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  1. 1 point
    The 19th Arkansas Infantry (Dockery's) was mustered into service in southern Arkansas (DeValls Bluff) on 2 April 1862 under command of Colonel Hamilton Smead and immediately ordered to Corinth, Mississippi... but began arriving at Memphis on April 7th ...too late to take part in the Battle of Shiloh. Instead of going on to Corinth, the 19th Arkansas was directed to Fort Pillow, a few miles above Memphis on the Mississippi River (and the Confederate fallback position after fall of Island No.10) and transport was provided aboard CSS Capitol: http://www.rfrajola.com/JPMCSN/JPMCSN.pdf Collection of Confederate Covers by Robert Frajola (see page 48.) In a letter written aboard CSS Capitol by LtCol Thomas Hale he tells his friend in Fredericksburg, Virginia of the circumstances in Memphis as he found them on 7 April 1862. The 19th Arkansas remained at Fort Pillow for a few weeks, and suffered a number of deaths due to disease. After Fort Pillow was evacuated, the 19th Arkansas was sent to Corinth, and joined Van Dorn's Army of the West, Third Division (Dabney Maury) 1st Brigade (Dockery). [After Memphis surrendered 6 June 1862 the CSS Capitol was put to use as "support vessel" for CSS Arkansas, which was completed on the Yazoo River and made her famous run through three Federal fleets in July 1862.]
  2. 1 point
    Following on the Confederate evacuation from Corinth end of May 1862, many in the Government at Richmond became quite unhappy with the performance of General PGT Beauregard. President Jefferson Davis, in particular, harbored a grudge that stemmed from Beauregard's publication of his Manassas report in newspapers (criticizing Davis' role in not promoting pursuit of the retreating Federals as they fled pell- mell towards Washington.) The grudge festered with the death of Davis' friend, Albert Sidney Johnston at Shiloh, and Beauregard's cavalier report of that man's death, tacked into a telegram claiming Complete Victory on April 6th. The final straw that broke the camel's back was Beauregard's "unauthorized" evacuation from Corinth, without first engaging Federal forces in battle. It appears President Davis merely bided his time... and when Braxton Bragg reported that Beauregard had departed on sick leave (for a health spa near Mobile) the opportunity presented, and Davis struck, replacing Beauregard on 17 June 1862 with Bragg as commander of what would now be called the Army of Tennessee. Stephen R. Mallory, Confederate Secretary of the Navy, was one of the few Cabinet officers to keep a diary. His entry for 21 June 1862: "Interesting Cabinet meeting yesterday. President had ordered Bragg, who was second in command at Corinth, to proceed to Mississippi and assume command. Beauregard would not permit Bragg to go, but left Bragg in command, and goes himself to Mobile for his health. Beauregard, with the finest army ever found upon this continent, about 100,000 strong, remained about six weeks after the battle of Shiloh inactive, with the enemy in his front, and then retreated without notice to the President or War Department. And up to this time no reason for his retreat is known, and now he abandons his army without leave or notice. My own idea is that his mind has given way under the weight of his command; and that finding Bragg about to leave him, he ran away from an army he could not manage. If a soldier were thus to go off without leave he would be tried for desertion and be probably shot, and an officer would be shot or cashiered. Beauregard has never voluntarily fought a battle... and never will. Bragg is left in command, and he may do better." https://finding-aids.lib.unc.edu/02229/#folder_4#1 Diary of S.R. Mallory, Secretary of Navy (CSA) at Uni North Carolina Library.
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