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  1. 3 points
    I located Sgt. William H. Busbey's post-war article about his being near Grant's Savannah headquarters and on Tigress during the trip to Pittsburg Landing on April 6th in the Chicago Inter-Ocean. Some obvious errors make it not completely reliable, and it may be completely unreliable, but it does make for interesting reading: "I was at Savannah in April, 1862, associated with the work of the Adams Express company . Myself and another young man employed in the same office were sleeping on the night of April 5 in a house in Savannah three or four blocks from the river. General Grant's headquarters at Savannah were in a house very close to the river. We were on higher ground than he was, and about daylight on the morning of April 6 the young man sleeping with me jumped out of bed with the exclamation, 'There's firing up at the Landing.' We could hear very distinctly the boom of cannon, and when we went to the east window we could hear, or thought we could hear, the sound of musketry. Pittsburg landing was nine miles away, but in the still morning air the roar of musketry came to us." "We dressed hurriedly, ran down to General Grant's headquarters, where we found General Webster, chief of artillery, in his night shirt on the porch listening intently to the sound of firing. We saw him run into the house, and another officer came out with him. They listened a minute, ran in again, and General Grant came out in his night dress. The three figures stood like statues while Grant listened, and then the General gave an order that put everything in a whirl. Ned Osborne of Chicago was at that time in command of Grant's headquarters guard, and under excitement he was a very active man." "In a few minutes staff officers were awake and dressed, the escort was mounted and ready to go, and the General and staff boarded at once the steamer Tigress. I remembered as I looked over the steamers at the landing tht the Tigress was the only vessel that had steam up, and comprehending that Grant would go on that vessel, my comrade and myself went down and climbed on in advance of the General and his staff. There was a ittle wait for the escort and horses of the officers, but when all were on board the steamer did not move. Inquiry developed the fact that neither the captain nor the pilot was awake or had received any notice of the journey. They were stirred up in short order, and soon the Tigress started up the river for Pittsburg Landing." "About four miles above Savannah we came to Crump's landing. General Lew Wallace, in command of the division at that point, was on the steamer Jessie K. Bell. When we came up within fifty yards of the Bell, Grant shouted to Wallace, asking if he had any news from the front. Wallace shouted back saying that a courier had just arrived with the report that Sherman had been attacked by a heavy force. Grant, with great intensity of manner, asked: 'Does the dispatch say a heavy force?' Wallace replied that it did and Grant ordered the captain of the Tigress to make all possible speed for Pittsburg Landing." "As we started General Wallace shouted in surprise: 'General Grant, have you no orders for me?' and Grant, after thinking a moment, shouted back, 'Hold yourself in readiness to march.' Then we steamed away, but in a few minutes Ross came to me and said: 'It is a general attack this time, sure.' I asked him how he knew and he said that Captain Baxter had just received orders from Grant to take a steam tug and carry orders back to General Wallace to move at once and take position on the right of the Union force engaged in battle. We arrived at Pittsburg Landing in a short time and General Grant rode away at once toward the front." [The article went on about Busbey's experiences in the battle, including hauling guns up the bluff for Webster, the boats in the river, and Mother Bickerdyke.]
  2. 3 points
    My photos from this past weekend's Epic Trek are HERE if anyone is interested. Great time of hiking, learning, and fellowship.
  3. 2 points
    As we know, after his defeat at Pea Ridge, Arkansas (also known as Elkhorn Tavern) Major General Earl Van Dorn of the Trans-Mississippi was requested to support the forces of General Albert Sidney Johnston in Tennessee… but there was no apparent urgency in the request. Van Dorn arrived at Memphis about 8 April 1862 and stopped at The Gayoso House. Also in Memphis was Mrs. Mary Ann Webster Loughborough, whose husband James, was a Captain on the Staff of Brigadier General Cockrell. Mary Webster of New York married James Loughborough in Kentucky a few years earlier; then the couple moved west and established themselves in St. Louis, Missouri (and subsequently gravitated towards the Rebel cause.) In early April 1862 Mrs. Loughborough wrote the following letter to a friend, revealing the presence of notable Confederates in Memphis: Gayoso House, Memphis, April, 1862. My dear J——: I am just in from dinner; and you would be amused to see the different faces—I might as well say the different appetites; for the Army of Missouri and Arkansas have been undergoing rigorous fasts of late; and the little episode of the battle of Elkhorn and the consequent privations have helped not a little the gaunt appearance of these military characters. All eat, eat rapidly; from General V—— D—— down to the smallest lieutenant, whose manner of playing the epicure over the different dishes ordered, is a study. The confidential consultations with the waiter over them, together with the knowing unconsciousness of bestowing his small change, almost convinces me that he is a brigadier-general, or a colonel, at least. You see streaming in constantly this tide of human beings, to eat, stare at the ladies, talk, and order much wine in the excitement of military anecdotes; for you must understand that a civilian is a “rara avis” amid the brilliant uniforms of the dining room. Yet, amid all this mass and huge crowd, the majority are polished gentlemen, who have evidently seen much of the world, and who are men of purpose and character. General V—— D—— and staff sit not far from me—looked at rather jealously by the Missourians, as ranking and commanding them over their favorite general. Yet, he always treats the old general with the utmost consideration and courtesy. On the other side sits General P——, with his kind, benevolent face. The poor old gentleman finds at the table his lightest reserves become his heaviest forces: nearly all his staff are about him. And, as I sit half amused at the expression of some faces, and thinking deeply of the mute, yet determined impress of character on others, two gentlemen come in—one in plain citizen’s clothing, with heavy black beard and high forehead—with stooping gait and hands behind him. I am told he is Governor J——, of Missouri. His face puzzles me—it is thoughtful and singular. By his side, with tall, lithe, slender figure, fully erect, walks General J—— T——. You will scarcely think it possible that this is the so-frequently talked of J—— T——. I thought him an ordinary man, did not you? Yet, this is anything but an ordinary man. The keen dark eye sweeps the room as he enters, taking us all in at a glance—a quick, daring, decisive, resolute face. I can make nothing more out of him. Yet, there is more of thought and intellect than you see at first. He is dressed in full uniform, with sword and sash, and has quite a military air. There are many Saint Louisians here; you see them scattered around the tables quite plentifully. General C—— is among the number. He sits at some distance, and looks quite worn and sad. You know—do you not?—that he is the father of young Churchill Clark, who was killed at Elkhorn. Have I ever told you his history? It is this: He graduated at West Point in the commencement of the war; and knowing and having a great admiration for General P——, he joined him at once: he was put in command of some artillery; and showing himself a youth of courage and ability—for he was only twenty years old—his command was increased. Throughout the constant trials and sufferings of the campaign, he showed himself equal in courage, daring, and judgment, to many older heads. He was particularly beloved by General P——. At Elkhorn, as ever, his battery sustained itself with coolness and bravery. As the general rode by, he said some cheering words to young Clark, who took off his cap and waved it, saying, “General, we will hold our own,” or words to that effect, when a ball sped from the enemy, and crashed in the young, ardent brain as he spoke. I have been told that the general was affected to tears. He knelt by his side, vainly seeking for some trace of the strong, young life, but the pulses were stilled forever; and Churchill Clark lay a stiffened corpse in the long, wet grass at Elkhorn. And so his father sits silent and alone, and all respect the grief that none can assuage. In a few days we leave. The gentlemen all go to Corinth, where a battle, in all probability, will take place before long. Fort Pillow can hardly hold out, under the daily bombardment that we hear from the gunboats; and if it falls, Memphis, on taking leave of the Confederate officers, will usher in the Federal to quarters in the Gayoso. Adieu.
