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WI16thJim

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  1. WI16thJim

    CWT

    My nephew paid me the last $250 he owed me on a boat I sold him. $50 immediately went to the neighbor kid for yard work and then I received this email: Civil War Trust Save Shiloh Save 295 acres at Shiloh! The morning of April 6, 1862 was one of shock and alarm as the men of General Ulysses S. Grant’s Union army found their camp at Pittsburg Landing being attacked by Confederates under General Albert Sidney Johnston. Colonel John McDowell, whose brigade occupied the extreme right flank of Grant’s army, rushed his troops forward to meet the threat. Colonel Preston Pond, Jr.’s Louisiana brigade greeted them with fierce volleys and eventually overwhelmed the Yankees. With the Union right flank collapsing, the Confederates swept the field. Today, the Civil War Trust is pleased to announce our immediate effort to save the exact site of McDowell’s stand against Pond’s Confederates. This 295-acre area of land is the most significant unprotected land on the western edge of Shiloh National Military Park. With your help in saving this land we are not only adding to the protected acreage at Shiloh, but also providing an important buffer between the battlefield and likely development on the park’s western border. Donate to Save Shiloh! » And there goes another $100. I've always felt I could never possess money and that it hardly even acknowledges my presence as it goes flying by! Jim
  2. Too hot. We had a 105 heat index with giant storms and tornadoes. My back and I decided to lay low. Jim
  3. From Madison.com: http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/camp-randall-to-welcome-home-its-civil-war-soldiers/article_d0e27f9a-6d1b-54c3-96ad-b72c6090c855.html Camp Randall to welcome home its Civil War soldiers They’ll return to Camp Randall this weekend, Civil War soldiers who have seen so much in the last four years. They’ll camp together one last time, share stories of the things they’ve seen, return their uniforms and pick up their final pay. And then, in a slightly different twist from their forebears 150 years earlier, they’ll get in their cars and go home. On Saturday, the Wisconsin Department of Veterans Affairs is presenting “Return to Camp Randall” to commemorate not just the end of the Civil War but how it ended in the camp that had trained, fed and housed 70,000 of the more than 80,000 Wisconsin soldiers who served in the Union Army. The event is designed to commemorate the return of all Wisconsin soldiers but is based on a documented program that celebrated the return of the 6th Wisconsin Infantry Regiment on July 16, 1861. “When they came back there were speeches, reception, a meal provided, they received their final paychecks,” said Kevin Hampton, curator of history at the Wisconsin Veterans Museum. “It’s really neat to read the accounts of these soldiers who realize they’re home, that they’re done, that it’s over.” Saturday’s event includes the dedication of a monument to the soldiers who served, a 10-foot obelisk that sits beside a cannon on a hilltop on the Camp Randall park grounds. The iconic Camp Randall arch, erected in 1912, already serves as a memorial, but its construction was spearheaded by veterans groups. “They dedicated it to themselves,” Hampton said. John Scocos, secretary of the Wisconsin Department of Veterans Affairs, wanted to erect a monument to recognize Wisconsin troops’ role in the Civil War at Camp Randall, and the result is the obelisk that also recognizes the 150th anniversary of the end of the war. “The nation didn’t do much, and that’s kind of a shame,” Michael Telzrow, director of the Wisconsin Veterans Museum, said of the sesquicentennial. “We did an exhibit here that we ran for three years about Wisconsin’s role in the last 2½ years in the war, but we thought it would be nice to do something public.” Back to camp Those who know that Camp Randall is more than a football stadium also know that it was a place where soldiers trained before they headed to places called Antietam or Bull Run. But those soldiers also returned to Camp Randall. This time it wasn’t because of war; it was because of bureaucracy. On April 9, 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox, signaling the end of the war that would formally end two months later when surrender terms were signed. In between, Union troops marched on the streets of Washington, D.C., in the two-day Grand Review on May 23-24. From there, Union troops went elsewhere, such as the 6th Infantry going to Louisville, Kentucky, to be released from federal service. They stayed there about a month and then had to return home to also be released from state service. “They did the Grand Review and just assumed they were going home. But they didn’t,” Hampton said. “If you read the letters they say, ‘Well, it’s because some officer didn’t order enough discharge papers.’ They’re all writing and saying, ‘We just want to get home.’” The 6th Wisconsin took a train from Kentucky to Madison, and was received Downtown at Capitol Park. There was music and a speech from future governor Lucius Fairchild, who had been a colonel in the 2nd Wisconsin and lost an arm at Gettysburg. The music will be recreated by the 1st Brigade Band, the Watertown-based Civil War-era band that plays songs from the period on vintage instruments. Busy re-enactors Civil War re-enactors will be camping on the grounds this weekend, and the interaction with the public fits in with what happened at Camp Randall once the war ended. Soldiers needed somewhere to stay until they got the official OK to leave, so they returned to the place where most of them had trained. “The 6th Wisconsin was here several days before they were fully mustered out,” Hampton said. “So they were waiting to get paid, they had visitors coming in to town. They wanted to talk to their family and friends and see them again. So there were several days where people were coming in and out of Camp Randall to interact with them.” The war’s sesquicentennial has been a busy time for re-enactors. Hampton is president of the Second Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry, a re-enactment association. Members traveled to national and local re-enactments and commemorations, sometimes being part of re-enacted battles of 10,000 or more people. “We did Bull Run. We did Antietam. We did the Wilderness. We did Gettysburg,” Hampton said. “We’ve done the big events over the years and now we come home.” Trickling home By war’s end, more than 80,000 soldiers served from a state that was 13 years old and had 775,000 residents when the war began. More than 12,000 were killed or died of disease. The state’s soldiers didn’t return all at once. One regiment, the 4th Cavalry, had been sent to Texas because the military was still needed along the Rio Grande. They didn’t return home until June 1866, and returned to Camp Randall. “I always felt bad for the 4th Wisconsin,” Hampton said. Wisconsin’s last surviving Civil War soldier was Lansing Wilcox of Chippewa County, who died in 1951 at age 105. He was in the 4th Cavalry. Monuments might be few and far between on the state level, but that’s because companies served as units from their communities. That’s part of why so many communities have monuments to the Civil War — to celebrate their own, who served together. A century and a half later, the war continues to intrigue, and books about it continue to be published. “There’s a lot that makes it fascinating,” Telzrow said. “There’s the military aspect that draws people, there are colorful personalities on both sides. There are great leaders, there are bad leaders. “It’s the defining moment in the history of the republic, outside of the establishment of it. The nation is wrestling with the idea of ‘Are we going to stay a nation or are we going to be split in two?’ It was so momentous.” Jim
  4. This is where my Grandfather and the 16th WI Regiment spent the winter of 1861-62. From UWBadgers.com: http://www.uwbadgers.com/facilities/camp-randall-history.html excerpt taken from: "The Buildings of the University of Wisconsin" By: Jim Feldman Published by: University of Wisconsin Archives 1858 State Fairgrounds In the earliest days of the State of Wisconsin the 50-acre site bounded by University Avenue, Breese Terrace, Monroe and North Randall Streets, was owned by the State Agricultural Society. The early state fairs were held there with the race track and fairgrounds in the approximate location of the modern stadium's football field. With the outbreak of the Civil War the Agricultural Society offered the property to the state as a training center for troops. By May 1, 1861, soldiers began to move in. The camp was named for Alexander W. Randall, the state's first wartime governor. Camp Randall ~1862 Drawing by: John Gaddis Company E 12th Wisc. Infantry The first winter saw 9,000 troops quartered at Camp Randall, and eventually 70,000 of the state's 91, 327 troops trained there at one time or another. In 1862, 1400 sick and wounded Confederate troops captured at Island 10 in the Mississippi and at Shiloh were held at Camp Randall. Many of these southern soldiers died of their wounds and are buried in a cemetery on Madison's west side in an area known as "soldier's rest", the northernmost confederate cemetery in the United States. Winter of 1861-1862 Only Known Photo of Camp Randall There was then a plan made for the land to be plotted and sold for building lots, but the outrage of the war veterans against this "sordid sacrilege" led the state legislature to purchase the property form the owners, a group of Madison businessmen led by R.M. Bashford, for $25,000 on April 19, 1893. In his testimony before the legislative committee regarding the property General Lucius Fairchild is reported to have said: "Gentlemen there is the property; the university needs it; the price is cheap; if you don't buy it, I will." The legislature then presented the property to the university. Camp Randall May 1864 Named After Gov. Alexandar Randall Litho by: Louis Kurz In 1913 the memorial park was defined by the legislature to include the 6.5 acre parcel at the east entrance of the camp. The memorial park section is still under the control of the university. The