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Available on the Internet since 2011, over 1000 pages of documents briefly describing over 700 Court Martial proceedings in Major General Henry Halleck's Department of the Missouri during 1861, 1862 and 1863 ...nearly one per day, beginning December 1861 and includes accused men (officers and enlisted) from 8th Illinois, 2nd Iowa, 35th Illinois, 18th Indiana, 23rd Indiana, 6th Iowa, 8th Missouri, 41st Illinois, 11th Indiana, 40th Illinois, 1st Nebraska, 17th Illinois, 77th OVI, 25th Missouri (and many other regiments ultimately connected with Army of the Tennessee.) The Military Court proceedings were conducted in St. Louis; in the field in Missouri; at Paducah; and elsewhere. Some of the names you may recognize (acting as President of the Court) include Colonel James Tuttle (2nd Iowa); Colonel Morgan Smith (8th Missouri); Brigadier General Ben Loan (replaced Benjamin Prentiss in District of Northern Missouri in March 1862); Colonel E. P. Wood (17th Illinois); and Colonel David Stuart (55th Illinois).

The offences charged are varied, and include: disobeying orders; assaulting an officer; falling asleep on guard duty; horse theft; theft of civilian property (often pigs and chickens, but sometimes more valuable items); absent-without-leave; desertion. Surprisingly, many civilians were caught up in the Military Justice System (members of unrecognized guerrilla bands; assisting the Rebel Cause, without belonging to a recognized Rebel fighting unit; Violating Oath of Allegiance). Punishment (for those found guilty) included forfeiture of pay and reduction in rank; dismissal from the service. If confinement was awarded, the sentence (from six months to "duration of the War") was served at Military Prison, Alton, Illinois.

It appears Courts Martial consisted of three or four members (officers, of equal or higher rank than the accused.) But, in a capital case, the minimum was five members.

The General Court Martial Orders from the HQ of Department of the Missouri, 1861 - 1863 is arranged chronologically; and there is no index (so it requires approximate knowledge of date of offense in order to find it in this resource.) The main case I was hoping to uncover -- details of the March/April 1862 Court Martial at Savannah Tennessee of Colonel David Moore, 21st Missouri -- I have yet to find. But if it is included, I will attach the page numbers in a later post.

A resource with a difference...

Ozzy

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/service/lawlib/law0001/2012/20120020399879A/20120020399879A.pdf  Record of Courts Martial, DEPT of MO, from Library of Congress

http://blogs.loc.gov/law/2012/11/civil-war-military-trials/  Civil War courts martial records from other Departments

 

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Jim

Just tested both links: working fine, when operated from Australia. (Perhaps you should consider taking a trip?)

The first link is a PDF file, and takes 90 seconds to fully load.

The second link (Civil War Military Trials) allows access to the records of six different military districts, including Halleck's Department of Missouri... and also takes 90 seconds to fully load each selected set of records.

To establish your own link, search for "civil war military trials by ruth levush" in google.

Let me know how you fare...

Ozzy

 

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Roger

The one 77th Ohio case I encountered is on pages 283 - 4 and concerns Second Lieutenant Robert Griggs, tried for offences committed in June 1862. President of the Court was Colonel David Stuart. Major General W. T. Sherman confirmed the finding of the Court.

Regards

Ozzy

 

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Other Court cases of potential interest:

  • Colonel Nelson Williams, 3rd Iowa (charges date to 1861) Court-Martial of 8 DEC 1861 -- pages 189 - 191.
  • Captain J. W. Powell, 2nd Illinois Light Artillery, (charges date 1861) Court-Martial of 10 DEC 1861 -- pages 274 - 5.
  • LtCol E.F.W. Ellis, 15th Illinois (charges dated 1 - 7 January 1862) Court-Martial of 31 DEC 1861 -- page 200.
  • Colonel M. K. Lawler, 18th Illinois (charges date to July 1861) Court-Martial of 11 DEC 1861 (Col. WHL Wallace, President) -- pages 99 - 103.

Ozzy

 

 

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