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Here are four questions to challenge your Shiloh/Civil War Knowledge:

  1. After Virginia, which State had the greatest number of Civil War military actions within its borders?
  2. Which Confederate officer wrote an after-action report for Fort Henry... and for Fort Donelson (present at both; captured at neither)? [Hint: he was wounded at Shiloh.]
  3. "Complete Victory" was claimed in General Beauregard's report of April 6th to Richmond, following on the First Day at Shiloh. But, in conjunction with "Manchester Bluff" and "Come Retribution," the phrase "Complete Victory" had another important usage within the Confederacy. What was that other usage?
  4. One of Ulysses S. Grant's little-recognized skills was his ability to identify talented men, and put them to work for him. Often, these "talented men" belonged to someone else at the time (for example, Surgeon John H. Brinton technically "belonged" to Major General John Fremont before joining General Grant's staff in September 1861; and James B. McPherson "belonged" to Major General Henry Halleck, before joining Grant's staff in February 1862.) The following officers: W. F. Brinck (acting Ordnance Officer at Shiloh); J. D. Webster (Grant's Chief of Staff); and Benjamin Grierson (conducted a cavalry raid for General Grant, as diversion during Vicksburg Campaign)... all worked for the same Brigadier General, before finding employment with U.S. Grant. Name that Brigadier General.

Good Hunting




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Well Done! All correct, even before the ink was dry...

1) Virginia (2000+ military events)... Tennessee (1460+ military events)... Missouri (1160+ military events.)

2) Nathan Bedford Forrest crossed the Cumberland River from Clarksville and reached vicinity of Fort Donelson on February 9th... and on the morning of February 12th, LtCol Forrest led a reconnaissance towards Fort Henry (with direction to "observe Grant's army, but do not bring on a general engagement") and encountered a Federal reconnaissance -- under Major Mudd, 2nd Illinois Cavalry, Co.A -- and a sharp skirmish ensued. http://shilohdiscussiongroup.com/topic/1834-ever-hear-of-major-mudd/?tab=comments#comment-12427

[The other answer acceptable: Major Jeremy Gilmer, Confederate Engineer. He was sent away by General Tilghman, just before the surrender of Fort Henry; and accompanied General Pillow from Fort Donelson, shortly before Buckner surrendered. Jeremy Gilmer was wounded Day Two at Shiloh.] (OR 7 pages 151 and 266)

3) Vigenere cipher: the wheels on the device were set for coding and decoding by applying the 15 letters of the phrase in use, one-at-a-time, in order, and repeat until message completed.

4) Brigadier General B. M. Prentiss, voted into his station by the men of his Brigade at Cairo Illinois on May 8th 1861, soon had Captain Brinck, Major Webster, and VADC Benjamin Grierson working for him at Cairo. Another noteworthy person who "worked" for Prentiss at Cairo: Mother Mary Bickerdyke. (Mother Bickerdyke was at Savannah Tennessee tending sick and wounded, before... during... and after Battle of Shiloh.)

Congratulations again Rbn3



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  • 6 months later...

Captain Henry Binmore

Binmore (2).jpg

It is said that a good leader surrounds himself with good people. And, as has been discussed, Benjamin Prentiss had a number of good people in his employ, following on his election as Brigadier General (by the troops he was to command), on May 8th 1861, in charge of the Illinois Brigade, with HQ at Cairo. And those individuals selected by Prentiss contributed to the success of their General; and in return saw their own careers go from strength to strength. One such individual, not yet discussed, is Henry Binmore.

A native of London born in 1833, Henry migrated to Montreal Canada at age 16 and became a journalist, self-taught in the skill of shorthand notation. After moving to the United States, the young man worked as reporter for newspapers in Illinois and Missouri, and got caught up in the phenomena that was Stephen A. Douglas: a rising star on the National stage, whose debates in 1858 with chief contender for a Senate seat from Illinois -- Abraham Lincoln -- also propelled that man into the National spotlight. Reporter Binmore published articles from those debates, all conducted in Illinois, in the Chicago Times and the Missouri Daily Republican... and probably led to Binmore gaining the notice of Senator Douglas (who won the election). Henry Binmore was employed as Secretary to Stephen A. Douglas, and remained with that man until his untimely death in June 1861.

