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CSuniforms

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Everything posted by CSuniforms

  1. All of them are wearing the State issued 5 button blouse. A distinctive piece of clothing. They also had a State issued haversack and canteen that was different from the rest. They were issued Dresden Suhl Rifled muskets. A very good Class A firearm which they used with devastating effect at Shiloh. Awesome. Tom
  2. CSuniforms

    Whose Flag?

    It is the Missouri State Flag--- Flags like this carried by members of the Missouri State Guard-- pro-slave, pro-secession, and pro-Missouri. Tom
  3. Yes, My notes say Co. G, had 4 Maynard Rifles and the balance Mississippi Rifles, so the 2,000 Mississippi cartridges for Shiloh. The rest of the Companies carried flintlock .69 calibre muskets. I have the Will McDonald notes that says they carried Enfields! Maybe? So you post both-- and hope someone who has the correct factual info offers to share his or her findings. I also use photos. I try to locate photos of soldiers carrying firearms and go from there. All of it has to be included. You are correct in that a lot of this information has disappeared or the Veterans never wrote it down for us. I have discovered a lot of information from CS Regiments who were never at Shiloh-- with massive requisitions, ordnance reports, and letters, diaries and memoirs!! But not at Shiloh!!!! I will stand behind my research until someone proves me wrong. And so far, not a lot of folks have come forward to contest it, which is good. I stated I want folks to challenge it or change it with factual research. I just finished the Federal Army at Shiloh!!!! Their arms!!! A lot of Rifles especially in Buell's Army!!! Tom Arliskas
  4. CSuniforms

    Tom Arliskas

    A member of the Orlean's Guard-- possibly wearing the uniform worn at Shiloh. These men mistaken for Federal soldiers many times on April 6th, 1862.
  5. From the album: Tom Arliskas

    © For research only-- not for any other purpose.

  6. OZZY-- Thank You for your input. You are correct that entire Regiments fell out of line for lack of ammunition. Federal and Confederate! The Confederates were each given 40 rounds of ammunition for their particular firearm and another 100? per man were carried in the ordnance trains that followed the Army as they advanced. These wagons, many were lost or abandoned by their teamsters throughout the day. There are some accounts of the Confederates finding ammunition stacks in the abandoned Federal Camps too! Ammunition was a problem-- even Grant and Sherman acknowledged the difficulty of supplying ammunition to the Army of different calibres. Tom
  7. Stan, still having trouble finding arms issued to the different Alabama units. I have scanned the Alabama files and found nothing. Can you help. Tom
  8. Picking up any ammunition on the Battlefield, .54 or .577, or .58 pr .52 minnie balls would be like firing marbles out of a 1 inch pipe-- ZERO ACCURACY-- your smoothbore was good with the proper .69 issued buck and ball cartridge to only 50 to 75 yards at best... with an undersized slug you might get away with 25 to 40 yards and your percent of hits would be less than 30%. The whole idea with smoothbores was the use of Napoleonic tactics in Battle. Move forward to 50 to 80 yards- firing a volley or volleys, charge bayonets and push the enemy back-- at the risk of tremendous casualties to your side. Rifles negated Napoleonic tactics. They were effective at 150 yards up to 300 yards with a trained marksman. They could shoot you down before you could get in reach of your bayonets-- Cannons would help silence a position and stealth and courage on your side. The casualties at Shiloh were horrific for the CSA. Smoothbores and their lack of range contributed to that outcome.
