Ozzy

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  1. And here's another sketch by the same artist (of a Southern General who played a prominent role at Shiloh): (just one of over 1000 sketches attributed to this sketch artist, on file at Library of Congress...) Ozzy
  2. Here's an easy one (as only a handful of sketch artists are known to have worked in vicinity of Pittsburg Landing, April 1862): Name the artist of the above sketch (first and last name.) Good luck... Ozzy
  3. Here's a hint... "Position of Fort Henry on the Tennessee River" done by the same sketch artist (whose signature appears in bottom right corner.) The significance of this sketch artist -- not generally known to have ever operated outside the Eastern Theatre -- is that he is acknowledged as one of "the preeminent sketch artists of the war." His completed works (done from quick sketches, such as this Fort Henry image) featured in the New York Illustrated News and Harper's Weekly. Ozzy
  4. Rbn3 Was reading through the "German Sons of the Civil War" site... quite an impressive undertaking (and features more German regiments than most folks would realize.) Also found your posted selection of CDVs and details IRT August Willich of interest: I vaguely recall "a third name" being associated with Marx and Engels [and it wasn't "Schapper," as claimed by Wikipedia.] It was "Willich" ...and who would have believed that that third personality wound up in America ...and at the Battle of Shiloh? As I previously made mention, August Willich gained recognition in Lew Wallace's Autobiography (pages 561- 565, where Wallace claims August Willich performed "the most audacious act he witnessed during the War.") Upon review of Lew Wallace's Official Report for Shiloh, Colonel Willich is mentioned again (OR 10 page 191): significant because few officers gain the notice of another Division's commander, and get Mentioned in Despatches. As for Mank, upon review of the German Sons site, found that he had commenced his Civil War career with the 11th Indiana (Lew Wallace's Zouaves) before seeking authority to remove himself and recruit a German Company (that became Company A of the 32nd Indiana.) Of interest for two reasons: most Germans seemed to seek regiment affiliation through the Turners Society, not the Zouave Movement. And then, to become a member of one of the most well-known Zouave regiments -- the 11th Indiana, which fought under Colonel McGinnis Day Two at Shiloh, alongside Willich's 32nd Indiana -- quite a coincidence. Just a few observations, from my reading so far... Ozzy References: http://archive.org/stream/lewwallaceanaut01wallgoog#page/n78/mode/2up/search/Willich http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;q1=Willich;rgn=full text;idno=waro0010;didno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=0209 OR 10 page 191 Report of Colonel McGinnis (Colonel Willich is mentioned in the report of the 11th Indiana, too.) N.B. I recently visited Trier, Germany on a holiday with my daughter. While we scurried from one Roman ruin to the next, the thousands of Chinese tourists we encountered ignored the Romans and sought out the house of "their favorite German."
  5. Born in Baden, German Federation in 1834, Adolph Metzner migrated to America in 1856 ...and raised a company of Turner Society members at Indianapolis (which became Company A of the 32nd Indiana Infantry) Colonel August Willich, commanding. Attached to Army of the Ohio after muster in August 1861, the 32nd Indiana occupied Bowing Green, Kentucky in February 1862 ...stopped briefly in Nashville ...and joined the march south and west to Pittsburg Landing to reinforce U.S. Grant. Reaching the west side of the Tennessee River morning of April 7th, Colonel Willich led his men into a gap between W.T. Sherman and Lew Wallace (and gained the admiration of General Wallace for the gallant conduct of the regiment under fire.) But, most importantly for our purposes: Lieutenant Metzner was a sketch artist, working in pencil of various colors. August Willich at Green River, Kentucky 1862 [by Adolph Metzner] Everywhere the 32nd Indiana went, Metzner managed a sketch (and usually provided a date for the image): "Duck River Bridge at Columbia, March 21st 1862" [important because it shows condition of bridge that delayed Buell and apparent depth of the river.] Also, the other places marched through, and dates, are recorded. As concerns Shiloh, the only images I have encountered (of which there are three) are titled "Casualties." Adolph Metzner must have been astounded by the horror of Pittsburg Landing, as it presented to him: the images are gruesome and graphic. The 32nd Indiana joined Halleck's Crawl to Corinth: Metzner sketched scenes enroute, and ten or more in vicinity of Corinth. In addition, the artist sketched numerous images of soldiers and officers of the 32nd Indiana; sketched W.T. Sherman and U.S. Grant; and reproduced scenes from Chattanooga and Atlanta. In all, the Library of Congress holds over 120 sketches Metzner created during 1861-65 (and a further 70 CDVs that are only accessible at the Library.) Adolph Metzner survived the war, and lived out his life in New Jersey. Upon his death in 1918, his body was returned to Indianapolis for burial. Cheers Ozzy References: http://www.loc.gov/search/?fa=contributor%3Ametzner%2C+adolph&sp=1 Metzner Collection at LOC http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolph_G._Metzner Metzner bio at wikipedia http://32ndindianainfantry.yolasite.com/ 32nd Indiana history (includes CDV of Adolph Metzner)
