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Ozzy

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Everything posted by Ozzy

  1. Ozzy

    Terminology from French

    At the beginning of the 19th Century, Napoleon was seen as "the greatest military leader of recent times," and French was naturally the language to be learned in order to facilitate the study of Napoleon and his strategy and tactics. In the process, French terms for military ranks, units, movements, weaponry, etc were reaffirmed as "the correct terms" for universal understanding (and new French terms were incorporated into American military terminology.) The following link: a publication provided to American soldiers deployed to Europe in 1917 (with attention being directed to French Military Terms on pages 7 - 16.) https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.$b260555;view=1up;seq=5 French for the Army and Navy (1917). [And for a brief discussion of how French military tactics influenced the course of instruction at West Point: https://www.historynet.com/french-lessons-west-point.htm French Lessons at West Point, initially taught by Francis De Masson from 1803 - 1812 and making certain that military terms such as bastion, glacis and abatis were incorporated, and followed later by empennage, fuselage, nacelle, and aileron (when the airplane entered service.]
  2. Ozzy

    Do You Know Grant?

    Mona Cadets at West Point were provided with training to make accurate sketches and maps, quickly. But U.S. Grant may have possessed more talent than the average cadet: https://mostinterestingfacts.wordpress.com/2009/05/22/ulysses-s-grant-artist/ (Example of artwork created by Grant at West Point.)
  3. Ozzy

    Do You Know Grant?

    Welcome to 2019... and your first quiz of the year. These seven questions relate to Ulysses S. Grant, well before Battle of Shiloh: Hiram Ulysses Grant was appointed to West Point, Class of 1843, from which State? Grant, when describing his Mexican War service, claimed to have been involved in every major battle, except one. Which one? While courting Julia Dent, Ulysses Grant seriously considered leaving the U.S. Army and pursuing a career as educator at university. What subject did Grant intend to teach? In which slave State did Grant and his family reside, prior to the Secession Crisis? General Grant's appearance at Belmont. Who suggested he trim his beard? If poverty, and the Civil War, had not interfered, in which State did U.S. Grant have hopes of settling in and raising his family? True of False. Ulysses S. Grant, who suffered frequent migraine headaches, was prescribed brandy as treatment for those headaches.
  4. Ozzy

    Do You Know Grant?

    During this "quiet season," here are a few more bits of wit attributed to U. S. Grant: General Grant was asked, "What would you have done with Gideon Pillow if you had captured him at Fort Donelson?" The General pondered, then replied, "Why, I would have turned him loose, of course. It's much better for us to have Pillow in command of Rebels, than tucked away as a prisoner." "What is your favorite music, General?" someone asked Grant. The question caught Ulysses S. Grant (a man who believed "music" was one of the triggers for migraine headache) momentarily off guard. "I have no ear for music," he replied. "In fact, I only know two tunes: one is "Yankee Doodle," and the other isn't." U.S. Grant was the first United States President to play golf... but not very well. During one outing, he is reported to have swung at the ball -- and missed -- more than he made contact. When asked afterwards, "What do you think of golf, General Grant?" the President replied, "Very good exercise," and nodded. "But, I fail to see the purpose of the little ball."
  5. Ozzy

    Shelby Foote

    Mona The 1983 Shelby Foote interview is mentioned on google in the following format: MPB Classics: Postscripts: Shelby Foote -- A 1983 conversation with Mississippi author and historian Shelby Foote and will be broadcast at 4:30 pm on Wednesday 9 JAN 2019: https://www.tvpassport.com/tv-listings/stations/pbs-mississippi-public-broadcasting/2200 (scroll down to 4:30 pm.) [Note: On closer examination, the "tvpassport.com" site automatically converted to Adelaide Time, so 4:30 was Australia Central Daylight Savings Time... which was over four hours ago. Don't know when Mississippi Public Broadasting intends to run the programme again...]
  6. Ozzy

