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Ozzy

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Ozzy last won the day on October 8

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    Reynella, South Australia
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    Family history research, car restoration, travel...
    Welcome to my SDG page: the image at top is of Dubuque's Governor's Greys, which became Company 'I' of First Iowa Vol. Inf. Regt. (Uniform worn Battle of Wilson's Creek, 1861.)
    My book, Falling through the Hornet's Nest' (Martin Samuels) is now available at Amazon.com as ebook. My next book (focus on Henry Halleck 1861-62) entitled 'Shiloh was a Sham: the untold story of the iconic Civil War Battle,' will be available April 2016, on Amazon as e-book.

    I can be contacted at bzmax03@chariot.net.au by any SDG member so inclined.

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  1. Albert Sidney Johnston’s Staff Officers The following lists the Staff Officers of General Albert Sidney Johnston at Shiloh: AAG Capt. H. P. Brewster (replaced W. W. Mackall) AAG Capt. Nathaniel Wickcliffe (or Wickliffe or Wyckliffe) Chief of Staff MGen Braxton Bragg Chief of Engineers Major Jeremy Gilmer Asst Engineer Lt. Joseph Dixon (killed at Fort Donelson) Chief of Commissary Capt Thomas K. Jackson AQM Capt W. L. Wickham AQM Major Albert Smith Asst Inspector General Capt. Theodore O’Hara Chief of Artillery (acting) BGen James de Berty Trudeau Medical Director Surgeon D. W. Yandell Aide-de-Camp Lt. George Baylor Vol. Aide-de-Camp Lt. Thomas M. Jack Vol. Aide-de-Camp Major D. M. Haydon (or Hayden) VADC Governor Isham Harris VADC Col. William Preston VADC Dr. E. W. Munford VADC Major Calhoun Benham Scout/ intelligence xxx Telegraph operator (unknown) Bodyguard/ orderly (mentioned Life of ASJ page 615, but not named) Clerk xxx In addition to the above (found in D. W. Reed’s Battle of Shiloh, page 41, and Preston Johnston’s Life of Albert Sidney Johnston, there are other possible Staff and support officers to consider. Major General Bragg, in his role as Chief of Staff, may have made use of members of his own staff to conduct activities in support of the Army of the Mississippi (Captain S. H. Lockett, Engineer, is mentioned as “responsible for finding the other Federal Division (Stuart’s Brigade) further to the east,” Captain H. Oladowski likely performed the role of Chief of Ordnance (acting) and Surgeons Foard and Nott and Lyle were employed to the benefit of all.) General Beauregard also had Staff officers who performed functions for the Army of the Mississippi: BGen Trudeau was actually attached to Beauregard as VADC; Captain E. H. Cummins performed the role as Signals Officer; and Colonel B. H. Helm seems to have coordinated Scout and reconnaissance activities to the east (observing Buell) while “civilian volunteers” are mentioned as providing valuable intelligence of the terrain and camps in vicinity of Pittsburg Landing. And, of course, Governor George W. Johnson was attached to the Army of the Mississippi and “acted in support of Kentucky troops.”
  2. Stan The importance of the Staff officers accompanying General Johnston's body back to New Orleans (and subsequent role of two men in providing information regarding the Battle of Shiloh directly to President Jefferson Davis) is to be found below: Regards Ozzy
  3. Ozzy

    Grant's Shiloh Report

    Mona Having written this report on 9 April 1862, General Grant was aware of the attempted pursuit by Sherman (and Dickey's cavalry) on Tuesday. But, instead of recording that, "The attempted pursuit by Sherman was a failure," the effort was "spun" into the story incorporated in paragraphs 14 & 15 (in such a way that Sherman emerges as a heroic figure.) A fore-runner to a more fantastic report submitted by General Grant, just a few months later, in which Edward Ord is accorded credit for a battle -- in which he did not even participate -- this written commendation of Sherman by Grant provides proof that, "The pen is mightier than the sword." Cheers Ozzy Reference: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hwanm2;view=1up;seq=78 OR 17 part 1 pages 64 - 69 (Iuka).
  4. Ozzy

