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Ozzy

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Ozzy last won the day on October 27

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About Ozzy

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    Reynella, South Australia
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    Writer
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    Family history research, car restoration, travel...
    Welcome to my SDG page: the image at top is of Dubuque's Governor's Greys, which became Company 'I' of First Iowa Vol. Inf. Regt. (Uniform worn Battle of Wilson's Creek, 1861.)
    My book, Falling through the Hornet's Nest' (Martin Samuels) is now available at Amazon.com as ebook. My next book (focus on Henry Halleck 1861-62) entitled 'Shiloh was a Sham: the untold story of the iconic Civil War Battle,' will be available April 2016, on Amazon as e-book.

    I can be contacted at bzmax03@chariot.net.au by any SDG member so inclined.

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  1. Ozzy

    Lew Wallace's march

    Joe There is record of John Raine involved in movement of captured pork from Nichols Landing a few days before Battle of Shiloh. And there is evidence of John Raine involved with the Vicksburg Campaign of 1863. Aside from Logbook records, there is almost nothing about the steamer after morning of April 6th 1862 (although she appears frequently at Cairo, Evansville and Louisville during 1862... so likely reported to one of those Ohio River ports after leaving the Tennessee River.) Ozzy
  2. Ozzy

    Failure to Report

    Joe The relative seniority of officers before, during and after Shiloh is presented in “Colonel C.F. Smith and Seniority,” in order to provide support to the following answers to your above questions: 1) There was always an issue with relative seniority, prior to 21 MAR 1862 because BGen Smith (who had been put in command of the Tennessee River Expedition by MGen Halleck) was junior to every other Brigadier General taking part in the expedition, except Lew Wallace. This technicality could be “rectified” by referring concerns to William Tecumseh Sherman – the senior officer present – who appeared happy to operate under Charles Ferguson Smith. 2) After 21 MAR there was a problem that arose, after McClernand – Smith – Lew Wallace were promoted to Major General (in the order listed.) John McClernand, with his political connections, likely was aware of the relative seniority attached to his own promotion. And, whether you like him or hate him, MGen McClernand was within his right to seek redress to “being senior officer, forced to serve beneath a junior.” There was no way US Grant was going to allow John McClernand temporary command in Grant’s absence; and the official Army List had not reached Grant (so he was able to claim ignorance of McClernand’s claim, until that official pecking order, which he requested from Halleck, was delivered to him.) 3) Meanwhile, MGen Grant created an elaborate façade (which I refer to as “Shell Game”) with the following components: - MGen Smith assigned to Pittsburg Landing - Captain William McMichael, Smith’s AAG, assigned to Pittsburg Landing - MGen Grant accords MGen Smith status as Campground commander - Due to injury, MGen Smith is temporarily away. During his absence, Smith has designated BGen Sherman to act in his stead as Campground commander. - In Smith’s absence, Captain McMichael acts as “place holder,” indicating intention for MGen Smith to “return” to Pittsburg Landing (and meanwhile, conducts affairs as if Smith is actually present) - My belief is that General Grant witnessed Henry Halleck do a similar thing (assigning a Brigadier General with less seniority) to command an expedition composed of officers more senior than the commander… and likely assumed, “if Halleck can do it, why not anyone else?” But, Grant took his subterfuge to an additional level, by installing Jacob Lauman as acting commander of the 2nd Division (in Smith’s absence.) And this version of the Shell Game came unstuck, because a more senior Colonel was part of the 2nd Division (John McArthur) who, likely, was as possessive and aware of his own seniority as Grant and McClernand were of theirs. Even after the promotions to Brigadier General were made (effective 21 March) McArthur was listed as senior to Lauman. BGen McArthur then got caught up in Grant’s Purge (see “Officers Under Arrest”) and this arrest of McArthur was followed up by orders sending McArthur to Lew Wallace’s 3rd Division “when for duty,” and WHL Wallace replaced Lauman as acting commander of the 2nd Division. The only consistent component present with the 2nd Division while this subterfuge was taking place: the AAG, William McMichael… acting for Smith, acting for Lauman and acting for WHL Wallace. References: SDG “Colonel C.F. Smith and Seniority” “The Real Story about Nashville” (post of 2 July 2018) “William McMichael” (post of 6 OCT 2018) SDG “Grant and McClernand” SDG “McArthur (part 2)” Papers of US Grant vol.4 pages 428 and 429. Life and Letters of General WHL Wallace page 180 [Letter of 3 APR 1862 in which General Wallace indicates he will remove himself to the 2nd Division tomorrow (April 4th). Provided to illustrate that not only was Jacob Lauman “on the job” commanding a brigade in Hurlbut’s 4th Division for an unbelievably short time prior to Battle of Shiloh, but General WHL Wallace faced a similar experience of, “being thrown into the deep end.” Cheers Ozzy
  3. Ozzy

