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  1. 3 points
    Hi. I live in Tempe, Arizona I have been a student of the CW for 30 years. I have eight ancestors who fought for the Federals and a whole lot more for the Confederacy. Shiloh is one of many battles in which I have an interest. I am a member of the Scottsdale, Arizona CWRT, Battlefield Trust, Civil War Talk. I look forward to learning more about Shiloh
  2. 2 points
    Now appearing on the Western Theater in the Civil War website/blog: https://www.westerntheatercivilwar.com/post/the-unlucky-13th-at-shiloh
  3. 2 points
    https://doncarlosnewton.wordpress.com/2020/05/03/we-leave-tomorrow-for-tennessee/amp/ This is a very well done collection of Don Carlos Newton's correspondence. Recently another Newton letter appeared on ebay. https://www.ebay.com/itm/CIVIL-WAR-LETTER-52nd-Illinois-Infantry-Slave-Cook-Whiskey-GREAT-CONTENT/224213491121?_trksid=p2485497.m4902.l9144 Don Carlos Newton to Mary after Shiloh Stark Herrington Legore Prindle.pdf
  4. 2 points
    Southern Bivouac Monthly (1882 – 1887) Much like the Union Veteran's National Tribune, the Southern Bivouac provided a forum for Southern Veterans wanting to air views on battles and leaders. Published by the Southern Historical Association of Louisville, Kentucky from 1882 until 1887 the monthly magazine benefited from the quality of its editors: Wm. N. McDonald, R. W. Knott and Basil Duke. All six volumes are available at HathiTrust at the below link: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002909878 Southern Bivouac Monthly Magazine And for SDG readers, these are some of the most interesting articles: Vol.1 – “General John H. Morgan” (pp.45 – 49; 149 – 151); Island No.10 (pp.55 – 62); Morgan's Men and the Camp Douglas Conspiracy (pp.65 – 67). Vol.2 – “General Joseph Wheeler” (pp.240 – 244); “General Cheatham” (pp.145 – 150); “General N. B. Forrest” (pp.289 – 298; 337 - 345 ); Shiloh by editor (pp. 150 – 162); Shiloh by Basil Duke (pp.201 – 216); “Bagwell vs. Hicks: Two Illinois men meet at Shiloh” (pp.270 – 1.) Vol.3 – “Grant at Shiloh” (pp.305 – 307); “Incident at Shiloh” (pg.418). Vol.4 – “Morgan's Escape” by Thos. Hines (pp.49 – 60); Grant as General (pp.60 – 62). “Liddell's Record of the Civil War – A.S. Johnston vs. President Davis” (pp.411 – 420). Vol.5 – “Grant vs. Lee: a comparison” (pp.279 – 283); A.S. Johnston (pp.320 – 325). Vol.6 – “INDEX” (pp.777 – 1050). N.B. The run of Southern Bivouac ended in 1887 by being sold to Century Magazine. Additional Note: To easily find a subject of interest, select a volume; SEARCH for topic in that volume (i.e. Shiloh, or Morgan, or Bragg); select one of the HITS returned. This will have to be done for each of the six volumes. [Alternatively, an INDEX is included in Volume SIX beginning page 777.]
  5. 2 points
    My name is Kristen Pawlak and I am very glad to now be a part of the Shiloh Discussion Group, especially it being the anniversary of the first day. A native Missourian, I am very interested in the Missouri troops of both sides that fought at Shiloh. I also have several ancestors with the 12th Tennessee and 47th Tennessee Infantry regiments. I am looking forward to meeting many other members of this group! Thanks for having me!
  6. 2 points
    Battlefield America prints a series of these maps. You can get them from www.trailheadgraphics.com. You can usually find them at the bookshop at the Shiloh VC (that's the Visitors' Center for those of us in the know). Don't leave home without one!
  7. 2 points
    Quite amusing. I learned a lot from that animation he was running. Despite my many visits and extensive (and extended) battlefield hikes there, I guess I just didn't understand the geography.
  8. 2 points
    Edward Jonas Tracking this man is difficult because there were two Edward Jonas, both accorded credit as belonging to the 50th Illinois, an Uncle (1817 - 1867) and his nephew, and it is obvious that researchers have combined the experiences of the two; and in some cases credit has been given to the wrong man for accomplishments of the other. The subject of interest is Edward Jonas, the nephew. Edward was born into one of the first Jewish families in Quincy: his father, Abraham is recognized as bringing Freemasonry from his native England to Illinois; and Abraham had many and varied business interests; and Abraham Jonas belonged to a circle of friends that included Senator Orville Browning and the politician Abraham Lincoln. Following the Inauguration of Lincoln as President, Abraham Jonas, with support from Orville Browning was installed as Postmaster of Quincy. And Edward Jonas was appointed as Principal Assistant to the Postmaster (and he was only 17 years old in 1861.) Later that year the 50th Illinois Volunteers began recruiting; and on September 12th the underage Edward got his father's approval and became a Private in Company C. About that same time in September 1861 Brigadier General Benjamin Prentiss was back in Quincy, cooling his heels, under arrest for failing to obey the lawful orders of his superior officer, Brigadier General U.S. Grant. The Court Martial expected by Prentiss failed to eventuate; and General Prentiss was returned to duty in Northern Missouri. And the 50th Illinois was sent to St. Joseph Missouri (in Prentiss' District) and operated between that Missouri River port and Hannibal, on the Mississippi River, from October through December 1861. And it was most likely during this period that Benjamin Prentiss, still short of staff, found a position for Private Edward Jonas as Orderly (some references record “Secretary.”) The 50th Illinois Infantry left Missouri in January and joined General Grant's operation in Kentucky at Smithland. And General Prentiss left Missouri mid-March and joined General Grant's operation on the Tennessee River no later than the First day of April 1862. The next time Private Jonas appears in the historical record is in the Madison Georgia Prison manifest on page 10, his name and Robert Porter's name just below the line entry for Brigadier General Prentiss; so Jonas, Porter and Prentiss were all captured on 6 April 1862. And they all remained confined together until the 7 OCT 1862 release of all the Shiloh Federal officers from Madison Prison, after which Private Jonas likely remained in company with General Prentiss to Illinois, enjoyed a welcome respite with his family at Quincy; and early in 1863 returned to duty (as Second Lieutenant) as Prentiss (promoted to Major General) gained assignment as commander of the District of Eastern Arkansas. The Battle of Helena was fought in July 1863; and soon afterwards General Prentiss resigned from the Army. Suddenly in need of employment, Lieutenant Jonas was initially incorporated on the staff of Major General Stephen Hurlbut. But in 1864 Lieutenant Jonas was taken onto the staff of Major General Grenville Dodge: Edward Jonas is 4th standing man from