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Ozzy last won the day on January 14

Ozzy had the most liked content!

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About Ozzy

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    Reynella, South Australia
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    Family history research, car restoration with daughter, travel...
    Welcome to my SDG page: the image at top is of Dubuque's Governor's Greys, which became Company 'I' of First Iowa Vol. Inf. Regt. (Uniform worn Battle of Wilson's Creek, 1861.)
    My book, 'Falling through the Hornet's Nest' (Martin Samuels) is now available at Amazon.com as ebook. My book 'Shiloh was a Sham: the untold story of the iconic Civil War Battle,' explaining how Shiloh fit into Lincoln and Stanton's grand scheme, became available April 2016, on Amazon as e-book. My latest project, 'The Struggle for Pensacola, 1860 - 1862' is slated for completion NOV 2020.

    I can be contacted at bzmax03@chariot.net.au by any SDG member so inclined.

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  1. Ozzy

    History repeats...

    Rbn3 You present Interesting points about unforeseen changes being embraced in America; but the remedy remains at the Ballot Box, and accepting the Will of the People. In the case of Brexit, the British People reached a tipping point four years ago that led to education, advocacy, and an eventual vote. Attempts to overturn that vote resulted in failure, confirming the Will of the People. Hence, Brexit takes effect from the end of January 2020. In 1860/ 61 it appears no effort was made to take the Case for Secession through the Courts. (And the decisive Supreme Court decision preventing secession in America, Texas v. White, was not adjudicated until 1869.) So the question: “Why was no serious attempt made to present a case for secession to the appropriate U.S. Court?”
  2. Ozzy

    History repeats...