  9. Notes on Firearms used by the different Confederate Regiments and Brigades at the Battle of Shiloh April 6-7th 1862. Note* The results posted here is a work in progress to be updated when new research is found. The results are not final. This is a simple compilation of what has been discovered. The footnotes are not included here, but will be part of a final paper or report to be given to the Shiloh NPS. For the record, sources used were RG 109 Regimental Papers NA., The Wyckoff analysis done by the Shiloh NPS on firearms, Frederick Todd’s book on American Military Equipage, Official Records of the Civil War, and several other State and written sources from Civil War Study Groups, letters, papers, photographic evidence of original Confederate soldiers posing with their issued firearms, Regimental Histories, Confederate Veteran Magazine and memoirs. 1st Corp Major General Leonidas Polk Clark’s Division Russell’s Brigade 11th Louisiana- evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 12th Tennessee-evidence to the use of cap and ball and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 13th Tennessee-evidence to the use of flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, “we had old flintlocks, muzzle loaders with buck and ball.” 22nd Tennessee- initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, early British smoothbores .70 caliber—possible issue of Enfield Rifles, before or picked up during the Battle. Total—for the Brigade 2,650 smoothbores and a possible 800 with Enfield Rifles—research continues. Stewart’s Brigade 13th Arkansas- evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 4th Tennessee-evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and an assortment of “old guns.” 5th Tennessee [35th Tennessee]-evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores, some Companies with civilian Rifles, Mississippi Rifles or 1855 Rifles, research continues- 33rd Tennessee- initially “shotguns, civilian hunting rifles”-issued flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores prior to Battle. Total—for the Brigade 1,706 smoothbores, maybe 100 rifles, research continues. Cheatham’s Division Johnson’s Brigade Blythe’s Infantry Mississippi, 7 Hall’s Rifles returned after the Battle— Co A. Sharp’s Rifles, Co B. shotguns, Co I. Civilian Rifles .32 caliber, and he rest old flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets. 2nd Tennessee Infantry, J. Knox Walker—UNKNOWN 15TH Tennessee Infantry, initially 744 men with flintlocks .69 caliber—mixed flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets during the Battle of Shiloh. 154th Tennessee Senior Infantry, Co. L armed with Maynard Rifles, the rest unknown. 2, 052 men in the Brigade—we know of 500 with smoothbores and 50-100 with Maynard Rifles .32 or .50 caliber. Stephen’s Brigade 7th Kentucky Infantry, evidence to being armed with new Enfield Rifles prior to Battle. 1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion, some Companies with 1855 rifles, and the rest .69 caliber smoothbores 6th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores and some cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 9th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores 1,620 men in the Brigade, estimated 600 with rifles, Enfield’s and Maynard’s, the rest 1020 with smoothbore muskets. 2nd Corp Major General Braxton Bragg Ruggle’s Division Gibson’s Brigade 1st Arkansas Infantry, Fagan’s, Co. B with smoothbores 4th Louisiana, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 13th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to the issue of 700 muskets, smoothbores, type unknown. 19th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,560 men with most smoothbores. Anderson’s Brigade 1st Florida Infantry, “upon the Regimental formation…the Franklin Rifles received 1855 rifled muskets, [drilled initially with flintlock muskets], Confederate Government issued Model 1842 .69 caliber muskets, Pensacola Guards armed with a mixture of muskets.” 9th Texas Infantry, evidence to .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some with shotguns. 17th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to some carrying .54 rebored civilian rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 20th Louisiana Infantry, UNKNOWN Confederate Guards Response Battalion, 1,000 .58 caliber rounds issued- some had 1855 rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 1,633 men, 50-100 1855 rifled muskets, possible civilian rifles bored to .54 caliber, low numbers issued, estimated 426 with smoothbores, the rest UNKNOWN Pond’s Brigade 16th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence some Companies with Mississippi Rifles, and .