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  1. 6 points
    Sometimes from the depths of anguish and despair emerges something beautiful and inspiring. Such is the case with a Christmas song that started out as a poem, written in the middle of a seemingly endless war by a man who was no stranger to either anguish or despair. I'll let the video below tell the rest of the story. It's very much worth a listen. However life may find you as we near the end of 2017, I wish you better days ahead, and a truly wonderful 2018. Merry Christmas, folks. Perry
  2. 5 points
    Thanks for the links Tim. I believe I've found my favorite way to take in these hikes. Google maps, a Trailhead map and Tony's excellent videos. Life is good!
  3. 5 points
    Not long ago, a friend of mine saw on Craiglists that a Battlefield Position Marker from Shiloh was up for sale. This struck him as odd, and sent me the listing over Facebook to see for myself. The marker itself is #402, Day 2 action, Jones Withers' Division, Chalmer's 2nd Brigade that states: C. S. ARMY OF THE MISSISSIPPI. Chalmers' (2d) Brigade, 9th MISS., 7th MISS., 5th MISS., 10th MISS., Withers' (2d) Division, Bragg's Corps. This brigade was engaged here on Monday, April 7, 1862, until about 1 p.m. My friend then contacted Shiloh National Military Park and informed them of what he had seen, and for the park to hopefully have it returned. I am very pleased to announce, it is indeed done. The Park Service responded saying the Marker was back in their possession, and that it had been taken from the Battlefield over 40 years ago. It looks a bit worn due to age, so I'm sure that it'll be spruced up a bit and retake it's rightful place on the Battlefield. So good news all around! -Paul
  4. 5 points
    For your viewing pleasure... If you see a typo or other mistake just put the problem here and I'll fix it! Bruce 155th Battle Anniversary Hikes and Tours.pdf
  5. 5 points
    I recall 10 years ago this April you gave some cards out and a local friend of mine came over to my truck one afternoon and handed me one of the SDG cards..I looked at it and he said "I told him you didnt have a computer" and you said to him..".maybe this will get her to get a computer." well I had to go to the library for several years. and am pleased to say that through this group I have learned so much,been able to "travel" with those who post pictures of other battlefields and meet some dear friends through this group.May we always stick together in our battlefield tromps.I also believe that most of us as youngsters were exposed to visiting historic grounds through a parent..I visited Shiloh,Stones Rvr,Chat/Chick/coast of N.C. where monitor/merrimac fought,several sites in NC,and though not CW Whites Sands Range,Lincoln Co NM.And any little stop in between ..this was prior to interstate travel so there were alot of sites to see along the way.Im looking forward to another 10 years! Mona
  6. 5 points
    Perry, I forget to mention in the above post that "THE WEST IS THE BEST" in reference to the better area of the civil war. Ron
  7. 5 points
    Perry, Congratulation's and a job well done to you. The discussion group went along through 10 years with your good leadership. I read your message about the origin of the group and was surprised because I thought it was started earlier then 2007. My big enjoyment has been reading all of the fine articles (posts) by the many knowledge members. I still regret the passing of Art Bergeron. My biggest regret is not getting to any anniversary trip to Shiloh and meeting the other members. My wife and I made two trips, (2000, 2005) just before the group started up. Too soon. I enjoyed both trips a lot specially the second trip. During this trip, I got out of the car and walked into the woods to read some tablets that were not visible from the road. It was this walking that increased my interest and enjoyment of Shiloh. I was encouraged to go home and start writing my book about Shiloh.. I'm still working on it. Congratulations to Perry and every member who has enjoyed all of the fine posts. Remember, work back to the earlier posts because they are very interesting. Ron (I do miss not meeting any of you in person).
  8. 5 points
    I am the new Archivist at Upper Iowa University, and if there is anything that I can help with regarding any of the University Recruits or Dr. Parker - please let me know. I am fairly new to this position and am fascinated by the history of the University and the involvement with the Civil War. I will also see about fixing the sign quoting the Collegian, which was the student newspaper. Below is some information about the flag. Upper Iowa University Civil War Flag In 1861, 19 young recruits from Upper Iowa University were among the men mustered into Company C of the 12th Iowa Regiment. Female students at UIU hand-sewed a flag and dedicated it to the troops in a special ceremony. The flag displayed in the UIU Library was the second flag sewn by the UIU students, as the first was lost at the Battle of Shiloh. The flag was cleaned by conservators at the State Historical Society of Iowa who volunteered their time (approximately 200-250 hours) "in honor of those who served under the folds of this great flag." The flag was encased and displayed backwards to show the better side, as the opposite side shows obvious deterioration. Description from conservator: "The artifact is a representation of a National (non-issued) flag of the United States bearing Thirty-four stars. It is hand sewn and not mass produced. Stitch count varies from 9 to 10 stitches per inch (both seams and stars) and there is visual evidence of several different hands taking part in the work as evidenced by the relative fineness of the stitcher. The material is cloth of both cotton and wool and is constructed of single layers for the canton and stripes. The stars present in the canton are appliqued to both sides of the fabric of the canton. The Field itself consists of thirteen alternating red and white wool stripes (7 red and 6 white) consistent with extant Federal laws of the period of the American Civil War (1861-1865). The stripes are connected to one another by 1/8" side overlapping seams. Top and Bottom edges of the field are hemmed. The fly end hem is rolled over a cotton cording which is secured in place by a single row of hand stitches. Though the fly end has a fair amount of "shatter" some of the cording is yet visible in place. The dark blue canton is inset into the upper hoist corner and secured to the field with the same, previously noted 18th-inch hand seaming. The canton rests on the 8th stripe, and there are seven alternating red and white stripes adjacent. There are thirty-four each, five-pointed stars within the orders of the canton, and these are appliqued to both sides thereof. A partial, non-original, staff and associated cords and tassel pendants are present."
  9. 5 points
    Greetings, In anticipation of the upcoming battleground day at Fort Donelson on November 5th I thought I would post some photographs I have accumulated over the years with the intention that they might assist those who have not been to Fort Donelson and Fort Henry and Fort Heiman before. There are two threads moving forward on the Fort Donelson hike. This one referred to a Fort Henry hike so I decided to post information on Fort Henry and other locations here. At Fort Henry earthworks remain for both the inner works and the outer works. In the last ten years information signs have been placed in some locations. You can get near Panther Bay where the Union camps were located. When you drive to the Ft. Henry location you pass through remains of the inner works of the fort as shown in the following three photographs. The first one is from 2004 and the other two from 2007. 1. The gentleman standing in the trench with the gray-green coat is Kendall Gott, author of Where the South Lost the War (Kendall said that the title was chosen by the publisher, not him). To his right wearing a greenish cap and sweater is the indomitable Ed Bearss. 2. Not a great shot but you can see earthworks in the background. 3. This is probably a closer view of the earthworks shown in photo 2. In the last seven years, or so, access and signing on the outer works permits easy access. The following photographs show Confederate outer works. 4, 5, 6, 7 8. The outer works end at the lake and there is a sign. 9. There is a pole in the water and that is probably close to the site of Fort Henry. The site of Fort Heiman is now part of the Fort Donelson National Battlefield and there is easy access to it. The following photographs show the entrance sign, surviving earthworks and a view of the lake indicating how high up the fort is from the river. There was no danger of this fort flooding but it was not finished. The state line between Tennessee and Kentucky is in the center of the lake at this location and Fort Heiman sits in Kentucky and this could be one of the reasons Fort Henry was located in the flood plain and not on the western bluffs. 10, 11, 12, 13 Following are three photos I took at the 150th anniversary. The Rebels had marched all the way from Fort Henry and entered Fort Donelson. 14, 15, 16 It was a great day as they entered the park. Quite different than the conditions in 1862. The next photo from 2010 is included because there are three guys in it with whom I have spent considerable time studying civil war battles. We were out reconnoitering between Fort Henry and Fort Donelson on a wet day and got a lesson as to the slippery Tennessee mud. The maintenance crew from Fort Donelson came out and unstuck us. On the left is Kendall Gott. Then Parker Hill who has an organization called Battle Focus and Parker was instrumental in developing the Raymond battlefield site in Mississippi. The third fellow is Len Reidel, executive director to the Blue and Gray Education Society. 17. The next photo is simply a look pass the lower battery at the Cumberland River at Fort Donelson from 2010. 18. Another photo from 2004 showing Kendall Gott and Ed Bearss. I am one of 20 people who listened to Ed Bearss give a description of the battle of Thermopylae, on site, in Greece, in 2010. Flying back from Athens, Ed and I were on the same plane but not sitting together. However, I noticed Ed spent most of the flight reading as he is constantly increasing his knowledge so he can give his enthusiastic presentations. 19. The next two photos are from 2006 on a trip in February. We were greeted with similar conditions, but not nearly as bad, as those the Union and Rebel forces faced in 1862. Kendall Gott is in the first photograph lecturing some of us while the others stayed in the van. It was cold. 20, 21. On February 15, 1862 the Confederates launched their break-out attack at dawn and the objective was to open the Forge Road for escape. The following four photographs were taken when we walked the old Forge Road down to Lick Creek. (Yes, Fort Donelson has a Lick Creek too) To the left as we walked down the road is Dudley’s Hill which is where McArthur took his second position after being flanked out of his first position. McArthur’s retreat from his second position was from the left of these photographs and then up a high steep hill to the right. 22, 23, 24, 25. The next two photographs show earthworks protecting a Union battery. I believe this earthwork protected a couple of guns of the 1st Missouri Battery K under Capt. George H. Stone that took position near the left flank of the Union line behind C. F. Smith’s division. They are on private property 26, 27. In 2004 I was on a trip where the Park provided us access to the basement of the Dover Hotel and here is what it looked like. 28, 29, 30, 31. At the 150th Anniversary Julia and Ulysses Grant paid the Park a visit. 32. Grant displaced the Widow Crisp from her farm cabin and slept in her featherbed during the battle for Fort Donelson. The Widow Crisp was just 24 years old and local history lore has it she claimed to be a widow because her husband was off fighting in the Rebel army. She stayed in the area and remarried at some point. She is buried in the cemetery of the Trinity United Methodist Church which is located along The Trace Road or Highway 49 north of highway 79. The following two photographs from 2011 were taken in the cemetery. 33, 34. In 2011 the Stewart County Chamber of Commerce building just west of the entrance to Fort Donelson had a display of quilts made by the widow Crisp. The display might still be there. The third quilt shown was used by General Grant to ward off the chills during those cold winter nights of February 1862. 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40. You really did not believe the above quilt was used by Grant during the battle, did you? Perhaps it was. These quilts are claimed to be from the civil war era. That ends the photographs so now it is time for a little more of my favorite pastime; revising the history of Fort Donelson. This revision concerns the route taken by the retreating Rebels from Fort Henry to Fort Donelson. The maps show two roads from Fort Henry to Fort Donelson. The northern road was labeled the Telegraph Road because the telegraph line between Fort Henry and Fort Donelson followed that road. The southern road is labeled the Ridge Road because it ran along a ridge. A quick way to identify a McClernand hater is when that person blames McClernand for the escape of the rebel garrison. There were heavy rains on the night of February 5, 1862 and the creeks were flooded and McClernand’s division with his artillery bogged down and could not even get to the Telegraph Road before Foote claimed the prize. The general conception is that the Rebels retreated via the Ridge Road. I always thought that until the week of the 150th anniversary when I was going to try to see how much of the Confederate retreat I could find. While researching the Rebel reports of regiments that made the retreat from Fort Henry in the Official Records I ran across a single sentence from Milton A. Haynes, Chief of Tennessee Corps of Artillery (page 147 of Series 1, volume 7) that stated the following: “At 2 a. m. our forces reached Fort Donelson, with the loss of only a few men, having marched 22 miles, and forded Standing Rock Creek at five deep and rapid fords.” It was hard to imagine fording a creek so many times when traveling on a ridge road and Standing Rock Creek is a couple miles south of the Ridge Road. Jim Jobe was the park superintendent for Fort Donelson during the anniversary festivities so I asked him about the actual route taken by the retreating Rebels. Turned out Jim had recently written about “The Battles for Forts Henry and Donelson” in Volume XXVIII, #4 of Blue and Gray Magazine. (I thought I had a copy but could not find it. Of course this issue is not available on the website as a back issue order). For his article Jim retraced the Rebel retreat route and believed he had located the five ford sites. I did it also and came up with five crossings of Standing Rock Creek. Jim’s family was living in the area of Standing Rock Creek during the civil war and he said it is possible that his great-great grandmother might have watched the Rebels retreat pass her house. (I might not remember exactly what Jim said but it was along these lines) The importance of knowing the exact route the Rebels took is that it shows just how impossible it would have been to cut them off from retreat because they retreated on a route that was further south than the Ridge Road. Where the ridge road crosses highway 79 is easily discerned because you can follow the route via signs south of highway 79. North of highway 79 you are in the Land Between The Lakes National Recreation Area. Looking at the map Transylvania sourced showing the Forts Henry Trails System I would guess that where the trail crosses highway 79 is near the number 15 marker on the map. As noted on the map the Artillery Trail probably follows the old Ridge Road used by the Union forces to approach Fort Donelson. For those planning a hike in the Fort Henry area on Sunday I thought this additional information would be helpful. Hank
  10. 5 points
  11. 4 points
    Hello everyone. This is to let you know that we're ready to go with our next Epic Trek, with historian Tim Smith. This will be our seventh consecutive year with Tim, and it promises to be another great experience. Here are the details: Price: $30 per person. Payable on the morning of the hike. Date: November 3rd, 2018. Location: Shiloh National Military Park Start Time/Place: 8:00 a.m. at Ed Shaw's, just south of the park. (Not completely set in stone just yet on Shaw's, but Mona or I will keep you posted.) If you're not sure how to get there, don't worry, we've got you covered. Focus of this year's hike: We're going to be following in the footsteps of the Confederate army's Alabama troops, and learning about their experience at Shiloh. (See professionally drawn map, below.) Overview: We'll be heading out from or near Ed Shaw's, and head off toward Spain Field with the Alabama troops of Gladden's Brigade. From there we'll reinforce John K. Jackson's Bama boys as they navigate their way through the ravines east of the Peach Orchard and help encircle the Union soldiers trapped in the Hornet's Nest. Then we'll re-up with some of Gladden's men and plunge into the Canyon of Pittsburg Landing, better known as Dill Branch Ravine. Then on to lunch near the visitors center. After lunch it's off to the west side of the park, across Canyon Jr. (Tilghman Branch), to the site of Ketchum's Alabama Battery. Then we'll begin working our way back to the south along the April 7th battle lines, and our starting point at Shaw's. Total distance for this hike looks to be roughly nine miles, with terrain ranging from easy to most definitely not easy. We should finish up between 4:00 and 6:00, based on previous hikes. As always, sturdy hiking footwear is strongly recommended. Here's that (not quite) professionally done map, outlining our basic route through the park: Check back here for updates, and feel free to ask questions either here, via Private message, or by email @pcuskey@gmail.com. Hope to see everyone in November. Perry
  12. 4 points
    The day after the Fort Donelson hike with historian Tim Smith, a few of us ventured out to the site of Fort Henry along the Tennessee River (now Kentucky Lake). This was my first time visiting the area, and I certainly hope it won't be my last. If you've heard folks talk about how beautiful is the Land Between the Lakes, there's a very good reason. And the history speaks for itself. Part of that history is the incredibly unfortunate location of Fort Henry. There are reasons that explain why the fort was situated where it was, but none of them change the fact that it was a lousy spot for a fort. The number one problem - and number two, three, four, and counting problems - was very simply that the ground near the river chosen for the fort was far too low, and prone to flooding. "Fort," "river," and "flooding" should never go together in the same sentence, especially if you're basically depending on that fort to protect the entire length of the river behind it. But that was the situation at Fort Henry. Perhaps it's fitting then, if somewhat sad, that when the Tennessee Valley Authority dammed up the Tennessee River in the 1920's and 30's to create Kentucky Lake, what remained of Fort Henry was forever submerged beneath the waves. The only thing left above water are some of the outer trench works. Here's an image from Google Maps, showing the approximate modern-day location of Fort Henry (on the right) and also Fort Heiman (on the left, on the Kentucky side of the river). It probably goes without saying that the Epic Crayon Drawings are not exactly to scale... And here is an absolutely beautiful painting titled "Battle of Fort Henry," by a talented artist named Andy Thomas. I'll provide a link to his website at the end of this article, as he deserves the credit for one thing, and he has a number of other paintings that you will most assuredly want to see for another. But this is probably what the fort looked like at the time of the Union gunboat attack. You can see what everyone means when they describe this fort as being flood-prone... In fact, when the fort finally surrendered, the Union officers accepting the surrender actually entered the fort in a boat, rather than on foot. Two days later, the entire thing was underwater. I still can't decide if that's funny, or sad. Even though the modern-day Tennessee shoreline isn't the same as in 1862, you can still get a sense of how problematic the location was for the defenders when you visit there today. Here's a picture I took during our November visit. My best-guess is that this is looking right into the heart of where the fort would have been. Note how flat the shoreline is, and compare it to the Andy Thomas painting above... Here's another view, with more Epic Crayon Drawings. The yellow line is supposed to represent the fort (not to scale - as if you couldn't tell ) and the red circle shows the location of a navigation buoy in the river, marking the approximate northwest corner of Fort Henry. So you can use that to gauge where the fort was, and roughly how large it was... Here's a view of the much better situated Fort Heiman, across the Tennessee River from Fort Henry. I've labeled the fort's location. Even though it's a fair-distance away, compare the shoreline with that around Fort Henry. Simply put, there is no comparison. Jumping across the river, here's another incredible Andy Thomas painting titled "The View from Fort Heiman," looking back at Fort Henry from Fort Heiman during the gunboat attack... And finally, here's a very rough approximation of that same view today... Note that you can only get this particular view after descending a pretty steep embankment, so be very careful if you decide to try it. I'd rough-guess it to be about a 45-degree angle about halfway down, and then a sheer drop the rest of the way, just below where I took the picture from. I'm stubborn, which is why I tried it, but just be aware that I'm most assuredly not recommending anyone else do the same thing. If you do, proceed at your own stubborn risk. All in all it was a great visit, and very instructive. It isn't really any different from what we've read, but as is usually the case, seeing the ground in person gives you a greater appreciation for what the folks had to deal with at the time, all those years ago. Here's a link to Andy Thomas' main website. I promise you won't be sorry you checked out his paintings: http://www.andythomas.com/ You can view his Civil War paintings here: http://www.andythomas.com/civilwarprints.aspx And his Fort Donelson, Fort Henry, and Fort Heiman paintings can be found here: http://www.andythomas.com/fortdonelson.aspx Perry
  13. 4 points
    Captain Henry Binmore It is said that a good leader surrounds himself with good people. And, as has been discussed, Benjamin Prentiss had a number of good people in his employ, following on his election as Brigadier General (by the troops he was to command), on May 8th 1861, in charge of the Illinois Brigade, with HQ at Cairo. And those individuals selected by Prentiss contributed to the success of their General; and in return saw their own careers go from strength to strength. One such individual, not yet discussed, is Henry Binmore. A native of London born in 1833, Henry migrated to Montreal Canada at age 16 and became a journalist, self-taught in the skill of shorthand notation. After moving to the United States, the young man worked as reporter for newspapers in Illinois and Missouri, and got caught up in the phenomena that was Stephen A. Douglas: a rising star on the National stage, whose debates in 1858 with chief contender for a Senate seat from Illinois -- Abraham Lincoln -- also propelled that man into the National spotlight. Reporter Binmore published articles from those debates, all conducted in Illinois, in the Chicago Times and the Missouri Daily Republican... and probably led to Binmore gaining the notice of Senator Douglas (who won the election). Henry Binmore was employed as Secretary to Stephen A. Douglas, and remained with that man until his untimely death in June 1861. Private Secretary Binmore was suddenly in need of employment; and Brigadier General Prentiss was in need of a competent record-keeper/administrator. Given the rank of Captain, Henry Binmore became Prentiss's Assistant Adjutant General, and followed General Prentiss from Illinois to Northern Missouri. And when Benjamin Prentiss was assigned to duty with Grant's Army in Tennessee in March 1862, prospective assignment as Commander of the new Sixth Division, it may have been Captain Binmore who went ahead and reported at Savannah (while General Prentiss was busy with tasks assigned by Henry Halleck, and completed at Cairo, Mound City and Fort Henry.) It may very well have been Henry Binmore to whom Colonel Madison Miller reported on or about March 31st 1862, and received camp assignment for the 18th Missouri Infantry. (Next day, Miller records meeting General Prentiss, in person, and being assigned as Commander of 2nd Brigade, of the Sixth Division.) As AAG for the Sixth Division, Captain Binmore applied skills learned and practiced in Missouri to write and disseminate orders, and keep the books for General Prentiss. It is unknown how successful was Captain Binmore on April 6th, suffering the same surprise as the rest of the Sixth Division; and forced to flee north before 9 a.m., where it appears he remained close to General Prentiss in the Hornet's Nest (likely keeping an account of the Day's happenings -- and probably employed to deliver orders to units, close by, especially while Prentiss' designated courier -- Edwin Moore -- was away delivering one of the many messages to General Grant.) Before 4:30 p.m., about the same time Benjamin Prentiss ordered north the artillery batteries belonging to Hickenlooper and Munch (Pfaender), the General also ordered Captain Binmore to the Landing... and so, General Prentiss was without Staff when he was taken prisoner before 5:30 (Surgeon Everett having been killed earlier in the day.) A Staff officer without a General to serve, Henry Binmore applied to Stephen Hurlbut, and found employment as volunteer Aide de camp. In December 1862, when Major General Hurlbut was put in Command of the new 16th Army Corps, with HQ at Memphis, Binmore was promoted to Major, and then Lieutenant Colonel, and became Hurlbut's AAG. At the conclusion of the War, Henry Binmore returned to Chicago and found employment as a Law Reporter (while studying law.) Passing the Illinois Bar before 1890, he continued to work in the legal profession, and the writing of law-related documents and papers, until his death in 1907. Just a bit more to the story of the Sixth Division... Ozzy References: http://archive.org/stream/lincolndouglas2184linc#page/n121/mode/2up/search/photograph Henry Binmore bio pages 80 - 81. OR 8, OR 10, OR 24 (various pages) Shiloh Report of General B. M. Prentiss http://archive.org/stream/cu31924022842433#page/n0/mode/2up/search/Binmore Henry Binmore's legal papers A Politician Turned General: the Civil War Career of Stephen A. Hurlbut by Jeffrey Norman Lash (2003) Kent State Press, page 110. http://newspapers.library.in.gov/cgi-bin/indiana?a=d&d=PT19071107.1.8 Plymouth Tribune 7 NOV 1907 page 8 col.4 "Reporter dies" SDG post March 2018 "The 18th Missouri Infantry" [Colonel Madison Miller] [Sketch by Robert Marshall Root] Lincoln - Douglas Debate of 18 SEP 1858 at Charleston Illinois before a crowd of 15000 people. Prominent on the Speaker's Platform are Abraham Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas, and scribbling away below Lincoln's left arm, Henry Binmore. [From Scenic and Historic Illinois (1928) by Charles E. Brown.]
