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Ozzy

11th Iowa at Shiloh

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Isaac Newton Carr was a 25-year-old residing to the northwest of Des Moines when he signed on to the 11th Iowa Volunteer Infantry in September 1861, and was mustered into service as Fifth Sergeant of Company F on 19 October at Davenport by Captain Alexander Chambers. And beginning November 1861, Sergeant Carr commenced "his journal" which he added to almost daily until the 1920s. Written as combination of diary and "general reflections," the experience of the 11th Iowa at Pittsburg Landing begins with arrival aboard steamer "West Moreland" on March 23rd. Carr describes camping on the bluff overlooking the landing, followed almost immediately by being marched two miles west to a new campground (assigned to Oglesby's First Brigade of McClernand's First Division.) The weather and health issues are discussed, as is departure of Oglesby on leave; and assignment of 11th Iowa's Colonel Abraham Hare as acting commander of the 1st Brigade. The forenoon battalion drill, followed by company drill in the afternoon is interrupted by "the emergency" of April 4th (when the First Brigade is called into line, and kept waiting until midnight, as a result of the Picket Skirmish in front of Sherman's Division.)

The entry for April 6th begins:  "About 7 a.m. heard firing in direction of Corinth but as it had been nothing uncommon to hear firing in camp, and thought it was only guards shooting loads out of their guns, we thought nothing of it..."

The journal also mentions "hearing the firing on April 8th, we thought the Rebels had returned. We marched out towards the firing, but were halted. After about a half hour, we went back to camp and spent the remainder of the day burying the dead."

In addition to the diary entries, there are Carr's thoughts on the Aftermath of Shiloh:  "In spite of a stunning victory, Grant was initially villified for being taken by surprise, while Generals Buell and Sherman were hailed as saviors." And Isaac Carr gave a Speech (included in journal) on December 17th 1895, entitled "The Surprise at Shiloh." (He seems to have been incensed by an article General Grant published in Century Magazine, in which Grant claimed "there was no surprise.")

The Journal of Sergeant Carr is available at this link:  http://cmkinhuntercm.wordpress.com/category/1862/page/2/  by Carole Carr Magnuson

Specific diary entries can be found by clicking on the Year desired (at left) and scroll down in new window. Besides March and April 1862, there are interesting entries at June 15, 1862 and September 19, 1919 (when mention of the passing of First Lieutenant William Williamson is recorded.)

Cheers (Merry Christmas!)

Ozzy

 

Other referenceshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiloh_Union_order_of_battle  Shiloh Union Order of Battle

OR 10 pages 115 - 121 General McClernand's report, mentioning performance of Colonel Hare (wounded about 4:30 p.m.) and 11th Iowa Infantry.

OR 10 pages 123 - 4 Colonel Hare's report, not including 11th Iowa (because he was unaware McClernand had attached 11th Iowa to right of Marsh's 2nd Brigade, as reserve.)

http://iagenweb.org/civilwar/books/logan/mil403.htm  Guy Logan's History and roster of 11th Iowa Infantry

http://civilwarlandscapes.org/cwla/states/tn/sh/tm_time/day1/d1_1100.htm  Civil War Landscape's Map of Shiloh, Day 1 at 11 a.m.

http://www.findagrave.com/memorial/19175909/isaac-newton-carr   Sergeant Carr at find-a-grave.

 

 

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