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Everything posted by Manassas1

  1. Camp Near Columbia April 3, 1862 MAJOR-GENERAL HALLECK: Dispatch of yesterday received. The troops at Camp Chase are only fragments, and scarecely more than enough to guard prisoners. I am taking along the division which I designed to have provisionally in front of Columbia. I am not altogether satisfied to do it, but have diminished the force nearer Nashville to remedy it. D. C. BUELL Camp Seven Miles South of Columbia April 3, 1862 9 p.m. MAJOR-GENERAL HALLECK: My troops all on the march. I move ahead to join the leading division, now 40 miles from Columbia. General Sturgis is in Nashville. I have telegraphed him to report to you in Saint Louis. If General Stanley is sent to me I shall be pleased to have him. D. C. BUELL Major-General Headquarters District of the Ohio Nashville, Tenn., April 3, 1862 SPECIAL ORDERS, NO. 5. V. Unless it conflicts with special instructions he may have received or may hereafter receive from the Postmaster-General, Col. A. H. Markland, special agent Post-Office Department, will continue with and take general supervision of the mails for the Army of the Ohio until further orders. By command of Major-General Buell (OLIVER D. GREENE) Assistant Adjutant-General Headquarters District of West Tennessee Savannah, April 3, 1862 GENERAL WILLIAM NELSON, Commanding Fourth Division, Buell's Army: Your advance has arrived here. All difficulties in our neighborhood will be remedied before your arrival. U. S. GRANT Major-General, Commanding Headquarters Sherman's Division Camp Shiloh, April 3, 1862 CAPT. JOHN A. RAWLINS, Assistant Adjutant-General, Steamboat Tigress: SIR: I inclose herewith report of Colonel Taylor of his scout last night, and send, in charge of a guard, with one of my aides, Captain Taylor, the two prisoners--one prisoner of the First Alabama Cavalry, and the other a citizen, Dr. Parkes. Colonel Taylor is a most intelligent officer, and is fully impressed with General Grant's views relative to the unjust arrest of citizens. My orders to him were to molest no citizen, farmer, or mechanic whom he found at home or engaged in his usual legitimate pursuits. But this Dr. Parkes he found at a farmhouse on his way out, and afterward found him beyond, with attending circumstances to show he had given the other pickets warning whom I expected near Greer's. My plan was to post in ambush Colonel Smith's regiment of Zouaves at Greer's on Lick Creek. They started at 8 o'clock p.m. last night, with two excellent guides. The cavalry of Colonel Taylor was to take the Corinth road and turn toward Greer's. He executed his orders, capturing one of the enemy's pickets, whom I send forthwith for General Grant to question, as he is pretty intelligent. The Dr. Parkes I also advise should be held prisoner for having given important information to the enemy. I have yet no reports from Colonel Smith, and expect him back momentarily, when I will communicate the result of his scout. I have the honor to be, your obedient servant, W. T. SHERMAN Brigadier-General, Commanding Division Headquarters Division Camp Shiloh, April 3, 1862 COLONEL BUCKLAND, Commanding Fourth Brigade: SIR: You may march your entire brigade to-day forward on the Corinth road about 3 miles, by way of drill and instruction. When you reach the hill, send companies as skirmishers to the right and left a mile or so. Do not molest people quietly at their usual occupation as farmers, mechanics, but all persons armed, uniformed, or suspicious bring in as prisoners. Keep your men together, unless detached as companies, and allow no firing unless you encounter an enemy. I am, &c., your obedient servant, W. T. SHERMAN Brigadier-General, Commanding Division
  2. On April 7, 1862, Assistant Surgeon Bernard J. D. Irwin, Army of the Ohio, established a 300 bed tent hospital at the far right of the Union Line in Cantrell Field. The surgeries were conducted in the Cantrell House. Other than the facts above, I know very little about this Shiloh tent hospital. Does anyone know how long the hospital existed? Were both Union and Confederate wounded cared for there? Did the Sanitary Commission assist in any way? How many soldiers died there? The Manassas Belle
  3. Manassas1

    Monumental Trivia (Part 2)

    Ozzy...... As you well Know, if you are a true student of the Civil War, you make it your business to know the obscure. I've probably visited just about every civil war monument in Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, not to mention quite a few in Western Theater states. I'll try to do better in the future! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  4. Manassas1

    Monumental Trivia (Part 2)

