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Ozzy last won the day on August 4

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About Ozzy

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    Reynella, South Australia
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    Family history research, car restoration with daughter, travel...
    Welcome to my SDG page: the image at top is of Dubuque's Governor's Greys, which became Company 'I' of First Iowa Vol. Inf. Regt. (Uniform worn Battle of Wilson's Creek, 1861.)
    My book, 'Falling through the Hornet's Nest' (Martin Samuels) is now available at Amazon.com as ebook. My book 'Shiloh was a Sham: the untold story of the iconic Civil War Battle,' explaining how Shiloh fit into Lincoln and Stanton's grand scheme, became available April 2016, on Amazon as e-book. My latest project, 'The Struggle for Pensacola, 1860 - 1862' is slated for completion NOV 2020.

    I can be contacted at bzmax03@chariot.net.au by any SDG member so inclined.

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  1. One of the few remaining Staff officers remaining to be identified held the position of Scout. On review of “The Life of General Albert Sidney Johnston” by his son, Wm. Preston Johnston (1880) on page 554 that man is identified as Major B. B. Waddell. In addition, in a 3 APR 1862 communication from MGen Bragg, Chief of Staff to MGen Hardee (see below), reference is made to the same man: “Captain Waddell, of General Beauregard's staff, with two guides will report to you.” Not specifically assigned to General Johnston, Major Waddell appears to have become “Chief Scout for the Army of the Mississippi.” http://shilohdiscussiongroup.com/topic/42-correspondence-confederate-april-3-1862/?tab=comments#comment-177 mention of Waddell. Entry at NPS: https://www.nps.gov/civilwar/search-soldiers-detail.htm?soldierId=973F6ADC-DC7A-DF11-BF36-B8AC6F5D926A Entry page 170 https://archive.org/stream/cu31924030921096#page/170/mode/2up of "Confederate Staff Officers" has Captain B. B. Waddell indicated as "VADC to General Beauregard 6 APR 1862."
  2. As for shirkers at Shiloh, the two States besmirched: Tennessee and Ohio. Tennessee was pointedly mentioned in a Letter from Mrs. Bragg to General Bragg (and in a subsequent letter, he agreed with her observation.) Tennessee also suffered from “that regiment” that even Breckinridge and Isham Harris could not control... leading to General Johnston trying his hand... leading to the General's death. On the Federal side, Ohio was the one that had to overcome the bad reputation: EVERYONE knew about the 53rd Ohio and their Colonel, who told them to, “Run and save yourselves.” And in front of Brigadier General Hurlbut, Myer's 13th Ohio Light Artillery deserted its six guns immediately after a lucky hit from Rebel Artillery (thought to be Robertson's) exploded their ammunition chest. And there was the 71st Ohio (Rodney Mason), which was supposed to be with Stuart on the far left... but no one could recall seeing them. And of course, Buell's Army of the Ohio received bad press outside of Ohio for arriving at Savannah DAYS later than he should have... [This caused unexpected enmity, because many soldiers from Ohio claimed it was IOWA soldiers who were at the waterfront in their thousands; and that IOWA regiments had been captured at sunrise in Prentiss' Camp.] It is wrong to paint “everyone from there” with the same brush, but it is human nature. [In the case of “Prentiss was captured early in the day,” it took him many months to retrieve his reputation – and the reputations of soldiers captured with him – after the incorrect reports in newspapers circulated... everywhere. And he and 2000 others were stuck in POW camps until OCT/ NOV 1862, without ability to address those charges.] [Also interesting to note: both William T. Sherman and Ulysses S. Grant were originally from Ohio; yet both avoided the "Ohio Tar Brush" that appeared at Shiloh.]
  3. Joseph Rich was obviously biased against Lew Wallace: a man whose Division had been promised to the 12th Iowa all day, yet failed to deliver. [Although not delivered to POW Camp, Joseph Rich was captured with many other wounded men -- perhaps as many as 300 -- yet left behind, mostly in the Camp of the 3rd Iowa, because it was too much trouble to remove wounded prisoners that could not walk from the battlefield. Two other captured wounded known to have been left behind: David W. Reed (Father of Shiloh NMP) and BGen WHL Wallace.] Lew Wallace's Division had been promised to most of the other Shiloh defenders, as well. [Apparently, LtCol James B. McPherson knew where Lew Wallace was going to be installed... but he arrived too late, and remained on the far right of the Union line, where the Third Division started Day Two.]
