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Rbn3 last won the day on May 28

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About Rbn3

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    Civil War medicine.
  1. Ozzie In 2006, Joseph Reinhardt's August Willich's Gallant Dutchmen, Civil War Letters from the 32nd Indiana Infantry was published by the Kent State University Press. Meticulously researched, the book contains several CDV's credited to the Metzner Collection at the LOC, including that of Robert A. Wolff. The book has two index entries for Metzner, the entries being simply lists of officers and promotions. An amazing amount of detail is in the book concerning Robert A. Wolff, including this from a letter (p77) to the Louisville Anzeiger from Pittsburg Landing dated April 9, 1862, by Lt. William G. Mank: "Robert Wolff from Louisville distinguished himself through courage and cold-bloodedness." The letter describes the 32nd's part in the hostilities of April 7th. But it begins with a description of the "slaughtered in their tents" myth, and a scathing denunciation of Grant. Luckily for Lt. Mank (whose name was printed as the author), apparently no one on Grant's staff took the Anzeiger. Amazingly, the book does not include a single Metzner illustration nor a mention of Wolff's amorous tendencies. The epilog informs the reader that Robert married Marie Strehly in Germany on June 1, 1846 and died at age 50 of TB in Louisville on July 1874 at the age of fifty. He is buried in Cave Hill Cemetery, Louisville. BTW, August Willich was a Communist 48'er and a comrade in arms of one Karl Marx. August and Karl had a falling out, so Willich challenged him to a duel. Karl politely declined the offer. Rbn3
  2. Ozzy, you are a "disruptor" in modern economic parlance. Because of you I ran across Orderly Sgt/Lt. Robert A. Wolff, the German "tragedien" actor of 32nd Indiana. Robert was drummed out "for the good of the service" by "Old Rosey" in 1863 for "kissing a nurse." How many lives on both sides could have been saved if only it had been generally known that such an honorable path to a dishonorable discharge existed? Robert re-enlisted in July 1863 but was booted out again a week later when the paperwork caught up with him. But he got his pension. Robert married Marie and they were engaged in theatrical productions in post-war Louisville. He was the producer/director and actor in "The Last Days of Maximillan" in 1868. But his "day job" (and probably most nights) was as a saloon keeper. He also produced a week long "Sängerfest" for the Louisville Turners. I have to kick the habit of reading your posts...if I can.
  3. Wow. Metzner's sketches are fabulous...not for the squeamish, however. The scene of corpses at Stone River is one of the most graphic/gruesome I have seen... probably also realistic. I ordered the book: Blood shed in this war: Civil War illustrations by Captain Adolph Metzner, 32nd Indiana / Michael A. Peake. Indianapolis : Indiana Historical Society Press, 2010. The LOC collection is amazing.
  4. I have been interested in Dr. Samuel W. Everett from Quincy because of his connection with General Prentiss, his Quincy townsman, and thus with Dr. Patrick Gregg, Prentiss' fellow POW. Dr. Everett was educated as a youth in England and France. He served as an amateur physician in the Mexican War with his brother, Major Edward Everett. He had been the apprentice of Dr. Adams Nichols in Quincy since 1846, but had not received his M.D. before going to Mexico. On his return, he attended Dr. Pope's Medical College in St. Louis for one lecture series. He then went to New York where he studied under the celebrated surgeon Dr. Valentine Mott at NYU. Mott, in turn, had studied with Sir Astley Cooper in London and also spent a time in Edinburgh, generally regarded at the time as medicine's Mecca. So Dr. Everett's medical pedigree is above reproach, including his exposure to the urbane Dr. Charles Alexander Pope. Everett's surviving son Henry was a noted ophthalmologist in Philadelphia. Dr. Everett was shot in the forehead and abdomen at about 8 am on April 6th while tending to a wounded soldier. Some of you may have heard of his first cousin, Edward Everett , who entered Harvard at 13 and became it's President at 45. Cousin Edward had been a minister before he entered politics. Edward gave a 2 hour speech at Gettysburg just prior to when Dr. Samuel Everett's fellow Illinoisan made some brief remarks. Transactions of the American Medical Association, Vol. IV, 1864. p 213-5. Here is the prize: https://www.masshist.org/blog/1240 Enjoy!
  5. Very nice find - many thanks! RBN3
  6. Nashville, Isham G. Harris "A riot occurred at Nashville, Tenn., Occasioned by the authorities resorting to drafting soldiers to supply the rebel army. The boxes used for this purpose [i.e., ‘draft lottery’] were broken up, and during the excitement two persons were killed and several wounded. Governor Harris was forced to keep his room, and was protected by a strong guard." New York Times, December 8, 1861.
  7. The Confederate prisoners made folk art just as did the Federals. At Rock Island, clam shell art was a specialty. Slattery, T: AN ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF THE ROCK ISLAND ARSENAL AND ARSENAL ISLAND, PART TWO. Rock Island, Illinois, 1989. p 82.
  8. The picture from Chick's piece seems to be from Geni, where I have found a few pictures incorrectly identified. The man depicted by Chick is dressed as a man of the cloth. Munson was a lawyer I believe. He could also have been a clergyman I suppose. The most egregious example of how a misidentified picture can infect the internet is the one "known" photo of Army Assistant Surgeon John Emerson who took Etheldred Scott with him as his valet to Fort Armstrong in Illinois and Fort Snelling in (then) Wisconsin Territory. The picture attached here can be found on find-a-grave and Geni and from there has been propagated. The man depicted as Dr. Emerson (in a British uniform) is Major General John Emerson Wharton Headlam. Dr. John Emerson has been variously vilified because he was a slave owner. He was allowed (and collected) about $13/mo, as were all officers, by the US Army for a servant. So at the time the US Government was subsidizing slavery. This, of course, does not make Emerson in the right, just in the norm. General Headlam never owned slaves. I have posted the correction on Find-a-grave, and Geni has taken the picture down. But the damage is done.