    Scott's Louisiana Regiment

    Stan Thanks for having a look, and researching facts behind the First Louisiana Cavalry. A week ago, I had never heard of this unit, commanded by John Sims Scott... and doubted whether the 1st Louisiana Cavalry was present at Shiloh (even Major David W. Reed indicated uncertainty, on page 88 of The Battle of Shiloh and Organizations Engaged.) However, the more research is done, the more evidence is found. To summarize what I have found, to date: 1st Louisiana Cavalry Spending the early months of the war in Virginia with General Magruder, John Sims Scott of East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana returned home with authority to recruit a cavalry regiment. In short order, the First Louisiana Cavalry (also known as Scott’s Regiment, or Scott’s Cavalry, or “The Louisiana Cavalry”) was organized, effective 11 SEP 1861, and was based at Baton Rouge. Called to Bowling Green, Kentucky in the Winter of 1861/2, the cavalry unit was initially prevented from engaging in demanding duties, due to an outbreak of measles. Then, having survived that epidemic, Scott’s Louisiana Cavalry rode west to take part in the Fort Donelson defense… only to have General Buckner assign the unit to the opposite bank of the Cumberland River (some said “to prevent Union artillery from occupying that position,” while others believed, “it was to make sure the measles did not get spread.”) Whatever the reason, Colonel Scott’s Cavalry was outside, across the river from Fort Donelson when that stronghold was surrendered on 16 FEB; and the unit returned east, made its way to Nashville, and became a part of General A.S. Johnston’s redeploy south towards Huntsville. On March 9th a battalion of Scott’s Cavalry took part in a skirmish against elements of the 4th Ohio Cavalry (belonging to Ormsby Mitchel’s Division, Buell’s Army of the Ohio) at Granny White’s Pike. After holding that Federal force at bay, the 1st Louisiana Cavalry moved south to Columbia Tennessee (and was likely responsible for burning bridges in vicinity, which slowed the advance of General Buell, delaying his join with General Grant at Savannah.) Racing away from Columbia, the Louisiana Cavalry appears to have ridden south (and probably took up the line of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad, heading west) and next shows up for the Battle of Shiloh (as indicated in the Letter of 13 April published in the New Orleans Daily Crescent of 30 APR 1862.) Major David W. Reed in Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged, page 88, also indicates the “Louisiana Cavalry” was somehow involved with the Battle (listed as “unattached,” but likely part of Breckinridge’s Reserve Corps, acting in cooperation with Forrest’s Cavalry against the Union left.) After Shiloh, Scott’s Louisiana Cavalry took station at Burnsville; but by the end of April, the unit was heading east… and on May 1st harassed General Ormsby Mitchel (the man responsible for cutting the M & C R.R.) in vicinity of Huntsville. For the remainder of the war, the 1st Louisiana Cavalry went from strength to strength: sometimes operating closely with Nathan Bedford Forrest; and at other times, operating as a Brigade of Cavalry, under Colonel John Scott. Significant campaigns include Bragg’s Kentucky Invasion (operating with Kirby Smith); Pegram’s Kentucky Raid; Tullahoma Campaign; Chickamagua; Chattanooga. Recalled to Louisiana early in 1864, Scott’s Cavalry spent the entire year harassing Union troops across the State; then rode into Mississippi to disrupt Union operation of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad. Active mostly in Louisiana for the remaining months of the war, the 1st Louisiana Cavalry was surrendered as part of General Richard Taylor’s Army (to Union General Canby) on May 5th 1865. John Simms Scott survived the war… but passed away in 1872. Perhaps his untimely death contributed to the omission of the 1st Louisiana Cavalry from Confederate Order of Battle for the Battle of Shiloh? ---------------------------------------------------------------------- References: OR 10 Pages 7 – 8; and 878 D.W. Reed’s Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged, page 88. First Louisiana Cavalry at <tcc230.tripod.com> New Orleans Daily Crescent of 30 APR 1862 [In addition, an image of Colonel John S. Scott, 1st Louisiana Cavalry, is to be found on Pinterest.] Scott's Louisiana Cavalry.docx
  4. Ozzy