memorial arch was built by the state in 1911 at a cost of about $25,000 and the cannons were mounted in 1913. Soldiers were again quartered and trained at Camp Randall during WWI and the WAVES in WWII trained there. Postcard of Original Camp Randall Stadium located West of Randall Ave. & South of Univ. Ave. Shortly after it was acquired by the university Camp Randall was put to use for athletics, at first only for track and field events, since baseball and football games were still being played on the lower campus, with spectators lining up in buggies on Langdon Street. The increasing attendance and the associated dangers (there were reports of baseballs entering street cars) at these athletic events caused the university to build a stadium at the northeast corner of Camp Randall the site of the old fairgrounds. First Football Squad 1889 Team Photo A soldier's veteran group wrote a petition to the regents that the name always remain Camp Randall, complaining that no-one would consider renaming Bunker Hill "Bunker Field". Their request was granted and only the occasional visiting sportscaster refers to 'Randall Field' and is quickly corrected. Photo from Chemistry Building, Sometime before 1906 This stadium was first used in 1895 when the Badgers defeated the Gophers of Minnesota 6-0. The bleachers were wooden and with the heavy use (capacity was about 3000) were difficult to maintain. The grandstand section had rooms underneath it for lockers, toilets, and showers. In the fall of 1914 the entire bleacher section on the north side of the field was condemned as unsafe for use. They were torn down and the practice began of renting temporary bleacher seating for the east, west and north sides of the field. Although the total seating capacity of the stadium was about 3,000 the Daily Cardinal reports that as many as 15,000 attended games, standing in crowds surrounding the field. Unknown Game Photo early 1900's Peabody, athletic director George W. Ehler and the regents began planning the stadium in 1908 about the time the old stadium was becoming unsafe. Petitions to the legislature for funds were not answered until 1915 when the state granted $20,000 of a $40,000 request for a new stadium. The work of preparing the site for the new stadium was begun in mid-1915. Work was slow due to hard weather, and war related material problems. The hope that the new stadium would be available in the 1916 season slipped away. Then something happened. Air View in 1909 Note: New Randall School at top left The homecoming game against Minnesota on November 20, 1915 was attended by a reported 15,000 spectators. A large percentage of these fans were crowded into the rented and recently erected temporary bleachers. About a minute into the second quarter of the game, a loud cracking sound was heard form the vicinity of the west bleachers and three one-hundred foot sections of the bleacher containing 1,800 people collapsed. Surprisingly there were almost no serious injuries, although there were a quantity of minor ones, and rumors of students near death. The game was only interrupted for about fifteen minutes, after which the Badgers were beaten 21-0. Famed sportswriter Ring Lardner was at the game and wrote a typically breathless article for the Cardinal in which he reported: "They was about 1,000 or maybe five thousand people in one of the cheering stands and all of a sudden it caved in somewhere and all the people was thrown on the ground. Some of 'em was hurt pretty bad too.." 1912 Football Team An inquiry into the accident by the state and university architects and engineers exonerated almost everybody, placing the bulk of the blame on ground recently saturated by rain and subjected to a freeze-thaw cycle. The stakes at the front of the bleachers began to move forward under their load until some rear supports pulled out and gave way, thus allowing the structure to collapse. President Van Hise told the Cardinal "We have been afraid something like this might happen ever since a stand gave way in Chicago....we have been for years urging a concrete stadium at Camp Randall, but it was just cut out of the bill offered on the floor of the senate. Today's accident shows how imperative is the need." The 1915 legislature's $20,000 appropriation, the accident, and $2300 in donations from alumni and students accelerated the construction of the new stadium. The plan placed the new field just east of a forty foot hill that sloped away from Breese Terrace near Monroe Street. The new concrete bleachers would be built directly into the east side of that hill. Since there would be no space under the west stands it was assumed that locker rooms and facilities would wait until the construction of an east grandstand which was not an explicit part of the original plan. It was estimated that the hillside capacity was 10,000 seats, not all that were needed but all that could be afforded. The new stadium was ready for use in time for the opening home game of 1917. The top row (of 40) was twenty feet below Breese Terrace. The seats stretched 400 feet along the hill. Camp Randall 1928 Note: Field House Under Construction The first game