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  1. 3 points
    Hi. I live in Tempe, Arizona I have been a student of the CW for 30 years. I have eight ancestors who fought for the Federals and a whole lot more for the Confederacy. Shiloh is one of many battles in which I have an interest. I am a member of the Scottsdale, Arizona CWRT, Battlefield Trust, Civil War Talk. I look forward to learning more about Shiloh
  2. 2 points
    Southern Bivouac Monthly (1882 – 1887) Much like the Union Veteran's National Tribune, the Southern Bivouac provided a forum for Southern Veterans wanting to air views on battles and leaders. Published by the Southern Historical Association of Louisville, Kentucky from 1882 until 1887 the monthly magazine benefited from the quality of its editors: Wm. N. McDonald, R. W. Knott and Basil Duke. All six volumes are available at HathiTrust at the below link: https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002909878 Southern Bivouac Monthly Magazine And for SDG readers, these are some of the most interesting articles: Vol.1 – “General John H. Morgan” (pp.45 – 49; 149 – 151); Island No.10 (pp.55 – 62); Morgan's Men and the Camp Douglas Conspiracy (pp.65 – 67). Vol.2 – “General Joseph Wheeler” (pp.240 – 244); “General Cheatham” (pp.145 – 150); “General N. B. Forrest” (pp.289 – 298; 337 - 345 ); Shiloh by editor (pp. 150 – 162); Shiloh by Basil Duke (pp.201 – 216); “Bagwell vs. Hicks: Two Illinois men meet at Shiloh” (pp.270 – 1.) Vol.3 – “Grant at Shiloh” (pp.305 – 307); “Incident at Shiloh” (pg.418). Vol.4 – “Morgan's Escape” by Thos. Hines (pp.49 – 60); Grant as General (pp.60 – 62). “Liddell's Record of the Civil War – A.S. Johnston vs. President Davis” (pp.411 – 420). Vol.5 – “Grant vs. Lee: a comparison” (pp.279 – 283); A.S. Johnston (pp.320 – 325). Vol.6 – “INDEX” (pp.777 – 1050). N.B. The run of Southern Bivouac ended in 1887 by being sold to Century Magazine. Additional Note: To easily find a subject of interest, select a volume; SEARCH for topic in that volume (i.e. Shiloh, or Morgan, or Bragg); select one of the HITS returned. This will have to be done for each of the six volumes. [Alternatively, an INDEX is included in Volume SIX beginning page 777.]
  3. 2 points
    My name is Kristen Pawlak and I am very glad to now be a part of the Shiloh Discussion Group, especially it being the anniversary of the first day. A native Missourian, I am very interested in the Missouri troops of both sides that fought at Shiloh. I also have several ancestors with the 12th Tennessee and 47th Tennessee Infantry regiments. I am looking forward to meeting many other members of this group! Thanks for having me!
  4. 2 points
    Battlefield America prints a series of these maps. You can get them from www.trailheadgraphics.com. You can usually find them at the bookshop at the Shiloh VC (that's the Visitors' Center for those of us in the know). Don't leave home without one!
  5. 2 points
    Quite amusing. I learned a lot from that animation he was running. Despite my many visits and extensive (and extended) battlefield hikes there, I guess I just didn't understand the geography.
  6. 2 points
    Edward Jonas Tracking this man is difficult because there were two Edward Jonas, both accorded credit as belonging to the 50th Illinois, an Uncle (1817 - 1867) and his nephew, and it is obvious that researchers have combined the experiences of the two; and in some cases credit has been given to the wrong man for accomplishments of the other. The subject of interest is Edward Jonas, the nephew. Edward was born into one of the first Jewish families in Quincy: his father, Abraham is recognized as bringing Freemasonry from his native England to Illinois; and Abraham had many and varied business interests; and Abraham Jonas belonged to a circle of friends that included Senator Orville Browning and the politician Abraham Lincoln. Following the Inauguration of Lincoln as President, Abraham Jonas, with support from Orville Browning was installed as Postmaster of Quincy. And Edward Jonas was appointed as Principal Assistant to the Postmaster (and he was only 17 years old in 1861.) Later that year the 50th Illinois Volunteers began recruiting; and on September 12th the underage Edward got his father's approval and became a Private in Company C. About that same time in September 1861 Brigadier General Benjamin Prentiss was back in Quincy, cooling his heels, under arrest for failing to obey the lawful orders of his superior officer, Brigadier General U.S. Grant. The Court Martial expected by Prentiss failed to eventuate; and General Prentiss was returned to duty in Northern Missouri. And the 50th Illinois was sent to St. Joseph Missouri (in Prentiss' District) and operated between that Missouri River port and Hannibal, on the Mississippi River, from October through December 1861. And it was most likely during this period that Benjamin Prentiss, still short of staff, found a position for Private Edward Jonas as Orderly (some references record “Secretary.”) The 50th Illinois Infantry left Missouri in January and joined General Grant's operation in Kentucky at Smithland. And General Prentiss left Missouri mid-March and joined General Grant's operation on the Tennessee River no later than the First day of April 1862. The next time Private Jonas appears in the historical record is in the Madison Georgia Prison manifest on page 10, his name and Robert Porter's name just below the line entry for Brigadier General Prentiss; so Jonas, Porter and Prentiss were all captured on 6 April 1862. And they all remained confined together until the 7 OCT 1862 release of all the Shiloh Federal officers from Madison Prison, after which Private Jonas likely remained in company with General Prentiss to Illinois, enjoyed a welcome respite with his family at Quincy; and early in 1863 returned to duty (as Second Lieutenant) as Prentiss (promoted to Major General) gained assignment as commander of the District of Eastern Arkansas. The Battle of Helena was fought in July 1863; and soon afterwards General Prentiss resigned from the Army. Suddenly in need of employment, Lieutenant Jonas was initially incorporated on the staff of Major General Stephen Hurlbut. But in 1864 Lieutenant Jonas was taken onto the staff of Major General Grenville Dodge: Edward Jonas is 4th standing man from right. [Above image of Major General Grenville Dodge and his Staff in the Public Domain.] Performing the duties of ADC, Edward Jonas was promoted to Captain, and gained two brevet promotions before the end of the war. After the war, Edward Jonas briefly returned to Quincy. But, his father, Abraham, had passed away in 1864; and most of the Jonas family relocated to Louisiana. Edward soon joined them and settled in New Orleans, where he appears to have become a property developer. Edward Jonas died in New Orleans in 1918. But, for those of us at SDG the revelation with most potential interest was brought to my attention by Author and SDG contributor, Joseph Rose: Edward Jonas wrote a paper titled, “Reminiscence of Battle of Shiloh.” In 1889/ 1890 Mr. Jonas was contacted in New Orleans by Henry M. Cist, a former soldier in the Volunteer Army from Ohio (several different regiments; who rose from Private to Brigadier General) who at the time was corresponding secretary for the Society of the Army of the Cumberland. In response, Edward Jonas provided a 14-page paper (and it appears that document is on file with the Missouri Historical Society.) I will be in contact with them soon – COVID 19 permitting – in order to arrange to get a copy of Edward Jonas' recollection. [There is also indication of an early April 1862 (April1st?) Letter from Private Edward Jonas to his parents in Quincy. ] References: Madison Prison manifest Rosen, Robert N. “Jewish Confederates” ( 2000) Uni. South Carolina Press, page 152. https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r050/050-k-in.html 2/Lt Jonas to Co.K 50th Illinois. Dodge, MGen Grenville, “The Battle of Atlanta and Other Campaigns” (1911) page 137 for above Staff photograph. New York Times of Monday 21 APR 1862 page 8: “Edward Jonas, son of the Postmaster of Quincy was wounded and taken prisoner with Gen. Prentiss.” https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/89149678/edward-jonas Find-a-grave Edward's uncle (1817 - 1867). https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/82425289/edward-l-jonas Find-a-grave Edward Jonas b.1844 mohistory.org Civil War manuscripts. St. Tammany Farmer of 7 JAN 1905 pg.5 col.2 “Judge Bossier is now connected with Mr. E. Jonas of New Orleans, a brother of Mr. Jonas of the firm Farrar, Jonas & Kruttschnitt.”
