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  1. 1 point
    Maybe Grant sustained Mason to help out a fellow from Ohio? Just a thought as he might have smarted at the accusations against the state. At any rate, it is very much human nature to blame a whole group, even if the 1st, 4th, and 20th Tennessee did not conform to the stereotype about Tennessee troops at Shiloh.
  2. 1 point
    For The Maps of Shiloh I am creating a “tactical” order of battle for April 7, as the Confederates and Grant's army had lots of units mixed here and there, and it helps to understand the fighting. In doing so, I have found a few units where it is hard to establish where they were. All but one is Confederate. 46th Ohio I have found nothing in Daniel, Smith, or Lanny K. Smith. You can bet if this regiment had so much as marched 100 yards, Thomas Worthington would have mentioned it along with a dig at Sherman. But there is nothing I have seen. 17th Alabama Jackson lost his brigade on the night of April 6 except for the Washington Light Artillery. He does mention coming upon the 17th Alabama towards the end of the day. (OR 10 1 555) Should be noted that Dunlop mentions Jackson going into battle and supporting him, although he possibly misidetfied the commander. (OR 10 1 625) 25th Alabama In Loomis' report he only mentions he was not with the brigade (one wing was led by Deas and the other by Moore) and that the regiment was engaged. Otherwise, nothing else is mentioned. Loomis in his second report indicates he was not in command on April 7 and mentions a report by Major George D. Johnston, that is not in the OR. (OR 10 1 540 and 544) One place to look is Johnston's papers: https://cdm17336.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/p17336coll44 I also found this, but it is vague about the action on April 7: http://vcwsg.com/PDF Files/Wilson P Howell Co I 25th Alabama Regiment .pdf 31st Alabama (49th) The regiment is barely mentioned by Trabue, which is suspicious as his report is very detailed. He does praise them, but indicates their actions on April 7 could be found in their report, which is missing. (OR 10 1 617-619) 2nd Arkansas, 6th Arkansas, 7th Arkansas Shaver went forward with the 2nd and 6th Arkansas on April 7. The 7th Arkansas was left with a battery and the 3rd Confederate moved to Breckinridge's sector, joining with Trabue. Timothy B. Smith has Shaver advancing into Jones Field with Wood, while Daniel does not mention him. Reed places Shaver attacking with Cheatham around noon. Its a mess, made worse by a lack of regiment reports. My gut says, since Shaver mentioned going in with Cheatham and Wood never mentioned Shaver, that Reed is right. (OR 10 1 575 579 593 Daniel 280 Smith 349 Reed 70) 11th Louisiana What this regiment was doing is very hard to ascertain. Russell does not report seeing them. Barrow's report...well its better if I just quote it: “On Monday morning, April 7, I am informed, and have every reason to believe it to be the case, a portion of our regiment, consisting of about 200 men and the following-named officers, Adjt. J. G. White, Capts. J. H. McCann and J. E. Austin, and Lieuts. Beynon, R. L. Hughes, J. E. Hyams, Davis, A. Le Blanc, and Thomas S. Pierce, all of whom had remained on the field the previous night, formed a battalion, and attached themselves to General Anderson’s brigade, under the command of Capt. J. E. Austin, Captain McCann having turned the command over to him. Why the command was thus transferred to a junior officer I am unable to state. They were immediately ordered with the brigade of General Anderson to our extreme left and to assist General Breckinridge’s command; but, just before meeting the enemy, came up with the brigade of Colonel Russell; was ordered into it'; advanced with it, engaged the enemy, and under the most galling fire fell back with it, where they reformed, and, with General Anderson on their left and Colonel Russell on their right, made a desperate charge, driving the enemy from his position, capturing two of his guns, and driving him inch by inch until he became so strongly re-enforced that they were ordered to fall back. Here Lieutenant Pierce, who had fought so bravely and gallantly throughout the previous day, and who had command of Company F, Continental Guards, fell, it is supposed, mortally wounded, as his body has not been since recovered or heard from. The loss in men was also heavy at this juncture. From that time throughout the whole engagement that portion of our regiment, a part of the time, however, was under the immediate command of General Anderson, as the First Brigade had been greatly cut up and divided, and a portion of General Breckinridge’s command coming in on their right and between them and Colonel Russell’s brigade.” What I infer is they were going to meet with Anderson, only before they were engaged they joined up with Russell. I believe Anderson attacked right after Gibson did at Jones Field around 10:30 a.m. If correct, this report places Anderson in the attack with Wood, yet the reference to captured cannon has more in common with Gibson's attack. I think it possible the 11th Louisiana was involved in both attacks, but Barrow not being there, had to rely on second-hand reports. After that it gets