  6. Having uncovered every Adolph Metzner sketch and collected CDV currently held at LOC (as of June 2017), believed it beneficial to review those images and see what really was held there. As previously mentioned, Metzner sketched the march of Buell's Army of the Ohio (focusing on the 32nd Indiana and McCook's Brigade) beginning with [March 1862] "Alerted Outpost at Nashville." Shortly after commencing the march, Metzner sketched "Wie der Vollmond.." [an image of General McCook on horseback, leading his troops south]. Dated March 20th is "Rough Sketch of Soldiers Walking with Backpacks," followed by "Bluewater Creek" and "Creek near Columbia, Tennessee." On March 21st is "Duck Creek Bridge" ...then a ten-day gap until "Church at Mount Pleasant [April 1st]" and "Ironworks at Waynesboro" [two sketches of the ironworks.] Then another gap until the creation of sketches at Shiloh Battlefield [where Lieutenant Metzner was engaged Day 2]. The above sketches "pinpoint" the route taken by Buell and allow for better understanding of the march accomplished by Army of the Ohio in effecting the crucial join with Grant's Army of the Tennessee. Wie der Vollmond... The Army of the Ohio, on its way to join Grant. [LOC Metzner sketch of March 1862] Ozzy Reference: http://www.loc.gov/photos/?q=Metzner%2C+Adolph&sp=1 Metzner's sketches at LOC
  7. Mona and Rbn3 Tried a different method of searching Library of Congress site... and got back a result with 203 Metzner hits. The CDVs that formerly belonged to Metzner (he did not photograph the persons, but merely did as many soldiers at that time, and collected images of friends and noteworthy persons) are all available for viewing at the attached link, as thumbnails. The itemized contents of his CDV collection are revealed, as are a few additional "works" that did not return with the original 120 from June 16th 2017. Just thought you'd like to know Ozzy Reference: http://www.loc.gov/photos/?q=Metzner%2C+Adolph&sp=6 CDV collection begins page 6- 8 and sketch and works are pages 1- 5. Library of Congress "Photos, Prints, Drawings" for Metzner, Adolph.
  8. Mona Officers often "get the word" that they have been promoted... ahead of the actual, official, notification. In the case of John Hunt Morgan, Major General Hardee recommended (to Albert Sidney Johnston) the elevation of Morgan to Colonel via message sent March 15th 1862. General Johnston must have forwarded that recommendation to Richmond shortly afterwards; the official notification arrived via General Lee's Telegram of April 15th. Why not just make a "field promotion?" The increase in pay that accompanies promotion could only be authorized by the War Department (or in the case of Generals, the Confederate Congress.) Cheers Ozzy Reference: http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar&cc=moawar&idno=waro0010&q1=Dickey&node=waro0010%3A2&view=image&seq=25&size=100 OR 10 page 7 MGen Hardee March 15th report recommends promotion of John Hunt Morgan to Colonel.
  9. John Hunt Morgan, acclaimed Confederate cavalry commander, gained the significant notice of his Federal enemy while operating in vicinity of Union-occupied Nashville; and featured in the March 8th 1862 report of Colonel Jonathan Kennett to General Ormsby Mitchel [OR 10 pages 4- 6]. Captain Morgan's own report (to William Hardee, of March 10th) so impressed the General that he recommended the cavalry officer be promoted to Colonel [OR 10 page 7]. Going from strength to strength, John H. Morgan helped screen the Confederate movement towards Corinth; was available for service at Shiloh [mentioned in despatches of General Hardee]; and led a raid into Kentucky in July 1862 that helped end the career of Don Carlos Buell a few months later. In recognition of his daring, dash and prowess, Harper's Weekly honored "the Bandit" John Hunt Morgan by featuring his image on the cover of the August 16th 1862 edition. In response, the new Confederate version of Harpers Weekly -- The Southern Illustrated News -- featured General Morgan on its cover of September 20th 1862. The Southern Illustrated was published in Richmond by Ayres & Wade from mid-1862 until March 1865. Not much information in regard to Shiloh is featured, but significant military figures made the cover of every edition (as did their biographies.) More and more editions of the Southern Illustrated News are becoming available via archive.org and HathiTrust. Ozzy References: OR 10 pages 4- 7 and 569 http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1862/john-morgan.htm Harper's Weekly cover http://archive.org/details/southernillustrav1n2ayre The Southern Illustrated for Sept 20th 1862 http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/ca08000135/holdings/ Southern Illustrated holdings at USA libraries SDG posts (various) N.B. Apologies to Doctor Hook for use of his title in this post...
