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Found 5 results

  1. Ozzy

    Buell Wins Shiloh

    For those who enjoy "alternative views of history" the attached link leads to a 9-volume examination of Campaigns of the Civil War. Originally devised in 1880 (and published as a 13-volume set) this HathiTrust version is dated 1963 with a view to "reduce the unwieldy number of volumes for a modern-day reader not so accepting of multiple-volume histories as was the reader of two generations ago." http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39076006502236;view=1up;seq=37 Of particular interest is the chapter "Concentration at Nashville" (to be found in the above link to Volume 4 pages 21 - 31). Beginning with an explanation of how and why Don Carlos Buell occupied Nashville, the chapter presents a solid biography of General Buell leading up to his taking command of the Army of the Ohio; and includes a brief explanation and history of each of the Divisions (and their commanders) functioning as components of that army. On page 27, the reader is introduced to the claim that, "General Buell wrote at length to Henry Halleck on January 3rd 1862 proposing a joint campaign against the enemy involving Federal movements up the Cumberland and Tennessee Rivers." On page 29, the positioning of Buell's forces at Nashville is examined, preparatory to the Campaign against Corinth. Also on page 29 is the following: "Buell's Army, after crossing Duck River, pressed rapidly forward" (without any mention of the delay, or possible effects on April 6th.) And the reader is left with the impression (upon review of page 30) that Buell and his fellows won the Battle of Shiloh (because all mentions of U.S. Grant and the Army of the Tennessee appear to be purely accidental.) A bit tongue-in-cheek, this post is presented as evidence of the danger of "summarizing History too much" ...because on page 30 the reader is invited to "review the Battle of Shiloh in more detail," yet that original Volume 2 appears to be one of the "extraneous volumes" deleted for benefit of the "overwhelmed reader of Civil War history." What remains in this 1963 version of Campaigns of the Civil War is an Eastern Theatre-focused examination of the Civil War that many of us were exposed to during our schooling in the 1960 - 1980s (and which Shiloh Discussion Group is attempting to redress.) Cheers Ozzy Reference: http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/009915611 1963 version of Campaigns of the Civil War, edited and published (1881-1883) by Thomas Yoseloff (with subject of volumes and contributors to those volumes as indicated): Outbreak of Rebellion (from Sumter to Bull Run) by John G. Nicolay, Secretary to President Lincoln Peninsula Campaign of George B. McClellan by Alexander Webb Antietam and Fredericksburg by Francis W. Palfrey Army of the Cumberland (from Crazy Sherman to success at Chattanooga) by Henry M. Cist Atlanta (from Chattanooga to Sherman's Conquest) by Jacob D. Cox Shenandoah Valley (1864) by George E. Pond The Blockade and the Cruisers by James R. Soley The Gulf and Inland Waters by Alfred Thayer Mahan [this chapter is where Fort Henry, Fort Donelson and the Navy at Shiloh is discussed] Atlas.
  2. On September 13th 1861, Corporal Jacob Harrison Allspaugh began this diary (and managed to record the drunken party of the night before.) On this day, the 31st Ohio Infantry moved south, out of Ohio and into Kentucky, where it set up tents at Camp Dick Robinson. And almost immediately, misfortune strikes Corporal Allspaugh: while showing a friend a revolver, he shot himself in the hand. For the next several weeks, the diary entries revolve around attempts to "extract the bullet," until finally Jacob Allspaugh was sent away for specialist care, and the bullet removed (in November.) Recovering quickly, Corporal Allspaugh rejoined his regiment, in time for the Battle of Mill Springs (but the 31st OVI was late getting orders, and missed the fight.) Marched to Louisville, the 31st Ohio boarded a steamer and cruised up the Cumberland River to Nashville (where Allspaugh witnessed one American flag, many looks of contempt, and too many "hissing women.") From Nashville, the 31st Ohio Infantry began "that march" south and west to join Grant's Army at Savannah. Corporal Allspaugh describes the small, neat towns passed; the former cotton fields (now planted in wheat); and the mostly friendly country people (despite their politics.) Being near the tail-end of the line, the 31st Ohio was only delayed briefly by the rebuilding of "that bridge" over Duck River; but seriously delayed by baggage wagons of the divisions ahead of the 1st Division. The 31st OVI arrived at Pittsburg Landing on April 20th (Allspaugh describes the appearance of the battlefield, two weeks after the contest; and sketched the "grave" of Albert Sidney Johnston.) On April 24th, Corporal Allspaugh recorded hearing the sound of a skirmish in the direction of Corinth; he recorded hearing "firing in the direction of Corinth" again on the 28th. On April 29th, "the expedition of 90,000 men started for Corinth." And for the next several pages, Corporal Allspaugh records the daily, distant sounds of skirmishes; advancing short distances (followed by picket duty or digging); and the rumors... (On April 29th, they heard about the Capture of New Orleans, but nobody believed it.) On May 1st, they "heard that McClellan was dead." And on May 8th, the rumor circulated "that Corinth had been evacuated." Despite the daily skirmishes somewhere on the line, the 31st Ohio managed to avoid contact... until May 21st (when Corporal Allspaugh records "taking his first shot at a Rebel (but without knowing the result.") Continuing to close the distance to Corinth, Allspaugh records the arrival of Jacob Thompson under flag-of-truce to exchange prisoners; the sudden shortage of fresh water (beginning May 17th); and the daily rumor: "The attack is tomorrow." Finally, there were the sounds of explosions on the morning of May 30th, announcing that Corinth had been evacuated. The 31st Ohio was marched to Farmington, and joined the pursuit of the fleeing Rebels south -- as far as Rienzi, Mississippi -- before being recalled to Corinth in early June. The diary of Corporal Allspaugh is mostly legible, cursive handwriting (with a typed transcript at bottom of each page.) Every-other page begins a new series of diary entries (with the pages in-between devoted to "more in-depth details of the events found on the previous page.") The observations of Smithland, Fort Donelson (under Union occupation), Clarksville and its bridge, Nashville and Columbia are perceptive and precise. Conditions of roads, the country marched over, and the weather each day are described. In all, this diary offers a good summary of the march from Nashville to Savannah; and a detailed description of one Ohio soldier's March to Corinth. Cheers Ozzy http://128.255.22.135/cdm/ref/collection/cwd/id/6494 Diary of Corporal Allspaugh, 31st Ohio, courtesy Iowa Digital Heritage Collection.
  3. Ozzy