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 18th Louisiana Infantry, flank companies armed with rifles and the rest smoothbore muskets. 38th Tennessee Infantry, “I have armed Looney’s with Shotguns, Country Rifles, and old muskets [flintlocks?].” Crescent Infantry, “5 Companies with 1819 Hall’s rifles .52 caliber, 2 Companies with smoothbore muskets, and 1 with shotguns.” Orleans Guards Infantry Battalion, flank Companies with 1855 rifles and the rest Model 1842 .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 2,644 men, 150-250 with Mississippi rifles, [250 with Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber], 100 with shotguns, and the rest approximately 2,044 with smoothbores. Wither’s Division Gladden’s Brigade 1st Louisiana Regulars, flank Companies .58 caliber 1855 rifled muskets, the balance .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 21st Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 22nd Alabama Infantry, armed with private purchase Enfield two band rifles and sword bayonets. 25th Alabama Infantry, issues of caps 2,000 and photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber muskets, and some shotguns. 26th Alabama Infantry, photo evidence to some Companies, flank, Mississippi Rifles and the balance .69 caliber cap and ball muskets smoothbores. 2,156 men, maybe 500-600 with rifles, and the rest approximately 1600 with .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. Chalmer’s Brigade 5th Mississippi, issue evidence, 9,000 musket ball cartridges and 1,000 musket caps, and photo evidence smoothbore musket—Armed with .69 caliber cap and ball smoothbore muskets. 7th Mississippi Infantry, Co. F armed with Hall’s Rifles .52 calibler. 9th Mississippi Infantry, Co. D armed with Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, other sources list Enfield Rifles issued prior to Shiloh. 10th Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Rifles, Mississippi’s and 1855 Rifled muskets. 52nd Tennessee Infantry [plus segments of the 51st Tennessee], armed with shotguns and the 51st men, armed with Hall’s .52 caliber rifled muskets. 2,236 men estimated 1,000 Rifles, 400 shotguns, and 700-800 smoothbore muskets and UNKNOWN’s. Jackson’s Brigade 2nd Texas Infantry, evidence to smoothbore muskets [more research forthcoming] 17th Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 18th Alabama, photo evidence to cap and ball conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and Mississippi Rifles. 19th Alabama, photo evidence to Mississippi Rifles and conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 2,127 men, unknown number of Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, maybe 200 to 300 and 1,500 smoothbore muskets. The 17th Alabama is an UNKNOWN. 3rd Corp Major General William J. Hardee Hindman’s Brigade 2nd Arkansas Infantry, initially issued smoothbores and Flintlock Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber. Issued new Enfield Rifles in November of 1861. 3rd Confederate Infantry, [18th Arkansas Infantry], armed with Enfield Rifles. 6th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 7th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 2,290 men, all armed with Rifles, Hall’s and Enfields, but the Hall’s “flint and steel muskets put the men at a great disadvantage.” Cleburne’s Brigade 2nd Tennessee Provisional Bate’s, mixed civilian rifles and flintlocks initially. 6th Mississippi Infantry, two flank companies Enfield Rifled muskets, and the rest “mixed” 15th Arkansas Infantry, poor arms, but picked up new Enfield Rifles from Peabody’s camps. 23rd Tennessee Infantry, Flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 24th Tennessee Infantry, some 1841 Model Mississippi Rifles and the balance flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,537 men, maybe 500 rifles, and approximately 1,258 smoothbore muskets. Wood’s Brigade 3rd Mississippi Infantry Battalion, UNKNOWN 8th Arkansas Infantry, Conflicting evidence, one source says Enfield Rifles and the original ordnance records show 24,000 Flintlock cartridges issued post Shiloh, April-May, 1862. 9th Arkansas Infantry Battalion, Model 1819 Hall’s Rifled muskets and a mix of civilian guns. 16th Alabama Infantry, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 27th Tennessee Infantry, issued new Enfield Rifles in December of 1861. 