    Failure to Report

    Joe Thanks for having a look at this topic. In response, I have created a new topic, "Colonel C.F. Smith and Seniority," which lays the groundwork for actual pecking order of General officers during build-up at Pittsburg Landing (and quickly demonstrates the farce of claiming "Smith is senior.") Regards Ozzy
  5. I begin this post with a fact unknown to most Shiloh aficianados: Charles Ferguson Smith, although referred to as "General" Smith, was technically still Colonel Smith through the Fort Henry Campaign. When General Grant learned shortly afterwards that Smith's appointment had been held up in the U.S. Senate, Grant complained to Elihu Washburne (on about 10 FEB 1862) that "Smith must be confirmed, immediately." During the investment of Fort Donelson, C.F. Smith was informed by Major General Halleck (on 14 FEB) that the Senate had finally confirmed him as Brigadier General, with effective date of rank 31 AUG 1861. Why this matters? The frequent, and difficult to predict, promotion of Colonels to BGen, and BGen to Major General during the Civil War -- on both sides -- had potential to upset military planning and execution of those plans in the field (as evidenced during March and April 1862 during the lead-up to events that took place at Pittsburg Landing.) Seniors refused to be commanded by juniors (upheld by Laws of USA and CSA.) And, because Seniority between and among general officers was of some importance, listed below are Union general officers -- with association with Pittsburg Landing -- relative seniority effective on particular dates: April/ May March on Corinth: MGen Halleck -- Grant -- Buell -- Pope -- McClernand -- CF Smith (died 25 APR) -- Lew Wallace -- Ormsby Mitchel -- George Thomas -- WT Sherman -- EOC Ord -- Brigadier General T. W. Sherman (not WT Sherman) -- Hurlbut -- Sturgis -- Wm."Bull" Nelson -- Garfield -- Thos. Davies -- Isaac Quinby -- Oglesby -- John P. Cook -- WHL Wallace (died of wounds 10 APR) -- McArthur -- McCook -- Lauman -- John Logan -- Speed Fry -- Dodge -- Buford -- Ross -- Crittenden -- Hovey -- Veatch Pittsburg Landing on 18 MAR 1862: MGen Grant -- BGen Sherman -- Hurlbut -- Prentiss -- McClernand -- CF Smith -- Lew Wallace (Seniority among selected Colonels on 18 MAR: WHL Wallace -- McArthur -- Lauman) Pittsburg Landing after 21 MAR 1862: MGen Grant -- MGen Buell -- McClernand -- CF Smith -- Lew Wallace -- Brigadier General WT Sherman -- Hurlbut -- Prentiss -- Bull Nelson -- Oglesby -- John P. Cook -- WHL Wallace -- McArthur -- Lauman -- John Logan -- Ross Reference: https://archive.org/details/generalorderswa00deptgoog/page/n8 General Orders of the War Department [Charles F. Smiths late confirmation by the Senate was likely due to unfounded rumours, spread by his personal enemy, Eleazer Paine, detailing "improprieties in Paducah" which Henry Halleck had to personally investigate -- OR 7 page 929 and Teacher of Civil War Generals by Allen H. Mesch, pages 208 - 9. General Grant response to learning that Senate had not yet confirmed Smith as General on 10 FEB 1862 found in General E. A. Paine in Western Kentucky by Dieter Ullrich, et al... page 162, and Papers of US Grant, vol.4, page 188 (and 189).]
  6. Ozzy

