Everything posted by 67th Tigers
This was, of course, a fiction on Grant's behalf. As Feis has pointed out, Grant was obsessed with Columbus and resisted moving against Fort Henry etc. In fact, the movement against Fort Henry was part of McClellan's 3rd January order to Halleck, and was designated as a feint attack. The main effort would be on the Cumberland against Dover (i.e. Ft Donelson). However, the rebels gave up the fort, and hence it was occupied. Grant doesn't appear to get on board with the idea of a Ft Henry attack until after CF Smith returns after the 25th January.
Most people reference Gott's book when giving Confederate strength at Fort Donelson. Gott mostly uses the "tabular statement" compiled at the time: He then proceeds to make a few imputations for units not included above. Investigation has shown that every unit he imputed is already in this list. They are: Culbertson's Battery of 300; these were the men manning the water battery, but were detachments from units in the list. The battery was manned by Maury's (Ross') battery, Coy A of 30th TN and Coy A of 50th TN. These units are on the list, and Gott double counts them. Melton's scouts are listed in the table as having 15 men. Gott gives them 58. Major Fielding Gowan's Tennessee cavalry squadron is listed on the table as having 60. Gott estimates 170. The Kentucky cavalry coys were attached to Forrest's regiment, and are included in it (see the returns below). Gott doesn't list sources, but gives Huey's coy an incredible 112. Also, for no reason Gott added 150 surrendered to the 48th TN. Finally, there is an addition error in his artillery table. We also have the returns for the formations a mere two weeks prior to Fort Donelson: Of these formations, the majority of the 4th Division, the whole of Floyd's "division" and Clark's brigades, and the artillery and 7 regiments of Buckner's division were at Donelson. Fortunately Buckner broke down the regiments strengths in his report and it is close to 7/12ths of his January return, and can be accepted. The PFD at Donelson can be (over)estimated thus: Thus the estimate of 13,000 given by the likes of Pillow seems accurate. Note that the highest figure given by any confederate is by Preston Johnston, but he double counted Clark's and Floyd's brigades. Removing the double counts give 15,000, which is consistent with the returns.
Regular and volunteer rank are different, and were set separately. The regular army clearing out was published as GO64 of 1861, and it made Halleck a MG in the regular army dated 19th August 1861, and hence 4th ranking general in the whole army (after Scott, McClellan and Fremont). GO62 related to the volunteer force, and BG(V) seniority was based on regular army seniority. If you look at the list, all currently serving officers are first, in order of seniority. WT Sherman as Col of the 13th Inf, and hence was very high up the list. Buell was a regular Lt Col, and so listed below the Cols (2 below Sherman). The most junior serving officer to be made BG(V) was Capt Pope. Then came all ex-regulars, with seniority equal to their rank. Grant had left as a capt, and so his seniority placed him below the likes of Lt Col Hooker and Maj Kearny. After the ex-regulars came the pure volunteers, and it looks like those who had Federalised militia commissions came first, and finally those who were direct appointees, such as BG(V) McClernand. All the Commissions awarded by the time the Senate confirmed appointments en masse in early August were dated to 17th May '61. Those whose Commission was confirmed after this date were added with the date of confirmation, and regular rank was not counted. Hence Thomas and CF Smith, whose BG(V) ranks were awarded later were low on the list. Regulars in a rank were always senior to the volunteers, regardless of dates. Volunteer rank could be revoked at any time by the Secretary of War, even if confirmed (as he did to Stone). Regular rank could only be removed by a court martial.