  7. 2 points
    Andy Welcome to SDG. I grew up in Rock Island County, Illinois and the Civil War statues and street names are everywhere (especially across the river at Davenport.) Rock Island Arsenal was established during the Civil War: one of its first functions was as Prisoner of War Camp for thousands of men captured in the South, beginning 1863. And Abraham Lincoln's footprint is to be found at nearby Galesburg (site of one of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates) and on Rock Island (as a lawyer, Lincoln represented the railroad and bridge company against the steamboat owners that ran into the first bridge across the Mississippi River and destroyed it. It is still believed by many that then-Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis, had a hand in destruction of the bridge because he favored a more southern route for the Transcontinental Railroad, crossing the Mississippi River at Memphis.) And of course, Lincoln left his mark on Springfield, only three hours away, and a required pilgrimage for school students, year after year after... Hope you find participation in SDG a worthwhile experience. All the best Ozzy
  8. 2 points
    Wisconsin in the War Stumbled across this video while researching Pensacola in the Civil War... serendipity. Titled “ORNA Wisconsin in the Civil War” it runs for about 10 minutes; and the presenter, Lawrence Winkler, is both knowledgeable and engaging. Beginning at the 6-minute mark and running for a little over two minutes Winkler details the aftermath of the Battle of Shiloh from a Wisconsin perspective (and includes the contribution and tragedy of Governor Harvey.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rP5VyNFj3hs ORNA Wisconsin in the Civil War, Episode Four As indicated, this is Episode 4 of a five episode set. The remaining episodes run about 10 minutes each, but they do not mention Battle of Shiloh. Instead, they provide an excellent background to Midwestern attitudes and outlooks on the American Civil War; the actual fact that the Civil War was TWO conflicts (one that mostly took place in Virginia, and the other one that took place everywhere else); and a solid introduction to military terms, military life, wounds versus disease, treatment of POWs, and addresses “What caused Midwestern soldiers to enlist, and then re-enlist?” [Overall, a great set of videos to direct friends and family to watch, after they pose the question: “Why are you so caught up in the Civil War?” ] https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCy7VpEkuHeIzDEIWSOd-iSQ Lawrence Winkler Home Page on YouTube (for all Five episodes.)
  9. 2 points
    In my dotage I realize that my former log-held belief that I understood the U.S. system was seriously flawed. For example, my local town council recently voted to allow retail sales of marijuana. At the start of the session they all rose and spoke, with hands over hearts, the Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag of the United States...one nation, under God, indivisible... Two flags were in the room, one the Stars and Stripes, the other the State Flag of Illinois. They faced the former. The latter was not mentioned. Then they proceeded to pass an Ordinance that makes them all parties to a Federal felony (actually, it was a 6-5 vote). Eleven states have joined mine in this succession. We tried this States' Rights thing once before. That time it ended badly. We live in dangerous times, as also had been the case for our predecessors.
  10. 2 points
    as to #3..the stream in question at stoney lonesome..is a wet weather water-run from the springs north of stage rd and s\does continue south..older people that live along the stage road in this area retell of the large,deep cold swimming holes that they as kids played in..so there is a water feature in this area..also Purdy is more northwest of adamsb\ville than the map shows.
  11. 2 points
    From the Washington Post: http://www.washingto...36b8_story.html By Tony Horwitz, It’s often said that journalists write the first rough draft of history. But rarely do reporters draft history in quite so rough a fashion as Junius Browne and Albert Richardson did in the Civil War. (PublicAffairs) - ‘Junius and Albert's Adventures in the Confederacy: A Civil War Odyssey’ by Peter Carlson The two Northern correspondents narrowly escaped death in an artillery bombardment, only to be captured by Confederates. For 593 excruciating days, they skirmished with lice in Southern prisons as the real war raged on without them. Then, after a jailbreak and a harrowing trek through enemy territory, the reporters filed the story of a lifetime: their own. Peter Carlson narrates this tale of journalistic derring-do in “Junius and Albert’s Adventures in the Confederacy.” This title, which echoes the 1989 slacker film “Bill & Ted’s Excellent Adventure,” undersells the gravity of the reporters’ experience. But it’s also appropriate, because Carlson’s book unspools like a buddy flick: Two larkish fellows embark on a trip that goes desperately wrong and often veers into farce. At the start of the Civil War, Browne and Richardson belonged to the self-styled “Bohemian Brigade,” a journalistic troupe of insouciant thrill-seekers who gallivanted along the front. Like other reporters of that era, they made no pretense to objectivity and freely expressed the staunch abolitionism of their employer, the New York Tribune. Nor did they let the facts get in the way of a good story. At one point, to avoid being scooped by a competitor, Browne and a colleague composed “long, vivid, eyewitness accounts of a battle that occurred 200 miles beyond their eyesight,” Carlson writes. Their fabrications ran at length in the Tribune, a stunt that made the writers legendary among the Bohemian Brigade. But these cavalier “knights of the quill,” as Browne called them, also risked their lives to cover combat. In May 1863, Browne and Richardson tried to sneak past rebel cannon at Vicksburg aboard a Union barge filled with hay. An incoming shell burned and killed half the soldiers on board. The survivors were fished out of the Mississippi and jailed. It was customary at the time to quickly release or swap captured journalists. But Browne and Richardson wrote for the paper most hated in the South; the Confederate in charge of prisoner exchanges called them “the worst and most obnoxious of all non-combatants.” Also, soon after their capture, the warring parties suspended prisoner exchanges. So the men were shuttled among jails, including Richmond’s notorious Castle Thunder, before ending up at North Carolina’s Salisbury Prison, a mini-Andersonville where men perished in droves from exposure, disease and shootings by guards. Carlson’s story has so many twists, right up to the last page, that I won’t spoil it by telling more. But the exquisite plot is only one of the joys of reading this book. As a veteran journalist (including 22 years at The Washington Post), Carlson captures the competitive yet collegial world of reporters in the field and their tortured relationship with distant editors. He also has an ear for quotes and an eye for detail, and shares with the Bohemian Brigade a keen sense of the ridiculous. Though the Northern reporters were hated Yanks, they were also curiosities. So Southerners flocked to visit the inmates — and to declare their willingness to “die in the last ditch” for the Cause. This line was repeated so often, Carlson writes, that it became a running gag for the reporters: “Where is this ditch? How deep is it? They’re going to need a very big ditch to hold all these Rebels who keep promising to die in it.” He also quotes the absurd reports in Southern papers, including this one on Gettysburg: “The Confederates were repulsed but cannot, at present, with justice or candor, be said to have suffered defeat.” Carlson excels as well at drawing characters, particularly the odd couple at the heart of his book. Browne, the well-schooled son of a banker, was a bookish scribe who filled his florid dispatches with Classical allusions. Richardson, a rugged farm boy, was plainspoken and ingratiated himself with all he met. Yet the two became inseparable and sustained each other through hardships and despair that neither could endure alone. “The North for us is like the grave,” Richardson wrote, after letters stopped reaching inmates, “no voice ever comes back to us from it.” If there’s a flaw in this fine book, it’s that Carlson tells his story almost too well. He’s shorn away anything that might interrupt the flow of his taut, lively narrative. This makes for a rollicking read, but at times I wanted more context and reflection — on the telegraph, for instance, a technology that transformed the news business in the mid-19th century as dramatically as the Internet has changed the media in our own time. Also, while Carlson details his deep research in the book’s endnotes, his text doesn’t address whether Browne and Richardson were reliable sources in the telling of their own story. Given the flagrant bias and outright fictions that Carlson documents in the dispatches of the Bohemian Brigade, I doubted some of the witty repartee and incredible adventures that Browne and Richardson recalled, much of it in books they wrote after returning home. But even if the two men embellished, their ordeal has resonance far beyond its drama and drollery. The reporters were forced into close, extended contact with captured Northerners and Southerners of every stripe — deserters, slaves, brutish guards, mountain guerrillas — and they experienced the behind-the-lines horror of the conflict. As a result, they witnessed, and later exposed, a theater of the war that was barely known to their colleagues at the front or to the Northern public. This remains an aspect of the Civil War that is little known to most Americans. The journalists’ experiences of both battle and captivity also speak to the enduring challenge of war reporting. Upon seeing combat for the first time, Browne wrote, “No one here seems to have any knowledge of anything, the leading officers having little more information than the privates.” As Carlson acutely notes, Browne’s one-line observation “sums up the ‘fog of war’ so well that it could be included in nearly every battle dispatch in every war ever fought.” Tony Horwitz is the author of “Confederates in the Attic” and “Midnight Rising: John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War.” Jim
