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Everything posted by Ozzy

  1. Ozzy

    Peabody's headquarters marker

    Turns out this was not only the site of Peabody's HQ but the Chicago Daily Tribune of 28 APR 1862 front page column one indicates Colonel Peabody's body was initially buried "under his tent" (before being exhumed and relocated to Springfield Massachusetts) see https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1862-04-28/ed-1/seq-1/#date1=1862&sort=date&date2=1862&words=Everett&language=&sequence=0&lccn=&index=17&state=Illinois&rows=20&ortext=&proxtext=Everett&year=&phrasetext=&andtext=&proxValue=&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=3 .
  2. Ozzy

    First Capital to fall

    [Henry Burnett from Wikipedia.] A big, burly man, Henry Burnett (had he participated in Battle of Shiloh) could have been the antithesis of Army of the Ohio officer, William “Bull” Nelson... Born in Virginia in 1825, Henry moved with his family to Kentucky while young and was educated at Hopkinsville. Entering local politics in 1850, Henry Burnett parlayed his experience into a run for National politics, and was elected as Member of Congress, representing Kentucky's First District in 1854. During the next six years, Congressman Burnett developed a reputation as gifted speaker of biting oratory, able to shame into silence opponents. With the nation edging towards Disunion, Henry Burnett threw his support behind the Cotton States. Returned to the U.S. House of Representatives following the Special Kentucky election of June 1861, Henry Burnett devoted his energy elsewhere: in response to Brigadier General Bull Nelson forming Union Camp of Instruction at Camp Dick Robinson, a rival training ground was named Camp Burnett. And Congressman Burnett organized a regiment of Kentucky troops to oppose Federal incursion into the State (and was elected Colonel of what became the 8th Kentucky Infantry, CSA.) In November, Colonel Burnett chaired the Russellville Convention, which created a shadow government for Kentucky and elected George W. Johnson as Governor (and which resulted in Kentucky getting the 13th star on the Confederate flag.) Sometime after the CSA Capital of Kentucky was established at Bowling Green, Henry Burnett took the field and joined the 8th Kentucky Volunteers. (And on December 3rd 1861 Mr. Burnett was expelled from the U.S. House of Representatives.) Present at Fort Donelson, Henry Burnett took advantage of a steamer evacuating General Floyd and General Pillow and other important people, and made his escape before the surrender. Henry Cornelius Burnett died in 1866. References: https://completely-kentucky.fandom.com/wiki/Henry_Cornelius_Burnett https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Kentucky_Infantry http://sites.rootsweb.com/~orphanhm/campboone.htm Camp Boone, Camp Burnett and the Orphan Brigade https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_Representatives_from_Kentucky https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Donelson_Confederate_order_of_battle Colonel Burnett is not listed (but Generals Floyd and Pillow are...) https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024443/1862-02-28/ed-1/seq-1/#date1=1862&index=10&rows=20&words=Floyd&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=Tennessee&date2=1862&proxtext=Floyd&y=0&x=0&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1 Athens Tennessee Post of 28 FEB 1862 page one has details IRT Battle of Fort Donelson (and mentions the steamer used by General Floyd, General Pillow and 800 others to evacuate was the Anderson.) Elsewhere, this steamer is named as the "General Anderson."
  3. Ran across an extremely interesting 250 page Doctorate Dissertation on the Life of McPherson. Produced in 2016 this work by Eric Dudley sheds light on West Point Graduate McPherson that many of us either take for granted, or ignore. Some highlights: Born in 1828 Jimmy McPherson just “made the cut” before becoming too old for admission to the U.S. Military Academy. Graduating in 1853, Lieutenant McPherson was 24 years old and ranked Number One in his West Point Class. Initially assigned to Instructor duty at West Point, McPherson put his Engineer training to use at Fort Delaware (south of Philadelphia) improving that facility; then went to San Francisco in 1857 to complete the fort on Alcatraz Island. Still a Lieutenant in the Army Corps of Engineers during most of his stay in California, McPherson followed with interest the deterioration of the Nation taking place “Back East” via slow mail from New York – Panama – San Francisco (six weeks delayed.) With initiation of the Pony Express the delay in receiving news diminished to 8 – 12 days (with no telegraph to San Francisco during McPherson's stay.) Captain McPherson did not depart California (via steamer to Panama; then steamer to New York) until last week of July/ first week of August 1861. During McPherson's stay in California, he would have met Henry Halleck; become re-acquainted with William Tecumseh Sherman; and served under Albert Sidney Johnston. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/c6a4/98c03e2ee2cc70f6fe249be693588b0bb37a.pdf The Memory & Memorialization of James B. McPherson (2016)
  4. Item No.3: Rebel units involved According to published reports, the Rebel unit that initiated contact with a picket post manned by soldiers of the 70th Ohio Infantry was Clanton's 1st Alabama Cavalry. In effect, the advance elements of Grant's Army were engaged by advance units of General Johnston's Army. But, how can a mounted group “sneak up” on an attentive force of well posted infantry pickets? According to Surgeon Frank Riley, the Union pickets were playing Euchre (a card game imported to the United States by Belgium) and taken unawares... their attention was misdirected. Surgeon Riley also reports that “one of the card players was shot in the hand by the attacking Rebels.” https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1862-04-14/ed-1/seq-1/ Daily Chicago Tribune of 14 APR 1862 page one.
  5. Another curious aspect... Part of what makes “the skirmish” of 4 April 1862 difficult to comprehend, is that it appears to have commenced between 2 and 2:30 pm. And yet regiments were still falling into line late in the evening (with the last alerted regiments being dismissed about midnight.) Did this afternoon skirmish really persist until nearly midnight? Or was something else going on?
  6. Ozzy