weirder, with Russell being to the right of Breckinridge, although Austin's men being between Anderson and Breckinridge makes sense given Anderson and Trabue's reports. To make it even weirder, Barrow is mentioned by Henry Allen, who led an ad hoc brigade around Shiloh Church centered around the 11th Louisiana. No other report I have seen mentions Austin's force. (OR 10 1 418 422 490 500-501 617-618) 55th Tennessee (McKoin’s) Hardcastle mentions that he marched back to Shiloh with the 55th Tennessee, but they became separated. There is no report for the 55th Tennessee. Since Hardcastle’s 3rd Mississippi Battalion did not make it, I doubt the 55th Tennessee did. That said, Hardcastle did say he later saw the 55th Tennessee with the 16th Alabama, which went into the attack with Cheatham around noon, so maybe they did make it? Likely not with Cheatham’s attack, but arriving just as the army was preparing its last defense. (OR 10 1 597 603-604) 1st Alabama Cavalry The only lead I have is Chalmers, who praises Clanton and makes it clear he was almost always at Chalmers' side. Without any other evidence, I must conclude Clanton stayed with Chalmers. (OR 10 1 553) Kentucky Cavalry (Morgan’s) Basil Duke does not mention anything for April 7 save Morgan being in the final rearguard. If Morgan's men had even captured one man, I am 100% certain Duke would have reported it, complete with a colorful anecdote. In the absence of anything else, I think Morgan was like most of the cavalry on April 7, in the rear forwarding stragglers. (Duke 154) Kentucky Cavalry (Thompson’s) Reed merely says “do not appear to have been engaged.” This unit remains one of Shiloh's little mysteries. (Reed 86) Watson Artillery (Beltzhoover’s Louisiana) There is an entire forum post where this unit's role is debated. I think they were in the final artillery line organized by Shoup. More on that under “Shoups’s Battery.” Pettus Flying Artillery (Hudson’s Mississippi) Outside of the one April 6 battlefield marker, there is nothing. Reed's wording “No mention in the reports of either Hudson's or Watson's batteries” makes me think those reports are still somewhere. A man can dream.” My guess though is as Martin quickly shifted towards Dill Branch on April 6, Hudson's battery may have fallen in with Shoup. More on that below. (Reed 88) Shoup's Battery I think one reason a few batteries remain a mystery on April7 is they were with Shoup and the “grand battery” he formed on April 6. I think they remained under his command and due to the confusion were not committed until late on April 7. I do not think its coincidence that these batteries are “missing” and were with Shoup on April 6. In the case of Hudson, he could have joined on the night of April 6 while Watson was in the rear and may have just fallen in. References in Smith also lead me to this conclusion. Among the batteries were: Hubbard’s Battery (Jackson Light Artillery, Arkansas), Trigg’s Battery (Austin Artillery, Arkansas), Robert’s Battery (Clarke County Light Artillery, Arkansas), Lyon Battery (Cobb’s Kentucky) check Smith Warren Light Artillery (Swett’s Mississippi) (Reed 70, Smith 384 390, Shoup “Art of War in ‘62” 12) Last but not least, these Confederate units were not engaged. 18th Alabama, Tennessee Battalion (Crews’) Both were guarding prisoners. (OR 10 1 555 616 618) 6th Mississippi Cleburne sent them away from the battle, as the regiment was already thoroughly chewed up. (OR 10 1 582-583) 3rd Mississippi Battalion Was marching back to Shiloh only to be informed by fleeing men it was all over. (OR 10 1 603-604) Company E 2nd Battalion Alabama Artillery (Gage’s) Chalmers says were not on the battlefield on April 7. His report is fairly detailed so I trust him. (OR 10 1 552) Helena Artillery (Calvert’s Arkansas) This is based on a guess, but they are not included in the April 6 grand battery. Shoup mentions sending men back to Corinth with captured cannon and I suspect it was Calvert’s battery. (Shoup 8-9)
  3. 1 point
    Thanks, I read over Haydon's article, and offered some important tactical and staff details. Thanks for pointing me to it.
  4. 1 point
    Fifty years after the end of the Civil War, an astute author realized that the men who had made History, and their stories were in imminent danger of being lost forever. So, Mamie Yeary set out across Texas (and had manuscripts sent her) to record as many “average Johnnies” as possible. Their stories, brief and poignant, leave the reader “wishing for more” …which may be possible, because many kept diaries; and almost all wrote letters during the war. And, with a name (and combat unit designation) we now have a starting point… especially for the scores of Confederate Shiloh veterans who made these pages: https://archive.org/details/reminiscencesofbv1year/page/1 Reminiscences of the Boys in Gray (1912) by Mamie Yeary. https://archive.org/details/reminiscencesofb00year/page/n5 Reminiscences (Vol.2) [See pages 428 - 9 William Lee 6th Arkansas; pp.515 - 7 John Middleton 23rd Tennessee, for examples of what is available by searching for "Shiloh." Also, pp. 884 - 890 lists almost every skirmish and battle in Tennessee (and surrounding pages list almost every skirmish, action and battle in every State during the 1861 - 1865 War.)]