    Shelby Foote

    Review of Shelby Foote’s Shiloh: a novel This work was encountered while searching for YouTube recordings of Shelby Foote. And being a work of fiction, the time required to read it was weighed against the probable value of investing that time… but Shelby Foote’s Shiloh was read, anyway. If ever there was a book that epitomized, “Don’t judge me by my cover,” this is it. Being a work of “fiction,” author Foote uses observant characters – men who could have existed, but did not – to tell their stories, and relate the experiences of their comrades, much in the same way James Michener unfolded his sweeping sagas. And being a work of fiction, Shiloh: a novel presents a collection of vignettes, told by five different combattants and one squad of soldiers, presented chronologically, relating what Foote believed to be “the most important aspect of Battle of Shiloh taking place at that time.” Lieutenant Metcalfe begins the story, telling the experience of Confederate troops marching north from Corinth (and along the way, Albert Sidney Johnston and PGT Beauregard are described through interactions.) Captain Fountain, Adjutant of the 53rd Ohio, picks up the story where Metcalfe leaves off, and introduces Colonel Jesse Appler and General W.T. Sherman. A private belonging to the 6th Mississippi describes his unit’s tragic advance against Sherman’s division; and a gunner from Munch’s Minnesota Battery describes that unit’s participation in the fighting (and why he “lost his nerve, and joined the stragglers fleeing for the Landing, just before the Hornet’s Nest surrendered.”) Sergeant Polly, a scout serving with Colonel Forrest’s Cavalry, describes the aftermath of the surrender of Prentiss; Beauregard calling a halt to offensive action with the arrival of night; and observing the arrival of Buell; and trying to get “someone in authority” to take action before Grant’s Army is reinforced. A twelve-man squad of Indiana troops, belonging to Lew Wallace’s division, describes the fight on Day Two. (And there is a description of the action at Fallen Timbers.) A comprehensive telling of The Battle, 240 pages long, it is well worth the time invested to read Shelby Foote’s Shiloh: a novel. https://archive.org/details/shilohanovel012435mbp/page/n6 Shiloh: a novel by Shelby Foote (1952).
  7. Ozzy

    Shelby Foote

    Mona The following link is to the Worldwide Library Catalogue, OCLC (which indicates the 1983 Shelby Foote interview is available at many libraries as VHS tape.) Tried finding the interview on YouTube, but no luck, so far. https://www.worldcat.org/title/shelby-foote/oclc/12327811
  8. Ozzy

    Do You Know Grant?