played at the new field was October 6, 1917 against Beloit, with the Badgers winning 34-0, attendance was reported at 2000. The stadium was not officially dedicated until November 3, 1917 at homecoming against Minnesota. The Badgers won in front of 10,000 fans at the new stadium. The legislature of 1917 had appropriated another $10,.000. Because only 7500 of the hillside seats were finished in time for the start of the season, and partly to provide dressing facilities, the grandstand section was moved from the south side of the old field to the east side of the new field, adding another 3000 seats. The ground on the east side of the field was filled and several years were thought to be needed for it to stabilize before it would be safe to build concrete seats upon. This configuration of 7500 concrete hillside seats and 3000 old wooden seats from the old field was used and added to piecemeal (in 1921, 4000 concrete seats were added for $ 24, 872) for about seven years. Camp Randall 1931 On June 8, 1922 after an rain-soaked fraternity game at the field, a student living on Breese Terrace called the fire department and reported seeing flames at Camp Randall. By the time the fire department arrived the old wood grandstand was engulfed in flames, and far beyond saving. No certain cause of the blaze was ever determined, it was variously blamed on arson, a cigarette, town kids, et.al. Ironically the building had been sold the previous day to a salvage man. Thus passed the last remnants of the old stadium where played the earliest greats of the Badger football program, fabled "kangaroo" kicker Pat O'Dea, J.F.A. "Sunny" Pyre, "Norsky" Larsen another member of the conference champion teams of 1901 and 1912. In July of 1923 work was under way on concrete bleachers for the east side of the field that would add 5000 more seats to the stadium (Arthur Peabody's design). The temporary north bleachers were replaced with concrete in 1923 also. By 1924 the capacity of the stadium was listed as 33,000. For the next fifteen years the bowl-shaped stadium grew bit by bit as money became available from the legislature or from gate receipts. In 1940 an addition was built that completed the original bowl. It now wrapped around the field on three sides, with the field house filling in the south end, which had originally been left open to alleviate the ventilation problems that early stadia of this type exhibited. It had a capacity of 45,000 and utilized some temporary bleachers on the northwest and southwest corners. An interesting aspect of the Camp Randall stadium was the inclusion of the stadium dormitories. In the period around 1940 housing for students and military personnel was a distinct problem in Madison, and the regents sought innovative ways to alleviate the problem. The '1940' addition (designed by the state Bureau of Engineering) which was actually begun November 1939, added 7500 seats on the east side and built the dormitory under the east side seats. The outside wall was sheathed with Madison sandstone (for which a local quarry had to be temporarily reopened), and in addition to the dormitory for 150 men, there were boxing and wrestling quarters, and a rifle range. The work on the 1940 addition to the stadium was done by the WPA (Works Progress Administration) a depression era federal program. Camp Randall 1934 The dormitories were named the Schreiner and Baumann houses after two UW students who were killed at Okinawa. These dorms were occupied initially by naval trainees. After the war the dorms were home to 157 student veterans. The stadium dorms did not have kitchen facilities and so were cheaper than the regular dorms ($145-160/year in 1950). As dormitories they always operated at a loss because of various factors mostly regarding scale and poor utilization of space. In 1951 the regents announced their decision to close the stadium dorms, and suggested that the next dorms built on campus should be named for Schreiner and Baumann. In 1954 the rooms were converted to offices for the extension department. Later they became offices for the athletic and military departments. Camp Randall 1947 with dormitories on east side In 1950 plans (By Ebling, Plunkett & Keyman of Milwaukee) were announced to expand the stadium to hold 50,000 using revenue form athletic events. The expansion was done by raising the bleachers in the north end to the same height as the main east and west sections, and by replacing the temporary seats with permanent ones. The .B. Fritz Co. was awarded the contract, and began work in May 1950. The total cost of this expansion was $569,000. Complaints had been made about spectators getting splinters from the old wood seats. The work was delayed because of postwar material shortages and a severe winter in 1950. The job was not completed until September of 1951. Even with the expansion Camp Randall stadium was one of the smallest in the Big 10. Camp Randall 1948 showing new east side seating above dorms Attendance at the newly enlarged stadium averaged over 50,000 during the seasons of 1952 and 1953. Calls for further expansion were immediately raised. In 1954 the regents authorized a study