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Ozzy

Whitelaw Reid

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Here are a series of questions, posed as statements -- either True or False -- regarding the career of Cincinnati Gazette reporter Whitelaw Reid and his 19,000-word, un-edited version of "The Great Battle of Pittsburg Landing" [link to article below]:

  1.  "The Great Battle of Pittsburg Landing" was the first and only report written by Reid in vicinity of Savannah/Pittsburg Landing: [T or F].
  2.  Whitelaw Reid claims in the above article that he awoke on the morning of April 6th 1862 in Lew Wallace's camp at Crump's Landing: [T or F].
  3.  It is Reid's claim that W.T. Sherman's Division received the first assault of the Rebel army on the morning of April 6th: [T or F].
  4.  According to Whitelaw Reid's article, General Grant arrived at Pittsburg Landing, Day One, before 8am: [T or F].
  5.  From the above article, it is clear that Reid's "Hero of Shiloh" was not Sherman, Prentiss or Wallace: it was the man who "invested the golden minutes that counted," Colonel Joseph Webster [True or False].

      Bonus:  After filing his report and spending a week in Cincinnati, Whitelaw Reid returned to Pittsburg Landing and {along with thirty other reporters and sketch artists) covered General Halleck's operation against Corinth. On completion of this duty, Reid was awarded with assignment as the Cincinnati Gazette's Correspondent for Washington, D.C.  But in Autumn 1862 Reid returned to the field to cover General Buell's Kentucky Campaign; and he returned to the field, again, in 1863 to cover Gettysburg [True or False].

Not as easy as it looks...

Ozzy

 

Reference:     http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SDU18620521&e=-------en--20--1--txt-txIN--------1  "The Great Battle of Pittsburg Landing" by Agate [Whitelaw Reid] found in Sacramento Daily Union of May 21st 1862 pages 2 and 3.  [Thanks to Hank for finding this uncut version of Whitelaw Reid's Shiloh account.]

 

 

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i'll take a chance..was hard to read --no blame but on me i cant figure how to get the green color off--but 2-false he was at crump's 1-false -because he returns with others about a week later 3-true along with prentiss  4-false he writes it was after 10am 5-true..he galantly describes websters actions on the 6th  6-i have no idea  couldnt read that part

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Mona

I believe you deserve the honours of Winner of the Quiz... having overcome the "green background" and the faded print. Whitelaw Reid's impressive effort was sent by steamer to San Francisco (Pony Express no longer in operation) and was printed in its entirety; while "back East," many newspapers published a condensed version of the same article that bore little resemblance to the original. [By eliminating whole passages, those lines that remained gained undue emphasis:  "the failure of the 12th Iowa, 14th Iowa and 23rd Missouri" ...the slumbering Federal soldiers "bayoneted in bed" ...even Agate's claim that "he awoke on Sunday morning, April 6th at Crump's Landing" is missing from the condensed versions (helping give ammunition to the belief "he was never there, at Battle of Shiloh").

Again, Well Done for correctly solving this latest puzzle

Ozzy

 

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A bit more information IRT the famous Civil War reporter for the Cincinnati Gazette:

It is said that Whitelaw Reid became disenchanted with the Union "generalship" on display back East; and he was immediately taken with the the promise of U.S. Grant (upon learning of the taking of Fort Henry). And Victory at Fort Donelson sealed the deal: Reid left his Cincinnati office (where he was editorial writer for the Gazette) and took the first steamer to Cairo. With passes (issued by Brigadier General Paine) hard to come by, Whitelaw Reid was temporarily delayed... but finally wrangled himself aboard a steamer bound for the Cumberland River.

Upon arrival at Fort Donelson, the reporter discovered he'd just missed General Grant: that officer had departed aboard towboat WHB, bound for Clarksville where an inspection of C.F. Smith's Division was slated to take place. So, Reid got aboard the next packet steamer bound for Clarksville... and upon arrival, learned -- once again -- that he'd just missed General Grant (the General had cancelled the inspection and departed; and about the same time, seven steamers carrying Bull Nelson's troops, escorted by Navy ironclads Carondelet and Cairo, had passed upriver... and the rumor claimed that all were bound for Nashville.

So, the reporter contented himself with affairs at Clarksville... but only for a couple of days. Soon, word came from Buell at Nashville, requesting General Smith's troops "assist with the occupation and defence" of the former (and soon to be again) Capital of Tennessee. Reid leaves no record, but he most likely accompanied General Smith to Nashville; and after a stay of only a day or two, joined Smith for the return to Clarksville. (During Whitelaw Reid's stay at Clarksville, he wrote two articles for his newspaper, dated FEB 27th and March 5th.)

It is said that Grant's Assistant Adjutant General, John Rawlins, arranged for Whitelaw Reid to join the expedition up the Tennessee River. A report was filed to the Cincinnati Gazette from Sherman's floating HQ, the steamer Continental (dated 15 March 1862 -- Tyler's Landing) and Reid is known to have shared a tent with LtCol Barton Kyle of the 71st Ohio (of Stuart's Brigade, Sherman's Division) once the troops put ashore at Pittsburg Landing.