    Grant’s Little Jokes For the past year or two, every instance of a joke or funny story attributed to U.S. Grant has been recorded as it was encountered; not as productive a venture as might be supposed, because General Grant projected an image, a presence, of “serious, no-nonsense gravitas.” Grant appeared “too busy to be funny; too seriously engaged to allow humor to color his simply-business, deadly serious professional conduct.” While preparing this discussion paper, the following assertion of Grant’s humor emerged: https://warstoriescast.com/2017/10/24/library-conversation-with-dr-john-marszalek/ Worth a read to get someone else’s take on the subject. Meanwhile, here are jokes and funny stories attributed to Ulysses S. Grant: · “You can’t march through that swamp, Jacob Ammen. I will send transports for you next week [to ferry you across from Hamburg Landing to Hamburg, after you and your men complete a 12-mile march.]” · “There is a water battery. Study it well.” – Said to Surgeon John Brinton during trip up Cumberland River aboard towboat W.H.B. in response to Brinton’s question, “What is a water battery?” And smacks of “Get me a left-handed monkey wrench.” · Allowing Brigadier General William Tecumseh Sherman to persist in calling his force “the First Division,” knowing that conduct would irritate Brigadier General John McClernand, in command of the original First Division. · The initiation and continuance of “the Shell Game” at Pittsburg Landing (claiming General C.F. Smith was still “at Pittsburg Landing,” but “just temporarily absent due to illness” in order to install W.T. Sherman as “acting commander of the campground.”) The joke was at the expense of John McClernand… again. · “General Grant intends to give you the opportunity to be shot in every important move” – Grant to Lew Wallace, via aide William Hillyer, following the success (at the cost of Wallace disregarding orders) at Fort Donelson. · In Missouri in 1861, General Grant advanced his troops and in process, heard about a local woman, Mrs. Selvidge, renowned for her home cooking. But when Grant fronted up to the cook’s home, he was told by her that, “She could not prepare a meal for the General because a squad of his cavalry had visited earlier, and cleaned her out – ate everything she had, except for a pie.” The General had a look at the pie, handed Mrs. Selvidge fifty cents, and turned to depart. “Aren’t you going to take your pie?” asked the cook. “Oh, no. Hold onto it for me.” And General Grant mounted his horse and took his departure. At his new headquarters, Grant determined the identity of the cavalry unit, and sent its commander the following order, just before midnight: “Having visited Mrs. Selvidge and eaten almost everything she had, except for one pie, you will depart immediately for Mrs. Selvidge’s and eat that pie, too.” · After enjoying success at Fort Donelson, Grant “knew” that the next logical step was occupation of Nashville. And he was disheartened by delay and procrastination, most revealed by Brigadier General Don Carlos Buell, who asserted, “The Rebels may have departed, but they have every intention of returning to Nashville” – a claim that newly minted Major General Grant did not believe. But, in “showing his acceptance of Buell’s claim,” Grant pressed upon Buell the offer of BGen C.F. Smith’s division, in order to secure Union possession of Nashville… and he had Buell put that request in writing… and then sent Smith from Clarksville to Nashville. Rbn3 in a post of 3 MAR 2017 offers the following: “Undistinguished and often shabby in appearance, Ulysses S. Grant did not recommend himself to strangers by looks. He once entered the Desoto House at Galena, Illinois, on a stormy winter's night. A number of lawyers, in town for a court session, were clustered around the fire. One looked up as Grant appeared and said, "Here's a stranger, gentlemen, and by the looks of him he's travelled through hell itself to get here." "That's right," said Grant cheerfully. "And how did you find things down there?" "Just like here," replied Grant, "lawyers all closest to the fire."
  9. Ozzy

    Do You Know Grant?

    Mona Well Done! All answers correct. And now a confession about this quiz: my daughter gave me a Civil War biography for Christmas. All of the seven above traits and factoids IRT U.S. Grant are contained in Ron Chernow's "Grant" (2017). Again, good work, Mona: persistence pays. Ozzy
  10. Ozzy

    Do You Know Grant?

    Mona Thanks for having a look and attempting this General Grant quiz. Your answers, so far: #1 Grant did indeed find himself appointed to West Point from Ohio... although he had to undergo a "name change" from H. U. Grant to Ulysses S. Grant in order to accept the appointment. For the rest of his life, U. S. Grant found curious pleasure in responding to questions IRT his name with "whatever answer the questioner would accept" as accurate: sometimes he "did not want the initials H.U.G. due to likelihood of hazing" and sometimes "the S stood for Simpson, his mother's maiden name." He got his nickname -- Sam -- from a shortened version of the interpretation of U.S. Grant (where U.S. was deemed to represent "Uncle Sam," eventually shortened to Sam.) Ultimately, Grant admitted that the S which stood in place of his middle name "stood for nothing." #2 Buena Vista, the "most significant battle of the War with Mexico" ...and Grant was not there. From my read of Grant, when discussing this aspect of his military service, there was a twinge of regret that "he'd missed the big one." Similarly, Sherman and Ord did not brag up their Mexican War service, having spent the war in California. #6 California beckoned to U.S. Grant, but events beyond his control stifled that dream. #7 Migraine headache and U.S. Grant: the General in his Memoirs makes almost as much mention of "not touching alcohol" as admitting "he got sick headaches" (only the one headache before Lee surrendered at Appomattox is admitted.) There is proof, mostly found in letters, that General Grant suffered from migraine every three or four months (although Julia indicates he got one every three or four weeks, for which she would apply the treatment of mustard and compresses, as you make mention.) However, there are also sources that record, "a physician prescribed brandy to General Grant for the treatment of migraine." So far, so good... only three answers remaining 🙂
  11. Ozzy

