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  1. As a rule, I am not a fan of audio presentations, without video to enhance it. But while doing some sorting and rearranging in the office, put this American Military History Podcast – Shiloh on… and was pleasantly surprised. The Story of Shiloh, as told by the narrator, is not far off from how I believe a fair telling of the Battle of Shiloh should run. The full presentation requires just over an hour, so in the interest of allowing “bits of most interest” to be accessed (begin at 4 minute mark): 4 minutes PGT Beauregard, upon receiving a report on 2 APR that, “Lew Wallace is moving his Division west, thus dividing Grant’s army,” initiates the Rebel move from Corinth; 23 mins General Sherman in the days prior to Battle of Shiloh: 26:30 Jesse Appler and the 53rd Ohio annoy Sherman; 29:30 U.S. Grant hears the guns of battle; 29:30 Beauregard believes surprise has been lost, and attempts to abort attack; 31:40 Peabody 39:00 Grant meets Sherman at 10 a.m. 45:30 Rebel attack plan of “driving the Union northwest, into the swamp” is inadvertently altered to “driving the Federals northeast, towards the Landing” 47:30 Prentiss frustrates the Rebels by holding on in the Thicket. 52:30 The death of Albert Sidney Johnston; 55:00 Prentiss surrenders. 57:30 The last assault, against Grant’s Last Line. 58:00 Beauregard ends Day One operations. 61:00 Lew Wallace… 64:00 Grant’s errors… 65:00 Nathan Bedford Forrest 66:30 Colonel Helm’s bad intelligence, advising, “Buell is moving south…” The podcast finishes with a brief description of Fallen Timbers, and summary of casualties. Overall, I found the presentation impressive, and mostly accurate. Most errors were due to editing (errors of omission) as opposed to Fact errors. But, have a listen, and tell me what you think. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NVVYl_dAB4c Shiloh podcast of 4 July 2018 by American Military History Podcast on YouTube. [Fourteen other Civil War battle narratives by the same organization available on YouTube, including Fort Sumter, Bull Run, Wilson's Creek and Second Manassas https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MI6-GfRVbPA&list=PLZ487KCnJN833w3UKDCSNZGYkkAC9_kF6 ]
  2. The following link leads to 21 pages of titles/ authors of primary sources (created through about 1920) relating to Battle of Shiloh: http://www.civilwardigital.com/Shiloh-_Guide_to_Collection.pdf Guide to Shiloh primary sources Cheers Ozzy
  3. I have long searched for these two maps, and only just discovered the method to access them online: they were either commissioned or drawn by MGen US Grant in March 1862, and were sent to General Halleck (along with a brief report) on March 25th 1862 [OR 52 (part 1) page 230]. To be found in the Atlas of the Official Records (mislabelled as Plate 75) they are Maps 3 and 6 of Plate 78 (Plate LXXVIII). They should open through this link: http://ehistory.osu.edu/books/official-records/atlas-plates-61-120 (General Grant's maps of Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing: maps 3 and 6) Ozzy N.B. Just tried it... click on Plate 75's Image, and on the expanded image, the two maps are at top right corner, and bottom right corner. (Otherwise click on written heading "Plate 78" for the same result: headings do not match images, as listed in Atlas -- Ozzy.)
  4. Ozzy

    Shiloh Sources

    Frequently, people wanting to read more about Shiloh, the people involved, and the military units engaged, request "lists of references" that may be studied at leisure, to find out specific information. What follows is a significant list of references, provided courtesy of the Tennessee Secretary of State (scroll about halfway down): http://sos.tn.gov/products/tsla/bibliography-tennessee-local-history-sources-hardin-county Shiloh Bibliography. And although already posted someplace else on SDG site, below is the Tennessee Interactive Map: http://sos.tn.gov/products/tsla/tennessee-civil-war-gis-interactive-map Skirmish and Battle locations in Tennessee. Regards Ozzy
  5. For some time now, the "World's Biggest Library" ...has been the internet. Organizations such as Project Gutenberg, HathiTrust, archive.org -- often in conjunction with university and State libraries -- are actively scanning out-of-print resources onto the various internet collections (allowing free access to anyone with a computer and an internet connection.) Some amazing resources are available... Shiloh, Battle of, Tenn., 1862 In the days before the internet, Librarians recorded reference material, and filed it away, in accordance with strict guidelines (such as the above designation for "Shiloh"). Three x five cards were used to record essential information IRT all resources, and the restricted space available on the 3 x 5 card encouraged inclusion of only the most necessary details. Space also restricted what resources were available on Library shelves: it costs money (usually taxpayer dollars) to expand a library; much cheaper to hire use of a warehouse and cram "infrequently used" resources into it. And references that appear to be no longer needed (determined through lack of use) are often sold at Library auctions. http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu The above link is the Home Page for the University of Pennsylvania's contribution to the ever-increasing amount of resources streaming onto the internet: that UPenn is attempting to classify and compile "popular categories" of information, and make those included resources more accessible to the rest of us: http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/webbin/book/browse?type=lcsubc&key=Shiloh%2C Battle of%2C Tenn.%2C 1862&c=x The above link at "onlinebooks" takes you to all of the archived references known to feature Battle of Shiloh. Resources subject to copyright restriction are not included. Personalities (such as Generals Grant and Beauregard) are collected at their own separate links. This site is frequently updated, so if nothing catches your eye today, check back in a month... Cheers Ozzy