  4. Major Dudley Haydon reached Richmond end of April/ early May 1862. He carried with him 1) a Letter from Brigadier General William Preston to Johnston's son dated 18 APR 1862, 2) his Diary (from at least January, perhaps back to OCT 1861 when he joined General Johnston's Staff at Bowling Green) 3) eye-witness accounts of General Johnston's death from the other members of Staff, 4) knowledge of Staff meetings and Councils of War in the days leading up to Shiloh, 5) knowledge of General Johnston that he could share with Wm. P. Johnston (who had not seen his Father since SEP 1861). Either with the help of reporters, or on his own, Major Haydon's “Rough Notes of the Battle of Shiloh” appeared in 3 May 1862 edition of Richmond Daily Dispatch, Front Page, center column. General Beauregard's courier-delivered report was not printed by Richmond Daily Dispatch until 10 May (and was on page 2, running three columns in length.) [Shortly after placing Colonel W. P. Johnston "on his Staff," President Davis also gave the Colonel his own room in the Executive Mansion. Therefore, I believe anything Dudley Hayden shared with W. P. Johnston was shared with President Davis.] As for that June 1862 meeting between Colonel W. P. Johnston and General Beauregard in Mobile (after the General's removal from command, replaced by Bragg) ...THAT would have been one uncomfortable discussion.
  5. Thanks for the above information, especially about Baylor: been collecting as many details of Albert Sidney Johnston's Staff as possible http://shilohdiscussiongroup.com/topic/1901-albert-sidney-johnstons-staff/?tab=comments#comment-14303 primarily because of the Beauregard vs. Jefferson Davis feud, and the role of General Johnston's staff in white-anting General Beauregard, helping facilitate his removal from command in June 1862. [One particularly fascinating character is Dudley Haydon (sometimes spelled Hayden) of Kentucky. He hand-delivered material to President Davis at Richmond after attending General Johnston's funeral in New Orleans that contradicted General Beauregard's Shiloh Battle Report. But after arriving at Richmond early May 1862, he disappears from the record until years after the war, back in Kentucky.]
  6. The old link appears to be disabled; this is the new link: http://www.lib.uiowa.edu/spec-coll/msc/ToMsC950/MsC906/CivilWarCollection.html [Scroll down 1/4 page.] “Sunday, April 6th. It has been a pleasant day so far as weather is concerned but extremely unpleasant on account of the shell, shot, and bullets flying so profusely. The rebels attacked our advance about six o’clock A.M. Our regiment was not called out until about ½ past 7 oclock. We formed in line of battle soon after leaving our camp and met the enemy (who had driven our advance divisions back) about ¾ of a mile from our camp. The battle was tremendious and we were under continual fire till dark. The secesh flanked us and caused us to fall back and finally drove us back nearly to the river, but we checked them by well aimed shots from our gun boats and siege guns on the hill above the landing. Firing closed about dark and we lay on our arms all night in a drenching rain. Buell reinforced us during the night. “Monday, April 7th. Buell took the advance this morning and at early dawn the ball opened again with fresh vigor on our side for our boys were determined to drive them over the ground we lost yesterday. Cheered on by reinforcements the old troops took fresh vigor and by four P.M. they were entirely routed and made a hasty retreat leaving us in possession of the field and many of their cannon. The field is covered all over with killed and wounded. I look over a portion of the field and Oh, the suffering to be seen. I went back to the old camp and am in my own tent once more safe but it looks lonesome for many of our boys are not here and we know not what has become of them. It has been rainy all day and rains very hard tonight." [Above two diary entries found at University of Iowa Libraries. Private Turner Bailey (school teacher before the War) assisted General Prentiss with the rest of the Third Iowa until just before the position collapsed. Some of the Third Iowa (Major Stone and Captain O'Neill, along with perhaps thirty other members) were taken prisoner. Bailey made it to Grant's Last Line.]