  5. 1 point
    As for shirkers at Shiloh, the two States besmirched: Tennessee and Ohio. Tennessee was pointedly mentioned in a Letter from Mrs. Bragg to General Bragg (and in a subsequent letter, he agreed with her observation.) Tennessee also suffered from “that regiment” that even Breckinridge and Isham Harris could not control... leading to General Johnston trying his hand... leading to the General's death. On the Federal side, Ohio was the one that had to overcome the bad reputation: EVERYONE knew about the 53rd Ohio and their Colonel, who told them to, “Run and save yourselves.” And in front of Brigadier General Hurlbut, Myer's 13th Ohio Light Artillery deserted its six guns immediately after a lucky hit from Rebel Artillery (thought to be Robertson's) exploded their ammunition chest. And there was the 71st Ohio (Rodney Mason), which was supposed to be with Stuart on the far left... but no one could recall seeing them. And of course, Buell's Army of the Ohio received bad press outside of Ohio for arriving at Savannah DAYS later than he should have... [This caused unexpected enmity, because many soldiers from Ohio claimed it was IOWA soldiers who were at the waterfront in their thousands; and that IOWA regiments had been captured at sunrise in Prentiss' Camp.] It is wrong to paint “everyone from there” with the same brush, but it is human nature. [In the case of “Prentiss was captured early in the day,” it took him many months to retrieve his reputation – and the reputations of soldiers captured with him – after the incorrect reports in newspapers circulated... everywhere. And he and 2000 others were stuck in POW camps until OCT/ NOV 1862, without ability to address those charges.] [Also interesting to note: both William T. Sherman and Ulysses S. Grant were originally from Ohio; yet both avoided the "Ohio Tar Brush" that appeared at Shiloh.]
  6. 1 point
    Joseph Rich was obviously biased against Lew Wallace: a man whose Division had been promised to the 12th Iowa all day, yet failed to deliver. [Although not delivered to POW Camp, Joseph Rich was captured with many other wounded men -- perhaps as many as 300 -- yet left behind, mostly in the Camp of the 3rd Iowa, because it was too much trouble to remove wounded prisoners that could not walk from the battlefield. Two other captured wounded known to have been left behind: David W. Reed (Father of Shiloh NMP) and BGen WHL Wallace.] Lew Wallace's Division had been promised to most of the other Shiloh defenders, as well. [Apparently, LtCol James B. McPherson knew where Lew Wallace was going to be installed... but he arrived too late, and remained on the far right of the Union line, where the Third Division started Day Two.]
  7. 1 point
    Major Dudley Haydon reached Richmond end of April/ early May 1862. He carried with him 1) a Letter from Brigadier General William Preston to Johnston's son dated 18 APR 1862, 2) his Diary (from at least January, perhaps back to OCT 1861 when he joined General Johnston's Staff at Bowling Green) 3) eye-witness accounts of General Johnston's death from the other members of Staff, 4) knowledge of Staff meetings and Councils of War in the days leading up to Shiloh, 5) knowledge of General Johnston that he could share with Wm. P. Johnston (who had not seen his Father since SEP 1861). Either with the help of reporters, or on his own, Major Haydon's “Rough Notes of the Battle of Shiloh” appeared in 3 May 1862 edition of Richmond Daily Dispatch, Front Page, center column. General Beauregard's courier-delivered report was not printed by Richmond Daily Dispatch until 10 May (and was on page 2, running three columns in length.) [Shortly after placing Colonel W. P. Johnston "on his Staff," President Davis also gave the Colonel his own room in the Executive Mansion. Therefore, I believe anything Dudley Hayden shared with W. P. Johnston was shared with President Davis.] As for that June 1862 meeting between Colonel W. P. Johnston and General Beauregard in Mobile (after the General's removal from command, replaced by Bragg) ...THAT would have been one uncomfortable discussion.
  8. 1 point
    I read it today and thought "everything that is old is new." Outside of his harsh treatment of Lew Wallace, this very much reads like Tim Smith's argument. That adds to my contention that a lot of current scholarship, far from being unbiased, is a more detailed version of the Just Cause narrative of the Civil War. Before anyone chops off my head, Smith's work on Shiloh is first rate and I refer back to it all the time in my work. I also like Sword, Cunningham, and Daniel, and all three of them for different reasons. Hell, even Groom works as an introduction to the battle. Shiloh has been better served by historians and authors than most other battles of the war.