  10. Mona Thanks for clarifying that members of the Harrison family lived in the neighborhood; puts the supposition (of possibility of the road being named for Captain Harrison and Major Harrison) to rest. The other bit of information I uncovered: John Wharton was promoted to Colonel in January 1862; N.B. Forrest was promoted to Colonel while he was with his force at Iuka in March 1862; and John Hunt Morgan was considered "a Captain" until April 15th. Therefore, Morgan would have been junior anytime he worked in cooperation with Colonel Forrest (and may have provided an incentive to be "elsewhere..." other side of the battlefield; or other end of the road.) All the best Ozzy Reference: http://civilwar.rosenbach.org/?p=4470 April 15th Telegram Lee to Beauregard (Rosenbach Collection)
  11. On April 26th 1862, after the dust had settled a bit on the momentous contest that had taken place in vicinity of Pittsburg Landing, E. G. Squier, editor of Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, made use of previously published reports by Whitelaw Reid and William C. Carroll -- and eyewitness statements provided by his own reporter on the scene -- and constructed the following article: The Great Battle in the South-West "The long-anticipated great battle in the South-West was fought on the 6th and 7th of April, at a point called Pittsburg Landing, on the Tennessee River, in the south-western portion of the State of Tennessee, near the northern boundary of Mississippi. As regards the numbers engaged, and equally as regards the number of killed and wounded on both sides, this battle ranks as the most serious struggle of the war. It commenced on the morning of Sunday, the 6th, and was protracted over two days, ending on the night of Monday the 7th with the flight of the rebel army, which left its Commander-in-Chief, Maj.-Gen. A.S. Johnston, dead on the field. Considered as a whole, the Battle of Pittsburg Landing may be described as a repetition of Bull Run on a larger scale, but with its results reversed. The enemy here made the attack in superior force, gained an undoubted success on the first day, but were overpowered by reinforcements of the National army on the second day, and driven from the field. Either because the National army was very much cut up, from lack of efficiency in its commanders, or from causes yet to be explained, the retreat of the enemy was little molested -- thus completing the parallel with Bull Run, where the rebels permitted the National forces to fall back undisturbed to their entrenchments. There is much that is unintelligible and unsatisfactory about the affair at Pittsburg Landing, and much which reflects unfavorably upon the generalship displayed by the National commanders. The Union forces on the left bank of the Tennessee River, under Gen. Grant, numbered about 35,000 men. Advancing to his support, from the direction of Nashville, by easy stages, and with that slow deliberation which characterizes all his movements, was that remarkably intelligent and enterprising officer, Gen. Buell, at the head of 40,000 men. In front of Gen. Grant, on the same side of the river, and less than twenty miles distant, were Generals Johnston, Beauregard, Bragg, Polk, and Evans, with the combined rebel forces from Bowling Green, Columbus, Memphis, Pensacola and Mobile, with large augmentations from Virginia, in all at least 100,000 men, massed together with the obvious and avowed purpose of crushing the Northern army by the weight of numbers. All this was known for weeks, and yet Grant's comparatively little army was left at Pittsburg with a river behind it, and Buell loitering by the way, while Maj.-Gen. Halleck, whose duty it was to be with his army, lingered in St. Louis. It was under these circumstances that Johnston, having rapidly concentrated his forces, resolved upon the very natural expedient of massing his army on Grant, overwhelm him, and then cut off Buell the Tardy. It is astounding that Gen. Grant did not anticipate and in some way provide against a movement which the smallest modicum of common sense, to say nothing of military knowledge, pointed out so clearly as the true one to be made. Yet it is a fact, that the attack on Sunday morning was in every sense a surprise. It does not seem that the ordinary precaution of posting pickets in the direction of the enemy had been adopted. The Pittsburg Landing correspondent of the Chicago Times states positively that our officers were informed by rebel prisoners that an attack would be made on Sunday, "but that no extra measures were taken to guard against surprise." The prevailing impression seems to have been, that the rebels would strengthen their entrenchments at Corinth, and there await the attack of the combined National army. Halleck appears to have been of this belief, Grant certainly acted as if he thought any other policy impossible, and Buell seems to have cared very little about the matter. This blindness, supineness and lack of energy proved nearly fatal to the National cause in the South-West. Had not Johnston been prevented by storms from making his attack earlier, Gen. Grant's division must have inevitably been cut up and captured. As it was, the rebel force, estimated at 90,000 strong, swooped down on Gen. Grant, on Sunday morning, with such rapidity and impetuosity, that the outlying camps were captured almost at the instant; "so quickly," says one correspondent, "that many of the soldiers were taken or slaughtered in their tents." Gen. Prentiss' brigade, on the advance, seems to have been captured bodily. Desperate efforts were made by the National commanders to retrieve themselves, and