  4. 2 points
    Thanks for this. Another little piece of Civil War Chicagoiana to add to my collection. Rumsey was late to his own funeral...but for a poignant reason.
  5. 2 points
    Great photo... and of benefit to learn that the significant action in the Plum Orchard has finally been recognized... 🙂
  6. 2 points
    maybe due to the addition of "Plum Orchard Rd"
  7. 2 points
    There are two pieces of communication (one constructed on April 5th, and the other generated on April 6th 1862) both of which are important in their own way to explain “how the Battle of Shiloh unfolded.” And both documents have "issues." The first item is a telegram constructed at St. Louis and sent under signature of Major General Henry Halleck on Saturday 5 April 1862. Fitting Halleck’s style of issuing concise orders, the two-line telegram begins by listing the recently promoted Major Generals by order of seniority: Buell, Pope, McClernand, C.F. Smith, Wallace. The inclusion of John Pope is significant because Major General Pope would soon join the Advance on Corinth. And the place held by John McClernand (ahead of Charles Ferguson Smith) may have come as a surprise to Major General Ulysses S. Grant… but no matter, as the late formal notice of MGen McClernand’s seniority did not provide opportunity to ‘Provide him with benefits of seniority to which he was entitled” i.e., the Shell Game played by Generals Grant, Smith, Sherman and Captain McMichael had worked perfectly; and now, at this late hour, McClernand would be notified in due course of his official seniority (likely after U.S. Grant established his HQ at Pittsburg Landing… When McClernand operating as “acting commander” had odds somewhere between Slim and None.) The second line of Halleck’s telegram reads: “You will act in concert [with General Buell] but he will exercise his separate command, unless the enemy should attack you. In that case you are authorized to take the general command.” The wording of this second line, giving Grant emergency authority over Buell in case of attack by Rebels, has significant implications. And yet, when the conduct of Day Two at Shiloh is closely examined, there is nothing more significant in regard to General Grant exercising command, than, “You take the left; and I’ll take the right” during the advance of Monday morning (coordination at its most minimal.) Which leads one to ponder: When did General Grant receive this telegram from Henry Halleck? If it was sent by telegraph from St. Louis late morning of April 5th, it likely arrived at the Fort Henry telegraph office before noon. If a steamer picked up the mail and telegraph traffic at 1 p.m., (perhaps the Minnehaha) then the 5 April telegram would arrive about midnight… plenty of time for Grant to read and understand the contents. But, at 2 p.m. on Sunday, April 6th, where was this telegram from Halleck? The cool indifference shared between Grant and Buell (with Buell simply left at the waterfront, while Grant headed away west to take care of business) does not represent “someone in possession of an important telegram, giving them extraordinary authority.” Instead, it seems to indicate General Grant has not yet received the telegram; or he has seen it… but left it behind at the Cherry Mansion. The second communication was constructed on Sunday morning by Captain A.S. Baxter, the AQM for Grant’s Army, as he rode the steamer Tigress north to relay Grant’s orders (likely relayed from Grant, through Captain John Rawlins, to Baxter.) Finding the orders complex and difficult to remember in detail, Captain Algernon Baxter scanned the floor of the Ladies’ Cabin, found a soiled bit of paper, and wrote the orders (as he best remembered them) onto that scrap (later recorded as “containing a heel mark and tobacco stain.”) Upon arrival at Crump’s Landing, Captain Baxter found Lieutenant Ross – Aide to Major General Wallace – waiting. The two rode away west and reported to MGen Wallace at, or just before 11:30 a.m. Captain Baxter presented General Wallace with the impromptu order; Wallace asked why it was not signed. Baxter explained he “created the memorandum, himself, out of fear he would “forget some detail” unless he did so.” General Wallace passed the “written order” to his Staff, and asked Baxter about the current state of affairs [Baxter left Pittsburg Landing between 10 and 10:30.] Captain Baxter replied, “We are driving them.” General Wallace was satisfied; Wallace’s staff officers were satisfied. The order was accepted, and Captain Baxter took his departure within three minutes of arrival at Stony Lonesome. Captain Frederick Kneffler, Lew Wallace’s AAG, wound up with the “written order.” He tucked it under his sword belt… and subsequently lost it. Ever since, the loss of that written order, or memorandum, has been significant because it would provide tangible proof of what Major General Wallace had been ordered to do. And, it is not difficult to envision the memorandum, jiggling loose from Captain Kneffler’s sword belt, and blowing away… to be beaten by heavy rain that night; ultimately washed into the Snake River, then Tennessee River… lost forever. But, paper was in short supply, always. Letters by soldiers were often written making use of every millimetre of space, including margins and borders. As likely as the memorandum being lost forever, it was just as likely noticed, clinging to trampled stubble, by some soldier… one of thousands following behind Kneffler on his horse. This soldier would have snatched it up, and possibly sent it as souvenir with his own letter, a few days later. My point: there is every chance that the Lew Wallace memorandum from Baxter still exists, contained in a box of Civil War letters and paraphernalia, and the owners have no idea what they have in their possession. But, with all the other material being revealed on a weekly basis, one day this piece of history might just surprise everyone, and re-emerge.
  8. 2 points
    [Part three of Corinth, interrupted] Grant’s operation, with HQ at Savannah was kept on the back burner: just active enough to keep Rebel commanders guessing, but not sufficiently robust to allow General Grant to take the reins pre-emptively. The first benefit to Grant from success further west was assignment of Benjamin Prentiss to command of the newly created Sixth Division (although Halleck tasked Brigadier General Prentiss with other duties enroute, delaying his ultimate arrival at Pittsburg Landing.) In addition, Grant was aware that Don Carlos Buell was marching south and west to effect a join at Savannah (but Grant was frustrated by the slow pace of the Army of the Ohio.) Still, these troop additions were approved by Halleck, and were part of the overall plan to initiate the Operation against Corinth, in the proper sequence… after Victory at Island No.10 (when another source of manpower (Pope), as well as ammunition and abundant supplies would be made available.) References: SDG topics “Just supposin’ begun 26 FEB 2018 and “Full Hospitals” begun 30 JAN 2018 for Prentiss tasks enroute to Savannah Tennessee. SDG topic “Grant’s six divisions” begun 1 DEC 2018 details growth of Pittsburg force. OR 8 pages 633 – 4 telegram (23 MAR 1862) in which Henry Halleck lays out his “Programme” for SecWar Stanton, which includes, “Pope’s progress is necessarily slow,” and, “I have directed General Grant to make no move until Buell’s column (now at Columbia) can form junction with him.” Also, Halleck asserts, “We must take Corinth in order to seriously injure Rebel communications.” [And Halleck proposes possible moves for T.W. Sherman (the other Sherman) and Benjamin Butler which “might take advantage of [Bragg’s Army] leaving Florida and Alabama.”] OR 8 page 631 communication of 21 MAR 1862 from MGen Halleck to F/O Foote: “Everything is progressing well on the Tennessee River towards opening your way down the Mississippi.” [Illustrates the “connected” nature of Halleck’s operations, and alludes to the “proper sequence” of those operations.] OR 8 page 643 telegram from Army AG Thomas to MGen Halleck of 25 MAR 1862: “BGen Thomas Davies has been assigned duty in Department of the Mississippi.” [In preparation for conduct of operations after success at Island No.10 Halleck has called for more trained general officers to assist, as part of Halleck’s program. General Thomas Davies will be assigned command of Second Division, following deaths of WHL Wallace… and C.F. Smith.] OR 8 page 649 telegram SecWar Stanton to MGen Halleck of 29 MAR 1862: “You will report without delay the strength and distribution of your command.” [Halleck’s response 30 March: “Buell 101,000 in KY and Tenn; Grant 75,000 in Tennessee; Pope 25000 at New Madrid; Curtis 23000 in Arkansas; Strong 9000 District of Cairo; Steele 6000 in Arkansas; Schofield 15000 District of St. Louis (including new regiments at Benton Barracks); Totten 4000 in Central Missouri; Loan 2000 in Northern Missouri; about 10000 men in Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado.”] And follows telegram of Halleck to Stanton of 28 MAR 1862 revealing “elevated level of sickness experienced by men on Tennessee River expedition” (and lays blame on brigade and regimental surgeons of volunteers.) One-in-three reported sick, and is of concern because Halleck intends to make use of Grant’s Army… soon. OR 8 page 660 communication MGen Halleck to F/O Andrew Foote of 5 APR 1862: “I shall want a gunboat at Cairo ready to go up the Tennessee River in the early part of next week.” [With the successful run of USS Carondelet past the guns of Island No.10 on April 4th, Halleck knows it is “a matter of days” before Pope crosses his army and forces the trapped Rebels to surrender (in rear of Island No.10).] OR 8 page 661 communication Halleck to MGen Samuel Curtis (Army of the Southwest) on April 5th 1862: “Price and Van Dorn will soon leave your front [and the great battle of the war is to be fought on the Tennessee River.]” OR 8 page 672 telegram Halleck to Stanton of 7 APR 1862: “Buell’s advance force has reached Grant; entire force will connect in two or three days” [sent before news arrived at St. Louis IRT Battle of Shiloh initiated early 6 APR 1862.] OR 8 page 676 communication of 8 APR 1862 from Assistant Secretary of War Thomas Scott to Henry Halleck, alluding to “sequence of events” after Surrender of Island No.10.