  9. 1 point
    Interesting... Do we know what Haydon delivered? In my Beauregard research I think Preston Johnston, at least in 1862, did not totally have it in for Beauregard. His report to Davis could have been harsher.
  10. 1 point
    For another take on Johnston's death, this comes from his courier: Broome, John P. “How Gen. A.S. Johnson Died.” Confederate Veteran, vol. 16 (December 1908), p. 629. I am not certain I believe it, but its better than William Stevenson's account, which does not line up and seems like an attempt to be there for a big moment. I posted it here as I consider couriers to be part of the staff, even if not formally so. I had an ancestor who was a courier for Loring, even though he was illiterate.
  11. 1 point
    Joyce, Fred. “Two Dogs.” The Southern Bivouac, October, 1883, 72-74. - Places Cobb with Trabue on April 7, likely at Crescent Field in the morning.
  12. 1 point
    Southern Bivouac Monthly (1882 – 1887) Much like the Union Veteran's National Tribune, the Southern Bivouac provided a forum for Southern Veterans wanting to air views on battles and leaders. Published by the Southern Historical Association of Louisville, Kentucky from 1882 until 1887 the monthly magazine benefited from the quality of its editors: Wm. N. McDonald, R. W. Knott and Basil Duke. All six volumes are available at HathiTrust at the below link: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002909878 Southern Bivouac Monthly Magazine And for SDG readers, these are some of the most interesting articles: Vol.1 – “General John H. Morgan” (pp.45 – 49; 149 – 151); Island No.10 (pp.55 – 62); Morgan's Men and the Camp Douglas Conspiracy (pp.65 – 67). Vol.2 – “General Joseph Wheeler” (pp.240 – 244); “General Cheatham” (pp.145 – 150); “General N. B. Forrest” (pp.289 – 298; 337 - 345 ); Shiloh by editor (pp. 150 – 162); Shiloh by Basil Duke (pp.201 – 216); “Bagwell vs. Hicks: Two Illinois men meet at Shiloh” (pp.270 – 1.) Vol.3 – “Grant at Shiloh” (pp.305 – 307); “Incident at Shiloh” (pg.418). Vol.4 – “Morgan's Escape” by Thos. Hines (pp.49 – 60); Grant as General (pp.60 – 62). “Liddell's Record of the Civil War – A.S. Johnston vs. President Davis” (pp.411 – 420). Vol.5 – “Grant vs. Lee: a comparison” (pp.279 – 283); A.S. Johnston (pp.320 – 325). Vol.6 – “INDEX” (pp.777 – 1050). N.B. The run of Southern Bivouac ended in 1887 by being sold to Century Magazine. Additional Note: To easily find a subject of interest, select a volume; SEARCH for topic in that volume (i.e. Shiloh, or Morgan, or Bragg); select one of the HITS returned. This will have to be done for each of the six volumes. [Alternatively, an INDEX is included in Volume SIX beginning page 777.]
  13. 1 point
    Here are a few gems I found. “Colonel Hicks–Captain Bagwell.” The Southern Bivouac, January 1884, 270-271. - A rare Union centered article. Hicks comes across as an action hero. Duke, Basil. “The Battle of Shiloh.” The Southern Bivouac, December 1883, 150-162. - This is part 1 of Duke's retelling. He has Johnston predicting a battle not at Pittsburg Landing but Shiloh Church itself during Johnston's brief stay at Mufreesboro. Of course Johnston said this to Bowen and both men were conveniently dead. Harcourt, A.P. “Terry’s Texas Rangers.” The Southern Bivouac, November 1882, 89-97. - This one is pretty good for Fallen Timbers. “How One Man ‘Stuck Togedder’” The Southern Bivouac, November 1884, 130-131. - This explains why the 31st Alabama (49th) was in Trabue's second line when they advanced into Crescent Field on April 6, and possibly why Trabue hardly mentioned them in his report. Johnson, E. Polk. “Jefferson Davis at Home.” The Southern Bivouac, August, 1886, 137-148. - Davis in his final years, still getting emotional over Johnston. Joyce, Fred. “Two Dogs.” The Southern Bivouac, October, 1883, 72-74. - Story of a dog killed at Shiloh. Hard to place but I would say Crescent Field, morning of April 7. More importantly, it places Cobb with Trabue on April 7. Joyce, Fred. UNTITLED The Southern Bivouac, March 1883, 318. - I forgot so look it up. Rogers, J.M. “The Honors of Shiloh.” The Southern Bivouac, August, February 1886, 574. - One of those Buell > Grant pieces. Steele, S.W. “Incidents at Shiloh.” The Southern Bivouac, May 1885, 418-419. - Not sure I believe this one but it is fun. It is about Bragg on April 5 and 6. Weller, J.H. “The Fourth Kentucky.” The Southern Bivouac, May and June, 1883, 346a-354a. - Pretty good recounting of the regiment's first actions at Shiloh. “Wild Bill.” The Southern Bivouac, March 1883, 316-317. - Funny anecdote. Witherspoon, A.J. UNTITLED The Southern Bivouac, March 1885, 326-327. - Anecdote of Gladden's initial attack on Prentiss
  14. 1 point
    Thanks for the above information, especially about Baylor: been collecting as many details of Albert Sidney Johnston's Staff as possible http://shilohdiscussiongroup.com/topic/1901-albert-sidney-johnstons-staff/?tab=comments#comment-14303 primarily because of the Beauregard vs. Jefferson Davis feud, and the role of General Johnston's staff in white-anting General Beauregard, helping facilitate his removal from command in June 1862. [One particularly fascinating character is Dudley Haydon (sometimes spelled Hayden) of Kentucky. He hand-delivered material to President Davis at Richmond after attending General Johnston's funeral in New Orleans that contradicted General Beauregard's Shiloh Battle Report. But after arriving at Richmond early May 1862, he disappears from the record until years after the war, back in Kentucky.]
