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Ozzy

First Capital to fall

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Nashville takes credit as being "the first capital of a Confederate state to return to Union control."  However, what if the question is rephrased as, "Which Confederate-recognized state capital was first to return to Union control?"

Name both contenders (which pre-date the Federal Occupation of Nashville on February 23rd 1862.)

Ozzy

 

Bonus:  IRT the above question, name the two Confederate-recognized Governors, one of whom has a Shiloh connection.

 

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The only thing I can think of, which might be incorrect, is Jackson MS.

Only because of Brig. General Charles Clark (Clark's Division of Polk's Corps at Shiloh, later A.P Stewart's) was sworn in as Governor in late 1863, preceded by John J. Pettus. 

-Paul 

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Paul

An interesting selection, as Jackson was on the short list of targets assigned to General Benjamin Butler, who in company with Flag-Officer David Farragut was tasked with overpowering the Lower Mississippi River forts and taking possession of New Orleans. From New Orleans, it appears that what Eastern Leaders desired was conquest of not-yet-powerful Vicksburg, followed by a move by Butler's 15000 men (Army of the Gulf) on Jackson, Mississippi... and from there effect a join with Halleck's Army. Unfortunately, George McClellan was removed as Federal Army Commander-in-Chief before he could clarify his goals to Butler: hence Butler remained in Louisiana; and Farragut interpreted his orders as "passing Vicksburg and effecting a join with Foote's Western Gunboats." And the War in the West may have lasted a whole year longer than it should have.

So although your choice of Jackson is incorrect, it is probably the most logical selection.

Regards

Ozzy

 

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Transylvania

You're on the right track, because it was the Russelville Convention of October/November 1861 that approved selection of the alternative Governor, and designated a location (other than Russelville) to be the Confederate State Capital of Kentucky.

Cheers

Ozzy

 

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The Confederate recognized capital of Kentucky was Bowling Green. The Confederates left Bowling Green after the fall of FortHenry on February 6, 1862 and prior to the fall of Nashville so it was the first Confederate recognized capital to go under Union control.

In Missouri the contender would be Neosho. The South recognized Missouri as a Southern state but that was later in 1861 and the Union had already occupied Jefferson City in June 1861. Then the secessionist Jackson government set up in Neosho on October 21, 1861. But ten days later the government moved to Cassville. This southwestern part of Missouri was in turmoil until the battle of Pea Ridge on March 7-8, 1862 so it is hard to tell which side was occupying which town at which time. Perhaps the Union could claim control of Neosho before Nashville fell.

 

            Claiborne Fox Jackson was the secessionist Rebel governor of Missouri who was driven into exile and tried to take Missouri into the Confederacy and failed. Jackson died on December 6, 1862.

George Johnson was the Rebel governor of Kentucky with the Shiloh connection. The connection being he was killed there fighting on foot in the private ranks of the Orphan Brigade from Kentucky on April 7, 1862. On April 6 he was mounted but his horse was killed so he took an oath as a private and fought on April 7 in the ranks.

After the secessionist government of Missouri fled the state they set up in Arkansas but ended up in Marshall, Texas and that is where the Missouri Confederate government was at the end of the war.

Go Cubs!!!!!!

Hank

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Hank

Well done! All answers correct.

And thanks to Paul and Transylvania for their contributions (proving opportunity to reflect on the Jackson Mississippi possibility, and the Russellville Convention.) There were 13 stars on the final version of the Confederate Battle Flag: No.12 represented Missouri, and the center star represented Kentucky. Both States had "Shadow Governments" that were "admitted" into the Confederate States of America... shadow governments that operated on behalf of the Confederate Government at Richmond in recruiting soldiers for the war effort; resisting Federal occupation of those states; acquiring foodstuffs, horses, saltpeter and other necessities; and providing a tangible form of legitimacy for residents of those states who refused to accept Abraham Lincoln as "their" President.

The difficulty in determining when Neosho was Rebel controlled, or Union-held, is indicative of the overall problem encountered when attempting to unravel Missouri's Civil War history: courthouses were burned, records destroyed, some western counties depopulated... And as the war progressed, it devolved into something even more bitter and bloody, with guerillas on both sides acting atrociously: no uniforms, no morals, no quarter. It is a wonder that the conflict there was eventually able to be brought to an end... although diehards like Jesse James took their show on the road.

Ozzy

 

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image.png [Henry Burnett from Wikipedia.]

 

A big, burly man, Henry Burnett (had he participated in Battle of Shiloh) could have been the antithesis of Army of the Ohio officer, William “Bull” Nelson...

Born in Virginia in 1825, Henry moved with his family to Kentucky while young and was educated at Hopkinsville. Entering local politics in 1850, Henry Burnett parlayed his experience into a run for National politics, and was elected as Member of Congress, representing Kentucky's First District in 1854. During the next six years, Congressman Burnett developed a reputation as gifted speaker of biting oratory, able to shame into silence opponents. With the nation edging towards Disunion, Henry Burnett threw his support behind the Cotton States.

Returned to the U.S. House of Representatives following the Special Kentucky election of June 1861, Henry Burnett devoted his energy elsewhere: in response to Brigadier General Bull Nelson forming Union Camp of Instruction at Camp Dick Robinson, a rival training ground was named Camp Burnett. And Congressman Burnett organized a regiment of Kentucky troops to oppose Federal incursion into the State (and was elected Colonel of what became the 8th Kentucky Infantry, CSA.)

In November, Colonel Burnett chaired the Russellville Convention, which created a shadow government for Kentucky and elected George W. Johnson as Governor (and which resulted in Kentucky getting the 13th star on the Confederate flag.)

Sometime after the CSA Capital of Kentucky was established at Bowling Green, Henry Burnett took the field and joined the 8th Kentucky Volunteers. (And on December 3rd 1861 Mr. Burnett was expelled from the U.S. House of Representatives.)

Present at Fort Donelson, Henry Burnett took advantage of a steamer evacuating General Floyd and General Pillow and other important people, and made his escape before the surrender.

Henry Cornelius Burnett died in 1866.

 

References:

https://completely-kentucky.fandom.com/wiki/Henry_Cornelius_Burnett

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/8th_Kentucky_Infantry

http://sites.rootsweb.com/~orphanhm/campboone.htm  Camp Boone, Camp Burnett and the Orphan Brigade

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_United_States_Representatives_from_Kentucky  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Donelson_Confederate_order_of_battle  Colonel Burnett is not listed (but Generals Floyd and Pillow are...)

https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024443/1862-02-28/ed-1/seq-1/#date1=1862&index=10&rows=20&words=Floyd&searchType=basic&sequence=0&state=Tennessee&date2=1862&proxtext=Floyd&y=0&x=0&dateFilterType=yearRange&page=1  Athens Tennessee Post of 28 FEB 1862 page one has details IRT Battle of Fort Donelson (and mentions the steamer used by General Floyd, General Pillow and 800 others to evacuate was the Anderson.) Elsewhere, this steamer is named as the "General Anderson."

 

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