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Found 5 results

  1. Shiloh Masters Thesis

    Historical Analysis of the Battle of Shiloh is a Masters Thesis submitted to the Air Command and Staff College at Maxwell AFB in Alabama in 1984 by then-Major F. John Semley. The paper is fifty pages in length (41 pages of actual content, with several hand-drawn maps) and is held by the Defense Technical Information Center as pdf at following: http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a144009.pdf Semley paper on Battle of Shiloh Although written over thirty years ago, Major Semley presents a cohesive, coherent analysis of the Battle of Shiloh that most members of SDG will find refreshing: Peabody and Powell get appropriate mention; timings for all events are reasonably accurate; the cause of Lew Wallace's late arrival is given proper attention; causes of the Confederate Force to fail to achieve its objective on Day One is handled with grace and tact. Highlighted items: Grant's "failings" in lead-up to Battle of Shiloh (many of them self-inflicted) Beauregard's failings in massaging the Confederate Battle Plan into something too complex, losing sight of the objective; "No experienced Union Division was positioned at the front" Discussion of the disputed "lost hour" of the Confederate attack, before end of Day One; Nathan Bedford Forrest and Fallen Timbers rate a mention. Presented in three segments, the First segment describes the Battle, Days One and Two; the Second segment offers analysis of Shiloh (with regard to USAF Doctrine IRT war fighting) and Section Three offers opportunity for Discussion, with such questions, "Why was Grant at Savannah?' and "Why did Grant and Beauregard fail to achieve their objectives?" and "Why were there no appropriate defenses at Pittsburg campground?" Appropriate references (author credits J. L. McDonough (1977) "Shiloh: in Hell before Night" as his main inspiration.) Well worth your time to review, and determine "how close Major Semley comes to the correct analysis" Ozzy
  2. It is not very often that a first-hand account of the actions of the 6th Division during the first hours of Day One, and during the stand at the Hornet's Nest comes to light. The following link takes you to the Little Falls Transcript of Little Falls, Minnesota (edition of September 14th 1883.) Beginning page 6, column 6 is the article, "In the Hornet's Nest" by Sergeant Gibhart Kurts (sometimes identified as Gilbert Kurtz) of the 18th Missouri Infantry, Co.K. Of interest: although listing all the regiments belonging to the 6th Division at Shiloh, Sergeant Kurts appears to be unaware that the 1st Minnesota Light Artillery (Munch's Battery) belonged to the 6th Division. Sergeant Kurts is aware of the strengthening of pickets and outposts; and recalls seeing General Prentiss attempting to rally the troops before everyone "fell back to the hill in the rear." http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89064525/1883-09-14/ed-1/seq-6/#date1=1878&index=0&rows=20&words=Prentiss&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=Minnesota&date2=1884&proxtext=Prentiss&y=17&x=13&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1 Little Falls Transcript of September 14th 1883, courtesy of Library of Congress and Chronicling America. Ozzy
  3. I am working on a biography of Dr. Patrick Gregg of Rock Island, Illinois. He was Captain of K Company of the 58th Illinois and was captured with Prentiss. His post POW career was with the 23rd Illinois as its Surgeon. The attached file is an attempt to give context to Gregg's Shiloh's personal experience there. Critique and corrections are welcome. Biography of Patrick Gregg p1-9 Context.pdf
  4. Being interested in an obscure couple, Oscar and Ophelia Amigh, who served as private and nurse in Captain (later General) M.M. Trumbull's Co "I" (Butler County Guards) of 3rd Iowa, I look out for items even vaguely related. This item, cited below, was written by Sam Houston, Jr. in 1886 and submitted in 1931 for publication by his brother Col. A.J. Houston. A few excerpts: "So you are after additional reminiscences?" said the Ex-Rebel...Well, I left off at the capture of General Prentiss' command, which was effected at the very threshold...of that brigade's encampment." A description follows of the neat and perfect arrangement of the camp and relates that the camp cooks were preparing breakfast when the uninvited guests dropped in. Prentiss surrendered in Hell's Hollow in the afternoon, I believe. The 3rd Iowa encampment when April 6th dawned had been in Stacy's field just a few hundred feet to the west of the point of Prentiss' surrender. The Ex-Rebel relates in good detail the items the self described "pillagers" liberated from the camp. Ex-Reb describes the next morning when the Second Texas was awakened early and told by their Captain "The day is ours!" Second Texas advanced northward and pushed back some Federal skirmishers across a field. Ex-Rebel recalled wondering "Where is the enemy" as they advanced. "We were within a rod of the field's eastern boundary, when the fence before us became transformed into a wall of flame, and under that fiery simoon [about the only word for a hot wind off the Sahara that has not been used as a model name by Volkswagen] our line seemed actually to wilter and curl up; while in front of us and on both our flanks, the very earth swarmed with Federals. So nearly had we approached the enemy, that the ornaments on their caps were readily distinguished, and I remember noting even in that terrible moment, that our immediate adversaries were the 3rd Iowa Infantry." I believe 3rd Iowa was still armed with unrifled '48 Springfields loaded with buck and ball. If the volley came at the "whites of the eyes" distance, Ex-Rebel's description of "wilter and curl up" seems vividly plausible. On Sunday 3rd Iowa had been in the Federal line to the left of the Unsunken Road near the Hornet's Rest (if I am to believe recent revisions to nomenclature) and a bit south of the Peach Orchard and the Bloody Mirage. Histories of 3rd Iowa dismiss them as actors on Monday. Some of the Regiment, including future Iowa Governor Major Stone was captured and they had suffered heavy causalities on Sunday. Houston, Sam. "Shiloh Shadows." The Southwestern Historical Quarterly 34, no. 4 (1931): 329-33. http://www.jstor.org/stable/30235376.