right. [Above image of Major General Grenville Dodge and his Staff in the Public Domain.] Performing the duties of ADC, Edward Jonas was promoted to Captain, and gained two brevet promotions before the end of the war. After the war, Edward Jonas briefly returned to Quincy. But, his father, Abraham, had passed away in 1864; and most of the Jonas family relocated to Louisiana. Edward soon joined them and settled in New Orleans, where he appears to have become a property developer. Edward Jonas died in New Orleans in 1918. But, for those of us at SDG the revelation with most potential interest was brought to my attention by Author and SDG contributor, Joseph Rose: Edward Jonas wrote a paper titled, “Reminiscence of Battle of Shiloh.” In 1889/ 1890 Mr. Jonas was contacted in New Orleans by Henry M. Cist, a former soldier in the Volunteer Army from Ohio (several different regiments; who rose from Private to Brigadier General) who at the time was corresponding secretary for the Society of the Army of the Cumberland. In response, Edward Jonas provided a 14-page paper (and it appears that document is on file with the Missouri Historical Society.) I will be in contact with them soon – COVID 19 permitting – in order to arrange to get a copy of Edward Jonas' recollection. [There is also indication of an early April 1862 (April1st?) Letter from Private Edward Jonas to his parents in Quincy. ] References: Madison Prison manifest Rosen, Robert N. “Jewish Confederates” ( 2000) Uni. South Carolina Press, page 152. https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r050/050-k-in.html 2/Lt Jonas to Co.K 50th Illinois. Dodge, MGen Grenville, “The Battle of Atlanta and Other Campaigns” (1911) page 137 for above Staff photograph. New York Times of Monday 21 APR 1862 page 8: “Edward Jonas, son of the Postmaster of Quincy was wounded and taken prisoner with Gen. Prentiss.” https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/89149678/edward-jonas Find-a-grave Edward's uncle (1817 - 1867). https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/82425289/edward-l-jonas Find-a-grave Edward Jonas b.1844 mohistory.org Civil War manuscripts. St. Tammany Farmer of 7 JAN 1905 pg.5 col.2 “Judge Bossier is now connected with Mr. E. Jonas of New Orleans, a brother of Mr. Jonas of the firm Farrar, Jonas & Kruttschnitt.”
  9. 2 points
    Andy Welcome to SDG. I grew up in Rock Island County, Illinois and the Civil War statues and street names are everywhere (especially across the river at Davenport.) Rock Island Arsenal was established during the Civil War: one of its first functions was as Prisoner of War Camp for thousands of men captured in the South, beginning 1863. And Abraham Lincoln's footprint is to be found at nearby Galesburg (site of one of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates) and on Rock Island (as a lawyer, Lincoln represented the railroad and bridge company against the steamboat owners that ran into the first bridge across the Mississippi River and destroyed it. It is still believed by many that then-Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, had a hand in destruction of the bridge because he favored a more southern route for the Transcontinental Railroad, crossing the Mississippi River at Memphis.) And of course, Lincoln left his mark on Springfield, only three hours away, and a required pilgrimage for school students, year after year after... Hope you find participation in SDG a worthwhile experience. All the best Ozzy
  10. 2 points
    Wisconsin in the War Stumbled across this video while researching Pensacola in the Civil War... serendipity. Titled “ORNA Wisconsin in the Civil War” it runs for about 10 minutes; and the presenter, Lawrence Winkler, is both knowledgeable and engaging. Beginning at the 6-minute mark and running for a little over two minutes Winkler details the aftermath of the Battle of Shiloh from a Wisconsin perspective (and includes the contribution and tragedy of Governor Harvey.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rP5VyNFj3hs ORNA Wisconsin in the Civil War, Episode Four As indicated, this is Episode 4 of a five episode set. The remaining episodes run about 10 minutes each, but they do not mention Battle of Shiloh. Instead, they provide an excellent background to Midwestern attitudes and outlooks on the American Civil War; the actual fact that the Civil War was TWO conflicts (one that mostly took place in Virginia, and the other one that took place everywhere else); and a solid introduction to military terms, military life, wounds versus disease, treatment of POWs, and addresses “What caused Midwestern soldiers to enlist, and then re-enlist?” [Overall, a great set of videos to direct friends and family to watch, after they pose the question: “Why are you so caught up in the Civil War?” ] https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCy7VpEkuHeIzDEIWSOd-iSQ Lawrence Winkler Home Page on YouTube (for all Five episodes.)
  11. 2 points
    In my dotage I realize that my former log-held belief that I understood the U.S. system was seriously flawed. For example, my local town council recently voted to allow retail sales of marijuana. At the start of the session they all rose and spoke, with hands over hearts, the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States...one nation, under God, indivisible... Two flags were in the room, one the Stars and Stripes, the other the State Flag of Illinois. They faced the former. The latter was not mentioned. Then they proceeded to pass an Ordinance that makes them all parties to a Federal felony (actually, it was a 6-5 vote). Eleven states have joined mine in this succession. We tried this States' Rights thing once before. That time it ended badly. We live in dangerous times, as also had been the case for our predecessors.
  12. 1 point
    After my first post about the 13th Ohio Battery, I came across a few more sources and hence have done a follow up post: More on the Unlucky 13th at Shiloh!
  13. 1 point
    Benjamin Prentiss: Good one. He was a politician but not a major one. John McClernand: John McClernand Henry Wager Halleck: He seems to have owed his position to the support of Winfield Scott. Halleck, while a master of army politics, was not quite so good at getting patrons among the politicians. George B. McClellan: Montgomery Blair Lew Wallace: I think Oliver Morton, although from a different party, took a shine to Wallace. Stephen Hurlbut: Abraham Lincoln, who thought Hurlbut was one of the finest public speakers in the country. John A. Logan: John A. Logan John Fremont: The various radicals in Congress. Albert Sidney Johnston: Jefferson Davis Braxton Bragg: Thomas Bragg, Thomas Overton Moore PGT Beauregard: Jacques Villere, John Slidell, Pierre Soule, although I have not been able to figure out if Soule held it against Beauregard for marrying into the Slidell family. Soule and Beauregard were pretty tight in 1852.