  15. 1 point
    The old link appears to be disabled; this is the new link: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/spec-coll/msc/ToMsC950/MsC906/CivilWarCollection.html [Scroll down 1/4 page.] “Sunday, April 6th. It has been a pleasant day so far as weather is concerned but extremely unpleasant on account of the shell, shot, and bullets flying so profusely. The rebels attacked our advance about six o’clock A.M. Our regiment was not called out until about ½ past 7 oclock. We formed in line of battle soon after leaving our camp and met the enemy (who had driven our advance divisions back) about ¾ of a mile from our camp. The battle was tremendious and we were under continual fire till dark. The secesh flanked us and caused us to fall back and finally drove us back nearly to the river, but we checked them by well aimed shots from our gun boats and siege guns on the hill above the landing. Firing closed about dark and we lay on our arms all night in a drenching rain. Buell reinforced us during the night. “Monday, April 7th. Buell took the advance this morning and at early dawn the ball opened again with fresh vigor on our side for our boys were determined to drive them over the ground we lost yesterday. Cheered on by reinforcements the old troops took fresh vigor and by four P.M. they were entirely routed and made a hasty retreat leaving us in possession of the field and many of their cannon. The field is covered all over with killed and wounded. I look over a portion of the field and Oh, the suffering to be seen. I went back to the old camp and am in my own tent once more safe but it looks lonesome for many of our boys are not here and we know not what has become of them. It has been rainy all day and rains very hard tonight." [Above two diary entries found at University of Iowa Libraries. Private Turner Bailey (school teacher before the War) assisted General Prentiss with the rest of the Third Iowa until just before the position collapsed. Some of the Third Iowa (Major Stone and Captain O'Neill, along with perhaps thirty other members) were taken prisoner. Bailey made it to Grant's Last Line.]
  16. 1 point
    The primary source for prisoner identification of John Hunt Morgan at Corinth on 7 April 1862 is 1st Lieutenant Joseph B. Dorr, QM for the 12th Iowa Infantry who was captured with most of the rest of his regiment at Hell's Hollow about 5:30 p.m. on April 6th. Dorr had been a newspaperman with Dubuque Herald before the war, and indicates in his diary: "I saw and conversed with the celebrated Captain John Morgan [on Monday afternoon]. He was pointed out to me by a young man in the crowd... He talked with several prisoners, but my informant said he did not wish to have us know him." [Found on pages 96 - 97 of A Perfect Picture of Hell (2001) edited by Genoways & Genoways; University of Iowa Press.]
  17. 1 point
    Which two states would those be? I know Tennessee is often accused, but for the rest it seems very much like a regiment to regiment deal, even for Tennessee.
  18. 1 point
    Do you have the sources handy? It would explain why Duke is so quiet about April 7.
  19. 1 point
    Looking through it today I found two nuggets in volume 1. On page 45 you get a short account by Baylor. It is blunt, including a defense of slavery. He mentions getting shot in the nose while on Johnston's staff. The best though is by a member of Morgan's squadron on page 259-261. It is very detailed. It places Morgan at Sarah Bell Field before shifting over to the right. Apparently Morgan acted as escort for Breckinridge before 2:00 p.m.
  20. 1 point
    That makes sense, as the 46th Ohio pretty much disintegrated after the afternoon fight in Crescent Field. I do have an update... In volume of Reminiscences of the Boys in Gray, page 764, a veteran of the 17th Alabama mentions guarding prisoners on April 7. Jackson in his report (555) says the regiment fell back to its starting line, but he saw it later. Seems the regiment was a cross purposes on April 7, hence its absence most of the day.