44th Tennessee Infantry, UNKNOWN 55th Tennessee Infantry, only two Companies armed with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 1,996 men, 3rd Mississippi Battalion and 44th Tennessee UNKNOWN- 490 rifles known and 580 smoothbores. Reserve Corp Brigadier General John C. Breckenridge Trabue’s Brigade 3rd Kentucky Infantry, evidence to mix cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 4th Alabama Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles and smoothbores 5th Kentucky Infantry, “Ragamuffins’ armed with long-rifles [civilian].” 6th Kentucky Infantry, went into the Battle armed with smoothbores, traded them for Enfield Rifles on the 6th. 31st Alabama Infantry, evidence to part Enfield Rifles and smoothbore muskets. Crew’s Infantry Battalion, “poorly armed.” 2,678 men. Second Brigade Brig. Gen. JOHN S. BOWEN (wounded) Col. JOHN D. MARTIN 9th Arkansas, mix of Hall’s Rifles, cap and ball .69 caliber muskets and civilian rifles and shotguns. Col. Isaac L. Dunlop 10th Arkansas, Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock Rifles .52 caliber Col. Thomas H. Merrick 2d Confederate Infantry [25th Mississippi Infantry], UNKNOWN Col. John d. Martin Maj. Thomas H. Mangum 1st Missouri Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles Third Brigade Col. WINFIELD S. STATHAM, 15th Mississippi 15th Mississippi Infantry, Co. G Maynard Rifles and Mississippi Rifles, the rest flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 22d Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Enfield Rifles. 19th Tennessee Infantry, initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, days before Shiloh, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and 97 Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber. Col. David H. Cummings 20th Tennessee Infantry, initially with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, in March of 1862, all new Enfield Rifles and accoutrements. Col. Joel A. Battle (captured) 28th Tennessee Infantry, “615 flintlock smoothbore muskets for 915 men October of 1861.” Possibility of Enfield Rifles for the balance. 45th Tennessee, Mix of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some Enfield Rifles and Mississippi Rifles. Notes on Firearms used by the different Confederate Regiments and Brigades at the Battle of Shiloh April 6-7th 1862. Note* The results posted here is a work in progress to be updated when new research is found. The results are not final. This is a simple compilation of what has been discovered. The footnotes are not included here, but will be part of a final paper or report to be given to the Shiloh NPS. For the record, sources used were RG 109 Regimental Papers NA., The Wyckoff analysis done by the Shiloh NPS on firearms, Frederick Todd’s book on American Military Equipage, Official Records of the Civil War, and several other State and written sources from Civil War Study Groups, letters, papers, photographic evidence of original Confederate soldiers posing with their issued firearms, Regimental Histories, Confederate Veteran Magazine and memoirs. 1st Corp Major General Leonidas Polk Clark’s Division Russell’s Brigade 11th Louisiana- evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 12th Tennessee-evidence to the use of cap and ball and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 13th Tennessee-evidence to the use of flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, “we had old flintlocks, muzzle loaders with buck and ball.” 22nd Tennessee- initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, early British smoothbores .70 caliber—possible issue of Enfield Rifles, before or picked up during the Battle. Total—for the Brigade 2,650 smoothbores and a possible 800 with Enfield Rifles—research continues. Stewart’s Brigade 13th Arkansas- evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 4th Tennessee-evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and an assortment of “old guns.” 5th Tennessee [35th Tennessee]-evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores, some Companies with civilian Rifles, Mississippi Rifles or 1855 Rifles, research continues- 33rd Tennessee- initially “shotguns, civilian hunting rifles”-issued flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores prior to Battle. Total—for the Brigade 1,706 smoothbores, maybe 100 rifles, research continues. Cheatham’s Division Johnson’s Brigade Blythe’s Infantry Mississippi, 7 Hall’s Rifles returned after the Battle— Co A. Sharp’s Rifles, Co B. shotguns, Co I. Civilian Rifles .32 caliber, and he rest old flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets. 2nd Tennessee Infantry, J. Knox Walker—UNKNOWN 15TH Tennessee Infantry, initially 744 men with flintlocks .69 caliber—mixed flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets during the Battle of Shiloh. 