  14. 1 point
    Had to read through the attachment to “The Western Theatre in the Civil War (The Unlucky 13th at Shiloh)” a couple of times to glean the full story. But, if true, it is damning: Captain Myers reported with his battery to Savannah “about the 20th of March” and was told by the Commanding General [on 20 March 1862 this would be Major General Grant] to “take your company on shore at Pittsburg Landing, and go up on the bank and search out ground for [your] camp wherever [you] please, and wait for further orders.” These orders did not come until early April, when it appears Burrow’s 14th Ohio Battery was transferred from Hurlbut to McClernand, and Myer’s 13th Ohio Battery was assigned to BGen Hurlbut. (Hurlbut indicates the 13th Ohio Battery reported to him for duty on Friday 4 April.) [A similar re-assignment resulted in Munch’s Minnesota Battery and Hickenlooper’s 5th Ohio Battery reporting to BGen Prentiss at about the same time…] As regards the performance of the 13th Ohio Battery on the morning of 6 April 1862 there appears to be a combination of bad luck; poorly considered decision as regards battery placement; and inexperience of the officers and men of the 13th Battery. The lack of familiarity with BGen Hurlbut did not help matters. The hit accomplished by Confederate Artillery (believed to be Robertson’s Alabama) which exploded the ammunition chest likely killed and disabled horses and panicked the men. Such a lucky strike, with resultant thunderous roar and shrapnel, would likely have panicked any green unit: the men of the 13th Ohio Battery were unfortunate that THEIR unit was the one so affected. But, the attempt to “pin the blame” on Stephen Hurlbut was misguided: BGen Hurlbut did not direct Myer’s Ohio Battery to Pittsburg Landing without adequate instructions; and BGen Hurlbut was not responsible for the explosion of the ammunition chest. An excellent, thought-provoking article...
  15. 1 point
    Glad you liked it. I think the Chicago Historical Society has some unpublished reports in Smith Bankhead's papers and I recently found the 6th Kentucky (CSA) report at the Filson Club in Edwin Porter Thompson's papers. If I get it transcribed I will upload it here.
  16. 1 point
    Great find on L. D. Sandidge (there are any number of undiscovered gems yet to be revealed in the Southern Historical Society Papers.) What makes Sandidge's report compelling: he was one of a very few men who rode from the extreme left to the extreme right during the Battle of Shiloh; acquiring a better feel for the events of 6 and 7 April 1862 than Beauregard, or even Albert Sidney Johnston. On the Federal side, only Grant and one or two of his staff officers accomplished a similar feat. There's nothing like “being there” to gain an appreciation for the lay of the land.
  17. 1 point
    I am currently piecing April 7 together and it is quite a difficult battle to figure out, particularly on the Confederate side with the units being jumbled together and accounts differing so much.
  18. 1 point
    Thanks, I read over Haydon's article, and offered some important tactical and staff details. Thanks for pointing me to it.
  19. 1 point
    As for shirkers at Shiloh, the two States besmirched: Tennessee and Ohio. Tennessee was pointedly mentioned in a Letter from Mrs. Bragg to General Bragg (and in a subsequent letter, he agreed with her observation.) Tennessee also suffered from “that regiment” that even Breckinridge and Isham Harris could not control... leading to General Johnston trying his hand... leading to the General's death. On the Federal side, Ohio was the one that had to overcome the bad reputation: EVERYONE knew about the 53rd Ohio and their Colonel, who told them to, “Run and save yourselves.” And in front of Brigadier General Hurlbut, Myer's 13th Ohio Light Artillery deserted its six guns immediately after a lucky hit from Rebel Artillery (thought to be Robertson's) exploded their ammunition chest. And there was the 71st Ohio (Rodney Mason), which was supposed to be with Stuart on the far left... but no one could recall seeing them. And of course, Buell's Army of the Ohio received bad press outside of Ohio for arriving at Savannah DAYS later than he should have... [This caused unexpected enmity, because many soldiers from Ohio claimed it was IOWA soldiers who were at the waterfront in their thousands; and that IOWA regiments had been captured at sunrise in Prentiss' Camp.] It is wrong to paint “everyone from there” with the same brush, but it is human nature. [In the case of “Prentiss was captured early in the day,” it took him many months to retrieve his reputation – and the reputations of soldiers captured with him – after the incorrect reports in newspapers circulated... everywhere. And he and 2000 others were stuck in POW camps until OCT/ NOV 1862, without ability to address those charges.] [Also interesting to note: both William T. Sherman and Ulysses S. Grant were originally from Ohio; yet both avoided the "Ohio Tar Brush" that appeared at Shiloh.]
  20. 1 point
    I read it today and thought "everything that is old is new." Outside of his harsh treatment of Lew Wallace, this very much reads like Tim Smith's argument. That adds to my contention that a lot of current scholarship, far from being unbiased, is a more detailed version of the Just Cause narrative of the Civil War. Before anyone chops off my head, Smith's work on Shiloh is first rate and I refer back to it all the time in my work. I also like Sword, Cunningham, and Daniel, and all three of them for different reasons. Hell, even Groom works as an introduction to the battle. Shiloh has been better served by historians and authors than most other battles of the war.
  21. 1 point
    Joyce, Fred. “Two Dogs.” The Southern Bivouac, October, 1883, 72-74. - Places Cobb with Trabue on April 7, likely at Crescent Field in the morning.
  22. 1 point
    The old link appears to be disabled; this is the new link: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/spec-coll/msc/ToMsC950/MsC906/CivilWarCollection.html [Scroll down 1/4 page.] “Sunday, April 6th. It has been a pleasant day so far as weather is concerned but extremely unpleasant on account of the shell, shot, and bullets flying so profusely. The rebels attacked our advance about six o’clock A.M. Our regiment was not called out until about ½ past 7 oclock. We formed in line of battle soon after leaving our camp and met the enemy (who had driven our advance divisions back) about ¾ of a mile from our camp. The battle was tremendious and we were under continual fire till dark. The secesh flanked us and caused us to fall back and finally drove us back nearly to the river, but we checked them by well aimed shots from our gun boats and siege guns on the hill above the landing. Firing closed about dark and we lay on our arms all night in a drenching rain. Buell reinforced us during the night. “Monday, April 7th. Buell took the advance this morning and at early dawn the ball opened again with fresh vigor on our side for our boys were determined to drive them over the ground we lost yesterday. Cheered on by reinforcements the old troops took fresh vigor and by four P.M. they were entirely routed and made a hasty retreat leaving us in possession of the field and many of their cannon. The field is covered all over with killed and wounded. I look over a portion of the field and Oh, the suffering to be seen. I went back to the old camp and am in my own tent once more safe but it looks lonesome for many of our boys are not here and we know not what has become of them. It has been rainy all day and rains very hard tonight." [Above two diary entries found at University of Iowa Libraries. Private Turner Bailey (school teacher before the War) assisted General Prentiss with the rest of the Third Iowa until just before the position collapsed. Some of the Third Iowa (Major Stone and Captain O'Neill, along with perhaps thirty other members) were taken prisoner. Bailey made it to Grant's Last Line.]
  23. 1 point
    Do you have the sources handy? It would explain why Duke is so quiet about April 7.
  24. 1 point
    Hello all, This is my first post here, although I have lurked fore years. I am writing The Maps of Shiloh for Savas Beatie, with Brad Gottfried creating the maps. I have likely read every report in the OR 2-5 times a piece. I was wondering if the supplement has any particularly good information on Shiloh and if the unit information contained is particularly useful. I will regardless check them out, as Tulane University has them, but I wanted to ask here before I dive into them. Thank you all, I hope to be more active on here as the project continues. We are currently half-way through the book's first draft.