  12. 1 point
    Here are a few gems I found. “Colonel Hicks–Captain Bagwell.” The Southern Bivouac, January 1884, 270-271. - A rare Union centered article. Hicks comes across as an action hero. Duke, Basil. “The Battle of Shiloh.” The Southern Bivouac, December 1883, 150-162. - This is part 1 of Duke's retelling. He has Johnston predicting a battle not at Pittsburg Landing but Shiloh Church itself during Johnston's brief stay at Mufreesboro. Of course Johnston said this to Bowen and both men were conveniently dead. Harcourt, A.P. “Terry’s Texas Rangers.” The Southern Bivouac, November 1882, 89-97. - This one is pretty good for Fallen Timbers. “How One Man ‘Stuck Togedder’” The Southern Bivouac, November 1884, 130-131. - This explains why the 31st Alabama (49th) was in Trabue's second line when they advanced into Crescent Field on April 6, and possibly why Trabue hardly mentioned them in his report. Johnson, E. Polk. “Jefferson Davis at Home.” The Southern Bivouac, August, 1886, 137-148. - Davis in his final years, still getting emotional over Johnston. Joyce, Fred. “Two Dogs.” The Southern Bivouac, October, 1883, 72-74. - Story of a dog killed at Shiloh. Hard to place but I would say Crescent Field, morning of April 7. More importantly, it places Cobb with Trabue on April 7. Joyce, Fred. UNTITLED The Southern Bivouac, March 1883, 318. - I forgot so look it up. Rogers, J.M. “The Honors of Shiloh.” The Southern Bivouac, August, February 1886, 574. - One of those Buell > Grant pieces. Steele, S.W. “Incidents at Shiloh.” The Southern Bivouac, May 1885, 418-419. - Not sure I believe this one but it is fun. It is about Bragg on April 5 and 6. Weller, J.H. “The Fourth Kentucky.” The Southern Bivouac, May and June, 1883, 346a-354a. - Pretty good recounting of the regiment's first actions at Shiloh. “Wild Bill.” The Southern Bivouac, March 1883, 316-317. - Funny anecdote. Witherspoon, A.J. UNTITLED The Southern Bivouac, March 1885, 326-327. - Anecdote of Gladden's initial attack on Prentiss
  13. 1 point
    The old link appears to be disabled; this is the new link: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/spec-coll/msc/ToMsC950/MsC906/CivilWarCollection.html [Scroll down 1/4 page.] “Sunday, April 6th. It has been a pleasant day so far as weather is concerned but extremely unpleasant on account of the shell, shot, and bullets flying so profusely. The rebels attacked our advance about six o’clock A.M. Our regiment was not called out until about ½ past 7 oclock. We formed in line of battle soon after leaving our camp and met the enemy (who had driven our advance divisions back) about ¾ of a mile from our camp. The battle was tremendious and we were under continual fire till dark. The secesh flanked us and caused us to fall back and finally drove us back nearly to the river, but we checked them by well aimed shots from our gun boats and siege guns on the hill above the landing. Firing closed about dark and we lay on our arms all night in a drenching rain. Buell reinforced us during the night. “Monday, April 7th. Buell took the advance this morning and at early dawn the ball opened again with fresh vigor on our side for our boys were determined to drive them over the ground we lost yesterday. Cheered on by reinforcements the old troops took fresh vigor and by four P.M. they were entirely routed and made a hasty retreat leaving us in possession of the field and many of their cannon. The field is covered all over with killed and wounded. I look over a portion of the field and Oh, the suffering to be seen. I went back to the old camp and am in my own tent once more safe but it looks lonesome for many of our boys are not here and we know not what has become of them. It has been rainy all day and rains very hard tonight." [Above two diary entries found at University of Iowa Libraries. Private Turner Bailey (school teacher before the War) assisted General Prentiss with the rest of the Third Iowa until just before the position collapsed. Some of the Third Iowa (Major Stone and Captain O'Neill, along with perhaps thirty other members) were taken prisoner. Bailey made it to Grant's Last Line.]
  14. 1 point
    Good point there. I found this. I thought I might, as I had seen Ellis' name come up in regards to Cleburne and Forrest. "Ellis, Powhatan, Papers, 1856–1890. 1,592 items. Mss1EL595a. Contains the papers of Powhatan Ellis (1829–1906) of Richmond. Included in the collection is an undated autobiographical sketch by Powhatan Ellis containing a brief outline of his service during the war on the staffs of Lloyd Tilghman, Bushrod Rust Johnson, Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, William Wirt Adams, William Wing Loring, William Thompson Martin, Leonidas Polk, Stephen Dill Lee, Richard Taylor, and Nathan Bedford Forrest (section 55)." Link: https://www.virginiahistory.org/collections-and-resources/how-we-can-help-your-research/researcher-resources/guides-researchers-3--4
  15. 1 point
    Thanks for these details! Pieces of the puzzle that start to form a picture. I like the Dodge staff photo. John King joined Ford's Independent Cavalry. Ford was from Ottawa, Il as was WHL Wallace. Thanks gain for the pains taking research. RBN
  16. 1 point
    What's the name of the printed map that contains all the marker locations by number, and where can the map be obtained?
  17. 1 point
    A Potential Game Changer at Shiloh [Above "Southern Bivouac" vol.3 (1884) relates attempted escape of Major Leroy Crockett, 72nd OVI.]
  18. 1 point
    Part of the relevance of the above list of battles: each engagement would be memorialized on the Regiment flag. But, there was a problem with the Regimental flag of the 72nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry, best explained in the below link: https://dan-masters-civil-war.blogspot.com/2017/06/this-afternoon-i-had-opportunity-to.html Dan Master's 72nd OVI site. And for information on the National Colors of the 72nd OVI: http://www.users.miamioh.edu/vascikgs/georgevascik/72ndOVI.html
  19. 1 point
    He just needs to visit Shiloh and will discover it was not just a "little" battle...
  20. 1 point
    I am pleased to join the group and am hoping to learn a bit about this battle. My own interest in the Civil War dates back to when I was a young kid growing up at the James A. Garfield home in Mentor, Ohio. We lived on the property and I spent many hours in the Garfield home and museum. Among the things in the collection that fascinated me was Garfield's sword and sidearm. I'm not sure if these were with him at Shiloh though.
  21. 1 point
    As anyone who has made the attempt knows, it is difficult to find a comprehensive story of Edward O. C. Ord's involvement, and contribution, to the Civil War. And details concerning Brigadier General Ord's first engagement, at Dranesville, Virginia, in December 1861, are especially difficult to unearth. The story of Dranesville is important to us at SDG because, although EOC Ord was not present at Battle of Shiloh, the loss of so many Union Generals (WHL Wallace, died from wound; B. M. Prentiss, captured; John P. Cook, forced to take sick leave; C.F. Smith, succumbed to infection of leg, injured in boat mishap) forced Henry Halleck to call for senior officers in the east to come West; and one of these was Major General Ord (who gained promotion to MGen due to the record of his performance at Battle of Dranesville.) MGen Ord arrived at Pittsburg Landing in June 1862 to replace the seriously unwell Thomas A. Davies as commander of the Second Division, Army of West Tennessee, but was soon installed as commander, Post of Corinth on 22 June 1862, replacing General George Thomas. Emerging Civil War has created a short video discussing the Battle of Dranesville with historian Ryan Quint, who intends to write a history of Ord and Dranesville over the next few years: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBBoIscEpt4 Emerging Civil War "Battle of Dranesville" by Ryan Quint, interviewed by Dan Welch.