  14. 4 points
    All, Well, as many of you know, I have worked a long time to develop the best image collection related to the Battle of Shiloh, and also, Corinth, Fort Donelson, and Iuka. Never have thought to ask before, but if anyone has any images, or knows of any images, related to these battles, especially Shiloh. Let me know, I would love to add them to the appropriate album. I would speculate that the Shiloh Confederate and Federal albums is the largest online collection of images related to the Battle of Shiloh available, well, anywhere. Hope everyone enjoys them! Stan
  15. 4 points
    Jim - here are a few screenshots from my gps app showing where we hiked, with some added tags (I hope I got them right - if not someone will let us know). I included the elevations around Tilghman Branch since Tim asked about it.
  16. 4 points
    I have my reservation in Savannah and plan to be there as scheduled. Since the research I have done over the years involves Prentiss, Peabody, Powell, the opening of the fight and the Sunken Road and Hornets’ Nest I invite anybody from this group and any others who have an interest to meet me at 9 AM on Sunday, Nov. 12, at the Prentiss headquarters monument where I will share information on Prentiss. Then I plan to visit Peabody’s monument to have a discussion of what happened in the opening of the fight. After that we will make a trip to the Hornets’ Nest to discuss the action there and along the Sunken Road. Other details like the amount of walking and time frame will be worked out once we get started. I have no fixed time for ending but figure on continuing as long as there is an interest to do so. I was going to offer to do this after the morning Trabue hike but since those plans have changed I adjusted to start Sunday morning. Hank
  17. 4 points
    A little fun from some of our Epic Treks.... (Photo credit: Michele) (Photo credit: Ed Wertz) (Photo credit: Mike Talplacido) (Photo credit: Michele) (Photo credit: Michele) (Photo credit: No one claims this one) (Photo credit: Mike Talplacido) (Photo credit: Michele) We'll be doing another Epic Trek this November. Why not join us? You'll have a great time, and who knows, you might wind up as a caption. Perry
  18. 4 points
    Hi Folks, After heading up to Fort Donelson this past fall, we're returning to Shiloh for our next Epic Trek adventure with historian Tim Smith. This time we're going to focus on Lew Wallace and his controversial role in the battle. Tim is going to lead us on a combined driving/walking tour of Wallace's infamous march from Crump's Landing to the battlefield on April 6th, and explore the controversies surrounding this march. After lunch, we'll then re-trace Wallace's fighting advance on April 7th as part of the Union counter-attack. In 2005, Tim led a small group of rangers and historians on what was likely the first complete re-tracing of Wallace's march since the battle, so he knows the ground and the subject well. The hike will take place on Saturday, November 11th, 2017 - Veterans Day. We'll have more information later, but I wanted to get this out there so everyone can start planning to join us. It should be another great hiking adventure, so mark it on your calendars and make plans to be there! Perry
  19. 4 points
    A few more. Pictures courtesy of Ed Wertz, and used with his permission. He also gets caption credit for the first one.
  20. 4 points
    Hi there guys. I received an email from the great-granddaughter of Augustus Hervey Mecklin after she came across this discussion and saw the question about her ancestor's diary. According to what she told me the diary is in the Mississippi Department of Archives & History. Here's their main website: http://www.mdah.ms.gov/new/ She added that you can't handle the original anymore (she was able to do so at one point), but you can order copies of the original diary, as well as a copy of a typed transcription made by one of his granddaughters. She did say that the transcription contains at least one error. I did a search using his name but did not get any results, which I'm sure simply means that the diary is not yet available online. But likely you can arrange to get a physical copy by contacting them, as she outlined. I'm not sure if his great-granddaughter wants her name posted on a public board so I won't do so, but her helpful information is very much appreciated. Perry
  21. 4 points
    Here's my own little Then & Now submission. The one on the left was taken in 2014, the one on the right in 2017. Note the angle of the sun, the position of the sunglasses, and the placement of the arms.
  22. 4 points
    Welcome to the board, Jonny. Concerning your ancestor's unit, that would probably have to be the 4th Alabama Infantry Battalion, if he was at Shiloh. They were part of Trabue's brigade in Breckinridge's Reserve Corps and fought mostly on the western part of the battlefield. The battalion was detached from the rest of the brigade early on the 6th, according to Trabue's report. (Apparently there was also a report from the battalion commander, but it was unfortunately lost at some point.) The brigade helped to stop a strong Union counter-attack around mid-day on April 6th, and later helped surround and capture the Hornet's Nest defenders. Your ancestor's battalion saw some heavy fighting for a time on the 7th, so it's possible he was wounded on either day. Just doing a quick check, it appears the 4th Battalion was also known as the 10th Alabama Infantry Battalion, and in fact, this may have been its official designation. But, it also was apparently merged with other units at some point after Shiloh, and/or had its designation changed to the 16th Alabama Infantry Battalion. Then later it seems it was merged yet again, into the 55th Alabama Infantry. So yes, probably kind of a headache trying to sort through the records, depending on what unit the information is filed under. Here's a link to Colonel Trabue's report from Shiloh, if you'd like to read through it. He mentions the 4th Alabama Battalion a few times, especially concerning their action on April 7th. Scroll down to the bottom of the first page (613) to see the start of Trabue's report. It runs through page 621, and you can read his account of the April 7th fighting on pages 617-618... http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;q1=620;view=image;seq=631;size=100;page=root On a side note - the park is commemorating the battle anniversary next week, and on Saturday night (the 8th), will illuminate the park with almost 24,000 candles, one for each casualty from the battle. Since your great-grandfather was a casualty, one of those candles will be for him. Perry
  23. 4 points
    Hooray! The Park has the coat due to donations and grants from The State of Tennessee, But don't stop now as we still need to get the coat conserved at a cost of $20,000.00. We have it and it will be at Shiloh forever, way to go Friends of Shiloh.
  24. 4 points
    Sometime on February 28th, 2007, I clicked whatever button it was that I was supposed to click, and the Shiloh Discussion Group was live and in color for the first time. Two years earlier I was (unknowingly) coming to the end of my time as the editor of the Civil War topic on the now-defunct Suite101.com, and kicking around the idea of starting up a site centered around a single battle. Maybe the timing was good, as I was about ready to move on as it was. I quickly narrowed the choices down to a couple of personal favorites, Vicksburg and Shiloh. Obviously I went with Shiloh, but the choice wasn't an easy one. Shiloh is a very special place for me, but so is Vicksburg. And both are incredibly important and compelling parts of the war, rich in history and remarkable stories. I darn near ended up flipping a coin. The membership on the first day consisted of exactly one person - me. Hey, you have to start somewhere, right? But it wasn't long before that number exploded all the way up to 3, with the addition of Eileen Murphy and the late historian Art Bergeron. I'd met both of them years earlier on Prodigy, one of the original online services with a wonderful Civil War community. We'd stayed in touch over the years, and they both knew about and supported my strange new venture into the world of online discussion boards. The next two members were Dan and Ron, both of whom, along with Eileen and Art, have made invaluable contributions to the board over the years. And both of whom, along with Eileen, are still members, which speaks to their dedication, and their remarkable patience with the board administrator. Art sadly passed away a few years ago, but he is still listed as a member here, and always will be as long as this board is around. Art was a good person. We've picked up a few more members since those early days of the board, of course. As for the board's name, it's a shamelessly blatant ripoff of The Gettysburg Discussion Group, founded by the Brothers Lawrence, Dennis & Bob, after a small gathering at Gettysburg in 1994. If theirs isn't the oldest web site centered around a single Civil War battle, it has to be close. Bob and Dennis were also on Prodigy. As I said, it was a wonderful community we had there, with some very dedicated folks. (You can visit the GDG here - http://www.gdg.org/ ) One of the founding members of the GDG also became the second member here on the SDG - Eileen Murphy. So there's a literal and figurative connection between the two sites. I honestly didn't know what to expect when I started up this board. I'd love to say that I had a plan in place or some such, but truthfully, the "plan" went about like this - "let's start up a board on Shiloh and see where it goes." Well, where it's gone since then is pretty remarkable to me, because of the people who have joined it over the last ten years, and who have made it into what it is now. We started out as small little corner of the web on a free site with crazy flashing ads, and now we're over 300 members on a much larger site, including park rangers and historians, and have annual gatherings at the park in the fall. I've met and made new friends along the way, and I know the same is true for others here. That's pretty cool to me. Sometimes I kind of step back and think about all that. There's been more than once, on a visit to the park during the anniversary or on one of Tim's Epic Treks, when I mentally take note of what starting this site has meant for me, and how its grown, and had an impact on the lives of others. It's hard to describe, to be honest. It's almost as if the board has taken on a life of its own, and has grown beyond what I ever could have done for it by myself. Experiences, friendships, things that are sometimes difficult to put into words, but are still very real. ( (I wrote about my own personal Shiloh story here - http://shilohdiscussiongroup.com/index.php?/blogs/entry/3967-my-shiloh-journey/) If someone had asked me on that first day if I thought the board would still be around in ten years, I think I probably would have said that I wasn't sure, but it would be pretty neat if it were. I'd have to give the same answer today to that same question, if someone were to ask it now. I don't know if the board will still be here or not in ten years, but either way, it's already become a wonderful community of people who have helped contribute to our knowledge and understanding of a key part of American history. I honestly don't know how you put a value on that. As for what comes next, I guess that's to be determined. I've long wanted to create a full-scale web site to go along with the board. That's still my hope, and part of the plan. So stay tuned. We also have a nice little community on Facebook, if you've not yet checked it out. You can do so here - https://www.facebook.com/groups/367358856351/ For now though, I just want to say a sincere thank you for making this board what it is, at the ten-year mark. It's been a great run thanks to you. And here's to an even greater next ten years and beyond, for this board, yes, but more so for each one of you as well. Perry
  25. 4 points
    Historian Tim Smith will be interviewed online this Saturday by none other than our very own Bjorn Skaptason, about Tim's new book on forts Henry & Donelson. Bjorn will also be interviewing David Powell about his new book on Chickamauga. You can find out about the broadcast, as well as watch it live, at the link below. If you can't make the live broadcast, I'll post a link to the replay on Youtube as soon as it's up... http://authorsvoice.net/
  26. 4 points
    Free food on Bruce! Also, concerning the Ed Bearss maps that Hank mentioned, they're available as downloadable pdf files on the Fort Donelson NPS site - https://www.nps.gov/fodo/planyourvisit/thebattleforfortdonelson.htm Scroll about halfway down the page and you'll see the links. Perry
  27. 4 points
    Greetings, Recently I visited a grade school and high school buddy (Dave) who lives in Fort Atkinson, Iowa. Nearby is Waukon, Iowa, the home and burial place of David Wilson Reed. Also of interest was Clermont, Iowa where a sculpture of David Bremer Henderson, the first Speaker of the House from west of the Mississippi, and who drafted the legislation for the formation of Shiloh National Military Park, was dedicated in front of the Episcopal Church. Reed and Henderson were of the group known as the “University Recruits” from Upper Iowa University (UIU) who joined Company C of the 12th Iowa. Henderson was instrumental in David Reed becoming the historian for Shiloh. UIU is still in existence and is located in Fayette, Iowa, another close-by town. Dave and I spent two days searching cemeteries and visiting UIU and locating several graves of soldiers who were members of Company C, 12th Iowa. I recognized most of the names from the research I have done on the 12th Iowa. I prepared this summary of the results of our little excursion with the hope that you enjoy the photographs as much as we enjoyed visiting the sites. We started in Waukon, Iowa at the Oakland Cemetery and commenced our search. A helpful grass cutter was more than willing to take a break and help us locate David Reed. The big marker is for the family plot and Reed’s parents are there along with his wife and others of his family. There is a young daughter of Reed’s and maybe another child. The actual markers for Reed and others are very difficult to read. The obelisk that notes Reed’s parents also notes his brother Milton who died of disease in 1863 and is buried in the National Cemetery at Corinth, Mississippi. The Reed family plot. The blue flag is Reed’s marker and we realized we could look for this type of blue marker to help us locate other graves of men from Company C of the 12th Iowa. We found no more at this cemetery but would discover others elsewhere. 1. Reed family plot 2. Reed family monument. This monument is pictured on findagrave. 3. Reed marker. Almost unreadable. Reed died in 1916. 4. Reed’s wife Ellen. She died in 1926. 5. Reed children. The stone on the right is readable as a daughter of Reed’s who died in 1872. The stone on the left stumped me as it is difficult to read. 6. Hannah Reed. This side of the obelisk commemorates Reed’s mother. She died in 1877 at age 61. 7. John Reed. This side of the obelisk commemorates Reed’s father. He died in 1894? At age 81. 8. Milton Reed. Oldest brother who died in 1863. Reed spent years trying to locate his brother’s resting place and finally found it in the Corinth National Cemetery. 9. Helpful mower. View of the family plot with the groundskeeper who was very interested in learning of David Reed. The groundskeeper was so interested he called his wife who worked at the county courthouse with the result that he wanted us to visit Veterans Affairs and give information about Reed to them. So we did and they were not familiar with Reed and did not know he was the “Father of Shiloh National Military Park.” We suggested that a man of such stature should have a military stone marking his grave. The woman in charge said she would go out and take some pictures of Reed’s gravesite and see what she could do. Hopefully Reed will receive a military stone in the future. Our next move was to visit Clermont, Iowa and view the statue of David Bremer Henderson to honor another of the men who helped make the Shiloh National Military Park what it is today. 10. Episcopal Church – Clermont Iowa 11. Henderson Plaque 12-13. Henderson Statue That ended our first day but got us fired up to visit the college from which the “University Recruits” ventured forth in the summer of 1861 to fight for the Union. Professors Charles B. Clark and Roger B. Bowen wrote University Recruits—Company C published in 1991. In the book is a picture of the Company C field desk used during the war and presented to the University by David Reed. We wanted to see the field desk and find out if any of the buildings from before the civil war were still standing. We were not to be disappointed. UIU was not in session so it was easier to make a search (researching on campuses can be very frustrating locating a place to just park). We happened to find a parking spot right next to the library and decided to start there because sometimes institutions have displays of artifacts relevant to the history of the school. Bingo! We walked in and asked the librarian about the field desk and where it might be while all the while the desk was about 20 feet away from us in a display of civil war memorabilia relating to the university and the “University Recruits.” A large part of the exhibit was devoted to Dr. Charles Coleman Parker who served the 12th Iowa as surgeon with no small number of the soldiers crediting him with saving their lives. 14. Henderson statue – On the way to the library we were greeted by David Henderson. 15, 16, 17 – The coveted field desk. 18, 19 – Display case showing Shiloh books. 20. Captain Warner – died in 1863 21. Information sheet on the flag carried by Company C after Shiloh. I took this picture three times and then forgot to take a picture of the flag. 22. Overall exhibit showing a portion of the flag I missed. 23. Information sheet about the 12th Iowa and the Hornets’ Nest. 24. Dr. Charles Coleman Parker with display cases relevant to him. 25. Information sheet about how UIU came to be. A rich man wanted an education for his daughters. 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 – The original 1857 building that the “University Recruits” departed from has had several names. We went with “Old Main.” The interior has been redone since Reed’s time. (duh) The statue on top of the building was placed well after the civil war. The building has never suffered fire and the limestone blocks constructing it are massive. After completing our visit to UIU and learning that a cemetery, Grandview, existed outside town and that David Henderson was buried there we decided to resume the ghoulish portion of our day and go find it. We did not find Henderson’s grave but we found some others from Company C. 31. Dr. Charles Coleman Parker 32. R. Z. Latimer 33, 34, 35. George Comstock 36, 37. Henry Grannis – Color Bearer – See Ozzy’s post “Color Bearer” in the “Pop Quiz” category. 38. Philo Woods 39, 40. Edward Adams So what about David Henderson? After a fruitless search I told Dave that helpful locals are not always correct. I still remember the local in Ottawa, Illinois telling me that WHL Wallace was buried in the family plot sitting on top of his horse. A return to the library and searching on findagrave revealed a unique monument for David Bremer Henderson but it was located in Linwood Cemetery in Dubuque, Iowa. No problem. I was heading towards the Chicago area and Dubuque was on the way since I also wanted to make my first visit to Galena, Illinois and check out Grant’s House there. I arrived at Linwood Cemetery around 12:30 p.m. to find the office closed and a large cemetery with many trees and very hilly facing me. I searched for half an hour and then returned to the office that was supposed to open at 1 p.m. and saw a note that they were out on the grounds working. I had not seen anybody working. I resumed my own search of the grounds being careful not to drive off the road and over someone’s grave. No luck. Hundreds of monuments but none that looked like Henderson’s. I was loathe to leave without achieving the objective but I had been searching for over 75 minutes when I decided to give it one more shot and concentrate near the bluff overlooking the Mississippi River assuming Henderson would have been accorded a choice location. Viola!! Out of the corner of my eye, through the trees, I spotted the monument due to its unique design. 41, 42, 43, 44. The first photograph shows my first glance of the monument. The Mississippi River is in the background. I then moved on to the quaint river town of Galena, Illinois to visit Grant’s House. I did not know the Grant House was not the house he lived in prior to the start of the war. The house was given to Grant by the town after the war, 1865, completely furnished. Ninety percent of the furnishings are original to Grant. I asked the guide how Grant managed to keep possession of the house during his financial difficulties in the 1880s and she said that the town saw to it that the house remained in Grant’s possession. I then inquired as to whether the house Grant lived in just prior to the war still existed and found out that the house was still there at 121 High Street. I had never been to Galena and did not spend enough time there to see other places of interest and plan to return there sometime in the future. 45, 46. The Grant House 47, 48. The rental at 121 High Street. My friend Dave really enjoyed our excursions in search of David Reed and other members of the 12th Iowa. He has lived in the area for over forty years and had only visited the UIU campus once. We had a long talk with the archivist at the UIU library and she was really interested to learn the part David Reed played in the formation of the Shiloh National Military Park. We hope our visit encourages an increased understanding of the local population to the contribution David Reed made to Shiloh. With that I close wishing you all well, Hank
