in their entirety on HathiTrust and archive.org. (And this reference is particularly useful for finding sketches and CDVs/photographs, which are often included inside the listed resources.) Eight resources are listed for "20th Illinois Infantry" and I have not been able to investigate them all (so it is possible an image of Colonel C.C. Marsh resides in one of these.) Cheers Ozzy N.B. Just remembered... probably the most famous member of the 20th Illinois Infantry (before he transferred to 2nd Illinois Light Artillery, Battery F) was John Wesley Powell. There are any number of CDVs/photographs of Powell (and Powell and Colonel Marsh appear to have been "out West" at the same time, after the Civil War concluded, so it is not impossible that they "ran into each other.") In addition, Powell and Marsh served in Missouri together in 1861 (so perhaps a Missouri online site possesses a picture of the two men together, possibly at Cape Girardeau.) http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/resources Missouri State Archives (and research portal) http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/poets/m_r/merwin/jwpowell.htm brief bio of John Wesley Powell
  19. Illinois Officers

    Billy Thought I would have a go at finding that picture... and was amazed at my lack of success. First, I tried Wikipedia (and found the bio of Charles Carroll Marsh to be incomplete.) Then I tried Google Images: and although there are CDVs of other members of the Marsh family on offer, there are none featuring C. Carroll Marsh. http://www.findagrave.com Next attempted "find-a-grave" and searched Cook County and Chicago for burial site. With no result, expanded the search to all of Illinois; and although found "C. Carroll Marsh, died 1908" and "Charles C. Marsh, died 1907" neither of these are Colonel C. Carroll Marsh, formerly of 20th Illinois Infantry. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov The Library of Congress online newspaper collection at Chronicling America offers (free) access to back-issues of newspapers, that may be searched by State of publication for the information desired. Just under the heading, "Humanties: Chronicling America" is "Search pages." By entering Illinois and 1862 and 1863 and Carroll Marsh into the four boxes below "Search pages," and pressing "GO" I received the following hits: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/search/pages/results/?state=Illinois&date1=1862&date2=1863&proxtext=Carroll+Marsh&x=14&y=16&dateFilterType=yearRange&rows=20&searchType=basic [The entry for April 19th 1862 contains a "Listing of killed and wounded officers from Battle of Shiloh" that records Colonel C. Carroll Marsh among the "wounded," (without revealing the nature of his wound.)] But the most revealing detail of the Chronicling America search of Illinois newspapers -- out to 1917 -- lies in the fact nothing comes back "as a hit" on Colonel C. Carroll Marsh after 1864. http://www.familysearch.org/search Next went over to the (free) family heritage site -- Family Search -- and entered "Charles Carroll" and "Marsh" born New York 1827 to 1831; resident of Chicago Illinois 1858 to 1871: United States records -- Search -- and the following results were returned: an 1860 Chicago census (with Charles C. Marsh -- misspelled Marshe -- and wife Harriet, with three children) and a number of Alameda California voting registration documents, the last being dated 1896. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov Returned to Chronicling America, and searched the California newspapers: in Search pages, entered California and 1891 and 1917 and Carroll Marsh into the four boxes, and pressed, "GO" ...and this came back. The San Francisco Call for Tuesday, October 4th 1904 page 14, column 3 "Died" and column 4 "Marsh, Charles C., Colonel 20th Illinois Volunteer Infantry, beloved husband of Harriet Cooley Marsh and father of Mrs. C.J. Mattison of Oswego New York [two other adult children also listed], passed away October 2nd 1904 in East Oakland [funeral details and "private burial" indicated.] http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85066387/1904-10-04/ed-1/seq-14/#date1=1888&index=6&rows=20&words=Carroll+Marsh&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=California&date2=1917&proxtext=Carroll+Marsh&y=15&x=15&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1 The above information recorded to illustrate how this search may be attempted. Once it was determined that Colonel C. C. Marsh resigned in 1863 and settled in California (in or near Alameda), and died in California in 1904, the ability to uncover a "family photograph" presents, either at find-a-grave, some California library, his California workplace, or in possession of family members (possibly not published on the Internet, but likely in existence.) Happy Hunting! Ozzy N.B. Of course, now that "Harriet" is known to be his wife, with residence in California, and death date October 1904, a more thorough Family Search investigation may be attempted (and perhaps "place of business" or "political offices held" will return as a "hit" and allow search of those sites for photos... Update: although unable to find Colonel Marsh's grave (as yet) here is Harriet Cooley Marsh at find-a-grave. http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/180219283/herriett-marsh
  20. Mona Correct. (We augmented our celebration with a trip to Adelaide Zoo.) As concerns the rest of Australia... the U.S. Government Diplomatic Mission in Canberra has its way(s) of celebrating. And the Island of Norfolk (technically under Australian Administration): as well as being the home of descendants of the HMS Bounty Mutiny, became a home-of-sorts to American sealers and whalers two centuries ago... and those men brought the Celebration of Thanksgiving with them. Norfolk Island has Thanksgiving as an official holiday. Cheers Ozzy
  21. maybe ozzy's home.
  22. Illinois Officers

    Does anyone have a picture of Col. C. Carroll Marsh? I cannot find a picture of that man anywhere. He was eventually promoted to brigadier general if that helps, though the appointment was later withdrawn. He came up through the 20th Illinois Infantry eventually becoming its colonel before eventual promotion to brigadier general. He was born in Oswego, New York but must have moved in childhood to Illinois I suppose.
  23. Col. Thomas D. Sedgwick, 2nd Kentucky Infantry US

    Another view of Sedgwick
  24. It seemed timely to revisit this topic, initiated by Manassas1 in 2014, because the Federal soldiers at Shiloh did not celebrate the National Holiday of Thanksgiving... until 1863. By Proclamation of President Lincoln, the date of that Holiday (first observed in 1863, and subsequently) was to be "the last Thursday in November." There was one controversial "adjustment" made in 1939 (during the FDR Administration) with a Law being passed a few years later, making that adjustment official... and the date is celebrated in accordance with that Law to this day: on the fourth Thursday in November. [Just a bit of trivia: here in Australia, Thanksgiving is not a National Holiday. But there are parts of Australia that celebrate, regardless. Any guesses where?] Regards (and Happy Thanksgiving!) Ozzy Reference: http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/fdr-establishes-modern-thanksgiving-holiday FDR adjustment to Thanksgiving
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