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Found 1 result

  1. Notes on Firearms used by the different Confederate Regiments and Brigades at the Battle of Shiloh April 6-7th 1862. Note* The results posted here is a work in progress to be updated when new research is found. The results are not final. This is a simple compilation of what has been discovered. The footnotes are not included here, but will be part of a final paper or report to be given to the Shiloh NPS. For the record, sources used were RG 109 Regimental Papers NA., The Wyckoff analysis done by the Shiloh NPS on firearms, Frederick Todd’s book on American Military Equipage, Official Records of the Civil War, and several other State and written sources from Civil War Study Groups, letters, papers, photographic evidence of original Confederate soldiers posing with their issued firearms, Regimental Histories, Confederate Veteran Magazine and memoirs. 1st Corp Major General Leonidas Polk Clark’s Division Russell’s Brigade 11th Louisiana- evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 12th Tennessee-evidence to the use of cap and ball and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 13th Tennessee-evidence to the use of flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, “we had old flintlocks, muzzle loaders with buck and ball.” 22nd Tennessee- initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, early British smoothbores .70 caliber—possible issue of Enfield Rifles, before or picked up during the Battle. Total—for the Brigade 2,650 smoothbores and a possible 800 with Enfield Rifles—research continues. Stewart’s Brigade 13th Arkansas- evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 4th Tennessee-evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and an assortment of “old guns.” 5th Tennessee [35th Tennessee]-evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores, some Companies with civilian Rifles, Mississippi Rifles or 1855 Rifles, research continues- 33rd Tennessee- initially “shotguns, civilian hunting rifles”-issued flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores prior to Battle. Total—for the Brigade 1,706 smoothbores, maybe 100 rifles, research continues. Cheatham’s Division Johnson’s Brigade Blythe’s Infantry Mississippi, 7 Hall’s Rifles returned after the Battle— Co A. Sharp’s Rifles, Co B. shotguns, Co I. Civilian Rifles .32 caliber, and he rest old flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets. 2nd Tennessee Infantry, J. Knox Walker—UNKNOWN 15TH Tennessee Infantry, initially 744 men with flintlocks .69 caliber—mixed flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets during the Battle of Shiloh. 154th Tennessee Senior Infantry, Co. L armed with Maynard Rifles, the rest unknown. 2, 052 men in the Brigade—we know of 500 with smoothbores and 50-100 with Maynard Rifles .32 or .50 caliber. Stephen’s Brigade 7th Kentucky Infantry, evidence to being armed with new Enfield Rifles prior to Battle. 1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion, some Companies with 1855 rifles, and the rest .69 caliber smoothbores 6th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores and some cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 9th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores 1,620 men in the Brigade, estimated 600 with rifles, Enfield’s and Maynard’s, the rest 1020 with smoothbore muskets. 2nd Corp Major General Braxton Bragg Ruggle’s Division Gibson’s Brigade 1st Arkansas Infantry, Fagan’s, Co. B with smoothbores 4th Louisiana, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 13th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to the issue of 700 muskets, smoothbores, type unknown. 19th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,560 men with most smoothbores. Anderson’s Brigade 1st Florida Infantry, “upon the Regimental formation…the Franklin Rifles received 1855 rifled muskets, [drilled initially with flintlock muskets], Confederate Government issued Model 1842 .69 caliber muskets, Pensacola Guards armed with a mixture of muskets.” 9th Texas Infantry, evidence to .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some with shotguns. 17th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to some carrying .54 rebored civilian rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 20th Louisiana Infantry, UNKNOWN Confederate Guards Response Battalion, 1,000 .58 caliber rounds issued- some had 1855 rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 1,633 men, 50-100 1855 rifled muskets, possible civilian rifles bored to .54 caliber, low numbers issued, estimated 426 with smoothbores, the rest UNKNOWN Pond’s Brigade 16th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence some Companies with Mississippi Rifles, and .