    17th Kentucky Diary-Lt. Sam Cox

    Derrick Remarkable diary, telling the story of an under-reported participant in Battle of Shiloh: Cruft's Brigade (original 13th Brigade of Buell's Army of the Ohio.) Thanks for sharing this Sam Cox diary with us! https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/38618423/preston-morton Captain Preston Morton, 17th Kentucky, Co. A All the best Ozzy
  5. Ozzy

    17th Kentucky Diary-Lt. Sam Cox

    Mona Good observation... it is interesting, what details are included (or omitted) from participant accounts. Perhaps Lieutenant Cox was so focused on attempting to save Captain Morton (and may have spent some of the evening aboard the steamer) that the gunboat firing just became part of the background noise? Regards Ozzy
  6. Ozzy

    Grant's Shiloh Report

    How “green” is Green? A number of interesting points are introduced by Stan in the above post: 1) Green troops; 2) the siting of the Sixth Division; 3) lack of preparation for attack by Confederates; 4) General Grant away at Savannah; and 5) the Lew Wallace brouhaha. 1) Although historians have attempted to brand all of the participants (North and South) at Shiloh as “green troops,” there was no one-size-fits-all in that contest. Some of Bragg’s troops had participated in the Battle of Santa Rosa Island (and others had been under fire from artillery during two prolonged gunnery duels at Pensacola.) The Sixth Division, as confirmed by Bjorn Skaptason, possessed both green troops (61st Illinois, 18th Wisconsin, 15th Michigan) and experienced regiments (25th Missouri, which fought at Lexington as 13th Missouri; 21st Missouri, which fought Battle of Athens and was involved in operations versus guerrillas; and 18th Missouri, which was involved in operations against guerrillas.) In addition, the artillery batteries belonging to Hickenlooper and Munch appear to have been knowledgeable in the operation of their equipment (unlike Myer’s Battery, belonging to Hurlbut’s Division.) 2) William Tecumseh Sherman, acting as Campground commander (in absence of General Charles F. Smith) made the assignments of camp sites, based upon supposed intention to commence a march, and conduct offensive action against Rebel troops in vicinity of Corinth: there was no serious contemplation of Rebel attack upon the campground at Pittsburg Landing. 3) Contributing to “false sense of security” at Pittsburg Landing: I believe that General Grant considered his frequent and differently-targetted raids against the Memphis & Charleston R.R. and Mobile & Ohio R.R. as sufficiently concerning to Beauregard and Johnston to “keep those Rebel commanders rooted in place, on the defensive.” Grant entertained no serious thought of Rebel attack; believed “action would only take place when he (Grant) ordered it” and used his abundant spare time, while waiting for Buell, to relax at the Cherry Mansion, and “instill discipline” in his commanders. 4) The more I study the lead-up to Shiloh, the less I find support for General Grant remaining at Savannah: nothing good came of his remaining at Savannah. 5) Lew Wallace brouhaha. Newspaper readers were told that, “Lew Wallace spent all day marching within sound of the battle, only six miles away, yet never arrived in time to take part” – Why? Soldiers belonging to Prentiss and Hurlbut and WHL Wallace were told that “Lew Wallace was coming to reinforce them,” but he never showed up – Why? General Grant believed he’d ordered Lew Wallace to do one thing; but Lew Wallace stated that his orders directed him to do something else. Both Generals had witnesses that supported their versions of the Truth. How can that be? [But, truth be known, the Wallace Wrong Road Controversy was useful in shunting attention away from other matters… like, “When did Grant arrive at Pittsburg Landing?” and “Why were the Federal troops surprised?” and “How did Grant and Buell conduct (and coordinate) their activities on Day Two?” and “Why were there so many Federal casualties?” ] If you can make it appear that “everything bad happened because of incompetent Lew Wallace,” then the real answers never have to be found.
  7. Ozzy