    Most important times

    After a bit of deliberation, came up with the following as The Most Critical Times at Shiloh: 4:55 a.m. First contact. (Some record this time as 5:15, probably due to watch error.) 9:05 Brigadier General Prentiss retires with most of his artillery (and the sturdy bits of his infantry) to what will become the Hornet's Nest. 10 a.m. The "key time" for General Sherman: after meeting with General Grant, things start to fall apart on the Union Right. 2 p.m. Buell arrives at Pittsburg Landing and meets with Grant (despair caused by "no reinforcements" evaporates, replaced by Hope.) 2:30 Colonel Webster begins assembling Grant's Last Line (from all available artillery.) General Albert Sidney Johnston dies. 5:29 The exact time recorded by General Prentiss that he, and those stalwarts with him, surrendered. 6:25 p.m. Sunset. General Beauregard calls a halt to offensive operations. Can you think of any other times on Sunday 6 April 1862 more deserving of inclusion on the above list?
  12. Ozzy

    Most important times

    Stan Part of the difficulty with tracking troop movements during Battle of Shiloh -- USA and CSA -- results from lack of a standardized time. Although the U.S. Navy (in form of two timberclads) possessed highly accurate Time, no use of that Time was made by the U.S. Army (content with setting watches by "meridian passage" i.e. "high noon.") Probably, Confederate soldiers set their time pieces by meridian passage, too. It would be possible to "backward engineer" one correct time for actions and movements during Battle of Shiloh... except, allowance would still be necessary for "estimated time" and "fabricated time" (such as "Grant's arrival on Sunday morning at Pittsburg Landing.") Perhaps, a challenge too immense... Regards Ozzy
  13. Ozzy

    Most important times

    Mona In a Letter dated 3 APR 1862 to wife Julia, General Grant indicated "he sent his watch (an heirloom from his brother, Simpson) home, in trust of Mr. Safford of Cairo Illinois" [Papers US Grant, vol. 5 pages 7 - 8.] Although General Grant had sent for a replacement (a plain, silver watch) there was no opportunity for that timepiece to arrive before Battle of Shiloh. Cheers Ozzy
  14. Ozzy

    The Wounded and the Field Hospital

    Not too far off topic... Shiloh and the Purple Heart According to wikipedia, The Purple Heart award has its origins as the “ The Badge of Military Merit” first awarded by General George Washington in 1782 (the tangible decoration a piece of purple cloth in the shape of a heart.) As result of the sacrifice and battle wounds suffered by Americans during World War One, it was believed fitting to institute a new award, to recognize combat veterans (but the discussion and proposals dragged on through the 1920s and 1930s). And before a decision was reached, and the “activation” of the Purple Heart was instituted, by Executive Order of the President of the United States, effective 22 FEB 1932 – the 200th Anniversary of George Washington’s birth… it was discovered that “the original” award had never lapsed, but been simply forgotten. Therefore, hundreds of thousands of men from past wars were potentially eligible for the updated award (during the Great Depression, at a significant cost to the U.S. Government.) Therefore, it was stipulated that “in order to receive the Purple Heart Award for service prior to 1917, the veteran claiming that award had yet to be alive.” Because of its pedigree, the Purple Heart is recognized as “the oldest American military decoration.” And because of restrictions, only a handful of Shiloh veterans ever received the Purple Heart (but all of the men wounded while fighting for the North were technically eligible for the Badge of Military Merit.) References: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Purple_Heart https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Badge_of_Military_Merit https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1935-02-24/ed-1/seq-76/#date1=1932&index=1&rows=20&words=PURPLE+Purple+purple&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=District+of+Columbia&date2=1938&proxtext=Purple+&y=11&x=13&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1
  15. Ozzy