    Who am I?

    For whatever reason, the Battle of Shiloh spawned Confederate veterans that gravitated towards “special operations,” with George Dixon and CSS Hunley, George P. Canning and CSS Shenandoah, and Jacob Thompson and the Canadian Cabinet... and this original member of Strawbridge's Louisiana and his special assignment. It would be difficult to find another battle that produced so many similar-minded individuals.
  7. Other considerations... 2 APR Lew Wallace's force moves towards Purdy. This “expedition” is misinterpreted and its size overstated, likely leading to initiation of Rebel advance from Corinth. 3 APR IAW orders dated April 2nd WHL Wallace is placed in temporary command of Smith's Second Division (and likely informed personally by Major General US Grant.) BGen Wallace writes his wife that day and informs her, “[he will move from the First Division to the Second Division] and assume command tomorrow.” 3 APR Lew Wallace tells US Grant of concern IRT possible Rebel move on him from Purdy. [This concern is repeated April 4th.] 3 APR Likely based on report that “the Tennessee River is falling” received from WT Sherman and Colonel Webster, General Grant orders rebuild of “Wallace Bridge” over Snake Creek. Colonel McPherson and a work party from the Second Division spend all day Friday rebuilding the bridge, with only the approaches remaining to be attached. [Without approaches, it would be extremely difficult to move artillery onto, and off of the bridge.] 3 APR Probing scout sent towards Monterey before dawn Thursday, authorized by Sherman (involving 5th Ohio cavalry and in conjunction with 54th Ohio, an attempt to ambush CSA cavalry.) Ambush unsuccessful; but several rebels captured [Papers of USG vol.5 p.5]. 3 APR Telegraph line from Savannah to Waynesboro completed, with first contact with General Bull Nelson that evening [Nelson is informed that his advance party has arrived.] As efforts to get telegraph to function are underway, US Grant is likely present at the shop on Main Street Savannah during much of Thursday and Friday observing events, and sending/receiving sample messages. References: SDG “Not just pictures...” post of 5 July 2017 [“Report of Special Correspondent of Cincinnati Gazette” dated 1 April 1862, which was published April 4th.] SDG “General Johnston, an 1885 Disagreement” post of 23 AUG 2019 [details move of Wallace towards Purdy on April 2nd and Confederate response.] Papers of US Grant vol.5 page 3 [General Nelson's advance in sight.] Papers of US Grant vol.5 pp.11 – 12 [April 4 report of Hammond to Rawlins.]
  8. [Life & Letters of WHL Wallace page 191.] The above report of an occurrence Saturday afternoon, 5 April 1862 is indicative of the information that will be revealed when "The Diary of I. P. Rumsey" is published...
  9. Mona Thanks for having a look at this topic, and I agree with your start time (2 – 2:30pm) and your list of Union forces that participated appears to be complete (48th OVI (one man, 1/LT Geer, serving as Staff officer to General Buckland) and 72nd OVI (of Sherman's Fifth Division) Buckland's 4th Brigade. 5th Ohio Cavalry, Co's B & H. And the Picket engaged belonged to the 70th OVI.) The events of April 4th had potential to develop into something more momentous, and yet the gunfire that erupted could NOT be heard at Crump's Landing; and many of the forces camped north and east of Sherman's Division were unaware that anything unusual had taken place that Friday afternoon.
