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lelliott19

Surgeon Samuel Everett - "E" Tree?

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Does anyone know if the tree marking the grave of Surgeon Samuel Everett is still there and, if so, has it been identified? Is the big "E" carved in it still visible?

Dr. Samuel Everett – enlisted April 29, 1861 as Surgeon 7th IL Infantry; honorable muster out July 29, 1861. Appointed Surgeon 10th IL Infantry July 31, 1861; Brigade Surgeon of USV, Sept. 14, 1861. Killed at Shiloh on April 6, 1862, he was, allegedly, the first Union Medical Officer killed in battle.

In March 1862, Dr. Everett left St. Louis and reported for duty at Pittsburg Landing. During the Battle of Shiloh, he served as Chief Surgeon for Gen. Prentiss. A May 3, 1862 article in the Quincy [IL] Whig Republican newspaper states: "Dr. Samuel W. Everett ... was killed early in the action of Sunday morning, April 6, while gallantly cheering on and encouraging the men to stand their ground, and renew their exertions to repulse the over-whelming attack of the rebels on their division." 

Dr. Everett’s brother, Edward Everett, traveled to Pittsburg Landing to retrieve his brother's body, intending to return it for burial in Quincy. He was unable to obtain a satisfactory metal casket, and left Dr. Everett where he was buried. Edward kept a journal of his trip to Shiloh writing:

Quote

...found the grave and was shown the spot where he fell. I then had the mound smoothed up, and proceeded to carve the name on a tree close to it, with a chisel I had borrowed. After taking the bearings and distances and doing all that could be done under the circumstances, I left the place with a sorrowful heart. http://www.whig.com/story/25769233/death-of-dr-samuel-w-everett-at-shiloh 

On another page of the diary, Edward wrote: “Grave near an oak tree: A large E cut out with an axe; Name carved above; Head SW from letter H -- 9 ft.; Foot W from letter F--4 ft.; About 3 miles from upper landing SW from it clearing 100 yards S; A firm board at head with: Dr. Everett, Brigadier Surgeon of Gen’l. Prentiss Staff, Died April 6, 1862.” (Image of diary page below - courtesy of Historical Society of Quincy and Adams County)

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Just wondering if the tree is extant and identifiable? And if any of the writing is still visible? Thanks!

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Laura

Just a few bits uncovered while researching Samuel William Everett (1820 - 1862)... he joined the 10th Illinois Infantry (under command of Colonel Benjamin Prentiss) in April 1861. Upon expiration of 3-month term of service, Surgeon Everett appears to have joined the Staff of Brigadier General Prentiss (along with Daniel Stahl) and served with Prentiss in Missouri. The 3-year 10th Illinois went on to serve at Island No.10 while Stahl and Dr. Everett accompanied General Prentiss to Pittsburg Landing, arriving there end of March or April 1st. As Commander of Sixth Division, Benjamin Prentiss received Lieutenant Edwin Moore from the 21st Missouri, and made use of that man as a courier during Day One, Battle of Shiloh (Moore had just delivered a message from Prentiss to General Grant in late afternoon of April 6th, which is why Lieutenant Moore avoided capture. He was available to answer questions of Edward Everett, Samuel's brother, during that man's search of the battlefield April 1862.)

See references below for links you may find of interest.

Cheers

Ozzy

 

References:  http://www.whig.com/story/25769233/death-of-dr-samuel-w-everett-at-shiloh  Search for grave of Surgeon Everett

http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/fs/010-3fs.html  Roster of 10th Illinois Infantry (3-month's service)

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=eve&GSiman=1&GScid=108928&GRid=156654553&  Surgeon Everett at find-a-grave

 

 

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I have an account saying that in the weeks following the battle numerous civilians could be seen on the battlefield searching for the graves of their loved ones in an attempt at recovering their bodies to take home for a proper burial. Not to be too graphic but it was noted how gruesome it was for family members to exhume a body that had been buried for a couple of weeks, wrap it up, and take it home. There must have been an embalmer somewhere at Pittsburgh Landing or Savanah. 

     In the 77th Ohio, Mr. Porterfield from Marietta, Ohio, traveled out to the Fallen Timbers battlefield and retrieved the body of his son William whose grave had been carefully marked by his comrades and took him home. 

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I have been interested in Dr. Samuel W. Everett from Quincy because of his connection with General Prentiss, his Quincy townsman, and thus with Dr. Patrick Gregg, Prentiss' fellow POW.

Dr. Everett was educated as a youth in England and France. He served as an amateur physician in the Mexican War with his brother, Major Edward Everett. He had been the apprentice of Dr. Adams Nichols in Quincy since 1846, but had not received his M.D. before going to Mexico. On his return, he  attended Dr. Pope's Medical College in St. Louis for one lecture series. He then went to New York where he studied under the celebrated surgeon Dr. Valentine Mott at NYU. Mott, in turn, had studied with Sir Astley Cooper in London and also spent a time in Edinburgh, generally regarded at the time as medicine's Mecca. So Dr. Everett's medical pedigree is above reproach, including his exposure to the urbane Dr. Charles Alexander Pope. Everett's surviving son Henry was a noted ophthalmologist in Philadelphia.

Dr. Everett was shot in the forehead and abdomen at about 8 am on April 6th while tending to a wounded soldier.

Some of you may have heard of his first cousin, Edward Everett , who entered Harvard at 13 and became it's President at 45. Cousin Edward had been a minister before he entered politics. Edward gave a 2 hour speech at Gettysburg just prior to when Dr. Samuel Everett's fellow Illinoisan made some brief remarks.

Transactions of the American Medical Association, Vol. IV, 1864. p 213-5.

Here is the prize:

https://www.masshist.org/blog/1240

Enjoy!

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