    Brexit to take effect on 31 JAN 2020 Three and a half years ago the British People voted in a referendum to leave the organization known as the European Union. The reasons that led to that binding poll included 1) corrupt over-production of Euros by some member States of the EU; 2) flood into the Euro-zone of "Syrian refugees" (who were not from Syria), all of whom seemed intent upon gaining sanctuary in the UK (with their passage north through the Euro-zone facilitated by EU States); 3) the growing distaste in the UK for Laws enacted by the European Parliament which were contrary to established British Laws (even judged superior to 1000 years of English Common Law.) These EU laws appeared arbitrary and spiteful to the British people; 4) the UK was deemed a "financial power" within the EU and was obligated by Acts of the European Parliament to contribute an ever larger share of the management cost of the European Union. Along the way to Brexit, there were three changes of National Leader in the UK (with one leader, Theresa May, intent on overturning the will of the People and negating the results of the Brexit vote. She was replaced through UK parliamentary procedure by Boris Johnson, who promised to abide by the original Brexit vote.) Late in 2019 Boris Johnson was forced to call an early National Election, which was effectively a Second Referendum on Brexit. The British voters returned the Boris Johnson Government to power with an increased majority, fully displaying support for the Exit of Great Britain from the European Union... and that Exit (known as Brexit) takes place at the end of January. Many Civil War researchers and Historians ask: "Could the Southern States have enacted a bloodless Secession?" The example of Brexit demonstrates that such a secession is possible (was possible), but consider: the TIME required to make the exit effective (3 1/2 years) required extraordinary patience; the UK did not threaten violence if their attempt to secede from the EU failed; the European Union has no United Army of Europe. Member States have their own defense forces (at the present time; there is an intention by the EU to establish a United Army of Europe, likely based on the NATO model.) Without a United Army of Europe, the EU could not "coerce" the UK to remain within the organization; Nations across the globe (USA, Canada, India, Australia) look forward to the opportunities presented by a "seceded" Britain, particularly new trade deals. SDG members have "lived through" a bloodless secession. Was it possible for the Secession attempted in 1860/ 61 to have been accomplished without resorting to War?
  3. This YouTube video of 36 minutes was published on 2 May 2019 by Misesmedia, a publication of Mises Institute at Auburn, Alabama. It relies heavily on the Diary of young Elsie Duncan to describe life for civilians of Hardin County after the Battle of Shiloh, after the Union Army mostly moved south to besiege Corinth, Mississippi. The Horrors of War are fully described, including mass graves, the number of wounded overwhelming available surgeons, “raiders” (roaming bands of Union deserters), “guerrillas” (roaming bands of Southern supporters), avoiding “summary justice,” and the increasing difficulty over time to avoid starvation. In addition, mention is made of Duncan's Cave, and Hoker's Bend. "Life After Shiloh: Tory Rule" is narrated by Chris Calton, and is part of the Historical Controversies series. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qITGlHH0iW8 "Life after Shiloh" [Other titles in the Historical Controversies series at https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLALopHfWkFlGOn0oxjgp5gGzj-pnqeY0G ].
  4. Shiloh video by gaming guy The void being left by the inadequate teaching of History in public schools is being filled, in part, by an unexpected history advocate: the online gaming community. Dedicated to “authenticity” in recreating historic Battle Games, the school-age generation is being taught history, unawares, through participation in online games. With the above in mind... ran across this interesting video while searching for recent releases on Battle of Shiloh: “History Guy Gaming” has done other battlefield videos (Gettysburg, Antietam, Bull Run), and provided a review of the Battle of Shiloh game (Ultimate General) in 2017. His description of the events of April 1862 reflects the understanding of someone who was educated during the 1980 – 2000 period (with the summary of events and condensing of outcomes “necessary” to get through Civil War History in the least amount of time evident), but with obvious individual study undertaken. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syQ6wKjcFzE "The Battle of Shiloh" by History Guy Gaming (published on YouTube 6 SEP 2019.) Following a brief introduction, the tour of Shiloh NMP begins at 3 minute mark, with the undeniable truth: “Visiting a battlefield results in better perspective and greater understanding.” At 3:55 mark the battle begins with Peabody's unauthorized patrol (conducted by Major Powell.) 6:00 The Union defense of Duncan Field. Unfortunately, the narrator uses a modern map, and is further led astray by the location of General WHL Wallace's mortal wounding. Now that a key Union defensive line is re-named as “The Thicket,” he comes to the wrong conclusion (that the Hornet's Nest was co-located with the site of Wallace's wounding.) Since all histories of the Battle of Shiloh prior to 2010 make mention of the Hornet's Nest, those seeking the location of that site during visits to the park will struggle just that little bit, from now on. 9:00 Sherman's experience with repelling Rebel attacks. [CSA mass grave visited.] 10:50 Shiloh Church. 13:30 The mistake of General Albert Sidney Johnston. 16:15 Hornet's Nest (part 2) 18:30 Ruggles Battery a.k.a. “Thunder in the Thicket” 18:45 General Johnston's mortal wound. 23:30 Albert Sidney Johnston's loss; and relevance to War in the West. 24:00 Indian mounds. 24:50 Union retreat to heights above Pittsburg Landing: Grant's Last Line (Buell arrives.) 27:10 Dill Branch: Union gunboats versus Rebel advance. 28:30 “Lick 'em tomorrow, though” – U.S. Grant. 28:40 Day Two (and Fallen Timbers) 30:00 Shiloh National Cemetery. 32:30 Visitor Center (and review). [The review of online game "Ultimate General: Battle of Shiloh" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vj9sQKBu9U0 by History Guy Gaming on 30 DEC 2016.]