  25. 1 point
    Good point there. I found this. I thought I might, as I had seen Ellis' name come up in regards to Cleburne and Forrest. "Ellis, Powhatan, Papers, 1856–1890. 1,592 items. Mss1EL595a. Contains the papers of Powhatan Ellis (1829–1906) of Richmond. Included in the collection is an undated autobiographical sketch by Powhatan Ellis containing a brief outline of his service during the war on the staffs of Lloyd Tilghman, Bushrod Rust Johnson, Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, William Wirt Adams, William Wing Loring, William Thompson Martin, Leonidas Polk, Stephen Dill Lee, Richard Taylor, and Nathan Bedford Forrest (section 55)." Link: https://www.virginiahistory.org/collections-and-resources/how-we-can-help-your-research/researcher-resources/guides-researchers-3--4
  26. 1 point
    One part of the battle I am wondering about is Cleburne's supposed attack at Duncan Field (as found at SNMP Position Marker 427). His report reads as such. (pages 581-582 of the OR) "Finding my advance on the left wing for the present unemployed, I galloped back to my right. About half of the Twenty-third Tennessee and 60 men of the Sixth Mississippi had reformed. With these I advanced directly to my front, through the enemy’s encampment, the enemy having retreated as soon as my left had broken their right. Colonel Patterson, of the Eighth Arkansas, connected his regiment with my remnants of two regiments, and remained fighting with me until about 12 or 1 o’clock. At this time Captain Harper, commanding the remnant of the Sixth Mississippi, marched it to the rear. Its terrible loss in the morning, the want of all its field and most of its company officers, had completely disorganized it and unfitted it for further service. I saw it no more during the battle, but would respectfully refer you to the reports of Col. J. J. Thornton for its after proceedings. Soon after this I ordered the Twenty-third Tennessee to the rear, with directions to reunite with other portions of the regiment which had got separated from it in the repulse of the morning." A few things. 1. It appears Cleburne thought his left regiments (15 AR plus 2, 5, and 24 TN) broke Buckland's brigade. They of course did not. 2. His men fought to the right of 8 AR. 3. Patterson, commander of 8 AR, makes no mention of Cleburne in his report (598-599). He makes no mention of being involved in the Duncan Field fighting until after Wood was thrown from his horse and he had about one hour to reform his command. He then assisted in expelling Sweeney's men from Duncan Field in the afternoon. 4. Sadly, the 23 TN report is nearly worthless. (590) I suspect Cleburne was never at Duncan Field with the 6 MS and 23 TN, but rather was involved in the attack on Mars's brigade. Following that, he ordered his men to the rear.
  27. 1 point
    Grant at Shiloh (2020) While searching for something else, ran across this May 2020 YouTube post of Grant at Shiloh.This is my critique of the 10-minute video: first 2 minutes: too much focus on “reorganizing stragglers at the Landing” 2 – 3 minute mark: good reminder Grant was telling his commanders, “Wallace is coming” 3 – 4 mark: Sherman and Grant teamwork 4 – 5 mark: Lew Wallace got lost... 5 – 6 mark: “trade space (terrain) for time” 5 – 6 mark: “Hold your position at all hazards” Grant tells to everyone [not specifically to Brigadier General Prentiss] 5 – 7 mark: any mention of the Hornet's Nest/ Sunken Road is edited out. Battle of Shiloh progresses from “Sherman's strong stand” to “Confederates fail to exit the Dill Branch Ravine and attack Grant's Last Line” 6 – 7 mark: “Whip 'em tomorrow, though” ...and the Navy contributes; 7 – 8 mark: Union attacks Day Two 8 – 9 mark: Beauregard orders the withdrawal back to Corinth. 9 – 10 mark: Union Victory won, at the cost of massive casualties. Final minute: The lesson of Shiloh. “The war will be longer, harder and involve more casualties than previously imagined.” My criticisms: No mention of Powell, Peabody, Prentiss. No mention of the stand of Hurlbut, Prentiss and WHL Wallace (at whatever name the location goes by this week...) No mention of Lew Wallace's contribution on Day Two. The same, tired “Lew Wallace got lost” dusted off and rolled out. No mention of Grant arriving at the battlefield over three hours after first contact. No mention of “NO defensive works.” No mention of, “DO NOT bring on a general engagement.” No mention of Grant and Buell dividing the battlefield on Day Two... Summary: my ancestors would not recognize this rendition of the Battle of Shiloh: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L6hehVbFYG8 Ozzy
  28. 1 point
    ASJ and Hindman's pivot http://npshistory.com/publications/civil_war_series/22/sec6.htm tenth paragraph down, which begins: “At this point in the battle, Albert Sidney Johnston...” Ozzy post of 28 AUG 2016 (see references to passages in Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston) in Billy 1977 topic, “Bushrod Johnson's Brigade morning of 6 April.”
  29. 1 point
    And in addition to the above records, the Naval Records of the War of the Rebellion (which I abbreviate OR (Navy) vol.22 for Shiloh/ Tennessee River operations) are of value. Online, search for Gwin or Shirk to get most of the significant information (which is to be found mainly between pages 475 (Gwin assigned to the Western Rivers) and 786 (end of Abstract Logbook of USS Lexington.)
