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Ozzy

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Ozzy last won the day on October 10

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About Ozzy

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    Male
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    Reynella, South Australia
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    Writer
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    Family history research, car restoration, travel...
    Welcome to my SDG page: the image at top is of Dubuque's Governor's Greys, which became Company 'I' of First Iowa Vol. Inf. Regt. (Uniform worn Battle of Wilson's Creek, 1861.)
    My book, Falling through the Hornet's Nest' (Martin Samuels) is now available at Amazon.com as ebook. My next book (focus on Henry Halleck 1861-62) entitled 'Shiloh was a Sham: the untold story of the iconic Civil War Battle,' will be available April 2016, on Amazon as e-book.

    I can be contacted at bzmax03@chariot.net.au by any SDG member so inclined.

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  1. Ozzy

    Who am I?

    For whatever reason, the Battle of Shiloh spawned Confederate veterans that gravitated towards “special operations,” with George Dixon and CSS Hunley, George P. Canning and CSS Shenandoah, and Jacob Thompson and the Canadian Cabinet... and this original member of Strawbridge's Louisiana and his special assignment. It would be difficult to find another battle that produced so many similar-minded individuals.
  2. Other considerations... 2 APR Lew Wallace's force moves towards Purdy. This “expedition” is misinterpreted and its size overstated, likely leading to initiation of Rebel advance from Corinth. 3 APR IAW orders dated April 2nd WHL Wallace is placed in temporary command of Smith's Second Division (and likely informed personally by Major General US Grant.) BGen Wallace writes his wife that day and informs her, “[he will move from the First Division to the Second Division] and assume command tomorrow.” 3 APR Lew Wallace tells US Grant of concern IRT possible Rebel move on him from Purdy. [This concern is repeated April 4th.] 3 APR Likely based on report that “the Tennessee River is falling” received from WT Sherman and Colonel Webster, General Grant orders rebuild of “Wallace Bridge” over Snake Creek. Colonel McPherson and a work party from the Second Division spend all day Friday rebuilding the bridge, with only the approaches remaining to be attached. [Without approaches, it would be extremely difficult to move artillery onto, and off of the bridge.] 3 APR Probing scout sent towards Monterey before dawn Thursday, authorized by Sherman (involving 5th Ohio cavalry and in conjunction with 54th Ohio, an attempt to ambush CSA cavalry.) Ambush unsuccessful; but several rebels captured [Papers of USG vol.5 p.5]. 3 APR Telegraph line from Savannah to Waynesboro completed, with first contact with General Bull Nelson that evening [Nelson is informed that his advance party has arrived.] As efforts to get telegraph to function are underway, US Grant is likely present at the shop on Main Street Savannah during much of Thursday and Friday observing events, and sending/receiving sample messages. References: SDG “Not just pictures...” post of 5 July 2017 [“Report of Special Correspondent of Cincinnati Gazette” dated 1 April 1862, which was published April 4th.] SDG “General Johnston, an 1885 Disagreement” post of 23 AUG 2019 [details move of Wallace towards Purdy on April 2nd and Confederate response.] Papers of US Grant vol.5 page 3 [General Nelson's advance in sight.] Papers of US Grant vol.5 pp.11 – 12 [April 4 report of Hammond to Rawlins.]
  3. [Life & Letters of WHL Wallace page 191.] The above report of an occurrence Saturday afternoon, 5 April 1862 is indicative of the information that will be revealed when "The Diary of I. P. Rumsey" is published...
  4. Mona Thanks for having a look at this topic, and I agree with your start time (2 – 2:30pm) and your list of Union forces that participated appears to be complete (48th OVI (one man, 1/LT Geer, serving as Staff officer to General Buckland) and 72nd OVI (of Sherman's Fifth Division) Buckland's 4th Brigade. 5th Ohio Cavalry, Co's B & H. And the Picket engaged belonged to the 70th OVI.) The events of April 4th had potential to develop into something more momentous, and yet the gunfire that erupted could NOT be heard at Crump's Landing; and many of the forces camped north and east of Sherman's Division were unaware that anything unusual had taken place that Friday afternoon.