  5. One thing about electronic resources: existing references are subject to change without notice... The "Shiloh Animated Map" by American Battlefield Trust was upgraded middle of 2019 (although it just gained my notice, by accident, today.) After two views of the 18-minute presentation, I am impressed with the improvements incorporated; and I feel that the 2019 edition more accurately depicts the Battle of Shiloh than previously. Have a look, yourself; and feel free to comment: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tlhlk3bp-f4
  6. Inspired by Tom's admonition to "find and post more Shiloh references," I stumbled upon a previously overlooked Staff Ride... Compiled by the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command, this Staff Ride Handbook of 68 pages records the visit to Shiloh NMP that took place early in 2000, and contains many maps and illustrations, as well as biographies of key leaders and a timeline [ and is available at <https://www.smdc.army.mil> ]. Key takeaways: It was the intention of Major General Henry Halleck to “mount an offensive against the Confederate Army at Corinth” (page 3). “Grant made his base at Pittsburg Landing, a position in enemy territory with its back to the Tennessee River. Grant neglected, however, to fortify the encampment” (p. 3). “Johnston originally intended to attack Grant on April 4, but muddy terrain, green troops, and poor coordination slowed the Confederate advance and postponed the assault for two days. The delay would prove costly. On the morning of April 6, thousands of screaming Confederates poured out of the woods near Shiloh and routed many of the slumbering northern troops. Many dispirited soldiers broke for the rear and fled to the banks of the Tennessee, refusing to fight. Severely battered and facing disaster, other Federal troops rallied and began making fierce, determined stands. By the afternoon, they had established a formidable battle line at a sunken road, named the “Hornets Nest” by Confederates because of the stinging hail of bullets and shell they faced. Repeated frontal assaults failed to take the stronghold. Finally, a massive artillery barrage and flanking attacks turned the tide and the rebels overwhelmed the northerners, capturing, wounding, or killing most of the stalwart defenders” (page 3). General Johnston's battle plan was too complex (for implementation by inexperienced junior commanders); and its initiation was delayed at least one day by flooding rain (page 6). “Fraley Field: the battle begins...” (page 9). [Staff Ride Stop No. One.] Stop Two: invasion of the Union camps. Stop 3: Sherman's front crumbles. Stop 5: The Hamburg – Purdy Road (the Union Right collapses). Page 21: “Just after 10 am General Grant met BGen Prentiss and ordered him to hold his position at all hazards.” Stop 9: Grant's Last Line. Although this Staff Ride provides a good summary of the Battle of Shiloh, and pinpoints crucial moments during the contest, it suffers from the following faults and errors: Map of Shiloh Battlefield on page 10. Repeating the mistake of earlier writers, this map attempts to combine TWO DAYS of conflict on a single map, which leads to unnecessary confusion. Biography of Don Carlos Buell (page 36) contains many errors. Union Order of Battle (page 52) WHL Wallace should be recorded as [mw] mortally wounded, instead of [k]. Page 60 – Appendix F – Timeline. Smith (vice Grant) leads Union Army south up the Tennessee River after the victories at Fort Henry and Fort Donelson. https://www.smdc.army.mil/Portals/38/Documents/Publications/History/Staff%20Rid 2000 Army Staff Ride for Shiloh Gudmen's Staff Ride of 2003 (for comparison) http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/cgsc/carl/download/csipubs/gudmens.pdf
  7. And still more on Buell... During the 1847 Campaign for Mexico City, General Scott recognized that it was vital to gain control of one of the three causeways leading to the Mexican Capital (the city occupied highground in the midst of a swampy lake.) Thus, the Battle of Churubusco was fought on August 20th. After gaining control of an important convent, Scott's men attempted to advance towards the causeway, but were pinned down by fire of Mexicans occupying a field of corn, nearly ready for harvest. Hesitant to advance until the defenses (trenches or fortification) being used by the enemy were known, the American commander was gratified to observe Brevet-Captain Buell climb onto the roof of an adobe house in order to take stock of the situation. But soon after gaining the elevated position, Buell was seen to tumble off again, obviously shot; it was assumed that he had been mortally wounded. Later, it was surmised that Don Carlos Buell's superior fitness allowed him to survive being shot through the right chest, near the shoulder, although it required nearly two months for him to heal sufficiently to return to active service. In meantime, the American Army crossed the causeway and