of methods for adding seats. Three methods were investigated: building more rows on top of the existing seats, filling in the south end of bowl behind the field house, and lowering the field; that is going up, going out or going down. In 1957 the regents announced that they would lower the field by ten feet, thereby adding 10,000 new seats and many of them between the goal lines. This would eliminate the running track which had always surrounded the field, but the newly built Memorial practice building and plans for a new gymnasium eliminated this drawback. The work was begun in mid November of 1957, with a projected cost of $ 482,000. By July 1958 the expansion was in the finishing stages. The capacity had risen to 63710. The area between the bleachers and the field was blacktopped during this expansion. Camp Randall Prior to 2001 Renovation The stadium proved adequate through the late 1950s and early 1960s, but a few successful seasons boosted attendance again and in 1964 the regents decided to expand again. This time they decided to go up. The plan (by Osborne Engineering of Cleveland OH) was to add a second deck on the west side of the stadium, and to include a two story press box, which would free up more seats in the bleachers. This addition was completed in time for the 1965 season and brought the stadium to its current (1993) capacity of 75,935. The promise of the Barry Alvarez era, the 1993 Rose Bowl season, and the stampede in the overcrowded student sections at the Michigan game of that year raised questions about the size and safety of the stadium. There may be additional enlargement in the future, probably by adding seats at the south end near the field house, or building an upper deck on the east side. Jim
  5. Well, a good scene will lend itself to a decent picture for the untalented. Even a blind deer finds an acorn once in a while. Jim
  6. I'll take em, but give no guarantees as to results! Jim
  7. The citizens of Boscobel are proud to host the 23nd Annual Muskets & Memories Civil War Era Reenactment and GAR Heritage Encampment July 31, August 1 & 2, 2015. Muskets & Memories Kronshage Park, 1515 Wisconsin Ave., Boscobel WI In 1992, a cadre of historically minded fellows got together at a local coffee shop in Boscobel and discussed a way to recognize and honor the John McDermott GAR Hall in Boscobel. The result of that meeting was that the following October, 26 hardy Civil War living historians (reenactors) gathered at Kronshage Park, in the freezing rain no less, to honor the GAR Hall. They had no budget and no spectators, just a desire to keep American history alive by having the first Civil War Era Reenactment and GAR Heritage Encampment in Boscobel, WI. It has been reported that the hardy folks had such a good time, that, if the date was changed to more agreeable weather, they would tell their comrades and continue to come to Boscobel. Thanks to the originators and dedicated reenactors ever since, the event had grown to become one of the ten best Civil War Era reenactments in the country! Attracting nearly 1,000 participants and over 8,000 spectators each year, guests annually come from across the nation and several foreign countries to attend this interactive educational event. Civil War era activities for the weekend include a ladies garden party, fashion show, ball, pie social, children's activities, music programs, church service, first person impressions, medical history demonstrations, workshops, sutlers vending period goods and garments, guided tours of the Union, Confederate and civilian camps, military drills, and, of course, the popular battle reenactments. Both the North and the South are well represented with infantry, cavalry, artillery and medical units along with camp followers and civilian sympathizers on both sides. See the schedule of activities for a complete guide to the weekend activities and the Photo Gallery with images from previous years. Please thank our supporters and patronize our sponsoring businesses while in Boscobel. GAR HallThe Muskets and Memories event honors and supports Boscobel's John McDermott Post #101, Grand Army of the Republic Hall, the last active Hall in Wisconsin, and one of only a few Halls nationwide with a continuously active history. The Hall is a repository of rare Civil War memorabilia that will be open to the public during the event. A portion of the event proceeds each year are donated to the preservation of the hall and its contents. The Hall is home to the Women's Relief Corps, Post #32 that has been primarily responsible for its continuing operation during the years since the demise of the GAR. The Hall is also home to the L. G. Armstong Camp #49 of the Sons of the Union Veterans of the Civil War. The American Civil War Shooting Assn., (ACWSA), hosts a concurrent live-fire meet at the Sportsman's Club. Participants in period dress fire Civil War shoulder arms at targets, both as individuals and teams. The ACWSA also offers spectators the opportunity to fire a CW musket for a nominal donation to the GAR Hall. This activity takes place on Friday afternoon and Saturday morning. Immediately following the Saturday