they and their men fought all day with desperate energy, against the overpowering force of the rebels, flushed with the successes of the morning. But in spite of all their exertions they were gradually driven from their positions back to the river, losing battery after battery, and were only saved from annihilation at nightfall by getting under the protection of the gunboats on the river. The rebels occupied the Union camps, leaving to the morning the consummation of their victory. Their Commander-in-Chief had fallen during the day, but his place was more than filled -- in the rebel estimation -- by Beauregard, who, during the night, telegraphed to the insurgent Government that, under Almighty God, he had "gained a complete victory." His dispatch was as follows: "Battlefield of Shiloh, April 6, via Corinth and Chattanooga -- General S. Cooper, Adjutant-General -- 'We have this morning attacked the enemy in a strong position in front of Pittsburg, and after a severe battle of ten hours, thanks to Almighty God, gained a complete victory, driving the enemy from every position. The loss on both sides is heavy, including our Commander-in-Chief, Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, who fell gallantly leading his troops into the thickest of the fight.' -- G.T. Bearegard, General-Commanding." During the night, however, Gen. Buell's division appeared on the banks of the Tennessee River, behind the shattered Union army, and the work of crossing was commenced. When morning broke, the astounded Beauregard found, to his alarm, that a new army had sprung up as from the ground before him. No time was left him for reflection or preparation, for now it was his turn to be attacked. His reserves were ordered up, and before 10 o'clock the battle became general. At half-past eleven it was at its height, and raged furiously. The commanders on both sides flew to the front and headed the charges of their respective commands. Wallace, Grant, Nelson and McClernand were everywhere, inspiring their men by word and example. At noon the rebels began to fall back, slowly at first, but gradually hastening their movements, abandoning battery on battery more rapidly than they had gained them the day before, until at three o'clock they were in full retreat for Corinth, abandoning their dead and wounded on the field, failing, as we have already said, to carry off the body of their Commander-in-Chief. That the victory rested with the National army is indubitable. How far it may prove to be decisive remains to be seen. That Gen. Grant's division was in imminent danger of being cut to pieces is certain, and that this danger was due partly to blind confidence and want of ordinary provision on his part, but mainly to the inexcusable delay of Gen. Buell in reinforcing him, is clear -- clear, unless additional facts, unknown to the public, shall entirely change the aspect of the whole affair. The losses on both sides were very heavy -- much heavier than in any previous battle of the war. The first reports were vague and exaggerated: "25,000 killed and wounded on the side of the National forces; 30,000 on the part of the enemy." Later reports put the Union loss in killed, wounded and prisoners at 7000; those of the rebels, in killed and wounded alone, at about the same figure. Absurd censorship, or some other cause, has prevented us, at the end of a week, from knowing the exact state of facts. We, however, do know that the rebel Commander-in-Chief was killed; that Gen. Gladden lost an arm; that Gen. Prentiss of the National army was captured; and the gallant Wallace severely wounded. Late reports, vouched for by Gen. Banks, represent Beauregard as severely wounded, and since dead. It will take time to resolve all the conflicting statements and rumors into a consistent and truthful whole. Meantime, it is enough, perhaps, to know that the eagle of victory still perches on our standard! And it only remains for us to add the Proclamation of the President, and the Order of the Secretary of War, called out by the bloody achievement at Pittsburg Landing, and the really great victory won by Com. Foote and Gen. Pope on the Mississippi..." [President Lincoln's Proclamation of Thanks and Secretary Stanton's Summation attached.] Ozzy [Just a few observations, to go with the above article: although written by E.G. Squier, significant input was provided by the sketch artist, Henri Lovie, who sent along his observations (while remaining at Pittsburg Landing, continuing to sketch.) The above article appears on Page One... of the Supplement [a two-volume edition published as No.337 and No.338 on April 26th 1862]. The entirety of Frank Leslie's Illustrated, Edition No.337 is devoted to the Victory at Island No.10 ...with all aspects of that Campaign discussed and sketched. The War Supplement (Edition No.338) has "The Great Battle of the South-West" on its cover, above a sketch of the Victory at Island No.10 -- and on the 4th page of the Supplement, another sketch of a significant operation at Island No.10 (Colonel Robert's Night Raid against the Guns at Fort No.1) attributed to Henri Lovie. In all of the two volumes of the April 26th Edition, the only illustration with a connection to Battle of Shiloh is inadvertent: "F. Munson of Chicago, the Volunteer Nurse (aboard City of Memphis steamer)." The City of Memphis was used as Hospital Boat at Shiloh, after April 6th.] Reference: http://archive.org/stream/franklesliesilluv1314lesl#page/n393/mode/2up "The Great Battle of the South-West" in the War Supplement [Edition No.338] of April 26th 1862 Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, page 396 [401 on page].