    Another telegram to ASJ

    We're all aware of the telegram sent by Colonel Ben Helm to General Albert Sidney Johnston afternoon of Sunday, April 6th (which wound up in possession of Colonel Thomas Jordan, who delivered it to General Beauregard after Johnston's death.) That telegram -- indicating Buell's Army of the Ohio was marching south, away from Savannah -- may have led to Beauregard putting an end to Confederate military operations on Day One of Shiloh. The attached link refers to a telegram sent from Decatur Alabama same day, detailing the order of march of Army of the Ohio, and "30 or 40,000 troops having passed Columbia" (with no indication of their direction of march.) This may have been the last telegram General Johnston received before he succumbed to his wound. Cheers Ozzy http://civilwar.rosenbach.org/?p=5606 [provided by "Today in the Civil War: dispatches from the Rosenbach Collection" published during the 150th Anniversary, 2011-15 this is the telegram sent early April 6th 1862 from LtCol J.B. Biffle at Decatur to General A.S. Johnston, via Corinth] N.B. Of interest (for those with keen eyesight): the Heading for this telegram indicates "April 6, 1862 -- J.B. Biffle telegram to Joseph Johnston." Sent to Corinth on April 6th, there is no way this telegram was intended for Joseph Johnston... Ozzy.
  4. Ozzy

    Buell meets Grant

    Depending on the reference, General Buell is reported to have arrived at Pittsburg Landing by steamer from Savannah early afternoon of April 6th and met General Grant: a) at the house near the river, or b] aboard Grant's dispatch boat (floating HQ) the Tigress. Upon review of primary sources, the only man who infers Buell met Grant at the house is John Rawlins, Grant's AAG [OR 10 page 185]. Every other primary source (including Grant, himself) indicates the initial meeting took place aboard the Tigress [Memoirs vol.1 page 283.] General Buell goes into more detail, and reports "that he arrived at Pittsburg Landing and enquired for General Grant, and was directed to the nearly adjacent dispatch boat. Buell went aboard and met General Grant at the door of the Ladies' Cabin. Several of Grant's Staff officers were also in that cabin [Century article of 1887, pages 492-493]. Also worth noting: General Buell was accompanied by at least one Staff officer, his Chief of Staff, James Barnet Fry. Why is this meeting and its location important? In the early afternoon, Grant's messengers returned from delivering their orders to MGen Lew Wallace. The first messenger encountered by Grant, Lieutenant Frank Bennett, was met by Grant and Captain Rowley (ADC) as the pair were riding west to meet with General Sherman. Cavalry Officer Bennett reported that he'd met Wallace and his 3rd Division while they were having dinner (between 1130 and noon) and that Wallace intended on taking the route that his written orders (delivered by Baxter) directed; Lew Wallace was not coming via the River Road. General Grant immediately sent Rowley and Bennett back north up the River Road with orders for Lew Wallace to "Bring your division to Pittsburg Landing via the River Road" and, in addition, gave Captain Rowley authority to put those orders in writing if Lew Wallace demanded. Grant watched the messengers depart; then aborted his meeting with Sherman, reversed course, and returned to Pittsburg Landing... to find the Tigress (carrying Captain A.S. Baxter, AQM) had returned from Crump's Landing. The "conversation" between John Rawlins, A.S. Baxter and U.S. Grant would have been most interesting... and may have been interrupted by the arrival of General Buell. Timing is everything... Ozzy N.B. The above meeting between Grant, Rawlins and Baxter is conjecture, based on timing of significant events -- Ozzy.
  5. Ozzy