    Barrett's Battery B

    Review of To Rescue My Native Land by Wm. T. Shepherd It is not often that letters and diaries compiled by artillerymen during the Civil War are encountered, and this collection is a gem: the “Civil War Letters of William T. Shepherd.” Native of Wisconsin, who enlisted in Chicago as Private in Taylor’s Battery B, 1st Illinois Light Artillery 16 July 1861, Private Shepherd (sometimes spelled Shepard) is a gifted, intelligent writer who sent letters to friends and family back in Illinois on a daily basis. Encountered in the many letters: · Camp life (and looking forward to letters, newspapers and parcels from home) · Details of duty (and October 1861 Skirmish at Fredericktown) in Missouri · Description of duty (and Christmas) at Bird’s Point, Missouri. Letter of 10 NOV 1861 describes participation in Battle of Belmont. Letter of 9 JAN 1862 reveals “everyone at Cairo, Fort Holt and Bird’s Point is under Marching Orders” (which everyone believes is for “somewhere down the Mississippi River…”) Instead, a feint is conducted to the east of Fort Columbus, which “confuses everyone”). Letter of 1 FEB 1862: under Marching Orders, again… 8 FEB 1862: describes “how easily their Fort Henry became ours.” 16 FEB: Letter begins “while besieging Fort Donelson” and describes previous four days of activity, and ends abruptly when orders arrive to “reposition the Battery.” (See 21 FEB letter.) 28 FEB: “Our Captain Taylor has just returned from a visit to Nashville…” 12 MAR: aboard steamer Silver Moon, going up the Tennessee River… 21 MAR: at Savannah, returning to steamer for move up river… 23 MAR letter written from Pitsburg Landing. “Arrived aboard John J. Roe. There are 75000 men at this place, and more arriving constantly…” 25 MAR: “Captain Taylor has been promoted, and Lieutenant Barrett is now in command of the Battery.” Letters of 8 APR and 14 APR 1862: aftermath of Battle of Shiloh. And more good news: Private William Shepherd (who was promoted to Sergeant Major by the end of the War) also kept a Diary… Cheers Ozzy To Rescue My Native Land: the Civil War Letters of William T. Shepherd (edited by Kurt H. Hakemer) Tennessee University Press 2005 (365 pages) is available at amazon.con and better libraries. [Limited access: https://books.google.com.au/books?id=a6HQRB6UimYC&pg=PA331&lpg=PA331&dq=israel+p.+rumsey+letter&source=bl&ots=JG_cwqaoUX&sig=dQa8blZoWwiMXVAQGfu3JkaSAHE&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiIg5yUx4nfAhUF448KHReGDdcQ6AEwBXoECAkQAQ#v=onepage&q=israel p. rumsey letter&f=false And for those able to visit Kenosha, Wisconsin: https://museums.kenosha.org/civilwar/wp-content/uploads/sites/4/2018/05/Wisconsin-Resources-for-Website.pdf Civil War letters and diaries on file
  16. Ozzy