  28. 4 points
  29. 4 points
    I anted to let yall know how it went last evening.The rain held off and it was warm but we had about 750 attending the show.We had birthday cakes to cut so about only 175-200 gt a sliver.The music was excelent. But the main reason im posting this i for yall to listen to a song Daryl Worley did.( i dont have any of his records so this song wont be heard on the radio.you have to remember he grew up really accross the river from the battlefield.Before he did this song he told of growing up and hearing family stories of his ancestors hearing the battle.Few years ago a couple of his song writing buddies were coming to write but they first went and drove through the battlefield.And this song was their collaboration.Goggle...Daryl Worley-Shiloh...He doesnt mention Shiloh anywhere in the lyrics but you know.He played it last nite with only a backup guitar and keyboard so it really was more serene that the version you will hear....Let me know what you think, Mona
  30. 4 points
    Hi Russell and welcome to the group, You said you read voraciously so I went through my researched materials and came up with a few suggestions, which, I believe, will result in giving you a fair opportunity to understand this Shiloh battle. I was not going to post anything here since there was no request made for recommendations. But since members have now suggested certain books and opined that the selection of either Wiley Sword’s book or Tim Smith’s book is a good place to start I take this opportunity to voice my disagreement. Both Sword’s and Smith’s books are revisionist books on Shiloh in relation to the actions and heroism of Brigadier General Prentiss and the defenders in the Sunken Road. Those books reflect opinions of the last forty years only. The story of Shiloh is much longer than that. If you are going to read Shiloh revisionist books it is helpful to know what is being revised. To try to fully understand Shiloh it is also helpful to know how the actions of Prentiss and the defenders in the Sunken Road were misinterpreted for at least 20 years after the battle and it was not until the 1880s that the more accurate depictions of the actions of Prentiss and the defenders started to take shape. But even then it is possible to find accounts of Shiloh fifty years after the battle that still have Prentiss captured in the morning. I would recommend starting with O. E. Cunningham’s book, Shiloh and the Western Campaign of 1862. Although not published publicly until 2007 it was written in 1966 so it predates the unfortunate commencement of Shiloh revisionism of the early 1970s which started with Sword’s book. Larry Daniel’s book, Shiloh: The Battle That Changed the Civil War, published 1997, should be next because Daniel does not swallow the revisionist theme and you do not find the vitriol against Prentiss that was growing at that time. Those two books would give a good background on the battle of Shiloh which is needed before tackling the earlier Shiloh accounts. If you go to the early accounts without having some idea of how the battle was fought you will be at a disadvantage because the early accounts have lots of errors. However, I did find that the early accounts are accurate in many facets of the battle. But you have to have some familiarity with the battle to notice that. 1) Having prepared yourself by reading Cunningham and Daniel I suggest you start at the very beginning with the newspaper account by Whitelaw Reid. This account set the table for the false impression that the Union army was totally surprised and bayoneted in their beds. However, Reid’s account is long, he was there and it should not be dismissed out of hand because he has some things right. Reid’s account is actually difficult to find. Courtesy of Joseph Rose on another website I was referred to the Sacramento Daily Union of May 21, 1862 on the web page http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SDU18620521.2.6. The page has a text reader that scans the newspaper and it results in a text file. I then copied the text file into my ancient Word program and proceeded to edit out the errors in the scan as best I could. Here is the result: Whitelaw Reid - Sacramento Daily Union.doc. I uploaded it so I hope you can access it. 2) The next book is of utmost importance to a Shiloh student as it is the first book published about the Shiloh battle based mostly on the official reports and newspaper reports. The author is Orville James Victor and the book was published in June 1862 while Prentiss and the other defenders of the Sunken Road were wallowing in southern squalor. The title is Beadle’s American Battles, Dime Series, Pittsburgh Landing and the Siege of Corinth. As an example of the paltry depth of Shiloh revisionist research this book is not to be found as a source listed in any bibliography of a book on Shiloh of which I am aware. The most stunning aspect of this book is that the newspaper correspondents gave a fairly accurate description of the start of the battle by writing of the three companies of the 25th Missouri finding and engaging the Rebels early in the morning. Victor includes those newspaper accounts but then informs the readers that such descriptions of the opening of the battle are erroneous and he then goes on to describe how the battle actually started and that Veatch’s brigade was involved in it. Pretty sorry stuff but it is a good indication of just how confused and wrong the early accounts were in some particulars. The next stunning aspect is that Victor makes the correction of the newspaper accounts that had Prentiss surrendering early in the morning. Victor wrote that such a false fact needs correcting and he does so and this in June 1862 yet the falsehood lives on in many early accounts of the battle of Shiloh. I could find no digitized copy on the internet or even a library that had a copy of this book but providence delivered when I found I could obtain a copy of the book for $10 from http://www.sullivanpress.com/site/BCW129.html. (Australians might be required to pay a little more) The book is not carried in stock and if you order one you will receive it eventually as Mr. Sullivan runs his business out of his garage and produces the copies. So please be patient. Whoa, after writing the above I did find it online. Try http://discoverarchive.vanderbilt.edu/handle/1803/6800. They just put it up in late 2014. 3) Victor also published another book in 1862 titled Incidents and Anecdotes of the War: Together with Life Sketches of Eminent Leaders, and Narrative of the Most Memorable Battles for the Union and it is interesting to note what he had learned after the publication of the Beadle’s book. Not much, but whereas he did not acknowledge Prentiss was attacked first thing in the Beadle’s book he did so in this book. I found it on the internet at https://archive.org/details/incdentsanedot00vict. Victor then published an 1866 book along the same lines as his 1862 book but made no changes in the Shiloh account so he must have learned nothing new over those four years. 4) I include this next book because it is another example of an early book that notes that Prentiss did not surrender early in the morning and yet so many other books get it wrong. The author of this book also wrote dime novels for Beadle’s so she knew Victor and included some of his writing on Shiloh in her book. Yes, this author is a woman and I had to double check the name since it seemed so unusual for the times of the 1860s. The author is Ann Stephens and she was a writer of dime novels and her husband was the editor of a magazine so she was in the business. The book is titled Pictorial History of the War for the Union. A Complete and Reliable History of the War from its Commencement to Its Close. The book was published in 1863 and can be found here: https://archive.org/details/pictorialhistory02step 5) Next I recommend two books by Edward A. Pollard. Pollard was a newspaper editor in Richmond, Virginia and enjoyed eviscerating the administration of Jefferson Davis during the life of the Confederacy. He wrote a book in 1862 titled Southern History of the War. The First Year of the War which you can find here: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015056795845;view=1up;seq=27. Pollard’s southern view is outstanding as he chides those dastardly northerners for claiming Shiloh was a victory for them when it was obviously a victory for the South. Also, there was no criticism of Beauregard for calling off the attack. Now move to 1866 and Pollard’s The Lost Cause: A New Southern History of the War of the Confederates which can be found here: https://archive.org/details/lostcausenewsout00poll. In this later work Pollard is singing a different tune and Beauregard does not come off as well. Pollard was a young man during the war, just in his early thirties and he died at age 41. He did a great service to give posterity a southern perspective written during the war. 6) Here is a Confederate narrative of the Shiloh battle printed in a New Orleans paper in August 1862 by Alex. Walker. This is the website where it can be found. http://docsouth.unc.edu/imls/clarke/clarke.html. Confederate accounts are scarce and I recall that this was a good one. 7) William Swinton, a newspaper correspondent, wrote The Twelve Decisive Battles of the War in 1867. Of great importance for the history of Shiloh Swinton relates the opening of the battle fairly accurately when no one else does. He gives due credit to Peabody and Powell. His book can be found at: https://archive.org/details/twelvedecisiveba00swin. 8) An account that should be read in full is Adam Badeau’s account published in Military History of Ulysses S. Grant, from April, 1861, to April, 1865. Badeau was a Colonel and served as an aide-de-camp to Grant starting in February 1864. Why read Adam Badeau’s account of the battle of Shiloh published in 1868? Because it is so god awful. I was gobsmacked when I took the time to read the whole account for the first, and probably only, time. All I had read before were the accounts concerning the “poor generalship” shown by Prentiss. Grant apparently put great stock in Badeau’s accounts of his campaigns. You can find a copy here: https://books.google.com/books/about/Military_History_of_Ulysses_S_Grant.html?id=O9ZBAAAAIAAJ. This book was published in 1885 but the work was originally published in 1868. I have an 1868 copy but I could not locate it on the internet again. 9) The Sunken Road veterans hated Horace Greeley and his description of the battle in his The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion of the United States of America, 1860-’65. The book was published in 1866. It is Horace Greeley and it is beneficial to know what the soldiers are referring to. Find it here: https://archive.org/stream/americanconflic04greegoog#page/n17/mode/2up 10) Moving forward to the 1870s there is the interesting account prepared by the Comte de Paris and published in 1876 with the title History of the Civil War in America. Shiloh is in volume 1. I did not reread all these but I believe I chose this account because it is 13 years after the battle and the Comte de Paris had access to many previous accounts and important individuals but his account carries forth previous inaccuracies. Find it here at: https://archive.org/stream/historycivilwar04nichgoog#page/n22/mode/2up. 11) Now move on to a lengthy account done by a participant in the battle. The account is found in The Annals of the War Written by Leading Participants North and South. Published in 1879 and it contains a Shiloh account written by Colonel Wills de Hass who shared a tent with Colonel Jesse Hildebrand near the Shiloh Church on the night of April 5, 1862. After 17 years the first accounts written by men who were there start to appear. https://archive.org/details/annalsofwar00philrich 12) Next is the book that is a must-read for anybody who wants to try to understand how the story of Shiloh developed over the years. The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston written by his son, Colonel William Preston Johnston, and published in 1879. This book roiled the waves with its vivid descriptions of the fighting in the Hornets’ Nest and elsewhere. Preston Johnson’s language can be found in David Reed’s Shiloh book, Shiloh Commission reports on certain state monuments and other books whose authors simply conceded they could do no better and just quote Preston Johnston. Johnston had access to key Southern participants of the battle and had been an aide to Jefferson Davis during the war. In regards to Brigadier Generals W. H. L. Wallace and Benjamin Prentiss, the highest ranking officers defending the Sunken Road, Johnston wrote “The Federal Generals had consulted, and had resolved to stand and hold their ground at all hazards, hoping thus to save the rest of the army from destruction; and there is little doubt that their manful resistance, which cost one his life and the other his liberty, so checked the Southern troops as to gain time, and prevent the capture of Grant’s army.” Johnston gives a detailed analysis as to the condition of Grant’s army as the day waned. He wrote: “Of the two armies, one was now an advancing, triumphant host, with arms uplifted to give a mortal blow; the other, a broken, mangled, demoralized mob, paralyzed and waiting for the strike.” A later Shiloh author concurred with Johnston’s description when he noted the importance of the arrival of Buell’s division and that of Lew Wallace. He wrote in his book: “It was fortunate because the Army of the Tennessee was in shambles, particularly Prentiss’s and W, H, L. Wallace’s division. There are several options to locate this book and I will leave that up to you. 13) George Mason fought with the 12th Illinois on the left flank. He wrote one of the earlier accounts by a participant and presented it on May 5, 1880. He has Prentiss’s men shot in their beds which indicates how confused men were about what actually happened, even the men who were there. His paper can be found in: https://archive.org/details/militaryessays01chicrich. You want Volume 1 published in 1891. The title is Military Essays and Recollections. 14) Another book that should be readily found is Campaigns of the Civil War from Fort Henry to Corinth by M. F. Force published in 1881. At Shiloh Force was with Lew Wallace’s division (20th Ohio) and fought on the second day. His book has the Union perspective and it is Manning F. Force who put the word “sunk” in the Sunken Road. Shiloh revisionists are tormented by the fact that the veterans refer to the road in which they made their defense as the “Sunken Road” because it wasn’t sunken enough for their tastes. That is why I relish this book and recommend it. 15) In 1885 Theophile Poilpot painted the Shiloh panorama which was displayed in Chicago. This was a money making endeavor and revisionists are outraged that the promoters describe the defense in the Hornets’ Nest as the Thermopylae of the civil war. The promoters also had the gall to engage Benjamin Prentiss to entertain the visitors with stories about the battle. Fortunately the promoter’s pamphlet, Manual of the Panorama of the Battle of Shiloh was published in Chicago in 1885. It is available here: https://archive.org/details/manualofpanorama00croo The first part of the manual contains the hyped-up version of Shiloh that is intended to get people into the building. What is overlooked and is actually of more value is the Shiloh account written by L. B. Crooker of the 55th Illinois that fought with Colonel Stuart on the far left flank. 16) Ephraim Dawes was the adjutant to Col. Jesse Appler of the 53rd at Shiloh. Dawes studied Shiloh and produced a lengthy Shiloh account (72 pages) that was presented to the Military Historical Society of Massachusetts in two parts in 1893 and 1895. The papers are presented in the 1908 publication Campaigns in Kentucky and Tennessee including the Battle of Chickamauga 1862-1864. You can find it here: https://archive.org/details/campaignsinkent00massgoog. The timing of Dawes account is important because it was composed just prior to the formation of the Shiloh National Military Park so it gives a view of things as the park begins to be developed. 