    Buell's Civil War

    Just for the exercise, and sparked by a recent exchange with Darryl, I thought it might be of benefit to present a list of Don Carlos Buell's noteworthy experiences during the War Between the States. You may find some of the revelations surprising... May 20, 1861 Assigned to Department of the Pacific based at San Francisco, as Asst Adj General on the staff of General E.V. Sumner (the man who replaced Albert Sidney Johnston as Commander of that Department) September 14 Assigned to the Defenses of Washington, D.C. (and promoted to Brigadier General) November 15 Took over Department of the Ohio (replaced W.T. Sherman) Jan 18, 1862 A force belonging to Buell's Department [George Thomas] achieves victory at Mill Springs February Provided "distant support" for Fort Henry/Fort Donelson operations February 9 A force belonging to Buell's Department [Ormsby Mitchel] occupies Bowling Green, KY February 23 A force belonging to Buell [William "Bull" Nelson] occupies Nashville March 11 Buell's Department is absorbed, becoming part of Henry Halleck's Department of the Mississippi March 21 Buell promoted to Major General (but now junior to US Grant, promoted February 16) March/April While leading most of the Army of the Ohio to the support of US Grant at Pittsburg Landing, Buell's focus appears to be concentrated on the rebuilding of bridges and roadways, and the establishment of a telegraph line... not timely arrival. April 6 Buell's Army of the Ohio provides support near close of the First Day at Shiloh April 7 Buell provides a major Federal force of fresh troops and helps drive Beauregard from the field at Shiloh, Day 2 Aprill 11 A force belonging to Buell [Ormsby Mitchel] occupies Huntsville and cuts the vital M&C R.R. April/May Buell engages in Crawl to Corinth in command of Army of the Center June Following occupation of Corinth, Buell provides support to Federal forces under Pope pushing south towards Beauregard's cantonment at Tupelo, Mississippi. Satisfied that the Rebel Army is dissolving before his very eyes, Henry Halleck calls Buell away mid-June and sends his Army of the Ohio east, with instructions to occupy Chattanooga (but the main focus, as directed by Halleck involves the rebuilding of rail lines and bridges.) Buell is afterwards seen as "responsible" for the escape of Braxton Bragg from Chattanooga. July 4 Confederate John Hunt Morgan commences an ambitious cavalry raid lasting several weeks through Kentucky (which happens to be Buell's area of responsibility.) Buell is embarrassed; leaders in Washington express growing concern about Buell's competence. August 29-30 A force under Bull Nelson is routed at Battle of Richmond by Kirby Smith (who is in process of joining forces with Braxton Bragg for a planned campaign through Kentucky and Tennessee) September Following Confederate success at Richmond, Buell is uncertain where Rebels intend to attack next. Louisville, Lexington, Nashville and Cincinnati are hastily defended; Sept 29 About the same day Bull Nelson is gunned down by a brother officer in Louisville, Buell is ordered relieved of command of the Army of the Ohio. However, George Thomas (the designated replacement) refuses to carry out the order; Buell continues as Commander of that Army. October 8 Battle of Perryville is not seen as correctly fought: although the Confederates under Bragg withdraw south from Kentucky, providing a strategic victory for the North, the focus of leaders in Washington is on the tactical victory won by the Rebels. October 29 William Rosecrans relieves Don Carlos Buell; the Army of the Ohio renamed Army of the Cumberland. October Buell ordered to Indianapolis to await further instructions. For the rest of the war (until his resignation in 1864) Buell is a Major General without a Department. Ozzy References: http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=loc.ark:/13960/t6tx3qs9p;view=2up;seq=8 12 Decisive Battles of the War, by William Swinton (especially pages 124, 179, and 190-192) wikipedia (various) Autobiography of Lew Wallace, part 2 pages 562-564, 603-627 http://archive.org/stream/lewwallaceautobi00wall#page/628/mode/2up http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/America/United_States/Army/USMA/Cullums_Register/1090*.html http://civilwardailygazette.com/the-assassination-of-bull-nelson-the-firing-and-rehiring-of-don-carlos-buell/ http://civilwardailygazette.com/how-don-carlos-buell-learned-he-was-fired/
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