    General Support

    Stan First of all, thanks for tracking down the information on McClernand's orderly, James Matthews (the identity of Staff Officers and support members is important to fully understanding the actions and decisions taken by commanders at all battles.) And, I believe your comment in regard to Sherman's orderly, Holliday, is well-stated; and I agree that Holliday would likely have been "lost to History," were it not for the unexpected tragedy that took place, Sunday morning, April 6th. Captain W. S. Hillyer commented in his 11 April 1862 Letter that "General Grant sent his Staff "flying across the battlefield" shortly after arriving at Pittsburg Landing from Savannah on Sunday morning." Obviously, those Staff Officers were delivering orders from General Grant, allowing for multiple actions to occur simultaneously (or nearly simultaneously.) Hillyer, himself, was sent mid-afternoon by General Grant "with a fleet of steamers" to Savannah to bring up Crittenden's Division. And Grant sent no fewer than four Staff Officers and one support member (the support member, Cavalry officer Frank Bennett, sent twice) in an effort to bring up Lew Wallace from vicinity of Crumps Landing. Knowledge of Staff Officer movements helps in understanding the General's decision-making and priorities. All the best Ozzy The above links to many of the members of General Albert Sidney Johnston's Staff (those who accompanied his body to New Orleans.) More members of Johnston's Staff remain to be revealed.
  8. Ozzy

    General Support

    Staff Officers A General could not be everywhere at once; and he could not personally accomplish every task required of him, in managing his army, in time of Peace or War. Every General during the Civil War relied on men specifically assigned to his use to accomplish those tasks that required completion (and which the General did not have enough hours in the day to complete, on his own.) The men thus assigned, as a rule, were known as Staff Officers; and their directions and orders had the same force of Law as if issued, directly, by the General, himself. As an example, the following lists the Staff Officers of U.S. Grant at Shiloh: AAG Capt. John Rawlins Chief of Staff Col. J.D. Webster Chief of Engineers LtCol J.B. McPherson Asst Engineer Lt W. Jenney Asst Engineer Lt William Kossak Chief of Commissary Capt J.P. Hawkins AQM Capt A.S. Baxter Chief of Artillery (acting) Col. J.D. Webster Chief of Ordnance (acting) Capt W.F. Brinck Medical Director Surgeon Henry Hewitt Asst Medical Director Surgeon John Brinton (away at time of battle) Aide-de-Camp Capt W.S. Hillyer Aide-de-Camp Capt W.R. Rowley Aide-de-Camp Lt Clark Lagow VADC Col. G.G. Pride Signal Officer (acting) Lt J.B. Ludwick (arrived 6 April 1862) To be considered: because a Staff Officer acted directly as Agent for his General, his orders were “synonymous” with those issued by the General. A General would often, in after-battle reports, use the “Royal WE” (in this case – “ I “ -- ) when speaking of his actions taken during the battle, for example, “I ordered the ammunition to the front” (when a Staff Officer actually accomplished that task); or “I directed the Division to move forward” (when another Staff Officer rode to the commander of the division, and acted on the General’s behalf.) Also, when attempting to track down communications sent by the General, the identity of his Assistant Adjutant General (AAG) must be known in order to acquire the bulk of that material. Of course, Staff Officers were not the only persons – working directly for the General – who accomplished tasks on the General’s behalf (but the following “support staff” did not have “signature authority” to issue orders on the General’s behalf): Scout/ intelligence Irving Carson (also reporter for Chicago Tribune) Telegraph operator (unknown) Bodyguard/ orderly (unknown) Clerk Theodore S. Bowers Ordnance boat Rocket Captain John Wolfe Ordnance boat Iatan Captain William Edds Volunteer nurse Mother Mary Bickerdyke Volunteer nurse Mary Safford
  9. Ozzy