  9. 2 points
    and found in the area of this high ground were numerous springs...good water..army is fueled by coffee. unlike what was to be had in Corinth later...
  10. 2 points
    Then again, I don't know how much that time mattered. The Confederates were disorganized, thus part of the reason they stopped. Had they continued on the attack, being so disorganized, I venture that the disorganization would have caused even more ill coordinated attacks, and potentially, disaster for the Confederates, if that makes sense.
  11. 2 points
    Review of To Rescue My Native Land by Wm. T. Shepherd It is not often that letters and diaries compiled by artillerymen during the Civil War are encountered, and this collection is a gem: the “Civil War Letters of William T. Shepherd.” Native of Wisconsin, who enlisted in Chicago as Private in Taylor’s Battery B, 1st Illinois Light Artillery 16 July 1861, Private Shepherd (sometimes spelled Shepard) is a gifted, intelligent writer who sent letters to friends and family back in Illinois on a daily basis. Encountered in the many letters: · Camp life (and looking forward to letters, newspapers and parcels from home) · Details of duty (and October 1861 Skirmish at Fredericktown) in Missouri · Description of duty (and Christmas) at Bird’s Point, Missouri. Letter of 10 NOV 1861 describes participation in Battle of Belmont. Letter of 9 JAN 1862 reveals “everyone at Cairo, Fort Holt and Bird’s Point is under Marching Orders” (which everyone believes is for “somewhere down the Mississippi River…”) Instead, a feint is conducted to the east of Fort Columbus, which “confuses everyone”). Letter of 1 FEB 1862: under Marching Orders, again… 8 FEB 1862: describes “how easily their Fort Henry became ours.” 16 FEB: Letter begins “while besieging Fort Donelson” and describes previous four days of activity, and ends abruptly when orders arrive to “reposition the Battery.” (See 21 FEB letter.) 28 FEB: “Our Captain Taylor has just returned from a visit to Nashville…” 12 MAR: aboard steamer Silver Moon, going up the Tennessee River… 21 MAR: at Savannah, returning to steamer for move up river… 23 MAR letter written from Pitsburg Landing. “Arrived aboard John J. Roe. There are 75000 men at this place, and more arriving constantly…” 25 MAR: “Captain Taylor has been promoted, and Lieutenant Barrett is now in command of the Battery.” Letters of 8 APR and 14 APR 1862: aftermath of Battle of Shiloh. And more good news: Private William Shepherd (who was promoted to Sergeant Major by the end of the War) also kept a Diary… Cheers Ozzy To Rescue My Native Land: the Civil War Letters of William T. Shepherd (edited by Kurt H. Hakemer) Tennessee University Press 2005 (365 pages) is available at amazon.con and better libraries. [Limited access: https://books.google.com.au/books?id=a6HQRB6UimYC&pg=PA331&lpg=PA331&dq=israel+p.+rumsey+letter&source=bl&ots=JG_cwqaoUX&sig=dQa8blZoWwiMXVAQGfu3JkaSAHE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiIg5yUx4nfAhUF448KHReGDdcQ6AEwBXoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=israel p. rumsey letter&f=false And for those able to visit Kenosha, Wisconsin: https://museums.kenosha.org/civilwar/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2018/05/Wisconsin-Resources-for-Website.pdf Civil War letters and diaries on file
  12. 2 points
    Mona and Stan When first investigating the history of the officer in question, I encountered newspaper claims that "he had been a classmate of Henry Halleck." But, with a birth year of 1823, to have attended West Point in Halleck's Class of 1839 would have meant entering the Military Academy in 1835... when this "cadet" would have been twelve years old. Upon further investigation, numerous claims of "graduated with the Class of 1843" were uncovered: the same USMA Class as Ulysses S. Grant. As Mona points out, the Cullum Register is deficient because it only records graduates of West Point; and the term "alumnus" was used by West Point to indicate a graduate (while other universities applied the term to include students who had merely attended.) As regards "the difficulty in Missouri" leading to the removal of this officer from command, the arresting officer was Brigadier General Stephen Hurlbut. But Hurlbut was found to be "impaired" soon afterwards, and Brigadier General John Pope arrested Hurlbut (Hurlbut was sent home to Belvidere Illinois by Major General Fremont "to await orders.") And so the situation rested until November 1861, when Fremont was removed, and Henry Halleck was installed as commander, Department of the Missouri. Cheers Ozzy
  13. 2 points
    From the Civil War Diaries Collection at Auburn University comes this Shiloh battle record, compiled by L. I. Nixon of Limestone County, Alabama. Incensed by hearing of the Confederate defeats at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, 38-year old Liberty Independence Nixon left his wife and seven children and joined Malone's Company... and on February 24th 1862 was on his way to Corinth. After a brief stay, Malone's Company of the 1st Battalion of Alabama Volunteers returned south to vicinity of Mobile Bay to gather supplies; then a return to Corinth on the M & O R.R. took place on March 4th. Camping a few days about a mile north of Corinth, Private Nixon and his fellows rode the train north to Bethel Springs (and may have heard the exchange of gunfire between Confederate soldiers and Lew Wallace's party, tasked with tearing up the railroad -- page 18.) Returning to Corinth on March 20th, Nixon indicates "they resumed the exact same camp ground, as before." And then, Private Nixon relates the story of "Beauregard's bodyguard finding a barrel of whiskey..." which led to Malone's Company being briefly assigned as bodyguard to General Beauregard. While in close proximity to Tishomingo Hotel, Private Nixon confirms "a rush" made on the hotel (also mentioned in Braxton Bragg's Letter of 20 March 1862.) Pages 24 - 27 reflect on camp life in Corinth. Page 27 records the units making up Gladden's Brigade: 1st Louisiana Infantry, 21st Alabama Infantry, 22nd Alabama, 25th Alabama, "Robisson's" Regiment of Artillery, and Nixon's unit, the 1st Battalion Alabama Volunteers commanded by Major Chaddick. Next day (March 30th) four new companies are added to the 1st Alabama Battalion -- now known as 26th Alabama Infantry Regiment. On page 28, the orders to cook three days' rations (3 April). Same day: "We left early and took up the line of march." Pages 28 - 30 recount the march north, the rain, and wagons getting mired in the mud. Page 31 records knowledge of the Picket Skirmish of April 4th (Private Nixon observed Yankee prisoners being moved south.) Pages 32 - 34 record the final approach towards the Federal camp; and about dark on April 5th Private Nixon and his fellows are sent forward on picket duty... The entire diary is only 46 pages long (and the first four pages are water-damaged from attic storage, so almost unreadable.) Fortunately, every page is transcribed at bottom: http://content.lib.auburn.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/civil/id/23854/rec/20 Private Nixon's Shiloh Diary.