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 18th Louisiana Infantry, flank companies armed with rifles and the rest smoothbore muskets. 38th Tennessee Infantry, “I have armed Looney’s with Shotguns, Country Rifles, and old muskets [flintlocks?].” Crescent Infantry, “5 Companies with 1819 Hall’s rifles .52 caliber, 2 Companies with smoothbore muskets, and 1 with shotguns.” Orleans Guards Infantry Battalion, flank Companies with 1855 rifles and the rest Model 1842 .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 2,644 men, 150-250 with Mississippi rifles, [250 with Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber], 100 with shotguns, and the rest approximately 2,044 with smoothbores. Wither’s Division Gladden’s Brigade 1st Louisiana Regulars, flank Companies .58 caliber 1855 rifled muskets, the balance .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 21st Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 22nd Alabama Infantry, armed with private purchase Enfield two band rifles and sword bayonets. 25th Alabama Infantry, issues of caps 2,000 and photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber muskets, and some shotguns. 26th Alabama Infantry, photo evidence to some Companies, flank, Mississippi Rifles and the balance .69 caliber cap and ball muskets smoothbores. 2,156 men, maybe 500-600 with rifles, and the rest approximately 1600 with .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. Chalmer’s Brigade 5th Mississippi, issue evidence, 9,000 musket ball cartridges and 1,000 musket caps, and photo evidence smoothbore musket—Armed with .69 caliber cap and ball smoothbore muskets. 7th Mississippi Infantry, Co. F armed with Hall’s Rifles .52 calibler. 9th Mississippi Infantry, Co. D armed with Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, other sources list Enfield Rifles issued prior to Shiloh. 10th Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Rifles, Mississippi’s and 1855 Rifled muskets. 52nd Tennessee Infantry [plus segments of the 51st Tennessee], armed with shotguns and the 51st men, armed with Hall’s .52 caliber rifled muskets. 2,236 men estimated 1,000 Rifles, 400 shotguns, and 700-800 smoothbore muskets and UNKNOWN’s. Jackson’s Brigade 2nd Texas Infantry, evidence to smoothbore muskets [more research forthcoming] 17th Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 18th Alabama, photo evidence to cap and ball conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and Mississippi Rifles. 19th Alabama, photo evidence to Mississippi Rifles and conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 2,127 men, unknown number of Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, maybe 200 to 300 and 1,500 smoothbore muskets. The 17th Alabama is an UNKNOWN. 3rd Corp Major General William J. Hardee Hindman’s Brigade 2nd Arkansas Infantry, initially issued smoothbores and Flintlock Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber. Issued new Enfield Rifles in November of 1861. 3rd Confederate Infantry, [18th Arkansas Infantry], armed with Enfield Rifles. 6th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 7th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 2,290 men, all armed with Rifles, Hall’s and Enfields, but the Hall’s “flint and steel muskets put the men at a great disadvantage.” Cleburne’s Brigade 2nd Tennessee Provisional Bate’s, mixed civilian rifles and flintlocks initially. 6th Mississippi Infantry, two flank companies Enfield Rifled muskets, and the rest “mixed” 15th Arkansas Infantry, poor arms, but picked up new Enfield Rifles from Peabody’s camps. 23rd Tennessee Infantry, Flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 24th Tennessee Infantry, some 1841 Model Mississippi Rifles and the balance flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,537 men, maybe 500 rifles, and approximately 1,258 smoothbore muskets. Wood’s Brigade 3rd Mississippi Infantry Battalion, UNKNOWN 8th Arkansas Infantry, Conflicting evidence, one source says Enfield Rifles and the original ordnance records show 24,000 Flintlock cartridges issued post Shiloh, April-May, 1862. 9th Arkansas Infantry Battalion, Model 1819 Hall’s Rifled muskets and a mix of civilian guns. 16th Alabama Infantry, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 27th Tennessee Infantry, issued new Enfield Rifles in December of 1861. 