    Scott's Louisiana Regiment

    Regarding the above excerpt from the New Orleans Daily Crescent, the "additional comment" continuing beyond the bottom of the Louisiana Cavalry article was left attached, to provide tangible evidence of European visitors to the Confederate Capital at Richmond, all intent on celebrating a promised Rebel Victory in the field... somewhere (which would then justify according President Davis's Government with Official Recognition.) The presence of these European observers helped inspire Confederate leaders to "gild the lily," and claim Shiloh as a Victory... and persist with that claim, despite evidence to the contrary, until the argument was made moot... by the Federal Occupation of New Orleans.
  7. Ozzy

    Another Flag of Truce

    Why is the above report of a Flag of Truce on Sunday, April 13th important? Although there is mention of several communications between Halleck and Beauregard taking place during Halleck's March on Corinth (which commenced end of April 1862) I was unaware of any contact made with Grant's Army after General Beauregard (via messenger under Flag of Truce) attempted to arrange for burial of Rebel remains, a day or two after Battle of Shiloh. Also included in the brief article of 15 April: Who the Confederate Flag of Truce sought out (Brigadier General Nelson) Confirmation that Major General Halleck was present. "Captain Richards was blindfolded" to prevent him seeing anything of military value. In addition, the article mentions a skirmish on 13 April 1862 involving Forrest's Cavalry (which would have been conducted by a junior officer, because Colonel Forrest was away having a wound tended.)
  8. Ozzy

    Scott's Louisiana Regiment

    The above article attributed to "S.R." of Scott's Louisiana Regiment holds surprising claims... one of which, "we made a forced march of 90 miles in two days," seems implausible... until it is realized that Colonel John S. Scott's unit was a Regiment of Cavalry. In addition to riding 90 miles, it appears that twelve of those miles were covered during the morning of April 6th. Given the above distances, Scott's Louisiana Regiment of Cavalry was likely on the line of the Memphis & Charleston Railroad, in vicinity of Decatur, Alabama, when orders were received on April 4th 1862 to, "Come west to take part in the fight." Of especial interest: Scott's Louisiana Regiment is not mentioned in the official Shiloh Confederate Order of Battle. Yet, the author of the above article indicates that his cavalry unit was present at the battle, both days. How can that be?
  9. Ran across the following Shiloh report in the New Orleans Daily Crescent of 30 APR 1862:
  10. It appears another Flag of Truce was sent by the Confederates to Union commanders at Pittsburg Landing, a week after Battle of Shiloh: [from Chronicling America The Semi-Weekly Shreveport News of 22 APR 1862 page 1.]
  11. Ozzy

    Odd Interlude

    Jim When I first encountered the above image in Harper's Weekly, it did not seem to make sense to have Beauregard at the "receiving end" of Andrew Foote's deliveries. (How could he be at Island No.10 when he was at Shiloh?) After discovering that PGT Beauregard was responsible for the Confederate defences along the Mississippi River, north of Louisiana... the image not only made sense, but became "clever" in what it was attempting to portray. All the best Ozzy Reference: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=hvd.hwajtr;view=1up;seq=769 OR 8 pages 759 - 760, 762 & 772. Van Dorn had control of the Trans-Mississippi (which appears to have included territory west of the Mississippi) while Beauregard headed the Department of the Mississippi (which included the River, and points east) and General Johnston commanded Department No.2 with an undefined boundary between Albert Sidney Johnston's Department and Beauregard's Department (which did not matter, end of March 1862, with the two armies associated with those departments united at Corinth... excluding the defenders of the Mississippi River fortifications.
  12. Ozzy