  10. Belfoured Thanks for your continued interest in Pfaender and Peebles and Munch's Battery. I have attempted to find primary sources that confirm your claims, but without success. There is indeed “a mystery” concerning WHO commanded the section of howitzers during the Chickasaw Bluff recon (Pfaender claims he did; but there is an almost complete lack of a roster of participants in that expedition conducted by Sherman; and without knowing full details (i.e. did other officers of the battery go along; was anyone sick and left behind at Pittsburg Landing), all that can be made are assumptions.) These are the best references I have run across with significant mention of the 1st Minnesota Light Artillery and its key players: “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (1890 – 93) [contains details not in 2005.] “Minnesota in the Civil and Indian Wars” (2005) [contains info not in 1890 version.] OR 10 parts 1 and 2 OR 52 part 1 Minnesota Historical Society http://www.mnopedia.org/group/first-battery-minnesota-light-artillery http://libguides.mnhs.org/firstartillery 1st Minnesota Battery resources The Battle of Shiloh: the Union Armies (2019) by Lanny K. Smith Shiloh Discussion Group [a number of topics and posts on the SDG site, easily found by searching for “Minnesota” or “Munch” or “Pfaender” via Search Box at top of Home Page.] http://www2.mnhs.org/library/findaids/civwar04.pdf Report of the Shiloh Monument Commission William Pfaender http://www.mnopedia.org/person/pfaender-wilhelm-1826-1905 William Pfaender and New Ulm http://collections.mnhs.org/MNHistoryMagazine/articles/30/v30i01p024-035.pdf Brother of Mine: the Civil War Letters of Thomas and William Christie (2011). Cheers Ozzy
  11. The Weather and other References In a Letter dated 4 April 1862, Bugler Charles Dickey of Illinois reports the weather at Pittsburg Landing: “The weather is rather uncomfortable warm in the daytime, but the nights are delicious, just cool enough to sleep well.” BGen WHL Wallace in his Letter of 5 April to his wife reports the “skirmish in front of General Sherman's division,” and recalls, “last night brought storm and rain.” Confederate soldier L. I. Nixon, who began April 4th seven miles south of Shiloh Church recorded in his diary: “It commenced raining before day...” Lieutenant J.J. Geer reports “a torrent of rain” that fell on Friday afternoon, before sunset. General William Hardee, in his report following the April 4th Skirmish, recorded: “The rain fell in torrents, swelling streams to where they became impassible. Our planned overnight march [of 4/5 April] was cancelled.” Based on the above, it appears Friday, April 4th began with a clearing shower. The sun came out, and the day warmed (probably to the low 80s) before cloud and showers returned during the afternoon, turning into heavy rain and storms late in the evening, with rain persisting until daybreak on Saturday. [The same band of stormy weather allowed USS Carondelet to run the gauntlet at Island No.10 on Friday evening.] Here are a few other references that may be of use IRT Picket Skirmish of April 4th: SDG “Shiloh account, pre-battle patrols” by Stan Hutson on 20 AUG 2017. Geer, J.J. “A Yankee Loose in Dixie” (1862) pages 23 – 26 available online https://archive.org/stream/beyondlinesory00geer#page/25/mode/1up SDG “Correspondence (Union) – April 4, 1862” posted by Manassas 1 SDG “Correspondence (Union) – April 5, 1862” posted by Manassas 1 [especially reports from General Sherman and General Grant regarding events of that Friday.] OR 10 part 1 page 89 Report of U.S. Grant to General Halleck IRT Picket Skirmish OR 10 part 1 pages 89 – 90 Report of W. T. Sherman OR 10 part 1 pages 90 – 92 Report of Colonel Ralph Buckland http://dan-masters-civil-war.blogspot.com/2019/01/general-buckland-explains-battle-of.html Buckland comments on Picket Skirmish OR 10 part 1 page 93 and page 567 Reports of General William Hardee. William Posegate Letter of 11 APR 1862 at http://www.48ovvi.org/ Corporal William Srofe Letter of noon 4 April 1862 at http://www.48ovvi.org/ https://cmkinhuntercm.wordpress.com/category/1862/page/1/ SGT I. N. Carr 11th Iowa diary entry for 4 APR 1862 SDG “Another reporter's story” [Surgeon Frank Reilly knowledge of Picket Skirmish] https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84031490/1862-04-14/ed-1/seq-1/ Daily Chicago Tribune of 14 APR 1862 page one report of Surgeon Frank Reilly [with details of Picket Skirmish of April 