  21. 1 point
    As for Colonel Worthington's 46th Ohio: that officer had a “personality clash” with fellow Ohian William T. Sherman. And Worthington ultimately was subjected to Court Martial AUG 1862. I would not be surprised that Worthington submitted a report... that was never submitted by General Sherman (or which was presented at the Court Martial, and suppressed, by being included in the Court Martial file.) Also, Sherman wrote his official Shiloh report extremely quickly; finished it before Halleck arrived 11 April 1862, despite being actively engaged in the field thru 8 April. But, as regards the 46th Ohio: After the war, Colonel Thomas Worthington was able to provide a detailed account of Shiloh due to the fact he kept a detailed diary. See https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hx4u5n&view=1up&seq=40 "History of 46th OVI" by Col. T. Worthington. Worthington indicates on 39th page of above work [marked as 11] that at 3 p.m. on 6 April he was ordered to deliver a report to General Grant, and found him at dinner aboard the Tigress. On the 40th page [marked as 12] Colonel Worthington indicates he was back at the Landing 5 p.m. and was ordered by General Grant to “return to the battle-line, and keep the troops well up in front.” There is no report from Worthington concerning location or action of 46th Ohio on Day Two; and McDowell's report indicates “fragments of regiments assigned to his brigade joined other commands on Day Two (April 7).” Atwell Thompson's 1900 map does not indicate location of the 46th Ohio on Day Two. None of the 46th Ohio killed, wounded or captured at Shiloh are indicated as anything besides “6 April 1862” in Adjutant General records for Ohio: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112047586000&view=1up&seq=366&size=125 Other Thomas Worthington references: https://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Worthington%2C Thomas%2C 1807-1884 The definite location of 46th OVI on Day Two remains undetermined. Likely locations: company-sized groups served in support of other regiments; shirkers hiding at Pittsburg Landing; battalion-sized unit acting as support for artillery on Grant's Last Line...
  22. 1 point
    Thanks I hope it exceeds expectations. Shiloh is a bear of a battle to depict in accurate maps, but I have found some good stuff getting this ready.
  23. 1 point
    I look forward to the publication of your book. I have several others in the series and have been lamenting the lack of a volume on the Battle of Shiloh.
  24. 1 point
    In March/ April 1864 a massive inspection of Confederate Artillery was conducted by BGen W. N. Pendleton, Chief of Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia as ordered by General Samuel Cooper. The results of that inspection, listing names of batteries, names of commanders (and other significant officers), battles engaged, losses incurred, current requirements, date and location of initial muster are to be found in OR ser.1 vol.32 (part 3) pages 684 - 709. The best collection of information, confirming the presence at Shiloh of particular artillery is included in Notes of the report attributed to LtCol J. H. Hallonquist (pages 697 - 709) although the earlier pages of the report (684 - 697) also contain details of batteries known to have been at Shiloh. This link works well: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=coo1.ark:/13960/t9g458x7p&view=1up&seq=690 [OR 32 pt3 pp.684 - 709].
  25. 1 point
    Since writing that ECW post, it appears the 47th Tennessee website has uploaded an even better picture of Munson R. Hill. It seems likely he is our man.
  26. 1 point
    Good point there. I found this. I thought I might, as I had seen Ellis' name come up in regards to Cleburne and Forrest. "Ellis, Powhatan, Papers, 1856–1890. 1,592 items. Mss1EL595a. Contains the papers of Powhatan Ellis (1829–1906) of Richmond. Included in the collection is an undated autobiographical sketch by Powhatan Ellis containing a brief outline of his service during the war on the staffs of Lloyd Tilghman, Bushrod Rust Johnson, Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, William Wirt Adams, William Wing Loring, William Thompson Martin, Leonidas Polk, Stephen Dill Lee, Richard Taylor, and Nathan Bedford Forrest (section 55)." Link: https://www.virginiahistory.org/collections-and-resources/how-we-can-help-your-research/researcher-resources/guides-researchers-3--4
  27. 1 point
    Below I have shared the Diary of Samuel K. Cox, a young lieutenant in the 17th Kentucky Infantry, while the regiment was at Pittsburg Landing. Cox and the 17th fought at Fort Donelson, and so, were some of the veteran troops Grant had at Shiloh. He offers key details that are corroborated by other accounts, which helps understand the complex movements of Lauman's brigade on April 6th and 7th, 1862. The combined 17th/25th Kentucky Infantry regiments are the only Kentucky regiments that fought both days for the Union, as the rest were marching with Buell's army. The 17th was from my town, so I have loved diving into what Lt. Cox says he experienced. His Fort Donelson entries are also very interesting and I will post those some day soon! Lauman's brigade was the 3rd Brigade in Hurlbut's division, so they were encamped by the "information shelter" on the Mounds and the parking lot adjacent to that. Their first line was facing west on the edge of Larkin Bell's Cotton Field, and they then moved back to the fence near the house and Peach Orchard, and then just north and east of Bloody Pond where they made a 5 hour stand before falling back toward the siege guns. I really wish there was more on these guys!29 MarchThis is again Sunday. How time flies by. We had Sunday inspection. I received some cigars and tobacco today, sent me from home, and also received a letter from Sister Jennie which I answered immediately.We had new jackets issued today. 