Ozzy

Andrew Hickenlooper, 5th Ohio

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On page 435 of MOLLUS (Ohio) volume 5 of 1903 is a detailed, informative letter written by Andrew Hickenlooper on April 11th 1862 to his family back in Ohio. In the letter, mention is made of the 5th Ohio Battery losing two guns and over fifty horses in the action on Sunday; and recall of 10,000 shirkers observed huddled along the left bank of the Tennessee River; and mention is made of being assigned early on Sunday morning to act as bodyguard to General Grant, and subsequently riding all along the Battlefield in company with the Federal commander...

Wait a minute; what's going on here?

As we know, Andrew Hickenlooper presents as one of the remarkable leaders at the Battle of Shiloh. In command of the 5th Independent Battery Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery (usually referred to as 5th Ohio Battery) Captain Hickenlooper began the morning of April 6th in defense of Prentiss' 6th Division, somewhat in advance of the camps; he fell back with Prentiss (leaving two of his 6-pounders behind) and redeployed in support of the area later known as the Hornet's Nest (the 5th Ohio Battery itself supported by Colonel Geddes 8th Iowa Infantry), and was there in action from just after 9am until about 4:30pm. Ordered to withdraw to the north, Hickenlooper successfully evacuated four artillery pieces north... and somehow became attached to Sherman's 5th Division (and in support of Sherman became involved in some of the final actions on Day 1 before night put an end to Sunday's fighting.) For such gallant actions, Hickenlooper and his 5th Ohio Battery were Mentioned in Despatches by two Division Commanders in their Shiloh After-action reports [OR 10 p.250 (Sherman) and page 280 (Prentiss)].

Andrew Hickenlooper. One of those iconic names (in company with Wallace, Prentiss, Peabody and Johnston), always to find association with the Battle of Shiloh. So imagine my surprise to discover there was another Andrew Hickenlooper at Shiloh. This other Andrew even came to the attention of Artillery Captain Andrew, just after 10am while the 5th Ohio Battery was readying itself for its next action in the Hornet's Nest. Captain Hickenlooper reports:  "It was during one of these temporary lulls (after the first attack) that General Grant and staff, surrounded by a detachment of 5th Ohio Cavalry as his bodyguard, approached our position. His presence was interesting to me, but incomparably less so than the unexpected appearance in his escort of Andrew Hickenlooper, whom I supposed was back at home in Ohio. We had time for a moment's recognition before they rode away, and I turned again to join in the serious business of the day." [MOLLUS (Ohio) page 431.]

This other Andrew Hickenlooper was 65 years old and joined the 5th Ohio Cavalry as a Saddler, merely for the opportunity to be close to his son, who commanded the 5th Ohio Battery. [To find out what happened to Andrew Hickenlooper, Sr., you can read the article for yourself, from Page 432.]

Ozzy

 

References:  http://suvcw.org/mollus/war/OHv5.htm   MOLLUS (Ohio) Volume 5, Sketches of War History guide

http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015042015092;view=2up;seq=500;size=300  Capt Hickenlooper (p.479)

http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112047586075;view=1up;seq=290  Saddler Hickenlooper, Co. G (p.277) [note age]

http://archive.org/stream/sketcheswarhist01unkngoog#page/n4/mode/2up  Sketches, MOLLUS (Ohio) vol.5 pages 402-483 (Battle of Shiloh parts 1 and 2 by Brevet BGen Andrew Hickenlooper published 1903) Sketches of War History.

Letter of Andrew Hickenlooper (April 11th 1862) at above link: MOLLUS (Ohio) vol.5 page 435-6.

 

 

 

 

 

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I'm pretty positive that Hickenlooper's story about meeting his father on the battlefield is included in at least one of the major books on the battle. I can't think of which one offhand, but it's in at least one of them. I also think the current governor of Colorado is a descendant of his. 

Perry

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Perry

"Hickenlooper" is such an unusual name... when I ran across the letter from Andrew Hickenlooper, I had not yet read the supporting MOLLUS article, and it seemed as if Hickenlooper was writing in the third-person. Then, it turned out there were two Andrew Hickenloopers, both at Shiloh, both belonging to "5th Ohio Regiments" (of Cavalry and Artillery). And they encounter each other at the Hornet's Nest, with time only for a brief recognition before the older man continued on in company with General Grant; and the younger man was left to face six hours of dire uncertainty in support of General Prentiss... only to evacuate north just before the position falls... to be followed up by active support of General Sherman (substantial enough to be Mentioned in Despatches.) And after the Battle was concluded, it was days before Father and Son Hickenlooper encountered each other again (with all the uncertainty and raw emotion that would entail.) Anyway, it was a story almost too fantastic to be true... and it was buried away in an obscure article.

Fact is stranger than fiction

Ozzy

 

N.B.  And the rest of the story: what young Hickenlooper did for old Hickenlooper...

 

 

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