    Barrett's Battery B

    "The Battery Then" http://taylors-battery.com/battery_then.htm is another excellent resource for information on Taylor's Chicago Light Artillery, Battery B currently with details of Ezra Taylor, Israel Parsons Rumsey, Timothy Blaisdell and Charles Affeld; as well, Letters and diaries describing the participation of Battery B at Belmont, Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Vicksburg, and more are either available now, or will arrive in the near future (scroll down to links). Taylor's Battery Then... is an extensive subset of Taylor's Battery Now (a reinactment unit created in 1989) http://taylors-battery.com/table_of_contents.htm
  17. Lieutenant Israel Parsons Rumsey Chicago Light Artillery Battery B Born in 1836 in Genesee County, New York and product of a comfortable, loving home and efficient school system, Israel P. Rumsey heeded the call to “Go West,” and in early 1857 made his way to Iowa, where he intended to set himself up in the new State Capital, then building at Fort Des Moines. Unfortunately, young Rumsey crossed the Mississippi River as farm produce prices hit the skids (precursor to Panic of 1857, which gripped the Northern States a few months later) and hearing sad tales of other hopefuls returning east from Des Moines – “No work” – I.P. Rumsey altered course; he decided to try his luck in Keokuk, instead. Having experience as a clerk in wholesale and retail back East, the young man soon found employment in a local store (on a wage of $20 per month.) After a few months, he used that experience to acquire a newspaper route; and when his original Keokuk employer pleaded that he return (at nearly double his original wage) Rumsey sold the newspaper route to another man for $50 and a compass, and spent his remaining time in Keokuk working for Hitchcock’s… until learning that “Chicago was the place to be.” In 1858 I.P. Rumsey left Iowa, never to return. Following on two years of relative success in the commission business in Chicago, Rumsey got caught up in War Fever following the attack on Fort Sumter, left his business, and helped raise a company of men for the Chicago Light Artillery. Mustered into service on May 2nd 1861, the new unit was designated Battery B (and for his assistance in recruiting, Rumsey was appointed Second Lieutenant.) The new unit, under Captain Ezra Taylor, was soon sent south and helped defend Cairo and Bird’s Point, Missouri. In January 1862 Battery B became part of the buildup for an operation on the Tennessee River, assigned to McClernand’s Division. Following success at Fort Henry, the Battery followed McClernand’s Division east, and got caught up fighting against the Rebel breakout on February 15th. In the after-action report, McClernand gives Taylor’s Battery a glowing review; and in Colonel WHL Wallace’s Fort Donelson report, Lieutenant Rumsey, on Wallace’s staff, serving as AAG and ADC, receives favourable mention. In the buildup of Federal forces at Pittsburg Landing, Taylor’s Battery remained with McClernand’s First Division until the first week of April (when Battery B was transferred to the 5th Division; Ezra Taylor was promoted to Major and assigned as Sherman’s Chief of Artillery; and Samuel Barrett was promoted Captain and took command of Battery B.) And I.P. Rumsey remained with WHL Wallace when he was promoted to Brigadier General; and transferred with him to Smith’s Second Division (where Captain William McMichael was found established as Assistant Adjutant General). During the Battle of Shiloh, Lieutenant Rumsey acted as courier and ADC for General Wallace. (It was Rumsey who went in search of the fugitive Colonel Thomas Sweeny; requested, unsuccessfully, for General McClernand to “close the gap” and reconnect to WHL Wallace’s right; and found “McArthur’s force had been moved by someone, from where it was supposed to act in support of Colonel Stuart.”) After the war, back home in Chicago, Israel Rumsey revealed in his writings that, “the compass he acquired in Keokuk served him faithfully on the many battlefields where he found himself.” References: OR 7 pages 170 and 197 – 8. Life and Letters of General WHL Wallace by Isabel Wallace, pages 152, 160 – 3, 190 – 3. “Young Man on his Way Up” by Lida L. Greene, Annals of Iowa, vol.39 pp.546 – 550 (1969) Israel Parsons Rumsey Papers SDG "Epic Day of Hiking" post by Hank of 28 NOV 2012. SDG "Barrett's Battery B" created 6 DEC 2018. https://www.lflbhistory.org/media-gallery/detail/55/60 Lake Forest History Center bio of Israel P. Rumsey (with photo) http://taylors-battery.com/2nd Lt. Israel Rumsey.htm https://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/acm/art-1b.html Roster of 1st Illinois Light Artillery Battery B https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/133931276/israel-parsons-rumsey https://www.chipublib.org/fa-american-civil-war-photographs-and-images-and-grand-army-of-the-republic-photographs-and-images/
  18. Ozzy

    Julia Dent Grant

    As we know, Julia Dent Grant had a profound influence on her husband, including support, advocate, confidant. When separated by military duty, the two exchanged letters almost daily: it could be said that Julia was General Grant's rock. The linked website is recently constructed, and one of the best biographies of its kind to be found on the internet, as "First Lady Julia Grant" contains information about family, friends, locations of homes and travel involving herself and General Grant not easily found elsewhere: Frederick T. Dent: Grant's West Point roommate (and Julia's brother) photographs of Grant family homes photographs of Julia and Ulysses Grant at significant events family photographs of the Grants. http://www.firstladies.org/biographies/firstladies.aspx?biography=19 Brief biography of Julia Dent Grant.
  19. Ozzy