  22. 1 point
    Interesting. John F. Reynolds, George Meade, and Ord were all brigade commanders in the Pennsylvania Reserves in the fall of 1861 -- quite a bit of talent there. Two future army commanders, and the third probably should have been. I know Meade was ticked that Ord was promoted after Dranesville.
  23. 1 point
    To be honest, I am more familiar with the John Pope of Second Bull Run than the John Pope of Island No. 10. In that instance, Pope was put in a very difficult position. Of course, he did not necessarily help himself very much either. What if Grant had been called east in July 1862 instead of Pope? I am not convinced he would have been a whole lot more successful than Pope was. In any event, it was a good thing for the North that it was Pope who was called east. If it had been Grant I'm not sure there would have been a Vicksburg.
  24. 1 point
    Private Robert Porter It appears Robert Porter was residing in Quincy when the Civil War erupted... Born in Ireland in 1833, Robert migrated to America about the time of the potato famine; and following the trend of so many migrants ahead of him, he journeyed west. He may have picked up skills as a glazier/ window framer along the way (still to be confirmed) and in the late 1850s he married, had two children; and then war broke out. And Robert Porter was among the first volunteers from Illinois, joining the 10th Illinois in April, under command of Colonel Benjamin Prentiss of Quincy. With the organization at Springfield yet incomplete, but with Southern Illinois under threat, the 10th Illinois was hurried south; Colonel Prentiss and his force replaced militia commander Richard Kellogg Swift; and the 10th Illinois completed organization (and was subsequently joined by more regiments of infantry and artillery) until the Brigade-sized force holding the the strategic confluence of the Ohio with the Mississippi River required a commander; and Benjamin Prentiss was affirmed by vote of the Illinois volunteers of five regiments on 7/ 8 May 1861 for advancement to Brigadier General. And General Prentiss commenced blockade of suspicious cargoes and conducted delicate negotiations with militia forces and politicians representing Neutral Kentucky... until late June, when the soon-to-expire 3 months terms of service of the regiments comprising his brigade demanded immediate attention. Enlisting the help of his friend from the Mexican War, WHL Wallace, in command of the 11th Illinois Volunteers, all of the term-affected regiments were re-mustered on 3-year contracts; and a majority of men belonging to the 3-month regiments signed on to the reorganized regiments [see Life of General WHL Wallace pp. 116 - 118 for description of the reorganization process that took place at Cairo.] Private Porter was one of many who agreed to extend his commitment to serve an additional three years, and he merely transferred from Company E to Company C. In August 1861 BGen Prentiss was assigned to duty in the field in Northern Missouri; and it is likely at this time that Private Porter was detached from service with the 10th Illinois and joined the staff of General Prentiss (Prentiss had been forced to leave most of his close associates behind, such as Colonel Webster, Captain R. B. Hatch, and Lieutenant Brinck.) Requiring new staff officers to replace those left at Cairo, General Prentiss called on Robert Porter, and the recently unemployed Henry Binmore (Senator Stephen Douglas died 3 June 1861) to initiate that new staff family. It is unclear why Robert Porter was specifically selected: had he known Benjamin Prentiss in Quincy? Did he possess special talents required by General Prentiss? Some sources indicate Robert Porter was a Servant to General Prentiss; another indicates he was on Special Service; and yet another suggests he was on Secret Service (which could indicate operations as Scout.) Whatever his role, it appears Porter (who kept his rank as Private) was successful, as he was still employed on the General's staff in April 1862. How and when Private Porter was captured on April 6th is uncertain: Prentiss makes no mention of his performance in his Official Report. But Private Porter was one of a handful of enlisted soldiers held at the Officers' Prison at Madison Georgia; and there is little doubt that Porter continued his duties in service to General Prentiss during their confinement. Upon release in October 1862, it is likely that Private Porter remained in close contact with General Prentiss (there is no indication of ill health) and with both men being residents of Quincy, it would make sense that Porter accompanied General Prentiss there in November 1862; and continued with the General during Prentiss's assignment as Commander of the District of Eastern Arkansas. But, shortly after the resounding success at Battle of Helena, General Prentiss resigned from the Army. And Robert Porter, still technically attached to the 10th Illinois Co.C was able to take “recruiting leave” in order to help organize the Quincy regiment of Black soldiers: Captain Robert Porter organized and commanded Company A of the 29th U.S.C.I. And he served with that unit for the duration of the war. Mustered out of service in Texas in November 1865, Captain Porter returned to his wife and two children in Quincy. He died in 1907. References: https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r050/010-3e-in.html Private Porter recorded in 10th Illinois Co.E https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r050/010-c-in.html Private Porter recorded in reorganized 10th Illinois Co.C http://dlg.galileo.usg.edu/turningpoint/harg/cw/pdfs/harg0455-001-001.pdf Private Porter recorded at Madison GA prison (page 10) https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/r155/29usc-a-in.html Captain Robert Porter recorded as commander Co.A of 29th U.S.C.I. https://www.hsqac.org/quincy-organized-black-regiment-for-civil-war Brief History of Quincy's 29th U.S.C.I. Regiment
  25. 1 point
    Rbn3 A couple of points: Benjamin Grierson after initial service with BGen Prentiss as VADC disappeared from the spotlight and reappeared in June 1862 as a Cavalry Officer assigned to BGen Isaac Quinby at Columbus Kentucky. Sent to Memphis after Colonel Slack assumed control of that captured Southern city, Colonel Grierson and his 6th Illinois Cavalry were put to use by Major General Lew Wallace on a reconnaissance mission south of Memphis (which helped disprove Halleck's theory that “the Rebel Army is disintegrating before our eyes; we can concentrate on rebuilding railroads.”) With Lew Wallace gone, Colonel Grierson reported to MGen U.S. Grant... about the same time that Confederate raids against the Memphis & Charleston R.R. began to be aggressively and effectively conducted. And this encounter with Grant (and Grierson's report of accurate intelligence) began the beneficial association of the two men. And I agree, the Madison Georgia Prison document is invaluable. It records precise times of arrival of the many Federal prisoners; indicates names, ranks (at time of incarceration) and unit attachment; and acts to verify some stories (Dr. Gregg going to Washington to report on the state of affairs, and afterwards returning to prison voluntarily to report to his commander, Benjamin Prentiss; and in order to share the President's message of Hope with as many inmates as possible.) Without the Madison GA prison manifest, the ability to verify claims that “Private Porter and Private Jonas were on the Staff of BGen Prentiss at Shiloh” would have been extremely difficult. As regards the recent investigation of the Picket Skirmish of Friday 4 April 1862, the Madison GA manifest verifies that the three Federal officers involved (and subsequently recorded as “missing” ) were indeed captured, and not killed. Major Leroy Crockett is recorded page 12; 2/Lt W. Herbert is to be found page 13; and 1/Lt J.J. Geer is recorded on page 16. [And this confirms Geer's later claim that “he was held in the same prison as General Prentiss.” ] A consuming fixation by Confederate authorities with East Tennessee insurrectionists is to be found throughout the document: hundreds of names of political prisoners taken into custody and held in Georgia are recorded, beginning Page one. And the release date of General Prentiss and the other surviving Shiloh officers is confirmed as 7 October 1862 (page 32, is also marked as Release Page No.13). [This 7 OCT 1862 date is important because it confirms that enlisted soldiers were released from captivity a day or two later, and that Federal officers proceeded in advance (and boarded a separate steamer at Aiken's Landing, the New York) while enlisted Paroled soldiers followed after, and boarded a different transport, the steamer John A. Warner.] This use of separate transports north from Aiken's Landing to Annapolis (where officers disembarked, and were hurried on by rail to Washington for debrief, and receipt of thirty days furlough) inadvertently kept the Paroled officers unaware that their enlisted comrades were disembarked at the old Naval Academy wharf and subsequently held in confinement in the Annapolis Parole Camp. And this helps explain why the story of Captain John Stibbs, 12th Iowa Co.D is so poignant. Cheers Ozzy References: SDG topic "See You in Memphis" SDG topic "The Friday 4 April 1862 Picket Skirmish" A Perfect Picture of Hell by Genoways & Genoways (2001) pp.123 - 125 Story of John and Joe Stibbs.