Private Secretary Binmore was suddenly in need of employment; and Brigadier General Prentiss was in need of a competent record-keeper/administrator. Given the rank of Captain, Henry Binmore became Prentiss's Assistant Adjutant General, and followed General Prentiss from Illinois to Northern Missouri. And when Benjamin Prentiss was assigned to duty with Grant's Army in Tennessee in March 1862, prospective assignment as Commander of the new Sixth Division, it may have been Captain Binmore who went ahead and reported at Savannah (while General Prentiss was busy with tasks assigned by Henry Halleck, and completed at Cairo, Mound City and Fort Henry.) It may very well have been Henry Binmore to whom Colonel Madison Miller reported on or about March 31st 1862, and received camp assignment for the 18th Missouri Infantry. (Next day, Miller records meeting General Prentiss, in person, and being assigned as Commander of 2nd Brigade, of the Sixth Division.)

As AAG for the Sixth Division, Captain Binmore applied skills learned and practiced in Missouri to write and disseminate orders, and keep the books for General Prentiss. It is unknown how successful was Captain Binmore on April 6th, suffering the same surprise as the rest of the Sixth Division; and forced to flee north before 9 a.m., where it appears he remained close to General Prentiss in the Hornet's Nest (likely keeping an account of the Day's happenings -- and probably employed to deliver orders  to units, close by, especially while Prentiss' designated courier -- Edwin Moore -- was away delivering one of the many messages to General Grant.) Before 4:30 p.m., about the same time Benjamin Prentiss ordered north the artillery batteries belonging to Hickenlooper and Munch (Pfaender), the General also ordered Captain Binmore to the Landing... and so, General Prentiss was without Staff when he was taken prisoner before 5:30 (Surgeon Everett having been killed earlier in the day.)

A Staff officer without a General to serve, Henry Binmore applied to Stephen Hurlbut, and found employment as volunteer Aide de camp. In December 1862, when Major General Hurlbut was put in Command of the new 16th Army Corps, with HQ at Memphis, Binmore was promoted to Major, and then Lieutenant Colonel, and became Hurlbut's AAG.

At the conclusion of the War, Henry Binmore returned to Chicago and found employment as a Law Reporter (while studying law.) Passing the Illinois Bar before 1890, he continued to work in the legal profession, and the writing of law-related documents and papers, until his death in 1907.

Just a bit more to the story of the Sixth Division...


References:  http://archive.org/stream/lincolndouglas2184linc#page/n121/mode/2up/search/photograph  Henry Binmore bio pages 80 - 81.

OR 8, OR 10, OR 24 (various pages)

Shiloh Report of General B. M. Prentiss

http://archive.org/stream/cu31924022842433#page/n0/mode/2up/search/Binmore  Henry Binmore's legal papers

A Politician Turned General: the Civil War Career of Stephen A. Hurlbut by Jeffrey Norman Lash (2003) Kent State Press, page 110.

http://newspapers.library.in.gov/cgi-bin/indiana?a=d&d=PT19071107.1.8  Plymouth Tribune 7 NOV 1907 page 8 col.4 "Reporter dies"

SDG post March 2018 "The 18th Missouri Infantry" [Colonel Madison Miller]

lincoln (3).jpg [Sketch by Robert Marshall Root]

Lincoln - Douglas Debate of 18 SEP 1858 at Charleston Illinois before a crowd of 15000 people. Prominent on the Speaker's Platform are Abraham Lincoln, Stephen A. Douglas, and scribbling away below Lincoln's left arm, Henry Binmore. [From Scenic and Historic Illinois (1928) by Charles E. Brown.]






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