4th.] https://archive.org/details/lifelettgeneral00wallrich/page/182 Life and Letters of WHL Wallace (especially pages 180 – 182.) https://pickusottawail.com/murals/general-w-h-l-wallace/ Recent mural added at Ottawa. https://archive.org/stream/recollectionswit00thomp#page/206/mode/2up SGT Seymour Thompson (3rd Iowa Infantry) recalls events of Friday, April 4th on pages 206 – 207. http://content.lib.auburn.edu/cdm/compoundobject/collection/civil/id/23854/rec/20 L.I. Nixon of the 26th Alabama records in his diary entry for April 4th, “We saw a bare-headed Union officer escorted to the rear (before sunset) and after sunset, picket firing was heard away to the east.”
  12. The Picket Skirmish of Friday, April 4th 1862 has been discussed “in passing” on the way to the more interesting and important Battle of Shiloh (which erupted Sunday morning, April 6th.) In many ways, this Picket Skirmish was a “dry run” for the Big Show on Sunday. We at SDG believe we are familiar with this skirmish, but are we? Here are a series of questions: What was the weather on 4 April 1862? What Federal forces were involved that Friday (actually engaged?) What Confederate forces were involved (actually engaged or fired rounds?) At what time on Friday did the first exchange of gunfire occur (to nearest half hour)? Who was the most senior Federal leader involved? Who was the most senior Federal leader to survey the ground on Friday? Who was the most senior Confederate leader involved (either at scene of action, or directing that action from the rear)? At what time did the “engagement” end (to nearest half hour)? At what time did Major General Grant meet with BGen W.T. Sherman on Friday? What action did Major General Grant order as result of the Picket Skirmish? How many total casualties resulted (USA and CSA)? Which of the Confederate prisoners taken on April 4th were interviewed by Grant? What happened to these “ten” Confederate prisoners? [Grant records 8 prisoners.] How many Federal prisoners were taken on April 4th? What happened to them? Can you answer them all?
  13. The above review of “Junius and Albert's Adventure” is pretty good... as far as it goes. Unfortunately, no one bothered to actually read the book (which was gifted to me a few days ago by my daughter, who found it in a bookshop in Castlemaine, Victoria.) Pages 25 – 41 detail Junius Browne and Albert Richardson reporting in the West, beginning in General Fremont's Missouri during Autumn of 1861. And the first revelation of significance to readers at SDG: the two reporters were present during the Fort Henry operation (Browne accompanied the marching infantry belonging to McClernand, while Richardson found a large tree, climbed high into its branches, and observed the fort vs. ironclads gunnery duel.) Afterwards, Albert Richardson returned to Cairo to send off his story; Junius Browne (despite injury due to accidental powder keg explosion) accompanied Grant's Army to Fort Donelson, and continued to report from the field, detailing actions of soldiers, and incidental meetings with local people and their views on the war. After the surrender of Buckner, Browne interviewed Confederate prisoners, and then returned to Cairo to send away his story (which was published over two PAGES in the New York Tribune of February 22, 1862.) Neither Browne nor Richardson was present for the Battle of Shiloh: Browne heard of an operation taking place in Arkansas, and hurried south to observe the action, but had only reached southern Missouri when the Battle of Pea Ridge took place. Not allowing lack of facts to get in the way of a good story, Junius Browne collected enough rumors concerning the battle, and “borrowed” information from rival reporter Thomas Knox, and in cooperation with Richard Colburn concocted a story of how “Siegel saved the Day at Pea Ridge” (and beat rival reporters to publish the full page report on Pea Ridge, first.) Afterwards, learning that “the next big event” was to take place at Island No.10 Browne rejoined Richardson and gained