References:  The Life of Whitelaw Reid by Royal Cortissoz (1921) pages 78 - 81; and 84.

https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015672/1862-03-01/ed-1/seq-3/  Evansville Daily Journal for 1 MAR 1862 page 3 (Clarksville via Cairo 27 FEB)

https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015672/1862-03-05/ed-1/seq-3/  Evansville Daily Journal for 5 MAR 1862 page 3 ("From Clarksville" col. 5).

 

 

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in searching the mar 1 1862 page for whitelaws report i ran accross the cincinnati market report and found that all grains were "dull" no change but whiskeyt was in great demand..also coffee was moving well .

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Every Whitelaw Reid article during period FEB - APR 1862

Below is a list of articles written by "Agate, Special Correspondent Cincinnati Gazette" and sent to the Cincinnati Gazette for publication. Due to contract agreements, these articles also appeared in other newspapers with connections to the Gazette, such as Cleveland Morning Leader; Gallipolis Journal; Evansville Daily Journal. It is apparent that Whitelaw Reid joined Brigadier General C. F. Smith at Clarksville in February 1862; rode in company with him aboard a steamer up the Tennessee River to Savannah in March; and accompanied Brigadier General W. T. Sherman on at least one attempt to break the M & C Railroad. 

27 FEB [“Clarksville” via Cairo] pub. Evansville Daily Journal 1 MAR pg.3 col.4. “Several of our divisions are in Nashville (Reid seems to have received info from US Grant or someone in company with General Grant, returning to Clarksville from Nashville...)”

5 MAR [ Clarksville ] pub. in Evansville Daily Journal 5 MAR pg.3 col.5 “Agate reports: Citizens at Clarksville gave Floyd and Pillow a good reception as they headed for Fort Donelson; not so impressed with their untimely departure back to Nashville...” [Agate would have been with BGen Smith at Clarksville; and likely accompanied him up river to Savannah Tennessee.] https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn82015672/issues/1862/

6 MAR [Clarksville ] (likely Agate) pub. In Evansville Daily Journal 6 MAR pg.2 col.2 “Captain Wm. McMichael, late of Halleck's staff, has arrived here for duty on BGen Smith's staff. He is the son of Morton McMichael, newspaper publisher of Philadelphia."

15 MAR [Tyler's Landing, Tishomingo Co., Mississippi] pub. Gallipolis Journal 27 MAR 62. Article relates Whitelaw Reid's experience with W T Sherman up the Tennessee in attempt to break the M & C R.R. Via fleet of transports in heavy rain (failed.)

16 MAR [Pittsburg Tennessee] pub. Gallipolis Journal 27 MAR pg.3 col.1. “Arrived here overnight 15/ 16 March after failed attempt against M & C R.R. Met officers of 71st OVI during the operation. 'We united here with Hurlbut's Division.' [Note: US Grant does not arrive until 17 MAR.]

27 MAR [Savannah ] pub. Gallipolis Journal 3 APR pg.2 col.5 - 6 “A grand battle is pending...” https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85038121/issues/1862/

 

30 MAR [Savannah] pub Evansville Daily Journal 7 APR pg.3 col.5 Agate provides a paragraph of ongoing naval operations and estimates number of rebels in vicinity

 

30 MAR [Savannah] pub Evansville Daily Journal 7 APR pg.2 col.2 Agate provides bad press IRT Surgeon Hewitt: “ Grant's medical director, and the most unfit man for the role one can imagine.”

1 APR [Savannah Tennessee] pub. Cleveland Morning Leader 4 APR pg.2 col.3. “The Rebels are only five miles west of our force at Crump's and six miles south of our camps at Pittsburg. Accurate details of enemy to south at Corinth; and Buell approaching from Nashville; and Halleck to arrive soon as Island No. 10 “agony” is over and turn Grant's Army into 4 or 5 Army Corps and march on Corinth...”

9 APR [Pittsburg Landing via Cairo ] pub. Sacramento Daily Union 21 May 1862 pages 2 - 3. Agates 22000 words describing the Battle of Shiloh, or Pittsburg Landing: http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=SDU18620521&e=-------en--20--1--txt-txIN--------1  "The Great Battle of Pittsburg Landing" by Agate.

 

Note:  There were no articles published by Agate from 6 - 15 March because he had no way of getting his reports north from Savannah Tennessee for about a week. Whitelaw Reid spent substantial time at Savannah, Pittsburg Landing and Crump's Landing in the weeks prior to 6 APR 1862 and departed evening of April 7th on a northbound steamer (and after publishing his report on the Battle of Shiloh, he returned to Pittsburg Landing and joined thirty newspaper reporters for the Crawl to Corinth.)

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