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  1. 1 point
    I watched the Prentiss walk on You-Tube-- It was awesome, but there is an addition... At Fraley? Field and the first contact between the 3rd Miss Batt. and the 25th Missouri-- Professor Tim stated he believed the troops were armed with smoothbores... No they were not... Research shows the 25th MO. were issued Model 1842 rifles, .69 cal. firing big minies with long range rear sites and the Confederates some had rifles and even Sharps Rifles-- a very accurate and devastating weapon. The casualties were minimal-- not because of the use of smoothbores, but the darkness and distance between the contestants. At distances of 300 yards or more-- a soldier would have trouble sighting in and hitting a target-- especially when bullets are flying your way. The 16th Wisconsin were armed with the Class A Dresden Suhl Rifle, the 12th Michigan with .54 caliber Austrian rifles, and the 21st MO, Model 1842 rifled muskets, .69 caliber --all of them in Peabody's Brigade. The 23rd and 21st wore short jackets and bummers, the 18th Wisconsin in the State 5 button blouse and bummers some in black hats, and the 12th, I am still working on as to uniforms-- Tom
  2. 1 point

    From the album: Shiloh in the Fall

    The newly restored inscription on Peabody's star, denoting this as the site of his brigade headquarters.
  3. 1 point
    Does anyone know if the tree marking the grave of Surgeon Samuel Everett is still there and, if so, has it been identified? Is the big "E" carved in it still visible? Dr. Samuel Everett – enlisted April 29, 1861 as Surgeon 7th IL Infantry; honorable muster out July 29, 1861. Appointed Surgeon 10th IL Infantry July 31, 1861; Brigade Surgeon of USV, Sept. 14, 1861. Killed at Shiloh on April 6, 1862, he was, allegedly, the first Union Medical Officer killed in battle. In March 1862, Dr. Everett left St. Louis and reported for duty at Pittsburg Landing. During the Battle of Shiloh, he served as Chief Surgeon for Gen. Prentiss. A May 3, 1862 article in the Quincy [IL] Whig Republican newspaper states: "Dr. Samuel W. Everett ... was killed early in the action of Sunday morning, April 6, while gallantly cheering on and encouraging the men to stand their ground, and renew their exertions to repulse the over-whelming attack of the rebels on their division." Dr. Everett’s brother, Edward Everett, traveled to Pittsburg Landing to retrieve his brother's body, intending to return it for burial in Quincy. He was unable to obtain a satisfactory metal casket, and left Dr. Everett where he was buried. Edward kept a journal of his trip to Shiloh writing: On another page of the diary, Edward wrote: “Grave near an oak tree: A large E cut out with an axe; Name carved above; Head SW from letter H -- 9 ft.; Foot W from letter F--4 ft.; About 3 miles from upper landing SW from it clearing 100 yards S; A firm board at head with: Dr. Everett, Brigadier Surgeon of Gen’l. Prentiss Staff, Died April 6, 1862.” (Image of diary page below - courtesy of Historical Society of Quincy and Adams County) Just wondering if the tree is extant and identifiable? And if any of the writing is still visible? Thanks!
  4. 1 point
    [Henry Burnett from Wikipedia.] A big, burly man, Henry Burnett (had he participated in Battle of Shiloh) could have been the antithesis of Army of the Ohio officer, William “Bull” Nelson... Born in Virginia in 1825, Henry moved with his family to Kentucky while young and was educated at Hopkinsville. Entering local politics in 1850, Henry Burnett parlayed his experience into a run for National politics, and was elected as Member of Congress, representing Kentucky's First District in 1854. During the next six years, Congressman Burnett developed a reputation as gifted speaker of biting oratory, able to shame into silence opponents. With the nation edging towards Disunion, Henry Burnett threw his support behind the Cotton States. Returned to the U.S. House of Representatives following the Special Kentucky election of June 1861, Henry Burnett devoted his energy elsewhere: in response to Brigadier General Bull Nelson forming Union Camp of Instruction at Camp Dick Robinson, a rival training ground was named Camp Burnett. And Congressman Burnett organized a regiment of Kentucky troops to oppose Federal incursion into the State (and was elected Colonel of what became the 8th Kentucky Infantry, CSA.) In November, Colonel Burnett chaired the Russellville Convention, which created a shadow government for Kentucky and elected George W. Johnson as Governor (and which resulted in Kentucky getting the 13th star on the Confederate flag.) Sometime after the CSA Capital of Kentucky was established at Bowling Green, Henry Burnett took the field and joined the 8th Kentucky Volunteers. (And on December 3rd 1861 Mr. Burnett was expelled from the U.S. House of Representatives.) Present at Fort Donelson, Henry Burnett took advantage of a steamer evacuating General Floyd and General Pillow and other important people, and made his escape before the surrender. Henry Cornelius Burnett died in 1866. References: https://completely-kentucky.fandom.com/wiki/Henry_Cornelius_Burnett https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Kentucky_Infantry http://sites.rootsweb.com/~orphanhm/campboone.htm Camp Boone, Camp Burnett and the Orphan Brigade https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_Representatives_from_Kentucky https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Donelson_Confederate_order_of_battle Colonel Burnett is not listed (but Generals Floyd and Pillow are...) https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024443/1862-02-28/ed-1/seq-1/#date1=1862&index=10&rows=20&words=Floyd&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=Tennessee&date2=1862&proxtext=Floyd&y=0&x=0&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1 Athens Tennessee Post of 28 FEB 1862 page one has details IRT Battle of Fort Donelson (and mentions the steamer used by General Floyd, General Pillow and 800 others to evacuate was the Anderson.) Elsewhere, this steamer is named as the "General Anderson."