  12. Protecting the Rear of the Confederate Withdrawal There is much speculation IRT which cavalry units made up the force that defended the confederate withdrawal to Corinth, beginning afternoon of April 7th and continuing over the next several days. On pages 168 and 169 of William Stevenson's autobiography he lists the Confederate cavalry units known to have participated in defence of that withdrawal: Forrest's, Adam's, and the Texas Rangers. Ozzy
  13. Part of the attraction of the movie starring Tom Hanks revolves around all the personalities encountered and places visited, amid an endless stream of experiences... almost too many to be believed. Now imagine a Civil War tale that revolves around Confederate Department No.2 and includes visits to Memphis, Fort Pillow and Fort Columbus; participation in the Battle of Belmont; duty at Bowling Green (with subsequent evacuation through Nashville to Corinth.) Having met, or become acquainted, with Albert Sidney Johnston, William Hardee and Leonidas Polk, Sergeant William Stevenson is assigned as special ADC to General Breckinridge and acts as courier, delivering reports to Johnston and Beauregard at Shiloh... Thirteen Months in the Rebel Army by William G. Stevenson was published in New York by A.S. Barnes & Burr in September 1862 ...after New Yorker-by-birth Stevenson was able to sever his connection with the Confederate Cause and flee north in June 1862. Cheers Ozzy Reference: http://archive.org/stream/thirteenmonthsin00stev#page/n11/mode/2up 13 Months in the Rebel Army N.B. It is not often that I am so taken with a book that I feel the need to read it again... This is one of those books -- Ozzy.
  14. While researching Adolph Metzner, sketch artist for the 32nd Indiana Infantry, discovered that the 32nd Indiana was a German regiment (initially called "1st Indiana German Regiment") with many members who had prior association with the Turner Society (Turnverein) and their Commanding Officer, Colonel August Willich, made use of the German language, exclusively, when directing the activities of his regiment. The 32nd Indiana was assigned to the Army of the Ohio, 2nd Division (McCook), 6th Brigade (Gibson) and was employed at Shiloh on Day 2 between Lew Wallace's 3rd Division and Sherman's 5th Division. (Lew Wallace made special mention of the impressive performance of Willich's Regiment in his Autobiography.) Prior to his leadership of the 32nd Indiana, August Willich had been Adjutant of the 9th Ohio Infantry (previously mentioned in a post, above.) Initially called the "1st Ohio German Regiment" the 9th OVI was assigned to the Army of the Ohio,1st Division, 3rd Brigade (Robert McCook) and missed participation in Battle of Shiloh because George Thomas was at the back of the line of march from Nashville to Savannah. (The 9th Ohio had "Mill Springs" on their Battle Flag.) The sketches of Adolph Metzner illustrate the uniform worn by the 32nd Indiana: (from Library of Congress) [Although not evident in above image, the wide-brimmed, high crowned hat, as worn by the officer, appears to have gained favor of the enlisted men: later images show almost exclusive wearing of that hat by members of the 32nd Indiana.] Ozzy References: http://www.loc.gov/resource/ppmsca.51219/ Metzner Collection at LOC http://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/imh/article/view/12296/18299 Review of Willich's Gallant Dutchmen http://mki.wisc.edu/sites/mki.wisc.edu/files/Newsletter/MKI_Spring_2011.pdf Newsletter (see pages 12- 13) http://9thohioinfantry.yolasite.com History of 9th OVI (die Neuner) http://32ndindianainfantry.yolasite.com/ History of 32nd Indiana Infantry