afternoon battle reenactment, there is a live-fire competition for cannons and a Gatling gun and Punt Gun demonstration at the club. The Gatling gun, predecessor of the modern machine gun, saw very limited action near the end of the Civil War. Civil War reenactment UW-Platteville offers college credit to persons participating in this event. Reenacting units will recruit, equip, and train candidates who then earn credit by participating in the unit's weekend activities. Credit is available to undergrad and graduate students as well as recertifying teachers. For more information about this program, please contact the UW- Platteville Office of Continuing Education, Rich Morgan at 1-608-342-1347 or e-mail morganr@uwplatt.edu. This activity-filled weekend event has become a favorite for families as well as the serious history buff. General admission is $10 per day, age 7 - 12 is $4, and under age 7 is free. Group, family, and weekend rates are available. For lodging, camping, RV parking and other area information please contact the Chamber at (608) 375-2672 or chamber@boscobelwisconsin.com. For more information, please see the schedule of activities or contact us. Jim
  8. The only Peterman I can find in the WI roster, http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=N:4294963828-4294963805&dsRecordDetails=R:CS4267, served in the 2nd cavalry. She must have enlisted under an assumed name, which would make a pension search difficult. I did find where she received a head wound, but it didn't lead to her being discovered. Jim
  9. From the Wisconsin State Journal: http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/odd-wisconsin-wisconsin-woman-slipped-into-civil-war-era-infantry/article_84565801-c4da-53c2-9732-5d2d1ead1401.html Wisconsin women in the military today follow in the footsteps of some dedicated — and clever — predecessors. During the Civil War, women were forbidden from serving, but that didn’t stop a few from disguising themselves as men and joining up. In March 1864, the Platteville newspaper reported, as if it were nothing odd, “the return from the army of Miss Georgianna Peterman.” It goes on to say that “Miss Peterman has been for two years a drummer in the Seventh Wisconsin [infantry]. She lives in Ellenboro, Wis., is about twenty years old, wears soldier clothes, and is quiet and reserved.” She may be the woman called Belle Peterson who was described many years later in Ethel Hurn’s book “Wisconsin Women in the War Between the States.” “A soldier who saw her at that time, says that she was ‘just an ordinary girl, neither good nor bad looking,’ ” Hurn wrote. “But she was adventurous, and one day surprised her father by telling him that she was going away from home for some time. “Her family learned later that she had enlisted in a Wisconsin regiment. The date of her enlistment is not certain, but it was probably late in 1862; she served in the army for some time, possibly as a spy or a scout. Those who saw her in her uniform, say that she made a fair-looking soldier, and that no one would have suspected that she was a woman.” During the months she served, the Seventh Infantry fought at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. — Wisconsin Historical Society Jim
  10. This is discrimination! Why no contest for the photographically inept?!?!?!? Jim
  11. From the CWT Newsletter: 2015 Civil War Trust Annual Photo Contest War DepartmentPhoto Contest Show us your best Civil War battlefield photos! The Civil War Trust is proud to announce the launch of our Annual Photo Contest. Entries accepted until August 1st. Jim
  12. The Minnehaha again. That was the boat that Gov. Harvey was attempting to board when he fell into the river and drown. Jim
  13. Well, if it's on youtube, it must be true. If I'm in a room with 100 people and I'm the only one who drinks, wouldn't make me an alcoholic, just the happiest person in the room. Jim
  14. Ozzy: "Changed his name at West Point: (what kind of man does that?)" I believe it was the people at West Point who filled his name in incorrectly. "Possibly alcoholic;" I don't believe Grant was. Alcoholics have a terrible desire to have a drink NOW. I never saw that in Grant. He tended to drink when he was bored and lonely (missing Miss Julia). I also believe he was what we call "A light weight" in Wisconsin. The man could not hold his alcohol for darn. Or. as a buddy calls it, a cheap drunk. Jim
  15. Ozzy, I think Prentiss made numerous mistakes all day on the 1st day. He ignored way too many warnings about the impending attack. Refused at first to believe that it was happening. When he ordered his regiments out to line up, he sent them out too far, allowing gaps to develop. Failed to understand that more than just Shaver's Brigade was in his front, ordering a flanking movement to the right, opening his regiments to flanking fire from Gladden's Brigade. Upon ordering his men to abandon their camps, he fled north, not stopping until he started finding some of his men near the resupply area (near where the MI Monument is). He then brought them back up to the Sunken Road, where he found the 16th and Col. Allen. Allen seemed to find a good reason to get out from under his command, and then proceeded to join Hurlbut's Div. And last, but not least, in the end in the Hornest Nest, he failed to recognized that he was being flanked, and then surrounded, causing the useless capture of 2200 men. I don't believe he was a hero, just good post battle press. Jim