  26. 1 point
    The following is not directly related to the above fascinating topic, but it may be close enough for government work, as it involves POW's, Shiloh and its aftermath.. John King was born in Randolph MA in 1816, graduated from Harvard in 1839, then studied law in the Boston office of the immortal Rufus Choate. He was a lawyer in Elgin, Illinois by the mid 1850's. In 1861, well into his 40's, he attempted to raise a 90 day independent Cavalry Unit in Geneva, Illinois. He was progressing well and had obtained 0.69 cal percussion cap muskets after communicating with General R.K. Smith in Chicago. A rival Elgin attorney, E. Joslyn , with a mob comprised of members of the Elgin Continentals (drilled by the immortal Ellsworth) stole by force the muskets from the jury room at the Kane County Court House in Geneva. Members of both groups were injured. The "collision" was noticed locally but quickly all but forgotten. When John King left Geneva he had three young children named John Reginal, Lincoln, and Geneva. John King was mustered into William Ford’s Independent Cavalry Company at Ottawa as a 2nd Lieutenant on 2 January 1862.[1] This Company was attached to the 53rd Illinois Volunteer Infantry and assigned to District of Columbia, KY, south of Louisville. Before that King had seen action with Fremont's Body Guard in Missouri. By the time of the Battle of Shiloh Ford's Cavalry had been incorporated into the 15th Il Cav as Company L. This company became Halleck's escort and the company arrived at Shiloh with Halleck after the battle. After Halleck's departure for Washington, Company L became Grant's escort for a time. Captains King[2] and Elgin's Addison Keyes were part of a complicated campaign that began on 21 April 1863. The plan called for Col. Abel Streight and General Granville Dodge to move from central Tennessee into northwestern Alabama. Capt. King’s Cavalry company was with Col. Streight and Capt. Keye’s H Company of the 127th Illinois was with Gen. Dodge. Ford’s unit had been assigned to 15th Illinois Cavalry as Company "L" on December 25, 1862. During 1862 Ford’s company had acted as General Halleck’s escort from St. Louis, Missouri, to Shiloh, Tennessee after the Battle there, and then to Corinth, Mississippi. It was then assigned as an escort to Gen. Grant. Private Painter was detailed as courier and perform this duty well until captured. Private Uriah Painter was “joined in” to Ford’s Company via the same path as Lt. King. Painter’s biography includes the fact that he was captured in a skirmish at Bear Creek, Alabama, and was taken to several southern prisons and finally transferred to Libby prison. Being a strong healthy man when he was captured he weighed only 80 pounds when exchanged and passed through the lines at city point. He immediately joined his company and was in every battle in skirmish with them until he was captured again in 1864.[3] The engagement at Bear Creek, Alabama, involved Roddey’s Regiment, CSA, of Nathan Bedford Forrest’s Cavalry and elements of Granville Dodge’s force, USA, 23 April 1863 near Tuscumbia, AL. This action occurred before Streight’s force was detached to make a raid on Rome, Ga. Dodge’s force was to screen Streight’s raiding force and then make a diversionary attack on Tuscumbia, Alabama. Then Streight would be detached to take nearly 2,000 troopers across northern Alabama and into Georgia with Rome the object. At the same time a Union force about the same size as Streight’s was to raid deep into Mississippi. Col. Benjamin Grierson with two Illinois calvary regiments and one from Iowa was to penetrate down the middle of Mississippi tearing up RR’s and and wrecking communications. Grierson, who had been kicked in the head by a horse as a child and disliked the beasts, was spectacularly successful. He arrived in Union occupied Baton Rouge on 2 May 1863 having suffered a total of 24 casualties.[4] Grierson became nearly as revered in the north as Nathan Bedford Forrest was in the south. Many moving parts existed in the Western Theatre as Grant maneuvered to take Vicksburg in the spring and early summer of 1863. In short, Grant “invented” the amphibious assault and blitzkrieg. Facing a numerically superior but divided Confederate force, Grant defeated it in two strokes. He floated his empty transports past the Vicksburg batteries and gathered them below that citadel. He crossed his army at Bruinsburg, abandoned his supply lines, and rapidly advanced on Jackson, Missisippi. There he defeated Confederate forces under General Joe Johnston. Then he turned back west moving on Vicksburg, tearing up the railroad from Jackson behind him as he went. Vicksburg fell on 4 July 1863. Lincoln sighed, “Thank God,” and declared “The Father of Waters again goes unvexed to the sea.” Cut in half, the Confederacy was doomed, though the war brutally continued until 9 April 1865 at Appomattox. Captain King was captured sometime in 1863, probably when Streight surrendered. He and Streight ended up in Libby Prison. Streight took French leave from Libby via the famous tunnel, was hidden for a time by family friends in Richmond until the coast was clear and then walked to Union lines. Whether King took the tunnel also is not known but he did not escape Libby and was transferred to Andersonville in Nov. 1864. He arrived via steamer from Wilmington, N.C at Camp Parole in Annapolis in March 1865 per the NY Times. John King ended up in Boone, Boone County Iowa, where he was the mayor in 1878 and was a long time Justice of the Peace. His nemesis, Ed Joslyn, was at Shiloh and emerged unscathed. He left the service shortly thereafter. His son's wrote a 2 Vol History of Kane County. I have not been successful is identifying much more that a few clues to John King, such as his muster record and pension card, plus other census odds and ends. Ed Joslyn's brother was the editor of the Elgin Gazette at the time of the "War at Home". The Geneva newspaper of the time, The Kane County Advertiser, contained a spirited editorial and report of a meeting of outraged Genevans, but only two unrelated issues of that paper are known to exist. [1] Military, Illinois., Naval Dept, J.N. Reece, and I.H. Elliott. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. Phillips Bros., state printers, 1901. p518. https://books.google.com/books?id=sAQTAAAAYAAJ [2] A record of King’s promotion to Captain has not been found. He was “out of sight and mind” as a POW for much of the War. [3] History of LaSalle County, Vol I, p639. [4] Laliki, Tom. Grierson's Raid: A Daring Cavalry Strike Through the Heart of the Confederacy. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 2004.
  27. 1 point
    Andy Valid points. As Captain John Pope, that officer rode in company with President-elect Lincoln aboard the Inauguration Train from Springfield. John Pope was afterwards installed as Senior Brigadier General from Illinois. And later, John Pope was acknowledged as The Successful Commander at the extremely difficult venture, Island No.10 (which involved coordination with Navy ironclads, Steiner's balloon, special raider operations, marching across thirty miles of swampland, cutting a 9-mile canal for steamboats through that swampland... And then, Major General Pope was accorded credit for "causing the Rebel Army to dissolve before his very eyes" on account of his pursuit of Beauregard's Army 35 miles south of Corinth in June 1862. Despite the fact Pope's (and Halleck's) reports of Unbelievable Success at and after Corinth were inflated, and thus, unbelievable... The co-Commanders-in-Chief of the Union Army (President Lincoln and Secretary of War Stanton) were willing to believe any tales of Success... and especially after McClellan's Peninsula Campaign came to nothing in early July 1862. Right place, at the right time, for Pope AND Halleck. Reference: OR 10 pp.236 - 278 make for shocking reading, as Pope and Halleck justify their determination to halt pursuit south of Corinth and concentrate instead on rebuilding the South's damaged railroads.