    Failure to Report

    "[...I was surprised to find another man] in charge of the division assigned to Major General Smith" -- from Shiloh Report of BGen Benjamin Prentiss. The identity of that "other man" has been removed, because in the current context, it does not matter: up until April 6th 1862, General Prentiss believed that Major General Charles F. Smith was in active command of the Second Division. If he was not specifically informed that General Smith was upstairs in the Cherry Mansion, recuperating from an injury to his leg, then he had no way of surmising such was the case (the ruse involving Smith's AAG, Captain McMichael, present at Pittsburg Landing and operating as if his General was there, too) may have worked too well, convincing General Prentiss that the Senior Officer, commanding the Second Division, was present on the campground of Pittsburg Landing. Therefore, when Prentiss informed Smith of what was taking place to his front, it was safe to assume Smith would disseminate that information to all those needing it (Sherman, McClernand, Grant) and make more active use of that information, as the on-scene Commander deemed necessary. The point: not only did the Shell Game (pretending C.F. Smith was senior to McClernand) prevent Major General McClernand from assuming his lawful seniority; and insistent reference to "Smith's Division" likely contributed to confused orders being delivered by Baxter to Lew Wallace... but the belief (by Prentiss) that the senior division commander was present on the field likely resulted in General Prentiss not sending notice to the "accepted acting-commander at Camp Shiloh," William Tecumseh Sherman. Efforts to deceive can have unintended consequences... Ozzy N.B. For those wondering, "What about couriers? Surely a dispatch rider delivering a message to General Smith at the HQ of the Second Division would realize that General Smith was not there." [The likely arrangement: Captain William McMichael took receipt of all communications.]
  13. Ozzy

    Odd Interlude

    I hate to admit it... but I've made another mistake (first dot point in above post.) See link, below: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z1Dz_mDegZg (There's a bowling alley in Milwaukee where they still set pins by hand.) Humbly Ozzy
  14. Ozzy

    Odd Interlude

    Timing is everything… Additional aspects that make the above image fascinating: · It is likely that most viewers of the image in 2018 had little awareness that 10-pin bowling had developed to such an extent; and that the lanes used and size of ball in 1862 would so closely resemble those in use at Bowling Alleys today. (Pins were still reset by hand, outside major cities, until the 1950s). · The Battle of Shiloh took place 6 & 7 April 1862. And the Campaign for Island No.10 reached its conclusion on 7 & 8 April, with the Navy gunboats (Foote) taking the surrender of the gun emplacements late on April 7th; and the Rebel garrison (Mackall) attempting to escape by fleeing to Tiptonville. But, Major General Pope’s forces (along with two ironclads) had forced their way downstream of Island No.10 and crossed the Mississippi River, to approach the Confederate garrison from the rear. And, when it was realized what were General Mackall’s intentions, Pope raced his men to Tiptonville, and cut off the escape route, forcing surrender of over 7000 Rebel defenders on the afternoon of April 8th. · Timing is everything… Foote sent a communication late on April 7th (via dispatch boat to end of the telegraph line at Cairo) informing Halleck of surrender of the guns at Island No.10 and a second communication was sent by Foote morning of April 8th. Meanwhile, General Pope had extended the telegraph line south to New Madrid, and when he reported the capture of over 7000 men at 7 p.m. on April 8th, that telegram reached Henry Halleck within minutes. And Halleck relayed the great news to Washington, and began making plans for Pope to join Grant’s operation against Corinth (without yet realizing that a major battle had been fought at Pittsburg Landing.) · In the above image, the Lincoln figure at left gazes at the Scoreboard, hand holding the chalk, uncertain how to score The Battle of Shiloh. That quandary would be resolved a few days after the 26 April 1862 edition of Harper’s Weekly hit the streets, with the arrival of welcome news from New Orleans (bumping depressing news from Shiloh off the front page of Northern newspapers.)
  15. Ozzy

    Failure to Report

    Sometimes, facts hide in plain sight... While re-reading the history of events that took place from just after midnight (in the wee hours of April 6th 1862) it occurred to me: General Prentiss in his Shiloh report records sending notice of the attack in progress to Commanders of the 2nd Division and 4th Division, and to Colonel Stuart; and requests for assistance from the 2nd and 4th Divisions. But, Prentiss does not indicate that he informed the Acting Campground Commander (W. T. Sherman) of the Confederate attack. Why not? In General Sherman's Shiloh report, he admits to requesting reinforcement from McClernand (1st Division) and to "alerting Hurlbut to the need to reinforce Prentiss" ...and to General Prentiss, "alerting him that the enemy was in our front, in force." As Prentiss's Sixth Division was obviously under attack for some time before Sherman's own 5th Division felt the sting, this "sending of alert to Prentiss" smacks of mild rebuke, "for not informing the Campground Commander -- acting, of what was taking place." The question: "Why did not Prentiss notify Sherman?"
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