  30. 1 point
    Shortly after General Ulysses S. Grant captured Fort Donelson in mid-February 1862, his superior, Henry Halleck, ordered Grant’s main force on an expedition up the Tennessee River under a subordinate, General Charles Smith. Grant was to remain downriver at Fort Henry. He was certainly not, however, “virtually in arrest and without a command,” as claimed in his Personal Memoirs. Such noted biographers as Ron Chernow, Dr. Brooks Simpson, and Bruce Catton have repeated the story of Colonel John Thayer, who supposedly called to see General Grant at this point. A tearful Grant “said mournfully: ‘I don’t know what they mean to do with me…. What command have I now?’” The source of this account came from Hamlin Garland, one in the long line of biographers who have taken Grant’s side on issue after issue, despite clearly contradictory evidence. McClure’s Magazine lauded the “new and valuable material” that Garland found about Grant’s life and stated one reason that they chose Garland to write: “he has always loved and admired Grant.” Garland claimed that his intention was to “keep as closely to original sources as possible,” and he interviewed hundreds of people. Notwithstanding this assurance, he was dismissive of interviewees who were critical of Grant. A different problem existed with the narrative that Thayer provided Garland. The transcript reads: “I never shall forget the expression of sadness on Grant’s face as I called at his headquarters at Fort Henry to say goodbuy[sic] before going up the river. He was compelled to witness the departure of the Army of the Tennessee which he had organized and which was now under the command of General Smith. The army which he had handled so splendidly and so successfully at Henry and Donelson. [Next paragraph] In a couple of weeks, Grant came to see Smith at Crump’s landing. I saw he was in great depression of spirits. He referred to his humiliating position and drew from his pocket a dispatch which he handed to me to read. It was a curt message from Halleck which said: ‘Why don’t you report?’ As I handed the dispatch back, I raised my eyes and saw the tears coursing down his face, as he uttered these sorrowful words: ‘l don’t know what they intend to do with me. I have sent in my reports daily.’ and then he added: ‘But what command have I now?’” Therein lies a huge discrepancy. After having been instructed to remain at Fort Henry on March 4th, Grant had made explanations about his shortcomings to Halleck, who reversed his decision. Two weeks later, Grant was upriver and in command of the expedition. Any meeting with Thayer at Crump’s Landing—where part of Grant’s main force was stationed at this time—could not have Grant bemoaning, “what command have I now?” Thayer’s anecdote can not have happened as he described it to Garland. More dismaying is how Garland did not let this obvious inaccuracy get in the way. His book, Ulysses S. Grant: His Life and Character, twisted Thayer’s text so that Grant was apparently left behind downriver when he complained of having no command: “One of his subordinates called to see him at Fort Henry, and was much moved by the expression of deep sadness on the face of his general. He was in great dejection. The army he had organized and led so splendidly was passing out of his hands. ‘After alluding to his position, the general took from his pocket Halleck’s curt despatch. When his friend looked up from reading it he saw tears on General Grant’s face. He said mournfully: “I don’t know what they mean to do with me.” Then he added with a sad cadence in his voice: ‘What command have I now?’” Catton and Simpson cited Ulysses S. Grant: His Life and Character in this matter and may have been fooled by Garland’s falsehood. Ron Chernow, on the other hand, cited USC’s Hamlin Garland Papers. With the transcript—and a basic knowledge of the chronology between the Battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh—he should have understood the utter implausibility of Thayer’s rendering. So, unless other evidence exists showing otherwise, this episode should be considered mythical.
  31. 1 point
    Thanks for these details! Pieces of the puzzle that start to form a picture. I like the Dodge staff photo. John King joined Ford's Independent Cavalry. Ford was from Ottawa, Il as was WHL Wallace. Thanks gain for the pains taking research. RBN
  32. 1 point
    What's the name of the printed map that contains all the marker locations by number, and where can the map be obtained?
  33. 1 point
    A Potential Game Changer at Shiloh [Above "Southern Bivouac" vol.3 (1884) relates attempted escape of Major Leroy Crockett, 72nd OVI.]
  34. 1 point
    He just needs to visit Shiloh and will discover it was not just a "little" battle...
  35. 1 point
    Private Robert Porter It appears Robert Porter was residing in Quincy when the Civil War erupted... Born in Ireland in 1833, Robert migrated to America about the time of the potato famine; and following the trend of so many migrants ahead of him, he journeyed west. He may have picked up skills as a glazier/ window framer along the way (still to be confirmed) and in the late 1850s he married, had two children; and then war broke out. And Robert Porter was among the first volunteers from Illinois, joining the 10th Illinois in April, under command of Colonel Benjamin Prentiss of Quincy. With the organization at Springfield yet incomplete, but with Southern Illinois under threat, the 10th Illinois was hurried south; Colonel Prentiss and his force replaced militia commander Richard Kellogg Swift; and the 10th Illinois completed organization (and was subsequently joined by more regiments of infantry and artillery) until the Brigade-sized force holding the the strategic confluence of the Ohio with the Mississippi River required a commander; and Benjamin Prentiss was affirmed by vote of the Illinois volunteers of five regiments on 7/ 8 May 1861 for advancement to Brigadier General. And General Prentiss commenced blockade of suspicious cargoes and conducted delicate negotiations with militia forces and politicians representing Neutral Kentucky... until late June, when the soon-to-expire 3 months terms of service of the regiments comprising his brigade demanded immediate attention. Enlisting the help of his friend from the Mexican War, WHL Wallace, in command of the 11th Illinois Volunteers, all of the term-affected regiments were re-mustered on 3-year contracts; and a majority of men belonging to the 3-month regiments signed on to the reorganized regiments [see Life of General WHL Wallace pp. 116 - 118 for description of the reorganization process that took place at Cairo.] Private Porter was one of many who agreed to extend his commitment to serve an additional three years, and he merely transferred from Company E to Company C. In August 1861 BGen Prentiss was assigned to duty in the field in Northern Missouri; and it is likely at this time that Private Porter was detached from service with the 10th Illinois and joined the staff of General Prentiss (Prentiss had been forced to leave most of his close associates behind, such as Colonel Webster, Captain R. B. Hatch, and Lieutenant Brinck.) Requiring new staff officers to replace those left at Cairo, General Prentiss called on Robert Porter, and the recently unemployed Henry Binmore (Senator Stephen Douglas died 3 June 1861) to initiate that new staff family. It is unclear why Robert Porter was specifically selected: had he known Benjamin Prentiss in Quincy? Did he possess special talents required by General Prentiss? Some sources indicate Robert Porter was a Servant to General Prentiss; another indicates he was on Special Service; and yet another suggests he was on Secret Service (which could indicate operations as Scout.) Whatever his role, it appears Porter (who kept his rank as Private) was successful, as he was still employed on the General's staff in April 1862. How and when Private Porter was captured on April 6th is uncertain: Prentiss makes no mention of his performance in his Official Report. But Private Porter was one of a handful of enlisted soldiers held at the Officers' Prison at Madison Georgia; and there is little doubt that Porter continued his duties in service to General Prentiss during their confinement. Upon release in October 1862, it is likely that Private Porter remained in close contact with General Prentiss (there is no indication of ill health) and with both men being residents of Quincy, it would make sense that Porter accompanied General Prentiss there in November 1862; and continued with the General during Prentiss's assignment as Commander of the District of Eastern Arkansas. But, shortly after the resounding success at Battle of Helena, General Prentiss resigned from the Army. And Robert Porter, still technically attached to the 10th Illinois Co.C was able to take “recruiting leave” in order to help organize the Quincy regiment of Black soldiers: Captain Robert Porter organized and commanded Company A of the 29th U.S.C.I. And he served with that unit for the duration of the war. Mustered out of service in Texas in November 1865, Captain Porter returned to his wife and two children in Quincy. He died in 1907. References: https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r050/010-3e-in.html Private Porter recorded in 10th Illinois Co.E https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r050/010-c-in.html Private Porter recorded in reorganized 10th Illinois Co.C http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/turningpoint/harg/cw/pdfs/harg0455-001-001.pdf Private Porter recorded at Madison GA prison (page 10) https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r155/29usc-a-in.html Captain Robert Porter recorded as commander Co.A of 29th U.S.C.I. https://www.hsqac.org/quincy-organized-black-regiment-for-civil-war Brief History of Quincy's 29th U.S.C.I. Regiment