44th Tennessee Infantry, UNKNOWN 55th Tennessee Infantry, only two Companies armed with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 1,996 men, 3rd Mississippi Battalion and 44th Tennessee UNKNOWN- 490 rifles known and 580 smoothbores. Reserve Corp Brigadier General John C. Breckenridge Trabue’s Brigade 3rd Kentucky Infantry, evidence to mix cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 4th Alabama Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles and smoothbores 5th Kentucky Infantry, “Ragamuffins’ armed with long-rifles [civilian].” 6th Kentucky Infantry, went into the Battle armed with smoothbores, traded them for Enfield Rifles on the 6th. 31st Alabama Infantry, evidence to part Enfield Rifles and smoothbore muskets. Crew’s Infantry Battalion, “poorly armed.” 2,678 men. Second Brigade Brig. Gen. JOHN S. BOWEN (wounded) Col. JOHN D. MARTIN 9th Arkansas, mix of Hall’s Rifles, cap and ball .69 caliber muskets and civilian rifles and shotguns. Col. Isaac L. Dunlop 10th Arkansas, Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock Rifles .52 caliber Col. Thomas H. Merrick 2d Confederate Infantry [25th Mississippi Infantry], UNKNOWN Col. John d. Martin Maj. Thomas H. Mangum 1st Missouri Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles Third Brigade Col. WINFIELD S. STATHAM, 15th Mississippi 15th Mississippi Infantry, Co. G Maynard Rifles and Mississippi Rifles, the rest flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 22d Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Enfield Rifles. 19th Tennessee Infantry, initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, days before Shiloh, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and 97 Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber. Col. David H. Cummings 20th Tennessee Infantry, initially with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, in March of 1862, all new Enfield Rifles and accoutrements. Col. Joel A. Battle (captured) 28th Tennessee Infantry, “615 flintlock smoothbore muskets for 915 men October of 1861.” Possibility of Enfield Rifles for the balance. 45th Tennessee, Mix of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some Enfield Rifles and Mississippi Rifles. Notes on Firearms used by the different Confederate Regiments and Brigades at the Battle of Shiloh April 6-7th 1862. Note* The results posted here is a work in progress to be updated when new research is found. The results are not final. This is a simple compilation of what has been discovered. The footnotes are not included here, but will be part of a final paper or report to be given to the Shiloh NPS. For the record, sources used were RG 109 Regimental Papers NA., The Wyckoff analysis done by the Shiloh NPS on firearms, Frederick Todd’s book on American Military Equipage, Official Records of the Civil War, and several other State and written sources from Civil War Study Groups, letters, papers, photographic evidence of original Confederate soldiers posing with their issued firearms, Regimental Histories, Confederate Veteran Magazine and memoirs. 1st Corp Major General Leonidas Polk Clark’s Division Russell’s Brigade 11th Louisiana- evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 12th Tennessee-evidence to the use of cap and ball and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 13th Tennessee-evidence to the use of flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, “we had old flintlocks, muzzle loaders with buck and ball.” 22nd Tennessee- initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores, early British smoothbores .70 caliber—possible issue of Enfield Rifles, before or picked up during the Battle. Total—for the Brigade 2,650 smoothbores and a possible 800 with Enfield Rifles—research continues. Stewart’s Brigade 13th Arkansas- evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 4th Tennessee-evidence to use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and an assortment of “old guns.” 5th Tennessee [35th Tennessee]-evidence to the use of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores, some Companies with civilian Rifles, Mississippi Rifles or 1855 Rifles, research continues- 33rd Tennessee- initially “shotguns, civilian hunting rifles”-issued flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores prior to Battle. Total—for the Brigade 1,706 smoothbores, maybe 100 rifles, research continues. Cheatham’s Division Johnson’s Brigade Blythe’s Infantry Mississippi, 7 Hall’s Rifles returned after the Battle— Co A. Sharp’s Rifles, Co B. shotguns, Co I. Civilian Rifles .32 caliber, and he rest old flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets. 2nd Tennessee Infantry, J. Knox Walker—UNKNOWN 15TH Tennessee Infantry, initially 744 men with flintlocks .69 caliber—mixed flintlock and cap and ball .69 caliber muskets during the Battle of Shiloh. 