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CSuniforms

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Posts posted by CSuniforms


  1. The number of men in line-- 3 deep and so paces behind is what I am looking for.  There is a soldier in the 16th Wisconsin on the initial contact at Fraley Field and Peabody's stand, he wrote of the line after line of Confederates coming down and on both sides of the Corinth Road. I do remember again reading by early afternoon the Confederates had in some areas dropped the tactic of shoulder to shoulder and moved in staggered lines firing or running as they advanced. Thank you Tom

     


  2. I got it OZZY thank you. But, the one I found was an explanation of why Johnston's Army was called a Mob! Johnstons son wrote the book about his father and mentioned Munfords words many times. The section of that book I am working with is the one on the lack of small arms. Lots and lots of notes on the shortage of Arms in Department No. 2. Munford did his address in 1871 and Johnston's son seemed very impressed with it and Munfords remembrances on the Army of the Mississippi are very interesting. I know I saved it but now cannot find it!! Tom


  3. True-True-True and I have already stated in my work that the smoothbore was a very effective weapon at Shiloh due to the terrain.  I have one Wisconsin soldier, armed with rifles, who made the comment that standing in ranks firing volleys at the enemy in the open was a way to draw bullets and cannon balls. That the men in his Company very quickly learned to take cover behind trees and in ditches and pop away at the advancing Confederates. In his own words, "they knocked down many."  I have also found a study done that Battles in the Napoleonic times produced a lot more casualties using smoothbores and cannon balls due to the distances fired and the Battles being fought in open areas. Years later at the Crimea 1854  and in Italy 1859,  casualties were lower due to rifles and how they were used. Men were killed at further distances and took cover as opposed to marching straight into volley fire at close range. Very interesting. I do have some Shiloh Veterans who complained about what they were issued in terms of firearms, smoothbores and flint muskets and how they could not stand up to rifle fire at Shiloh. Lots to digest here. I will find those distances. Tom


  4. OK.- Maybe it's me but, Maps of Shiloh and distances. Does anyone know of a study or maps that show distances in yards between opposing sides. Case in point the Hornet's Nest. How wide was Duncan field? Was it 200 yards to the edge of Federal held fence and thickets? 300 yards? What was the distance between the 53rd Ohio and the 26th Tennessee and 6th Mississippi which resulted in so many casualties. Working on the Hornet's Nest fight and a few others as to the effectiveness of rifles that would cause the Confederates to avoid the open field and use the surrounding woods to advance.  I do not know if aerial maps are available or again maybe someone has calculated distances across the Battlefield. I am going to Shiloh in the Spring to measure myself if no such study exists.  Shiloh is awesome... 


  5. I am currently working on my book on Shiloh firearms. The book, The Life of Albert Sidney Johnston, by his son W. P. Johnston includes a Chapter on the issues of arming and raising Regiments in A. S. Johnston's Dept. No. 2. In the text are several quoted letters from different Governors and Richmond Officials detailing the lack of firearms. The message was, "we have no arms to give." The question I have is where are these letters stored or not. Trying to compare similar communications from the O.R.'s leaves me scratching my head. What Johnston's son presents as correspondence I cannot find. I am not saying it does not exist, but to be historically correct I have to verify them in my footnotes. Does anyone out there know they are, Tulane?, National Archives?. Thank You in advance. Tom

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  6. Am writing a book right now on firearms at Shiloh. The basic question, "Did it make a difference,?" being armed with a rifle or smooth-bore musket. It made a lot of difference to the average recruit of 1861. They wanted rifles! and would be really angry if given a smooth-bore, especially on the Federal side. The poor Confederates in Johnston's Department No.2, from September of 1861 to April of 1862 were short of firearms. The majority of the firearms carried by the Confederates were smooth-bores and the majority of the firearms carried by the Federals were rifles. Now--------- Did it make a difference which one you had at Shiloh. Many say it did not because of the distances of combat and firing, much of it in dense forest and brush under 100 yards. That is the contention of these small arms writers, because of the distances fought-- rifles did not make a difference overall. Well, I have been researching battle accounts at Shiloh that at different times and circumstances it did make a difference. These I will share in my book. The idea of rifles shooting these big arcs is interesting, but more of theory than actual shooting. I have been a member of the N-SSA for 40 years and have shot every kind of Civil War firearm at a multitude of distances-- including targets at 300 yards. I have watched my fellow N-SSA shooters hit a target at that distance 4 times in a row. NOW these guys practice-- but I will tell you if they were shooting at a target, a cannon crew, or a line of infantry from 200 to 300 yards away-- their sighting would be to arc their rounds into a specific target--  like shooting a bow and arrow-- you arc your shot. If you missed, you would have missed an individual target, and yes your shot might hit the ground a number of yards behind that man or cannon-- true. But you were not looking for a volley fire effect. You had one target and one target only.   Over 100 yards your chances of hitting a man with smooth-bore was down to 30% or less. I have tried it and that is a fact. The Confederate Army at Shiloh it appears did not have a disadvantage being armed with smooth-bores at Shiloh. They pushed the Federals back two miles or more, but did take a lot of casualties doing it. They were stopped at times by Federals armed with rifles, hidden behind trees and in ravines for hours. That is a fact.... So-- wait for my book and send me all those accounts where Soldiers at Shiloh were thankful they had Enfields or were mad because their smooth-bores did no damage. To far away!