passage aboard a steamer bound for that Mississippi River confrontation... and both men missed the Battle of Shiloh. However, as mentioned in SDG post “Drawings” of 27 MAR 2018 Henri Villard met Richardson at Cairo on April 10 (Villard had travelled with Buell's Army of the Ohio, and observed much of Day Two firsthand.) After learning details from Henri Villard, Albert Richardson journeyed south, met with members of General Grant's staff, and was able to concoct a report on the Battle of Shiloh, which was submitted to the New York Tribune in late April. Browne and Richardson are next recorded aboard USS Benton on the Mississippi River, observing the Battle of Memphis of 6 June 1862...
  14. Welcome to Belfoured! In answer to your query, the following is offered: “James rifles were an early solution to the need for rifled artillery at the start of the war. Six-pounder bronze guns could be rifled to fire the projectiles invented by Charles T. James. Some were simply rifled from their initial 3.67" bore, others were reamed to 3.80" then rifled. Reaming to 3.80" was preferred to eliminate wear deformities from service.[26] Nomenclature for the two sizes could be muddled and varied, but the effective descriptions for the 3.67" are "rifled 6-pounder" or "12-pounder James rifle", while the 3.80" variant was known as the 14-pounder James rifle. To add to the confusion new bronze (and a few iron) variants of the 3.80" bore rifle (14-pounder James rifle) were also produced with a longer, heavier tube utilizing the Ordnance profile.” [Wikipedia “Civil War Artillery”]. From the above, a 3.80 inch rifled bore was referred to as “14-pounder.” Munch's four brass rifled guns were referred to as “6-pounder.” http://www.mnopedia.org/group/first-battery-minnesota-light-artillery This article also refers to Munch's Battery as “two 12-pound howitzer smoothbores and four 6-pound James rifles.” During the Battle of Shiloh, Lieutenant Pfaender took overall command of the Minnesota Battery upon the wounding of Captain Munch, and withdrew the battery to the rear. As the new line was being formed (Hurlbut's Division, with Prentiss's remnant extending west of Hurlbut) Lieutenant Pfaender reported to General Prentiss and was given position, with Peebles to the left, and Pfaender to the right [https://archive.org/stream/minnesotacivil01minnrich#page/642/mode/2up pp.642-4]. In Brother of Mine: the Civil War Letters of Thomas and William Christie, page 43 (notes) there is this description of Munch's Minnesota Battery: “The battery was divided into three 2-gun sections, with the Left Section (manned by the Christies) consisting of two 12-pound Howitzers...” On page 40 Thomas Christie indicates he was, “in the same section as Lieutenant Peebles.” Therefore, the conclusion is drawn that Peeble's section, to the left of Pfaender in the Hornet's Nest, operated the howitzers. Kindest Regards Ozzy
  15. Sphere and Ash, a 90-page booklet published 1888, attempted to tell the History of Baseball to the “present day” (Season of 1887.) Rounders is described as forerunner of baseball, and an effort to distinguish between Massachusetts Rules and New York Rules is included (with New York Rules published on pages 7 – 8.) The spread of New York Rules clubs from New York, to New Jersey, to Philadelphia, to Boston is detailed (and the arrival of New York Rules in Boston killed Massachusetts Rules within a few years.) Albert Spalding is featured page 11 as “President of the Chicago Baseball Club” (the White Stockings, today's Chicago Cubs.) Baltimore and Washington eventually field teams; and mention is made of “Baseball out West” (at Chicago and Rockford.) The Cincinnati Reds become the first Professional Team in 1869, and a competitive team is fielded in St. Louis. In 1871 the first “Championship Series” is attempted; and in 1874 “winning the Pennant” enters the National vocabulary. In 1875 the establishment of a Professional Baseball Organization attempts to keep gambling out of the