    Hi Ozzy........ It's the National War Correspondents Memorial in Gathland State Park near South Mountain, Burkttsville, Maryland. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  5. Manassas1

    Christmas Bells

    Lovely poem/song, Perry. I've always liked H W Longfellow's work. Here's wishing you and all the members of the Shiloh Discussion Group, peace in your heart this Christmas and good health in 2018. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  6. The first Thanksgiving celebrations in America were held in 1619 in Virginia and at Plymouth in the Massachusetts colony. Presidents George Washington and James Madison both issued thanksgiving proclamations, but it was left to President Abraham Lincoln in 1863 to establish Thanksgiving Day as a formal and regular holiday: A PROCLAMATION. The year that is drawing towards its close, has been filled with the blessings of fruitful fields and healthful skies. To these bounties, which are so commonly enjoyed that we are prone to forget the source from which they can penetrate and soften even the heart which is habitually insensible to the watchful providence of Almighty God. In the midst of a civil war of unequaled magnitude and severity, which has sometimes seemed to foreign States to invite and to provoke their aggression, peace has been preserved with all nations, order has been maintained, the laws have been respected and obeyed, and harmony has prevailed everywhere except in the theatre of military conflict; while that theatre has been greatly contracted by the advancing armies and navies of the Union. Needful diversions of wealth and of strength from the fields of peaceful industry to the national defense, have not arrested the plough, the shuttle or the ship; the axe has enlarged the borders of our settlements, and the mines, as well of iron and coal as of the precious metals, have yielded even more abundantly than heretofore. Population has steadily increased, notwithstanding the waste that has been made in the camp, the siege and the battlefield; and the country, rejoicing in the consciousness of augmented strength and vigor, is permitted to expect continuance of years with large increase of freedom. No human counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand worked out these great things. They are the gracious gifts of the Most High God, who, while dealing with us in anger for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered mercy. It has seemed to me fit and proper that they should be solemnly reverently and gratefully acknowledged as with one heart and one voice by the whole American People. I do therefore invite my fellow citizens in every part of the United States, and also those who are at sea and those who are sojourning in foreign lands, to set apart and observe the last Thursday of November next, as a day of Thanksgiving and Praise to our beneficent Father who dwelleth in the Heavens. And I recommend to them that while offering up the ascriptions justly due to Him for such singular deliverances and blessings, they do also, with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience, commend to His tender care all those who have become widows, orphans, mourners or sufferers in the lamentable civil strife in which we are unavoidably engaged, and fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty to heal the wounds of the nation and to restore it as soon as may be consistent with the Divine purposes to the enjoyment of peace, harmony, tranquility and Union. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States to be affixed. Done at the City of Washington, this Third day of October, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred sixty-three, and of the Independence of the United States the Eighty-eighth. by the President: Abraham Lincoln William H. Seward, Secretary of State Source: Civil War Trust website * * * * * * * Happy Thanksgiving to all our Shiloh Discussion Group members and their families. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  7. Manassas1

    Signal Corps at Shiloh?

    In my studies of Gettysburg, I know the Signal Corps played a part on Little Round Top for the Union Army. In fact, there is a plaque there commemorating their participation. Did the Signal Corps play a role at Shiloh? If so, were they ever recognized with a plaque or monument? Belle
  8. Manassas1

    About Those Confederate Monuments...