    8th Mis.jpg

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  7. Hello-- Just going through all these Shiloh posts-- on the uniform- It appears to be a Nashville or Memphis pattern Tennessee issued frock coat. The distinctive cuffs with three buttons stand out.. It was probably dark blue with red or black cuff and collar. The hat is interesting and is Militia. The ribbon in front could be part of a cockade, a Secession cockade. Medium blue color. 


  8. WOW! This from 2008! Heck Yes-- start doing your research! What Shiloh needs is research. Dig into those local libraries, Historical Societies, private and State collections. Look for first hand accounts. Letters, diaries, memoirs buried in some old box in the back of the museum. What folks do not know-- that not EVERYTHING-- is on the internet. There are still hundreds of letters, reports, papers on Shiloh no one has ever seen. HECK! I have one hanging on my wall in the Office. A quartermaster requisition signed by General Sherman for his whole Division! Doing research for a number of authors over the years-- many do not do their own research, especially academics. OF course some do-- but they do use students and aids to help out. So put on your walking shoes, get in the car and drive to your local historical society and ask if they have any Shiloh letters or stuff on Shiloh. Go to your local Round Table and ask if folks have memorabilia or letters from relatives on Shiloh. They do!!!!! Look in the old newspaper for soldiers letters-- they exist and often fascinating to read and historically sound as research. Gettysburg has their own magazine for petes sake. They fill it with articles that are based on sound research and it shows. Just do it and get back to us.... Tom


  9. I am working on a Shiloh project and always go back to the original sources for guidance to start. I was reading in Battles and Leaders, General Buell's Shiloh Reviewed article written in 1884. He slammed Grant and Sherman for re-writing history, their maps, and anyone else who formed an opinion on what Buell called misleading anecdotes and folly. It was very interesting and explains a little more the confusion, the side ways opinions of both Officers and men who fought at Shiloh. One soldier made the statement that if you got two Shiloh Veterans together they could never agree on anything associated with that Battle, and they were there! Professor Tim Smith and other Historians of note tell of the mystique of Shiloh. I say it is a good story from start to finish with a lot of twists and turns. It was victory the Western Confederates needed. That the approach of General Sherman to Richmond-Petersburg in 1865, began in the West. A march that included Shiloh as a Union Victory. Has anyone else read an old book on Shiloh and sees the same, "what ifs"-- and "maybe's" we get all the Shiloh mystique from?

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  10. I had an interest in such a question on Grant years ago. I was researching US Grant and the Battle of Belmont, MO. fought on November 7th, 1861. I have not been able to get a definitive answer, but at one point, post WW 1, that the Staff at West Point tried to put together basically, a class or study on what makes a great and successful General. What traits are shared, what attributes, what brain power, what cognitive gift do they have and can it be taught to others. I do not think it went anywhere, but the attempt to try and understand US Grant as a Commander was done. What I saw in Grant was how he would listen to others. Get their views on a subject, attack, retreat, move and how to move-- then take a break, come back, and using all he heard give a succinct order that all had part in. Another was ability to write an order that was to the point and easy to understand. That he would rise at dawn, work all day, writing orders etc., then in the evening eat something and sit around the campfire and listen to jokes and bantering, he loved it. His War Secretary was asked what made Grant successful. His answer, "success?, we followed Grant because he was successful." He just did it---  

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  11. 14th Wisconsin Dresden Suhl Rifles-- class A weapons

    15th Illinois-- a hodge podge-- Companies A, B, G, and E- Enfield Rifles-- the rest .69 cal smoothbores, Co. C of all things old British Tower Muskets

    77th Ohio- Armed in the Field, Austrian-Belgian conversions .69 cal smoothbores... Prussian Muskets

    70th Ohio- 264 Austrian rifles-- Belgian Conversion smoothbores-- then Regimental History says Enfields right before Shiloh.

     

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