  5. Belfoured Thanks for your continued interest in Pfaender and Peebles and Munch's Battery. I have attempted to find primary sources that confirm your claims, but without success. There is indeed “a mystery” concerning WHO commanded the section of howitzers during the Chickasaw Bluff recon (Pfaender claims he did; but there is an almost complete lack of a roster of participants in that expedition conducted by Sherman; and without knowing full details (i.e. did other officers of the battery go along; was anyone sick and left behind at Pittsburg Landing), all that can be made are assumptions.) These are the best references I have run across with significant mention of the 1st Minnesota Light Artillery and its key players: “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (1890 – 93) [contains details not in 2005.] “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (2005) [contains info not in 1890 version.] OR 10 parts 1 and 2 OR 52 part 1 Minnesota Historical Society http://www.mnopedia.org/group/first-battery-minnesota-light-artillery http://libguides.mnhs.org/firstartillery 1st Minnesota Battery resources The Battle of Shiloh: the Union Armies (2019) by Lanny K. Smith Shiloh Discussion Group [a number of topics and posts on the SDG site, easily found by searching for “Minnesota” or “Munch” or “Pfaender” via Search Box at top of Home Page.] http://www2.mnhs.org/library/findaids/civwar04.pdf Report of the Shiloh Monument Commission William Pfaender http://www.mnopedia.org/person/pfaender-wilhelm-1826-1905 William Pfaender and New Ulm http://collections.mnhs.org/MNHistoryMagazine/articles/30/v30i01p024-035.pdf Brother of Mine: the Civil War Letters of Thomas and William Christie (2011). Cheers Ozzy
  6. The Weather and other References In a Letter dated 4 April 1862, Bugler Charles Dickey of Illinois reports the weather at Pittsburg Landing: “The weather is rather uncomfortable warm in the daytime, but the nights are delicious, just cool enough to sleep well.” BGen WHL Wallace in his Letter of 5 April to his wife reports the “skirmish in front of General Sherman's division,” and recalls, “last night brought storm and rain.” Confederate soldier L. I. Nixon, who began April 4th seven miles south of Shiloh Church recorded in his diary: “It commenced raining before day...” Lieutenant J.J. Geer reports “a torrent of rain” that fell on Friday afternoon, before sunset. General William Hardee, in his report following the April 4th Skirmish, recorded: “The rain fell in torrents, swelling streams to where they became impassible. Our planned overnight march [of 4/5 April] was cancelled.” Based on the above, it appears Friday, April 4th began with a clearing shower. The sun came out, and the day warmed (probably to the low 80s) before cloud and showers returned during the afternoon, turning into heavy rain and storms late in the evening, with rain persisting until daybreak on Saturday. [The same band of stormy weather allowed USS Carondelet to run the gauntlet at Island No.10 on Friday evening.] Here are a few other references that may be of use IRT Picket Skirmish of April 4th: SDG “Shiloh account, pre-battle patrols” by Stan Hutson on 20 AUG 2017. Geer, J.J. “A Yankee Loose in Dixie” (1862) pages 23 – 26 available online https://archive.org/stream/beyondlinesory00geer#page/25/mode/1up SDG “Correspondence (Union) – April 4, 1862” posted by Manassas 1 SDG “Correspondence (Union) – April 5, 1862” posted by Manassas 1 [especially reports from General Sherman and General Grant regarding events of that Friday.] OR 10 part 1 page 89 Report of U.S. Grant to General Halleck IRT Picket Skirmish OR 10 part 1 pages 89 – 90 Report of W. T. Sherman OR 10 part 1 pages 90 – 92 Report of Colonel Ralph Buckland http://dan-masters-civil-war.blogspot.com/2019/01/general-buckland-explains-battle-of.html Buckland comments on Picket Skirmish OR 10 part 1 page 93 and page 567 Reports of General William Hardee. William Posegate