154th Tennessee Senior Infantry, Co. L armed with Maynard Rifles, the rest unknown. 2, 052 men in the Brigade—we know of 500 with smoothbores and 50-100 with Maynard Rifles .32 or .50 caliber. Stephen’s Brigade 7th Kentucky Infantry, evidence to being armed with new Enfield Rifles prior to Battle. 1st Tennessee Infantry Battalion, some Companies with 1855 rifles, and the rest .69 caliber smoothbores 6th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores and some cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 9th Tennessee Infantry, flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores 1,620 men in the Brigade, estimated 600 with rifles, Enfield’s and Maynard’s, the rest 1020 with smoothbore muskets. 2nd Corp Major General Braxton Bragg Ruggle’s Division Gibson’s Brigade 1st Arkansas Infantry, Fagan’s, Co. B with smoothbores 4th Louisiana, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores 13th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to the issue of 700 muskets, smoothbores, type unknown. 19th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,560 men with most smoothbores. Anderson’s Brigade 1st Florida Infantry, “upon the Regimental formation…the Franklin Rifles received 1855 rifled muskets, [drilled initially with flintlock muskets], Confederate Government issued Model 1842 .69 caliber muskets, Pensacola Guards armed with a mixture of muskets.” 9th Texas Infantry, evidence to .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some with shotguns. 17th Louisiana Infantry, evidence to some carrying .54 rebored civilian rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 20th Louisiana Infantry, UNKNOWN Confederate Guards Response Battalion, 1,000 .58 caliber rounds issued- some had 1855 rifles, the rest UNKNOWN 1,633 men, 50-100 1855 rifled muskets, possible civilian rifles bored to .54 caliber, low numbers issued, estimated 426 with smoothbores, the rest UNKNOWN Pond’s Brigade 16th Louisiana Infantry, photo evidence some Companies with Mississippi Rifles, and .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 18th Louisiana Infantry, flank companies armed with rifles and the rest smoothbore muskets. 38th Tennessee Infantry, “I have armed Looney’s with Shotguns, Country Rifles, and old muskets [flintlocks?].” Crescent Infantry, “5 Companies with 1819 Hall’s rifles .52 caliber, 2 Companies with smoothbore muskets, and 1 with shotguns.” Orleans Guards Infantry Battalion, flank Companies with 1855 rifles and the rest Model 1842 .69 caliber cap and ball muskets. 2,644 men, 150-250 with Mississippi rifles, [250 with Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber], 100 with shotguns, and the rest approximately 2,044 with smoothbores. Wither’s Division Gladden’s Brigade 1st Louisiana Regulars, flank Companies .58 caliber 1855 rifled muskets, the balance .69 caliber smoothbore muskets 21st Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 22nd Alabama Infantry, armed with private purchase Enfield two band rifles and sword bayonets. 25th Alabama Infantry, issues of caps 2,000 and photo evidence to cap and ball .69 caliber muskets, and some shotguns. 26th Alabama Infantry, photo evidence to some Companies, flank, Mississippi Rifles and the balance .69 caliber cap and ball muskets smoothbores. 2,156 men, maybe 500-600 with rifles, and the rest approximately 1600 with .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. Chalmer’s Brigade 5th Mississippi, issue evidence, 9,000 musket ball cartridges and 1,000 musket caps, and photo evidence smoothbore musket—Armed with .69 caliber cap and ball smoothbore muskets. 7th Mississippi Infantry, Co. F armed with Hall’s Rifles .52 calibler. 9th Mississippi Infantry, Co. D armed with Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, other sources list Enfield Rifles issued prior to Shiloh. 10th Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Rifles, Mississippi’s and 1855 Rifled muskets. 52nd Tennessee Infantry [plus segments of the 51st Tennessee], armed with shotguns and the 51st men, armed with Hall’s .52 caliber rifled muskets. 