5 AprilLast night about 7 o'clock, we heard for the first time the "long roll" and our boys immediately responding to the call and were formed in line in ten minutes. We were then informed that our lines had been attacked some two miles from here, to which point we marched immediately. We did not reach the scene of action as it was only a skirmish and lasted only a few minutes. We then returned to camp and slept one more night in peace. 6 AprilWe have heard today that the enemy intended to attack us at this point. How true the report is we will soon know. We were brushing up for Sunday morning inspection when, to our very great surprise, the cannon and small arms opened not a mile distant and in ten minutes that everlasting long roll was beaten and we gathered our guns and formed in line. In a few minutes we were seen winding our way to the point from whence the music of musketry came.We arrived there in a few moments, and found our forces falling back gradually. Our Brigade, consisting of the 17th Kentucky, 44th Indiana, 31st Indiana regiments were formed in line of battle close to the edge of a field. We had been there but a few moments when the enemy opened a "G" and wounded several. While this was going on, a continual roar of musketry both on our right and left proved the battle was raging at every point. In a few moments, the enemy attacked the 31st and 44th Indiana, which was on our right. We could easily see the fight, it being but a few rods away, but not close enough for us to participate. We had to wait but a short time, however, as they appeared in front of us in the field spoken of above. Our order was not to fire until the command was given, which was obeyed almost to the letter. They had probably gotten halfway across, when General Hurlbut gave the command, "Now, boys, give it to them." Our regiment opened and "Great God!" I never saw men lie down faster when not skirmishing than they did. It seemed to me that the whole line fell. Every man in forty yards of the flag was either killed or wounded. The flag bearer, however, walked coolly across the field waving his color. He excited the admiration of all for bravery and coolness. I suppose he had at least five hundred shots fired at him, but Providence seemed to be on his side as no person touched him. At this point, we had one or two of Company A wounded. One ball struck Captain Morton squarely in the breast, but being a spend ball, it did no damage. We remained at that place some two hours and the Brigade which was fight on our left, from some cause or other, gave way and we had to leave our position which we had so nobly held to hold them in check at that point.Soon arriving on the ground, the enemy made its appearance and a most desperate struggle ensued. For five long, weary hours, did we stand under a terrific fire both from musketry and shell. We advanced inch by inch on the enemy and man a poor soldier "bit the dust" trying to maintain his position. We gained on them gradually until nearly every cartridge in the regiment had been sent on his mission of death, when we were outflanked by ten times our number and compelled to fall back, which was done, thank God, in good order. At this point, a few minutes before our ammunition gave out, our gallant Captain Morton fell, mortally wounded. I was close by his side and took him on my back and started for the landing which was a mile distant. By the time I had arrived, the Regiment had taken a position behind some heavy siege guns, which had been mounted as a last resort to hold Pittsburg Landing. In a very short time, they were belching forth their missiles of death which held the enemy in check until night closed and put a stop to the butchering of human lives.I have no idea of the number killed and wounded but know the loss was heavy on both sides. I was of the opinion that we would never see a harder fight that we had at Donelson, but that was nothing in comparison to this. There has been one continual roar of musketry and big guns ever since the commencement this morning. I will now quit and hope for the best. General Buell's forces are now crossing the river by the thousands so we may expect war times tomorrow morning.7 AprilLast night it rained all night and the men were compelled to lie down on the cold, wet earth while they enemy had possession of our camps and were sleeping comfortably. Our boys, being very tired and hungry, went to sleep, notwithstanding the rain, which was descending in torrents. They lay anxiously awaiting the return of daylight so that they might know the result. At last it came. The rain, however, had held up and directly after day light, General Buell's forces opened the fight. They crossed all night; soon afterwards, General Grant's command went in. The firing was tremendous, I believe equal to yesterday, although the artillery was not so heavy. Our brigade, at least the remainder, was ordered on the right a distance of three miles where we arrived and soon were engaged. We fought at this point until about four o'clock in the afternoon when the enemy gave way, and soon afterwards was in full retreat toward Corinth. Our soldiers sent up cheer after cheer.I firmly believe that General Hurlbut's Division saved the day on yesterday and gained it today. They outflanked the enemy which caused them to retreat in great disorder. Our troops were too much exhausted to follow up their retreat and consequently, did not capture a great many prisoners.After the battle closed, I took