  16. Ozzy: "9am Prentiss (for rallying his 500 troops, after making a timely call for reinforcements)" At 9AM, Prentiss, on his horse, rode into the 16th WI camp (their 3rd battle site), ordered them to fall back into the trees, fighting as they go. The last the 16th saw of him until he joined them in the Hornets Nest was the south end of his horse heading north. Not exactly the stuff of heroes, IMO. Jim
  17. I was in Washington in May of 2000 on business. As I always do, I spent a lot of time in the National Archives. My business rapped up early on my last day there, so I spent all morning pouring over microfiche. Just as I figured I had enough time to get to the hotel, have a quick chili dog and a beer, grab my luggage and head for the airport, I found a roll full of 16th WI info. Usually I scroll through and just print out relevant parts, but I had no time, so I copied the whole thing. Back at the hotel, I was reading some of it while eating the chili dog. Evidently my face must have given away my surprise as the waitress asked if I was OK. I had to explain to her what the Grand Review was and that I had just discovered that 135 years previous, to the day, my Grandfather and the 16th was parading down Pennsylvania Ave., which was 30 yards away from where I was sitting. Funny how some of the littlest things will thrill me to my toes! Jim
  18. Mona, "ive had these pics for several years but still do knot know how to go about sharing them.." I'll bring my scanner when I come down this fall and I'll teach ya how to drive the world crazy with old photos. Jim
  19. Bruce, I just got a Jumbo Map Case, 27 x 36, and the trailshead map fits fine: Now I have to wonder if I have a smaller version of the map?? I was a little disappointed there were no metal grommet holes for hanging on the wall, but a couple of clips from an old pair of suspenders served. Recycling lives! Jim
  20. I'll tip my hat to the Navy on this one! From Yahoo News: http://news.yahoo.com/navy-divers-help-raise-confederate-warship-artifacts-144505726.html By BROCK VERGAKIS NORFOLK, Va. (AP) — The Navy is preparing to send one if its premier diving teams to Georgia to help salvage a Confederate warship from the depths of the Savannah River. Before it ever fired a shot, the 1,200 ton ironclad CSS Georgia was scuttled by its own crew to prevent its capture by Gen. William T. Sherman when his Union army took Savannah in December 1864. Today, it's considered a captured enemy vessel and is property of the U.S. Navy. The shipwreck is being removed as part of a $703 million project to deepen the river channel so larger cargo ships can reach the Port of Savannah. Before the harbor can be deepened, the CSS Georgia has to be raised. After years of planning, archaeologists began tagging and recording the locations of thousands of pieces from the shipwreck in January. They've been able to bring smaller artifacts to the surface, but the Navy is being called in to raise the 120-foot-long ship's larger sections and weapons. Navy divers are scheduled to arrive at the site near downtown Savannah about 100 yards from the shore on June 1. The Navy divers assigned to the project are from the same unit that's had some of the military's highest profile salvage operations. That includes the Civil War ironclad USS Monitor, TWA Flight 800, Swiss Air Flight 111, as well as the space shuttles Challenger and Columbia. Divers from the Virginia Beach-based Mobile Diving Salvage Unit 2 also provided damage assessments and repairs on the USS Cole following the terrorist attack on it in Yemen in 2000 and pulled up wreckage from an F-16 that crashed off the eastern shore of Virginia in 2013. In Georgia, Navy divers will pull up parts of the ship's armor systems, steam engine components and small structure pieces. They'll eventually be sent to one of the U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command's repositories and Conservation Research Laboratory at Texas A&M University in College Station, Texas. "The desire to maintain the ship in somewhat of a conservable state is one of the primary concerns. That's a little bit different from typical salvage. Often times, aside from human remains or things like a flight data recorder, it's simply object recovery. It's bringing it up safely and disposing of it. Whereas these artifacts will be preserved for future generations," said Chief Warrant Officer Jason Potts, the on-scene commander for the CSS Georgia operation. The weapons, which include four cannons and about 50 projectiles that are either rifle shells or cannon balls, will be handled by explosive ordnance disposal technicians from Kings Bay, Georgia. Potts said the weapons systems would be removed first, then divers would focus on the propeller and main shaft, portions of its steam machinery and large portions of the ship's armored encasement. The armor for the ship, which was anchored off Fort Jackson as a floating gun battery, was made out of railroad iron. Archaeologists will still make sure there are no other remnants remaining after the Navy divers leave at the end of July. Work to preserve and catalog all of the individual artifacts is expected to take another year or more. Brock Vergakis can be reached at www.twitter.com/BrockVergakis Jim