  14. 2 points
    Liberty Independence Nixon, his findagrave page and his photograph. https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/25015250/liberty-independence-nixon
  15. 2 points
    I realize it is just one regiment in a large battle, but I often wonder if A. S. Johnston knew how somewhat unorganized many of the regiments in the Army were, i.e. the 26th Alabama Infantry. The organization was not led by Maj. Chaddick, but actually by Colonel John G. Coltart of Huntsville. I have posted before the letters of Lt. Benjamin J. Gaston of the 26th Alabama. Just 3 days before the battle, Gaston was writing and stated that he did not know the "number" (regimental designation) of his unit. I have seen other historians and writers erroneously attribute the leadership of the 26th to Chaddick rather than Coltart. My his memory always shine bright, but from memory in Shiloh Bloody April, even Wiley Sword mentions Chaddick being the commander of the unit. When Gladden's men stopped in the Federal camp, well, upon renewing the attack, at that point Coltart was wounded, and Chaddick took temporary control of the unit. Coltart received a severe foot wound, but, he had it tended to behind the lines and then returned to the fight. It seems amazing to me that many men went in to that fight not knowing who their commanders were nor their regimental unit designation. It is mentioned that some units were getting ammo resupplies for six hours, aka they were disorganized. Again, I can totally see how given the facts mentioned in the first paragraph. This seems reminiscent of Bjorn's April hike, The Division That Never Was. Johnston had to have known this state of disorganization, even before the battle began, and how it would/could bring massive confusion on the field. Pictured are Colonel John G. Coltart and Lt. Col. William Davidson Chaddick, 26th Alabama Infantry. The Major of the 26th Alabama at the time of Shiloh was Andrew D. Guinn/Gwin/Gwynne (several different spellings); Gwynne was severely wounded in the arm by a shell as noted in his service records. After Shiloh, he was appointed Lt. Col. of the 38th Tennessee Infantry.
  16. 2 points
    http://www.historynet.com/a-frolic-up-the-tennessee.htm#prettyPhoto Image of Lt. Seth Ledyard Phelps, US Navy. He commanded the Tyler, Lexington, and Conestoga on their naval raid after the fall of Fort Donelson. Neat article on naval activity setting the stage for the Battle of Shiloh.
  17. 2 points
    Sat, Nov. 3 forecast for those who believe that the weatherman is capable of predicting the weather more than an hour in the future: https://www.accuweather.com/en/us/crump-tn/38327/daily-weather-forecast/2085479?day=7
  18. 2 points
  19. 2 points
    The 47th Tennessee Infantry were the only reinforcements the Confederates received on the 2nd day of the Battle of Shiloh. This article is neat summation of the 47th Tennessee, the weapons they carried, and their action in the battle. Interesting short piece to read. https://emergingcivilwar.com/2016/09/08/the-47th-tennessee-infantry-at-shiloh/ Below: Col. Munson Hill of the 47th Tennessee Infantry, wearing fraternal garb.
  20. 2 points
    As to "The bill introduced by Senator Thurman for the relief of Col. Tom Worthington," the Columbia (TN) Herald & Mail 1878-05-03 indicated that Worthington delivered lectures as Sherman declined an inquiry. Two years later, the Chicago Tribune 1880-05-15 indicated that Worthington would get a cash payment ($962) to cover some of the period after his dismissal, but that he would get no court of inquiry from Congress. It would have been interesting if testimony had been given.
  21. 2 points
    Richard P. Derickson was a First Lieutenant in the 16th Wisconsin Infantry, Company K, at the time the Battle of Shiloh erupted. On that fateful Sunday of 6 APR 1862, he was at his duty station aboard "wharf boat" Iatan, acting in capacity of AQM for the Sixth Division (a position he had occupied since April 3rd, assigned by BGen Prentiss.) Part of Lieutenant Derickson's duties involved him creating and maintaining precise records, accounting for possession and distribution of Government stores... Kevin Getchell made use of Lieutenant Derickson's records in constructing his 2013 work, Scapegoat of Shiloh: the distortion of Lew Wallace's record by U. S. Grant. The author indicates that he "encountered the Derickson Papers at an auction, and purchased them." Exact copies of several of the documents created by LT Derickson are contained in Scapegoat of Shiloh. These records are valuable for determining activities of the embryonic Sixth Division in the days leading up to that contact in Fraley Field. Less well known: Kevin Getchell made copies of the original documents, and left those on file with Shiloh NMP https://www.jacksonsun.com/story/news/2015/04/02/shiloh-battlefield-commemorate-rd-battle-anniversary/70862666/ Jacksun Sun of 2 APR 2015.
  22. 2 points
    Pvt. James S. Matthews, Company C, 4th Illinois Cavalry (his rank at Shiloh was Private it appears). Matthews served as orderly for Gen. John A. McClernand at Shiloh. Residence Joliet IL; a 17 year-old Clerk. Enlisted on 10/7/1861 at Camp Hunter, IL as a Private. On 10/7/1861 he mustered into "C" Co. IL 4th Cavalry He was discharged for promotion on 10/31/1863 On 10/31/1863 he was commissioned into "A" Co. US CT 3rd Cavalry He was Mustered Out on 1/26/1866 Promotions: * 2nd Lieut 10/31/1863 (As of Co. A 3rd USCT Cavalry) * 1st Lieut 8/26/1865 He was described at enlistment as: 5' 7", light complexion, brown eyes, brown hair Other Information: born in New Jersey Sources used by Historical Data Systems, Inc.: - Illinois: Roster of Officers and Enlisted Men - Index to Compiled Military Service Records - Official Army Register of the Volunteer Force 1861-1865 - Illinois State Archives @ http://www.ilsos.gov/isaveterans/civilmustersrch.jsp (c) Historical Data Systems, Inc. @ www.civilwardata.com
  23. 2 points
    Interesting that the names of Grant's telegraph operator and Bodyguard/orderly are unknown for the Shiloh time period. Many General's would have more than one orderly, however, so that various messages could be carried at various times. Having said this, I imagine that if Thomas D. Holliday would not have been killed at Shiloh, that his service as Sherman's orderly would have been lost to history. His name is, probably, only remembered because he was killed while serving as Sherman's orderly.
  24. 1 point
    wonder why names were dashed out...