  28. 1 point
    One reason why Pope was selected to command in Virginia was that Lincoln knew him personally and he had never met Grant. Also Pope was a known Republican, whereas Grant's political position was not so well known in the administration.
  29. 1 point
  30. 1 point
    Hello Idaho Native, when was the account you posted originally published? Hello Ozzy, yes indeed Sherman engaged in some serious 'CYA' and got away with never really having to answer for his arrogant dismissal of the overwhelming amount of intelligence of an impending attack in the days leading up to April 6th, even going so far as issuing an order to arrest Lieutenant Eagler of the 77th Ohio for his report of seeing the enemy to his front, which was not obeyed. No explanation of why he did not have the men entrench, and something that has always stood out to me, his odd placement of the camp of the 53rd Ohio, all alone with no close support, out in front of the army. Thanks.
  31. 1 point
    Just made available in 2019 is the following podcast (with transcript) detailing the Civil War career of Charles F. Smith: https://www.wvtf.org/post/general-charles-f-smith#stream/0 provided by Radio IQ - wvtf (Virginia Public Radio) [And for those with an interest in any of the other subjects of the Civil War Series compiled by Virginia Public Radio through the work of Dr. James Robertson, Jr. you may access those recordings: https://www.wvtf.org/category/civil-war-series#stream/0 ].
  32. 1 point
    Tennessee River Valley in April 1862. The above map of the Tennessee River appeared in the 12 April 1862 edition of Harper's Weekly, before word of the Battle of Shiloh reached the New York editor of that illustrated publication. The map is interesting for what is included: Paducah and Smithland at the far north, with Cairo, Bird's Point, Columbus, Belmont and Island No.10 away to the west. Proceeding south up the Tennessee River, Fort Henry, the crossing of the MC & L R.R. at Danville, and the sites of Savannah, Hamburg and Florence are indicated. Not marked: the line of the Mobile & Ohio R.R. north of Corinth; Cerro Gordo (site of capture of CSS Eastport); Pittsburg Landing; Crump's Landing. Although brief report of the Battle of Pittsburg Landing would find its way into the April 19th edition, the map would not be updated until the 26 April edition.
  33. 1 point
    I found my reference regarding date of rank. The ranking officers, with dates of rank, are Winfield Scott Major General Regulars 25 June 1861 George B McClellan Major General Regulars 14 May 1861 John C Fremont Major General Regulars 14 May 1861 Nathaniel P Banks Major General Volunteers 16 May 1861 John A Dix Major General Volunteers 16 May 1861 Benjamin F Butler Major General Volunteers 16 May 1861 That's an impressive list of officers and shows great perspicacity on the part of the Administration in their selection.
  34. 1 point
    Brexit to take effect on 31 JAN 2020 Three and a half years ago the British People voted in a referendum to leave the organization known as the European Union. The reasons that led to that binding poll included 1) corrupt over-production of Euros by some member States of the EU; 2) flood into the Euro-zone of "Syrian refugees" (who were not from Syria), all of whom seemed intent upon gaining sanctuary in the UK (with their passage north through the Euro-zone facilitated by EU States); 3) the growing distaste in the UK for Laws enacted by the European Parliament which were contrary to established British Laws (even judged superior to 1000 years of English Common Law.) These EU laws appeared arbitrary and spiteful to the British people; 4) the UK was deemed a "financial power" within the EU and was obligated by Acts of the European Parliament to contribute an ever larger share of the management cost of the European Union. Along the way to Brexit, there were three changes of National Leader in the UK (with one leader, Theresa May, intent on overturning the will of the People and negating the results of the Brexit vote. She was replaced through UK parliamentary procedure by Boris Johnson, who promised to abide by the original Brexit vote.) Late in 2019 Boris Johnson was forced to call an early National Election, which was effectively a Second Referendum on Brexit. The British voters returned the Boris Johnson Government to power with an increased majority, fully displaying support for the Exit of Great Britain from the European Union... and that Exit (known as Brexit) takes place at the end of January. Many Civil War researchers and Historians ask: "Could the Southern States have enacted a bloodless Secession?" The example of Brexit demonstrates that such a secession is possible (was possible), but consider: the TIME required to make the exit effective (3 1/2 years) required extraordinary patience; the UK did not threaten violence if their attempt to secede from the EU failed; the European Union has no United Army of Europe. Member States have their own defense forces (at the present time; there is an intention by the EU to establish a United Army of Europe, likely based on the NATO model.) Without a United Army of Europe, the EU could not "coerce" the UK to remain within the organization; Nations across the globe (USA, Canada, India, Australia) look forward to the opportunities presented by a "seceded" Britain, particularly new trade deals. SDG members have "lived through" a bloodless secession. Was it possible for the Secession attempted in 1860/ 61 to have been accomplished without resorting to War? Reference: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zQKotbNVTyE "England waves GOODBYE to European Union"
  35. 1 point
    One thing about electronic resources: existing references are subject to change without notice... The "Shiloh Animated Map" by American Battlefield Trust was upgraded middle of 2019 (although it just gained my notice, by accident, today.) After two views of the 18-minute presentation, I am impressed with the improvements incorporated; and I feel that the 2019 edition more accurately depicts the Battle of Shiloh than previously. Have a look, yourself; and feel free to comment: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tlhlk3bp-f4
  36. 1 point
    I am working on a Shiloh project and always go back to the original sources for guidance to start. I was reading in Battles and Leaders, General Buell's Shiloh Reviewed article written in 1884. He slammed Grant and Sherman for re-writing history, their maps, and anyone else who formed an opinion on what Buell called misleading anecdotes and folly. It was very interesting and explains a little more the confusion, the side ways opinions of both Officers and men who fought at Shiloh. One soldier made the statement that if you got two Shiloh Veterans together they could never agree on anything associated with that Battle, and they were there! Professor Tim Smith and other Historians of note tell of the mystique of Shiloh. I say it is a good story from start to finish with a lot of twists and turns. It was victory the Western Confederates needed. That the approach of General Sherman to Richmond-Petersburg in 1865, began in the West. A march that included Shiloh as a Union Victory. Has anyone else read an old book on Shiloh and sees the same, "what ifs"-- and "maybe's" we get all the Shiloh mystique from?