  9. I hope to soon post a piece I am working on about Dr. Gregg and Dr. John Emerson, owner of Dred Scott. Gregg was summoned by Emerson when the latter was dying in 1843 in Davenport. Gregg witnessed Emerson's will at the LeClaire Hotel, where Emerson and his wife and child were living while they built a brick house close by. The Irish background of the two doctors was remarkably similar. They also crossed paths as Emerson was leaving the rotting Fort Armstrong for Fort Snelling and Gregg was arriving in Rock Island in the spring of 1836. In 1951 the Rock Island Medical Society published a 50 year history. It was dedicated to Dr. Patrick Gregg, though it does not contain much info about him. In 1879 John Gregg, the drill master and Patrick's son, was indicted and convicted of embezzling money from the U S Post Office in Chicago. I will post the details when I organize them. John was pardoned by Rutherford B Hays and went on to live a successful life. He may have taken a hit for his brother in law General John McArthur, the post master, who was also indicted, convicted and pardoned. John transferred from the 12th Illinois that had been formed by McArthur in the summer of 1861 to Patrick Gregg's company of the 58th in December of 1861 by order of General Halleck. After being a POW John became McArthur's aide-de-camp. Some of John's old 12th comrades were also captured at Shiloh. McArthur was a competent Brigade commander who was stellar at Nashville.
  10. He was a man of many facets. He collected the $200 bounty for going to Wisconsin to apprehend and bring back one of Col. Davenport's killers. He then received his body for "science" after the murderer was convicted and then hanged in the Rock Island square. Attached is his last recruiting ad in the Argus.
  11. I have searched through on-line archives of the Quad City papers and saw the pieces about Gregg's retirement. He also had a spat with the Davenport medical community and most of his Rock Island colleagues about a decade prior over an outbreak of water borne dysentery in Rock Island. Gregg got a bit carried away in the defense of his home town when it seemed quite apparent that the Rock Island municipal water supply was the culprit. The Arsenal position was a nice plum but Gregg did not complain about his retirement at least in print that I have seen. He also had helped out at the POW prison on Rock Island during his time between his own return to Rock Island in 1862 and when he joined the 23rd Illinois as its surgeon.
  12. Thanks for all the good stuff! Did you notice that the Prof of Surgery at Jefferson was the Little Mac's father? Gregg wisely decided to spiff up his resume by attending two lecture courses at Jefferson, a controversial proprietary institution that was fought tooth and nail by U Penn. It was actually chartered as a division of the old Washington and Jefferson College located in western Penn near Pittsburgh. Gregg must have done the required apprenticeship (usually 3 years) in Ireland and probably attended one of the small proprietary schools in Dublin where he did his "anatomy". There, as here, grave robbers were major, if unofficial, members of the faculty. Somewhat curiously, there briefly was a medical school in Rock Island about 1850 chartered by the University of Wisconsin! It moved to Rock Island from St. Charles, Illinois, where the anatomy prof had been shot by an mob angry over a grave robbery. The school moved to Davenport after its year in Rock Island and then subsequently to Keokuk, where it ultimately morphed into the University of Iowa School of Medicine. Gregg's father, John, was the victim of an assassination attempt in Ireland, probably because he had been a member of the Protestant yeomanry militia loyal to England during the rising of 1798.* John and the family fled to western New York just over the border from Penn. Patrick Gregg, John Emerson, and Henry Crawford (surgeon of the 58th Illinois) were all Irish Protestant physicians who never joined a church in America. All three of their families had experienced the effects of civil war in Ireland. *see: http://www.historyireland.com/18th-19th-century-history/a-forgotten-army-the-irish-yeomanry/
  13. Thanks for the link!
  14. Davis may have had uveitis...inflammation of the middle layer of the eyeball wall. Uveitis is associated with a wide variety of infectious and auto-immune diseases ranging from syphilis to lupus and to "reactive arthritis". The latter used to be called Reiter's Syndrome* and many of the manifestations are caused by an auto-immune attack on joints and eyes that is triggered by gastrointestinal or genital infections. Since soldiers throughout history get a lot of VD and since Civil War soldiers ALL got diarrhea, there must have been many cases of "rheumatism" that were actually reactive arthritis. Also the difficulty of sorting out diseases with overlapping manifestations led to terms like "sphyiloid" (syphilis like) and typhoid (typhus like). Of course typhoid turns out to be a fairly specific salmonella caused disease. "Syphiloid" has disappeared from the medical lexicon. A famous pre Civil War doctor figure complained constantly that he suffered from "Syphiloid Rheumatism." He died in Davenport, Iowa, in 1843. He was married to Irene Sanford. His doctor was Patrick Gregg. *Eponyms have been eschewed in modern medicine generally (a pity), but in Dr. Hans Reiter's case, his history as a Nazi experimenter convicted of war crimes should disqualify him from any form of veneration.
  15. Your picture appears to be a tonsillectomy Guillotine made by KONSIANTIN KLOT, a surgical instrument maker in Columbus Ohio. If you hurry you can pick one up on Ebay: http://www.ebay.com/itm/Antique-Medical-c-1860-Tonsil-Guillotine-K-Klot-Rare-/150541795725