  25. 1 point
    Another witness to the Story of Grant and Prentiss was Orville Hickman Browning, career politician and lawyer from Illinois, involved in the State Legislature, and a lifelong friend of Abraham Lincoln (beginning with their shared experience during the Black Hawk War of 1831.) And, Mr. Browning kept a diary (some entries): 14 APR 1861 (Sunday, at Quincy Illinois) Learned that Fort Sumter had been captured by the traitors. 15 APR Received conflicting stories of the events at Fort Sumter. 22 APR Took the train to Springfield, and reached that place just after midnight. Found cars on the track filled with soldiers, under command of Colonel Benjamin Prentiss, about to start for Cairo. A scheme had been set on foot, by which traitors in Southern Illinois (the area was called Egypt) would act in confederacy with other traitors in Missouri and Tennessee to seize Cairo, cut off all of the State south of the Ohio & Mississippi R.R. and [establish a new State and join it to the confederacy.] To prevent the execution of so diabolical a plot, it was deemed advisable to anticipate them in the occupation of Cairo, and it is now in possession of 1200 of our troops, under command of Col. Ben Prentiss. [State militia Brigadier General Richard Kellogg Swift, under orders issued 21 APR 1861 by Governor Yates, rushed a force of 500 men and artillery south and took possession of Cairo. He then turned over command of Cairo to Colonel B. M. Prentiss, and BGen R. K. Swift returned to Chicago.] 23 APR (at Springfield) Visited Camp Yates in company with Marshall and Oglesby. 24 APR (Wednesday at Springfield) busied himself with affairs at the State House. And on 25 April 1861 a Special Military Bill (giving Governor Yates extraordinary powers during the current crisis) was debated. While the debate continued, Judge [Stephen A. Douglas] arrived and met with me; and we acted in concert to smooth out the Military Bill [which was passed into Law.] That night (25 APR) Judge Douglass made a speech in the Hall of the House declaring himself ready to stand by the Government to the uttermost extremity in putting down treason. 7 June Meeting of the bar this morning in Federal Court Room, Springfield, in regard to Judge Stephen A. Douglass' death (on 3 June 1861). [Orville Browning will subsequently be selected to fill the vacancy as Senator from Illinois, with effect from 26 June 1861.] 2 July Orville Browning, appointed as Senator from Illinois, arrived Washington, D.C. to participate in the Summer session of Congress. 6 July Met with President Lincoln at the White House. 11 July Met General John C. Fremont in Nicolay's room (Fremont had just returned from Europe, where he had undertaken major contracts purchasing arms and ammunition on behalf of the United States Government. Fremont had been in Europe since April.) 19 July Went to the White House to meet with the President. Found a number of others already there, discussing war matters. 21 July (Sunday) A great fight is going on today at Manassas Junction... At supper we received news that we had "forced the enemy back." 22 July News everywhere of the disasters at Bull Run yesterday... 25 July Discussion centers on Appointments of Generals for the War. Senator Browning intercedes on Benjamin Prentiss' behalf. 27 July Pope and Hurlbut already being appointed Brigadier Generals, we thought we would be entitled to seven more. I was for Prentiss, McClernand, Payne, Richardson, Palmer, Grant and Stokes. 28 July Entire Sunday spent in deliberations on proposed Brigadier Generals. The Democrats withheld votes from Prentiss and Palmer in order to give preference to Grant and McClernand. 29 July Met with President Lincoln and explained how the selection of Brigadier Generals had been carried out. President Lincoln told me he would only appoint three [from the list] at present: Prentiss, McClernand and Payne. 9 AUG Got order from the Department to Governor Yates for General McClernand. And went to Surgeon General to see about Hospital for Quincy [and Senator Browning departed later that day for home in Illinois, arriving 10 pm on August 15th.] 21 AUG Senator Browning took it upon himself to go to St. Louis and "see General Fremont about making a military post of Quincy." 26 AUG Following a constructive, but non-committal discussion with General Fremont, Senator Browning returned to Quincy. 3 SEP After learning of serious attacks on the Hannibal & St. Joseph R.R., Senator Browning decides to return to St. Louis to discuss current affairs with General Fremont in person. Travels by rail via Springfield, then to Mississippi River across from St. Louis. By September 5th Senator Browning is in St. Louis. 6 SEP General Prentiss arrived here (last night) on account of his difficulty with General Grant. At 1 pm I went with Prentiss, Governor Wood, Sam Holmes and Boyle to see General Fremont. Prentiss' difficulty was satisfactorily adjusted. Fremont does not censure him, but will reinstate him in Command... [And on this very day, Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant is taking possession of Paducah...] For those wanting to read more: https://archive.org/details/diaryoforvillehi20brow/page/498 Diary of Orville Browning.
  26. 1 point
    in case some have not seen the Shiloh NPS site..yet...on Anniversary Sat..the have planned period baseball games..field yet to be determined.There is a organization in Tennessee that has several teams that play ball as was done back in the 1800's. This should be interesting! Just hope we have baseball weather this year.
  27. 1 point
    Camp Near Columbia April 3, 1862 MAJOR-GENERAL HALLECK: Dispatch of yesterday received. The troops at Camp Chase are only fragments, and scarecely more than enough to guard prisoners. I am taking along the division which I designed to have provisionally in front of Columbia. I am not altogether satisfied to do it, but have diminished the force nearer Nashville to remedy it. D. C. BUELL Camp Seven Miles South of Columbia April 3, 1862 9 p.m. MAJOR-GENERAL HALLECK: My troops all on the march. I move ahead to join the leading division, now 40 miles from Columbia. General Sturgis is in Nashville. I have telegraphed him to report to you in Saint Louis. If General Stanley is sent to me I shall be pleased to have him. D. C. BUELL Major-General Headquarters District of the Ohio Nashville, Tenn., April 3, 1862 SPECIAL ORDERS, NO. 5. V. Unless it conflicts with special instructions he may have received or may hereafter receive from the Postmaster-General, Col. A. H. Markland, special agent Post-Office Department, will continue with and take general supervision of the mails for the Army of the Ohio until further orders. By command of Major-General Buell (OLIVER D. GREENE) Assistant Adjutant-General Headquarters District of West Tennessee Savannah, April 3, 1862 GENERAL WILLIAM NELSON, Commanding Fourth Division, Buell's Army: Your advance has arrived here. All difficulties in our neighborhood will be remedied before your arrival. U. S. GRANT Major-General, Commanding Headquarters Sherman's Division Camp Shiloh, April 3, 1862 CAPT. JOHN A. RAWLINS, Assistant Adjutant-General, Steamboat Tigress: SIR: I inclose herewith report of Colonel Taylor of his scout last night, and send, in charge of a guard, with one of my aides, Captain Taylor, the two prisoners--one prisoner of the First Alabama Cavalry, and the other a citizen, Dr. Parkes. Colonel Taylor is a most intelligent officer, and is fully impressed with General Grant's views relative to the unjust arrest of citizens. My orders to him were to molest no citizen, farmer, or mechanic whom he found at home or engaged in his usual legitimate pursuits. But this Dr. Parkes he found at a farmhouse on his way out, and afterward found him beyond, with attending circumstances to show he had given the other pickets warning whom I expected near Greer's. My plan was to post in ambush Colonel Smith's regiment of Zouaves at Greer's on Lick Creek. They started at 8 o'clock p.m. last night, with two excellent guides. The cavalry of Colonel Taylor was to take the Corinth road and turn toward Greer's. He executed his orders, capturing one of the enemy's pickets, whom I send forthwith for General Grant to question, as he is pretty intelligent. The Dr. Parkes I also advise should be held prisoner for having given important information to the enemy. I have yet no reports from Colonel Smith, and expect him back momentarily, when I will communicate the result of his scout. I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, W. T. SHERMAN Brigadier-General, Commanding Division Headquarters Division Camp Shiloh, April 3, 1862 COLONEL BUCKLAND, Commanding Fourth Brigade: SIR: You may march your entire brigade to-day forward on the Corinth road about 3 miles, by way of drill and instruction. When you reach the hill, send companies as skirmishers to the right and left a mile or so. Do not molest people quietly at their usual occupation as farmers, mechanics, but all persons armed, uniformed, or suspicious bring in as prisoners. Keep your men together, unless detached as companies, and allow no firing unless you encounter an enemy. I am, &c., your obedient servant, W. T. SHERMAN Brigadier-General, Commanding Division
  28. 1 point
    At the beginning of the 19th Century, Napoleon was seen as "the greatest military leader of recent times," and French was naturally the language to be learned in order to facilitate the study of Napoleon and his strategy and tactics. In the process, French terms for military ranks, units, movements, weaponry, etc were reaffirmed as "the correct terms" for universal understanding (and new French terms were incorporated into American military terminology.) The following link: a publication provided to American soldiers deployed to Europe in 1917 (with attention being directed to French Military Terms on pages 7 - 16.) https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.$b260555;view=1up;seq=5 French for the Army and Navy (1917). [And for a brief discussion of how French military tactics influenced the course of instruction at West Point: https://www.historynet.com/french-lessons-west-point.htm French Lessons at West Point, initially taught by Francis De Masson from 1803 - 1812 and making certain that military terms such as bastion, glacis and abatis were incorporated, and followed later by empennage, fuselage, nacelle, and aileron (when the airplane entered service.]