sport (today's National League.) The arrival of the “curve ball” [attributed to Pitcher Arthur Cummings of the Brooklyn Stars] is discussed pp. 32 – 33. The change in pitching technique modernized the game (and forced the retirement of previously capable pitchers, unable to master the new delivery.) Soon, the straight ball, the slow ball, the fast ball, the “sinking fast ball” (called swift drop ball) and various styles of curve ball were common tools of the Pitcher. The “catcher's mask” (a modified fencing face mask) was introduced in the 1870s and Louisville Kentucky fielded a team. At the same time, an International Association was organized, with clubs from America competing against clubs from Ontario. And Baseball continued to expand west (to Kansas City) and south (into Virginia.) The final page of narrative, page 61, features Henry Chadwick: "The Father of Baseball." [No mention anywhere of Abner Doubleday; and the final twenty pages are advertisements.] "Sphere and Ash" goes a long way to connect the pre-Civil War game to the Modern game of Baseball. Available at Library of Congress: https://www.loc.gov/resource/dcmsiabooks.sphereashhistory00mors/?sp=5 .
  16. "How the Rebels went out, and We came In [to Nashville]" First of Nelson's force to enter; owner of the Flag flying over the State House. [From Gallipolis Journal of Ohio, 13 MAR 1862, page 2.]
  17. Tribute to General Jacob Lauman. From National Tribune of 21 OCT 1886 page 4 col.4.
  18. Why is the above information important? First, because it illustrates what happens to a Civil War battlefield if not properly protected (Dranesville, less than two miles east of Dulles International Airport, has been absorbed by suburban sprawl from Washington, D.C.) And second, if we accept that William T. Sherman, James B. McPherson, Philip Sheridan, EOC Ord, Grenville Dodge, and John Rawlins were members of Ulysses S. Grant's "Inner Circle" by 1864, then knowing when Grant first encountered these men, and became aware of the talents each one brought to his exclusive team is essential to understanding U.S. Grant, because Grant did not achieve greatness on his own. Like many capable leaders, U.S. Grant identified talent, and benefited from a willingness of the men comprising his Inner Circle to commit themselves to Grant and his vision for prosecuting the war. And with the exception of Grenville Dodge (who brought an intelligence collection network to Grant's team) all of the named men were known to General Grant by the time Henry Halleck departed Corinth for Washington, D.C.
  19. As anyone who has made the attempt knows, it is difficult to find a comprehensive story of Edward O. C. Ord's involvement, and contribution, to the Civil War. And details concerning Brigadier General Ord's first engagement, at Dranesville, Virginia, in December 1861, are especially difficult to unearth. The story of Dranesville is important to us at SDG because, although EOC Ord was not present at Battle of Shiloh, the loss of so many Union Generals (WHL Wallace, died from wound; B. M. Prentiss, captured; John P. Cook, forced to take sick leave; C.F. Smith, succumbed to infection of leg, injured in boat mishap) forced Henry Halleck to call for senior officers in the east to come West; and one of these was Major General Ord (who gained promotion to MGen due to the record of his performance at Battle of Dranesville.) MGen Ord arrived at Pittsburg Landing in June 1862 to replace the seriously unwell Thomas A. Davies as commander of the Second Division, Army of West Tennessee, but was soon installed as commander, Post of Corinth on 22 June 1862, replacing General George Thomas. Emerging Civil War has created a short video discussing the Battle of Dranesville with historian Ryan Quint, who intends to write a history of Ord and Dranesville over the next few years: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uBBoIscEpt4 Emerging Civil War "Battle of Dranesville" by Ryan Quint, interviewed by Dan Welch.
  20. Ozzy