  5. 1 point
    Most people reference Gott's book when giving Confederate strength at Fort Donelson. Gott mostly uses the "tabular statement" compiled at the time: He then proceeds to make a few imputations for units not included above. Investigation has shown that every unit he imputed is already in this list. They are: Culbertson's Battery of 300; these were the men manning the water battery, but were detachments from units in the list. The battery was manned by Maury's (Ross') battery, Coy A of 30th TN and Coy A of 50th TN. These units are on the list, and Gott double counts them. Melton's scouts are listed in the table as having 15 men. Gott gives them 58. Major Fielding Gowan's Tennessee cavalry squadron is listed on the table as having 60. Gott estimates 170. The Kentucky cavalry coys were attached to Forrest's regiment, and are included in it (see the returns below). Gott doesn't list sources, but gives Huey's coy an incredible 112. Also, for no reason Gott added 150 surrendered to the 48th TN. Finally, there is an addition error in his artillery table. We also have the returns for the formations a mere two weeks prior to Fort Donelson: Of these formations, the majority of the 4th Division, the whole of Floyd's "division" and Clark's brigades, and the artillery and 7 regiments of Buckner's division were at Donelson. Fortunately Buckner broke down the regiments strengths in his report and it is close to 7/12ths of his January return, and can be accepted. The PFD at Donelson can be (over)estimated thus: Thus the estimate of 13,000 given by the likes of Pillow seems accurate. Note that the highest figure given by any confederate is by Preston Johnston, but he double counted Clark's and Floyd's brigades. Removing the double counts give 15,000, which is consistent with the returns.
  6. 1 point
    67th Tigers Thanks for providing clarity and documentation supporting Confederate troop numbers and identity of units assigned to Fort Donelson before the surrender of 16 FEB 1862. Another source of information: Prisoner of War records. The approximately 12000 Rebel prisoners were progressively shipped north after February 16th to Camp Douglas, Illinois (about 8000 men), Camp Morton, Indiana (3000) and Camp Chase, Ohio (800). These records are accessible at Family Search via the link https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1916234. [Click on "Browse through 51108 images" for record access. Free account with Family Search required for access to their records -- takes two minutes.] In addition, it appears one unit was assigned to Fort Donelson, but for some reason was posted opposite the fort, on the east bank of the Cumberland River. Scott's Louisiana Regiment (of cavalry) may have been kept on the other side of the river, on the orders of General Buckner, due to a recent outbreak of measles in the regiment. The location proved fortuitous, because the regiment was not surrendered; after February 16th Scott's Louisiana made its way east, passed through Nashville, and is next reported ahead of Buell's Army of the Ohio in March, likely responsible for destroying the bridge over Duck River near Columbia. Cheers Ozzy
  7. 1 point
    I have been interested in Dr. Samuel W. Everett from Quincy because of his connection with General Prentiss, his Quincy townsman, and thus with Dr. Patrick Gregg, Prentiss' fellow POW. Dr. Everett was educated as a youth in England and France. He served as an amateur physician in the Mexican War with his brother, Major Edward Everett. He had been the apprentice of Dr. Adams Nichols in Quincy since 1846, but had not received his M.D. before going to Mexico. On his return, he attended Dr. Pope's Medical College in St. Louis for one lecture series. He then went to New York where he studied under the celebrated surgeon Dr. Valentine Mott at NYU. Mott, in turn, had studied with Sir Astley Cooper in London and also spent a time in Edinburgh, generally regarded at the time as medicine's Mecca. So Dr. Everett's medical pedigree is above reproach, including his exposure to the urbane Dr. Charles Alexander Pope. Everett's surviving son Henry was a noted ophthalmologist in Philadelphia. Dr. Everett was shot in the forehead and abdomen at about 8 am on April 6th while tending to a wounded soldier. Some of you may have heard of his first cousin, Edward Everett , who entered Harvard at 13 and became it's President at 45. Cousin Edward had been a minister before he entered politics. Edward gave a 2 hour speech at Gettysburg just prior to when Dr. Samuel Everett's fellow Illinoisan made some brief remarks. Transactions of the American Medical Association, Vol. IV, 1864. p 213-5. Here is the prize: https://www.masshist.org/blog/1240 Enjoy!