a stroll over the field. It was horrible. The men were thick, some wounded and some in the cold arms of death. I could tell from the dead where the battle had raged more fiercely. Federal and Confederate soldiers were lying in the agonies of death.8 AprilWe area again in camp, but how changed the scene! Only two days ago we were in high spirits and confident of getting home soon without any more hard fighting; but alas, we were mistaken and many brave man in that short time has found a grave in the soil of Tennessee. Among the killed is our brave and kind Captain Morton. He died that night at 9:30 PM. It is useless for me to undertake to do him justice for I cannot. My pen is inadequate to the task. He was, however, a brave, cool man, always at his post and more especially when danger was high. He fell while leading his company gallantly on to battle. He was kind to his men and they all loved him and were willing to obey his command. They stood by him like heroes during the day when he fell. They seemed to fight more desperately to avenge his death. I cannot force his words to me when he fell. He put his arm around my neck and said, "Well, Sam, they have killed me at last." I immediately took him on my back and carried him through a perfect shower of cannon balls. I was determined to take him from the field or perish in the attempt, and, had the enemy overtaken me, I was resolved to remain a prisoner with him. But kind Providence seemed to favor me, and I arrived at the Landing where I had his wound dressed and immediately moved him on a steamer which was at the Landing. He talked to me freely on the road and told me what disposition he wanted to make of his property. He also remarked that "Many a better man had fallen that day." I told him that a better man never lived, and I am sure there was never a better man.This regiment has lost its brightest ornament, and one, too, that can never be replaced. His remains started home today in charge of his faithful servant, Horace. He will be buried in the church yard of the village of Hartford, Kentucky, his home. There, he will repose amid the scenes of his early labors and triumphs, away from the busy hum of life far away from the thunder and conflict and not clarion note will ever more disturb his slumbers or call him forth to battle. Peace to his ashes, and may the undying laurel of glory grow green over his grave.
  28. 1 point
    Brent, in addition to the excellent sources that Ozzy provided, here is a very good article on the 47th Tennessee at Shiloh that I came across a while back. It's written by a historian named Sean Michael Chick, who has authored a book on Petersburg: https://emergingcivilwar.com/2016/09/08/the-47th-tennessee-infantry-at-shiloh/ Unfortunately, with one exception, he doesn't list any sources, but he does appear to have done some serious research on the regiment. He also includes a picture of Colonel Hill, adding in the comments that he found it online. I don't know if that means he's uncertain of its authenticity, but he did include the image with the article. He looks like a good source of information about the regiment. The one source that he mentions, in the article itself, is the West Tennessee Whig newspaper. Also, the University of Memphis has a collection of letters from Private John J. Davis of the 47th Tennessee, written to his wife. I was able to download a pdf of the transcribed letters, or perhaps transcribed portions of the letters, I'm not certain. Here's the link to the overview page: http://uldr.memphis.edu/vital/access/manager/Collection/vital:109 And the page where you can download the pdf file: http://uldr.memphis.edu/vital/access/manager/Repository/vital:1890?root=vital%3A109 While checking the Tennessee State Library and Archives for something on the West Tennessee Whig, I also came across a listing for a small book or pamphlet on the 47th Tennessee written by a Brent Cox. Would that be you? Perry
  29. 1 point
    Wheelbarrow... an interesting read. And it puts me in mind of something that emerges from the study of the Battle of Shiloh: so many of the "survivors" of that Battle appear to have been "altered" (but not in the way one would expect). The experience sharpened the drive of many to "do better, and be better." In many cases, the quest for excellence became extraordinary: Ambrose Bierce. Would he have become the outstanding writer, whose works still find popularity today, without his exposure to "the Elephant?" John Wesley Powell. An artillery officer who lost an arm at Shiloh; and after the War, explored the American West more skillfully than could most men with two arms. Seymour Thompson. Honed his perception of right and wrong -- and what was "justice" -- and became a noted judge. Lew Wallace. Questioning and contemplating his own role at Shiloh (and his other war experiences), and how they related to the "Grand Scheme" led him to write Ben Hur. Then, there are the politicians: at least four Shiloh survivors aspired to become President (two succeeded.) But there were countless others who entered politics at lower levels; most -- I would imagine -- wanted to "change things for the better" ...much like Matthew Mark Trumbull. Ozzy
  30. 1 point
    I think with the arrival of Lew Wallace's Division Grant would have been able to hold out for some time againt the Rebs. However, I don't see how anyone could conclude that the events of April 7, 1862, would not have been dramatically different had Buell's troops not factored in...... Lew Wallace's Division was not very impressive on April 7th. Buell's 13,000 available troops on the morning of the 7th made the difference.
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