    Perry...... First of all, I'm not a card carrying Democrat or Republican. Like all voters in the Commonwealth of Virginia, we do not affiliate with a political party. (I have to say, however, I definitely have strong Democratic leanings). Second, I believe slavery was a contributing factor to the Civil War. Third, I think the Confederate Monuments (outside battlefield parks) that were erected and dedicated in the late 19th and early 20th centuries served an emotional purpose for the people of the South who had native sons who fought in the Civil War. Fourth, I'm sorry to see all the 21st century controversy and removal of the Confederate Monuments, but I can also empathize with the black community who feel the time has come to find a more appropriate place to display them. Since I started studying the American Civil War, I became a monuments geek after visiting my favorite battlefield in Gettysburg. I collected every book on the Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association and its history up until the Association dissolved when they transferred the monuments to the Federal Government. I also collected and read all the old Gettysburg Monuments Commission Reports for the states of New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Maine, Ohio, New Jersey, Vermont, West Virginia and Delaware. Each were chock filled with dedication programs, battle history of their state's regiments, and speeches, poems and songs that were part of the dedication ceremony. After the war, the South was not in a financial condition to add monuments to battlefields, and probably would not be welcomed in northern battlefields if they could afford it. As a result, Confederate Monuments eventually began appearing in Southern towns several decades after the war to honor their sons, brothers, and husbands who fought for the South. Time marched on and the Civil Rights Movement made us aware of injustices that needed to be corrected. The Confederate Monuments were/are a constant reminder to the black community of the slavery their ancestors endured and their history. There should be some meeting of sane minds. Perhaps it is time to not erase our history, but place the non-battlefield Confederate Monuments in a special museum or dedicated art history hall in local Southern towns for those who want to view them as monuments of our past history or art and protect them from hate groups' intervention. The chaos and fighting needs to end. (Perry, we have a long history of debating Civil War and political issues and have still remained very good friends. I value your opinions and thank you for letting me voice mine on this blog.) THE MANASSAS BELLE
  9. Hello..... In case there were any re-enactors or historians heading to Virginia next weekend.......Due to the current atmosphere here in Virginia, the long tradition of "Civil War Weekend" scheduled for August 24-25 in downtown Manassas (Bull Run) is officially cancelled. The times, they are a-changing. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  10. Headquarters Third Division Crump's Landing, April 4, 1862 JOHN A. RAWLINS Captain and Assistant Adjutant-General: The news of the re-enforcement of the rebel troops at Purdy is confirmed. There are now eight regiments of infantry and 1,200 cavalry at that town, with an equal if not larger body at Bethel, 4 miles back of it. The object of the movement is not known. As a measure of precaution I would respectfully ask the general to hasten down to me the batteries newly assigned to my division, to wit, Stone's and Markgraf's. Be pleased also to send me such blanks of every description as you can conveniently spare. LEW. WALLACE General, Third Division Headquarters District of West Tennessee Pittsburg, April 4, 1862 BRIG. GEN. W. H. L. WALLACE, Commanding Second Division: Please send out order immediately to have Stone's and Markgraf's batteries join Maj. Gen. L. Wallace's command at Crump's Landing at an early hour to-morrow. These are new batteries, that have been sent up recently, and I do not know where they have been temporarily assigned. It is believed that the enemy are re-enforcing at Purdy, and it may be necessary to re-enforce General Wallace to avoid his being attacked by a superior force. Should you find danger of this sort, re-enforce him at once with your entire division. U. S. GRANT Major-General, Commanding Headquarters District of West Tennessee Pittsburg, April 4, 1862 GENERAL WILLIAM T. SHERMAN, Commanding Fifth Division: Information just received would indicate that the enemy are sending in a force to Purdy, and it may be with a view to attack General Wallace at Crump's Landing. I have directed General W. H. L. Wallace, commanding Second Division temporarily, to re-enforce General L. Wallace in case of an attack with his entire division, although I look for nothing of the kind, but it is best to be prepared. I would direct, therefore, that you advise your advance guards to keep a sharp lookout for any movement in that direction, and should such a thing be attempted, give all the support of your division and General Hurbut's, if necessary. I will return to Pittsburg at an early hour to-morrow, and will ride out of your camp. U. S. GRANT Major-General, Commanding Camp Three Miles West of Waynesborough April 4, 1862 GENERAL GRANT, Savannah: I shall be in Savannah myself to-morrow with one, perhaps two divisions. Can I meet you there? Have you any information for me that should affect my movements? What of your enemy and your relative positions; what force at Florence or Corinth? We will require forage as soon as we arrive and provisions in two or three days after. Has a steamer arrived with a bridge for me? D. C. BUELL Commanding Headquarters Fifth Division, Army in the Field April 4, 1862 ORDERS, NO. 19. I. In case of alarm, night or day, regiments and brigades should form promptly on their parade grounds and await orders. Of course, if attacked, the immediate commanders present must give the necessary orders for defense. II. In case of an attack on the advance pickets they should fire and fall back on the guard posted between them and the main brigade guard. This guard should hold their ground, and if necessary, be re-enforced from the nearest regiment by the brigadier; but in no event should a brigadier go beyond his advance pickets without orders of the division commander. By being thus drawn forward we lose the advantage of position and artillery. The brigade commander should remain with his brigade and direct its movements. III. The regiment to-day went out in gray flannel shirts, which at a distance of 100 yards resemble the secession uniform. Commanders of regiments must never leave their camps for action unless their men wear the blue coat, jacket, or blouse. IV. Detachments should be made as seldom as possible, and then chiefly to guard points along a plain road. There is more danger to sending a single company off to the right or left of a marching column than in receiving the fire of a regiment. These conclusions were illustrated by the events of to-day. By order of Brig. Gen. W. T. Sherman J. H. HAMMOND Assistant Adjutant-General Headquarters Fifth Division, Army in the Field April 4, 1862 SPECIAL ORDERS, NO. 18. In pursuance to Orders, No. 33, Headquarters District of West Tennessee, April 2, 1862, the following changes are made in this division: 1. All batteries and detachments of cavalry now attached to the division or hereafter to be attached will not be reported with brigades, but will make separate morning reports direct to division headquarters. 2. Colonel Taylor, commanding Fifth Ohio Cavalry, now attached to this division, having been transferred to the Fourth Division, will report his command to Brigadier-General Hurlbut. 3. Capt. Emil Munch, Minnestota battery, having been assigned to the Sixth Division, will report forthwith to Brigadier-General Prentiss. 4. Capt. Stone, commanding battery in the Second Brigade, will report forthwith to his immediate commander, Major Cavender and through him to Major-General Smith, commanding Second Division. Taylor's and Waterhouse's batteries, Morton's Indiana battery, and two battalions of Fourth Illinois Cavalry, having been assigned to this division, will constitute separate commands, under the charge of the senior officers respectively, who will report in person daily and receive orders from the division commander. Captain Taylor is announced as chief of artillery of this division. He will make an immediate personal inspection of the artillery of this command and report its condition for service, and make such suggestions as his judgment and experience may suggest to increase the efficiency of his command. By order of Brig. Gen. W. T. Sherman: J. H. HAMMOND Assistant Adjutant-General
  11. Manassas1