  29. 1 point
    During this "quiet season," here are a few more bits of wit attributed to U. S. Grant: General Grant was asked, "What would you have done with Gideon Pillow if you had captured him at Fort Donelson?" The General pondered, then replied, "Why, I would have turned him loose, of course. It's much better for us to have Pillow in command of Rebels, than tucked away as a prisoner." "What is your favorite music, General?" someone asked Grant. The question caught Ulysses S. Grant (a man who believed "music" was one of the triggers for migraine headache) momentarily off guard. "I have no ear for music," he replied. "In fact, I only know two tunes: one is "Yankee Doodle," and the other isn't." U.S. Grant was the first United States President to play golf... but not very well. During one outing, he is reported to have swung at the ball -- and missed -- more than he made contact. When asked afterwards, "What do you think of golf, General Grant?" the President replied, "Very good exercise," and nodded. "But, I fail to see the purpose of the little ball."
  30. 1 point
    i was referencing Grant titles by Smith,Kaltman and McFeely for help but had to go to grant himself for a couple...Had to answer in bits and pieces in between work..cant believe somebody else didnt jump in and finish before I found the answers.
  31. 1 point
    Mona The 1983 Shelby Foote interview is mentioned on google in the following format: MPB Classics: Postscripts: Shelby Foote -- A 1983 conversation with Mississippi author and historian Shelby Foote and will be broadcast at 4:30 pm on Wednesday 9 JAN 2019: https://www.tvpassport.com/tv-listings/stations/pbs-mississippi-public-broadcasting/2200 (scroll down to 4:30 pm.) [Note: On closer examination, the "tvpassport.com" site automatically converted to Adelaide Time, so 4:30 was Australia Central Daylight Savings Time... which was over four hours ago. Don't know when Mississippi Public Broadasting intends to run the programme again...]
  32. 1 point
    This was an interesting interview..and Ive always loved to hear him speak..maybe go to Mississippi Public Broadcast TV and look for pod cast there...
  33. 1 point
    5...Julia...after she saw this picture she didnt like the "two storied" beard appearance and also disapproved of his hat..that even to me ..seems a size or two too same.
  34. 1 point
    I would say the time from when CS troops stopped in the Federal camps until the attacks resumed, esp. on the Confederate center and right.
  35. 1 point
    On April 7, 1862, Assistant Surgeon Bernard J. D. Irwin, Army of the Ohio, established a 300 bed tent hospital at the far right of the Union Line in Cantrell Field. The surgeries were conducted in the Cantrell House. Other than the facts above, I know very little about this Shiloh tent hospital. Does anyone know how long the hospital existed? Were both Union and Confederate wounded cared for there? Did the Sanitary Commission assist in any way? How many soldiers died there? The Manassas Belle
  36. 1 point
    The Memoirs After her husband's death, Julia Dent Grant contemplated selling her extensive Letter Collection; and she set to work on a "personal biography" (which expanded into a Memoirs, which appears to have been nearly complete, but never published.) In about 1970 John Y. Simon (intimately connected with The Papers Of U.S. Grant) obtained the rights to publish that work by Mrs. Grant, and in 1975 it was released to the public by Putnam of New York. The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant (with Introduction by Bruce Catton) has been reprinted several times, and is available on amazon.com. The work is of value because it reveals in Mrs. Grant's own words, her evaluation of, and interaction with key Civil War personalities, including William Tecumseh Sherman, Edwin Stanton, John Rawlins, President and Mrs. Lincoln, the Hillyer Family (Captain William Hillyer was ADC to General Grant) ...and of course, "Ulys" Grant. The book begins with a discussion of Grant's drinking problem; moves into description of Julia Dent's childhood in Missouri, near St. Louis; reveals the courtship of Jules and Ulysses; the pre-war years; the Civil War years; Grant's Presidency, and world travels. Of obvious benefit for revealing a side of Ulysses Grant not frequently seen, excerpts of the book are accessible via Search Box at this link: https://books.google.com.au/books?redir_esc=y&id=tQaZhxwbLB8C&q=Lincoln#v=snippet&q=Lincoln&f=false Mrs. Grant's Memoirs
  37. 1 point
    Mona, In the letter I posted written by Lt. Hugh William Henry of the 22nd Alabama, he also states they were ordered to cook 5 days rations. He states, "Last Thursday our Brigade received orders to cook five days' rations and to march to Monterey. Owing to a delay in getting up the rations we only got two days' provisions cooked and the balance was loaded on a wagon. The wagon overturned and we lost 3 days' rations." He also makes note that they were "half famished", and "as weak as water". Stan
  38. 1 point
    On the back page of the Daily Missouri Republican of 25 MAR 1862 is noted: "The Iatan arrived yesterday from the Tennessee River." Three days later, in the Friday edition, the paper reported: "Captain James Gormley has resigned command of the steamer Empress and taken charge of Iatan. He will depart with her on Saturday..." The voyage on Saturday from St. Louis was a short one: just a couple of miles south, where Iatan pulled up to Arsenal Dock. After spending much of the day loading stores, Captain Gormley was replaced by Captain Edds; and late on Saturday/ early on Sunday the steamer got underway "on a Government trip," down the Mississippi, up the Ohio, up the Tennessee... and briefly stopped at Fort Henry to report, and to pick up passengers (Lieutenant Derickson of the 16th Wisconsin, as well as several recovered patients from Illinois hospitals are known to have embarked.) Iatan continued up the Tennessee River and may have paused briefly at Savannah before reaching Pittsburg Landing, where she arrived on Tuesday, April 1st carrying enough munitions to start her own war: 200 pieces 24 # solid shot 4800 # 200 pieces 32 # solid shot 6400 # 100 8-inch shells(Columbiad) 5000 # 45 barrels explosive powder 4680 # 43 boxes of gunpowder 6361 # 2 boxes gunpowder 386 # Total weight of munitions 27,627 pounds References: L.B. Parsons Papers AQM Office (St. Louis Arsenal) Bill of Lading for 29 March 1862 Scapegoat of Shiloh by Kevin Getchell Daily Missouri Republican editions of March 25, 28 & 30 of 1862
  39. 1 point

    From the album: Federals killed, wounded, or captured at Shiloh; and some who died in the greater Shiloh campaign before and after the battle; along with notable figures at Shiloh

    Lt. Col. Barton S. Kyle, 71st Ohio Infantry. He was killed on 6 April 1862 at the Battle of Shiloh while trying to rally his men who were fighting the 19th Alabama Infantry. The 71st Ohio Infantry marker is located at the Field Hospital site on the Federal left flank by the Larkin Bell field.