  15. As we all know, the pre-war Zouave Movement was well established and expanding; and its popularity was partly in response to a need for 'productive activity' among young men, moving to the city from the country. The Zouaves, with their French/North Africa-inspired uniforms, focused on athleticism, gymnastic drill, group precision, and marksmanship. They also advocated self discipline, and promoted a moral code. One goal of the Zouaves appears to have been 'to make the organization (and its component parts) a focus of admiration and respect among the community-at-large.' Elmer Ellsworth was the face of the Zouave Movement; several Zouave regiments were present at the Battle of Shiloh (both sides.) But there were other organizations that combined athleticism with moral guidance, in a social setting. The first of these was the Turners. Established in 1811 in Berlin as the 'Turnverein,' by Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (the man who, coincidentally, designed gymnastic equipment: parallel bars, horse, rings), the Turner Society found its way to America after the failed Revolutions of 1848. German immigrants, many of whom had participated as Forty-eighters, settled in cities like Boston, Cincinnati, Davenport, St Louis and Milwaukee, and established branches of the Turners. Mostly found in Northern cities, and mostly supportive of the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln, the Turners were very supportive of the Union war effort: offering their Halls as temporary accomodation for mustering troops; getting up companies of 'Germans' for active service. The two best known Union generals with a connection to the Turners (and the Revolutions of 1848) were Franz Sigel and Carl Schurz. But, Turner Society members were present at Shiloh, most significantly as part of the 2nd Iowa, 9th Illinois and 43rd Illinois regiments. The YMCA was founded in London in 1844 by George Williams, who saw 'a need for healthy activities for young tradesmen, drawn to the cities.' By 1851, the YMCA arrived in Boston, with the goal: to develop the whole individual, in mind, body and spirit. Unlike masses of Turners, when the Civil War commenced, most members of the YMCA joined up, North and South, willy-nilly. And, there was a core element of the YMCA, best described as 'pacifist.' Their focus was on spiritual growth. Five thousand of these decided 'non-combatants' became surgeons, nurses and chaplains during the war (possibly the best known being the poet, Walt Whitman.) D.L. Moody helped establish the YMCA at Chicago in the 1850s. After the Battle of Shiloh, Moody joined the United States Christian Commission (which appears to have been affiliated with the YMCA) and conducted many YMCA members to Pittsburg Landing, arriving by April 11th. They returned north aboard paddle steamers, acting as nurses and 'spiritual healers' to the hundreds of wounded men in their care. Ozzy References: http://www.ymca.net/history/1800-1860s.html (YMCA) http://www.ulib.iupui.edu/special/collections/german-american/mss030 (Turner Society) http://www.historynet.com/elmer-ellsworth-and-his-zouaves.htm (Zouave Movement)
  16. Rbn3 Thanks for pointing out the existence of Civil War Letters from the 32nd Indiana Infantry by Joseph Reinhardt (2006). Will have to track that down and have a look... as well as the German-language newspaper you site (Täglicher Telegraph? ) While reviewing Metzner's sketches, noticed that many included descriptions and comments scribbled in German. Perhaps the difficulty presented (necessity of translation) is what kept Metzner's work (and the German-language letters of members of the 32nd Indiana) out of public view... until 2006. Regards Ozzy
  17. Ron Along with details of Hawes, Brown and R.B. Lee, the Telegram of March 31st states "an artillery officer will be sent." In other words, "the check is in the mail." No one is offered by name for assignment as chief artillery officer... which is the correct answer to your quiz question. Or are you doubting the word of Robert E. Lee? All the best Ozzy Reference: http://civilwar.rosenbach.org/?m=201203 Telegram of March 31st 1862: Lee to Beauregard
  18. Ron I believe General Robert E. Lee provided the answer to this question: http://civilwar.rosenbach.org/?m=201203 (Telegram of March 31st 1862 from Lee to Beauregard.) Cheers Ozzy Reference from the Rosenbach Collection.