    Grant's Shiloh Report

    “Battle of Pittsburg: Official Report of Gen’l Grant” [a review by Ozzy] The above Shiloh report (which General Grant ever after claimed was not official, yet somehow found its way into the National newspapers) was published by The Potter Journal of Coudersport Pennsylvania on Wednesday 23 April 1862 (page 2 cols. 4 & 5.) The report consists of 29 paragraphs (not including title, or closing signature) and is worth a close read to determine how Major General U.S. Grant viewed the Battle of Shiloh (and presented his interpretation to the world) in the immediacy of its conclusion, keeping in mind that this report was written on Wednesday 9 April 1862. Para. Subject Discussed 1. “It becomes my duty again to report another battle fought…” [At the time Shiloh erupted, U.S. Grant had led actions at Belmont, Fort Henry, Fort Donelson, and had occupied Paducah – all of which can be acknowledged as successes – Ozzy.] 2. “On Sunday morning our pickets were attacked and driven in by the enemy.” [Notice how Grant claims the Battle of Shiloh began: a picket engagement. No mention of Moore or Powell or Peabody, and my guess is this detail of how the battle began came directly from BGen Benjamin Prentiss, in probably the only face-to-face meeting between Grant and Prentiss, at or just after 1030 Sunday morning.] 3. [Though creatively worded, Grant acknowledges that the battle began well to the south of Sherman’s position, and expanded, initially, towards Prentiss’s position.] 4. [Grant acknowledges that “his whole line was forced back a significant distance.” He then states his interpretation of the enemy’s intention “to turn my left, and get possession of the landing and transports.”] 5. [The important role of the Navy is recorded; as is obscure mention of the siege guns on the bluff above Pittsburg Landing.] 6. [Grant recognizes the importance of “deep, impassable” Dill Branch ravine, and makes mention of this feature to lay his claim that “no troops were necessary” – Buell’s troops – “to the east of the siege guns.”] 7. Grant mentions a small, insignificant attempt by the enemy to assault the Landing late in the day; and accords credit for driving away those attackers to the Navy (and thereby denies any credit to Buell and his Army of the Ohio.) 8. “During the night, the divisions of Crittenden and McCook arrived.” 9. “Lew Wallace, at Crump’s Landing (six miles below) was ordered at an early hour in the morning to hold his division in readiness to move in any direction it might be ordered.” [The foundation is laid for scapegoating of Lew Wallace: “early hour” could be 5 am… sunrise… 7 am… “Be ready to move” – all Wallace had to do was wait for the orders to come, and follow those orders… “At 11 am those orders were delivered.” This is as close to the correct time of Baxter’s arrival ever admitted by U.S. Grant (which likely took place near to 1130.) “Wallace was ordered to move up to Pittsburg” – exactly where Lew Wallace was directed to move, and by what route (if any route was clearly specified) has been the subject of contention, ever since…] 10. “During the night, all was quiet.” [Curious, that Grant jumps past events of Day One, to arrive at the termination of Day One, at paragraph 10, less than halfway through report.] 11. “Wood’s division arrived in time to take part [Day Two].” [This sets the “end time” for Battle of Shiloh: anyone who arrived afterwards – George Thomas – gets no credit.] 12. [Grant’s reason for “no pursuit” is given: his troops were exhausted from two days of fighting. Does not mention Halleck’s order not to pursue “any significant distance.”] 13. “Night [of the Second Day] closed in cloudy, with a heavy rain…” [General Grant jumps all the way past the end of the battle, and adds “rain-affected roads” as another reason for no pursuit.] 14. “General Sherman, however, followed the enemy…” [After laying out the difficulties with pursuing the enemy, Grant introduces Sherman: a stalwart who made the attempt. Sherman was Grant’s selection as “Hero of Shiloh.”] 15. “Nothing but hospitals and dead bodies [as far as Sherman pursued…]” 16. “I cannot take special notice in this report…” [A furphy… because Grant uses this “unofficial” report to boost those he feels deserving, while awarding a back-hander to those who “do not deserve credit.” This report is a political construct.] 17. “Buell can write his own report of the battle…” [Afterwards, Grant claimed that “the failure of Buell, and Grant’s own division commanders, to submit timely reports of the battle, contributed to his own lack of an Official Report.”] 18. “I feel it my duty, however… to [accord recognition to General Sherman].” [The second mention of Sherman, with no mention – as yet – of Hurlbut, WHL Wallace, Prentiss… although after heaping shovels full of cudos on “The Hero of Shiloh,” General Grant does mention his other division commanders by name, and gives them joint credit, “for maintaining their places” – Can a compliment be any more obscure? Not only is Buell’s role minimized, but Grant’s own division leaders “just kept their heads above water, and held the line” while Sherman shot forward and picked up the slack, everywhere. (Prentiss was away, enjoying Southern hospitality… WHL Wallace died April 10th… and Hurlbut was a drunk (who should just be grateful for being allowed to participate)… and McClernand… or Lew Wallace: Grant could care less if those two loose cannons ever read what he had to say about them in his report. ] 19. “General Prentiss was taken prisoner on the first day’s action…” [Combined with the claims that reporters began to publish on April 9th, this non-specific time of capture – “first day’s action” – can be read as “first action of the day,” and contributed to many readers believing that Prentiss and his men were taken prisoner early in the day. A false charge that Prentiss fought for the rest of his life.] “And WHL Wallace was severely, and probably mortally wounded. His Assistant Adjutant General, Captain McMichael, is missing, and was probably taken prisoner.” 20. [General Grant lists his Staff by name… those deserving of recognition, anyway. John Rawlins is included well down the list; Clark Lagow, W.S. Hillyer and William Rowley have their names misspelled. Missing from the list is Algernon Baxter, the QM that delivered the confusing orders to Lew Wallace.] 21. [Colonels Webster and McPherson are accorded additional mention.] 22. [The credit accorded McPherson continues… especially as concerns “his knowledge of all the ground around Pittsburg campground” …which may be a back-handed award of “credit” for “not entrenching at Pittsburg Landing.”] 23. “The country will have to mourn the loss of many brave men…” 24. “The exact loss in killed and wounded will be known in a day or two…” 25. “At present I estimate 1500 killed and 3500 wounded…” 26. “The loss of artillery was great…” 27. “The loss to the enemy was greater than ours…” [This was always claimed during the Civil War – even when it was known not to be true – because civilians always accord Victory to the side which lost the least men (and held the ground after the battle was over.) In the confused reporting after Shiloh, this was Grant’s attempt to assert Victory by reporting, “we lost fewer men,” and “we held the ground, at the end.”] 28. “The enemy suffered terribly from demoralization and desertion.” [This theme played out later after the May 1862 occupation of Corinth, following which Generals Pope and Halleck convinced themselves that, “the Rebel Army was coming apart, and probably would not fight again…”] 29. “A Flag of Truce was sent from General Beauregard…” [This ties into the wishful thinking expressed in para.28 and harks back to “that other” flag of truce, received by General Grant at Fort Donelson…] General observations: · General Grant makes no mention of his late arrival (four hours or more, after first contact) at Pittsburg Landing; · There is no clarity provided on when Prentiss surrendered; · “An advance was ordered on Monday morning.” Not, “I ordered the advance,” or “General Buell and I ordered the advance, after consultation…” [The advance just happened – see para.10.] · The reported start of Day Two – 9 am – ignores Lew Wallace getting the ball rolling at daybreak – see para.10; · U.S. Grant does not take direct credit for anything, except submitting this unofficial report (see para.1). But, Grant makes use of the trick: “Pull everyone else down, and those left standing, stand tall.” The only man who truly shines is W. T. Sherman.
  10. Ozzy