  37. 1 point
    I had an interest in such a question on Grant years ago. I was researching US Grant and the Battle of Belmont, MO. fought on November 7th, 1861. I have not been able to get a definitive answer, but at one point, post WW 1, that the Staff at West Point tried to put together basically, a class or study on what makes a great and successful General. What traits are shared, what attributes, what brain power, what cognitive gift do they have and can it be taught to others. I do not think it went anywhere, but the attempt to try and understand US Grant as a Commander was done. What I saw in Grant was how he would listen to others. Get their views on a subject, attack, retreat, move and how to move-- then take a break, come back, and using all he heard give a succinct order that all had part in. Another was ability to write an order that was to the point and easy to understand. That he would rise at dawn, work all day, writing orders etc., then in the evening eat something and sit around the campfire and listen to jokes and bantering, he loved it. His War Secretary was asked what made Grant successful. His answer, "success?, we followed Grant because he was successful." He just did it---
  38. 1 point
    I watched the Prentiss walk on You-Tube-- It was awesome, but there is an addition... At Fraley? Field and the first contact between the 3rd Miss Batt. and the 25th Missouri-- Professor Tim stated he believed the troops were armed with smoothbores... No they were not... Research shows the 25th MO. were issued Model 1842 rifles, .69 cal. firing big minies with long range rear sites and the Confederates some had rifles and even Sharps Rifles-- a very accurate and devastating weapon. The casualties were minimal-- not because of the use of smoothbores, but the darkness and distance between the contestants. At distances of 300 yards or more-- a soldier would have trouble sighting in and hitting a target-- especially when bullets are flying your way. The 16th Wisconsin were armed with the Class A Dresden Suhl Rifle, the 12th Michigan with .54 caliber Austrian rifles, and the 21st MO, Model 1842 rifled muskets, .69 caliber --all of them in Peabody's Brigade. The 23rd and 21st wore short jackets and bummers, the 18th Wisconsin in the State 5 button blouse and bummers some in black hats, and the 12th, I am still working on as to uniforms-- Tom
  39. 1 point
    Belfoured Thanks for your continued interest in Pfaender and Peebles and Munch's Battery. I have attempted to find primary sources that confirm your claims, but without success. There is indeed “a mystery” concerning WHO commanded the section of howitzers during the Chickasaw Bluff recon (Pfaender claims he did; but there is an almost complete lack of a roster of participants in that expedition conducted by Sherman; and without knowing full details (i.e. did other officers of the battery go along; was anyone sick and left behind at Pittsburg Landing), all that can be made are assumptions.) These are the best references I have run across with significant mention of the 1st Minnesota Light Artillery and its key players: “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (1890 – 93) [contains details not in 2005.] “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (2005) [contains info not in 1890 version.] OR 10 parts 1 and 2 OR 52 part 1 Minnesota Historical Society http://www.mnopedia.org/group/first-battery-minnesota-light-artillery http://libguides.mnhs.org/firstartillery 1st Minnesota Battery resources The Battle of Shiloh: the Union Armies (2019) by Lanny K. Smith Shiloh Discussion Group [a number of topics and posts on the SDG site, easily found by searching for “Minnesota” or “Munch” or “Pfaender” via Search Box at top of Home Page.] http://www2.mnhs.org/library/findaids/civwar04.pdf Report of the Shiloh Monument Commission William Pfaender http://www.mnopedia.org/person/pfaender-wilhelm-1826-1905 William Pfaender and New Ulm http://collections.mnhs.org/MNHistoryMagazine/articles/30/v30i01p024-035.pdf Brother of Mine: the Civil War Letters of Thomas and William Christie (2011). Cheers Ozzy
  40. 1 point
    Ran across an excellent collection of letters, on file with the Minnesota Historical Society, and all forty available online: The Civil War Letters of Thomas Christie. Born in Ireland in 1843, Tom Christie settled in Wisconsin with his family. And shortly after the start of the Civil War, Thomas and his brother, William, enlisted in Munch's 1st Minnesota Battery of Light Artillery (which operated two 12-pounder Howitzers and four 6-pounder brass rifled guns.) The letters begin in December 1861, and continue until May 1865; they are letters from Thomas, written to his Father, his sister and another brother. And the letters are sent from Fort Snelling; Benton Barracks; Corinth; Vicksburg; on the march to Atlanta; Savannah, Georgia; Goldsboro; and New York City. (Unfortunately, there are no letters from Pittsburg Landing.) A letter written to his Father, and dated October 18th, 1862, I found especially interesting: Thomas describes his actions as Gunner Number One, during the October 3-4 Battle of Corinth. (All the letters are available in the original cursive hand-writing; or a transcript can be selected, for easier reading.) http://www.mnhs.org/library/christie/corinth.php Cheers Ozzy
  41. 1 point
    The above review of “Junius and Albert's Adventure” is pretty good... as far as it goes. Unfortunately, no one bothered to actually read the book (which was gifted to me a few days ago by my daughter, who found it in a bookshop in Castlemaine, Victoria.) Pages 25 – 41 detail Junius Browne and Albert Richardson reporting in the West, beginning in General Fremont's Missouri during Autumn of 1861. And the first revelation of significance to readers at SDG: the two reporters were present during the Fort Henry operation (Browne accompanied the marching infantry belonging to McClernand, while Richardson found a large tree, climbed high into its branches, and observed the fort vs. ironclads gunnery duel.) Afterwards, Albert Richardson returned to Cairo to send off his story; Junius Browne (despite injury due to accidental powder keg explosion) accompanied Grant's Army to Fort Donelson, and continued to report from the field, detailing actions of soldiers, and incidental meetings with local people and their views on the war. After the surrender of Buckner, Browne interviewed Confederate prisoners, and then returned to Cairo to send away his story (which was published over two PAGES in the New York Tribune of February 22, 1862.) Neither Browne nor Richardson was present for the Battle of Shiloh: Browne heard of an operation taking place in Arkansas, and hurried south to observe the action, but had only reached southern Missouri when the Battle of Pea Ridge took place. Not allowing lack of facts to get in the way of a good story, Junius Browne collected enough rumors concerning the battle, and “borrowed” information from rival reporter Thomas Knox, and in cooperation with Richard Colburn concocted a story of how “Siegel saved the Day at Pea Ridge” (and beat rival reporters to publish the full page report on Pea Ridge, first.) Afterwards, learning that “the next big event” was to take place at Island No.10 Browne rejoined Richardson and gained passage aboard a steamer bound for that Mississippi River confrontation... and both men missed the Battle of Shiloh. However, as mentioned in SDG post “Drawings” of 27 MAR 2018 Henri Villard met Richardson at Cairo on April 10 (Villard had travelled with Buell's Army of the Ohio, and observed much of Day Two firsthand.) After learning details from Henri Villard, Albert Richardson journeyed south, met with members of General Grant's staff, and was able to concoct a report on the Battle of Shiloh, which was submitted to the New York Tribune in late April. Browne and Richardson are next recorded aboard USS Benton on the Mississippi River, observing the Battle of Memphis of 6 June 1862...
  42. 1 point
    The 33rd Alabama Infantry arrived at Corinth too late to take part in the Battle of Shiloh, but the regiment was present during the April/ May 1862 Siege of Corinth (Hawthorn's 5th Brigade of Hardee's Corps.) With companies arriving at Pensacola Florida in March 1862, the 33rd Alabama was organized by April 1st 1862 and assigned “defense” of Fort McRee (a coastal fortification across the pass from Union-held Fort Pickens, Rebel-held Fort McRee had been reduced to rubble during the November 1861 gunnery duel.) However, it was determined that several of the guns under the collapsed fort were worth salvaging, so when the decision was made by Major General Bragg to evacuate Pensacola and move his Army north to Corinth, the 33rd Alabama was responsible for removing the guns at Fort McRee and accompanying them to Mobile (where they were loaded aboard a train and sent to another stronghold, most likely Vicksburg or Fort Pillow.) The 33rd Alabama afterwards served at Stone's River, and was noted for action at Nashville in 1864. The regiment also had the misfortune of being involved in a train wreck near Cleveland, Tennessee on 4 NOV 1862 which killed 17 members of the 33rd Alabama and injured seventy (which is the main reason this post is here: I had no idea that there were over 500 wrecks and accidents involving Confederate railroads during the Civil War... until now.) References: http://files.usgwarchives.net/al/butler/newspapers/train33rd.txt Train wreck. http://freepages.rootsweb.com/~alavols33rd/military/survivors.htm Victims of train wreck. https://civilwartalk.com/threads/railroad-accidents-kill-soldiers-during-civil-war.113583/ Train wreck discussion at civilwartalk. [Over 500 train wrecks and accidents occurred on Confederate lines during the Civil War. See http://www.csa-railroads.com/index.htm R.R. Accidents under "Essays and Documents" and scroll a little more than halfway down.] Note: The 16th Alabama, veterans of Shiloh, were aboard this same train, but occupied cars not affected by the derailment, and suffered no casualties.