  19. So what was the source of the information in Major Brent's telegram? On March 30th Colonel Napoleon Bonaparte Buford (attached to Foote's Western Gunboats, as Commander of "soldiers afloat" making up the "Flotilla Brigade") took transports attached to the Campaign against Island No.10 and landed his force at Union-occupied Hickman Kentucky. Buford's force (comprised of Hutchen's Cavalry (LtCol Hogg), 27th Illinois Infantry (LtCol Harrington), 15th Wisconsin Infantry (Colonel Heg) and artillery belonging to Captain Sparrestrom of the First Missouri Light Artillery, Battery G) commenced a march after noon, directly towards Union City Tennessee, fifteen miles away... and bivouacked at 7pm (when it became too dark to safely move.) At dawn on the 31st, Buford advanced the final four miles, positioned his artillery on a hill overlooking the town, and attacked: Sparrestrom's Battery fired a number of rounds and Hogg's cavalry force, supported by the infantry, advanced on the Confederate defenders of Union City (about six hundred men under command of Colonel Edward Pickett.) The defenders were quickly routed; a train engine was observed racing away south, leaving its line of cars behind; fourteen prisoners were taken by Buford's force. After burning the Confederate camps in vicinity, Colonel Buford withdrew his force back to the northwest -- two hours after arriving in Union City -- with twelve wagons full of serviceable munitions and equipment captured from the abandoned camps. The Federals arrived back in Hickman before night and boarded the transports. And Colonel Buford wrote his report detailing success of the raid, that evening. So ended the first engagement at Union City Tennessee... conducted by forces attached to the Campaign for Island No.10 ...which may have helped precipitate the Confederate move from Corinth against Pittsburg Landing. Fact is stranger than fiction... Ozzy References: OR 8 pages 116- 118 Report of Colonel Buford http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Island_Number_Ten_Union_order_of_battle Island No.10 Order of Battle (Union) http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/Army/USMA/Cullums_Register/475*.html http://www.artcirclelibrary.info/Reference/civilwar/1862-03.pdf See pages 123- 126 "Descent upon Union City" N.B. Next day (April 1st) Colonel George Roberts, attached to Buford's Flotilla command, conducted his successful raid against Confederate Fort No.1 at Island No.10, spiking guns that could have threatened the passage of USS Carondelet. Buford's force joined the Crawl to Corinth in April/May 1862.
  20. Presented is an interesting telegram sent by Major George W. Brent (from the former Army of the Mississippi HQ at Jackson, Tennessee) to General Beauregard at Corinth on April 2nd 1862: http://civilwar.rosenbach.org/?p=5512 [from "Today in the Civil War: dispatches from the Rosenbach Collection"]. Ozzy
  21. Roger You are correct: Thomas Harrison was denigrated by the men of his own regiment as "unnecessarily strict." They termed him "Mark Time Major" for a punishment he inflicted on two Texas Rangers, accused of straggling. In addition, Major Harrison was accused by troopers of the regiment for "withdrawing too quickly" in front of a superior Federal force in January 1862 (while the 8th Texas was stationed in vicinity of Bowling Green.) They derisively referred to him as "Jimtown Major." However, those same troops of the 8th Texas record that on April 8th 1862, their charge was initiated (in conjunction with Colonel Forrest) by Harrison shouting, "Now follow your Jimtown - Mark Time Major!" As regards "relative seniority," the original commander of the 8th Texas was Benjamin Franklin Terry, killed in action December 1861. Replacing Terry was Thomas Lubbock (who was unwell with typhoid fever... and died in Nashville in January 1862.) John A. Wharton became Colonel of the 8th Texas, with effect from January 23rd. [And John G. Walker became LtCol about the same time; but Walker was on sick leave at the time of Battle of Shiloh and Fallen Timbers.] At the Battle of Fort Donelson, Nathan Bedford Forrest is recorded as Lieutenant Colonel (having been voted into that rank in October 1861.) Sometime before the Battle of Shiloh, Forrest was elevated to Colonel (so there could be disagreement who was senior: Wharton or Forrest.) But with Wharton away from the field on April 8th, there could be no disagreement that Colonel Forrest was senior to Major Thomas Harrison (8th Texas) and Captain Isaac Harrison (Wirt Adams Cavalry). The subject under investigation is whether or not John Hunt Morgan, or elements of his cavalry, were present during the action of April 8th. [I believe there is support for participation by Morgan's Cavalry in the defence of the Road north of Corinth after April 8th... but nothing can be presented as proof for involvement on April 8th.] Regards Ozzy Reference: http://www.keathleywebs.com/terrysrangers/terry2.htm Campaigns of Terry's Texas Rangers N.B. "Claims" are not proof. But an official report, subject to scrutiny by those who were present at the time, is about as close as you can get... besides actual wounds.