  8. 1 point
    I have an account saying that in the weeks following the battle numerous civilians could be seen on the battlefield searching for the graves of their loved ones in an attempt at recovering their bodies to take home for a proper burial. Not to be too graphic but it was noted how gruesome it was for family members to exhume a body that had been buried for a couple of weeks, wrap it up, and take it home. There must have been an embalmer somewhere at Pittsburgh Landing or Savanah. In the 77th Ohio, Mr. Porterfield from Marietta, Ohio, traveled out to the Fallen Timbers battlefield and retrieved the body of his son William whose grave had been carefully marked by his comrades and took him home.
  9. 1 point
    Laura Just a few bits uncovered while researching Samuel William Everett (1820 - 1862)... he joined the 10th Illinois Infantry (under command of Colonel Benjamin Prentiss) in April 1861. Upon expiration of 3-month term of service, Surgeon Everett appears to have joined the Staff of Brigadier General Prentiss (along with Daniel Stahl) and served with Prentiss in Missouri. The 3-year 10th Illinois went on to serve at Island No.10 while Stahl and Dr. Everett accompanied General Prentiss to Pittsburg Landing, arriving there end of March or April 1st. As Commander of Sixth Division, Benjamin Prentiss received Lieutenant Edwin Moore from the 21st Missouri, and made use of that man as a courier during Day One, Battle of Shiloh (Moore had just delivered a message from Prentiss to General Grant in late afternoon of April 6th, which is why Lieutenant Moore avoided capture. He was available to answer questions of Edward Everett, Samuel's brother, during that man's search of the battlefield April 1862.) See references below for links you may find of interest. Cheers Ozzy References: http://www.whig.com/story/25769233/death-of-dr-samuel-w-everett-at-shiloh Search for grave of Surgeon Everett http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/fs/010-3fs.html Roster of 10th Illinois Infantry (3-month's service) http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=eve&GSiman=1&GScid=108928&GRid=156654553& Surgeon Everett at find-a-grave
  10. 1 point
    The Confederate recognized capital of Kentucky was Bowling Green. The Confederates left Bowling Green after the fall of FortHenry on February 6, 1862 and prior to the fall of Nashville so it was the first Confederate recognized capital to go under Union control. In Missouri the contender would be Neosho. The South recognized Missouri as a Southern state but that was later in 1861 and the Union had already occupied Jefferson City in June 1861. Then the secessionist Jackson government set up in Neosho on October 21, 1861. But ten days later the government moved to Cassville. This southwestern part of Missouri was in turmoil until the battle of Pea Ridge on March 7-8, 1862 so it is hard to tell which side was occupying which town at which time. Perhaps the Union could claim control of Neosho before Nashville fell. Claiborne Fox Jackson was the secessionist Rebel governor of Missouri who was driven into exile and tried to take Missouri into the Confederacy and failed. Jackson died on December 6, 1862. George Johnson was the Rebel governor of Kentucky with the Shiloh connection. The connection being he was killed there fighting on foot in the private ranks of the Orphan Brigade from Kentucky on April 7, 1862. On April 6 he was mounted but his horse was killed so he took an oath as a private and fought on April 7 in the ranks. After the secessionist government of Missouri fled the state they set up in Arkansas but ended up in Marshall, Texas and that is where the Missouri Confederate government was at the end of the war. Go Cubs!!!!!! Hank
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