  7. The primary source for prisoner identification of John Hunt Morgan at Corinth on 7 April 1862 is 1st Lieutenant Joseph B. Dorr, QM for the 12th Iowa Infantry who was captured with most of the rest of his regiment at Hell's Hollow about 5:30 p.m. on April 6th. Dorr had been a newspaperman with Dubuque Herald before the war, and indicates in his diary: "I saw and conversed with the celebrated Captain John Morgan [on Monday afternoon]. He was pointed out to me by a young man in the crowd... He talked with several prisoners, but my informant said he did not wish to have us know him." [Found on pages 96 - 97 of A Perfect Picture of Hell (2001) edited by Genoways & Genoways; University of Iowa Press.]
  8. As for Colonel Worthington's 46th Ohio: that officer had a “personality clash” with fellow Ohian William T. Sherman. And Worthington ultimately was subjected to Court Martial AUG 1862. I would not be surprised that Worthington submitted a report... that was never submitted by General Sherman (or which was presented at the Court Martial, and suppressed, by being included in the Court Martial file.) Also, Sherman wrote his official Shiloh report extremely quickly; finished it before Halleck arrived 11 April 1862, despite being actively engaged in the field thru 8 April. But, as regards the 46th Ohio: After the war, Colonel Thomas Worthington was able to provide a detailed account of Shiloh due to the fact he kept a detailed diary. See https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hx4u5n&view=1up&seq=40 "History of 46th OVI" by Col. T. Worthington. Worthington indicates on 39th page of above work [marked as 11] that at 3 p.m. on 6 April he was ordered to deliver a report to General Grant, and found him at dinner aboard the Tigress. On the 40th page [marked as 12] Colonel Worthington indicates he was back at the Landing 5 p.m. and was ordered by General Grant to “return to the battle-line, and keep the troops well up in front.” There is no report from Worthington concerning location or action of 46th Ohio on Day Two; and McDowell's report indicates “fragments of regiments assigned to his brigade joined other commands on Day Two (April 7).” Atwell Thompson's 1900 map does not indicate location of the 46th Ohio on Day Two. None of the 46th Ohio killed, wounded or captured at Shiloh are indicated as anything besides “6 April 1862” in Adjutant General records for Ohio: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112047586000&view=1up&seq=366&size=125 Other Thomas Worthington references: https://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Worthington%2C Thomas%2C 1807-1884 The definite location of 46th OVI on Day Two remains undetermined. Likely locations: company-sized groups served in support of other regiments; shirkers hiding at Pittsburg Landing; battalion-sized unit acting as support for artillery on Grant's Last Line...
  9. Confederate Roles Another way to attempt to determine unit locations is “back to front” ...what roles were accomplished 6/7 April that might require use of a particular unit? These roles come to mind: bodyguard/ escort for body of General Johnston's return to Corinth. [Seven officers – members of Johnston's Staff – were in company; likely Ran Hughes drove the wagon (conjecture). But a company of cavalry was also likely included...] courier/ telegraph message delivery service to/ from Corinth. General Johnston (and after his death, PGT Beauregard) received/ transmitted numerous telegrams during the battle. And a force would have been left at Corinth to direct any of Van Dorn's late-arriving troops north. Prisoner escort south. Units had to remove Federal soldiers to the rear evening of 4 APR/ early 5 APR after Friday Picket skirmish; prisoners taken early 6 APR from vicinity of Prentiss' Camp; prisoners taken early from Sherman's initial lines and pickets; and the 1800 or so captured and removed from the Hornet's Nest/ Hell's Hollow [four distinct operations that reached Corinth at different times] Cavalry operation as “straggler patrol.” At least one cavalry unit would be required in rear of Confederate Army during 6/7 April to “redirect” stragglers; Stragglers. Two States were “notorious” for straggling. Likely at least two regiments “mostly disappeared” to the rear. Just a thought... Ozzy
  10. In March/ April 1864 a massive inspection of Confederate Artillery was conducted by BGen W. N. Pendleton, Chief of Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia as ordered by General Samuel Cooper. The results of that inspection, listing names of batteries, names of commanders (and other significant officers), battles engaged, losses incurred, current requirements, date and location of initial muster are to be found in OR ser.1 vol.32 (part 3) pages 684 - 709. The best collection of information, confirming the presence at Shiloh of particular artillery is included in Notes of the report attributed to LtCol J. H. Hallonquist (pages 697 - 709) although the earlier pages of the report (684 - 697) also contain details of batteries known to have been at Shiloh. This link works well: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=coo1.ark:/13960/t9g458x7p&view=1up&seq=690 [OR 32 pt3 pp.684 - 709].