took possession of Mexico City. Why is this important? When Major General Buell arrived at Pittsburg Landing at (or just before) 2 pm on April 6th and met Major General Grant aboard the Tigress, it was their first face-to-face encounter since late February 1862... the ill-starred, unauthorized Nashville meeting. Now in the Ladies' Cabin of the steamer, the two generals exchanged pleasantries: Grant showed off the bullet wound to his sword scabbard; and Buell was unimpressed. A man who had cheated death after being shot through the chest could hardly be expected to find such a minor incident noteworthy. General Grant soon departed (to once and for all call forward Lew Wallace.) And General Buell was left behind at the Landing to organize the movement of his Army of the Ohio across the Tennessee River. References: Medical Histories of Union Generals by Jack Welsh (1996) Kent State University Press. http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/Army/USMA/Cullums_Register/1090*.html Don Carlos Buell. Various SDG posts.
  8. Union POW's play Baseball. The above image is interesting, and has relevance to SDG enthusiasts due to the fact over 2000 Federal soldiers were captured during the Battle of Shiloh; and most of the enlisted men were held in Montgomery Cotton Prison (April - May 1862) and Camp Oglethorpe, Macon, Georgia (May - October 1862); both sites record baseball as having been played. Although not stipulated, the soldiers playing ball could very well be competing at Camp Oglethorpe during May or June of 1862. The tall picket fence in background would have enclosed the west side of the compound, with the corner to the compound perhaps eight yards behind the catcher (and the south boundary wall stretching away to the east.) Shiloh prisoners are likely the first baseball playing POW's (enough to field several teams) held by the Confederate States of America long enough to "manufacture" equipment with which to play. [A change of Commandant at Camp Oglethorpe put an end to baseball playing in July 1862... the same man created the "dead line" inside the boundary walls of the prison pen.] Above image in Public Domain.
  9. The Call for Volunteers -- 1861 [From America's National Game by Albert G. Spalding (1911) and in the Public Domain.]
  10. More on D.C. Buell Actively engaged during the Mexican War (and wounded at Battle of Churubusco) Don Carlos Buell was brevetted to Major, and remained on active duty with the U.S. Army after the war and served in Texas, Missouri, and New York; and in the two years leading up to outbreak of the Civil War was at Washington D.C. on “special assignment” with the War Department. Major Robert Anderson arrived at Charleston Harbor November 1860 and took command of the Federal forces (then based at Fort Moultrie) on the 21st. Shortly afterwards, with unrest growing at Charleston, Captain D. C. Buell was sent to Fort Moultrie (arrived on 11 DEC) with written orders for Major Anderson, which “directed Anderson to remain on the defensive; and upon belief that attack on his force was imminent, to select which ever available fort was deemed strongest to defend to the last.” [See Doubleday pages 42 - 51.] It is also rumored that Captain Buell delivered verbal orders (possibly from General Winfield Scott to Major Anderson) but this has never been proven. Major Anderson moved his force to Fort Sumter on 26 DEC 1860. And, Don Carlos Buell returned to his duties in Washington and was available as Staff officer to General Sumner, when that man was sent by the Lincoln Administration to replace Albert Sidney Johnston as commander of the Pacific Department. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/24972/24972-h/24972-h.htm#CHAPTER_III Reminiscences of Forts Moultrie and Sumter by Abner Doubleday (1876).
  11. As regards the "friction" between Buell and Grant, this may be blamed on the lack of an Official Report on the Battle of Shiloh, which should have been written, and then submitted through proper channels by the supreme Federal commander: Ulysses S. Grant. But Major General Grant never submitted this report, and in his Memoirs (page 306) blames, "the lack of reports by Buell and his subordinates [which would have permitted Grant to write a true and full account.]" In essence: Buell did not acknowledge Grant as supreme commander; therefore, Grant was not obligated to share credit for the Union victory at Shiloh with Buell. Lack of sufficient credit for Shiloh, combined with the "Nashville incident" [in late FEB 1862, during which U.S. Grant revealed his new rank as Major General to Brigadier General Buell] festered. And when General Buell was removed from command of the Army of the Ohio (and that force subsequently renamed Army of the Cumberland) Don Carlos Buell appears to have attributed a portion of the blame for failure of his professional career (in particular, lack of credit for Shiloh) at the feet of U.S. Grant. [Of note: General Buell's Chief of Staff during Shiloh, James B. Fry, later became Provost Marshal General of the United States, and became better acquainted with U.S. Grant; and he considered both men to be his friends. After the war, General Fry attempted to "heal the rift" between Grant and Buell; but James Fry was unsuccessful. The sour relations between the two Union leaders remained un-reconciled at the time of Grant's death in 1885.] To summarize: lack of an official Shiloh report allowed "rumor and supposition" to fill the void and gain currency, resulting in the Real Story of Shiloh only being unearthed (today) with great effort. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.$b15913&view=1up&seq=311 Military Miscellanies by James B. Fry (page 305).
  12. Ozzy