Letter of 11 APR 1862 at http://www.48ovvi.org/ Corporal William Srofe Letter of noon 4 April 1862 at http://www.48ovvi.org/ https://cmkinhuntercm.wordpress.com/category/1862/page/1/ SGT I. N. Carr 11th Iowa diary entry for 4 APR 1862 SDG “Another reporter's story” [Surgeon Frank Reilly knowledge of Picket Skirmish] https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1862-04-14/ed-1/seq-1/ Daily Chicago Tribune of 14 APR 1862 page one report of Surgeon Frank Reilly [with details of Picket Skirmish of April 4th.] https://archive.org/details/lifelettgeneral00wallrich/page/182 Life and Letters of WHL Wallace (especially pages 180 – 182.) https://pickusottawail.com/murals/general-w-h-l-wallace/ Recent mural added at Ottawa. https://archive.org/stream/recollectionswit00thomp#page/206/mode/2up SGT Seymour Thompson (3rd Iowa Infantry) recalls events of Friday, April 4th on pages 206 – 207. http://content.lib.auburn.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/civil/id/23854/rec/20 L.I. Nixon of the 26th Alabama records in his diary entry for April 4th, “We saw a bare-headed Union officer escorted to the rear (before sunset) and after sunset, picket firing was heard away to the east.”
  7. The Picket Skirmish of Friday, April 4th 1862 has been discussed “in passing” on the way to the more interesting and important Battle of Shiloh (which erupted Sunday morning, April 6th.) In many ways, this Picket Skirmish was a “dry run” for the Big Show on Sunday. We at SDG believe we are familiar with this skirmish, but are we? Here are a series of questions: What was the weather on 4 April 1862? What Federal forces were involved that Friday (actually engaged?) What Confederate forces were involved (actually engaged or fired rounds?) At what time on Friday did the first exchange of gunfire occur (to nearest half hour)? Who was the most senior Federal leader involved? Who was the most senior Federal leader to survey the ground on Friday? Who was the most senior Confederate leader involved (either at scene of action, or directing that action from the rear)? At what time did the “engagement” end (to nearest half hour)? At what time did Major General Grant meet with BGen W.T. Sherman on Friday? What action did Major General Grant order as result of the Picket Skirmish? How many total casualties resulted (USA and CSA)? Which of the Confederate prisoners taken on April 4th were interviewed by Grant? What happened to these “ten” Confederate prisoners? [Grant records 8 prisoners.] How many Federal prisoners were taken on April 4th? What happened to them? Can you answer them all?
  8. The above review of “Junius and Albert's Adventure” is pretty good... as far as it goes. Unfortunately, no one bothered to actually read the book (which was gifted to me a few days ago by my daughter, who found it in a bookshop in Castlemaine, Victoria.) Pages 25 – 41 detail Junius Browne and Albert Richardson reporting in the West, beginning in General Fremont's Missouri during Autumn of 1861. And the first revelation of significance to readers at SDG: the two reporters were present during the Fort Henry operation (Browne accompanied the marching infantry belonging to McClernand, while Richardson found a large tree, climbed high into its branches, and observed the fort vs. ironclads gunnery duel.) Afterwards, Albert Richardson returned to Cairo to send off his story; Junius Browne (despite injury due to accidental powder keg explosion) accompanied Grant's Army to Fort Donelson, and continued to report from the field, detailing actions of soldiers, and incidental meetings with local people and their views on the war. After the surrender of Buckner, Browne interviewed Confederate prisoners, and then returned to Cairo to send away his story (which was published over two PAGES in the New York Tribune of February 22, 1862.) Neither Browne nor Richardson was present for the Battle of Shiloh: Browne heard of an operation taking place in Arkansas, and hurried south to observe the action, but had only reached southern Missouri when the Battle of Pea Ridge took place. Not allowing lack of facts to get in the way of a good story, Junius Browne collected enough rumors concerning the battle, and “borrowed” information from rival reporter Thomas Knox, and in cooperation with