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  1. It is generally assumed that cavalry units 'didn't do much' at Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing. In fact, one reference I have encountered records the 5th Ohio Cavalry as 'not engaged; remained at Crumps' for its service during Shiloh. Yet, that simplistic dismissal does many cavalry regiments disservice... including the 5th Ohio. Organized near Cincinnati in Oct/Nov 1861, the unit was designated as the 2nd Ohio Cavalry; but the change to 5th Ohio was ordered by Governor Dennison in November 1861. First assigned to active duty at Paducah (BGen WT Sherman) in March 1862, the regiment is recorded as having participated in the following operations over the course of its career: Shiloh Corinth Davis Mills Chattanooga (courier duties) Siege of Savannah Campaign for the Carolinas The 5th Ohio Cavalry was mustered out October 30th, 1865; its losses during the war: one officer and 26 enlisted men KIA; three officers and 140 enlisted died from disease, for a total of 170 deaths. [Ohio Adjutant General, Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion, volume 11] Shortly after arrival at Paducah, the 5th Ohio accompanied General Sherman's expedition up the Tennessee River, tasked with cutting the Memphis & Charleston Railroad... or rather, part of it travelled with Sherman: the cavalry regiment was divided into three battalions of two or three companies each. The 2nd Battalion (Major EG Ricker) accompanied Sherman, and attempted to cut the M & C RR between Iuka and Corinth; the 3rd Batalion (Major Charles Hayes) was detached at Crump's Landing for service with MGen Lew Wallace's 3rd Division. The 3rd Battalion immediately got to work north of Purdy, and tore up half a mile of track (and a trestle over a swamp) belonging to the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, about March 12th. During the last week of March, Major Hayes and his element of the 5th Ohio Cavalry were detailed to repair the Shunpike [including reinforcing Owl Creek Bridge], guided by Lew Wallace's instruction: 'He should be able to send a battery over the completed roadway and bridges, on the run.' [Autobiography of Lew Wallace, pages 452-3] During the week leading up to the Battle of Shiloh, the 5th Ohio Cavalry was involved with the following actions: April 1/2 2nd Batt, Major Ricker Sherman's expedition up the Tennessee against Eastport and Chickasaw April 2/3 2nd Batt Colonel Taylor overnight reconnaissance four miles south towards Corinth (prisoners taken, believed to be acting as spies) April 4 2nd Batt Major Ricker sent to investigate attack on picket post, where a dozen Union troops were taken prisoner (10 men of 1st Alabama Cav captured) On the morning of April 6, the cavalry regiment was in process of reorganization (of artillery and cavalry units), ordered by General Grant on April 2nd. The 1st and 2nd Battalions were now under Stephen Hurlbut, 4th Division, and ordered to the far left end of his line, with directions: 'Keep back the Rebel cavalry.' Lew Wallace still had possession of the 3rd Battalion: that bit of the 5th Ohio Cavalry accompanied the rest of the 3rd Division on a wander of twelve miles or more, before finally arriving at Pittsburg Landing after sundown. Elements of the 5th Ohio Cavalry were involved in the final action of the battle, at Fallen Timbers, on April 8. Ozzy References: Autobiography of Lew Wallace Ohio Adjutant General, Soldiers in the War of the Rebellion, volume 11 OR Serial 10 (pages 9, 24, 78-83, 86-92) and Serial 11 (pages 87-90)
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