154th Tennessee Senior Infantry, Co. L armed with Maynard Rifles, the rest unknown. 2, 052 men in the Brigade—we know of 500 with smoothbores and 50-100 with Maynard Rifles .32 or .50 caliber. Stephen’s Brigade 7th Kentucky Infantry, evidence to being armed with new Enfield Rifles prior to Battle. 1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion, some Companies with 1855 rifles, and the rest .69 caliber smoothbores 6th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores and some cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 9th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores 1,620 men in the Brigade, estimated 600 with rifles, Enfield’s and Maynard’s, the rest 1020 with smoothbore muskets. 2nd Corp Major General Braxton Bragg Ruggle’s Division Gibson’s Brigade 1st Arkansas Infantry, Fagan’s, Co. B with smoothbores 4th Louisiana, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 13th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to the issue of 700 muskets, smoothbores, type unknown. 19th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,560 men with most smoothbores. Anderson’s Brigade 1st Florida Infantry, “upon the Regimental formation…the Franklin Rifles received 1855 rifled muskets, [drilled initially with flintlock muskets], Confederate Government issued Model 1842 .69 caliber muskets, Pensacola Guards armed with a mixture of muskets.” 9th Texas Infantry, evidence to .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some with shotguns. 17th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to some carrying .54 rebored civilian rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 20th Louisiana Infantry, UNKNOWN Confederate Guards Response Battalion, 1,000 .58 caliber rounds issued- some had 1855 rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 1,633 men, 50-100 1855 rifled muskets, possible civilian rifles bored to .54 caliber, low numbers issued, estimated 426 with smoothbores, the rest UNKNOWN Pond’s Brigade 16th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence some Companies with Mississippi Rifles, and .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 18th Louisiana Infantry, flank companies armed with rifles and the rest smoothbore muskets. 38th Tennessee Infantry, “I have armed Looney’s with Shotguns, Country Rifles, and old muskets [flintlocks?].” Crescent Infantry, “5 Companies with 1819 Hall’s rifles .52 caliber, 2 Companies with smoothbore muskets, and 1 with shotguns.” Orleans Guards Infantry Battalion, flank Companies with 1855 rifles and the rest Model 1842 .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 2,644 men, 150-250 with Mississippi rifles, [250 with Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber], 100 with shotguns, and the rest approximately 2,044 with smoothbores. Wither’s Division Gladden’s Brigade 1st Louisiana Regulars, flank Companies .58 caliber 1855 rifled muskets, the balance .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 21st Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 22nd Alabama Infantry, armed with private purchase Enfield two band rifles and sword bayonets. 25th Alabama Infantry, issues of caps 2,000 and photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber muskets, and some shotguns. 26th Alabama Infantry, photo evidence to some Companies, flank, Mississippi Rifles and the balance .69 caliber cap and ball muskets smoothbores. 2,156 men, maybe 500-600 with rifles, and the rest approximately 1600 with .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. Chalmer’s Brigade 5th Mississippi, issue evidence, 9,000 musket ball cartridges and 1,000 musket caps, and photo evidence smoothbore musket—Armed with .69 caliber cap and ball smoothbore muskets. 7th Mississippi Infantry, Co. F armed with Hall’s Rifles .52 calibler. 9th Mississippi Infantry, Co. D armed with Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, other sources list Enfield Rifles issued prior to Shiloh. 10th Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Rifles, Mississippi’s and 1855 Rifled muskets. 52nd Tennessee Infantry [plus segments of the 51st Tennessee], armed with shotguns and the 51st men, armed with Hall’s .52 caliber rifled muskets. 