  40. 1 point
    Grant sallies forth… Why send Bennett? The answer to the question, “Where did General Grant go, upon arrival at Pittsburg Landing?’ can be determined by solving the Bennett Problem. Who was Frank Bennett? In April 1862, he was 1st Lieutenant with the 2nd Illinois Cavalry, Company A. And on the morning of April 6th, he was lined up with the rest of his company, just east of Shiloh Church, when Major General Grant approached and began a communication (more of a chat) with Captain John Hotaling (in command of Company A.) At conclusion of the chat, General Grant put Captain Hotaling on his Staff for the day, charged with “placing and best using Birge’s Western Sharpshooters.” To Frank Bennett, General Grant stated the following: “You will take your Company A and go with as much dispatch as possible to Crump’s Landing. Present my compliments to General Lew Wallace, and tell him to come immediately, you being the escort” [Fletcher page 50.] [Upon Frank Bennett meeting Lew Wallace, just before noon; and failing to persuade General Wallace to follow him back to Pittsburg Landing via the River Road, Lieutenant Bennett detached himself from General Wallace and returned directly to his starting point, where he was met by General Grant and Captain William Rowley at 1:20 p.m. (approx.) If it is assumed that Bennett took a bit longer to find Lew Wallace, than to return from meeting Lew Wallace, then the latest time (by Sherman’s watch) that Bennett could have started on his mission as messenger was 10:30 (but more likely, a few minutes earlier.)] In OR 10 page 184, Captain John Rawlins AAG reports, “First you met with General WHL Wallace… After talking to General Wallace, you then directed me to return to the river and send Captain Baxter [with orders for Major General Lew Wallace.] Grant met WHL Wallace at or near the top of the bluff, overlooking Pittsburg Landing. It does not make sense for this man to be waiting anywhere else (after sending away steamer John Warner, and awaiting Grant’s arrival.) If it is assumed that Tigress arrived at Pittsburg Landing at 9:30, and Grant met briefly with WHL Wallace at 9:40 it is likely that General Grant rode away west and met with “the acting commander of Camp Shiloh,” BGen William Tecumseh Sherman, at or just before 10 a.m. [In Sherman’s Memoirs, he indicates on page 272 that “General Grant and his Staff visited me about 10 a.m.” …a time that was seared into Sherman’s brain, due to the fact “everything was under control, prior to 10 a.m.” and “everything tumbled out of control – for a while, anyway – just after 10 a.m.,” with the loss of Waterhouse’s Battery. ] Badeau, page 79, also claims Grant met with Sherman at 10 a.m. At this 10 a.m. meeting, Grant may have learned from Sherman that “he was defending the Owl Creek Bridge, because he expected Lew Wallace to march across it when joining the Army.” Sherman would have known that the Bridge had been recently strengthened (to accommodate cavalry and artillery) and likely was aware that the Shunpike had been completed. [ Jacob Bieler and Louis Kern both of Behr’s Morton Artillery, indicated afterwards that they heard Sherman’s AAG Hammond direct Captain Behr to protect the Owl Creek Bridge, “because Lew Wallace is expected to come down the road and make use of the bridge.” ] In Sherman’s Shiloh report OR 10 page 248, he admits to, “Captain Behr was on the extreme right, guarding the bridge on the Purdy Road over Owl Creek.” But later, in one of Sherman’s many classic examples of “double-speak,” on page 250, he reports, “General McClernand and I, upon consultation, selected a new line of defense, with its right covering the bridge by which General Wallace had to approach.” This seamless conflating of one bridge with another (without mentioning the name of the second bridge, or its location over Snake Creek), allows the reader to draw an incorrect conclusion: the bridge over Snake Creek was always the destination of Lew Wallace; he “had to approach” the battlefield via that bridge… which Grant believed, but which was not true. [ I believe Sherman deliberately shaded his Shiloh Report, in successful effort to hide his own knowledge of the likely intended use of Owl Creek Bridge, in order to protect Grant from unwanted criticism.] If Sherman did not reveal the existence of the Shunpike (and its likely use by Lew Wallace), then the members of the 2nd Illinois Cavalry most certainly did make mention of their own use of the Shunpike to General Grant. Either way, the Poker player Grant maintained his composure, simply directed Lieutenant Bennett to “go north and bring Lew Wallace back to here,” and figured he’d fixed the problem… and must have been extremely surprised, at about 1:20 p.m., to find Frank Bennett, and no Lew Wallace in tow. Points to consider… · General Grant most definitely sent away Cavalry Officer Frank Bennett (with verbal orders for Lew Wallace, including the stipulation that, “Lieutenant Bennett act as escort, to guide Wallace and his Division to the battlefield.” ) If Bennett had been sent first, there would be no reason to send Baxter, or anyone else, via the Tennessee River. · WHL Wallace was the first General officer met upon Grant’s arrival, and that meeting took place in near proximity to the bluff, overlooking Pittsburg Landing. Colonel Tuttle had led the 2nd Division into position along the Sunken Road; and LtCol McPherson was away, placing Cavender’s Missouri Artillery in the most advantageous positions, in support of the Second Division. · “Something” likely happened to cause a delay to the departure of Tigress, carrying a messenger to Crump’s Landing: Rawlins may have intended to take the orders himself, but got caught up in other things (like establishing the HQ at the Landing); or, Rawlins wanted to send someone more knowledgeable, but no one else was available; or, Baxter was the only man available, and he required more instruction IRT the orders with which he was entrusted (and perhaps time was spent acquiring a horse for Baxter, to ride away from Crump’s Landing… not knowing a horse would be waiting for him, upon arrival at Crump’s Landing? ) · The whole after-battle reporting, especially as regards Lew Wallace, Grant’s late arrival at Pittsburg Landing, and the sending of multiple messengers for reenforcements… smacks of CYA. Times were massaged to make it appear Grant arrived aboard Tigress earlier than he did; “Nelson’s Division was camped south of Savannah, to facilitate Nelson marching that division through the swamp, if necessary” …is hog-wash. Reports were intentionally adjusted, in an effort to deflect blame (for bad decisions made by U.S. Grant.) · General Grant sending orders to Lew Wallace, in the manner he did via Baxter, only makes sense if Grant was not aware of the availability of the Shunpike. These orders (specifying that Wallace join the right of the Army) were sent away to Lew Wallace after Grant met WHL Wallace, but before Grant met Sherman. Grant sending away Bennett (less than an hour after sending away Baxter) only makes sense if General Grant suddenly realized that more than one option was available to Lew Wallace; an option that Grant only just realized: the Shunpike. [As Grant stated in his Memoirs, “I never could see, and do not now see, why any order was necessary further than to direct him to come to Pittsburg Landing…” U.S. Grant believed, up until the end of his life, that he had ordered Lew Wallace “to Pittsburg Landing,” but in neither of the orders (sent via Baxter or Bennett) did Grant specify Pittsburg Landing: Baxter’s orders directed Wallace to take position on the right of the Army; and Bennett’s verbal orders to Wallace were for Lew Wallace to “follow me to the battlefield” …but Lew Wallace already had trusted guides, capable of leading him to the battlefield, via the Shunpike.] · Andrew Hickenlooper, Sr. (father to Captain Andrew Hickenlooper, 5th Ohio Independent Light Artillery) was 65 years old, a member of the 5th Ohio Cavalry (assigned to Hurlbut) and became part of General Grant’s bodyguard after Grant left Hurlbut and rode west (to where the 5th Ohio Battery was in position, on the right of Prentiss.) Captain Hickenlooper in MOLLUS (Ohio) vol.5 page 431, makes mention of how he “witnessed General Grant, and the unexpected appearance of his father, riding in company with General Grant” while he was in position with General Prentiss in the Hornet’s Nest. Father and son had time for only a moment’s recognition, before Grant and his party rode away (to the west) and disappeared from sight. · How could BGen Stephen Hurlbut have learned of the repair of the Shunpike and its bridges? The 5th Ohio Cavalry was the main unit involved in that undertaking (primarily the Battalion under Major Hayes.) Colonel Taylor was in overall command of the 5th Ohio Cavalry; and Colonel Taylor was assigned to Hurlbut’s 4th Division. · As for Grant “sending away Rawlins” (after the 10 a.m. meeting with Sherman) there is no evidence Rawlins accompanied General Grant beyond his initial meeting with BGen WHL Wallace. The AAG received orders direct from Grant (who then departed to meet with Sherman) while AAG Rawlins made his way to “the log house, at the Landing” to establish an HQ (and in process met Baxter, and sent him on the errand.) Rawlins indicates he was not with Grant when the General met the 2nd Illinois Cavalry, lined up (but reports his knowledge of the sending of Bennett as having been told him by General Grant, in OR 10 page 185, bottom of page.) References: SDG “General Grant’s Decisions” 28 DEC 2016 SDG “Grant’s 9:30 arrival at Pittsburg Landing” (for details of the sandy-haired lieutenant, hatless, and with a bloody gash in his forehead, who reported to MGen Wallace) SDG “From a Jack to a King” 10 APR 2017 SDG “Where was Grant?” 21 DEC 2016 History of Company A, 2nd Illinois Cavalry by Samuel Fletcher MOLLUS (Ohio) Volume 5 OR 10 (part one) Grant’s Memoirs Sherman’s Memoirs Military History of U.S. Grant by Adam Badeau
  41. 1 point
    Interesting that so many accompanied the body back to Corinth and then to New Orleans.