    Skills to be Taught

    CSuniforms, Thanks for your contribution. As regards U.S. Grant's acknowledged ability to "write terse, concise orders," that is just one of many desired skills that can be taught to young leaders. [Whereas "the ability to ride a horse," so important in Grant's day, is a skill no longer deemed necessary... most of the time.]
  13. Mona, Thanks for clarifying the status of the seasonal watercourse in vicinity of Stoney Lonesome. It remains curious that this seasonal stream was deemed significant to include on the map, yet the purpose-built Shunpike is not displayed. (General Sherman stated he had knowledge of all the roads in vicinity of the Pittsburg Camp, and knew the Owl Creek Bridge was strengthened to accommodate passage of artillery, and had elements of the 6th Iowa and Behr's Artillery deployed further west to defend approach to the bridge...) Omission of detail can affect understanding as powerfully as manipulation of facts.
  14. Thanks for broaching this topic... as I had encountered the above map in Sherman's Personal Memoirs (1889) and was looking for someplace to put it and discuss it. Although there is no credit accorded, I believe it is reasonable to assume that the above depiction was created by General Sherman (or member of his staff); or it was endorsed by Sherman as "close enough to include in my Memoirs." The claim that "Grant and Sherman... re-wrote their maps [to suit a narrative]" I believe is proven without doubt: General Grant's staff officer, then- LtCol James McPherson concocted a map focused on Snake Creek in 1863 that appeared to show Major General Lew Wallace "not getting very far" on his march from Stoney Lonesome, before turning around (countermarching) back to the River Road... but the map does not show the Third Division ever crossing Snake Creek (OR 10 page 183.) As concerns the above Sherman map, there are at least twenty errors (which is difficult to accept as "accidental" nearly thirty years after the Battle of Shiloh.) Compare to Atwell's 1900 map, or any later map (before the streams were re-routed) and the discrepancies become obvious. Here are a few: 1) The River Road (a.k.a. Savannah- Pittsburg Landing Road) is indicated WAY too close to the Tennessee River. 2) The road from Crump's Landing to Adamsville is plotted as dipping 2- 3 miles further south than actual. 3) Where is Stoney Lonesome? Where is the road south from Stoney Lonesome? (There is a non-existent seasonal stream flowing south from the site of Stoney Lonesome.) [Combined with the poorly plotted River Road, and Adamsville Road, these features could be used to "verify" that Lew Wallace was a chowder head for selecting the "wrong road" and/ or "getting lost."] 4) Where is the important Dill Branch Ravine? 5) Where is the Tilghman Branch (in 1862 called Briar Creek)? 6) On the east side of the Tennessee River, where is the Savannah- Hamburg Road? [This route would have been marched by Jacob Ammen's men if the Battle of Shiloh had not intervened.] 7) How come no marshes or swamps are indicated? 8 ) Where is the Shunpike? In 1889, the average person would make use of this map included in Sherman's Memoirs, likely have no better map with which to compare, and "trust" that the narrative was correct. No wonder we still disagree on "what took place during the Battle of Shiloh."
  15. It can be safely assumed that the battle exploits of successful leaders are studied at the United States Military Academy at West Point in order to identify positive traits, skills and attributes as deserving of emulation by future leaders. What traits and skills do you believe Ulysses S. Grant possessed that should be taught to cadets and officer-candidates? To start the conversation, here is one that I believe we can all agree upon: Persistence. Because there is no failure until one gives up the attempt. U.S. Grant was noted for aggressive, dogged, determined pursuit of goals. And if a roadblock was encountered in his chosen path, General Grant quickly scrutinized the situation and determined upon greater exertion; a detour; or an entirely new route, to reach his goal.
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