2,236 men estimated 1,000 Rifles, 400 shotguns, and 700-800 smoothbore muskets and UNKNOWN’s. Jackson’s Brigade 2nd Texas Infantry, evidence to smoothbore muskets [more research forthcoming] 17th Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 18th Alabama, photo evidence to cap and ball conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and Mississippi Rifles. 19th Alabama, photo evidence to Mississippi Rifles and conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 2,127 men, unknown number of Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, maybe 200 to 300 and 1,500 smoothbore muskets. The 17th Alabama is an UNKNOWN. 3rd Corp Major General William J. Hardee Hindman’s Brigade 2nd Arkansas Infantry, initially issued smoothbores and Flintlock Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber. Issued new Enfield Rifles in November of 1861. 3rd Confederate Infantry, [18th Arkansas Infantry], armed with Enfield Rifles. 6th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 7th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 2,290 men, all armed with Rifles, Hall’s and Enfields, but the Hall’s “flint and steel muskets put the men at a great disadvantage.” Cleburne’s Brigade 2nd Tennessee Provisional Bate’s, mixed civilian rifles and flintlocks initially. 6th Mississippi Infantry, two flank companies Enfield Rifled muskets, and the rest “mixed” 15th Arkansas Infantry, poor arms, but picked up new Enfield Rifles from Peabody’s camps. 23rd Tennessee Infantry, Flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 24th Tennessee Infantry, some 1841 Model Mississippi Rifles and the balance flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,537 men, maybe 500 rifles, and approximately 1,258 smoothbore muskets. Wood’s Brigade 3rd Mississippi Infantry Battalion, UNKNOWN 8th Arkansas Infantry, Conflicting evidence, one source says Enfield Rifles and the original ordnance records show 24,000 Flintlock cartridges issued post Shiloh, April-May, 1862. 9th Arkansas Infantry Battalion, Model 1819 Hall’s Rifled muskets and a mix of civilian guns. 16th Alabama Infantry, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 27th Tennessee Infantry, issued new Enfield Rifles in December of 1861. 44th Tennessee Infantry, UNKNOWN 55th Tennessee Infantry, only two Companies armed with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 1,996 men, 3rd Mississippi Battalion and 44th Tennessee UNKNOWN- 490 rifles known and 580 smoothbores. Reserve Corp Brigadier General John C. Breckenridge Trabue’s Brigade 3rd Kentucky Infantry, evidence to mix cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 4th Alabama Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles and smoothbores 5th Kentucky Infantry, “Ragamuffins’ armed with long-rifles [civilian].” 6th Kentucky Infantry, went into the Battle armed with smoothbores, traded them for Enfield Rifles on the 6th. 31st Alabama Infantry, evidence to part Enfield Rifles and smoothbore muskets. Crew’s Infantry Battalion, “poorly armed.” 2,678 men. Second Brigade Brig. Gen. JOHN S. BOWEN (wounded) Col. JOHN D. MARTIN 9th Arkansas, mix of Hall’s Rifles, cap and ball .69 caliber muskets and civilian rifles and shotguns. Col. Isaac L. Dunlop 10th Arkansas, Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock Rifles .52 caliber Col. Thomas H. Merrick 2d Confederate Infantry [25th Mississippi Infantry], UNKNOWN Col. John d. Martin Maj. Thomas H. Mangum 1st Missouri Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles Third Brigade Col. WINFIELD S. STATHAM, 15th Mississippi 15th Mississippi Infantry, Co. G Maynard Rifles and Mississippi Rifles, the rest flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 22d Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Enfield Rifles. 19th Tennessee Infantry, initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, days before Shiloh, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and 97 Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber. Col. David H. Cummings 20th Tennessee Infantry, initially with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, in March of 1862, all new Enfield Rifles and accoutrements. Col. Joel A. Battle (captured) 28th Tennessee Infantry, “615 flintlock smoothbore muskets for 915 men October of 1861.” Possibility of Enfield Rifles for the balance. 45th Tennessee, Mix of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some Enfield Rifles and Mississippi Rifles.