Richard Colburn concocted a story of how “Siegel saved the Day at Pea Ridge” (and beat rival reporters to publish the full page report on Pea Ridge, first.) Afterwards, learning that “the next big event” was to take place at Island No.10 Browne rejoined Richardson and gained passage aboard a steamer bound for that Mississippi River confrontation... and both men missed the Battle of Shiloh. However, as mentioned in SDG post “Drawings” of 27 MAR 2018 Henri Villard met Richardson at Cairo on April 10 (Villard had travelled with Buell's Army of the Ohio, and observed much of Day Two firsthand.) After learning details from Henri Villard, Albert Richardson journeyed south, met with members of General Grant's staff, and was able to concoct a report on the Battle of Shiloh, which was submitted to the New York Tribune in late April. Browne and Richardson are next recorded aboard USS Benton on the Mississippi River, observing the Battle of Memphis of 6 June 1862...
  9. Welcome to Belfoured! In answer to your query, the following is offered: “James rifles were an early solution to the need for rifled artillery at the start of the war. Six-pounder bronze guns could be rifled to fire the projectiles invented by Charles T. James. Some were simply rifled from their initial 3.67" bore, others were reamed to 3.80" then rifled. Reaming to 3.80" was preferred to eliminate wear deformities from service.[26] Nomenclature for the two sizes could be muddled and varied, but the effective descriptions for the 3.67" are "rifled 6-pounder" or "12-pounder James rifle", while the 3.80" variant was known as the 14-pounder James rifle. To add to the confusion new bronze (and a few iron) variants of the 3.80" bore rifle (14-pounder James rifle) were also produced with a longer, heavier tube utilizing the Ordnance profile.” [Wikipedia “Civil War Artillery”]. From the above, a 3.80 inch rifled bore was referred to as “14-pounder.” Munch's four brass rifled guns were referred to as “6-pounder.” http://www.mnopedia.org/group/first-battery-minnesota-light-artillery This article also refers to Munch's Battery as “two 12-pound howitzer smoothbores and four 6-pound James rifles.” During the Battle of Shiloh, Lieutenant Pfaender took overall command of the Minnesota Battery upon the wounding of Captain Munch, and withdrew the battery to the rear. As the new line was being formed (Hurlbut's Division, with Prentiss's remnant extending west of Hurlbut) Lieutenant Pfaender reported to General Prentiss and was given position, with Peebles to the left, and Pfaender to the right [https://archive.org/stream/minnesotacivil01minnrich#page/642/mode/2up pp.642-4]. In Brother of Mine: the Civil War Letters of Thomas and William Christie, page 43 (notes) there is this description of Munch's Minnesota Battery: “The battery was divided into three 2-gun sections, with the Left Section (manned by the Christies) consisting of two 12-pound Howitzers...” On page 40 Thomas Christie indicates he was, “in the same section as Lieutenant Peebles.” Therefore, the conclusion is drawn that Peeble's section, to the left of Pfaender in the Hornet's Nest, operated the howitzers. Kindest Regards Ozzy
  10. Sphere and Ash, a 90-page booklet published 1888, attempted to tell the History of Baseball to the “present day” (Season of 1887.) Rounders is described as forerunner of baseball, and an effort to distinguish between Massachusetts Rules and New York Rules is included (with New York Rules published on pages 7 – 8.) The spread of New York Rules clubs from New York, to New Jersey, to Philadelphia, to Boston is detailed (and the arrival of New York Rules in Boston killed Massachusetts Rules within a few years.) Albert Spalding is featured page 11 as “President of the Chicago Baseball Club” (the White Stockings, today's Chicago Cubs.) Baltimore and Washington eventually field teams; and mention is made of “Baseball out West” (at Chicago and Rockford.) The Cincinnati Reds become the first Professional Team in 1869, and a competitive team is fielded in St. Louis. In 1871 the first “Championship Series” is attempted; and in 1874 “winning the Pennant” enters the National vocabulary. In 1875 the establishment of a Professional Baseball Organization attempts to keep gambling out of the sport (today's National