    Who am I?

    A hint: If you were informed of the location of this Agent of the Confederate Government's action, you would find his identity in 30 seconds at wikipedia. As it happened, he may have encouraged one prominent individual to join the circus...
  21. Ozzy

    Who am I?

    A member of West Point Class of 1859, I joined Strawbridge's First Louisiana Infantry in 1861 and fought at Shiloh, where I was wounded. Later on the staff of Joseph Wheeler, I got caught while carrying despatches and was imprisoned at Johnson's Island in Lake Erie... but not for long. I made my escape by using a homemade ladder and stealing a skiff, and found safety in Canada, where I made my way to Montreal and renewed acquaintance with another Shiloh veteran, Jacob Thompson. Thompson was part of the Canadian Cabinet, conducting operations on behalf of the South, from the Great White North; and I volunteered to take part in one of his more notorious operations... Who am I?
  22. Ozzy

    Confederate Generals

    It took a while for the news from Tennessee to reach southern Maryland; but the 17 April 1862 edition of the weekly St. Mary's Beacon contains a report of the Battle of Shiloh on page 2 columns 2 & 3. Maryland newspapers were peculiar during the Civil War in that they had reasonably good access to information, from the North, and from the South. The Battle of Pittsburg Landing report presented is a commendable effort to combine the Northern and Southern versions of the Shiloh Story into one account: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060119/1862-04-17/ed-1/seq-2/ "News: near Pittsburg Landing" in St. Mary's Beacon
  23. Had never seen this complete list in print before, but it is the Seniority List of Generals in the Provisional Confederate Army, just prior to Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas). Of interest to SDG because of the many names associated with Fort Donelson, Shiloh and Siege of Corinth (and it is interesting to see a list of Confederate Generals without Albert Sidney Johnston's name near the top... but General Johnston was enroute from California when this list was printed in St. Mary's Beacon of Leonardtown, Maryland 18 July 1861.) https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89060119/1861-06-13/ed-1/seq-2/ St. Mary's Beacon of 18 July 1861 page 2.
  24. Roger I had the same response as you when first trying to read SGT J.J. Little's letters: “Where are the transcripts?” And, when no transcripts came to hand, I resorted to “close scrutiny,” beginning with address and dates (known words to determine how letters such as a, e, i, m, n, r and s will appear in the cursive penmanship later in the document.) In Little's letters, “r” resembles n, “i” resembles e, “s” at the end of words is f, and ss is sf (as was commonly done in 18th Century). Thankfully, not many misspellings (buisy for busy, and “wheel bears” for wheel barrows.) Once I figured out all of the individual words, I read the letter from the beginning... for the real meaning and news that Little attempted to communicate to his parents in 1861 and 1862. A bit more time consuming than ideal, but sometimes “the best you can do” has to be good enough. Cheers Ozzy
  25. One of the remaining members of General Johnston's Staff, as yet unidentified: his Clerk. In the Battle Report submitted by Brigadier General Thomas Wood after Shiloh is an unusual inclusion: “A field desk was captured on the field by my division, containing the order of General Albert Sidney Johnston, commanding the Grand Army of the Mississippi, organizing his army for the late great battle. The order shows how grand and well organized was the attacking force, and bears evidence that the troops had been drawn from every available source. The desk also contained a copy of General Johnston's address to his army. The address, made on the eve of the march to the encounter, shows that the commander-in-chief sought to inflame the zeal and courage of his troops by the most incendiary appeal, as well as proves how momentous was the conflict through which our troops have so fortunately and honorably passed. A copy of the order and address is herewith submitted...” A few interesting elements: Wood's Division was a late arrival to the battle, with brigades belonging to Garfield and Wagner driving up the western side of Buell's Army; By Monday night, Thompson's Map (Day 2) [ in D.W. Reed's Battle of Shiloh and the Organizations Engaged] shows Wood's Division just south of Colonel Peabody's camp; The contents of the Field Desk only belonged to General A.S. Johnston; Some soldier (name and unit not recorded) of Wood's Division picked up the Field Desk from the battlefield and delivered it to his commander; From a close read of General Wood's report, it appears “he provided copies of the documents found inside the desk” [but kept the originals, and the desk?] Consider: the desk retrieved likely did not resemble a full-sized desk, but something more akin to: https://www.etsy.com/sg-en/listing/635442948/civil-war-officers-field-desk-rare [Scroll down to briefcase sized desk.] Is it possible the desk recovered by Wood's Division belonged to General A.S. Johnston or his Clerk, and was left behind when the body of General Johnston required immediate removal from the battlefield? Afterwards, is it not likely that a soldier from Wood's Division ran across the Field Desk while returning to Pittsburg Landing from his advanced position after Monday night? Yours to ponder... Reference: OR 10 page 379 [Shiloh Report of General Thomas Wood, dated 10 APR 1862.]
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