  43. 1 point
    Bravo Zulu, Hank! Answer correct, and excellent summary of the January 1861 “situation” at Pensacola, provided for extra credit. For everyone else wondering, “What does Florida have to do with the Battle of Shiloh?” a reminder: Twenty percent of the Confederate participants at Shiloh had been members of Bragg's Army of Pensacola. Notable senior officers Withers, Jackson, Anderson, Ruggles, Gladden, Chalmers (and perhaps SAM Wood) all had experience in Pensacola/ Mobile. The regiments trained by Bragg at Pensacola were sent from Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Florida and Louisiana. But the situation in regard to U.S. Navy officers sent west following outbreak of war in April 1861 is not generally considered: Andrew Hull Foote entered military service in 1822 and at the outbreak of the Secession Crisis was second-in-command at Brooklyn Navy Yard, biding his time, with retirement from the Navy in 1862 his likely future. Henry Walke “ruined” his Naval career with the Atlantic Squadron as result of being Court Martialed for “failure to follow orders.” Instead of continuing service with the deepwater Navy, Walke was “sent away west” and took command of USS Tyler (one of the early “stop-gap” gunboats, derisively termed “timberclads” (before the contracted ironclads were ready for service.) The point: "Did the U.S. Navy send their A - Team?" [From results achieved, one would claim, "YES!" ...however, surviving documents indicate otherwise.] Yours to ponder... Ozzy
  44. 1 point
    67th Tigers Thanks for providing clarity and documentation supporting Confederate troop numbers and identity of units assigned to Fort Donelson before the surrender of 16 FEB 1862. Another source of information: Prisoner of War records. The approximately 12000 Rebel prisoners were progressively shipped north after February 16th to Camp Douglas, Illinois (about 8000 men), Camp Morton, Indiana (3000) and Camp Chase, Ohio (800). These records are accessible at Family Search via the link https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1916234. [Click on "Browse through 51108 images" for record access. Free account with Family Search required for access to their records -- takes two minutes.] In addition, it appears one unit was assigned to Fort Donelson, but for some reason was posted opposite the fort, on the east bank of the Cumberland River. Scott's Louisiana Regiment (of cavalry) may have been kept on the other side of the river, on the orders of General Buckner, due to a recent outbreak of measles in the regiment. The location proved fortuitous, because the regiment was not surrendered; after February 16th Scott's Louisiana made its way east, passed through Nashville, and is next reported ahead of Buell's Army of the Ohio in March, likely responsible for destroying the bridge over Duck River near Columbia. Cheers Ozzy
  45. 1 point
    Right..I didnt put all this in my comment.I guess Grant thought he didnt want that valuable timepiece to become lost/captured.
  46. 1 point
    Uniform and Flag stories from Shiloh These are some of the interesting incidents involving uniforms and flags at Battle of Shiloh: the 12th Illinois Infantry changed out of its old grey uniform into blue during the march to battle, morning of April 6th 1862; at least one "friendly fire" incident occurred, involving Rebel troops shooting their own due to the wearing of dark blue (or black) jackets; recent volunteers signed into Union service at Savannah during March/April 1862 ( 40th Illinois, 46th Ohio and 14th Iowa) may not have been issued with proper uniforms prior to Battle of Shiloh; the Jessie Scouts wore Rebel uniforms when performing their duties (but wore a distinctive scarf or armband -- usually white -- upon return to Union lines to avoid being shot by friendly troops) the "Stars and Bars" Flag (1st CSA National Flag) continued to pose problems at Shiloh (misidentified as American Flag) at least one Confederate regiment was ordered to wear its jackets inside out (with cream-coloured liner obscuring the dark colour of the uniform jacket) everyone knows the "white flag" represents surrender; but at the time of Shiloh, the "yellow flag" meant Hospital (and sometimes a "red flag" was used) ambulance wagons and steamers pressed into Hospital service usually carried no marker (and Hospital boats were sometimes used to carry munitions) when representatives from General Beauregard travelled to Richmond, end of April, to present the General's Shiloh Report to President Davis, they also carried with them 28 flags, banners and pennants captured at Shiloh. Cheers Ozzy
  47. 1 point
    I have an account saying that in the weeks following the battle numerous civilians could be seen on the battlefield searching for the graves of their loved ones in an attempt at recovering their bodies to take home for a proper burial. Not to be too graphic but it was noted how gruesome it was for family members to exhume a body that had been buried for a couple of weeks, wrap it up, and take it home. There must have been an embalmer somewhere at Pittsburgh Landing or Savanah. In the 77th Ohio, Mr. Porterfield from Marietta, Ohio, traveled out to the Fallen Timbers battlefield and retrieved the body of his son William whose grave had been carefully marked by his comrades and took him home.
  48. 1 point
    Laura Just a few bits uncovered while researching Samuel William Everett (1820 - 1862)... he joined the 10th Illinois Infantry (under command of Colonel Benjamin Prentiss) in April 1861. Upon expiration of 3-month term of service, Surgeon Everett appears to have joined the Staff of Brigadier General Prentiss (along with Daniel Stahl) and served with Prentiss in Missouri. The 3-year 10th Illinois went on to serve at Island No.10 while Stahl and Dr. Everett accompanied General Prentiss to Pittsburg Landing, arriving there end of March or April 1st. As Commander of Sixth Division, Benjamin Prentiss received Lieutenant Edwin Moore from the 21st Missouri, and made use of that man as a courier during Day One, Battle of Shiloh (Moore had just delivered a message from Prentiss to General Grant in late afternoon of April 6th, which is why Lieutenant Moore avoided capture. He was available to answer questions of Edward Everett, Samuel's brother, during that man's search of the battlefield April 1862.) See references below for links you may find of interest. Cheers Ozzy References: http://www.whig.com/story/25769233/death-of-dr-samuel-w-everett-at-shiloh Search for grave of Surgeon Everett http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/fs/010-3fs.html Roster of 10th Illinois Infantry (3-month's service) http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=eve&GSiman=1&GScid=108928&GRid=156654553& Surgeon Everett at find-a-grave
  49. 1 point
    I think with the arrival of Lew Wallace's Division Grant would have been able to hold out for some time againt the Rebs. However, I don't see how anyone could conclude that the events of April 7, 1862, would not have been dramatically different had Buell's troops not factored in...... Lew Wallace's Division was not very impressive on April 7th. Buell's 13,000 available troops on the morning of the 7th made the difference.
  50. 1 point
    Concerning Lew Wallace. Don't be too harsh in your criticism of his conduct on the 6th. He had been ordered to come up on the right of the army but had not been told that Sherman had fallen back. His choice to take the Shunpike was quite logical. Wallace's division had been exposed while at Adamsville/Stoney Lonesome/Crump's Landing. Lew Wallace and W.H.L. Wallace had come up with a contingency plan if Lew Wallace was attacked. The Hamburg-Savannagh Road was nearly impassable from the rising floodwaters of the Tennessee and an alternate route had been selected that would lead across Owl Creek and up the Shunpike to bring reenforcements to Lew Wallace's aid. When Lew recieved ordres to come down to the Pittburg Landing camps he used the prearranged plan only in reverse. He was far down the Shunpike when he recieved information concerning the course of the battle and the need to retrace his advance and arrive via the Hamburg-Savannah Road. A few years ago several members of the Shiloh staff set out to retrace Wallace's march. Wearing comfortable shoes and carrying light day packs they were hard pressed to match the time it took for the Third Division to reach the battlefield. If it was a challenge for eight people imagine the scene with three brigades and two batteries of artillery. Wallace's performance on the 7th, however, was certainly less than could have been expected. The Third Division was opposed by the remnants of Ponds' Brigade and Ketchum's Alabama Battery. At 6:30 am Thompson's Indiana Battery opened fire on Ketchum and Pond's brigade fell back to the south side of Jones Field. For an incredible 2 1/2 hours Wallace was held in place by a single battery until the arrival of Wood's brigade of infantry. The rest of the day was more of the same: a division held back by a battered brigade and patchwork lines. Wallace was afraid he would be cut off from the rest of the army and his performance was very disappointing. He passed up opportunities to inflict damage to the Confederate right and allowed himself to be checked by vastly inferior numbers. Tom
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