  10. The 14th, 16th, and 18th Wisconsin were all armed with what was called the Dresden-Suhl Rifled musket...
  11. The 66th had a distinctive uniform, gray frock coat and pants-- a cartridge box made of bearskin, gray sugarloaf hats in which was placed as many as three squirrel tails. Tom Arliskas
  12. I came across an account by a soldier at Shiloh-- on the 2nd day-- while fighting over a Rebel Battery-- there were several charge and counter-chargers to retake the Battery. He states that Bowie knives were used with impunity. Now that is hand to hand!! I am sure bayonets were used to!! Tom
  13. At Shiloh-- the type of arms issued to a Regiment did make a difference on how deadly they were. Remember, the tactics used at the beginning of the War were meant for troops armed with smoothbore muskets-- Closed ranks, firing volleys, and then a bayonet charge. The invention of the rifled-musket changed all that. They went from marching in ranks, stopping and firing-- to take cover, avoid frontal assaults if you can, dig trenches or embrasures for the infantry and artillery to save the men. The Rifle did that, not the smoothbores. Ranger Allen believes the terrain and dense woods on the Shiloh Battlefield made the smoothbore not such a bad choice. Well, I will tell you-- I shoot these guns in competition and have been doing it for 40 years and a smoothbore in the hands of a practiced shooter-- firing hundreds of rounds in his or hers personal smoothbore, can hit a man size target at 50 yards almost every time. Now---------- take someone who never fired one [they have no rear sight, just a front sight on the top barrel band] loaded that cannon up-- try to aim where??? up-down?? and let go-- you would be lucky to hit 1 out of 5 at 50 yards and at 75 to 100! guess??? The same with a rifle in the hands of a new shooter-- you would aim to high or to low until you got the feel of the gun. That is why the soldiers were told to aim for the opponents legs-- this negated firing high... And if in the woods-- I personally would rather have a rifle-- shooting at a target 50 to 75 yards away-- you almost could not miss. Now in the woods, with canister and shells bursting in the air in the trees-- balls and minies flying all over-- some enemy in the woods in front of you coming your way.. you had to be a hell of a man to just stand there and aim till you knew you had him... research continues...
  14. Those troops were Louisiana soldiers who from letters, received from their Governor, new dark blue uniforms. They were either in the Crescent Regiment or one of the other Louisiana Regiments-- I have the notes, but not handy right now. Also, The early Louisiana units in New Orleans adopted blue uniforms and red caps back in April-May 1861-- Did they have these outfits almost a year later-- maybe-- They were encamped in cities on the Coast which would have enabled them to take care of and store this clothing. The Great Appeal for clothing for the LA. volunteers over the winter of 61-62' was in full swing as well. So a combination of uniforms and donated clothing? I would say it happened-- so why not... The Black uniforms-- a poorly dyed cloth will show up black in the shade... or look like black from a distance. Thanks Again-- Ozzy! As you can attest, this uniform stuff is not easy to find-- Maybe, that is why we dont have a set of comprehensive notes available for us... Tom
  15. Yes-- But that is then and this is now-- many years have passed since Don did Shiloh. We have much more in the way of research and new things are found all the time. I just pulled out my 14th Illinois notes and they received their new jackets in December of 1861. AND! the gray jackets-- seen in this picture-- were issued just shortly before that! Tom
  16. Awesome image! Where did you find that one! Of course the 14th by Shiloh were in blue jackets-- But a great image. Don did Shiloh, if I remember, because people at that time were asking for something Western. He had a hard time finding how Johnston was dressed at Shiloh-- after much research he came with this rendition. The Arkansas troops, their uniforms are based on research done by myself and Jerry Coats of Gettysburg. Jerry dug out the ordnance and clothing records in the National Archives. Using some photos and flag research we put it all together for this painting. Jerry said his Western stuff just did not sell as well as his Eastern Battlefield paintings and prints. Remember when it was all Gettysburg and Antietam 25 years ago!!! Not so much today, but that was the way it was back then. I will fill in the gaps. I did do the research for 10 Western figures for Don.-- Tom
  17. Research is continuing-- Found some good information on some of the different Louisiana Regiments. Will share in time, when I get it all together. Tom
  18. Research is continuing-- Found some good information on some of the different Louisiana Regiments. Will share in time, when I get it all together. Tom
  19. The Alabama Volunteer Corp- The Alabama State Army, Their Official Uniform Regulations were for a uniform of dark blue. And, many of the Alabama Volunteers and Companies wore blue in the first months of the Civil War. Is it possible that some of the Officers continued to use their Alabama coats-- of course. Tom
  20. Thank You Ozzy, ---Your help is appreciated! Two heads are better than one, or three or five! On the 12th Illinois, I have the complete history on this-- wagons of blue uniforms distributed the morning of April 6th. The same situation could have involved the 9th Illinois Infantry. Some of them still in gray, but am not done with that research. On the Blue uniformed Louisiana troops, yes.-- They came up from New Orleans dressed in blue jackets and gray trousers-- not a great uniform appearance for Shiloh. Working on that one too. Just found some more descriptions on their appearance during the Battle. On the 40th Illinois and the 2 Ohio Regiments not being properly uniformed-- FILL ME IN ON THOSE-- Still working on Ohio Quartermaster operations for the Fall of 1861- Spring of 1862. The Flags, I have notes, but have not yet dug into those. The Regiment told to reverse their jackets, I have that somewhere-- but FILL ME IN on that too! The Union Army did have three Zouave Regiments at Shiloh. The 11th Indiana still dressed in gray at Shiloh, according to one veteran. The 53rd and 54th Ohio were in Zouave type uniforms at Shiloh. McArthurs' Brigade wore Scottish tams into Battle. The Confederate were said to have a number of Zouave Companies in their ranks from Louisiana. The Washington Artillery-- and other Artillery units had distinctive uniforms. On the Scouts-- a white band attached to the hat or arm, was also used in Missouri by Union Home Guard Companies, so ordered by General Lyon himself to distinguish them from the Missouri State Guard. Thank You Again for your help. Tom