    Grant's second AAG

    We tend to accept that Ulysses S. Grant and John Rawlins, both residents of Galena, Illinois, enjoyed one of the premier partnerships of the Civil War, pre-dating Grant & Sherman. And many assume that the partnership of Grant & Rawlins continued, uninterrupted, and unchanged, through the war years and beyond, into the first year of Grant's Presidency. But, such is not the case: a year or so after Shiloh, John Rawlins was promoted to Brigadier General, and elevated to become Grant's Chief of Staff... which necessitated replacement for Rawlins as Assistant Adjutant General. The man selected, a Veteran of the Battle of Shiloh, served as Grant's AAG through the end of the war. Who was this man? [Bonus: What caused this man to cease working for General Grant? ]
  11. Ozzy

    William McMichael

    The Shell Game, Revisited The curious case of William McMichael was first encountered in General Grant’s “unofficial” Shiloh report, dated 9 April 1862, in which Grant bemoans the fate of a Captain (not a member of Grant’s staff, and not directly connected to General Grant) who “was likely taken prisoner during the Battle.” The obvious question: “Why the profuse concern?” The answer may be… something unexpected. As has previously been asserted, General U. S. Grant had become so disenchanted with former friend, John McClernand, that by the time Grant arrived at Savannah Tennessee in March 1862 he took active measures to make certain the senior General, McClernand, was never “acting commander” at the Pittsburg campground, in Grant’s absence. First, Grant held McClernand’s division at Savannah until Sherman, Hurlbut and Smith’s Divisions had disembarked at Pittsburg Landing. Then, Grant claimed Charles F. Smith was commander of the Pittsburg campground… but Smith being temporarily away, Brigadier General Sherman was designated as acting commander in Smith’s absence. And in order to add credence to the charade, General Smith’s AAG, Captain William McMichael, was installed at Pittsburg Landing with the Second Division and all official communication to/from Smith was channelled through McMichael. Captain McMichael provided “plausible involvement and continuity of association” of the absent General Smith through the presence of his Assistant Adjutant General. And in addition to channelling communications, and likely making minor decisions on Smith’s behalf, McMichael was “AAG for the Second Division,” acting for Colonel Jacob Lauman when that officer stood in for General Smith; and performed the same function, again, when BGen WHL Wallace replaced Lauman as acting commander. During the absence of the designated commander of the Second Division, all verbal and written references to that unit labelled it, “Smith’s Division” or “Smith’s Second Division.” So virulent were these assertions that the reference to “Smith’s Division” likely contributed to the faulty orders received by MGen Lew Wallace, delivered by Baxter. So confounding was this assertion that Brigadier General Prentiss did not realize C. F. Smith was not the on-field commander; instead, Prentiss was astonished to discover, on that fateful Sunday morning, his friend from the Mexican War, WHL “Will” Wallace, was in command of the Second Division. Amazingly, the shell game that denied Major General McClernand his lawful seniority did not end with the Battle of Shiloh: Charles F. Smith was not replaced as commander of the Second Division until Brigadier General Thomas Davies arrived and took command on April 14th . William McMichael appears to have been a willing participant in the ruse. And U.S. Grant, who valued LOYALTY above almost everything else, determined McMichael to be invaluable; was likely an advocate that helped persuade Henry Halleck to negotiate for “personal exchange” of Captain McMichael (while Benjamin Prentiss, William Shaw, James Geddes… and 2200 others… real heroes… toughed it out.)
  12. On April 9th 1862, a much-anticipated report detailing events at the recent Battle of Shiloh began making its way to the newspapers of the North. Written by Major General Grant, the concise description of that bloody engagement is below presented, as it appeared in the Coudersport, Pennsylvania weekly, The Potter Journal of Wednesday 23 APR 1862. Filling most of two printed columns (on page 2, beginning column 4) and titled, "Battle at Pittsburg: Official Report of Gen'l Grant," this published account is as close as Ulysses S. Grant ever got to an Official Report. Click on the below image, and zoom in... [provided by Chronicling America, a project of the Library of Congress.] If the expanded image is unclear, try this direct link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86081096/1862-04-23/ed-1/ (and select Page 2).