    Julia Dent Grant

    The Memoirs After her husband's death, Julia Dent Grant contemplated selling her extensive Letter Collection; and she set to work on a "personal biography" (which expanded into a Memoirs, which appears to have been nearly complete, but never published.) In about 1970 John Y. Simon (intimately connected with The Papers Of U.S. Grant) obtained the rights to publish that work by Mrs. Grant, and in 1975 it was released to the public by Putnam of New York. The Personal Memoirs of Julia Dent Grant (with Introduction by Bruce Catton) has been reprinted several times, and is available on amazon.com. The work is of value because it reveals in Mrs. Grant's own words, her evaluation of, and interaction with key Civil War personalities, including William Tecumseh Sherman, Edwin Stanton, John Rawlins, President and Mrs. Lincoln, the Hillyer Family (Captain William Hillyer was ADC to General Grant) ...and of course, "Ulys" Grant. The book begins with a discussion of Grant's drinking problem; moves into description of Julia Dent's childhood in Missouri, near St. Louis; reveals the courtship of Jules and Ulysses; the pre-war years; the Civil War years; Grant's Presidency, and world travels. Of obvious benefit for revealing a side of Ulysses Grant not frequently seen, excerpts of the book are accessible via Search Box at this link: https://books.google.com.au/books?redir_esc=y&id=tQaZhxwbLB8C&q=Lincoln#v=snippet&q=Lincoln&f=false Mrs. Grant's Memoirs
  20. Ozzy

    Julia Dent Grant

    The above is a great starting point... and for those wishing to use Julia Grant's role as confidant to General Grant to better advantage, the Letters written by Grant to his wife are to be found scattered through the 30 - plus volumes of The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant. In order to quickly find the letters distributed throughout each 400 page volume: select a volume at https://cdm16631.contentdm.oclc.org/digital/collection/USG_volume/id/17030/rec/4 place "Julia" in the Search Box, and hit [enter] every reference to Julia returns, presented as a list. [ The General always addressed his wife as "Julia," and signed off as "Ulys." ] U.S. Grant included details in letters to his wife (such as being without a watch at Shiloh) not to be found elsewhere.
  21. Ozzy

    Shiloh Primary Sources No.2

    https://archive.org/details/catalogueoflibra00nichuoft/page/696 Catalogue of Library of LtCol John P. Nicholson (published 1914.) LtCol Nicholson must have been engrossed with the History of the Civil War; during the course of his life, he amassed the best collection of references (superior, even, to most University libraries.) Containing reference to diaries, letters, memoirs, biographies, this catalog acts as a bibliography revealing the existence of most known, and many obscure, Civil War resources. Found during my own perusal were resources concerning U.S. Grant, William T. Sherman, Leonidas Polk, PGT Beauregard, Whitelaw Reid. Maps of battlefields. MOLLUS records. (The above link at archive.org opens to the entries for works by David W. Reed.) After learning of the existence of a reference, search Google (or other search engine) and find its current location... Cheers Ozzy N.B. See also "Shiloh Primary Sources" of 20 SEP 2018 at Shiloh Discussion Group.
  22. Ozzy

    Shiloh Primary Sources No.2

    While searching for early biographies of General U.S. Grant ran across an interesting item on page 335 of Nicholson's Catalogue: "Game of Confederate Heroes." A modern reproduction of this 1863 card game: https://www.ccsutlery.com/store/games-cards-confederate-generals.html Cheers Ozzy
  23. Ozzy