17) Now comes the most important book of all. David W. Reed’s The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged first printed in 1902 and then with a slightly revised edition in 1909, which is usually the one you find. Reed fought with the 12th Iowa in the Hornets’ Nest and avoided capture because he was too severely wounded for the Rebels to take him from the battlefield. In 1895 Reed was chosen to be the historian for the Shiloh National Military Park and it is he who wrote the text on the hundreds of metal tablets in the park and wrote his book. Reed was entrusted to produce a truthful history of the battle to memorialize the men who fought there. Modern revisionists claim Reed violated that trust by using “subtle subjectivity” (whatever that means) in preparation of his book and put unwarranted emphasis on the fighting in the Hornets’ Nest because that is where he fought. On page 31 of The Untold Story of Shiloh, The Battle and the Battlefield is found “…Reed developed the Hornet’s Nest interpretation of the battle, which still incorrectly dominates Shiloh historiography today.” (emphasis added) In the introduction of the 2008 reprint of Reed’s book by the University of Tennessee Press, page xix, is found “He (Reed) wrote that the book was intended to be ‘complete, impartial, and correct’ so that the history of the battle could be presented as ‘nothing but the truth.’ Fortunately for later generations he succeeded.” (emphasis added) So which is it? One author says Reed was "incorrect" while the other author says he was "correct." Reed’s book is extremely important and anyone interested in Shiloh should read it and make up their own mind as to the veracity of Reed’s work. How you obtain a copy is up to you as there are several good options. 18) Stanley Waterloo wrote a well-received version of the battle that is included in Illinois at Shiloh - Report of the Shiloh Battlefield Commission published in 1905 and available here: https://archive.org/stream/illinoisatshiloh00illi#page/n7/mode/2up 19) Edwin Hobart of the 28th Illinois which fought in the Peach Orchard spent approximately three years producing The Truth About Shiloh that he published in 1908. He discusses in detail the location and extent of the Hornets’ Nest and how much he hates Buell. Hobart points out that the 31st and 44th Indiana regiments of Lauman’s brigade were part of the Hornets’ Nest defense until repositioned around 2:30 PM to the left flank. However, good luck in obtaining a copy to read. The book does not appear to have been digitized and few libraries have it. The copy I found was at the Iowa State Archives. Perhaps one of the libraries is willing to lend their copy out on interlibrary loan. If you can get a copy to read you will not be disappointed. 20) Another Shiloh gem that needs to be included is Joseph Rich’s Shiloh published in 1911 as a book but was printed a couple years earlier in "The Iowa Journal of History and Politics" . One of the important aspects of this book is that for the first time a publication acknowledged that the early morning patrol by Major Powell was sent out on the orders of Colonel Peabody. Numerous surviving veterans credited Rich with producing the best account of the battle of Shiloh to date. It is available here: https://archive.org/details/battleofshiloh00rich 21) For a romanticized view of Shiloh the short book written by Shiloh Superintendent DeLong Rice should be read so one can judge how this book might have contributed to the Sunken Road and Hornets’ Nest story. The title is The Story of Shiloh and was published in 1919. Rice was superintendent after David Reed starting in 1920 and continued until September 1929 when a gas explosion in the Superintendent’s residence killed him and his son. The book can be found here: https://archive.org/details/storyofshiloh01rice 22) In 1921 Samuel Meek Howard produced a long Shiloh account. He was there with the 28th Illinois 59 years previous. A copy of what might well be the last lengthy account by a participant can be found in the publication The Illustrated Comprehensive History of the Great Battle of Shiloh. It appears he self-published it and a copy can be found here: https://archive.org/details/illustratedcompr1921howa 23) Over the next 50 years the only publication of a Shiloh account I have found so far is the 1946 book The Story of Shiloh by Otto Eisenschiml. A copy can be obtained from here: https://archive.org/details/storyofshiloh00eise. If you are so impressed with Otto’s book, particularly with his correct interpretation that General Benjamin Prentiss is the real hero of Shiloh, you may pay homage to Otto by visiting the monument for the 55th Illinois. Otto believed he had ancestors in that regiment and that fueled his quest for the truth about the battle of Shiloh. In his will he requested that his ashes be spread around the monument for the 55th Illinois and that is where they are to this day. 24) We now enter the dark times for Shiloh history, the revisionist era. Shiloh – in Hell before Night written by James Lee McDonough and published in 1977 is a recommendation because you can learn something different and it was one of the first full-length treatments of the Battle of Shiloh. Copies of this book should be readily available. 25) "The Blue & Gray" issue of the battle of Shiloh by park historian Stacy Allen. This is a succinct account and is of importance due to Stacy’s influence on the story of the battle for the last couple decades and beyond. I know they have copies of the magazine, actually labeled a visitors guide, at the book store at Shiloh but the "Blue & Gray" site did not list it so I am not sure how you could obtain a copy. 26) Now, enjoy Wiley Sword’s book Shiloh: Bloody April, because you will understand the battle well enough that you will be able to follow the story and not get lost. 27) Same for Tim Smith’s book, Shiloh: Conquer or Perish. I trust all the links I put in this post will work correctly. If not, you should be able to find the targeted materials just by searching for them. Actually, you might find better sites than those I used After it was decided to surrender the garrison at Fort Donelson Nathan Bedford Forrest said he would lead his men out if he saved but one man. I feel the same about Shiloh revisionism. I will use my research to try to keep someone from sliding down the slippery slope of Shiloh revisionism if I save but one. Hank P.S. I am still waiting for a revisionist to provide some proof about where and when Prentiss personally took credit for sending out Powell’s patrol (not where someone else gave Prentiss the credit but where Prentiss took the credit himself), and where were all those speeches given by Prentiss after he was released from prison in which he took credit for saving the army? The revisionists claim Prentiss went on a speaking tour after release from prison so where were those speeches given and when? Whitelaw Reid - Sacramento Daily Union.doc
  31. 4 points
  32. 4 points
    Thank you, Tony, for sharing these wonderful videos of Bjorn's recent tour of Colonel Worthington and the 46th Ohio's positions at Shiloh. It means a great deal to those of us who were not able to see the tours in person.
  33. 4 points
    Shiloh's other Particpants.pdf Jim
  34. 4 points
    Laura...... I am certainly enjoying your meaningful, insightful Shiloh posts. As a photographer, genealogist and student of civil war, I can appreciate the research you've put into your family member search! Ozzy is a good source of information. I've learned a few things from him, as well. Keep up the good work! You, too, Ozzy!!! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  35. 4 points
    Perry....... First, I'd like you to give your talk on Peabody. Who knows him better than you?!!! Second, I'd like a tour of the history of the major monuments, their symbolisms, significance and dedications. Third, a tour on the evolution of the park during the various periods after the battle (including the proposed electric trolley line!) THE MANASSAS BELLE
  36. 3 points
    It's not often you find an eyewitness account of "that march" conducted by Lew Wallace on Sunday, April 6th... Johann Stuber migrated with his parents and siblings from Switzerland in 1854, and settled in Cincinnati. In October 1861, the 23 year old, trained as a typesetter, joined the 58th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company A, and was soon promoted to Corporal. First seeing action at Fort Donelson, the 58th Ohio remained with Lew Wallace's Third Division; and when that division was sent to Crump's Landing in March 1862, the 2nd Brigade (Colonel John Thayer) comprising the 58th OVI, 68th OVI, 23rd Indiana and 1st Nebraska, established its brigade camp in vicinity of Stony Lonesome, midway between Adamsville and Crump's Landing. Corporal Stuber's report for April 6th 1862: "In the morning we heard from the vicinity of Pittsburg Landing a heavy cannonade, which soon developed into an unbroken roar, which persisted as the morning wore on. From the Landing (where our provisions were kept), there came a "rabbit-footed messenger," who had arrived by boat. He loudly reported that he was a member of the 57th Ohio, and that upon being aroused from his sleep by the noise of battle, raced for the Landing and took a boat to Crump's, to deliver the news: but not for us to hurry to help, but to flee for our lives downriver. Knowing that our Army had 50,000 troops at Pittsburg, confirmed by Captain Markgraff during his recent visit, we refused to believe this refugee's report. "About midday, we received the orders preparatory to marching: ammunition was distributed, and we packed necessities and rations for ten days. After about an hour, we began to march south with our heavy knapsacks (instead of taking the boats, as we believed we would). It was dreadfully hot, and the soldiers of the regiments ahead of us threw away their blankets and excess clothing during the march, so that a carpet of clothing lined both sides of the road. We had hiked about seven miles, and were about one mile from our destination, when a report came that we were going the wrong way. We were turned around, and told to take another road -- which caused us to go double the distance in order to arrive where we were wanted. "It was during twilight that my regiment reached a dark woods, at the edge of a swamp, and were told to wait. And while we waited, we were not allowed to do anything -- no pipes or cigars -- because we were told the Rebels could be on the other side of the swamp, only 500 yards away. Finally, we passed through that swamp and reaching the other side, were told we had arrived. We continued marching, and the gunboats were firing, supposedly in the direction of the Rebels. We had gone about a mile when we entered a Union camp, totally abandoned by its owners, but with the tents filled with wounded, who all seemed to be moaning and crying from their wounds. We continued past this camp, and entered a dark woods, where we halted and attempted to rest beneath the boughs of the trees. But the gunboats continued firing; and it started to rain... a thunderstorm, no less. As bad as it was for us, we could not help feeling pity for the wounded, caught in the open with no shelter. We could hear them, away out there, somewhere, in the darkness, calling for help, and for water. And we could not help them. The pickets were not far from us; and the enemy's pickets were not far from our pickets. During the night, firing occurred between the lines of pickets, so heavy at times it seemed the Battle had resumed..." [Above record translated and edited; entry from "The Diary of Johann Stuber" for 6 April 1862.] Ozzy Reference: http://archive.org/stream/meintagebuchuber00stub#page/22/mode/2up
  37. 3 points
    Thanks Tom. Yes, I have worked hard on the images for the Shiloh Discussion Group page, hoping this place can be a kind of repository for them. I am sure I have amassed the largest online collection of Federal and Confederate soldiers killed, wounded, missing, POW, etc., at the Battle of Shiloh. It seems like for some regiments both North and South at Shiloh we can paint a thorough picture of what they looked like and what they were wearing, but with other units, not so much. I will help out where I can, and good luck in your endeavors. Find attached an article describing, literally down to the maker, of the J. Curry Rifles, Company I, who were Alabamians that were serving in Blythe's Mississippi Battalion. If you save the image to your computer, you can open it up and zoom in to read it. Stan
  38. 3 points
    Well, haven't seen anyone post anything yet, so I figured I would give a very generic after action report of the anniversary events this year. I myself arrived on Thursday, but I didn't partake of the 12 mile hike first tour. Others may want to chime in on that. Thursday evening the park staff got together and decided to cancel the big living history. They were set to have 12 cannons, probably well over 100 infantry, plus cavalry. It was decided that with the forecast calling for heavy rain having tons of vehicles moving in Duncan field would turn the field into a torn up muddy mess. The decision to cancel was the correct one. Everyone gathered in the visitor center before 5 on Friday morning. The debate was made whether or not to cancel the hike and instead have a talk either inside the visitor center or at the picnic area pavilion. Bjorn, being the stalwart that he is, said he was going on his hike regardless. So, the event was on. We gathered at the Peabody monument and made our way to Fraley field, with Bjorn giving an excellent tour and description of the dawn patrol and the ensuing fighting. It was raining, but not heavily at this time. The dawn patrol hike completed, many of us next took part in Bjorn's tour of the morning action by Prentiss, Peabody, and Miller. We moved from tablet to tablet, with superb commentary of the fighting in each sector, even by the 16th Wisconsin Infantry (love ya Jim). We first toured and discussed Peabody's brigade, then moved to Miller's sector. I should insert that we had very respectable size crowds even though the weather was nasty. Finishing the Prentiss line talk at the Prentiss headquarters camp marker, Bjorn announced that he was going to do something he had never done before, and invited others to join in. From the Prentiss marker, we followed Prentiss' men and their line of retreat from their camps to their position in the Hornet's Nest. Bjorn stated that in the past the Prentiss line talk ended there and voila picked up in the Hornet's Nest, so actually making the trek from the camps to the Hornet's nest sorta filled the gap in the story. It was a very informative tour and talk, with everyone learning something new. We had one gentleman working on Gladden's brigade, the 26th/50th Alabama Infantry in particular, so we spent time unraveling facts about Gladden's brigade after it was chewed up in Spain field. We continued on, spent some time in Briar creek, talking about the terrain in that sector, and ended at the Hornet's Nest. A number of us enjoyed a fine meal for lunch in Savannah at the Dae Break Cafe (where the old Whirly Bird was once located in Savannah, behind the A&W/Long John Silver's eatery), Dae Break is a great place to eat btw. Making it back, the next tour was the Confederate left attacks by Pond, along with Wharton's Cavalry. We also stopped in Glover field where Bjorn described the fighting between Brewer's Alabama Cavalry battalion and Birge's Western Sharpshooters. We made our way down through Tilghman branch ravine. With the rain, the trek through the ravine following the Louisiana boys was slippery and muddy to say the least. The rain was at times very intense, while at other times just a heavy drizzle, all throughout the day. Many people were thoroughly soaked to say the least, but most everyone stuck it out through the entire tour. After cresting the ravine and discussing the fighting of Pond's brigade, we moved to Cavalry field and discussed Wharton's charge and repulse. That evening, many of us enjoyed good food, good company, and good discussions at Hagy's Catfish Hotel. It was a long day, and I think I speak for everyone in saying that everyone was bone tired by the end of the day, the rain adding to that tired feeling. I tell you, walking around in heavy rain can take it out of you! The following morning, Saturday, many took part in the hike on Lew Wallace. This writer skipped out on that, and hung out with the small contingent of reenactors that were on hand across from the visitor center. Saturday afternoon brought about another great Bjorn hike discussing the fighting at the crossroads, in Review field, Woolf field, and the action of the 38th Tennessee Infantry near Shiloh Church, all on 7 April 1862. I myself learned a great deal. We discussed more brigades and regiments than I can write about. The temperature on Saturday was cold to say the least. We had heavy spitting snow for much of the hike. Tony decided to head for home that evening, but we were joined by Mike Talplacido for Saturday, but Mike went in search of pictures on Sunday morning. Once again on Saturday evening, many of us went out to eat at Top of the River. Sunday morning we met up at the visitor center for the Fallen Timbers car caravan tour. It was still chilly, but the sun was out. We first stopped at Ed Shaw's for discussion. We then proceeded to the Johnston bivouac site of 5 April 1862. We then proceeded on to Fallen Timbers, where Bjorn colorfully described the fighting there. We proceeded on to Pebble Hill where we ended the tour. Many of us proceeded back to the visitor center, where most of us parted ways. I did not take part in the evening tour of the Hamburg road discussion on Sunday. There were other tours going on, naturally, and others may want to chime in on those tours. Like most fun events, it flew by too quickly. The Friends of Shiloh table was set up inside the visitor center as it was just too cold to have it set up outside. For those on the hikes, we withstood heavy rain, followed by nasty cold weather and snow, but in the end I think everyone had a great time. Ideas for future tours were also discussed, but I will leave that a surprise in case they come to fruition so others can have something to look forward to. I was glad to see everyone, and we wished others could be there. Shiloh, we all love that place, glad we got to spend time together there. Looking forward to the next time! Stan
  39. 3 points
    It was great meeting the two of you on Thursday! I had an absolute blast and am so glad i was able to spend the day with others who enjoy learning about the battle as much as me. Hopefully I can make another one soon!
  40. 3 points
    Major Joseph Kirkland wrote a Civil War novel published in 1891 in Chicago: The Captain of Company K. The first link below gives the background of the author and of the novel. The second link is to a copy of the book. Kirkwood actually served with the 12th Illinois with McClellen and left the service when McClellen was relieved. The 12th ended up in Tennesee at Shiloh and then with Sherman. Kirkwood's description of Shiloh is decent historical fiction as he remained a friend of many participants. The book is worth a glance just for Hugh Capper's pen and ink drawings. Kirkwood writes in the voice of a central Illinois farmer. The book belongs in the collection of "Shiloh in literature" - perhaps not on the same top shelf with the works of Bierce, Houston and others. http://civilwar.lib.niu.edu/islandora/object/niu-civil%3A14280 https://archive.org/stream/captainofcompany00kirk#page/n13/mode/2up/search/Pittsburg
  41. 3 points
    Crump's Landing (before 1904. Looks like the "strong gate to keep out Yankees" finally disappeared...) From Indiana at Shiloh: report of the Commission; compiled by John W. Coons.
  42. 3 points
    This Sunday 5-21 there will be a ceremony at 2pm at the UDC Monument..with a reception at the Church.all that can come are welcome.
  43. 3 points
    I hope I can make this one. Might be tough because Michele and I will be in Gettysburg the following weekend for the Remembrance Day celebrations. I might be able to sneek away for both.