  22. Roger Sometimes the SDG "reply system" keeps a copy of your work while you construct a post; when you begin your next post, the "old copy" usually appears immediately (so you can continue with it, or delete it.) As concerns Major Harrison, I believe his report of April 11th is ignored because of where it appears (way out of sequence with the other Confederate reports from Shiloh, in the Appendix of OR 10.) What also encourages me to believe this report: it was sent to Colonel Wharton before he submitted his report (dated April 12th, and Wharton makes mention of Harrison's report details). Colonel Wharton submitted his report direct to General Beauregard (via Thomas Jordan.) If Wharton (or Harrison) submitted "porky pies," General Beauregard or Colonel Jordan would have realized pretty quickly that fact. Also, it would take a brave man to submit a fabrication (not knowing if Colonel Forrest would have a decidedly different view of the operations of April 7 and 8.) The most important detail in Major Harrison's report: no mention of John Hunt Morgan on April 8th. Regards Ozzy
  23. Rbn3 Just had a look at the J.D. Edwards sites: civilwartalk link is still working; but the two library sites (New York and Huntingdon) no longer support a "Search" feature for their sites... effectively turning themselves into "screen savers." That's the problem of electronic resources: broken (re-named) links and removal of Search Box. However, in the case of Southern photographer Edwards, most of his images are now available on "Google Image" search. Regards Ozzy
  24. Rbn3 A few sites have "returned as hits" lately that never had in my previous searches. Don't know if this is because they are new, or if some conscientious librarian has properly catalogued them. In the case of Adolph Metzner, I had never seen mention -- anywhere -- of his impressive sketches. How can that be possible? (Even when I searched "Metzner" on our own SDG site, no hits came back.) Would be interesting to view Metzner's collection of seventy CDV images... but they are currently only available for viewing at a Library of Congress site (of which there are many across the USA, so it is not required to front up in Washington, D.C.) Speaking of CDV's and early photographic images, have you seen the work of J.D. Edwards? A few of his Confederate Gulf Coast (Bragg's Army of Pensacola) are contained/linked on this SDG site. Of especial interest to me, because I spent a few summers in Pensacola, and the site of Edward's images still exist: one can stand in the very spot the photograph was captured. In addition, the images of 9th Mississippi and 10th Mississippi are the only ones taken before Battle of Shiloh (so offer an opportunity for ancestors to "discover" their great-grandfathers.) Recently encountered "contributions" by Henri Lovie that I never knew existed. Coming soon... Ozzy Reference: Put "Edwards" in Search Box at top of Home Page this SDG site and hit [Enter].
  25. Roger According to the OR 10 (page 627) Colonel Jonathan Wharton of Terry's Texas Rangers was put in charge, by General Beauregard, "to move to the right of our Army and protect it's retreat. I maintained a position next to Lick Creek until night-fall, and then encamped in rear of the entire Army, throwing out pickets in connection with Colonels Adams, Forrest and Lindsay." [Things had potential to become confused on Tuesday: Colonel Wharton had been wounded during Shiloh, and his wound was made more painful "by being in the saddle." He turned over command of the Texas Rangers on Tuesday morning to Major Thomas Harrison; and Colonel Wharton departed for medical treatment at Corinth.] Major Harrison's report (which many people miss seeing) is on page 923, in the Appendix of OR 10. Here are the highlights of that April 11th 1862 report: "Having taken command of the 220-strong Texas Rangers [in Colonel Wharton's absence] I was informed late Tuesday [April 8th] by a member of Colonel Forrest's command of the appearance of enemy cavalry in our vicinity. I proceeded with my 220 men (and another forty belonging to Forrest) to the point occupied by the enemy, and there found 300 cavalry, a line of infantry in support; and I believed there to be a masked battery [of undetermined number] concealed in the brush. While attempting to take up a better position (to attack the enemy) I met Captain Isaac Harrison of Wirt Adam's cavalry, in charge of forty men. He informed me that his force was so positioned to prevent flank attack on us by the enemy. I therefore returned to my initial position (near the Hospital) and encountered Colonel Forrest, now commanding his forty men, in person. I consulted with Colonel Forrest and it was determined to charge the enemy cavalry to our front... The charge was immediately executed; the enemy was engaged, and his cavalry and infantry were both put to flight. "Shortly after this engagement, I was ordered by General Breckinridge to take position in the rear of Breckinridge's infantry and artillery. I suppose forty or fifty of the enemy were killed; doubtless countless more wounded. And we took 43 prisoners. My loss totalled two killed; seven wounded (none too seriously) and one man missing. And Colonel Forrest is reported to be slightly wounded." Report of April 8th engagement, from Major Harrison to Colonel Wharton. Cheers Ozzy References as indicated in text. N.B. I wonder if "Harrison Road" in vicinity of Fallen Timbers is named for one, or both, cavalrymen?