    Then & Now 1960's Version

    Shades of Frassanito!!! The Manassas Belle
  12. Manassas1

    My Shiloh Journey

    Perry, Well said, my friend. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  13. Manassas1

    Happy 10th Birthday to Us

    Congratulations, Perry, on your 10 years of Shiloh Discussion Group leadership! It's difficult to believe that time flies by that fast. I still remember the early days on Prodigy (close to 15 years prior to the SDG) when our Civil War group spent hours in live chats discussing the Civil War (Shiloh included). I also remember your dedication to writing well researched civil war articles while we both frequented Suite 101 on the Internet. (You even let me write a guest article a time or two.) Walking the fields of Shiloh with you, I, too, developed a keen sense of the history, beauty and peacefulness of that battlefield which still remains with me today. While I may not post as much now as I once did (life gets in the way sometimes), I still enjoy reading the posts from all the SDG members. I, too, have made many friends on the site and have enjoyed discussing the battle and meeting some of them on other sites or in person. Here's to the continued success of your site and 'Happy Birthday' to all the SDGers out there! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  14. Manassas1

    Happy Birthday, Perry!!!

    Join me in wishing our fearless Shiloh Discussion Group leader, Perry Cuskey, a happy birthday today . Enjoy the day, dear friend! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  15. Manassas1

    Seasons Greetings!

    To All Esteemed Members of the Shiloh Discussion Group....... Merry Christmas, Happy Hanukkah and Kwanza and the best of battlefield touring in 2017! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  16. Manassas1

    Visiting Fort Henry

    Neat stuff, Perry! Thanks for sharing! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  17. Manassas1

    Tim Smith and David Powell Interview

    Thanks for sharing, Wrap. Great stuff. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  18. Manassas1

    Gibraltar of the West

    Ozzy...... I visited the real Gibraltar as a side trip to my tour of Spain in 2014. Great fortification with lots of history. Loved the caves and monkeys. ( I thought it was interesting that their modern main street crosses their airport runway so traffic has to stop every time a plane takes off or lands. It works!) I've been to Vicksburg but, like you, not to Fort Columbus. I'll have to add it to my "to do" list and visit it someday to see the comparison to Gibraltar. Thanks for the interesting topic! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  19. Manassas1