  13. William McMichael David W. Reed made a valiant attempt to get to the facts in compiling his history of Shiloh; and he incorporated those facts into his written work, The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged (manuscript completed 1900), and in marking out important sites on the Shiloh NMP with definitive tablets. Unfortunately, even the cautious, precise Major Reed, got his facts wrong on occasion… which leads to the biography of this man: William McMichael. Born in Philadelphia in 1841, during the Civil War William McMichael became one of the “Fighting McMichaels” (his brothers Clayton, and Morton, Jr., fought at Gettysburg). Their father, Morton McMichael Sr., was a prominent Philadelphia newspaper publisher, active in politics, and important supporter of President Lincoln and the Union War Effort. Prior to March 1862, the graduate of University of Pennsylvania, William McMichael, was promoted to Captain, and installed as AAG to Brigadier General Charles F. Smith (who had ties to Pennsylvania.) Captain McMichael accompanied BGen Smith on the Tennessee River Expedition; and Generals William Tecumseh Sherman and Lew Wallace reported to Smith on a number of occasions, through AAG McMichael [OR 10 pp.9, 10, 22 & 25 and OR 11 p.53]. A close read of the above communications is important, especially BGen Sherman’s report dated 20 MAR 1862 and found OR 11 page 53, because on that date the injured and ill General Smith was recuperating aboard Hiawatha; Captain McMichael “acted on Smith’s behalf” at Pittsburg Landing; and Colonel Jacob Lauman was “Acting Commander of the Second Division.” Fast forward to 2 APR 1862: Captain McMichael was still at Pittsburg Landing; Jacob Lauman was removed from the Second Division (and reported to Hurlbut’s Fourth Division); and new Brigadier General WHL Wallace was assigned “temporary command of the Second Division, during the absence of Major General C.F. Smith.” (According to a letter written by Wallace on April 3rd, he did not physically remove himself to the Second Division until April 4th, where he would have found Captain McMichael already operating as AAG of the Division.) Whose Assistant Adjutant General was William McMichael? Technically, he was the AAG to Major General Smith, in command of the Second Division. He remained at Pittsburg Landing while C.F. Smith was “absent, ill,” first aboard Hiawatha, and then upstairs in the Cherry House. He was never AAG to Jacob Lauman; and he was never AAG to WHL Wallace (although it would be reasonable to assume that he acted as AAG for those officers, in their temporary status while attached to the Second Division.) On the morning of April 6th1862, Captain McMichael accompanied BGen Wallace during his efforts to alert General Grant at Savannah (and may have been the messenger sent by Wallace aboard the steamer John Warner… which would explain why that steamer rounded to and returned to Pittsburg Landing – enabling McMichael to further assist WHL Wallace [still looking for evidence of this – Ozzy].) Captain McMichael acted on the battlefield as courier and AAG for BGen Wallace, up until the time General Wallace was shot from his horse. It was McMichael who reported that sad news to General Benjamin Prentiss; and Prentiss records that, “Captain McMichael, assistant adjutant-general,attached to the division commanded by General Wallace, joined me upon the field when his gallant leader fell. He is entitled to special mention for his conduct while so serving” [Shiloh Report of BGen Prentiss]. In addition, McMichael gains mention in the “unofficial” Shiloh report of General Grant: “Captain William McMichael is missing; probably taken prisoner” [OR 10 page 110]. And General Grant was correct: William McMichael was indeed taken prisoner (although he managed to return North after May 1862, due to a “special exchange” arranged through his father, Morton McMichael, and implemented by Major General Halleck through negotiations conducted by MGen John Pope with General Beauregard on 27 May 1862 [OR Series 2, vol.3 No.116 – Prisoners of War, pages 600 – 1].) Afterwards, McMichael was promoted to Major, and then Lieutenant Colonel, and is reported to have served on the staff of Generals Halleck and Rosecrans. He was mustered out in March 1866, and returned to Philadelphia, where he established a Law practice. He served in President Grant’s Administration as Assistant Attorney General. William McMichael, brevet-Colonel, died in New York City in April 1893 and was buried in Philadelphia. Cheers Ozzy References: http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/46715015/william-mcmichael   BVT- Colonel William McMichael http://philadelphiaencyclopedia.org/archive/consolidation-act-of-1854/10422_166616/ Mayor of Philadelphia (1866 - 69) Morton McMichael David W. Reed, The Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged (1909) pages 25 and 38. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92053945/1893-04-21/ed-1/seq-4/#date1=1893&index=0&rows=20&words=Mc+McMichael+Michael&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=Illinois&date2=1893&proxtext=McMichael&y=0&x=0&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1 Rock Island Argus 21 APR 1893 page 4 col.4 "Death of Colonel McMichael" OR 10, 11 and 116
  14. Ozzy