  44. 3 points
    Below is a series of then & now pictures from April 1966 and April 2017. The 1966 pictures are from a set of Shiloh images posted on CivilWarAlbum.com by contributing photographer Ed Conner. You can see the original images at this link, which I'll include again at the bottom of this post: http://www.civilwaralbum.com/shiloh/old1.htm The 'now' versions are from my trip to the park for the 2017 anniversary. As you'll see when you visit the link, I didn't re-create all of Ed's photos, but I did manage to get a few. Had to leave some for next time though. But it's pretty interesting to see in what ways the park has and hasn't changed over the years. (Note: If you click on the images, it will open a full-size version.) First up, looking along the barrel of a James Rifle from Mann's Battery in the Peach Orchard. You're facing south, along the Union defensive line. No peach trees in the 'now' version. Unlike the 1966 image, they're all behind you. Bloody Pond, looking toward the west. The Hamburg-Savannah Road is behind you, with the Peach Orchard to your left. I'm not 100% certain of the direction in the original, but this was my best guess. A.S. Johnston's death site. Thanks to Michele for helping me figure out the right angle on this one. Although I still don't think I got it lined up quite right. Sometimes it can be more challenging than you might think, but that's part of the fun of it. Robertson's Confederate battery along the Eastern Corinth Road. Spain Field is to your left-front, and Barnes Field is behind you and across the road to your right. That's a Wiard Rifle in the 1966 image. The monument to the much-maligned 71st Ohio, near David Stuart's headquarters marker. The text for the original image identifies it as the First Tent Hospital monument, and while this is the correct site for the hospital, this is actually the 71st Ohio monument. The marker for the hospital site disappeared at some point, but there is now an excellent wayside marker for the hospital describing the area at the time of the battle. Next, Schwart's battery along Grant's Last Line. These small earthworks, tossed up by the members of the battery on the night of April 6th, were (and are) the only earthworks on the battlefield. Duncan Field, from near the Minnesota Monument. Tuttle's Iowa troops were defending the Sunken Road at this point. You can just make out Ross's headquarters marker below the tree-line in the center-distance, along the Main Corinth Road. That's it for now. Thanks to Mr. Ed Conner for sharing these great pictures on CivilWarAlbum.com. Photographs are like little time capsules, freezing a moment in time, and allowing us to compare that moment with one of our own. Here's that link again. Check out the other pictures on the site, as they're worth a visit! http://www.civilwaralbum.com/shiloh/old1.htm Perry
  45. 3 points
    In 1959 Ed Bearss produced a set of maps for FortDonelson that are Troop Movement Maps covering the positions of the troops from February 12, 1862 through 5:00 P.M. on February 15, 1862. There are ten maps in the set covering the positions of the regiments at various times over the four days. Hopefully they will have some of these sets available in the temporary visitor’s center for those interested. The FortHenry and FortDonelson campaign was chosen in 1912 to be a campaign worthy of study at the GeneralServiceSchool at FortLeavenworth. The school compiled source material into a large volume (1488 pages) into a book cited as: FortHenry and FortDonelson campaigns, February, 1862. Source book. The General service schools, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, 1923. You see this book referenced in works of the campaign and this is an explanation of what is being referred to when an author references – The Source Book. Unfortunately, the book has not been digitized for downloading as of yet. I borrowed a copy of the book several years ago through interlibrary loan and copied information I thought I could not get elsewhere. A large part of the book contains copies of the reports contained in the Official Records. I am planning to make it to Dover the night of November 3rd and stay at the Dover Inn. I figured I would use Friday the 4th to refresh my memory of the fort and the surrounding areas and see what might have changed since I was there for the 150th anniversary. I am fairly familiar with the FortDonelson fight and if anybody else is going to be around on November 4th and wants to make a preliminary reconnaissance of the area we will be walking on Saturday, or anywhere else related to the campaign, I would be glad to share what I know. That includes you Michelle. Hank
  46. 3 points
    Most of you know I love my maps, but unfortunately I have only been to Fort Donelson once a few years ago. The nice Trailhead Maps are not available for this. I was able to come up with these four map. I have no idea if these will help with the hike or not, but feel free to download if you wish. The first one of these is a NPS map, the last three I found on Wikipedia and I did credit the author. See you all in about 12 days! Fort Donelson.pdf
  47. 3 points
    Sorry it took so long but here are excerpts from the relevant after-action reports relating to the attack on Raith's brigade in its initial position on the Shiloh Church ridge. Raith's brigade reports Report of Lieut. Abram Ryan, acting asst. adj. gen. of Raith's brigade: "On rejoining the brigade it was advanced to the encampment of General Sherman's division. When all was ready for action I rode to the front, near Taylor's [Barrett's] battery, and found nothing intervening between us and the enemy except a line of skirmishers and Taylor's battery. While reconnoitering my horse received a ball through the neck, forcing me back to the main line. I reported to Captain Barrett, commanding battery, that his support had left him, and, pointing out the position of the brigade, told him to call upon it if hard pressed. Returning to the brigade I reported to Colonel Raith the condition of affairs, who directed me to find the position of the Second Brigade [Marsh's] which I found on our left and rear, commanded by Colonel Marsh, of the Twentieth Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry, and with it Major-General McClernand, supervising its movements. On reporting to him he [McClernand] ordered the Third Brigade [Raith's] to fall back and form on the right of the Second [Marsh's]. Returning to the brigade, and not finding Colonel Raith, I gave the necessary orders for the movement. The right of the brigade retained its position, the left falling back in good order, though fighting the enemy step by step. They understood what the movement was for, and executed it accordingly. Upon reaching the ground that the Second Brigade [Marsh's] had occupied we discovered that it had changed its position. We, however, retained the position, hotly pressed by the enemy, till in danger of being flanked on the left, Colonel Raith being engaged in another portion of the field. Seeing no support, I gave the necessary orders and fell back, fighting the enemy step by step, and formed on a line with some troops in our rear. Major Schwartz here requested that a portion of the brigade be detached to support his battery. The Seventeenth Illinois Regiment was detailed for that purpose, and remained until the battery limbered up and changed position. A few minutes afterward Colonel Raith fell mortally wounded..." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar&cc=moawar&idno=waro0010&node=waro0010%3A3&view=image&seq=157&size=100 Report of Lieut. Col. Enos Wood of the 17th Illinois: "About 7:30 a.m. notice came that we were really attacked, when our long roll beat, and the regiment, about 400 strong, fell in promptly. After waiting a time for orders, Acting Assistant Adjutant General Ryan came with orders from Colonel Raith (who was in command of our brigade by seniority) to move ot the left of Sherman's division, our regiment forming the right of the Third Brigade. In this position our regiment rested behind the encampment of an Ohio regiment, our left in a ravine. A section of some battery and a few skirmishers were already fighting in our front. After a time the enemy seemed to give back here, and we could see them on the opposite hill deploying men and forming heavy columns of regiments, which very soon commenced to advance. Our front was now ordered to be changed obliquely on our right, throwing the entire left of our brigade back, so as to be clear of the ravine. Very soon the enemy made his appearance, and our boys opened fire on him, doing fine execution. Our fire seemed to check their advance for a short time, when they again advanced, and as they seemed to be flanking us on the left our regiment changed front again and moved obliquely to the left, the regiment on our right [the 77th Ohio of Hildebrand's brigade?] having given way and fallen entirely to our rear. The enemy now took possession of the battery in front of our left, about 200 yards distant, and planting their colors on one of the guns, Lieutenant Davis, of Company K, seized a musket which had just fallen from the hands of one of his wounded men, aimed it at the rebel color-bearer and fired, when he fell to the ground; but the colors were soon replaced, and the enemy continued slowly to advance. At this juncture the order came to fall back and form a continuous line with the division on our right and about 50 or 60 yards in our rear, which was effected in good order, still pouring in a terrific fire on the advancing foe. Major Schwartz now requested my regiment to support his battery, which we promptly did until he was obliged to limber up and moved off without losing a gun." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A3;view=image;seq=159;size=100;page=root Report of Lieut. Col. Adolph Engelmann of the 43rd Illinois: "The color line immediately in front of the encampment being but a poor position to await the enemy in, the regiment was ordered about 100 yards forward, where it took a position sheltered by the brow of a hill and to the left of a battery stationed on the right and that distance to the front of our encampment. The two flank companies were now thrown out as skirmishers forward and to the left of our lines, the enemy crowding upon us in apparently great numbers from that direction. The enemy still advancing, so that we would soon have been exposed to a raking flank fire from the left, the now two right companies (F and D) were detached, to remain as support of the battery. At this time large numbers of our own troops belonging to the divisions (Sherman's and Prentiss's) heretofore in front of us, retired through our lines, and it was impossible to induce them to rally upon us, while the remaining companies changed direction on the eighth company to the rear, and firing by the rear rank for some time, gallantly withstood a vastly superior force of the enemy. Being here compelled to give way by the enemy passing beyond our right and left flanks and crowding upon us in front, we fell back upon the battery. This having exhausted its ammunition and lost several of its horses, being exposed to a galling fire both from large masses of infantry and two of the enemy's batteries -- one placed in position near the meeting house and the other near the encampment of the Forty-ninth -- withdrew, leaving two of its pieces on the field, the efforts of our men to draw them away by hand proving unavailing on the soft and ascending ground. The enemy steadily advancing and the position being very unfavorable for infantry, the brigade, which here had become united, fell back toward the road leading east and west through the encampment of the First Division [i.e. the Hamburg-Purdy Road line]. The brigade was rallied by its gallant commander Col. Julius Raith and formed in support of several pieces of Schwartz's battery, here placed in position, and after a short pause the enemy again pressed upon us in vastly superior numbers. Here Major Schwartz was wounded and Colonel Raith received a Minie ball through his right thigh." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A3;view=image;seq=161;size=100;page=root S.A.M. Wood's brigade reports Report of Brig. Gen. S.A.M. Wood: "At the same time the Eighth Arkansas and battalion of the Ninth Arkansas were deployed as skirmishers to relieve Major Hardcastle, who was ordered into the line. Our skirmishers soon met the enemy, who retired as we pressed forward. The firing became heavy, and, the enemy's lines being in isight, our skirmishers were called in and the brigade moved forward, attacking the enemy in his first line of camps. The resistance here was not strong. In less than half an hour he was driven back. At this moment some confusion occurred on my right. A regiment on the left of the brigade to my right was falling back, followed by two regiments of my brigade. I went to them with all my staff, and they were soon reassured, and, facing the enemy, went forward with vigor. The want of drill and of prompt command, and, in one or two instances, of discretion on the part of officers, brought about this occurrence. A severe contest now began in the brigade to my right, participated in by the right wing of my command. The enemy were driven back, the contest being more severe than the first. At this point we passed through the enemy's camps, and in pursuing the fleeing foe, one or two of the regiments of my right, by wheeling in that direction, broke the general line. At this moment I was informed that the enemy were in force on the left and in rear of our present position, with a battery [Burrows's battery] placed in rear of one of their encampments. I could see the left of my brigade, but was unable to see any of our troops, who were believed to be on our left, and who would, if there, be on the flank of the enemy. Under these circumstances I changed front forward on my left, facing the battery, and bringing back the regiments which had wheeled to the right, placed Colonel Patterson and Major Kelly on the left of the Twenty-seventh Tennessee (Colonel Williams), making my line: Ninth and Eighth Arkansas, Twenty-seventh Tennessee, Sixteenth Alabama, Forty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Tennessee, and Third Mississippi Battalion. I sent word to Brigadier-General Hindman, commanding division, of the situation of affairs, who immediately brought his brigade, commanded by Colonel Shaver, to my support, and ordered me to charge the battery. I gave the order in person to Major Kelly and Colonels Patterson and Williams, and sent it to the Sixteenth Alabama and Forty-fourth Tennessee. The battery was directly in front of the Sixteenth Alabama and Twenty-seventh Tennessee, six guns playing on these regiments and all of my left. The long lines of infantry supporting the battery could be seen plainly extending to the right and left. Between my line and the enemy, who were upon a hill, was an open field from 300 to 400 yards in width. Across this field our brave troops made their way under a galling fire of shell, shot and grape from the battery and a superior force of infantry. The enemy were driven from the hill and the battery of six pieces taken, but not without great loss on our side." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=609;size=100;page=root Report of Lieut. Col. J.W. Harris of 16th Alabama: "They remained under arms at this point until early Sunday morning, when it was advanced in line of battle, with Major Hardcastle's battalion in front as skirmishers. Sharp skirmishes were kept up until the camps of the enemy were reached, at 9 o'clock. My regiment advanced through a thick patch of briers and then through an open field, while a battery of the enemy over the crest of a hill on my left played upon the troops advancing on my right. I was halted in a skirt of woods by the battery, and was immediately ordered to charge and take it. I threw my regiment into column by division, left in front, preparatory to making the charge, but the regiment on my right having fallen back, I was ordered to wheel into line and engage the advancing foe. I did so and the enemy were repulsed. I then advanced about 300 yards when I was informed by Lieut. A. Adjutant that I was flanked on my left. I sent him to report it to General Wood. The general ordered that I change my front and engage the flankers. I did so promptly and fired for about twenty-five or thirty minutes. The enemy being protected by a hill and skirt of woods in his front, I was ordered to charge. I did so, and the enemy was driven from the field with considerable loss. I was then ordered to charge a battery [Burrows's battery] in front. I communicated this to my men. They advanced firmly and steadily under a galling fire from the supporters of the battery. I drove the enemy back and took and held the battery. At this time my ammunition gave out, and I had to retire to obtain a new supply." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=614;size=100;page=root Report of Col. W.K. Patterson of 8th Arkansas: "The line of battle was formed and we moved forward toward the enemy, already engaged in a sharp skirmish with our pickets, in the direction of his camps. Having advanced a short distance, in obedience to an order from Brigadier-General Hindman my regiment, in connection with a battalion of the Ninth Arkansas Regiment, under command of Major Kelly, went forward and deployed as skirmishers, covering our brigade, relieved another regiment, and drove in the enemy's skirmishers to his main line, near his camps. We continued to move in the line of the brigade against the main body of the enemy, who gave way after a spirited resistance, giving us a retreating fire as we advanced rapidly through the first encampment. Our lines, having been broken by the tents of the enemy, were soon reformed in order in the first open woods beyond the camp, and continued to advance under a constantly retreating fire for three-quarters of a mile. Having pursued and driven the enemy from the fences and woods beyond the field, we changed front in the direction of a large body of the enemy well posted on a hill about half a mile to our left, supported by a battery, from which we received a heavy and well-directed fire during our advance to dislodge them. As we marched up the hill under a heavy fire of the enemy we received a most deadly fire from the rear from a regiment of our friends, killing and wounding a number of officers gallantly leading the charge. At my command the officers and men fell down and sought protection by trees, stumps and logs on the side of the enemy, preferring as we did, to fall by the shots of the enemy rather than to fall by our own guns. Here Lieut. Thomas B. Bateman fell at the head of his column. The order to charge was given as soon as the fire from the rear ceased, and we passed and carried the guns of the enemy [Burrows's battery], and drove the supporting force from their position and pursued them through the camp. In this last move we changed front farther to the left in pursuit of the enemy before us, and were separated from our brigade. The brigadier-general commanding having been thrown from his horse (of which at this time I was not advised), we were left to our own judgment of what was proper to be done. I ordered the men to rest, as they had been vigorously engaged for more than five hours, and sent for a supply of ammunition to supply [cartridge] boxes. After resting about one hour and receiving a supply of ammunition we moved forward and placed ourselves to the right of a line hotly engaged. We opened fire upon him, and in a few minutes he gave way, retreating beyond a field, and took position under the fence, from which he gave us a deadly fire from his sharpshooters, which we answered with our muskets. In this engagement fell Lieutenant Price in the front rank, firing upon the enemy with his Enfield rifle. Here we killed a number of the enemy as they ran from a pile of cotton to the protection of the fence beyond. The enemy having retired from the fence beyond the range of our guns, we retired to the brigade to which we were attached to a ravine, within supporting distance of our battery, which by this time had come up to our relief. At this time the brigadier-general commanding came up to us and brought up a part of the brigade, from which we had been separated. We remained in this position until the enemy gave way, after a most obstinate resistance, and moved forward beyond the field across which we had the former engagement, and received a heavy shower of shell from the gunboats of the enemy. From this position we were moved with all our forces to a place beyond the range of the shells at about sunset and slept on our arms on beds of the enemy's hay. Having no blankets, we used tents for covering and drew rations from the enemy's commissary for supper and breakfast." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=616;size=100;page=root Report of Maj. John Kelly of 9th Arkansas Bn.: "Early on the morning of the 6th my battalion, in conjunction with the Eighth Arkansas, Colonel Patterson commanding, was thrown forward as skirmishers, relieving the Third Mississippi Battalion, Major Hardcastle commanding. After sharp firing we succeeded in driving in the enemy's skirmishers. We then took our position in line of battle and advanced upon the enemy, driving him, after a spirited resistance, beyond one of his encampments. After advancing some distance we were ordered to change front to the left, which brought us directly in front of the enemy, who was drawn up in line of battle in strong position on a hill, with a battery of artillery [Burrows's battery]. We were ordered to charge; the battery was taken, the enemy retiring to another strong position, from which he was routed after an obstinate resistance. My command, amid the confusion, was separated from the brigade, and, finding the Eighth Arkansas, we continued to act together. Our men being completely exhausted from marching and having been under fire for several hours, we moved them forward and halted in a good position in order to rest them. Here we were ordered to remain by General Hardee. Soon after one of the enemy's batteries opened an enfilade fire on us, compelling us to change our position for a more secure one. This we attained by moving about 200 yards diagonally to the left, where we remained but a short time, when we were ordered forward by General Beauregard, and placed on the right of the line, commanded, I think, by Colonel Smith or General Stewart. This was about 10 a.m. After forming this line we advanced upon the enemy and drove him back, by hard fighting, to a very strong position, from which we were unable to dislodge him, owing to the exhausted condition of our men. We, however, held our position until fresh troops arrived, when we were withdrawn. After this we rested our men about three-quarters of an hour, and were moved forward by the brigadier-general commanding at about 4 p.m. and took position in a field. From this we were advanced still farther. The enemy began to shell us from his gunboats, and we were withdrawn to a more secure position." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=618;size=100;page=root Report of Maj. Aaron Hardcastle of 3rd Mississippi Bn.: "About dawn the cavalry vedettes fired three shots, wheeled, and galloped back. Lieutenant Hammock suffered the enemy to approach within 90 yards. Their lines seemed about 350 yards long and to number about 1,000. He fired upon them and joined his battalion with his men. Lieutenant McNulty received the enemy with his fire at about 100 yards and then joined his battalion with his men, when the vedettes rode back to my main position. At the first alarm my men were in line and all ready. I was on a rise of ground, men kneeling. The enemy opened a heavy fire on us at a distance of about 200 yards, but most of the shots passed over us. Captain Clare, aide to General Wood, came and encouraged us. We fought the enemy an hour or more without giving an inch. Our loss in this engagement was: Killed, 4 privates; severely wounded, 1 sergeant, 1 corporal and 8 privates, and slightly wounded, color-sergeant and 9 privates. At about 6:30 a.m. I saw the brigade formed in my rear and I fell back. Captain Hume's company, bearing the colors, formed promptly at the command halt. I formed and took position in the brigade line of battle near the right. We advanced, dressing to the right, I charging the first camp of the enemy. I was ahead of my battalion a short distance and lost myself from it by going too far to the left. During my separation of about an hour I fought with the Sixteenth Alabama Regiment and changed front. The battalion had moved a little to the right toward an open field and were there occupied firing on the enemy running across the field. When I rejoined them they were marching forward in line against the enemy on a changed front. We halted on the right of our brigade and received a heavy fire from the enemy. We replied briskly and continued firing for some time. The enemy were driven off by a combined movement from our left. Our loss was: Killed, Captain Hughes, of Company D, while exposed in front of his company following the colors; Corporal Reeves, of Company E, color-bearer, and 4 privates. Severely wounded, 2 sergeants and 2 privates; and slightly wounded, 1 acting assistant surgeon, Lieutenant Reeves, of Company C; 1 sergeant, 1 corporal, and 10 privates. My ammunition gave out, and I was detained, supplying myself from the enemy's camp, by Captain Picket's directions. I ordered my men to wipe out their guns. Lieutenant Wilson, aide to General Hindman, passed and, in reply to my inquiry for orders, said he would bring me orders if I waited a little while. Our brigade had moved off. In a short while I moved onward and fell in with Colonel Vaughan's and another brigade. We moved on to the support of a battery. When we arrived there we were told by the colonel (Vaughan) that General Bragg wished us to remain there, but, if outnumbered by the enemy, to fall back to another battery just in the rear. The Sixteenth Alabama, Fifty-fifth Tennessee, and another regiment assembled here after a short time. The place was in front of an old field, sloping down, and was the hardest-won position of the enemy. At 5 p.m. Adjutant McClung detailed me to guard the prisoners. We marched them to the field in front of White House hospital and encamped, exposed to the rain all night." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=620;size=100;page=root Report of the Captains of 27th Tenn.: "This manner of report has been adopted because, being commanded on both occasions by a field officer, the attention of no one of the commanding officers of companies was directed at all times to orders received from superior officers nor to the precise manner in which they were carried out; hence the senior captain commanding preferred not to make a report from his own recollections of the events transpired. According to your order, on Sunday morning (6th instant), about sunrise, Colonel Williams drew up his regiment in line of battle in the position assigned him in the brigade, the extreme left. Upon hearing rapid and continuous firing to our right we were half wheeled to the right and ordered forward in the direction of the enemy. After proceeding about 1 mile we were ordered to halt, when Colonel Williams was commanded to prepare to charge a battery in our front and to the rear of the enemy's first line of tents. In order to accomplish this we wheeled partially to the right and crossed a field in full view of the battery, which immediately oepend upon our lines, resulting in the death of several privates and one gallant officer, Capt. Samuel A. Sayle. Then, after proceeding a short distance by the right flank, we came upon the enemy's skirmishers, who opened fire upon us, which was immediately returned. After drawing in the skirmishers we were faced to the front, and after proceeding in a direction inclining to the left for the distance of about 200 yards, where we formed in a corn field on the left of the Sixteenth Alabama Regiment, we then wheeled to the left and opened a brisk fire upon the enemy's line, which had formed in the second line of tents and to the rear of the battery. After the firing had continued for several minutes with much spirit on both sides the enemy retreated beyond our view. The command was then given to half wheel to the left and move forward in the direction of some tents that concealed the battery from sight. Having passed through them, our line was reformed in full view of the hill on which the battery was planted and about 300 yards distant. The command was then given to charge and promptly obeyed by our men, who reserved their fire until the branch at the foot of the hill was reached and crossed, when the enemy opened upon us from their battery and small-arms with telling effect. It was at this point that the regiment had the sad misfortune to lose its gallant colonel. He was shot through the breast and fell from his horse while nobly doing his duty, regardless of personal danger, in leading on the charge and inspiriting his men both by word and deed. ... Unfortunately for the regiment its loss did not end with the fall of its colonel, but its brave lieutenant-colonel (Brown) partially shared the fate of his superior officer. He was borne from the field with a badly fractured leg. Captain Hearn and Lieutenant Henry also fell while nobly cheering on their men; besides many noble privates died martyrs in the cause of liberty. But, notwithstanding this unpropitious beginning of the charge, they faltered not until this hazardous undertaking had been accomplished and the enemy driven from the field. We feel sir that it is but due our men to state that during the whole of this charge they were subjected to a murderous fire from front to rear, from friend as well as from foe. Owing to a mistake on the part of one and carelessness on the part of another of our regiments in the rear, many soldiers of the Twenty-seventh Tennessee Regiment met their death at the hands of those who should have come to their relief instead. After the enemy began to retreat from the battery one regiment bore to the right, under the command of Major Love, pouring a continuous fire into the enemy's ranks, until they were forced to conceal themselves among and in the rear of the tents. The charge was commenced about 10 o'clock, and fifty minutes afterward our regiment had fired its last round and was compelled to retire to procure a fresh supply of ammunition. In doing this we were entirely detached from the remainder of your brigade and awaited further orders, which were received about 3 p.m." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=623;size=100;page=root Report of Col. Coleman McDaniel of 44th Tenn.: "Early in the morning (the 6th) Major Hardcastle's battalion brought on a skirmish fight, at which time you ordered the whole of the brigade to move in the same order. We arrived on the ground where Major Hardcastle had the skirmish fight, and then Colonel Patterson's regiment was thrown out as skirmishers and Major Hardcastle took his position. We then moved in this order until we got in sight of the enemy's camp on our left, when I was informed by one of our aides that the order was to charge. We then charged, Colonel Patterson's regiment being immediately toi my front. We charged to the top of the hill, where a short skirmish ensued, and moved on to the enemy's camps, driving them before us, putting them to rout. I then reformed my regiment and moved to the left, in the line of the enemy's camps, at which time you ordered me to hold my regiment as a support to the brigade. The brigade then charged on some batteries immediately on a hill in front of us, when a heavy fight ensued, at which time I moved my regiment to the right of the brigade and in a line with one of the enemy's batteries, when the whole of our force on the left fell back a short distance. My regiment fell back some hundred yards into a ravine, when one of our batteries came up to our assistance and opened on the enemy's batteries. I then moved my regiment back up the hill, fighting all the way, other troops having come up on my left. When I got to the top of the hill I found that the enemy had retreated back to another of their encampments and that my regiment was entirely separated from the brigade. Others of our troops coming up, I kept to the right, with them fighting and driving the enemy from another of their encampments, at which time one of your aides Captain Clare came up and rendered me some very valuable assistance. My regiment continud to fight until all their ammunition was very nearly exhausted, and having lost a great many of my men, I moved my regiment back to the ammunition wagon and replenished, and then moved forward to nearly the same place, when Colonel Patterson's regiment came up, when I formed on his right. We then moved forward in the direction of the enemy and had a sharp fight, when our artillery came up, and we fell back in the rear of it, and remained there until you came to us. After several moves, but no more fighting, we by your orders lay on our arms during the night." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=625;size=100;page=root Report of Capt. W.L. Harper of Jefferson Arty. Bty.: "Moving off under your orders in rear of the advance line, as the fire of the skirmishers became sharp I continued to make the best progress I could, with weak and hungry horses, across the ridges of timbered land that separated our position from the enemy's camp. In conjunction with the Arkansas batteries, on my left, we frequently halted upon eminences where the guns could be used to advantage in case of need; but our infantry continuing to press the enemy back, we had little else to do but make the best progress possible across ground frequently difficult for artillery. It was the impediment of the ground that threw me too far to the right just as the enemy's batteries began to thicken around us, and separated me from my command the first of the day. Hurrying up, however, I was ordered by General Hindman to open on the Yankee camp on the left of Captain Swett's battery, then playing upon it. I suppose the thunder of our guns contributed toward the result that followed, for they were soon seen double-quicking toward the opposite side of the lines of tents and our own infantry charging at the same moment compelled us to cease firing. I then placed the battery in position on the opposite side of the camp, awaiting another opportunity for action, our infantry being stationed in front and for the time at rest. Renewing my efforts to find my brigade, I sent a sergeant more than a mile to the left, inquiring of every officer that passed, but could in no way obtain any satisfactory information. Nothing was now left but to throw myself in wherever a chance offered. This the enemy soon gave me, for, having been shelled out of their camp, they seemed to think the same means would dislodge us. They opened a brisk cannonade with two batteries -- one upon the front and the other upon the right oblique; their balls ranging well, but aim too high. In conjunction with a Georgia battery we returned their fire with so much effect that in the space of twenty minutes they either would not or could not sustain the contest, and I ordered a cessation of fire, when their smoke no longer indicated their position. It was now I foresaw a heavy struggle on the right. Many regiments of our infantry, supported by cavalry, were seen moving by the right flank in the woods in front of us, with a purpose, manifestly, to press the enemy in that quarter. I determined at once to support them. Moving to the right as far as the camp extended, I was ordered by Col. D.W. Adams to follow the direction taken by the infantry, which I did by crossing a deep hollow and making the best of my way up the opposite hill. Here I fortunately met General Cheatham and requested him to assign me a position. His command at this moment was at a halt. The enemy had a battery vigorously engaged with one of ours on our left oblique. He being directly in front, his position was about 400 yards across an open field, and his pieces could be distinctly seen glittering in the sun. The general ordered me to the front and to open fire immediately. ... As well as I could judge they had five guns; we four. As soon as the contest began all parties seemed to silently await the result. We had some advantage of the ground, the curve of the surface being nearer us, thereby causing their shot to ricochet over us, while ours might fall directly among them. I attributed our miraculous escape either to this circumstance or the habitual high shooting of the enemy, for their missiles passed, with a perfect range, over us at from 5 to 20 feet high. We soon made him restless in that position, and our gunners had more than once to change the direction of their aim. They however showed a perseverance to dislodge us as daring as unexpected, for, running a piece around and coming upon our right oblique, they opened upon us from about 150 yards distance. I ordered every gun at once to bear upon this one, and a few rounds soon stopped its mouth. A few more rounds were then discharged to the front, but their fire was by this much slackened, and soon ceased altogether. It was now time for the infantry to take up the fight, which they did by charging right through our battery, compelling us to cease firing. I then gave the order to retire more to the rear, to avoid the hailstorm of balls that soon fell around from the heavy volleys of opposing musketry, as well as to allow time for the men to rest after such hard work. The list of casualties in this day's operation, I am glad to say, was small in proportion to the numbers engaged. I had 70 men exposed to fire, 8 of whom were wounded, some severely, but none dangerously; 3 horses were also killed. ... Every man stood manfully to his post, and the gunners worked their pieces with admirable coolness, sometimes waiting to be told they were wasting time." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=627;size=100;page=root Report of Capt. Isaac Avery of Georgia Mtn. Dragoons: "On Sunday morning (the 6th) I was awaiting orders from General Hardee, when General Beauregard and staff, taking position near our line, he ordered us to do duty during the fight with Colonel Adams' regiment of cavalry, stationed upon the extreme right, near Greer's Ford, and sent us with Major Brewster, of General Breckinridge's brigade, as a guide. He had previously attached to my corps a straggling body of Colonel Clanton's cavalry, which left me before we got to the field, taking four guns and accouterments belonging to four of my sick men. After much delay, owing to Major Brewster's ignorance of the country, we arrived at Greer's Ford. Having gone 5 miles or more, and finding that Colonel Adams' regiment had moved toward the field, I refused to listen to Major Brewster's proposition to remain at the ford with Colonel Forrest's cavalry, and we proceeded at a hard gallop to the field, and came up with Adams' cavalry at the enemy's first camp drawn up in line of battle, and having reported to the commanding officer, my men were put on the left of the line. The entire day we were following the infantry and taking position in ravines sometimes, and sometimes exposed behind the fighting in order to charge when necessary. Our situations were often dangerous. Once we were subjected for half an hour to a heavy cross-fire of a battery on one side and infantry on the other, while at another time we were exposed to a heavy shelling on a hill from the enemy's gunboats. My men lost several horses, while large numbers were shot through the clothes. Bullets, shot, and shell fell thickly around us, and it was a matter of wonder that many were not killed. Late in the afternoon we supported the infantry that surrounded the enemy at their last stand, and began a charge which we were not permitted to follow up, the enemy retreating within protection of their gunboats. Sunday night we encamped in a swamp near the enemy's camp occupied by our infantry until 1.30 p.m." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=630;size=100;page=root Robert Shaver's brigade reports Report of Col. Robert Shaver: "Between daylight and sunrise on the morning of the 6th I received orders to advance in the direction of the enemy, and when I had advanced about a mile my skirmishers were fired upon by the enemy's, which was returned briskly and with effect, and resulted in the enemy's skirmishers being gradually driven back. A steady advance was made, the enemy's skirmishers meanwhile contesting the ground, but no very persistent resistance was offered until my command had advanced to within about half a mile of the enemy's encampments. As we were ascending the second ridge from the enemy's encampments a brisk fire was opened upon us, but being returned with determination by my skirmishers the enemy quickly retired, suffering my command to reach the crest of the ridge without material opposition. In passing the declivity of the second ridge and ascending the ridge in front of the enemy's encampment my command was subjected to a galling fire and my skirmishers driven in. Pressing forward, the crest of the ridge overlooking the enemy's line and encampment was soon reached, the enemy found in heavy force, and the battle commenced. The enemy's fire was terrific and told with terrible effect, and was returned with a spirited determination and energy that threw the enemy into confusion in the end. The conflict was very sanguinary. In the mean time Captain Swett's battery took position on my right and opened a destructive fire on the enemy's lines and camps. It soon became apparent that unless something wa done to relieve Captain Swett his battery would be rendered useless, as his men were falling fast, and I so stated to General Hindman. I was ordered to immediately charge the enemy's line and camp. The order to charge was given and promptly and cheerfully responded to by the officers and men. The enemy broke and fled in dismay, my men pursuing them through their camps and to the ravine beyond. Here the order was given to halt and reform the line. Colonel Marmaduke, in pursuit of the enemy having become detached to the right, was ordered to rejoin the command. The camp captured, from what I could afterward learn, I take to be Peabody's brigade. After reforming my line I was ordered to make an oblique change of front to the left, with the view of making an attack upon an encampment to the left and rear of the camp just captured, but before making any considerable advance I was ordered to make a flank movement to the left, reform my line, as at first, and dislodge the enemy, who were in strong force in a woods some 300 yards in front and supported on their right by a battery. Between my command and the enemy was a large field some 200 yards wide. In making this charge my command was subjected to a heavy and destructive fire and the field was strewn with my dead and wounded. Before the woods could be reached the enemy fled. In occupying the position thus abandoned by the enemy my right wing was very much exposed to the fire of their sharpshooters. To my extreme right the enemy appeared in considerable force, of which fact I apprised General Bragg, and asked for a battery to play on them. Captain Swett was ordered to take position on my right and open on the enemy's lines. In reply, the enemy opened upon my command from a battery in front and one to the right, subjecting me to a cross-fire. At this particular juncture we were deprived of the presence and service of General Hindman; his horse was killed under him by a cannon-ball and himself disabled by the concussion of the ball and the fall of his horse. Upon reporting the fact of my ammunition being nearly expended and my men being very much exhausted, having been constantly engaged since early in the morning, I was ordered to repair to the enemy's camp, supply my men with ammunition, rest my men, and await further orders. It was now between 1 and 2 o'clock in the afternoon." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=591;size=100;page=root Report of Maj. R.T. Harvey of 2nd Arkansas: "The men were called into line at daylight on the 6th. Captains Boyd's and Warfield's and Lieutenant Collins' companies were sent forward as skirmishers, and meeting the enemy about one-quarter of a mile from camp engaged them for one hour, doing good service, when General Hindman ordered his columns forward. The companies deployed as skirmishers rejoining their regiment, the whole line charged the enemy's camp and drove them 300 yards, when the firing ceased. I am not able to say precisely what was our loss in that portion of the engagement, but it was not very serious. I have the honor to state that in that engagement the officers and men conducted themselves gallantly. The brigade was next ordered to move about half a mile by the left flank into an old farm, where we lost several men from the enemy's batteries. The columns were then ordered to charge through an open field about three-quarters of a mile, exposed all the while to the fire of the enemy; but all moved forward with unexampled courage, with shouts and cheers, as their comrades were falling upon their right and left, drove the enemy from their hidden position, and occupied it for an hour and a half, exposed to the enemy's batteries. Meantime Generals Hindman, Shaver, and other officers had their horses shot from under them, at which the men, supposing these officers to be killed, grew desperate and were anxious to push forward, but were ordered to retire, which was done in good order for about half a mile. After resting an hour we were again ordered forward, and having advanced about a mile, found ourselves exposed to the enemy's masked batteries, supported by a strong force of sharpshooters. General Shaver, commanding the brigade, ordered a charge, which was executed with great vigor; but soon finding ourselves greatly exposed to cross-fires, and being surprised by superior forces, were ordered to halt and lie down, in which position we remained about an hour, and taking advantage of every possible cover the men fought desperately, while every twig and bush was cut off above them, the enemy's balls penetrating trees by dozens. After an hour's engagement, no retreat being ordered, our troops together with the whole brigade, fled about one-quarter of a mile, when, being immediately rallied, [they] were ordered to the same position, on reaching which we found that the enemy had evacuated their position. We then retired, it being 6 p.m. The greater portion of our loss occurred in this last charge." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=594;size=100;page=root Report of Maj. James Martin of 7th Arkansas: "On Sunday morning, April 6, precisely at 5 o'clock, the Seventh Arkansas Regiment, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Dean, was ordered to advance, which it did in gallant style in the face of a heavy fire from the enemy's skirmishers, going over the first hill into the valley beyond, where a halt was ordered, to allow our skirmishers to drive in the enemy and feel the ground, after which we were ordered to advance again at quick-time, which was kept up by us until we had crossed a ravine and gained the bank above, at which time the enemy in front opened on us a heavy fire, when we were ordered to lie down. After halting here for some little time we were again ordered forward, and after advancing some 50 yards we opened fire on the enemy, still advancing in good order, when a Tennessee regiment, attached to General Wood's brigade, having gotten in advance, broke and ran back, halooing "Retreat, retreat," which being mistaken by our men for orders of their commander, a retreat was made by them and some confusion ensued, which, however, was, by the gallant conduct of Colonel Dean and the company officers, soon rectified, when we again advanced to the charge, and never halted or faltered until we had driven the enemy from their first line of encampments. The regiment was then formed in line of battle beyond their encampments and marched forward to a field, where we halted, to allow our brigade commander to form his line. We were then moved about 100 yards and again ordered to advance, which we did, to the edge of a field (about 400 yards wide, the enemy occupying the opposite side), halted, and ordered to lie down. We lay here about fifteen minutes, when General Hindman came up and ordered us to charge and take one of the enemy's batteries stationed on an elevated portion of ground on the edge of the above-mentioned field. (Our ammunition at this time was almost expended, which fact I reported to General Hindman. His reply was, "You have your bayonets.") We were then formed and put in motion and advanced to the edge of the field, when this regiment (Seventh Arkansas), being in advance of the other portion of the brigade, was halted and the men caused to lie down again for a few moments, when, the other regiments coming up, we were again ordered to charge, which we did, across the open field for 400 yards in the face of a murderous cross-fire, and drove the enemy in confusion from their position. We were halted in the woods beyond, on the ground just occupied by the enemy, when, after forming, we again laid down and rested for a short time. We advanced against the foe about 100 yards, when the retreating Tennesseeans again completely ran over us, throwing our regiment into confusion. They were in such great haste to get behind us that they ran over and trampled in the mud our brave color-bearer. Happily for us and our country we possessed a brave and gallant lieutenant-colonel, who, aided by the company officers, for the second time that day rallied and formed our broken and disordered ranks. We halted here for a little time, when, the enemy gaining somewhat the rear on our right, we were marched to the rear about 200 yards, and then by the left flank until we reached a ravine, where we were formed, and after replenishing our ammunition we were moved in line of battle to the right against the enemy, who in large force were posted behind some temporary works made of logs and supported by a battery of field pieces. We moved steadily on and never faltered until we had gained the road on which the guns were brought to bear, when we, being on the left, discovered that should we advance we could be flanked by the battery, halted; but the order being given "Forward," the brave boys of the gallant Seventh never wavered, but moved with steady tread, led by our brave and gallant commander, into the arms of death. After getting across the road and in front of the enemy's position we formed and charged home, but unfortunately at this critical time, when within 30 yards of the enemy's cannons' mouth, Lieut. Col. John M. Dean, our brave commander, fell dead, shot by a Minie ball through the neck while gallantly leading us to the charge. He died as a brave man and soldier would wish, "with his feet to the foe and his face toward heaven." The troops then halted and opened a tremendous fire on the foe, when one of the most terrific fights of the field ensued. When I was informed of the fact that I was in command I found I was greatly deficient in officers, owing to the great havoc made by the enemy's guns, also that my entire support on the right, or the other portion of the brigade, had fallen back. I determined to retreat, and watching my opportunity, when the infantry, who were firing by battalions, had delivered a volley and the artillery had fired I ordered a retreat and happily brought off, though in a scattered condition, my entire command then living. I formed them in the rear of our advanced lines and after a little time was marched to the rear some distance farther and ordered to bivouac for the night. This ended the work of the Seventh Arkansas Regiment for the day of Sunday." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=595;size=100;page=root A.P. Stewart's brigade reports Report of Brig. Gen. Alexander P. (A.P.) Stewart: "On Saturday (the 5th instant) we moved forward to within 2 or 3 miles of the battle ground and formed in column of brigades, the center of each brigade at the road, my brigade in front, Colonel Russell's next in rear, and the two brigades of Major-General Cheatham's division succeeding him. On Sunday morning (the 6th instant) we took up the line of march in the same order. The regiments composing my brigade were disposed in the following order: Colonel Neely's (Fourth Tennessee) on the right; Lieutenant-Colonel Venable's (Fifth Tennessee) on the left; Lieutenant-Colonel Grayson's (Thirteenth Arkansas) right center; Col. A.W. Campbell's (Thirty-third Tennessee) left center, and Stanford's battery following in rear of the center. While our left was moving through an open field a fire of artillery was opened upon it, from which the Fifth Regiment lost 1 killed and 1 wounded and had its flag-staff severed. We continued to advance until General A.S. Johnston came up and I faced the command to the right and moved in a direction oblique to the former front, until we reached an open woods in front of one of the enemy's camps, from which he had already been driven. General Johnston having gone to some other part of the field, and finding no one to give me directions, after halting a few minutes I moved the brigade forward through the camp and beyond it, where I met a staff officer, who directed me to move to the left and then forward. I executed the order, and in doing so lost sight of Neely's regiment, which did not hear the order to move to the left. The other three regiments were pushed forward across a small stream and up the side of a hill, where I directed them to lie down until I could bring up the Fourth Tennessee. I rode back for it, passing through the left of Stanford's battery, which had become engaged with one of the enemy's to our right and front. On bringing up the Fourth I found that the other three regiments had moved forward up the hill. Just then a staff officer informed me that General Bragg desired the battery in our front to be taken. [This was in Sherman's and McClernand's line along the Hamburg-Purdy Road, not earlier.] I turned to the Fourth; told them what was wanted; asked if they would take the battery, and received the reply, "Show us where it is; we will try." The regiment moved forward, under a severe fire of canister, from which it lost 31 men killed and 160 wounded, charged and carried the battery, and drove the enemy into the thick woods beyond it, where the Twelfth Tennessee (Lieutenant-Colonel Bell) formed on its left." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=445;size=100;page=root Report of Maj. James McNeely of 13th Arkansas: "On the morning of the 6th, Colonel Tappan being absent, Lieut. Col. A.D. Grayson in command, we were drawn up in line of battle in rear of the advance column, and marched forward until we reached the first encampment, and immediately marched by the left flank until reaching the second encampment, just at which time a private of Company D was struck with a bomb and left mortally wounded. We then marched by the right flank in line of battle through the encampment. Just as we were passing out, an officer (supposed to be a Federal officer) was seen coming to the rear, and while passing a Louisiana regiment they fired on him in their rear and left, killing the aforesaid officer and horse, and killing Captain Murphy of Company G, and wounding Capt. R.B. Lambert of Company A; Lieut. J.C. Hall of Company C, very slightly; and Lieut. B.M. Hopkins, of Company I, with several other privates of the same regiment (Thirteenth Arkansas Volunteers). Our regiment, supposing that they were being fired on, returned the fire without orders, and retired about 50 yards, reformed in line of battle, and were marched forward through the second encampment. The enemy had given way, and we pursued them through a skirt of timber to a small field directly north of said second encampment; were drawn forward, and to the northwest corner of said field, and the enemy opened fire. We were ordered to return the same. We were supporting one piece of Smith's battery. Very soon one of the horses was shot down. By request our men assisted the artillerists to limber the gun, so that they succeeded in getting it away. We were then ordered to retreat to the skirt of timber through which we had previously passed. In this action we lost: Lieutenant Duncan, wounded, of Company A; Sergeant Brown; 1 other sergeant, and 3 privates killed. We then reformed and rejoined our brigade; were marched forward by the right flank; halted opposite the third encampment, where we remained a short time in line of battle. At about 12 m. we were ordered to support a battery, and drawn forward and to the left across an open space or parade ground." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=448;size=100;page=root Report of Lieut. Col. O.F. Strahl of 4th Tennessee: "The position occupied by this regiment on the morning of the 6th instant was on the right of the Second Brigade, First Division, First Army Corps, and moved forward in the second line of battle until about 10 a.m., when it came up with the first, which was driven back by a battery of the enemy in front, placed on the opposite side of an old field, on a hill. [Note: this was Sherman's and McClernand's line on the Hamburg-Purdy Road, not the earlier Shiloh Church ridge line.] Here we were thrown into some confusion by the first line of battle falling back through ours; but we soon rallied, and formed in front under a very heavy fire of grape and shell from the enemy's guns, which were about 800 yards distant. We were here separated from the rest of our brigade and lost several men. Capt. John Sutherland was killed, and Maj. J.F. Henry was wounded, and has since died. Our men here were ordered to fall flat on their faces in order to protect themselves from the enemy's fire, and while remaining here General Stewart rode up and told me that General Bragg said that the battery must be taken, and asked me if I would do it. I told him we would try, and immediately ordered the men forward, bearing to the left, in order to avoid the open field in front, and marched through a thicket of small timber at double-quick. We continued to march at double-quick until we were within 30 paces of the enemy's guns, when we halted, fired one round, rushed forward with a yell, and the battery was ours. We took 2 prisoners at the battery... During the whole time of this charge the battery played upon us with grape and canister, making sad havoc in our ranks, killing 31 men and wounding about 160. The battery, however, according to the report of the prisoners taken there, was supported by seven regiments of infantry -- four Ohio regiments and three Illinois." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=450;size=100;page=root Report of Lieut. Col. C.D. Venable of 5th Tennessee: "On the morning of April 6 we were called into line of battle before sunrise, and moved in direction of the enemy's right. Having moved forward a half mile or more, we made a deposit of our baggage, and then, moving in the same direction some 200 or 300 yards my colors were shot down by a cannon-ball; then moving by the right flank about 400 yards; then by the left flank again into line of battle. Movedin that direction about 400 yards, under a heavy fire of grape shot, and halted in front of the enemy's encampment. In about fifteen minutes I moved forward again through the encampment and halted just to its rear and in a very short time was ordered to support the left of General Bragg. Being conducted to the position where I was needed, I formed line of battle at the foot of a hill, in a small ravine, and in front of another encampment; fired one round and moved to the summit of the hill and halted, under a heavy fire of grape shot; remained but a few minutes and retired to the foot of the hill, but soon moved forward again through the encampment under a heavy cross-fire from two batteries on the right and infantry on the left and front. Moving forward in that direction I observed Col. Preston Smith's regiment drawn up at the far side of a small field and firing on the enemy. I then pressed on to his support, but the enemy being in the woods and having such advantages, Colonel Smith ordered a retreat. I then fell back to the timber, formed again, and moved back to the rear of the camps, and formed on the left of Colonel Russell's brigade, where two companies of my extreme left engaged and repulsed some sharpshooters of the enemy that had advanced up a ravine. Immediately after we were separated from Colonel Russell, and being connected with no brigade, I charged on an encampment of the enemy, in which I was successful, and, from what observations I could make, there appeared to be about 1,200 or 1,500 of the enemy in the camps. I pursued them through their camps, killing and wounding a great many and taking several prisoners. After moving forward about half a mile, and my ammunition being nearly exhausted, I flanked to the left for about 300 yards to a ravine to replenish. Having remained here about fifteen or twenty minutes, I moved on to the left, to avoid a field into which the enemy were pouring a heavy fire from artillery; then by the right flank into line of battle. After marching in that direction for 200 yards I was ordered by Major-General Polk, in person, to charge an encampment directly in front, by which I closed the only avenue of escape to the enemy in the camp and captured General Prentiss and brigade. I then flanked to the left about 300 yards and halted to rest; but in a very few minutes the shelling from the gunboats was so as to be unbearable, killing and wounding several of my men. I thereupon retired to a ravine and remained until dusk, and then moved back and encamped for the night." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=451;size=100;page=root Report of Col. Alexander Campbell of 33rd Tennessee: "On the morning the 6th my regiment was formed according to your orders for the purpose of making and advance upon the enemy. Occupying the left center of your brigade, my position threw me right upon the road leading to the enemy's camps. Before reaching the first of the enemy's camps, out of which he had been driven by our advance guard, we moved by the right flank, crossing the road, and made a steady advance, until we were ordered by you to make a move by the left flank. Just after we had commenced the movement I was ordered by Major Richmond, aide to General Polk, to move to the front, which separated myself from the Thirteenth Arkansas and Fifth Tennessee, the balance of the brigade. Just after commencing the forward movement we encountered a galling fire from a battery of the enemy, evidently intended to prevent our advance to the support of the regiments then engaging their infantry. At this point my regiment was fired upon by a regiment lying upon the ground in the enemy's camp, wounding 7 of my men, 1 of whom is thought to be mortally wounded. My regiment returned the fire with spirit and advanced steadily forward until we reached the middle of the camp, when the fire of the enemy's battery became very severe, killing Adjt. John C. Harris and wounding Capt. John Bidford and several of the men. We were, however, soon relieved of this distressing cannonading by the capture of the enemy's battery by one of our advance regiments. After passing through this camp I received an order from General Hardee to advance to the support of a regiment in his division which was then hotly engaging the enemy, who were supporting one of his batteries, which was soon silenced by our arms and an advance movement made by us. Threw my command (now the Thirty-third and Fifth Tennessee and Thirteenth Arkansas) in the rear of General Bragg's command, when I was ordered by him to advance and support any of the regiments in advance that seemed to require it. After advancing for some distance an aide of General Ruggles advised me that a portion of his command to our left needed support, when I immediately carried my command to the point indicated and found two regiments attacking the enemy in his camp on the broad road, near what was called the cross-roads. The enemy occupied a position just behind the brow of a hill, and our advance regiments occupied a similar position on the opposite side of the hill, the ridge running between them. Owing to the direction in which I had been moving, and the location of the ground, the right wing of the Thirty-third Regiment had to occupy the top of the hill, which subjected it to a very heavy fire from the enemy, which was returned by them with great gallantry and with deadly effect. Owing to the peculiar location of the ground the left wing of the Thirty-third and Fifth Regiments Tennessee Volunteers and Thirteenth Arkansas could not engage the enemy without firing over the regiments in advance of them, who had thrown themselves upon the ground for protection, while now and then some more adventurous than the rest would fire from behind trees at them. I saw that the whole attention of the enemy was directed to the right wing of the Thirty-third and was fast decimating it. I called to the regiments in advance to charge the enemy, which they declined doing." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=452;size=100;page=root Report of Capt. T.J. Stanford, Stanford's Mississippi battery: "I have the honor to report that, owing to the fact that there were no distinct roads through the woods, and the undergrowth being quite thick, I found it quite impossible to follow the course taken by the brigade on the morning of the 6th sufficiently fast to keep in position; consequently soon found my command entirely disconnected. Left to my own judgment, I determined to advance in the direction of the enemy as indicated by the firing. I soon found myself in front of one of their batteries, which opened fire upon us at a distance of about 600 yards. My guns were placed in position as soon as possible in the face of a fire that was telling both on men and horses with terrible effect. In about fifteen minutes their firing ceased, and I was gratified to know that an infantry regiment very soon took possession of it without firing a gun. Subsequently during the day I occupied positions under orders from Generals Beauregard, Ruggles, and others." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=454;size=100;page=root Robert Russell's brigade reports Report of Col. Robert Russell: "On the morning of the 6th the First Army Corps [Polk's], of which my brigade formed a part, was drawn up in columns of brigades a short distance in front of the enemy's encampment, near a ravine, covered with briers and brushwood, waiting for the order to advance. Soon after daylight the attack had been made by the right of our army, under Major-General Hardee, and the First was held as a supporting corps. While in this position the enemy opened fire upon us with solid shot and shell with field batteries posted in strong positions on the hills in front. The Second Brigade, commanded by Brigadier-General Stewart, moved to the right. Pending this movement I received orders to charge through the enemy's encampment and take it at all hazards. An Arkansas and a Louisiana regiment, which had gone before, had attempted to advance, and were driven through our lines. I immediately ordered the regiments on the left to charge, and started to advance those on the right, but was directed by General Clark to go forward with the left and he would give the order to the right wing. I placed myself at their head, and we moved rapidly forward until we had passed through a part of the first encampment, the enemy all the while pouring a shower of Minie and musket balls from the hills above, until suddenly he opened his batteries with grape and canister with such sure aim and terrible effect that the advancing line was forced to give way and retire behind the thicket and ravine, where I reformed it preparatory to a second advance. I found afterward that, instead of two regiments advancing, but seven companies had succeeded in passing the almost impenetrable undergrowth and joined in the first charge. The line being reformed, the order was given again to charge through the camp, which was done in gallant style and with complete success. At this point I sent my acting brigade adjutant to the right to see where the Twelfth and Thirteenth Regiments were, with a view to getting all the brigade together again; but he reported that three other regiments had forced their way between, and it would be impossible to accomplish this. I then moved forward with those I had up to the top of the hill, where we met with the most obstinate and determined resistance. The enemy's batteries, supported by a heavy force of infantry, rapidly thinned our ranks and held our troops back in a hotly-contested conflict, which lasted nearly an hour. They were finally forced to give way and fall back, closely pursued by our eager troops. Continuing to advance, we soon encountered a battery, two pieces of which were taken and sent to the rear. Pushing still farther forward, a force was found partially concealed in the bushes in front of our left and extending beyond that flank. Fearing they were some of our Louisiana troops, I caused the firing to cease and halted the line, and sent forward to ascertain their true character. Conflicting reports were brought back. Just at this time the troops that were on the right were seen to retire. I rode down the line to ascertain the cause. I found them to be the Fifth Tennessee Regiment, of General Stewart's brigade, and was informed that they had orders to fall back. This compelled me to retire a short distance, having first sent Colonel Brewer, who happened to pass by at the time, with his cavalry, to watch the movements of the concealed force (found to be the enemy), keep in constant communication with me and not suffer them to turn our left flank and get in our rear. At this point Colonel Freeman reported his regiment to be out of ammunition, and I had it supplied from a wagon just passing. Hearing rapid firing on the right, and there being no general officer present, I formed a line of battle as speedily as possible, facing in that direction, out of the regiments I could get together. Lieutenant-Colonel Venable, though not in my brigade, readily adopted my plans and efficiently co-operated with me at that time and on other occasions throughout the day. Colonel Marks' regiment being nearly out of ammunition I directed them to be supplied from the wagon and placed on the left of the line; but by some mistake they bore too much to the right. I now moved forward to the support of the troops engaged in front. Having advanced a short distance and passed a small ravine, the enemy was found to be strongly posted on the crest of the hill beyond. About this time Lieutenant-Colonel Gilbreath, commanding a Kentucky regiment, came up and placed himself voluntarily under my command. I joined my forces on the left of Colonel Trabue's brigade, and the whole moved forward to the attack. The enemy soon opened a brisk fire, which was returned with spirit. A long contest ensued, resulting finally in the enemy being driven from his position by a charge made by our troops. Falling back to their encampment, another obstinate stand was made; but they were soon forced to retire before the resistless march of our troops. Taking a strong position a third time, protected by a battery which was concealed in the woods on their right, and which soon opened upon us, they attempted to make another stand, but re-enforcements coming up on the left, they soon beat a hasty retreat. A final stand was made at their next encampment, but after an obstinate resistance, seeing no means of escape, the enemy hoisted a white flag and surrendered as prisoners of war. Lieut. J.C. Horne and Private T.M. Simms, of the Twenty-second Tennessee Volunteers, under my command, entered the enemy's camp first, or among the first, and brought a large number of prisoners out. Among the number was Brigadier-General Prentiss, who was delivered to me by Private T.M. Simms, and by me delivered to Major-General Polk. The prisoners being disposed of, I made preparations to move the forces under my command forward toward the river, but Colonel Freeman reported his regiment to be out of ammunition. The Twelfth and Thirteenth Regiments coming up at this time, and being in the same condition, I ordered details to proceed to the enemy's camp and supply them. This being done, General Cheatham directed a line to be formed in rear of the encampment and await further orders. The enemy's gunboats kept up an incessant fire of shot and shell." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=433;size=100;page=root Report of Lieut. Col. Robert Barrow of 11th Louisiana: "Here we remained until daylight, when we were ordered to forward by column of companies. The road, however, being unpropitious for moving in this order, we were then commanded to march by the flank, in which order we continueduntil within about 2 miles of the enemy's camp, when the command was given to form a line of battle and take our position in the brigade as assigned us the previous evening. Our position thus taken, we marched steadily forward to the scene of conflict, as indicated by the report of musketry in front, occasionally halting at short intervals for the brigade in front to push forward. Marching in this order until within half a mile of the enemy's camp, it was evident, from the constant volley of musketry and heavy cannonading, that the engagement had become general, and particularly so on our right. At this juncture Lieut. John Crowly, of Company F, lost his left arm (he having lost his right arm at Belmont, November 7, 1861), from the explosion of a shell fired from one of the batteries of the enemy, which was so planted or stationed on a hill as to command the whole surrounding country. From our position it was impossible to do any effective service, but exposed at the same time to the severity of the fire from the enemy's batteries. Then it was that the command passed along our line to charge and take the battery which was firing on us at all hazards. I am pleased to state that this command was cheerfully obeyed, and with alacrity, both by men and officers, attempted to be executed; but owing to a creek, a dense thicket of undergrowth of briers and vines and a slough through which our regiment had to pass to gain the position of this battery, but four companies (the first three on our right and one on our extreme left, whose progress had not been so greatly impeded by the creek and underbrush) had been able to make their way through and gain the summit of a hill just opposite, and about 300 yards from that upon which the battery was planted, and between which there was still this slough. As soon as that portion of our regiment had gained this hill it was discovered that this battery, which had been so advantageously planted by the enemy, was sustained by a heavy infantry force, aided by a large number of sharpshooters, who were concealed in and behind their tents, and who all together opened such a deadly and well-aimed fire as to make it impossible to hold the point gained by us, and compelled us to fall back, with a considerable loss in killed and wounded. In falling back, however, there was much confusion and disorder, and, owing to the hurried manner and the fire under which we were compelled to reform the regiment, some of the companies composing it did not take their proper positions in line of battle, and many of the men were not even in their own companies or regiments. We then pushed forward and soon gained our former position, but found the enemy had fallen back from his first position and taken a stand with the battery about 1,000 yards in the rear of his camp. Pushing forward we were soon again engaged, and after some considerable firing the battery was finally captured, which, we believe, proved to be the Michigan City. Here we had wounded Major Mason and Lieuts. H.B. Barrow and Cunningham, together with quite a number of killed and wounded. In this second charge and on the fall of the battery our regiment became more and more divided and scattered. Some of them, as I learn, purusing the then fleeing enemy on the right, while others went to the extreme left and center. That portion which went to the center were flanked on the left by an ambuscade of the enemy, were driven from this point with a heavy loss, and fell back to the main forces, where the order was given to fall back all along that portion of our line, which command was executed in order. After falling back the firing on this portion of our line almost entirely ceased. Remaining at this point very nearly an hour, which was occupied in efforts to rally our men together, we were ordered forward and a little to our left, but found the enemy had fallen back. It was not long, however, until we had again engaged the enemy, and but a short time thereafter until Colonel Marks was wounded and carried from the field. This was nearly 3 p.m." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=438;size=100;page=root Report of Lieut. Col. T.H. Bell of 12th Tennessee: "About 6 o'clock on the morning of the 6th we were ordered into line of battle about 2 miles from the scene of action. The regiment was formed on the extreme right of the First Brigade, supporting the right wing [clearly he means "left wing"] of Brigadier-General Stewart's brigade. In this position we were moved rapidly to the scene of action. When within three-quarters of a mile of the enemy their artillery opened a heavy fire upon us, but we continued to move on steadily, losing a few men. We continued to advance until we reached the enemy's cavalry encampment [4th Illinois Cavalry camp, in Lost Field], which we found evacuated. After passing through we found the enemy in large force, taking shelter behind logs, trees, and tents. We engaged them here for some time. During this engagement I had two horses shot under me and received a slight wound from the fall of my horse. My adjutant and several other officers of my command were wounded in this engagement. Finding the enemy strongly posted and hard to move I gave the order to charge, which the men cheerfully obeyed, and forced the enemy to give way for about 200 yards, when they again formed and took shelter in thick woods and falling timbers. While engaging the enemy at this point Colonel Campbell's (Thirty-third Tennessee) regiment, mistaking us for the enemy, fired into us, causing great confusion among my m en, and causing them to fall back about 50 yards. I formed the men and again advanced until we reached the left wing of General Hindman's brigade [now under Robert Shaver]. Here we got separated from our brigade, but still supporting the right wing of General Stewart's brigade. At this point General Hindman gave the order to charge the battery, which was promptly obeyed and the battery captured. General Hindman led this charge in person. When we drove the enemy from this battery they fell back about 300 yards and afterward made several unsuccessful attacks to recapture it. Captain Bankhead's battery was stationed on the ground that was occupied by the enemy's battery and we were supporting it, at which place I received a slight wound in the breast. Here we fell under the immediate command of Brigadier-General Stewart, who also assisted in the capture of the battery. It being about 1 p.m., and finding my men exhausted, I ordered them to fall back to the branch for water and to fill their canteens." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=440;size=100;page=root Report of Col. A.J. Vaughan of 13th Tennessee: "The next morning [6 April] I advanced upon the enemy, who was strongly posted with a battery of six guns [Waterhouse's], commanding every avenue of approach, and supported by strong detachments of infantry. While in this position I was told by General Bragg that this battery was a source of great annoyance to our troops, and that it must be taken at all hazards. I was ordered to take this battery by a right flank movement. I had proceeeded but a short distance when I discovered that I would be exposed to a heavy fire from two of the enemy's camps. I therefore ordered an advance to be made directly forward at this particular crisis. Four companies of the left wing were separated from this command, but with the remainder of the command, under fire of their batteries, I soon engaged a heavy body of infantry, which, after a severe conflict and a desperate charge, I succeeded in putting to flight, and captured their battery. The ammunition being nearly exhausted, I supplied myself with that found in the enemy's encampments. The remainder of my command having joined me, I was ordered to the support of Captain _____'s battery, which was taking position to my right. This I did, but soon afterwards I was ordered to support Captain Stanford's battery, which occupied a more advanced position. At this time heavy firing commenced on our right, and I was ordered to support it. I did so, when I met with General Cheatham, who ordered me to remain where I was until further orders. Here I received an order from Colonel Russell to fall in the rear of his regiment and proceed down the river until we came under the fire of the enemy's gunboats. It being now about near dark, I was ordered to fall back to an encampment, where we took up quarters for the night." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=443;size=100;page=root And for good measure Report of Col. Preston Smith of 154th Tennessee (of Bushrod Johnson's brigade): "In obedience to the order of Brigadier-General Johnson I moved forward my command, the One hundred and fifty-fourth Senior Tennessee Regiment, at daylight on Sunday morning, on the road leading to Pittsburg, and proceeded to form a line of battle, my regiment being on the right and Blythe's Mississippi regiment on my left; these two regiments forming the right wing of Brigadier-General Johnson's brigade, this wing resting on the right of the road and the brigade held in reserve to support Brigadier-General Clark's brigade. We followed the movements of that command until about 8 a.m., when an order was received from Major-General Bragg, through an officer of his staff, directing me to lead my regiment into action. This order was executed by moving my regiment by the right flank through a large open field, exposed the while to the shot and shell of the enemy's guns, placed in a road in front of us. I continued to march the command by the flank until it had crossed a muddy creek, some 300 yards from the enemy's battery, when the line of battle was formed under a galling fire from the battery, infantry, and sharpshooters. At this point the gallant Capt. Marshall Polk, with a section of his battery, advanced to my immediate front and poured into the enemy's works and on his battery a heavy and well-directed fire of grape and canister. After he had fired seven or eight rounds I directed him to cease firing and ordered my regiment forward. Right here I received orders from Major-General Bragg to push my command forward. The order was promptly executed and in gallant style, driving the enemy from his guns with much loss and capturing his battery of four pieces. In this charge I lost heavily, but continued to press on the enemy, now driven beyond his first encampment some 600 or 700 yards, capturing a section of another battery, containing two pieces, some 200 yards this side of an old field, through which the disordered columns of the enemy could be seen retreating. At this point I ordered Sergt. J.J. Pirtle, of Polk's battery, Company G, to move his gun forward on the hill, to open on the enemy retiring over a neighboring field and hill. This order was executed in gallant style and with great execution, causing destruction and consternation among the already broken ranks of the enemy. At this point I was joined by the Thirty-third Tennessee Regiment, Colonel Campbell, and another regiment -- I think an Alabama -- and three companies of the Fifth Tennessee, Lieutenant-Colonel Venable. Having advanced this command into the field, we were greatly annoyed by the fire of the enemy's sharpshooters, to which we were much exposed. I therefore commanded the men to take cover by a hill and a line of fence hard by, while the piece in charge of Sergeant Pirtle, which had been ordered up, threw grape and canister into the wood, to dislodge the enemy and drive him from his position. On this gun the enemy concentrated his fire, killing and wounding in a short time some of the men and all of the horses attached to the piece. I cannot speak in terms of too high commendation of Sergeant Pirtle and Corp. John Kenney on this occasion, both of whom exhibited great coolness and intrepidity, and abandoned their gun at last with many regrets at their inability to move it from the field. I regret to say that a detail, which I had ordered from the infantry to their assistance, failed to reach those gallant men in time to enable them to save their piece. Being still annoyed by the enemy's sharpshooters, I ordered the several regiments to fall back to the woods, some 200 yards, there to form, sending out at the same time Companies B and G, of the One hundred and fifty-fourth Tennessee Regiment, and the three companies of the Fifth Tennessee, under Lieutenant-Colonel Venable, as skirimishers, to ascertain and report what enemy there might be on our left. While the command was thus being formed Lieut. W.B. Richmond, aide-de-camp to Major-General Polk, came up, and directed me to report to General Polk for orders, and Lieutenant-Colonel Wright to take command of my regiment and to move it forward to the cross-roads, to a point to the right of the position it then occupied. On reporting to General Polk I was directed to take command of the brigade of General B.R. Johnson, that gallant officer having received a painful wound, which compelled him to leave the field. I proceeded at once to take command of the brigade, which I formed on the right of the avenue leading by the second encampment of the enemy, on the Pittsburg road, and just beyond the cross-roads. On my arrival there I found about 150 men of the Fifteenth Tennessee and about 200 of Blythe's Mississippi regiment fit for duty. The ranks of the One hundred and fifty-fourth and Second Tennessee I found also much reduced. Scarcely had the command been placed in position in the order of battle ere the enemy advanced through the woods north of our position and opened a heavy and well-directed fire upon us. The One hundred and fifty-fourth Senior Regiment and Blythe's Mississippi regiment, under the command of Major Moore, Colonel Blythe and Lieutenant-Colonel Herron having previously fallen, were at once moved into the woods to meet and engage his advancing columns. After a sharp conflict of some thirty minutes' duration, it having been reported to me that the One hundred and fifty-fourth Tennessee had exhausted their ammunition, I ordered that regiment to withdraw, and the Second and Fifteenth Tennessee to move forward, which they did promptly, driving the enemy back after a fierce engagement of fifteen or twenty minutes. In this engagement the whole command suffered severely. At this time, my ammunition wagons having arrived, I sent the One hundred and fifty-fourth, Second and Fifteenth Tennessee Regiments to supply themselves with ammunition, retaining Blythe's Mississippi regiment for the support of the battery placed at this point. Before the return of the regiments sent back for ammunition the enemy advanced his sharpshooters on the road in front of the battery, and was annoying the command greatly by his well-directed fire. Perceiving that the single regiment there supporting the battery was not sufficient to hold the position, I ordered up Company L, of the One hundred and fifty-fourth Regiment (Captain Cole), armed with Maynard rifles, to be deployed as skirmishers on the right and in front of my position while another regiment was coming forward. Riding back about 200 yards I brought up the Fourth Tennessee, Lieutenant-Colonel Strahl commanding, which came up to the conflict in most gallant style to the relief of Blythe's regiment and Captain Cole's company, which were hotly pressed by the enemy, and a fierce and somewhat protracted engagement drove the enemy in great disorder from this portion of the field, to which he did not again return during the day. The One hundred and fifty-fourth and Second Tennessee having reported with ammunition, the One hundred and fifty-fourth, by direction of Major-General Polk, under whose immediate supervision all of the movements of the army on this portion of the field had been conducted, was ordered to the support of a battery in the avenue before spoken of. The Second Tennessee, having been joined by the Thirty-third Tennessee, was placed in position to repel a threatened attack of the enemy on our right. Soon after this we were ordered forward to the support of a line of battle, composed of the Thirty-eighth Tennessee and some other troops, on the left of the road leading to Pittsburg, the One hundred and fifty-fourth having been ordered to the support of Swett's (Arkansas) battery. In this position we moved forward and occupied the last encampment of the enemy, in the direction of the river, from which my command retired, under orders, about sunset." http://ebooks.library.cornell.edu/cgi/t/text/pageviewer-idx?c=moawar;cc=moawar;idno=waro0010;node=waro0010%3A2;view=image;seq=464;size=100;page=root My conclusions From reading over these reports it certainly seems that S.A.M. Wood's brigade was doing the majority of the fighting against Raith's brigade, with some support from Shaver's brigade. It appears that A.P. Stewart's brigade was too far over to the [C.S.] right to have taken part in the fight against Raith's brigade in the Shiloh Church ridge line; it apparently just fought against Raith [or Raith and the rest of McClernand and Sherman] in the second line, along the Hamburg-Purdy Road, not earlier.)
  48. 3 points
    yall might have seen this book on the FB page but i wanted you to know this a interesting book."Shiloh-.Place of Peace,Piece of Hell" by H Grady Howll and many pictures by Mike Talplacido
  49. 3 points
    Much has been said of the 'cantankerous and contrary' David Reed, seemingly growing more obstinate with age; the 'Father of Shiloh' appeared to act as a block to reasonable requests for markers at the Park to be adjusted, or placed, as individuals desired. One of my favourite stories relates to a special visit made in November 1901, when a veteran of the April 1862 battle returned to Pittsburg Landing in order to refamiliarize himself with the topography, prior to releasing his autobiography for publication. Lew Wallace had developed the belief, that at the time his Division was ordered to take that other bridge (Wallace Bridge, on the River Road over Snake Creek), and just before he counter-marched his force back north and east and south, the leading element of his division was within sight of Owl Creek Bridge; to General Wallace, it appeared to be a case of 'so close... and yet, so far.' The aging general had even brought along a marker that he intended to erect at the location, indicating the furthest advance of his 3rd Division on that fateful Sunday, April 6th. But, Major Reed would have none of it: he refused to allow General Wallace to place his marker where he believed it should go. Instead, Reed convinced Lew Wallace to re-visit that Sunday trek, from Crump's Landing, through Stoney Lonesome, south and west along the route of the old Shunpike, and 'see what facts were thrown up.' And Reed agreed to come along. Near the end of the process, after a journey of several hours, Lew Wallace came to a rise overlooking a distant bridge, and remarked, 'This is it. My cavalry -- the 5th Ohio -- had nearly reached that bridge; the infantry got to right here.' Are you sure?' asked the Major. 'Positive,' snapped the General. 'This is exactly as I remember.' 'Well...' replied Reed, rubbing his chin. 'That's actually what I had come to believe, too.' 'But, you said...' Lew Wallace spun a confused face towards Reed, and demanded: 'What do you mean?' 'That,' indicated Major Reed, 'is the upper bridge over Clear Creek... Owl Creek Bridge is four miles further on.' [For a better telling of the story, see the 10-page reference, below.] Ozzy http://archive.org/stream/generallewwallac00rich/generallewwallac00rich_djvu.txt
  50. 3 points
    Thank you, Perry, for mentioning my Gettysburg electric trolley research. I've spent enough time and research on it over the years to write a book! If I ever find the time, maybe I will! A Licensed Battlefield Guide, Fred Hawthorne, took me under his wing and shared all he collected on the trolley and spent time showing me all the little known (and often overlooked) remaining remnants of the trolley line and its stations that once resided on the battlefield after the war. Subsequently, I spent time at the National Archives, the Adams County Historical Society and on the internet collecting additional photos, newspaper articles, copies of legislation, and facts and figures. As Perry mentioned, in 1999 and subsequent years I lead tours of portions of the trolley line to some members of the Gettysburg Discussion Group (GDG) and individuals. (How could I possibly forget that bald dude from Oklahoma! Unfortunately, right now I'm still unpacking from the recent interior painting of my house. My notes of the Gettysburg electric trolley are still nestled in one of the remaining unpacked boxes. Once I get settled in, I'll be happy to share a few Gettysburg electric trolley vignettes with this group. Until then, I'll share this stunning photo taken near the Sachs Mill Covered Bridge in Gettysburg of me and that bald dude from Oklahoma during that 1999 GDG Muster weekend.
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