  6. I was hoping to discuss this topic when I joined you at Fort Donelson for the 2016 Fall Hike. But since my travel plans fell through, I've decided to introduce the topic, now... I'm sure most of you have given some thought to this all ready: the many similarities of the Battle of Shiloh to the Engagement at Fort Donelson. In many respects, Shiloh presents as Fort Donelson-in-reverse, with the Federals at Shiloh acting as defenders, and Rebels acting as attackers. Obviously, the biggest difference involves the outcome: the Defenders lost Fort Donelson; but the Defenders won at Pittsburg Landing. Here are some of the similarities between the two actions: Location: both "bastions" were situated on the west bank of a major river, with that river in flood; High ground: both engagements involved Defenders fighting a fort/stronghold, perched on high ground; Detachments: Lew Wallace was away from the main area of operation, at Crump's Landing; Floyd was initially at Clarksville; The real objective was "someplace else" ...for US Grant, the Battle of Shiloh was supposed to take place at Corinth Mississippi; the Engagement at Fort Donelson was necessary because the primary Federal objective (Fort Columbus) was too strong; River defenses: defenders at both bastions had significant river-based defenses. At Pittsburg Landing, Grant had Navy gunboats at his disposal; and he had access to paddle steamers to act as troop transports and ammunition resupply. At Fort Donelson, the Defenders had access to paddle steamers to act as troop transports and ammunition resupply; large calibre guns faced the river and a floating abattis was in place one mile upstream downstream; and sunken hulks were in place at Lineville, all designed to frustrate Union gunboats. Timing was critical. During the Battle of Shiloh, US Grant had to hold on until Buell arrived; at Fort Donelson, Floyd believed he had to hold on until Albert Sidney Johnston completed his evacuation from Bowling Green and reached Nashville; Opportunity to escape: at Pittsburg Landing, Grant had access to pontoons to construct a bridge (which he was aware of, but ignored); Floyd had the opportunity to escape the trap that Fort Donelson became, but flubbed the execution; Both actions required multiple days (Fort Donelson 11-16 February; and Shiloh 4-8 April 1862) Misuse of cavalry. Because US Grant was ordered "Do not bring on a general Engagement," he restricted the extent of his cavalry patrols (almost resulting in fatal consequences); Floyd Pillow made use of his cavalry for reconnaissance, but did not use it offensively (against Federal troops marching across from Fort Henry) with fatal consequences [Pillow sent Nathan Bedford Forrest away on reconnaissance on the morning of February 12th with the added direction "Do not bring on a general engagement" [See OR vol. 7 page 328 Buckner's report]; Controversy: Fort Donelson had four different Confederate commanders over the course of ten days; Pittsburg Landing had five different Federal commanders... on one day... until US Grant arrived from Savannah after 8:30am on April 6th and assumed overall control; Controversy too: Lew Wallace and Don Carlos Buell were late arriving at the Battle of Shiloh; Floyd and Pillow left Buckner holding the bag in the final hours at Fort Donelson; POWs Significant numbers of Confederate prisoners were taken at Fort Donelson and mostly sent north to Camp Douglas at Chicago and Camp Morton at Indianapolis; significant numbers of Federal prisoners were taken during the Battle of Shiloh and mostly sent to Tuscaloosa, Selma, Cahaba, Montgomery Cotton Shed and Macon's Camp Oglethorpe. Just to ponder... Ozzy References on request
  7. For anyone who has never read a Staff Ride Guidebook, this is your opportunity... Staff Ride Handbook for the Battle of Shiloh, 6-7 April 1862, by LtCol Jeffrey Gudmens USA; Combat Studies Institute Press, Fort Leavenworth, KS [2003], 160 pages. A no-nonsense description of the environment, leaders, troops and weapons involved in the Battle of Shiloh, designed for use by officers-in-training during a visit to the battlefield, experiencing in 3-D what it was like for the original participants. And providing a hands-on opportunity to second guess the leaders, or at least, better understand their actions. Consisting of five sections, Section One describes the weapons used (in detail), troop numbers and organization, and tactics employed. Forty-two pages of interesting facts, with some unexpected gems, such as this one: the development of the rifled musket was a better innovation than the development of the rifled cannon, although it would seem that 'rifling' would improve both types of weapon equally. The reason: the tactics employed. Infantrymen (especially defenders) were able to put their long-range accuracy to better use; while artillerymen still used Mexican War tactics that brought them into range of the rifled musket of the infantry. Also, the type of projectile used against infantry concentrations did not benefit by the addition of rifling groves in the cannon barrel. Section Two (pages 43-57) provides an overview of the Shiloh Campaign, beginning with the crumbling of Johnston's Kentucky Line, and ending on the evening of April 5th. The Confederate goals, and the Federal determination to link Buell with Grant before pressing south to Corinth, are discussed. Concise biographies of the major players on both sides are presented. Section Three is devoted to 'Suggested routes and vignettes,' offering twenty possible scenarios (called 'stands') for examination and discussion, on site. Included, are stands for Fraley Field; Peabody's Camps; Sherman's Second Line; Lew Wallace's march; Stuart's Brigade resistance; the Hornet's Nest... Section Four, beginning page 133, talks about the need for students to read, study and prepare before embarking on a Staff Ride. Section Five lays out logistics to consider, to enable a successful visit to the Military Park. The Appendix includes 'Order of Battle' for USA and CSA; more biographical sketches; and a list/description of the Medal of Honor winners at Shiloh. At least two dozen maps, most accompany the vignettes. And, even the most crusty Shiloh expert will discover at least one 'interesting fact' not encountered before. (For me, it was the revelation that the Federal standing Army was 16000 men, prior to the start of the war. Of that number, the Officers with Southern sympathies were allowed to resign; but the Enlisted men with Southern sympathies were not... Which begs the question...) http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/cgsc/carl/download/csipubs/gudmens.pdf Cheers Ozzy
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