  42. 1 point
    Good luck on finding info! They really were moved all over the place it seems. In some of the reports they are said to have moved back to the fence along the Peach Orchard and the house, and in other reports they don't mention that at all, but moving straight back to the position east of the road.
  43. 1 point
    When I refer to "green troops", I mean basically civilians. Basically no drill, never fired their weapons. Putting troops THAT green on the front lines is just insane. By sheer luck, they stood their ground. But, say had those green troops all run when the first shots were fired. The Confederates would have readily destroyed the other veteran units due to sheer weight of numbers. But, what if's. When looking at the Federal perspective it can't be said that "no attack was expected at Pittsburg Landing" AND ALSO say, "we were not surprised on April 6th". Those statements totally contradict one another. The Federals were surprised, plain and simple. Having said that, I think the Confederates were actually surprised when the dawn patrol came along. Hard to know if the Confederates were expecting it, or if when it happened they thought the weight of the whole Federal Army was about to come crashing down. Lastly, yes, Lew Wallace. I believe it simply is smoke and mirrors. Watch what the left hand is going while the right hand is actually at play. You hit the nail on the head Ozzy. By distracting the masses with Wallace being lost and late, the questions that really needed to be answered were swept under the rug. Point 5 is spot on.
  44. 1 point
    i would have thought he would have mentioned the gunboats firing all nite of the 6th..a very interesting account..
  45. 1 point
    I agree with Bjorn and his observation, in relation to points 3 and 4, that by placing green troops to encamp in your most advanced positions, some who had never fired their muskets, and likewise sending forward troops into line with no ammunition, was, well, a major mistake. How any military officer can allow such a tactical faux pas to take place is mind boggling. Not entrenching, Point 22, is one thing, but putting rookies in the front line of your army as your first defense, again, that placement of troops was not thought out to any extent. Either it was done on purpose, and whoever issued the orders for such a camp layout is an idiot, or it was not thought out, and still someone is an idiot, because it should have been thought out. The buck stops at Grant. It is hard enough to maintain control of an Army when you are with the Army, much less when you are hanging out at the Cherry Mansion and not “in the field”. I think you are right Ozzy. Grant was sly on this account. Praise your friends and those you want to see shine, barely mention others, again, to leave room for scapegoats, say nothing to shed blame on yourself (Grant’s late arrival). I, for one, have never thought much of Lew Wallace’s arrival in any shape, form, or fashion. His absence had no influence on the first day of battle. But, his arrival did influence the 2nd day, much more than he gets credit for IMHO. Was Wallace going to come in on the first day and somehow single handedly deliver a crushing blow to the Confederates? Looking back is hindsight 101. We know the number of troops involved. At the time, the combatants did not. Wallace was not going to go blindly plowing in not knowing what was ahead of him. So, the whole, “when did Wallace get his orders, why the counter-march, how did he get lost”, all the blah blah blah associated with Wallace has always puzzled me as to why modern historians are so engulfed by it.
  46. 1 point
    Thanks for all your hard work Stan.
  47. 1 point
    Upon reading the posts at SDG, it is evident that Confederate Cavalry officer, Basil Duke, is a favourite of many. A veteran of the Battle of Shiloh, who afterwards became involved with the progress of Shiloh Memorial Park (which eventually became Shiloh NMP), and who was often invited as Speaker at Dedication events... But, unknown to most, is that prior to the Civil War, Basil Duke was a base ball player. Born in Kentucky in 1838, Basil Duke took his Law degree earned at Transylvania College west and settled in St. Louis, where he joined his cousin's law firm and became involved in militia activities and base ball. A member of the Cyclones in time for the 1860 season, he played against other St. Louis clubs named Morning Stars, Unions, Tigers, Excelsiors, Independents and Empires, on fields around the city, recorded as Lafayette Park, Laclede Ground, Commercial Ground, Gamble Lawn Ground, and "the field immediately west of the Fair Grounds." In 1861, Basil Duke missed the March opening of the Season (away with "other activities") and as far as is known, never played for the Cyclones again. During 1861, the young man returned to Kentucky and signed on with another cousin: John Hunt Morgan. Base ball (spelled as two words) continued in St. Louis during the War (but often involved the club's "second nine," with their First Nine being otherwise engaged.) References: http://www.matrixgames.com/forums/printable.asp?m=1836953 Basil Duke and the St. Louis Cyclones http://thisgameofgames.com/home/category/basil-duke/ Jeffery Kittel's excellent Civil War baseball site (with focus on St. Louis) http://digital.shsmo.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/dmr/id/17105/rec/5 Missouri Daily Republican of 5 June 1863 with box score for Game played at the Commercial Ground between the Baltics and the Independents (won by Baltics 33 - 14) recorded page 3 Col. 5 (bottom). http://digital.shsmo.org/cdm/compoundobject/collection/dmr/id/11906/rec/19 Missouri Daily Republican of 9 July 1860 page 2, Col.10 announcing Game to be played that afternoon at 4 p.m. between the Cyclones and Morning Stars.
  48. 1 point
    I ran across this group in looking for information about my family history. I am a descendent of Captain Linus Anderson Mcclung. He died from wounds from Perryville days after being injured. He also had two brothers that served. Col Francis Barclay Mcclung and William Mcclung. They both survivedthe war. Do you know of any pictures of them? They were my grandfather's great uncles. Francis is buried in the Reynolds Cemetery in Glen Wilton, Va. Will died in San Francisco defending Lillian Coit from a attacker. His wife and her were friends. I am vert interested in anything about them and their service.
  49. 1 point
    I'll be there 5/6/7/8th and so what ever time works for everybody..
  50. 1 point
    OK I went through the parkl yesterday and the big cameras were there--you can see the pictures by google Dan Holland and for me it was trail and error to find which one but its not too far down the list.I asked him to put up more of Shiloh eagles because the first 2 are shiloh and the rest are at Reelfoot Lake in NW tenn.yesterday the male came in with a fish(as hehad many times that day but also had brought in a turtle aand rabbit)and we watched them shred it and feed it to the young-you could hear the eaglets vocalizing constantly.youall the are going to come in for the next few day if its pretty he'll most likely be out there and will allow you to look through his camera.==Mona
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