League.) The arrival of the “curve ball” [attributed to Pitcher Arthur Cummings of the Brooklyn Stars] is discussed pp. 32 – 33. The change in pitching technique modernized the game (and forced the retirement of previously capable pitchers, unable to master the new delivery.) Soon, the straight ball, the slow ball, the fast ball, the “sinking fast ball” (called swift drop ball) and various styles of curve ball were common tools of the Pitcher. The “catcher's mask” (a modified fencing face mask) was introduced in the 1870s and Louisville Kentucky fielded a team. At the same time, an International Association was organized, with clubs from America competing against clubs from Ontario. And Baseball continued to expand west (to Kansas City) and south (into Virginia.) The final page of narrative, page 61, features Henry Chadwick: "The Father of Baseball." [No mention anywhere of Abner Doubleday; and the final twenty pages are advertisements.] "Sphere and Ash" goes a long way to connect the pre-Civil War game to the Modern game of Baseball. Available at Library of Congress: https://www.loc.gov/resource/dcmsiabooks.sphereashhistory00mors/?sp=5 .
  11. "How the Rebels went out, and We came In [to Nashville]" First of Nelson's force to enter; owner of the Flag flying over the State House. [From Gallipolis Journal of Ohio, 13 MAR 1862, page 2.]
  12. Tribute to General Jacob Lauman. From National Tribune of 21 OCT 1886 page 4 col.4.
  13. Why is the above information important? First, because it illustrates what happens to a Civil War battlefield if not properly protected (Dranesville, less than two miles east of Dulles International Airport, has been absorbed by suburban sprawl from Washington, D.C.) And second, if we accept that William T. Sherman, James B. McPherson, Philip Sheridan, EOC Ord, Grenville Dodge, and John Rawlins were members of Ulysses S. Grant's "Inner Circle" by 1864, then knowing when Grant first encountered these men, and became aware of the talents each one brought to his exclusive team is essential to understanding U.S. Grant, because Grant did not achieve greatness on his own. Like many capable leaders, U.S. Grant identified talent, and benefited from a willingness of the men comprising his Inner Circle to commit themselves to Grant and his vision for prosecuting the war. And with the exception of Grenville Dodge (who brought an intelligence collection network to Grant's team) all of the named men were known to General Grant by the time Henry Halleck departed Corinth for Washington, D.C.
  14. As anyone who has made the attempt knows, it is difficult to find a comprehensive story of Edward O. C. Ord's involvement, and contribution, to the Civil War. And details concerning Brigadier General Ord's first engagement, at Dranesville, Virginia, in December 1861, are especially difficult to unearth. The story of Dranesville is important to us at SDG because, although EOC Ord was not present at Battle of Shiloh, the loss of so many Union Generals (WHL Wallace, died from wound; B. M. Prentiss, captured; John P. Cook, forced to take sick leave; C.F. Smith, succumbed to infection of leg, injured in boat mishap) forced Henry Halleck to call for senior officers in the east to come West; and one of these was Major General Ord (who gained promotion to MGen due to the record of his performance at Battle of Dranesville.) MGen Ord arrived at Pittsburg Landing in June 1862 to replace the seriously unwell Thomas A. Davies as commander of the Second Division, Army of West Tennessee, but was soon installed as commander, Post of Corinth on 22 June 1862, replacing General George Thomas. Emerging Civil War has created a short video discussing the Battle of Dranesville with historian Ryan Quint, who intends to write a history of Ord and Dranesville over the next few years: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBBoIscEpt4 Emerging Civil War "Battle of Dranesville" by Ryan Quint, interviewed by Dan Welch.
  15. Ozzy

    Who am I?

    A hint: If you were informed of the location of this Agent of the Confederate Government's action, you would find his identity in 30 seconds at wikipedia. As it happened, he may have encouraged one prominent individual to join the circus...
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