    Grand Illumination

    TomP and All....... I've been to the illumination at Antietam where they have 23,000 luminaries. It's quite impressive. People line up their cars as early as 3:00 p.m. the first Saturday in December and the lines go on for miles along the highway waiting for dark to drive through the battlefield. Lots of re-enactors are also encamped amid the luminaries at Antietam.....great opportunities for photos. It's an annual tradition for most folks here in Maryland and Virginia. Sounds like the one at Corinth will be similar. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  20. (From Diary of a Confederate Soldier: John S. Jackman of the Orphan Brigade, edited by William C. Davis. University of South Carolina, 1990) "April 5th, 1862 This morning, felt completely broken down. The wagon was so heavily loaded, and behind too, I had to try it afoot again--the train rolled past me, and I was left a complete straggler. A staff officer, in charge of the rear, ordered me back to Corinth, but as soon as he was gone, I kept ahead. The next house I came to I stopped. The lady gave me some milk and bread to eat. I felt so bad, I thought I would go no further. Soldiers were straggling along all day. That evening, there was some artillery firing towards Shiloh. Again had fever that night." "April 6th This day will long be remembered. Soon after the sun had risen, the firing of artillery became so general, and the roar of musketry could be heard so distinctly, I knew the battle had commenced. I wished to be on the field, but was not able to walk so far. The gentleman with whom I was staying had his only remaining horse caught, which I mounted. When I bade "mine hostess" good bye, she looked very "sorrowful"--which affected me not a little & I never knew why she took such an interest in me. The gentleman walked and kept up. Four miles brought us to Monterey, and just beyond, we met some of the wounded on foot with their arms and heads bound up in bloody bandages, & I felt then that I was getting in the vicinity of the "warfare." Soon we met ambulances and wagons loaded with wounded, and I could hear the poor fellows groaning and shrieking, as they were being jolted over the rough road. Met a man on horseback with a stand of captured colors. We were now in proximity of the fighting, and we met crowds of men; some crippling along, wounded in the legs or about the body; others, no blood could be seen about their persons--yet all seemed bent on getting away. I now dismounted and started on foot. I never saw the gentleman afterwards, who had kindly brought me so far on the road. Being in so much excitement, I became stronger. I met a fellow dressed in a suit of "butter-nut" jeans, who was limping, but I don't believe was scratched. He asked me, in that whining way: "Has you'ns been in the fight yet?" I thought he meant some general, and asked my "brown" interrogator what troops General "Youens" commanded. He seemed astounded, and at last made me understand him. I told him "no," and went on. I afterwards got quite familiar with the "youens" and "weens" vernacular of "Brown Jeans." While passing a hospital on the roadside, I happened to see one of our company lying by a tent wounded. I went out to see him and there found the brigade hospital established. There were heaps of wounded lying about, many of them I knew, and first one then another would ask me to give him water or do some other favor for him. While I was thus occupied, Dr. P told me to stay with him, that I was not able to go on the field--that I would be captured. There was no one to help him, and I turned surgeon, pro tempore. I was not able to do much, but rendered all the assistance in my power. Part of my business was to put patients under the influence of chloroform. I kept my handkerchief saturated all the time, and was often dizzy from the effects myself. It was about one o'clock in the day, when I got there." "All day long the battle raged. Occasionally there would be a lull for a short time; but the cannon were never entirely hushed. They would break out in increased thunder, and the roar of the musketry would roll up and down the lines, vibrating almost regularly from one extreme to the other. All day long the ambulances continued to discharge their loads of wounded. At last night set in, and the musketry ceased; but the Federal gunboats continued shelling awhile after dark. Nearly midnight when we got through with the wounded. A heavy rain set in. I was tired, sick and all covered with blood. But I was in far better fix than many that were there. I sat on a medicine chest in the surgeon's tent, and "nodded" the long night through." Submitted by the Manassas Belle
  21. Manassas1

    Fort Donelson Hike Update

    Camping? To me, "roughing it" is no room service! THE MANASSAS BELLE
  22. Manassas1

    Death of a Civil War Enthusiast

    Sorry to hear of your friend's passing, Bruce. He was an avid student of the war and of Shiloh. We will miss him. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  23. Manassas1

    Win a Free Book!

    So who won the book in 2009? THE MANASSAS BELLE
  24. Manassas1

    Hello All

    Welcome, Eric. Pull up a chair and sit with us awhile! Friendly and knowledgeable group here. THE MANASSAS BELLE
  25. Manassas1


    Glad you could join us, Russell. We look forward to your participating in our discussions on Shiloh. Friendly group here. Let us know if you have any questions. THE MANASSAS BELLE