  21. Sorry, we are there already-- Tom!
  22. Yeah! The 14th, 16th, and 18th Wisconsin-- they won the Battle of Shiloh single-handed you know!!
  23. Stan!!! Wahoo!!! That was awesome. I don't know if everyone on the Forum has seen that, but it is a great find for uniform researchers. For the record, the Don Troiani painting of Johnston at Shiloh with the Arkansawyer's, I helped with the research on that one. I have done 12 or 13 research projects for Don that ended up as paintings in his book. I have also done research for many Civil War authors and other painters like Don. As to Ozzy's comments. For the Confederates they were under the Commutation System for clothing. A sum of $25.00 later raised, was given to the soldiers by the CS Government to help pay for clothing for service or a uniform. Some confusion reigned in the opening weeks of the Civil War when three sets of unofficial regulations for CS uniforms appeared in the papers. Several States, [Republics] authored their own Regulations for their "State Army," which also led to a sea of different cuts in uniforms and colors. By the late summer of 1861 all this finery and fluff was gone. Now it was getting cold and the soldiers needed warm clothing. The CS Government did not have the resources to produce 200,000 new uniforms for its Forces. Instead they opted for an "Appeal"-- the "Great Appeal" for warm winter clothing by donation by its citizens. And it worked. All manner of clothing was sent out to the Camps and Forts for the Confederates. Some of it was uniform in nature, the largest part homespun walnut dyed clothing of the Bush Variety as it was described. So they got their donated clothes! You might get a black pair of pants, a red or white cotton shirt, a civilian blouse or uniform jacket or frock as part of the big pile of clothing placed in front of you. Wool pants cost you more than cotton, and a uniform jacket more than a civilian blouse, and it came out of your commutation money$$$. Or ---if you were lucky Mom or your Wife sent out some new clothes just for you. From that you had for Spring, 1862, descriptions of "no-two dressed alike," or "half-civilian half military," when looking at a Confederate Regiment or Brigade on parade. The result of the Commutation System and the Great Appeal for donated clothing for the winter of 1861-1862. This is the exact description we get of Confederates, how they appeared at Shiloh. Each Confederate Company and Regiment had their own story as to how they were dressed at different times during the War. The Louisiana Troops, the State Militia Troops that came with Bragg to fight were much better uniformed than those from Tennessee, Mississippi, and Alabama. Tom Arliskas
  24. Stan! Of Course I remember you! I am a big follower of yours. I was just browsing through the photos you have on this post and find them wonderful as to uniforms and firearms. The Wisconsin men in the 4 button State Blouses; Unique canteen and haversack straps; their Dresden-Suhl Muskets. The 23rd Missouri in their St. Louis Depot jackets. The Illinois men in their State Jackets. Iowa in the Regulation frock coats and caps! You have it. Not done the Confederates yet. One thing at a time. The one Group mentioned the most often were the troops from Louisiana-- the Crescent Regiment-- and their appearance on the Battlefield of Shiloh. Dressed in blue and marching in perfect step! I am going to cover them in my presentation. Thank You for your support already! Tom Arliskas
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