  36. 1 point
    Memoirs of Francis T. Moore, 2nd Illinois Cavalry Serendipity. The result of research by which something truly interesting is uncovered while searching for something else. Such occurred with the subjects of this post, revealed as more neglected members of the team associated with Brigadier General Prentiss. In part because of my recent exchange with Rbn3 the search for information regarding the staff of General Prentiss was done in a different way; a modification or two applied to the search terms. And in consequence a Hit returned that revealed the existence of Francis T. Moore. A carriage maker from Quincy, Moore enlisted as a Private in the Adams County Dragoons in Summer 1861; that unit became Company L of the 2nd Illinois Cavalry. And before Summer was over Private Moore and Company L found themselves in Missouri, operating in vicinity of Pilot Knob and Iron Mountain, and incorporated onto Prentiss's staff as his bodyguard. While performing that duty, Company L was present for “the second seniority dispute” IRT Prentiss vs. BGen Grant. As Francis Moore later wrote: “We were just informed that General Prentiss had been superseded by General Grant; no reason given, but there must be some cause. And it was a shame General Prentiss had to go, because he was well liked by the entire command, and we shall be sorry to lose him.” Revealing what was known at the time of Grant, Moore states: “He was late Colonel of the 21st Illinois. We have had no access to newspapers for days, perhaps weeks; so we have no knowledge of what has taken place and why... General Grant we know little or nothing of. He was an officer in the Mexican War and belongs to the Regular army.” [And the brief affiliation of Company L with General Prentiss came to an end... Interesting that “Captain Grant” and “regular army” were successfully traded as valid currency for Civil War rank and status.] This Memoir was created by Francis T. Moore (who eventually rose to Captain of Company L) after the war, making use of newspaper clippings, Harper's Weekly magazines, and his own daily diary. The Grant versus Prentiss dispute is contained pages 30 – 35 and also features thorough description of the Battle of Belmont. Period sketches created by the author are scattered throughout. And a clear depiction of Civil War cavalry tactics, and how they evolved during the four years is presented. Captain Moore wandered further and further afield from Quincy after the war, and eventually found himself in California. While resident of National City he wrote his Memoirs; and they mostly rested on a shelf, unread, in the Special Collections of University of California at San Diego until noticed by a Librarian. She and her husband had a read, tidied them up, and re-released them in 2011 on amazon.com as “The Story of My Campaign: the Civil War Memoirs of Captain Francis T. Moore, Second Illinois Cavalry.” Cheers Ozzy References: https://www.hsqac.org/quincy-s-memoir-chronicles-civil-war Bio of Francis Moore of Quincy Illinois. https://books.google.com.au/books?id=c628DwAAQBAJ&pg=PT2&lpg=PT2&dq=Memoir+of+francis+t.+moore+2nd+illinois+cavalry&source=bl&ots=9QuxmcYR_6&sig=ACfU3U0kZbRdj2CRpBZFmE4PqiUBiC99_g&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiykI3-2-ToAhXFxzgGHXG6B4IQ6AEwB3oECAsQKA#v=snippet&q=Prentiss&f=false Limited access to "The Memoirs of Captain Francis T. Moore" https://www.amazon.com/Story-My-Campaign-Captain-Illinois/dp/0875804411 Full access to "The Memoirs of Captain Francis Moore" (2011) by Thomas Bahde, with Forward by Michael Fellman. N.B. At the end of the war, Francis Moore revealed that his favorite Generals were Grant and Grierson. [And “Grierson” is the other search term I used to find this Memoir.]
  37. 1 point
    One reason why Pope was selected to command in Virginia was that Lincoln knew him personally and he had never met Grant. Also Pope was a known Republican, whereas Grant's political position was not so well known in the administration.
  38. 1 point
  39. 1 point
    Robert Cobb Kennedy https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Cobb_Kennedy
  40. 1 point
    As mentioned previously, John Fremont (promoted to Major General at start of the Civil War) was in Europe procuring small arms, artillery and cavalry equipment in April 1861 and is responsible for equipping Midwestern regiments – many of which fought at Shiloh – with modern equipment. On return to New York and Washington, Fremont debriefed President Lincoln and then set off for St. Louis, where he enjoyed a good working relationship with Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon (until that man's death at Wilson's Creek in August 1861.) During his tenure as Commander, Department of the West, MGen Fremont constructed the defences that encircled St. Louis; extended the telegraph to the end of all Missouri railroad lines; initiated the Camp of Instruction at Benton Barracks; contracted for “Pook ironclads” and initiated a Corps of Telegraph Operators, and a Corps of Intelligence Collectors known as Jessie Scouts. He also managed to defuse a tense situation that erupted between Brigadier Generals Grant and Prentiss concerning seniority. But John Fremont, initially a Naval contractor and NOT a graduate of West Point was a Regular Army officer until he resigned in 1848 “due to irregularities” regarding his involvement regarding the soon-to-be State of California. During his military service, Army Officer Fremont instituted and promoted the U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers about 1838; and then set off on treks of discovery across the West of America (these treks so caught the American imagination, that the trails blazed by Fremont and followed by settlers of the West earned him the name, “Pathfinder.”) A Corps of Topographical Engineers with interest in Civil War history (and generation of accurate Civil War maps) has recently departed from the internet and “gone dark.” While searching for their new online location, ran across ANOTHER topographical engineers site, with their own magazine: LIDAR. This group appears to have been established in 2010 and consists primarily of retired members of the U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers... (or whatever the Army calls that group of map-makers, spatial engineers and topographical intelligence collectors today.) Their magazines (about six per year) occasionally include Civil War material, such as: https://lidarmag.com/2004/02/29/bookmarks-pathfinder-john-charles-frmont-and-the-course-of-american-empire-by-tom-chaffin-2/ John Fremont. http://lidarmag.com/wp-content/uploads/PDF/LIDARMagazine_Maune-TopographicEngineers_Vol6No3.pdf Explanation of Topographical Engineers. and this is the site for their archives: https://lidarmag.com/archives/ LIDARMagazine N.B. After leaving the Army, John Fremont made a fortune during the California Gold Rush. He invested much of his wealth in the purchase of small arms in Europe in May/ June 1861.
  41. 1 point
    This was excellent and not covered in depth usually. Good Job
  42. 1 point
    Hello Idaho Native, when was the account you posted originally published? Hello Ozzy, yes indeed Sherman engaged in some serious 'CYA' and got away with never really having to answer for his arrogant dismissal of the overwhelming amount of intelligence of an impending attack in the days leading up to April 6th, even going so far as issuing an order to arrest Lieutenant Eagler of the 77th Ohio for his report of seeing the enemy to his front, which was not obeyed. No explanation of why he did not have the men entrench, and something that has always stood out to me, his odd placement of the camp of the 53rd Ohio, all alone with no close support, out in front of the army. Thanks.