    Hero of Chattanooga

    Hero of Chattanooga The 1864 Biography of Ulysses S. Grant Have given this particular article its title due to the fact it refers to the first biography of General U.S. Grant, published by Julian K. Larke of New York in March 1864 (after the stunning victory of Grant’s Army at Chattanooga, and before it was known “how the war would end.”) For our purposes, pages 50 – 97 are the most interesting, beginning with “the Seizure of Paducah” on 6 SEP 1861 (we are informed that John Fremont had no role in Grant’s decision to take possession of that strategically important Ohio River port.) Battle of Belmont runs from pages 53 – 58 (with excellent List of General Grant’s Staff Officers.) Also, an interesting relationship with Eleazer Paine is introduced, concerning atrocities committed by Southern citizens of Missouri against U.S. troops at Bird’s Point; and subsequently details “imperfect plans” provided to the Press, and potential spies, by General Grant, to keep real intentions and military movements from being known. Fort Henry occupies pages 66 – 69 (and John McClernand’s assignment as commander of the First Division is revealed.) The description of Fort Donelson is a good summary, except it ignores the roles played by John McClernand and John McArthur in facilitating the breakout attempt of Saturday morning 15 FEB 1862. Also, no credit is accorded Lew Wallace for sapping the momentum of the Confederate breakout. And, of course, ample coverage is provided to the Unconditional Surrender (although, the breaching of the topic of “Grant’s intemperance” following victory at Fort Donelson is unexpected; as is possible complicity by Henry Halleck...) Beginning with “Grant’s new District of West Tennessee,” leading to the occupation of Clarksville, followed by the Return to Federal control of Nashville (with no mention made of Grant’s role there) and concluding with “Grant’s army moved up the Tennessee River,” the two or three weeks following Fall of Fort Donelson are carefully massaged to present U.S. Grant in the best light. The buildup to the Battle of Shiloh begins page 84, with emphasis on destroying Confederate railroads. And the Battle, itself – including Buell’s importance; the issue of “surprise” and the role of Prentiss; and the inclusion of William Carroll’s Battle of Pittsburg article – all are covered pages 86 – 97 (which concludes with mention of Sherman’s advance on April 8th.) General Grant and his Campaigns by Julian K. Larke (published 1864) is of value for learning how the Hero of Chattanooga was perceived, before he was called to Washington… before he ended up winning the war. https://archive.org/details/generalgrantandh00larkrich/page/n5 N.B. For those in search of "something more," the description of the Public Dinner attended by General Grant in St. Louis on 26 JAN 1864 is to be found pages 455 - 462; "Grant's Appearance and Character" are described pages 463 - 468. And in the Appendix, pages 15 - 23, a remarkable justification for General Grant's performance at Shiloh, presented before the House of Representatives on 2 May 1862, by Elihu Washburne. Julian K. Larke at find-a-grave https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/172074446/julian-k.-larke. https://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/lookupname?key=Larke%2c J. K. (Julian K.)&c=x other works by Julian K. Larke
  24. Ozzy

    Hero of Chattanooga

    As far as can be determined, Julian Larke's was the first complete biography of U.S. Grant available to the public (published 1864.) The other early biographies: Henry Coppee 1864 brief 3-page article that appeared in United States Service Magazine, June edition Henry Coppee 1866 complete biography, Grant and His Campaigns Adam Badeau 1867 Military History of Ulysses S. Grant U. S. Grant 1885 Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant Links: Coppee article in SDG topic "Personalities" -- "U. S. Grant" Coppee https://archive.org/details/granthiscampaign01lccopp/page/n5 Badeau https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000465085 U.S. Grant https://www.gutenberg.org/files/4367/4367-h/4367-h.htm
  25. Ozzy

    Name this man (2).

    We're all familiar with the story: a man claiming to be a graduate of West Point, Class of 1843, found work assisting the Governor of his State following the Emergency at Fort Sumter. Then, this man talked his way into being appointed Colonel of one of the State's first infantry regiments of volunteers. Later, in Missouri, this officer had an encounter that resulted in him being briefly removed from command... but things were put right, and this officer arrived at Pittsburg Landing in time to participate in Battle of Shiloh... as a Brigade Commander. Name this man. Hint: NOT Ulysses S. Grant.
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