  21. The second day of the Grand Review was the last military operation the 16th WI & my Grandfather did. Jim
  22. From Sherman's memoirs: During the afternoon and night of the 23d, the Fifteenth, Seventeenth, and Twentieth Corps, crossed Long Bridge, bivouacked in the streets about the Capitol, and the Fourteenth Corps closed up to the bridge. The morning of the 24th was extremely beautiful, and the ground was in splendid order for our review. The streets were filled with people to see the pageant, armed with bouquets of flowers for their favorite regiments or heroes, and every thing was propitious. Punctually at 9 A.M. the signal-gun was fired, when in person, attended by General Howard and all my staff, I rode slowly down Pennsylvania Avenue, the crowds of men, women, and children, densely lining the sidewalks, and almost obstructing the way. We were followed close by General Logan and the head of the Fifteenth Corps. When I reached the Treasury-building, and looked back, the sight was simply magnificent. The column was compact, and the glittering muskets looked like a solid mass of steel, moving with the regularity of a pendulum. We passed the Treasury building, in front of which and of the White House was an immense throng of people, for whom extensive stands had been prepared on both sides of the avenue. As I neared the brick-house opposite the lower corner of Lafayette Square, some one asked me to notice Mr. Seward, who, still feeble and bandaged for his wounds, had been removed there that he might behold the troops. I moved in that direction and took off my hat to Mr. Seward, who sat at an upper window. He recognized the salute, returned it, and then we rode on steadily past the President, saluting with our swords. All on his stand arose and acknowledged the salute. Then, turning into the gate of the presidential grounds, we left our horses with orderlies, and went upon the stand, where I found Mrs. Sherman, with her father and son. Passing them, I shook hands with the President, General Grant, and each member of the cabinet. As I approached Mr. Stanton, he offered me his hand, but I declined it publicly, and the fact was universally noticed. I then took my post on the left of the President, and for six hours and a half stood, while the army passed in the order of the Fifteenth, Seventeenth, Twentieth, and Fourteenth Corps. It was, in my judgment, the most magnificent army in existence--sixty-five thousand men, in splendid physique, who had just completed a march of nearly two thousand miles in a hostile country, in good drill, and who realized that they were being closely scrutinized by thousands of their fellow-countrymen and by foreigners. Division after division passed, each commander of an army corps or division coming on the stand during the passage of his command, to be presented to the President, cabinet, and spectators. The steadiness and firmness of the tread, the careful dress on the guides, the uniform intervals between the companies, all eyes directly to the front, and the tattered and bullet-ridden flags, festooned with flowers, all attracted universal notice. Many good people, up to that time, had looked upon our Western army as a sort of mob; but the world then saw, and recognized the fact, that it was an army in the proper sense, well organized, well commanded and disciplined; and there was no wonder that it had swept through the South like a tornado. For six hours and a half that strong tread of the Army of the West resounded along Pennsylvania Avenue; not a soul of that vast crowd of spectators left his place; and, when the rear of the column had passed by, thousands of the spectators still lingered to express their sense of confidence in the strength of a Government which could claim such an army. Some little scenes enlivened the day, and called for the laughter and cheers of the crowd. Each division was followed by six ambulances, as a representative of its baggage-train. Some of the division commanders had added, by way of variety, goats, milch-cows, and pack-mules, whose loads consisted of game-cocks, poultry, hams, etc., and some of them had the families of freed slaves along, with the women leading their children. Each division was preceded by its corps of black pioneers, armed with picks and spades. These marched abreast in double ranks, keeping perfect dress and step, and added much to the interest of the occasion. On the whole, the grand review was a splendid success, and was a fitting conclusion to the campaign and the war. Jim
  23. And for Wisconsin: http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/Content.aspx?dsNav=N:4294963828-4294963805&dsRecordDetails=R:CS4267 Jim
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