  43. 1 point
    Taylor's Battery One of the solid performers at the Battle of Shiloh (where it was known as Barrett's Battery) this Light Artillery unit, organized in Illinois, possesses a more interesting history than most realize. Bjorn Skaptason has gone the extra mile, and in producing this 25-page examination of Taylor's Battery uncovered details and facts not readily available in other Civil War works. Some surprising revelations: connections between Taylor's Battery and the 1st Illinois Light Artillery, Battery A; and Battery B; and Willard's Battery; and Wood's Battery; and the Chicago Light Artillery (milita artillery unit organized in the Windy City that contributed to April 1861 Occupation of Cairo, preserving that vital river port for the Union.) mention of the pedigree of Waterhouse's Battery; reminder that Grant's staff officer, Joseph Webster, had a connection to the Chicago Light Artillery; the pre-war careers of significant members of the Volunteer Artillery. Blooded at Belmont, and acknowledged for performing a crucial role at Fort Donelson on 15 FEB 1862 (Ezra Taylor was one of “Grant's Heroes,” rewarded along with WHL Wallace and Jacob Lauman with a trip to Nashville) the Chicago Light Artillery performed ably at Shiloh, while Major Ezra Taylor acted as Chief of Artillery for Sherman's Fifth Division. The Battle of Shiloh is told from the Union artillery point of view. “The Chicago Light Artillery at Shiloh” by Bjorn Skaptason was published in the Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society No. 1-2 vol. 104 (Spring/ Summer 2011) beginning page 73. The article is available in full via JSTOR (requires ten minutes to register for access to JSTOR holdings.) “Ezra Taylor Battery Civil War” [for JSTOR listing at google.] https://www.jstor.org/stable/41201304?seq=1
  44. 1 point
    The expression "white anting" is new to me but clear from the context. One can check the Wikipedia article for more details. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White_anting
  45. 1 point
  46. 1 point
    This YouTube video of 36 minutes was published on 2 May 2019 by Misesmedia, a publication of Mises Institute at Auburn, Alabama. It relies heavily on the Diary of young Elsie Duncan to describe life for civilians of Hardin County after the Battle of Shiloh, after the Union Army mostly moved south to besiege Corinth, Mississippi. The Horrors of War are fully described, including mass graves, the number of wounded overwhelming available surgeons, “raiders” (roaming bands of Union deserters), “guerrillas” (roaming bands of Southern supporters), avoiding “summary justice,” and the increasing difficulty over time to avoid starvation. In addition, mention is made of Duncan's Cave, and Hoker's Bend. "Life After Shiloh: Tory Rule" is narrated by Chris Calton, and is part of the Historical Controversies series. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qITGlHH0iW8 "Life after Shiloh" [Other titles in the Historical Controversies series at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLALopHfWkFlGOn0oxjgp5gGzj-pnqeY0G ].
  47. 1 point
    Below I have shared the Diary of Samuel K. Cox, a young lieutenant in the 17th Kentucky Infantry, while the regiment was at Pittsburg Landing. Cox and the 17th fought at Fort Donelson, and so, were some of the veteran troops Grant had at Shiloh. He offers key details that are corroborated by other accounts, which helps understand the complex movements of Lauman's brigade on April 6th and 7th, 1862. The combined 17th/25th Kentucky Infantry regiments are the only Kentucky regiments that fought both days for the Union, as the rest were marching with Buell's army. The 17th was from my town, so I have loved diving into what Lt. Cox says he experienced. His Fort Donelson entries are also very interesting and I will post those some day soon! Lauman's brigade was the 3rd Brigade in Hurlbut's division, so they were encamped by the "information shelter" on the Mounds and the parking lot adjacent to that. Their first line was facing west on the edge of Larkin Bell's Cotton Field, and they then moved back to the fence near the house and Peach Orchard, and then just north and east of Bloody Pond where they made a 5 hour stand before falling back toward the siege guns. I really wish there was more on these guys!29 MarchThis is again Sunday. How time flies by. We had Sunday inspection. I received some cigars and tobacco today, sent me from home, and also received a letter from Sister Jennie which I answered immediately.We had new jackets issued today. 5 AprilLast night about 7 o'clock, we heard for the first time the "long roll" and our boys immediately responding to the call and were formed in line in ten minutes. We were then informed that our lines had been attacked some two miles from here, to which point we marched immediately. We did not reach the scene of action as it was only a skirmish and lasted only a few minutes. We then returned to camp and slept one more night in peace. 6 AprilWe have heard today that the enemy intended to attack us at this point. How true the report is we will soon know. We were brushing up for Sunday morning inspection when, to our very great surprise, the cannon and small arms opened not a mile distant and in ten minutes that everlasting long roll was beaten and we gathered our guns and formed in line. In a few minutes we were seen winding our way to the point from whence the music of musketry came.We arrived there in a few moments, and found our forces falling back gradually. Our Brigade, consisting of the 17th Kentucky, 44th Indiana, 31st Indiana regiments were formed in line of battle close to the edge of a field. We had been there but a few moments when the enemy opened a "G" and wounded several. While this was going on, a continual roar of musketry both on our right and left proved the battle was raging at every point. In a few moments, the enemy attacked the 31st and 44th Indiana, which was on our right. We could easily see the fight, it being but a few rods away, but not close enough for us to participate. We had to wait but a short time, however, as they appeared in front of us in the field spoken of above. Our order was not to fire until the command was given, which was obeyed almost to the letter. They had probably gotten halfway across, when General Hurlbut gave the command, "Now, boys, give it to them." Our regiment opened and "Great God!" I never saw men lie down faster when not skirmishing than they did. It seemed to me that the whole line fell. Every man in forty yards of the flag was either killed or wounded. The flag bearer, however, walked coolly across the field waving his color. He excited the admiration of all for bravery and coolness. I suppose he had at least five hundred shots fired at him, but Providence seemed to be on his side as no person touched him. At this point, we had one or two of Company A wounded. One ball struck Captain Morton squarely in the breast, but being a spend ball, it did no damage. We remained at that place some two hours and the Brigade which was fight on our left, from some cause or other, gave way and we had to leave our position which we had so nobly held to hold them in check at that point.Soon arriving on the ground, the enemy made its appearance and a most desperate struggle ensued. For five long, weary hours, did we stand under a terrific fire both from musketry and shell. We advanced inch by inch on the enemy and man a poor soldier "bit the dust" trying to maintain his position. We gained on them gradually until nearly every cartridge in the regiment had been sent on his mission of death, when we were outflanked by ten times our number and compelled to fall back, which was done, thank God, in good order. At this point, a few minutes before our ammunition gave out, our gallant Captain Morton fell, mortally wounded. I was close by his side and took him on my back and started for the landing which was a mile distant. By the time I had arrived, the Regiment had taken a position behind some heavy