    Whither the WHB?

    Mona You are correct: the William H. Brown, fondly known as W.H.B., or simply -- B -- was disabled by enemy fire during the Red River Campaign (an event of which I was not aware until reviewing your answer). Congratulations! The powerful towboat WHB also suffered "an incident" on about 10 March 1862. Specifically requested by Major General Grant for immediate use in the Tennessee River Expedition, Grant was informed that "the W.H.B. was disabled: boilers burst." It appears that the boat may have exerted her engine while attempting to tow seven-ton mortar rafts to Island No.8 in advance of Flag-Officer Foote's operation against New Madrid Bend and Island No.10. With the "B" unavailable, General Grant made use of Tigress, instead. Cheers Ozzy References: OR 52 part 1 page 222 (telegram from Grant of 11 MAR 1862, and response from BGen Cullum of 11 MAR 1862.)
  15. Ozzy

    Whither the WHB?

    We are all familiar with General Grant's "flagship," the Tigress. However, prior to steaming up the Tennessee River to assume command, 18 MAR 1862, of the expedition at Savannah, Ulysses S. Grant had made use of another steamer, described as, "the powerful towboat, WHB" (aka W. H. Brown). Just-promoted Major General Grant made use of the WHB, end of February 1862, following his success at Fort Donelson, on his ill-advised visit to Clarksville and Nashville (resulting in Grant being shelved at Fort Henry, for a couple of weeks.) What happened to the towboat WHB that necessitated Grant's use of the Tigress?
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