  11. Ozzy

    Trained at West Point

    Trained at West Point CSA Officers In conjunction with the above post on Jefferson Davis, this record is now available (with obvious Shiloh connections): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Confederate_States_Army_officers_educated_at_the_United_States_Military_Academy [Wikipedia... just imagine.]
  12. The reason Staff Officers are of value, is that they tended to remain with their General while the action was taking place, writing reports, operating as couriers... Often, by tracking the Staff Officer, the whereabouts of the General at particular points in time are revealed. And in the case of Cleburne at Shiloh, he was likely also in contact with couriers/ Staff sent from MGen Hardee.
  13. Had another look at OR 10 page 578 (Report of Major James Martin, 7th Arkansas) and a close read indicates the 7th Arkansas was involved with the effort against a battery on Review Field (encouraged by General Hindman) then moved directly to the southerly edge or western edge of Duncan Field. No further comment is made of BGen Hindman, which indicates the 7th Arkansas was unaware what became of him. But if Hindman was wounded "about the same time that LtCol Dean fell," then the incident most likely took place in vicinity of Duncan Field. My educated guess... Ozzy
  14. I agree: the maps start off well, then drift off the grid... much like Cleburne's own brigade. As for the CWLA, they were active ten years ago, then went quiet... then after a silence of about two years, they were up and posting maps again. I am hoping they return, and soon: their work is excellent, and they were expanding onto other battlefields. As for Patrick Cleburne, he had an experience at Shiloh mirrored on the opposite side by Jesse Hildebrand: beginning with a brigade, each command dwindled to something little more than the horse being ridden by the commander [apologies to Hank.] The problem with tracking a division at Shiloh: does the division still exist when the individual elements go their separate ways [think Prentiss' Sixth Division]? Same with attempting to follow the career of a brigade, and we are left with a single man (the commander). Are we tracking a brigade, or just its leader? To trace the movements of Patrick Cleburne (the man) during Day One at Shiloh, I would try finding the names of all of his staff officers, and see if any of those wrote letters that still exist, or a diary [only Major J. K. Dixon (Asst Adj and Inspector General), and Powhatan Ellis,Jr. (AAG) are listed.] I would see if any Patrick Cleburne letters from April, May or June are available. Then, I would determine his movements during the month or two previous to Shiloh and see with whom he was in frequent contact, especially if they were also at Shiloh (and survived the experience.) Someone has to have seen him during Day One, and wrote about it: cavalry officer? artillery officer?
  15. Grant at Shiloh (2020) While searching for something else, ran across this May 2020 YouTube post of Grant at Shiloh.This is my critique of the 10-minute video: first 2 minutes: too much focus on “reorganizing stragglers at the Landing” 2 – 3 minute mark: good reminder Grant was telling his commanders, “Wallace is coming” 3 – 4 mark: Sherman and Grant teamwork 4 – 5 mark: Lew Wallace got lost... 5 – 6 mark: “trade space (terrain) for time” 5 – 6 mark: “Hold your position at all hazards” Grant tells to everyone [not specifically to Brigadier General Prentiss] 5 – 7 mark: any mention of the Hornet's Nest/ Sunken Road is edited out. Battle of Shiloh progresses from “Sherman's strong stand” to “Confederates fail to exit the Dill Branch Ravine and attack Grant's Last Line” 6 – 7 mark: “Whip 'em tomorrow, though” ...and the Navy contributes; 7 – 8 mark: Union attacks Day Two 8 – 9 mark: Beauregard orders the withdrawal back to Corinth. 9 – 10 mark: Union Victory won, at the cost of massive casualties. Final minute: The lesson of Shiloh. “The war will be longer, harder and involve more casualties than previously imagined.” My criticisms: No mention of Powell, Peabody, Prentiss. No mention of the stand of Hurlbut, Prentiss and WHL Wallace (at whatever name the location goes by this week...) No mention of Lew Wallace's contribution on Day Two. The same, tired “Lew Wallace got lost” dusted off and rolled out. No mention of Grant arriving at the battlefield over three hours after first contact. No mention of “NO defensive works.” No mention of, “DO NOT bring on a general engagement.” No mention of Grant and Buell dividing the battlefield on Day Two... Summary: my ancestors would not recognize this rendition of the Battle of Shiloh: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L6hehVbFYG8 Ozzy
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