siege guns, which had been mounted as a last resort to hold Pittsburg Landing. In a very short time, they were belching forth their missiles of death which held the enemy in check until night closed and put a stop to the butchering of human lives.I have no idea of the number killed and wounded but know the loss was heavy on both sides. I was of the opinion that we would never see a harder fight that we had at Donelson, but that was nothing in comparison to this. There has been one continual roar of musketry and big guns ever since the commencement this morning. I will now quit and hope for the best. General Buell's forces are now crossing the river by the thousands so we may expect war times tomorrow morning.7 AprilLast night it rained all night and the men were compelled to lie down on the cold, wet earth while they enemy had possession of our camps and were sleeping comfortably. Our boys, being very tired and hungry, went to sleep, notwithstanding the rain, which was descending in torrents. They lay anxiously awaiting the return of daylight so that they might know the result. At last it came. The rain, however, had held up and directly after day light, General Buell's forces opened the fight. They crossed all night; soon afterwards, General Grant's command went in. The firing was tremendous, I believe equal to yesterday, although the artillery was not so heavy. Our brigade, at least the remainder, was ordered on the right a distance of three miles where we arrived and soon were engaged. We fought at this point until about four o'clock in the afternoon when the enemy gave way, and soon afterwards was in full retreat toward Corinth. Our soldiers sent up cheer after cheer.I firmly believe that General Hurlbut's Division saved the day on yesterday and gained it today. They outflanked the enemy which caused them to retreat in great disorder. Our troops were too much exhausted to follow up their retreat and consequently, did not capture a great many prisoners.After the battle closed, I took a stroll over the field. It was horrible. The men were thick, some wounded and some in the cold arms of death. I could tell from the dead where the battle had raged more fiercely. Federal and Confederate soldiers were lying in the agonies of death.8 AprilWe area again in camp, but how changed the scene! Only two days ago we were in high spirits and confident of getting home soon without any more hard fighting; but alas, we were mistaken and many brave man in that short time has found a grave in the soil of Tennessee. Among the killed is our brave and kind Captain Morton. He died that night at 9:30 PM. It is useless for me to undertake to do him justice for I cannot. My pen is inadequate to the task. He was, however, a brave, cool man, always at his post and more especially when danger was high. He fell while leading his company gallantly on to battle. He was kind to his men and they all loved him and were willing to obey his command. They stood by him like heroes during the day when he fell. They seemed to fight more desperately to avenge his death. I cannot force his words to me when he fell. He put his arm around my neck and said, "Well, Sam, they have killed me at last." I immediately took him on my back and carried him through a perfect shower of cannon balls. I was determined to take him from the field or perish in the attempt, and, had the enemy overtaken me, I was resolved to remain a prisoner with him. But kind Providence seemed to favor me, and I arrived at the Landing where I had his wound dressed and immediately moved him on a steamer which was at the Landing. He talked to me freely on the road and told me what disposition he wanted to make of his property. He also remarked that "Many a better man had fallen that day." I told him that a better man never lived, and I am sure there was never a better man.This regiment has lost its brightest ornament, and one, too, that can never be replaced. His remains started home today in charge of his faithful servant, Horace. He will be buried in the church yard of the village of Hartford, Kentucky, his home. There, he will repose amid the scenes of his early labors and triumphs, away from the busy hum of life far away from the thunder and conflict and not clarion note will ever more disturb his slumbers or call him forth to battle. Peace to his ashes, and may the undying laurel of glory grow green over his grave.
  48. 1 point
    Brent, in addition to the excellent sources that Ozzy provided, here is a very good article on the 47th Tennessee at Shiloh that I came across a while back. It's written by a historian named Sean Michael Chick, who has authored a book on Petersburg: https://emergingcivilwar.com/2016/09/08/the-47th-tennessee-infantry-at-shiloh/ Unfortunately, with one exception, he doesn't list any sources, but he does appear to have done some serious research on the regiment. He also includes a picture of Colonel Hill, adding in the comments that he found it online. I don't know if that means he's uncertain of its authenticity, but he did include the image with the article. He looks like a good source of information about the regiment. The one source that he mentions, in the article itself, is the West Tennessee Whig newspaper. Also, the University of Memphis has a collection of letters from Private John J. Davis of the 47th Tennessee, written to his wife. I was able to download a pdf of the transcribed letters, or perhaps transcribed portions of the letters, I'm not certain. Here's the link to the overview page: http://uldr.memphis.edu/vital/access/manager/Collection/vital:109 And the page where you can download the pdf file: http://uldr.memphis.edu/vital/access/manager/Repository/vital:1890?root=vital%3A109 While checking the Tennessee State Library and Archives for something on the West Tennessee Whig, I also came across a listing for a small book or pamphlet on the 47th Tennessee written by a Brent Cox. Would that be you? Perry
  49. 1 point
    Wheelbarrow... an interesting read. And it puts me in mind of something that emerges from the study of the Battle of Shiloh: so many of the "survivors" of that Battle appear to have been "altered" (but not in the way one would expect). The experience sharpened the drive of many to "do better, and be better." In many cases, the quest for excellence became extraordinary: Ambrose Bierce. Would he have become the outstanding writer, whose works still find popularity today, without his exposure to "the Elephant?" John Wesley Powell. An artillery officer who lost an arm at Shiloh; and after the War, explored the American West more skillfully than could most men with two arms. Seymour Thompson. Honed his perception of right and wrong -- and what was "justice" -- and became a noted judge. Lew Wallace. Questioning and contemplating his own role at Shiloh (and his other war experiences), and how they related to the "Grand Scheme" led him to write Ben Hur. Then, there are the politicians: at least four Shiloh survivors aspired to become President (two succeeded.) But there were countless others who entered politics at lower levels; most -- I would imagine -- wanted to "change things for the better" ...much like Matthew Mark Trumbull. Ozzy
  50. 1 point
    Have you ever stopped to reflect on how many major cities were captured during 1862? There was Nashville, in February; New Orleans in April; Memphis in June. All three conquests came about due to significant input from U.S. Grant's and/or Henry Halleck's operations: Nashville (followed on the Surrender of Fort Donelson); New Orleans (operation against that largest Southern city given the 'green light' after the evacuation of Fort Columbus was confirmed); Memphis (culmination of Halleck's mission to open the Upper Mississippi River; and Confederate forces 'tied up' at Corinth during the Siege could not prevent the fall of New Orleans... or Memphis.) Of course, the capture/occupation of each of those three cities was without controversy. Oh, wait... Ozzy
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