2,236 men estimated 1,000 Rifles, 400 shotguns, and 700-800 smoothbore muskets and UNKNOWN’s. Jackson’s Brigade 2nd Texas Infantry, evidence to smoothbore muskets [more research forthcoming] 17th Alabama Infantry, UNKNOWN 18th Alabama, photo evidence to cap and ball conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and Mississippi Rifles. 19th Alabama, photo evidence to Mississippi Rifles and conversion .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 2,127 men, unknown number of Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber, maybe 200 to 300 and 1,500 smoothbore muskets. The 17th Alabama is an UNKNOWN. 3rd Corp Major General William J. Hardee Hindman’s Brigade 2nd Arkansas Infantry, initially issued smoothbores and Flintlock Hall’s Rifles .52 caliber. Issued new Enfield Rifles in November of 1861. 3rd Confederate Infantry, [18th Arkansas Infantry], armed with Enfield Rifles. 6th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 7th Arkansas Infantry, went into Battle with Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock rifled muskets, .52 caliber. 2,290 men, all armed with Rifles, Hall’s and Enfields, but the Hall’s “flint and steel muskets put the men at a great disadvantage.” Cleburne’s Brigade 2nd Tennessee Provisional Bate’s, mixed civilian rifles and flintlocks initially. 6th Mississippi Infantry, two flank companies Enfield Rifled muskets, and the rest “mixed” 15th Arkansas Infantry, poor arms, but picked up new Enfield Rifles from Peabody’s camps. 23rd Tennessee Infantry, Flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 24th Tennessee Infantry, some 1841 Model Mississippi Rifles and the balance flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 2,537 men, maybe 500 rifles, and approximately 1,258 smoothbore muskets. Wood’s Brigade 3rd Mississippi Infantry Battalion, UNKNOWN 8th Arkansas Infantry, Conflicting evidence, one source says Enfield Rifles and the original ordnance records show 24,000 Flintlock cartridges issued post Shiloh, April-May, 1862. 9th Arkansas Infantry Battalion, Model 1819 Hall’s Rifled muskets and a mix of civilian guns. 16th Alabama Infantry, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 27th Tennessee Infantry, issued new Enfield Rifles in December of 1861. 44th Tennessee Infantry, UNKNOWN 55th Tennessee Infantry, only two Companies armed with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets. 1,996 men, 3rd Mississippi Battalion and 44th Tennessee UNKNOWN- 490 rifles known and 580 smoothbores. Reserve Corp Brigadier General John C. Breckenridge Trabue’s Brigade 3rd Kentucky Infantry, evidence to mix cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbores and flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 4th Alabama Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles and smoothbores 5th Kentucky Infantry, “Ragamuffins’ armed with long-rifles [civilian].” 6th Kentucky Infantry, went into the Battle armed with smoothbores, traded them for Enfield Rifles on the 6th. 31st Alabama Infantry, evidence to part Enfield Rifles and smoothbore muskets. Crew’s Infantry Battalion, “poorly armed.” 2,678 men. Second Brigade Brig. Gen. JOHN S. BOWEN (wounded) Col. JOHN D. MARTIN 9th Arkansas, mix of Hall’s Rifles, cap and ball .69 caliber muskets and civilian rifles and shotguns. Col. Isaac L. Dunlop 10th Arkansas, Model 1819 Hall’s flintlock Rifles .52 caliber Col. Thomas H. Merrick 2d Confederate Infantry [25th Mississippi Infantry], UNKNOWN Col. John d. Martin Maj. Thomas H. Mangum 1st Missouri Infantry, evidence to Enfield Rifles Third Brigade Col. WINFIELD S. STATHAM, 15th Mississippi 15th Mississippi Infantry, Co. G Maynard Rifles and Mississippi Rifles, the rest flintlock .69 caliber smoothbores. 22d Mississippi Infantry, evidence to all Enfield Rifles. 19th Tennessee Infantry, initially flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, days before Shiloh, cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets and 97 Mississippi Rifles .54 caliber. Col. David H. Cummings 20th Tennessee Infantry, initially with flintlock .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, in March of 1862, all new Enfield Rifles and accoutrements. Col. Joel A. Battle (captured) 28th Tennessee Infantry, “615 flintlock smoothbore muskets for 915 men October of 1861.” Possibility of Enfield Rifles for the balance. 45th Tennessee, Mix of cap and ball .69 caliber smoothbore muskets, some Enfield Rifles and Mississippi Rifles.
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