Jump to content
Shiloh Discussion Group
Sign in to follow this  
Ozzy

First Army of the Ohio brigade to join Grant

Recommended Posts

We all know about Jacob Ammen's impressive effort, wading his men across a flood-affected Duck Creek to march them to Savannah, where the unit arrived on April 5th: the first Brigade from the Army of the Ohio to join Grant... right?

 

No. There was another brigade from Buell's Army that joined Grant, prior to Ammen; and it fought during the Battle of Shiloh, too.

 

Whose brigade was it?

 

 

Ozzy

 

 

Hint: Yes, this is a trick question.   :)

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Paul

 

In Colonel William Gibson's report of April 10, 1862, he indicates that the Sixth Brigade was part of McCook's Second Division, and arrived in vicinity of Savannah at 10pm on April 6th; and being at the rear of McCook's Division, did not get transport for the crossing to Pittsburg until 9am on Monday [OR 10, page 315.]

 

Thanks for taking a stab; but 'Gibson's Brigade' is an incorrect answer.

 

 

Ozzy

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

A Hint...

 

Over one hundred Federal infantry regiments were involved, in one way or another, at the Battle of Shiloh; one of these regiments was described by The Philadelphia Press as THE Regiment at the battle [providing such useful service that it may have tilted the outcome in the Union's favor.] This regiment belonged to the Brigade-in-question...

 

Cheers

 

Ozzy

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

            Considering what happened last time I ventured to answer one of Ozzy’s quiz questions I hesitated to do so now but I really cannot see how anyone can insult Benjamin Prentiss in regards to the question of which brigade from Buell’s Army of the Ohio joined Grant’s army prior to the arrival of Jacob Ammen’s brigade the evening of April 6, 1862. Of interest is the fact that Ulysses Grant and Jacob Ammen were boyhood friends in Ohio.

            Prior to defending the Sunken Road along Duncan Field at Shiloh the 58th Illinois, of who my great-great-grandfather was a private, had participated in the battle of Fort Donelson in the brigade under the command of Colonel John M. Thayer of Lew Wallace’s division. The 58th Illinois was one of the three regiments that Wallace and Thayer placed at right angles to the Wynn’s Ferry Road to block the Rebels advance after they drove McClernand’s division back to the Indian Creek valley.

            On the cold night of February 13, 1862 below Fort Donelson transports unloaded regiments that would form Lew Wallace’s division. Included with the 58th Illinois unloading that night was the 13th brigade from the Army of the Ohio.

            The brigade consisted of the 31st Indiana, 44th Indiana, 17th Kentucky and 25th Kentucky. The brigade was commanded by Colonel Charles Cruft of the 31st Indiana. Wallace ordered Cruft to respond to McClernand’s first calls for aid and Cruft’s brigade took a beating but played a role in blunting the Rebel attack.

            Jacob Lauman started the war as the Colonel of the 7th Iowa and was wounded at the battle of Belmont. At Fort Donelson Lauman commanded the 4th brigade of C.F. Smith’s division. The brigade consisted of the 2nd, 7th, 14th Iowa regiments and the 25th Indiana and the 14th Missouri. Colonel James Tuttle commanded the 2nd Iowa and it was Tuttle who led the 2nd Iowa up and over the fortifications of Fort Donelson after Grant finally decided he would take part in the fight in the afternoon.

            But promotions were in order for Colonels who had commanded brigades at Fort Donelson and Lauman received a promotion to brigadier general on March 21, 1862.

            As Grant’s army moved to Savannah and Pittsburg Landing it turned out that Jacob Lauman was given command of Cruft’s brigade and Cruft returned to command of the 31st Indiana.

            It was Lauman’s brigade that was from Buell’s army but Lauman wasn’t.

            Lauman’s brigade had an interesting day at Shiloh with the 31st and 44th Indiana regiments holding the left flank of the Hornets’ Nest, the 17th and 25th Kentucky regiments (both undersized totaling around 500 men between them) fighting somewhere in the Peach Orchard and then the whole brigade moving over to the Union left flank around 2 PM to try to stem the Rebel advance east of the Savannah-Hamburg road.

            I believe Colonel Cruft was wounded and I would surmise that it was the 31st Indiana that the Philadelphia Press identified as THE regiment.

 

Hank

 

  • Like 2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Well done, Hank!

The answer is indeed the '13th Brigade,' which was assigned to Grant's Army at Fort Donelson (under command of Colonel Cruft); the brigade operated with the same mix of regiments at Shiloh (but Cruft was replaced by Lauman.) The 44th Indiana is the regiment that gained highest praise from the Philadelphia Press, for performance with Hurlbut's Division on Sunday. [Hugh Reed, colonel of the 44th Indiana, had been placed under arrest by Grant in the days leading up to April 6th, for attempting to send a sick man north to Hospital; Reed was released from confinement Sunday morning.] 

 

After Shiloh, Lauman's Brigade was broken up, and the pieces returned to the Army of the Ohio (44th Indiana went to Vancleve's Brigade; 17th Kentucky joined Ammen.)

 

Cheers

Ozzy

 

References:  http://archive.org/stream/fortyfourthindia00reri#page/n131/mode/2up     (History of the 44th Indiana, found at archive.org  page 62)

http://archive.org/stream/battleofshilohor00unit#page/54/mode/2up     (D.W. Reed's Battle of Shiloh (1909 ed.), found on archive.org page 55)

 

 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

Sign in to follow this  

×
×
  • Create New...